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Document No. :: IITK-GSDMA-Fire02-V1.

0 Final Report :: C - Fire Codes IITK-GSDMA Project on Building Codes

Comments on NBC (Part 4: Fire and Life Safety)


by

G.B.Menon
Fire Adviser, Govt. of India {Retd.} Cochin Ex-Chairman CED-22 Fire Fighting Sectional Committee Bureau of Indian Standards.

J.N.Vakil
Asst.General Manager{Retd},TAC/GIC,Ahmedabad Ex-Chairman CED-36 Fire Safety Sectional Committee Bureau of Indian Standards.

This document has been developed under the project on Building Codes sponsored by Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority, Gandhinagar at Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur. The views and opinions expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily of the GSDMA, the World Bank, IIT Kanpur, or the Bureau of Indian Standards. Comments and feedbacks may please be forwarded to: Prof. Sudhir K Jain, Dept. of Civil Engineering, IIT Kanpur, Kanpur 208016, email: nicee@iitk.ac.in

Communications with Bureau of Indian standards

Comments on Draft NBC4

Comments on NBC Part 4 (Part A) Comments on Draft NBC (Part 4: Fire and Life Safety)
(As forwarded to BIS on 24 September, 2003)

Contents

Foreword

(i) The division of the text into sections like FIRE PREVENTION and LIFE SAFETY as attempted in the draft code is not rational and sustainable, as explained later under FOREWORD. (ii) A section on REFERENCES (as given in earlier Revision 07 September 1997) has to be added. (iii) List of standards on pages 134-140 should be given a new heading Annex. F (iv) Contents page will have to be revised as under: Foreword 1. Scope 2. References 3. Terminology 4. Classification of buildings based on occupancy 5. Fire zones 6. Types of constructions 7. General requirements of all individual occupancies 8. Means of exit requirements (general) 9. Fire protection requirements (general) 10. Occupancy wise requirements Annex. A Calorific values of common materials and typical values of load densities Annex B. Fire hazard classification of industrial and non-industrial occupancies Annex C. Fire protection requirements for high rise buildings (15 m or above in height) Annex. D Considerations for venting in industrial buildings Annex E. Guidelines for drill and evacuation procedures for high-rise buildings Annex F. List of standards Halon Alternative Steering Committee CED 22P may be approached for updating the Halon alternative portion of the foreword. Fire Prevention and Life Safety form integrated and inter-related components of building design and construction which cannot be segregated into different classifications or divisions. To bring subjects like Classification of Buildings, Fire 3

IITK-GSDMA-Fire02-V1.0

Comments on Draft NBC4

Page4-b) 1) Page4-b) 2)

Page4-b) 3) After scope 2.1 note 2.2 2.6 note 2.18 2.20 2.21 4th line 2.24 2.26 2.28 2nd line 2.32 1st line 2.35 1st line 2.39 2nd line 2.39- Note 3

3.1.1

Zones, Types of Construction and even General Requirements for all individual occupancies under the heading Fire Prevention is not rational. Items 3.1 3.2 3.3 and 3.4 of draft standard are therefore suggested to be given separate Section nos 4,5,6, and 7 and Section on life safety is suggested to be renamed Means of Exit Requirements (general) in the suggestions under heading CONTENTS above Main Clause and Sub clause numbers would need to be amended accordingly if above suggestion is accepted. Idea of creating a sub division A6 for Starred Hotels should be dropped. Heritage and Archaeological monuments, because of their national/international importance and their irreplaceable high value of the structures and contents deserve to be considered as a separate occupancy class by themselves under group K. Add word (stations) after word (Railway). Add-2 References - Pl refer Indian standards listed at Annex F Add word (points) after word (call) Replace word (or) by word (and) in 3rd line. Delete word (due) in 1st line. Delete words (criteria of) Delete words (or any access) in 3rd line. 5th line- Replace word (of) by word (on) Add word (the) between words (and) and (like). Word (on) in the 2nd line should be replaced by word (of) Word (levelling) in the 2nd line should be replaced by word (level in). Start a separate sentence from word (for). Delete words (but acceptable only) Correct the spelling of (travelled) Add word (of not less than 100mm internal diameter) between words (mains) and (with). Replace word 4(2) by word Annex F (2) This should read (CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDINGS BASED ON OCCUPANCY) and 3 should be amended as 4 (ref- contents) Include new group K - Heritage and Archaeological monuments Note below 3.1.1 should be deleted. Instead following 2 notes should be added. 4

IITK-GSDMA-Fire02-V1.0

Comments on Draft NBC4

3.1.2a)

3.1.2f) 3.1.3 1st line Page 12 subdivision D6 Page 13 1st line 3.1.5(c) last line 3.1.6 2nd line 3.1.7 1st line 3.1.8 para3 Page 15 paragraph 1 3.1.9 3.1.9 last line 3.1.10

