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CLIENT: HOCKWAY LTD PROJECT: INTERNAL REVIEW

CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEMS PERFORMANCE PROCEDURE CURRENT DRAINAGE FOR UNDERTANK

Hockway Ltd Unit 6, Trowers Way Centre, Holmethorpe Industrial Estate, Redhill, Surrey RH1 2LP. UK. www.hockway.com

A REV.

01/06/06 DATE

ISSUED FOR SP something DESCRIPTION/ISSUED FOR

ALD BY HOCKWAY DOCUMENT No: ???-INTERNAL-1001 CHK APP

TITLE: Performance Procedure (current drainage for undertank)

PERFORMANCE PROCEDURE CURRENT DRAINAGE FOR UNDERTANK

Client: Hockway Ltd Project: Internal

INTRODUCTION General

This document describes the procedure for undertaking a performance test, specifically for undertank Cathodic Protection systems. This procedure is to be applied immediately after installation of Cathodic Protection materials under the tank to ensure that the; 2 The Cathodic Protection design has been proved and The Cathodic Protection materials are not damaged and are working as designed. REFERENCED DOCUMENTS International Codes and Standards BS 7361-1:1991 Cathodic Protection Code of Practice for Land and Marine Applications. NACE RP0193-2001 Standard Recommended Practice External Cathodic Protection of OnGrade Carbon Steel Storage Tank Bottoms

Project Related Documents . 3 3.1 TECHNICAL INFORMATION Background Information

The Cathodic Protection for tanks base plates can be applied through different arrays of groundbeds/ anode systems. Most commonly used are the undertank grid or loop anodes however care must be taken throughout the installation of these anodes, permanent reference electrodes, backfill and subsequent tank base plate that; The anodes do not touch the base plate, sumps or each other The backfill is within the designed resistivity tolerances The reference electrodes are; Working accurately Recording satisfactory potentials for given any current injection wrt the designed current requirements.

Hockway Doc. No.: I???-17779-1001 Rev A

01/06/06

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PERFORMANCE PROCEDURE CURRENT DRAINAGE FOR UNDERTANK

Client: Hockway Ltd Project: Internal

This procedure therefore sets out to verify that the Cathodic Protection system for the tank plate will operate satisfactorily according to any given project or client specification. 3.2 Anode termination

The procedure assumes that all the anode tails will be finally bonded together without adjustable resistors for balancing, as these are normally not required for grid systems. 4 EQUIPMENT/ MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS Power Source DC only, preferably regulated. Minimum 12 Volts, Maximum 50Volts. Preferably with capacity for upto 50 Amps output. If the only DC source available is a car battery, take all precautions in regards when handling and connecting. DO NOT SHORT. This is especially true when running the engine for extra power. Anodes as installed Tank Plate as installed Reference Electrodes Permanent Reference Electrode Portable if applicable Connection terminal (Connection plate, bolt, terminal block) 3 No. Multimeters Either OR 2 No, Voltmeters (1No High Impedance for potential) + 1 No. Ammeter Cables rated at 50 Amps depending on intended Voltage input. Safety Option Fuse or circuit breaker rated at maximum rating intended by site engineer. 5 5.1 PROCEDURE Pre-Test 3 No. Voltmeters (1 No. High Impedance) + Shunt capable of maximum 50 Amps.

Before performing this procedure, be sure that the anode tails are not in contact with the tank plate by testing each loop to the tank plate using a Megger, Nilsson 400 device or similar resistance instrument.

