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Equipment performance check : Ulllll The calibration and performance of manual ultrasonic test system can be checked using

the IIW - V1 block. Normal Probe : S : System Sensitivity check, with the hole signal set to 75% screen height, minimum 40 dB reserved gain required. R : Resolution check [ ability to produce separate indication ] The signals from the 85, 91 and 100 mm distances should be displayed on the screen without overlapping. D2 : Dead zone, signal from hole indicates 10 mm or less. D1 : Dead zone, signal from hole indicates, 5 mm or less. P : Checks sound generating ability of the system. With the gain at maximum, 5 full screen signals from the 23 mm Perspex insert, using a 2 MHz probe should be obtained. R1 and R2 : Range calibration and Horizontal Linearity. Angle Probe : E: Beam exit point, when the signal from the radius becomes maximum, the exit point of the probe coincides with the center mark of the scale on the face of the block. S: Sensitivity check. with the signal from the radius set to 100%, minimum 40 dB reserved gain required. R: Range calibration for angle probe. A1: and A2: Angle check, when the signal from the hole becomes maximum, the exit point of the probe may coincide with one of the marks on the face of the block to indicate the refracted beam angle of the probe. Horizontal Linearity : For accurately locating reflectors, a linear distance scale is essential. A 100 mm range is accurately calibrated from location R1. With the probe at position R2, signals should appear exactly at 12.5, 25, 37.5 and 50 th division on the screen. A signal position deviation by more than 1% indicates, non linear distance scale. This check should be carried out over the maximum range used for actual testing. The ultrasonic instrument must provide linear vertical presentation within +/- 5% of the full screen height. Screen Height Linearity : Using a viscous couplant, a normal beam probe is positioned at a suitable location of the block to give a 2 : 1 ratio of amplitudes between two steady signals. When the attenuator is changed in 2 dB steps, the smaller amplitude signal must remain 50% of the larger amplitude within +/- 5% of full screen height. Amplitude Control Linearity : The accuracy of the amplitude control of the ultrasonic equipment is also essential. Using a viscous couplant, a normal beam probe is positioned on the block to produce a 80% steady signal. With the attenuator changing by 2 dB steps, the signal amplitude shall change corresponding to the figure given below. A deviation of +/- 5% is considered acceptable. A 50% signal, when reduced by 24 dB, should be clearly detectable. ( Dynamic range ) Signal to Noise ratio : After setting a signal to 20% screen height, the gain is further increased till the base line noise equals 20%. The difference in gain is the signal to noise ratio and indicates the quality of the amplifier.

K. Chatterjee,

75643

Center for NDT

P 00 Rv 04

Self study material.