Note 1: In the case of Industrial/ Non industrial complexes, where a number of buildings are located, the individual requirement of each building shall be governed by its own occupancy classification as given above. Note 2: The requirement of fire fighting installations as given in Table 23 shall however, not be applicable in the case of industrial/ non- industrial complexes, which, shall be governed by respective Indian Standards. Add word (or cooking) between words (dining) and (facilities). Delete words (but without cooking facility) Delete Insert (any other training institute) after (college.) Delete words (elevated or underground). Add word (etc) between words (equipment) and (and). Delete words (and heritage and archaeological monuments) Reference to 3.1.1 is incorrect. Delete words - (and part of buildings covered by 3.1.1) Delete words (or part of a building). After sub division G3- Add words (determined on the basis of) between words (be) and (the) in the 1st line. Replace word (re:) in place of word (including). Add word (highly) between words (involve) and (combustible) in 3rd line. Replace word (used) in place of (issued) Replace word (on) in place of (for) in 4th line and complete the sentence with word (processing) Start the next sentence with words (These include) Delete words (For the storage, handling and processing of any) in the 7th line. Place words (other than liquids) in brackets. Replace word (old) in place of (new) Add word (structural) before word (character) to make it more specific. This should be a separate section (section 5) Add word (and life) after word (fire) Add word (high) between words (having) and (hazard) in 1st line. Word (used) in 2nd line should read (uses). These can occur only in theory. Can be deleted. 5

3.1.10c) 3.1.13 last line 3.1.14 2nd line 3.2 Fire Zones 3.2.1 2nd line 3.2.2.2.3

3.2.4.1 and 3.2.4.2


IITK-GSDMA-Fire02-V1.0

Comments on Draft NBC4

3.2.5.1 3.2.5.3 2nd line 3.2.7 para2

Delete word (and) in 3rd line. Replace word 4(3) by word Annexe F (3) Add word (or) between words (cubicles) and (partitioning) in 4th line. 3.3 This should be a separate section (section 6) 3.3.2 Replace word (by) with word (using) in 4th line. Table1 Col2 Word (bearing) should read (load bearing) and word (non-bearing) should read (non- load bearing.) under S.No.1 at all three places. Table1 SNo.9 Col2 Word (bearing walls, bearing partitions) should read (load bearing walls, partitions) Table1 SNo.2 Col3 Replace word (to) by word (from) at all 3 places. Table2 and Differentiation in fire resistance between wall with Table3. plaster and one without plaster should be removed unless proved otherwise by laboratory tests. Table5 Col 3 Heading should read Minimum thickness (mm) of protection for a fire resistance up to 1 hr. Also delete cols for 1.5 hrs and 2 hrs. Table7 Col- 2 Heading should read Minimum thickness (mm) of protection for a fire resistance up to 1 hr. Also delete cols for 1.5 hrs, 2 hrs, 3hrs and 4 hrs. Table 8 Items 1 to 7 should be removed unless proved otherwise by laboratory tests. Wood straw etc are never known to give 4 hrs fire resistance. Tables 12 /13 Heading should read (Reinforced Concrete Floors) Table 14 and 2 hrs 3hrs and 4 hrs fire resistance figures for items 1,2 Table 15 and 3 should be deleted unless proved otherwise by laboratory tests. Asbestos insulating boards, plasterboards and gypsum plaster are never known to give 4 hrs fire resistance. 3.3.3 Delete words (along with suppression system). Instead add (as given in Tables 14 and 15) 3.4 This should be a separate section (section 7) 3.4.2 7.1to7.9 in 2nd line should read 6.1to6.9. 3.4.2 3rd line Replace word (reasonable) by word (minimum) 3.4.2 4th line Add at the end (in exceptional cases). Add a new Para 3.4.4 For fire protection requirements of high-rise buildings, Annexe C may be referred. This should read Page 35 Note4d Staircase room and lift rooms above the topmost storey; architectural features, chimneys and elevated tanks of dimensions as permissible under the code. The area of the lift shaft shall be taken only for one floor. 3.4.8.2 Reconcile with values given in table 1(8)-2 hr should
IITK-GSDMA-Fire02-V1.0

Comments on Draft NBC4

3.4.8.3 5th line 3.4.9 3.4.11.5 3.4.12.4 3.4.12.5 3.4.14 3.4.15.1

read 1 hr. Add word (of) between words (resistance) and (not) Word (the) in the third line should be replaced by words (an internal). Note below table 1st line-Word (and) is required between (smoke) and (fumes) Word (susceptible to) in 2nd line should be replaced by words (available for.) Word (may) in first line should be replaced by word (shall). Replace word (effect) by word (affect) 2nd sentence should be reworded as follows: Such finishes tend to spread the fire and serious danger to life may result even though the structural elements may be adequately fire resistant. It is therefore essential to take adequate precautions to minimise spread of flame on such walls, faade of building and ceiling surfaces. This should be renumbered 3.4.15.3 4th line- Ref to 3.4.14.3 should be changed to 3.4.15.3. Word (types) in 5th line should be replaced by word (materials) 3.4.15.2 and 3.4.15.3 in 2nd line should read 3.4.16.2 and 3.4.16.3. Reference to 3.4.15.2 and 3.4.15.3 should read 3.4.16.2 and 3.4.16.3. Word (included) in last line should be replaced by word (permitted) Heading should read (Requirements for means of Exit) Add at the end: The term Exit implies a means of escape or exit used for evacuation of occupants in case of fire or any other emergency. Word (exist) should be replaced by word (exit) Add words (normally) between words (not) and (be) Add words (accordance with) between words (in) and (good). iv) Assembly (D) a) 0.6 (see Note 1) should read 0.6 (see note 2) Note1 third line-75 m2 should read 0.75 m2. In heading, add reference to clause 4.4.1 also Travel distance for educational occupancies of types 3 and 4 construction should be reduced from 22.5m to 15m. 7

