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The information in this document is subject to change without notice and describes only the product defined in the introduction of this documentation. This document is intended for the use of Nokia Siemens Networks' customers only for the purposes of the agreement under which the document is submitted, and no part of it may be reproduced or transmitted iin any form or means without the prior written permission of Nokia Siemens Networks. The document has been prepared to be used by professional and properly trained personnel, and the customer assumes full responsibility when using it. Nokia Siemens Networks welcomes customer comments as part of the process of continuous development and improvement of the documentation. The information or statements given in this document concerning the suitability, capacity, or performance of the mentioned hardware or software products cannot be considered binding but shall be defined in the agreement made between Nokia Siemens Networks and the customer. However, Nokia Siemens Networks has made all reasonable efforts to ensure that the instructions contained in the document are adequate and free of material errors and omissions. Nokia Siemens Networks will, if necessary, explain issues which may not be covered by the document. Nokia Siemens Networks' liability for any errors in the document is limited to the documentary correction of errors. Nokia Siemens Networks WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE IN ANY EVENT FOR ERRORS IN THIS DOCUMENT OR FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL (INCLUDING MONETARY LOSSES), that might arise from the use of this document or the information in it. This document and the product it describes are considered protected by copyright according to the applicable laws. NOKIA SIEMENS logo is a registered trademark of Nokia Siemens Corporation. Other product names mentioned in this document may be trademarks of their respective companies, and they are mentioned for identification purposes only. Copyright Nokia Siemens Networks 2007. All rights reserved

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:It was indeed quite difficult to acknowledge the entire crowd who had a major influence on the conception and fruition of this document.To the best of my ability I shall attempt to do so.I would like to thank Pradeep Chattikal, Prashanth k, Vikrant Arun Dolas, Muthu Krushnan and Rajiv Mohan Gandhi from Nokia Siemens Network. (India) for their technical support and providing valuable sujections during the course of work.I would also like to thank Avnish Kumar from NSN, contributing for IBS solutions for Idea Delhi Network. My gratitude also to grand me and my team an opportunity of testing several queries and features on Idea cellular Delhi Network and also on some of the Hutch Networks in India.

Date: December 02 2007.

Stenin.N.P Networks, and Service Optimization. Nokia Siemens Network, India.

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Table of contents:i. ii. iii. 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ......................................................................................... 4 INTRODUCTION ...................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined. OBJECTIVE.............................................................................................................7 Voice Audit...8 Radio Network Capacity and Traffic 8 Cell wise Capacity Utilization..10 Spectrum Loading .. .11 BSC and A-Interface Capacity and Utilization..11 BCSU Utilization and sujections .12 SDCCH Utilization and Failure Observations...12 LAC Subscribers and Paging analysis .13 LAC Distribution ...13 Handover Cause Distribution .17 Frequency Utilization .18 Network Discrepancies 18 SDCCH Redimensioning Requirement 18 Basic Parameter Discrepancy . .19 AMR Parameter Discrepancy 20 Neighbor Discrepancies ..20 Path Imbalance .....21 Ghost SDCCH Analysis .21 Data Audit...23 Executive summary ..23 EDGE / GPRS Configuration Settings ..23 GPRS / EDGE Parameter Discrepancies 24 NSCI Plan Review ...29 RAC Plan Review 30 Paging success rate verses LAC Plan .....31 Territory Upgrade ...................32 Multi slot allocation ..33 Sleeping Cells ..36 EDAP Congestion ...37 Gb Utilization ...39 Recommendations ..40 Parameter Audit. .....41 Transcoder Optimization ....41 Ignored Transcoder Failure_ITCF ..42 Explanation ....42 Parameter Discreption .....42 MML Command ....43 Performance Plot .....44 Rx_Level_Min_Cell [SL] .....46 Parameter Discreption ........46 Expected Improvement .......47 Handover Improvement Plot ...48 Drop due to HO Improvement Plot .......50 LAPD Timer T200 Optimization 51 Software Requirement .51 Parameter Discreption .52

1.1
1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9

2. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 3 3.1

3.2

3.3

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3.4 3.4.1 3.4.2

3.4.3

3.4.4

3.4.5

3.5 3.5.1 3.5.2 3.5.3 3.5.4 3.6 3.6.1 3.6.2 3.6.3 3.7 3.7.1 3.7.2 3.7.3 3.7.4 3.8 3.8.1 3.8.2 3.8.3 3.8.4 4 4.1

