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Find the area under the normal curve above, below, or

between z values shown below

Problem

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and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
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=
=
=
=
=
=

2.40
2.96
3.19
0.53
0.01
3.02
1.62
3.35
3.22
3.36
2.52
0.41
0.16
2.22
1.11
0.08
3.10
0.40
1.55
2.10
3.85
2.67
3.07
1.63
0.07
0.35
3.98
0.01
2.42
1.33
2.67
0.80
2.26

ANSWER
10.7%
48.6%
37.0%
7.1%
3.6%
44.7%
40.0%
22.0%
27.7%
33.7%
25.8%
3.2%
22.5%
37.3%
35.9%
21.3%
31.1%
4.5%
35.2%
19.4%
29.1%
35.9%
20.8%
11.0%
26.0%
13.4%
39.7%
30.1%
47.6%
18.6%
18.8%
12.2%
46.8%

Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between
Between

z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.20
0.03
0.33
0.75
0.10
0.13
0.12
0.77
0.59
0.42
0.63
0.50
0.80
0.29
0.02
0.66
0.49
0.28
0.22
0.80
0.55
0.35
0.81
0.99
0.80
0.74
0.26
0.86
0.04
0.59
0.87
0.43
0.05

Above
Above
Above
Above

z
z
z
z

=
=
=
=

1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00

15.9%
2.3%
0.1%
0.0%

Above
Above
Above
Above

z
z
z
z

=
=
=
=

0.87
0.77
0.67
0.56

19.2%
22.1%
25.1%
28.8%

42

Above

0.42

33.7%

43

Below
Below
Below
Below

z
z
z
z

=
=
=
=

-1.00
-2.00
-3.00
-3.00

15.9%
2.3%
0.1%
0.1%

Below
Below
Below
Below

z
z
z
z

=
=
=
=

0.73
0.88
0.04
0.12

76.7%
81.1%
51.6%
54.8%

44
45
46

47
48
49
50

For the following data sample:


14.12, 43.69, 17.12, 15.31, 22.41, 23.00, 39.00, 23.00, 23.00, 12.00,
calculate the z-value of 43.69.

14.12
43.69
17.12
15.31
22.41
23.00
39.00
23.00
23.00
12.00

-0.8776
1.9601
-0.5897
-0.7634
-0.0820
-0.0254
1.5100
-0.0254
-0.0254
-1.0810

0.190082
0.975006
0.277695
0.222613
0.467304
0.489856
0.934478
0.489856
0.489856
0.13984

0.809918
0.024994
0.722305
0.777387
0.532696
0.510144
0.065522
0.510144
0.510144
0.86016

Find the area under the normal curve between:


z = 1.23 and z = 1.87.

1.23 0.890651
1.87 0.969258 0.078607

Find the area under the normal curve between:


z = -0.80 and z = 1.53.

-0.8 0.211855
1.53 0.936992 0.725136

Find the area under the normal curve between:


z = -2.35 and z = -0.5.

-2.35 0.009387
-0.5 0.308538 0.299151

Find the area under the normal curve between:


z = 1.2 and z = 2.4.

1.2 0.88493
2.4 0.991802 0.106872

For a sample of students in the class, the average height is 67.5 inches, and the standard
deviation is 3.979. A person with a height of 64 inches has a z-score of _______?
STANDARDIZE(64,67.5,3.979)
-0.87962

The height of all 18 year old males is normally distributed with a mean of 69 and a
standard deviation of 4. What proportion of 18 year old males are < 68 tall?
-0.25 0.401294

The weights of apples from an orchard are normally distributed. Apples weighing 2 ounces
or more are graded 'A'. The mean weight is 2.5 ounces and the standard deviation is 1.25
ounces. What proportion of apples are graded 'B'?
-0.4 0.344578

In a test for the effectiveness of a medicine to control high blood pressure, the mean of
systolic pressure readings from patients on the medication was found to be normally
distributed with a mean of 170, and a standard deviation of 22. If 221 patients were
enrolled in the clinical trial, how many had a reading below 148?
-1 0.158655 35.06281

In a bottle-filling process, the amount of drink injected into 16 oz bottles is normally


distributed with a mean of 16 oz and a standard deviation of .02 oz. Bottles containing less
than 15.95 oz do not meet the bottlers quality standard. What percentage of filled bottles
do not meet the standard?
-2.5

0.00621

0.62%

A school requires an IQ of at least 117 for admittance to that school.


a. If IQ test scores amongst applicants are normally distributed with mean 100 and standard
deviation 16, what percentage of people would qualify for admittance to the school?
b. Wwhat minimum IQ test score should be required for admittance, if the school wishes 95% of all
applicants to qualify for admittance,
a.
b.

1.0625 0.144004
z

14.40%
1.65
73.68234

The weight of a batch of widgets is normally distributed. A sample of widgets (in pounds) is
as follows: 6, 9, 9, 8, 6, 5, 7, 10, 7, 8, and 8. What is the probability of finding a widget that
has a weight of 9 pounds or more.

5
6
6
7
7
8
8
8
9
9
10

-1.68846
-1.02514
-1.02514
-0.36181
-0.36181
0.301511
0.301511
0.301511
0.964836
0.964836
1.628161

0.045661
0.152649
0.152649
0.358746
0.358746
0.618488
0.618488
0.618488
0.832687
0.832687
0.948255

0.954339
0.847351
0.847351
0.641254
0.641254
0.381512
0.381512
0.381512
0.167313
0.167313
0.051745

The range of heights of men with a size 12 shoe is 71 inches to 76 inches. Suppose the
heights of all men wearing size 12 shoes are normally distributed with a mean of 73.5 inches
and a standard deviation of 1 inch. What is the probability that a randomly selected man who
wears a size 12 shoe:
a. Has a height outside the range 71 inches to 76 inches?
b. Is 74 inches or taller?
c. Is shorter than 70.5 inches?

a.

Above 76" = Above (mean + 2.5 standard deviations)


Above z = 2.5
=
0.00621
0.621%
Below 71" = 2.5 standard deviations below mean
Below z = 2.5
=
0.00621
0.621%
Outside 71" and 76" = .00621 + .00621 = .01241

b.

Above 74" = Above mean + 0.5" = 0z + 0.5z


Above z = 0.5
= 0.308538
31%

c.

Below 70.5" = 3.0 standard deviations below mean


0.00135
0.135%

A machine is used to cut a metal part to its desired length. The machine can be set so that the
mean length of the part can be any desired value. Irrespective of what mean is chosen, the
standard deviation of the lengths is 0.02 inches. Where should the mean be set if we want only
.4% of the parts cut by the machine to be shorter than 15 inches long.

0.40% 100-0.40
99.6% should be 15" or more
99.6 = z value of 2.65
less than 15" = -2.65
(x-xbar)/s
-2.65
(x-xbar)/0.02
-2.65
(x-xbar)
=-2.65 * 0.02
(x-xbar)
-0.053
= - xbar
-0.053 - x
= - xbar
-0.053 - 15
= xbar
0.053 + 15
15.053

A widget is manufactured with the possibility of having two defects per widget. If, in a batch of 1000
widgets, there is a total of 218 defects, what is the maximum possible defect-free yield percentage?
maximum number of defectives
defect free yield out of 1000
defect free yield %

218
782
78.2%