3.14.5.3 3.4.15.4

3.4.16.1 3.4.16.5 2nd line 3.4.17.1(b) 4 4.1

4.2 4.2.2 4.2.7 4th line Table 20 - Col 3 Table 20 Table 21 Table22

IITK-GSDMA-Fire02-V1.0

Comments on Draft NBC4

4.6.1 4.6.2

4.7.3 line3 4.7.4 1st line 4.7.4 line2 4.9.1 4.9.10 f) 4.9.10 m)

4.10.3 table

4.11 4.12.3

4.12.3b) 4.12.3b) Note 4.13.1 1st line 4.14.1 4.14.2

4.14.3

4.15.1

4.16.2 4th line 4.17a) 2nd line 4.18 4.18 1st line 4.18 last line 4.18.2
IITK-GSDMA-Fire02-V1.0

Note2- 1st line-words (will reckon) should read (shall be) Last line should read construction of types 3 and 4 is not permitted for basements. Reference to 7.1 to 7.9 should read as 6.1 to 6.9. Add after 1st sentence: For areas exceeding 2000 m2, for every additional 1500 m2 area, an additional staircase shall be provided. Start a separate sentence with word (Overhead) Start a separate sentence with word (A landing) Start a separate sentence with word (The level) Add (Inclination of stairs should not exceed 60 degrees to the horizontal.) Word (lift) in 2nd line should read (lifts) Second sentence should read: (The second staircase leading to basement level should be separated at ground levelenclosures.) Heading under column 3 should read: Emergency operation (stage 2 of 2-stage system or single stage system) Add word (with) after word (comply) 1st line- Word (sprinkled) should read (sprinklered) 2nd sentence (The refuge arearailings) Should be shifted below b) Add word (additional) between words (one) and (refuge) Word (sprinkled) should read (sprinklered) Delete words (except buildings) 7.1-7.9 should read 6.1-6.9. This should be amended to read: The slope of a ramp shall not exceed 1 in 12. (Delete 2nd sentence) Delete words (and wherever use is such as to involve danger of slipping.). Word (non-slipping) should read (non-slippery). 1st sentence should read as follows: Where applicable fully automated fire lifts, having minimum capacity of 8 passengers, with emergency switch on ground floor shall be provided Add words lux after 0.025 Word (as) should read (that). Fire detection and warning should come under Fire Protection Requirements (General), New Section 9 Word (that) should read (where). Word to should be deleted. This sub clause should be shifted below section 6 8

Comments on Draft NBC4

General

5 5.1.1 5.1.1 3rd line 5.1.2 Fig1 below 5.1.2 Fig2 below 5.1.2 Table 23

preferably as the 1st paragraph Add a new clause: Periodical inspection and maintenance of lifts and escalators shall be carried out every 6 months. Repairs of the faults if any must be carried out in 24 hrs. This should read: (FIRE PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS: GENERAL) Line1 - Add words (FIRE AND LIFE SAFETY HAZARDS) between word (use) and word (and). Word (system) should read (systems). Reference to 4(18) is not correct. It should be 4 (19) Non return valve should be shown on source (tank) side of sluice valve to facilitate its maintenance Non return valves should be shown on source (pump) side of sluice valves to facilitate their maintenance Tables 23 and 24 should go under section OCCUPANCY WISE REQUIREMENTS at the beginning of the section with an introductory clause. Fire extinguishers requirements under column 3 may be deleted as this provision has already been mentioned under 5.1.2. Requirement of sprinkler systems for basements of area exceeding 200 sq. m for (A) (a) (1) and (b) (1) appear too stringent and unrealistic and hence may be deleted. A (a) 1 (i) Terrace tank of 5000 litres (that too without a pump) is unnecessary and may be deleted. A (a) 1 (ii) Column 15 the pump capacity for terrace tank should be 450 l p.m. In the whole table except in two instances, E (1) and F (A) 1 (ii) dry risers are shown as NR (not required). In these cases wet risers may be provided, and in the table, column 5 may be deleted. A (b) (3)& (4) column 15 for terrace pump shows NR This is wrong and has to be corrected as- 450 (900) see note 4)- in both cases A (c) (1) (ii) yard hydrants are required. NR entries under column 15 on page 58 should be corrected as 450 (900) for Terrace Tanks up to 5000 L capacity and 900 for tank capacities exceeding 5000 L, so as to allow ready use of hose reels, wet risers etc., before the main pump over the U/G tank can start A (c) (1) (iii) column 13 Terrace tank capacity is wrongly shown as 100,000. It may be corrected to 10,000. 9