4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 6 6.1

Performance Plot ..53 Handover Detection Analysis .....54 ND 204 Analysis ...55 Level HO in the Down Link 56 Explanation ..56 Parameter Descreption ..56 Level HO in the Up Link ...58 Explanation ..58 Parameter Descreption ..59 Quality HO in the Down Link .60 Explanation ...61 Parameter Discreption .61 Quality HO in the Up Link ....62 Explanation 63 Parameter Descreption 63 IBS Optimization 64 Umbrella Cell Concept .64 Explanation 65 Parameter Discreption .65 Performance Enhancement Plot 67 IBS Design Verification and Analysis. 68 Explanation .. ..68 Cell site Information form ..69 Trunking Diagran Verification70 RLT & ARLT Analysis Report 76 Parameter Descreption ....76 RLT Performance Improvement Plot .78 Explanation .79 ARLT Improvement Plot ...80 Congestion Relief using TRHO ..81 Advantages .81 Parameter Descreption .82 Setting in the switch .....82 Performance Plot 85 Optimizer Cycle...86 Optimizer 2.0 Explanation .86 TCH / BCCH Plan Generation ...87 BSIC Plan Generation 87 Optimizer Result, Before and After Iterations 87 BCCH and TCH Usage Plot ..87 TRx Interference Distribution 88 Performance Plot 89 EOSFLEX OPERATIONS ...91 General Information ...92 Temporary Table .92 EOSFLEX Release 5.2 Operations 93 XML Scripts and bat file .94 EOS Scheduler .........................................................................97 Scheduler Script ...98 Statistics Generated .101 Alarm Cause study....102 Alarm Number 7745 ..104

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9 10

6.1.1 Descreption ...104 6.1.2 Statistical Analysis ....105 6.1.3 Field Test Trial ..106 6.1.4 Script...106 5.1.5 Performance Plot ..106 6.2 Alarm Number 7601 ..107 6.2.1 Description ...108 6.2.2 Fault Reasons with solutions ....108 6.2.3 Description of supplementry Information .109 6.3. Alarm Number 7738 ....109 6.3.1 Description ....109 6.3.2 Description of supplementry Information .110 6.3.3 Field Trial ..110 6.4 Alarm Number 7604 .114 6.4.1 Alarm Description ....114 6.4.2 Fault Reasons and Solutions .114 6.4.3 Supplementary Information..115 6.5 Alarm Number 7744 .116 6.5.1 Alarm Description 116 6.5.2 Supplementary Information..115 6.6 Alarm Number 7606 ....117 6.6.1 Alarm Description ...117 6.6.2 Fault Reasons and Solutions ..117 Drive test Analysis.118 7.1 Check List for Cell site.118 7.2 Basic Information..118 7.3 Idle Mode Information..118 7.4 Dedicated Information..119 7.5 Handover Information...119 7.6 Data Drive Information GPRS.119 7.7 Radio Efficacy Check120 7.8 Benchmarking Drive using Swis Qual 7.5..121 7.8.1 Drive Test Session ...122 7.8.2 Data Service Drive test Measurement ..122 7.8.3 Executive summary Voice ..123 7.8.4 Executive summary Data 123 7.8.5 Mobile service Quality in Nutshell .113 Voice Service Quality Lpot. ..124 Data Service Performance Plot 125 Summerised KPI Comparision .126 Nokia Macros .....128 8.1 Nokai Macro Dictionary for ND ..128 8.2 Nokia Macro Dictionary for MML ...129 8.3 Details of Nokia Macros ..129 Summary of Idea Delhi Optimization....130 Network Performance Plots .131 APPENDIX..137

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i. INTRODUCTION:The heigh marketing demand for better efficacy in the field of Optimization with less of investement on the cellular Network has lead to conduct several Test Trials, which are summerised into one single document. The test was done on technologies like GSM, GPRS and EDGE for both Voice and Data. The document also covers some of the critical Alarms and the way forward to handle these Alarms. Some of the methods that were adopted to achieve good Key performance Indicater were also covered for performance enhancement of Cellular Network.

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1.

Voice Audit

Network Audit for GSM Network carried out with analysis of different Nokia ND Reports and OSS Extracted statistics .The Voice Audit gives an understanding of the GSM Network and the discrepancies in the Network, which can be corrected on time to time basis for better Efficacy of Network Operation.

1.1

Radio Network Capacity and Traffic.

This gives details of the Network taken for Voice Audit as listed below as for Idea Cellular Delhi (India).
Observations Idea_Cellular-Delhi: Total Cells in the Network Total Sites:Metro= Total Sites: Ultra= Total Sites in the Network Total TRX in the Network BTS Software Version: BSC Software Version: OSS Software Version: Switch Software Version:

3563 128 1234 1362 10569 S 11.5 CD 6.0 S 11.5 CD 6.0 OSS 4 CD 3.0 M12 CD 3.0

Traffic Split is as follows :(For 13th June 2007 from Dashdoard).

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1.2

Cell wise Capacity Utilization

Cell wise capacity utilization Idea Cellular Delhi:

Number of cells which are utilized more than 90% in Idea cellular Delhi Network tend towards a percentage of 44. And there are also 6% of cells that are Under Utilized. Utilization of cells can be planned appropriately for Idea Cellular Delhi Network.