Hockway Doc. No.: I???-17779-1001 Rev A

01/06/06

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PERFORMANCE PROCEDURE CURRENT DRAINAGE FOR UNDERTANK

Client: Hockway Ltd Project: Internal

If there is short between the anode and tank plate then this MUST be resolved before proceeding any further as this will compromise the performance of the Cathodic Protection system even if the offending circuit is left from the test and/or the final Cathodic Protection system build. 5.2 Expected Values

The Voltage and current output values will depend largely on the size and design of the Cathodic Protection system. The intention is read a potential of at least -1.0 Volt between the structure and reference electrode when the system is energised. The system where possible should be taken to the designed maximum output ie the maximum rating for the intended permanent DC power source such as a Transformer Rectifier . Where the potential is always more positive than -1.0 Volt, then the temporary should be powered up in stages to get to this value so that the final output Voltage and current can be used for a redesign or explanation. 5.3 Wiring

ALWAYS WIRE TO THE BATTERY LAST if applicable. 1. Strip and Connect all anode cable tails conductors together to assume such that all anodes are electrically connected together. 2. Wire back to the positive terminal of the power source, DO NOT CONNECT if using a battery, using a suitable rated cable. 3. Inserting a shunt or ammeter, wire back from the tank base plate to the negative connection of the power source. Also insert a fuse or circuit breaker in series if this considered necessary. This is true when an unexpected load may occur such as in the case of an unregulated supply eg. Car battery. 4. Connect a voltmeter across the tank plate and anode cable tail connections. The voltage should be no more than 1 1.5 Volt difference. 5. Connect the High Impedance voltmeter to the reference electrode # 1. The negative (COM) connection shall be made to the electrode. In the instance where a Stelth 7 Rocket is used, common for undertank systems, this the yellow cable of the 5 core cable. The positive connection should be made to the tank base however the same connection to that of the Negative connection to the power source is NOT permitted.

Hockway Doc. No.: I???-17779-1001 Rev A

01/06/06

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PERFORMANCE PROCEDURE CURRENT DRAINAGE FOR UNDERTANK

Client: Hockway Ltd Project: Internal

5.4

Testing 1. Measure and Record the potential of ref (Reference Electrode) #1 to #nn where nn the total number of electrodes under the tank, by moving the negative test lead (the COM lead not the power lead) from electrode to electrode. 2. Connect the potential reading voltmeter back to ref. #1. The potentials should be in the order of -0.3 to -0.6 Volts. 3. Check that the positive and negative power leads and connections are NOT in contact with each other. 4. Connect the Negative power lead to the power source. 5. If using a regulated power source then drop the output to zero. 6. Connect the positive connection to the positive terminal. 7. If using a battery ensure that the current output is not excessive for the design of the temporary circuit 8. Measure and record the Voltage, Current (shunt voltage if using a shunt and convert to current) and potential of ref#1. 9. In the case of a regulated source, turn up the power output in stages, measuring and recording the Voltage, Current and potential(s) of the reference electrodes. 10. Take the output up until the reference potentials read approximately -2.0Volts or until the maximum design current and voltage or upto a safe maximum of 50Volts limit has been reached. 11. IF using a battery the potential is more positive than -1.0 Volt then turn of the vehicle engine if connected to generate extra voltage. 12. Confirm that the potentials on the other reference electrodes are within the same values +/- 100 mV.

NB. ALL reference electrodes should have potential more Negative than 1.0V. 13. Once the trial is over disconnect the positive lead FIRST from the battery or in the case of a regulated power source turn down the power to zero/ switch off the power. Disconnect the positive lead followed by the Negative power lead. 5.5 Post Test 1. Disconnect all the power leads

Hockway Doc. No.: I???-17779-1001 Rev A

01/06/06

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PERFORMANCE PROCEDURE CURRENT DRAINAGE FOR UNDERTANK

Client: Hockway Ltd Project: Internal

2. Care should be taken to avoid the reference electrodes cables from touching the anode or structure as this may impair the performance of the electrodes. PVC tape should seal the cable ends. 3. Assuming that the installation of the remainder of the CP equipment will not be undertaken in the immediate future. Ensure that the cable tails are probably marked with permanent tags and bury and secure the cables to avoid any damage during further construction.

SUPERVISION AND VERIFICATION

The procedure as set out in this document should be ideally undertaken and/ or supervised by a NACE recognised Cathodic Protection Engineer. At the minimum the values gained from site should be validated by the Lead/ Cathodic Protection Engineer.

Hockway Doc. No.: I???-17779-1001 Rev A

01/06/06

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