IITK-GSDMA-Fire02-V1.0

Comments on Draft NBC4

A (c) (1) (iii)-Reference to Note 11 should be deleted under columns 9 and 11 A (d) Starred hotels may be deleted B 1 (i) requirements are not necessary under columns 9, 13 and 15 when all other columns are showing NR C (a) 1 (ii) yard hydrants are required C (a) 1 (iv) terrace tank pump of 450 (900) is required. For C (a) (2) and (3)- terrace tank pump of 900 is required C (b) 1 may be deleted. Requirements of C (b) 2 may be made applicable to all buildings up to 15 m in height. In column 15, terrace tank pump of 450 (900) is required (D) There is no need to show requirements separately for below 10 m and between 10m and 15 m. (D) 1) may be deleted. Requirements of (D) 2) may be made applicable to all buildings up to 15m in height. NR indicated against column 15 should be corrected to 450(900). (E) There is no need to show requirements separately for below 10 m and between 10m and 15 m. (E) 1) may be deleted. Requirements of (E) 2) may be made applicable to all buildings up to 15m in height. NR indicated against column 15 should be corrected to 450(900). F (a) 1 (i), (ii), (iii) & 2 Wet risers (column 6) should be provided. Same remarks hold good for automatic fire alarm system also For F (a) 1(i) and F a) 1(iii), Terrace tank pump of 450(900) is required. For F (a) 1(ii), F (a) 2, and Fa) 3,Terrace tank pump of 900 is required. G (a) 1 (iv) Yard hydrants col (8) and U/G tank col (12) of not less than 20,000 litres are required. Capacities of underground storage tanks (col12) and that of fire pump col (14) need to be revised upwards in case of following. Ga) 1(v)- 1620 LPM and 100,000 litres. Gb) 1(ii), (iii) and (iv) and H1 (i), (ii) and 3)- 2250LPM and 270,000 litres. (G) c)1) (ii)(iii)(iv)and(v)and J1(i)and(ii)-2820LPm and 675,000 litres. G (b) 1 (ii) Yard hydrants col (8) and terrace tank pump col (15) of 450 are required G (b) 1(iii) & (iv) Terrace tank pumps of 450 are to be provided under col (15)
IITK-GSDMA-Fire02-V1.0

10

Comments on Draft NBC4

Notes below (Table 23) 5.1.6 Page66 Fig3A

5.1.7 Automatic spks Table 24

Table 24 Col2

Table 24, Col 3 5.1.10 para1

5.2
IITK-GSDMA-Fire02-V1.0

G (c) 1 (ii) & (iii) Wet risers should be provided G (c) 1 (iv) & (v) Terrace tanks of 10000 and pumps of 900 should be provided H 1 (ii) & (iii) Manual fire alarm call points should be provided H1 (i) (ii) and (iii) Under column 15 terrace tank pumps of 900 are required. 1(i)-Terrace tank of 25000 col (13) and terrace tank pump of 900 col (15) is required. It is better to give height restrictions under each occupancy classification and not at the end. 3rd line- Replace word (mains) by word (means.) Fire pumps having negative suction are not to be preferred .In any case those with two suction pipes taking suctions from two different compartments should never be allowed, as they can always create suction problems due to air locks. Domestic pump with its suction pipe should also be shown in the figure to bring out clearly how the reservation of firewater is to be achieved. Note1 should be shifted at top of the clause. 2nd paragraph should start as follows: In any case automatic sprinklers shall be installed in: Size of the rising mains /risers need be only 100 mm with single outlet in case of 1(v). The entire table 24 except 1(v) 14 and 15 should come under Annex C for High-rise buildings. 1) Residential buildings (A) Sub items ii and iii should be interchanged to match with group definitions given elsewhere: ii) One or two family private dwellings iii) Dormitories Items 8 and 9 should read as follows: 8) All buildings classified under 1)(A)(i) to (iv) 9) All buildings classified under 1)(A)(V) above with shopping area exceeding 500 m2. Add word (are) between words (height) and (Not) in note below the table. One or two family private dwellings height should be restricted to 15 m in line with note 1 below table 23 Replace words (some other identified substitutes) by words (Halon substitutes.) nd 2 line-Reference to 4(22) may need a change. IS: 6382:1984 is now being superseded by a new standard for co2 systems Line1- Replace word (that) by word (where). 11

Comments on Draft NBC4

5.2.1 4th line 5.3 6-occupancywise requirements.

Line4- Word to to be deleted. Add word (analogue) after word (addressable,). Standards for fire extinguishers mentioned in 4(23) are yet to be published. 4.18.2 should be brought under this. Also Tables 23 and 24 should be brought under this as they pertain to occupancy wise requirements of fire protection measures. Para1-Delete words (and not more than one of which may be a window). This applies to A4 occupancies also. (Please refer 6.1.3.4). Are we expecting people to jump from upper floor windows? Last line- Replace word (chairs) by word (stairs) 4th line- Replace word (may) by word (can) Line 1 Delete (except those mentioned in 6.1.3.5) 6.1.3.5 deals with (hotels) and not (dormitories). Line 1- Delete words (Any building not more than two stories in height with no basement or), because this contradicts with the last sentence, which talks about (basements containing heating plants or group storage). Keep following words within brackets for better understanding: (Excluding driveways, not more than 10 % of perimeter.) th 4 line-Delete word (or) and start a separate sentence from word s (In case of) Replace word (lightening) by word (lightning) Line 1- Add words (or transformers) between word (boiler) and word (room). Line 4- Add word (of 4 hrs fire resistance) after word (wall). Reference to 3.4.7 should be changed to 3.4.8 Line 1- Replace word (additions) by word (addition) Add- The no shall be reduced from 45 to 30 where young children are involved. This is seldom complied with. Hence may be dropped. Replace word (fire assembly) by word (fire-resistant assembly/fire stop.) Add- It will be desirable to render the timber/plywood components fire resistant by a recognised method. 1st line- Replace word (only the first floor) by words (only the ground floor.) 12

6.1.3.2

6.1.3.2 a) 6.1.3.3 6.1.3.4 c)

6.1.3.6.3 6.1.4.5 2nd line 6.1.4.7

6.1.4.9 6.2.4.2 6.2.4.3 1st line 6.2.5.3 3rd line 6.2.6.1 and 6.2.6.2 6.2.6.3

IITK-GSDMA-Fire02-V1.0

Comments on Draft NBC4

6.3.3.3 6.3.3.4 6.3.3.5

6.3.3.6 3rd line 6.3.4.2

6.3.5

6.4.4.1 6.4.4.1.1 6.4.4.1.2 6.4.4.3

6.4.6.2 6.4.6.3.1 and 6.4.6.3.2 6.4.6.7 6.4.6.10 6.4.6.11 6.4.7.1 6.4.7.4 6.5.1 3rd line 6.5.2
IITK-GSDMA-Fire02-V1.0

line- Replace word (exceptions) by words (exceptional requirements) Shift words (including patient bedroom doors) to line1 between words (exit) and (that). 2ndline- Replace words (which have) with word (with). Line 2- Replace words (resistance) with word (resistant). End the sentence at word (walls) and start a new sentence with words (The Authority) Replace words (a lesser) with word (more). Replace words (1500mm) with word (2000mm) in line with 6.3.3.3* 1st sentence should read: Bare minimum quantities of flammable materials such as chloroform, ethyl alcohol, spirit, etc shall be allowed to be stored and handled Also Word (other) in 4th line should be replaced by word (relevant). It will be desirable to include requirement re: panic release hardware. The provisions under clause 6.2.4.3, which was recommended to be dropped, may be incorporated as a new paragraph under this. 3rd line- Replace words (therefore) with word (thereof) 1st line- Replace words (four) with word (six) 1st line- Replace words (two) with word (three) 3rd line- Replace words (three) with word (four) 2nd line- Replace words (650mm) with word (1000mm) in line with j 4.11.9. 3rd line- Replace words (750mm) with word (1100mm) 4th line- Replace words (900mm) with word (1200mm) Add- Balusters should not have gap of more than 150mm. Add word (like) between words (enclosures,) and word (boxes) These may be deleted. Details are already covered under 6.4.4.2. 4th line- End the sentence at word (workshops) and Start a new sentence with words (The proscenium) This may be deleted- Nowadays Nitro-cellulose films are not being used. 3rd line- Word (31/3) should read (3.5) 4th line- Delete words (sum of). Copy here 6.1.4.7 This may be deleted as it sends a wrong signal to safety conscious people. Ref to 6.6.5 should read (6.5.5) Add words (6.5.2.1 to 6.5.2.5) between words (in) and 13

3rd

Comments on Draft NBC4

6.5.2.2b) 6.5.2.3

6.5.2.4 6.5.2.5

6.5.3 6.5.4.2 6.5.5.1 6.6.4.2 6.7.2 6.7.3.3.3 6.7.3.4.1 6.7.3.4.3b) 6.8.3.3a) 6.8.3.3c)

6.8.3.3d)

6.8.3.3e)

6.8.3.3g)

6.8.5

word (Table 23). Also add at the end of paragraph 6.5.2 (wherever applicable. In addition, the requirements specified under 6.5.2.1 to 6.5.2.5 shall also be complied with. This should read (Solvent storage and/or flammable liquid storage.) Delete (b). The present (c) and (d) should be corrected as (b) and (c). Also proposed (b) should read as follows Sprinklers below false ceilings exceeding800mm and below false floor. The recommendation for a and b should be the same.. The reference to sprinkler system may be deleted. Col2 of table Insert word (automatic) between words (and) and (sprinkler). Add at the end if required by the Authority. Add- (Following requirements shall be complied with in addition to those given under section 4. Copy here 6.1.4.7 Insert word (or) between words (heating) and (any) Insert word (by sprinkler installation) at the end of the sentence. Add words (shall apply) at the end. Copy here 6.1.4.7 Word (and) between words (heating) and (other) should be replaced by word (or) 5th line- Insert word (are) between words (or) and (suitably) 4th line Replace words have been by are 2nd sentence should end with words (nearest exit.) Third sentence may start as follows (The distance may be increased to 45m in the case of garages travel.) 2nd sentence should end with words (any of the types). Start a separate sentence thereafter as follows: (In a ramp type garage. Means of exit.) 1st sentence should end with words (same floor level.) Second sentence may read as follows: (The distance may be increased to 45m in the case of garages automatic sprinklers.) 2nd sentence should end with words (or downstairs.) 3rd sentence may read as follows: (No upward travel shall at the rear than at the street) This should be broken in 2 sentences. 14

IITK-GSDMA-Fire02-V1.0

Comments on Draft NBC4

6.9.4b) 6.9.4c)

6.9.4d) 6.9.4f) 2nd line AnnexeB

Note below Annex B Annex C-C0 C 1.1

C 1.2 2nd line C 1.4 1st line


IITK-GSDMA-Fire02-V1.0

1st sentence should read: (Every area used for the storage of hazardous commodities shall have an exit within 22.5m of any point in the area where persons may be present.) Second sentence may read as follows: (The distance may be increased to 35m where automatic sprinkler protection is provided.) Copy here 6.1.4.7 2nd line-word (or) should be shifted between words (glow) and (flame) 3rd line Word (Gasoline) should read (Flammable) 2nd line Spelling of (shall) needs correction. Delete words- (steam line or any other) Heading should read-* FIRE HAZARD CLASSIFICATION OF INDUSTRIAL AND NON- INDUSTRIAL OCCUPANCIES. Assembly buildings small should be shifted to group B2 on account of heavy life hazard involved Similarly Educational and research institutes godowns and warehouses and cinema theatres should be placed in-group B2. Mercantile occupancies (departmental stores, shopping complex etc) have great fire hazards and hence should come under B3 Museums archives record rooms and heritage structures are high value occupancies of national/ international importance and hence should be transferred to B3. Oxygen plants have high fire hazards and hence should go under B3 Similarly plastic goods mfg should go under B3. Textile mills and Jute mills should be under same group viz B3. Grass, hay fodder and, bhoosa (chaff) - Add words pressing works in the end. Under B3, type retreading should read Tyre retreading. Include (underground power stations and underground railway stations) under B3 Note below Annex B Words Jurisdictions and protections should read jurisdiction and protection respectively. Definition (15m in ht or above may be reviewed.) Delete word (and) between words (stairways) and (corridors) in 1st line. Replace word (constructions) by word (construction) Ref to 3.4.14.2 should read 3.4.15.2. Replace word (and) by word (with) 15

Comments on Draft NBC4

C 1.4 last line C 1.5a) 1st line C 1.5b) 2nd line C 1.5-f)

C 1.5g)

C 1.5h) C 1.5n) C 1.5q) 1) C 1.5q)iv) C 1.5q)v) C 1.5q)vi) C 1.6.1

C 1.6.2

C 1.6.3 C 1.6.4

C 1.6.4.1 C 1.6.4.2 C 1.6.4.4

C 1.6.5 2nd para C 1.6.5 3rd para C 1.6.6 3rd line C 1.8

C 1.8.1 C 1.10

Replace word (staircase) by words (staircase enclosure) Replace word (lift) by words (lift shaft) Replace word (the) between words of and room by word (that) Delete words (For buildings 15m in ht or above). And complete this sentence at word (lifts) Next sentence should read: (They shall have solid doors at least 1 hr) (25 to 30 pa) in second line should read (15 pa) in line with requirements elsewhere in the code. Word (mechanically) in last line should read (manually) Delete word (the) in the 2nd line after word (of). Delete word (at any landing) in the 2nd line Word (permitted) in3rd line should read (provided) Delete word (fighting) after word (fire) In the 1sd line Word (trip) in 1st line should read (change) Replace word (is) by word (should be) in 1st line. Join last 2 sentences by word (when) Delete word (or) in 3rd line. Delete word (or) in 4th line. Add word (will) after word (level) 5th line- word (stores) should read (storeys) Complete the sentence at word (buildings.) Next sentence should read: (it shall communicate. 1hr resistance) Delete words (but each basement levels) in the 1st line 3rd line- Complete the sentence at (if installed). Next sentence should read: (They shall havestandard units) Replace word (internal locking) by word (interlocking) in 1st line. Ref to 3.4.10.5 should read 3.4.11.5 2nd line - Complete the sentence at (as possible). Next sentence should read: (When this duct. shall be provided.) 2nd line Word (sprinkled) should read (sprinklered.) 2nd line- Word (if) should read (where.) Word (`head) should read (heads.) 2nd line - Complete the sentence at (2 hr fire rating). Next sentence should read: (For floors with .50 percent.) 1st line-Word (on) should read (from.) 1st line-Word (or) should read (for.) 4th line- Complete the sentence at (air-conditioning shafts). 16

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C 1.11

C 1.12c)

C-1.12f) C 1.14a) C 1.14c) C 1.15 C 1.16a)

C 1.16c) C 1.16f)

C 1.17d)-2nd line C 1.17g) C 1.17j)-2nd line C 1.17k)

C 1.17k) 1) C 1.17r)

C 1.17s) 3)

C 1.18 C 1.18c) C 3.1.1 C4 C5 C 6.1


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Next sentence should read: (Inspection panel. possible from exits.) This clause should be amended as Provisions contained in 4.12.3 should apply for all high rise buildings more than 24m in height Add at the end (Such circuits should be protected at origin by an automatic circuit breaker with its no- volt coil removed.) Insert word (electrical) between words (ventilated) and (service) 2nd line Replace word (as) by word (that) Delete word (and) at the end. 6th line- Word (standby) should read (main electrical.) 4th line- Word (from) should read (room.) 7th line- Add after words rating on both sides of the opening 1st line- Words (in case) should read (where) 2nd line- Delete words (does not) 2nd line- Word (exceed) should read (exceeds). 6th line- Replace words (shall be of non combustible construction and) with word (which) Insert word (using) between words (of) and (space) 1st line- Words (area) should read (areas.) Insert word and between separated and in This should read If the air-handling units serve more than one floor, the conditions given below shall be complied in addition to the recommendations given above. nd 2 line- Insert word (principle) between words (detector) and (for) 1st line- Replace words (fixed nearer than) by word (stored within) and word (to) by word (of). th 4 line- Delete word (and) 2nd line- Insert words (shall be provided as follows for non-ventilated lobbies/ corridors.) at the end. Col 2 row 1 in table below-Delete words- (In non ventilated lobbies/ corridors) 2nd line- Replace word (in) by word (for) Add at the end, on both sides of the opening 1st line Replace word-by-word (the). Replace word (lighting) by word (lightning) in the heading as well as in 1st line. 3rd line- Replace word (aid) by word (all). 5th line- Replace word (maintained) by word (displayed). Add words (at all times) at the end. 17

Comments on Draft NBC4

C 6.2e) C 6.2 note C7 C8

D 2.1.5 D 2.1.12 D 2.1.19 D 2.2.2 D 2.3.1 D 2.3.2 1st line D 2.3.8 D 2 4.3 D 2.4.5 D 2 5.6 D 2 6.2 D 3.1-3rd line D 3.2.3 D 3.2.6 D 3.2.7 D 3.3.2 1st line D 3.3.4 D 3.3.9 D 3.4.2 D 3.4.5 D 3.4.9 D 3.4.13 E 3.1

E-5.1 E 8.2.1 E 8.2.2

1st line- Replace word (the) by word (all). 1st line- Replace word (have) by word (having). 2nd line- Replace word (and/ or) by word (and). Replace word (action) by word (actions). 5th line- Replace word (lettering) by word (letters) 2nd paragraph 1st line- Replace word (for) by word (on) 3rd line- Delete word (approximately) 3rd line- Replace words (external walls) by word (roof). 3rd line- Replace words (birds) by word (brands). 2nd line- Delete word (the perimeter of) Insert words (see D-2.2.5 below) after words (fire area) 2nd line- Replace words (until type) by words (unit type). Replace word (wire) by words (wired). 4th line- Replace word (caves) by words (eaves). 2nd line- Replace word (and) by word (or). 2nd line-Insert word (in) before word (order) Delete both third and fourth sentences, as they are mere repetition of D-2.1.17. 1st line- Replace word (may) by word (any). Delete (Pressures developed by such explosion hazards) which is redundant. 5th line- Delete word (and) between words (work) and (into). 1st line- Replace words (so that) by word (therefore). 6th line- Delete word (and) between words (titanium) and (zirconium) Replace word (or) by word (of). 1st line- Replace word (of) by word (or). 2nd line- Insert words (involved, it may be) between words (may be) and word (desirable) 2nd line- Replace word (explosures) by word (exposures) * 2nd line- Replace word (when) by word (if). 2nd line-Insert word (rise) between words (pressure) and word (as) 5th line- Delete word (single strength) between words (than) and (glass). 2nd line- Delete words (after the effective date of these rules, or for new buildings during the first two years after the issuance of the certificate of occupancy.) Delete reference to c-8 it being irrelevant. 2nd line- Delete words (and of) between words (by) and (its). 1st line- Delete word (and) at the end. 3rd line- Insert word (and) instead of word (the) between 18

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Comments on Draft NBC4

E 8.3to E 8.7 E 8.5a) E 8.7a) E 8.7b) E 8.8 E 9 Duties E 9.1.8 E 9.1.8b) E 9.1.8e) E 9.2.1 E 9.3.3f) 5) E 9.3.5

E 9.3.10 E 9.4.2 E 9.5c) E 9.6 a)

E 9.7

E 9.8d) E 9.8e) E 9.8m) and 9.8n) E 9.8p) E 9.8t) 4) E 9.8) y)

words (fire) and word (response) 3rd line- Replace word (and the) between words (designated) and word (immediate) by (for) 4th line- add word (to) between words (and) and (contain) A preceding explanatory brief should be added to start with. Delete word (are) at beginning. Delete word (submit) at beginning. Replace completed by complete Delete word (indicate) at beginning. 1st line- Replace word (of) by word (to) between words (instructions) and (all). This should come under E8 only. 1st paragraph-Add words (the following )at the end Replace meaning by Manning Shift words (in the operation) at the end of sentence. Add- (and assist him in the discharge of his duties) Remove the gap between line2 and line3. 1st line- Replace words (have available) by words (prepare or keep ready) 6th line- Insert words (them to) between words (remove) and word (the) 6th line- Replace word (resistance) by words (assistance) 2nd line- Replace word (civinity) by word (vicinity). 2nd line- Replace words (the direction and execution) by words (to direct and execute). Insert words (by use of first aid fire fighting equipment on the floor) between words (fire) and (until) 2nd line- Replace word (when) by word (once). 3rd line- Replace word (commissioner) by word (department) Add- c) Provision shall also be made for the six monthly inspection and testing of wet risers, landing valves, hose reels, sprinkler system etc. Replace words (or duplicate attached) by words (or attach duplicate). Add- No of storeys. Replace words (Name of employee) by words (Name of employee responsible). Insert words (its location) between words (any) and (components) Add word (etc) at the end. Delete words (the proper) between words (and) and (protection). 19

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Comments on Draft NBC4

E 9.10

4th line- Place words (Since under Usable) into the brackets. Item 2- remove gap between lines 2 and 3. Item 3- Add Words (is at) at the end Item 2- under (if you discover a fire) Add words (if necessary) at the end Item 1- under (if You hear evacuation instructions) Replace words (North/south) by word (nearest). Add- Annex F in the heading.

Page 132 Page133

Page 134

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Comments on Draft NBC4

Comments on NBC Part 4 (Part B) Fresh Comments on Final Document NBC (Part 4: Fire and Life Safety)
(As forwarded to BIS on 30 April 2005)

Ref. 2.13. Exit

Fire The portion now added at the end, viz., having panic bar hardware provided on the door, appears to be far too stringent for universal compliance, though in some occupancies like C-2, Custodial Institutions, C-3 Penal and Mental Institutions, A-5 and A-6 Sub-division Hotels etc., panic bar hardware can be insisted upon. Moreover, this may be reconciled with the explanatory material regarding General Exit Requirements contained in 4.2.1, also.

Ref. 3.1.2. (a) The minimum number of persons, viz., 40, as in the Subdivision A-5 earlier version, is necessary to be specified. Hence, the Hotels clause may be suitably reworded to include, for more than 40 persons who are primarily transient. Ref. 3.4.8.3 The fire resistance requirements for inspection doors for various types of service shafts have been differently specified as 1 hour/ 2 hours under various clauses in the Code. The requirements as given in 3.4.8.3., 4.9.5, and C1.9 have to be reconciled.

Ref. 3.4.12.3.

While for normal operation, a minimum capacity of 12 air changes per hour may be adequate for smoke exhaust equipment, under fire conditions, the equipment must be capable of operating at a rate of 30 air changes per hour, as specified under C-1.6.4.2. This requirement existed in the earlier clause also, and is recommended for inclusion. Ref. Table 22, (i) In the final Draft, under Notes, there was a Travel Distance Note specifying half the value as prescribed in table 22 for basements- In the final document this has been omitted. It is felt that considering the adverse conditions prevailing in basements for emergency exits, this stipulation has to be there. (ii) Similarly, in the final document, a fresh requirement that Ramps shall be protected with automatic sprinkler system has been
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Comments on Draft NBC4

introduced. It is not understood as to how this can be specified as a thumb-rule requirement in all cases. Hence, requires review and amendment.

Ref. 4.9.5. 4.9.10 (f)

and regarding permitting ducting in stairways- The contents in these two clauses are conflicting, and need reconciliation. In the final Draft, there was a provision that the gap between two balusters shall not exceed 150 mm. But in the final document, this requirement does not find a place. However, this provision has been included in 4.11.9, under 4.11. External Stairs. There had been some tragic accidents where children had fallen down from stairs through balusters with bigger gaps. Hence, it is essential to retain this requirement for Internal Staircases also. The international practice is to provide central handrails where the staircase width exceeds a certain limit (1800 mm in U.K.; 1500 mm in USA etc). The reason why central handrails are necessary have been explained at length under information Note No. L/F 4.4. In India also there is an overwhelming requirement for provision of central hand rails for all staircases and ramps exceeding a width of 1500 mm. This requirement should be included in the Code. In case of fire, any member of the fire service should be in a position to operate the fire lift, not Firemen alone. In the earlier Draft also the words fire service personnel were used. Further, even under 2.14. Fire Lift, the definition clearly states as The lift installed to enable fire services personnel. It is better to leave it like that, rather than restrict the operation to the lowest rank in Fire Service, viz; Firmen. In the final Draft, installation of automatic sprinklers was specified for all floors of buildings, if the height of the building exceeded 30m But, in the finalized document, this requirement has been made much more stringent reducing the height of buildings to 15m (except residential and educational buildings0. It is felt that such stringent measures amount to impractical proportions, and are difficult to implement. 22

Ref. 4.9.9

Ref. 4.15.2.

Ref. 5.1.7. (g)

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Comments on Draft NBC4

Ref. 5.1.7. (m)

Actually, sprinkler protection for false ceiling exceeding 800 mm in height, is required only in buildings which are sprinklered. In unsprinklered buildings, such a requirement is meaningless. Hence the original working in the final Draft must be restored. 3 The present version is most confusing. For instance to say, where automatic sprinklers cannot be provided, appropriate sprinklers / provisions shall be provided makes no sense. Hence this Note may be deleted.

Ref. Note under 5.1.7

Table 24 On 2nd The size of the rising mains has to be increased to 150 Page mm (as in final Draft) so as to adequately cater to the requirements of the type of occupancies referred to. Ref. 6.4.8. Fire Protection and Fire fighting System for Metro Stations. (i) At the outset, it would have been more appropriate if this item was published as a Code of Practice, as is the normal practice, and not finding a place in Part 4 Code itself. If a separate I S on Code of Practice on the subject was ready, a reference to the I S would have been sufficient in the Code. (ii) The fire protection / fire safety and life safety requirements for underground railway systems and elevated railway systems are totally different and, hence, separate I S will have to be formulated for each of them. (iii) The entire 6.4.8. Clause will have to be suitably reworded using the usual Code language. For instance to state (as given in 6.4.8.2) The internal hydrant is proposed to be provided with 2 number RRL hose pipes.. etc. is more in line with the wordings of a technical paper or report, rather than in conformity with the wordings of a BIS Code or I S. There are several such editorial errors throughout this new Clause. (iv) To lay down the number of internal hydrants, manual call boxes, and even portable fire extinguishers for the 23

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Comments on Draft NBC4

(v)

concerned premises is quite contrary to the normal practice and procedure adopted in Code formulation. It is felt that, the best thing to be done under the present circumstances is to be withdrawal the portion (Clause 6.4.8.) from the Code for the present, and recast it as an independent IS.

Ref. C-1.6.3.

Last sentence It will be wrong to state that fire rating may be taken as the required smoke extraction time for smoke extraction ducts Both are entirely independent factors and have no bearing on each other. Use of Basements It will be desirable to include all the permissible as well as non-permissible utilizations of basements as spelt out in the earlier final draft. This is not practicable in all cases, and hence should be suitably amended. The wording should be suitably amended like..ensure that the fire-fighting equipment are maintained.- In this context, a reference to the last sentence under Clause C-5 is also relevant. The designation, Fire Commissioner is not prevalent in Indian Fire Services. It is more in line with the organizational structural pattern followed in U.S. Fire Services.

Ref. C.1.6.5.

Ref. C-1.17 (d)

Ref. C-6.2. (a)

Ref. E-9.6 (a)

Ref. E.9.7. (a) & It has to be specified as to who will be responsible for (b) these requirements. Ref. E 9.8. (m) Pressure tank is generally a requirement for sprinkler system, and not for standpipe system.

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