Total Operational Cells in the Network 2993 for Idea Cellular DELHI Circle

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1.3

Spectrum Loading.

1.4

BSC and A-Interface Capacity and Utilization

Observations: Total number of BSCs BSC versions used BSS software load :22 :5 BSC ( BSC 2i ) & 17 BSC ( BSC 3i) :S11.5 CD 6.0

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BCSU CAPACITY UTILIZATION Idea Cellular Network.

NOTE: BSC which have High Utilization can affect the performance of the BSC.Thus cells can be repranted appropriately.

1.5

SDCCH Utilization and Failure Observation.


.

SDCCH availability ........................../ava_63a 95.26 % Dynamic SDCCH allocation (TCH reconfigured to SDCCH )Attempts/c1154

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T3101 expired (S7) .........................../c57020 SDCCH drop ratio without T3101 expiry....../sdr_4

4658584 1.78

7.56% 1.78%

NOTE: There seems a lot of SDCCH Utilized for Location Updates, for which The LAC ReDimension will be carried out appropriately. NOTE: The major share of the drop at the SDCCH is seen due to T3101 Expiry and also at the Abis.

1.6

LAC Subscribers and Paging analysis.

There are 26 LAC Created under 3 MSC. Cells planned under different LAC are as shown below.

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Comment:

The cells distributed under Different LAC are seen uneven.As some of the LAC has large number of cells defined under them where as some other have few cells defined The distribution can be done according to study made with respect to Paging Load and Location update.Possibility of site rehoming, etc.LAC Distributed for Idea Cellular DELHI is as shown below.

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Cells of the same Site are given different LAC. LAC distribution is seen uneven in some of the geographical area for Idea Cellular Delhi,which can cause High signaling load due to high usage of SDCCH.

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LAD redimensioning requirement for the following cells for Idea Cellular Delhi:

The cell listed in the attachment requires LAC Changes appropriately, to reduce signalling Load in the Network.

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FOR HANDOVER Idea Cear DELHI:


1.7 1.7 Handover Cause Distribution

USES FOR HANDOVER Idea Cellular DELHI:


CAUSES FOR HANDOVER Idea Cellular DELHI:

Recommendation:

From the cause for Handover Network wide.The power budget Handover can be further improved from a value of 29.31%. Interfering frequency requires correction appropriately to reduce the Handover due to interference as shown there is 14.66 % Ho, due to DL Interference. NOTE: The most critical is the DL Interference of 14.66 demanding correction immediately.

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1.8

Frequency Utilization:

Frequency Distribution Idea Cellular Delhi.

NOTE;The BCCH Plan for Idea Cellular Delhi shows the difference between the most commonly used BCCH Frequency and the Least BCCH Frequency used in the Network.

1.9

Network Database Discrepancies :

With appropriate Nokia ND reports the following Discrepancies were found when Network Audit for Voice was conducted for Idea Cellular Delhi Netwrork. SDCCH Redimensioning Requirement.

NOTE- SDCCH RE-Dimensioning Requiremnt for Cells having High SDCCH Blocking (Considering that the cells do not have time slots Blocked carrying SDCCH denoted by Alarm 7745) .Taking Optimization of SDCCH further, we can have Dynamic SDCCH also switch on for better efficacy of SDCCH.

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Basic Parameter Discrepancy:Some of the Discrepancies in the parameters were audited for better operation of Cells in the Network.The data taken for audit was from OSS Statistics, ND Reports and BSS Dump.

The above discrepancy includes Prioritising of Cells for their Voice calls, Cells which are barred from Operations, Call Re establishment requirements, Hysterisis papameter, Temporary Offsets, Penality time requirements, Power controm Parameter enabled, and Handover papameters.

The above parameter describes the Band Requirement, Transmit power requirement, Access grand requirement , Periodic MS location update, Discontinious Transmission, and power budjet parameters.

The above table shows the RTSL which are not in use requiring Checks for those TRX.

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AMR Parameter Discrepancy:The Discrepancies in the AMR Parameters are listed in the table for Idea Cellular Network.

Neighbor Discrepancies:The Neighbor Discrepancies for Idea Cellular Network, showing cells which are not synchronised.

Cells which required Neighbours to be added and as well as to be deleted are done appropriately with the analysis of Neighbor Stats taking help of the percentage of Handover attempts for these perticular cells .

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Path Imbalance:Path imbalance in the cells of the network can be analysed with the help of Nokia ND report 183.This report can be used to find the Transmitted power inbalance, the sensitivity of both MS and Basae station, High VSWR in these cells. Note:-For Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR) the alarm threshold should be set to appropriate value in advance to a value of about 1.2. So as to indicate if the value shoots more than the set value of 1.2.

The positive value indicates the Imbalance is in the Transmitted Path, and the Negative value indicates the Imbalance in the Reception path with respect to the Base Transcive Station. NOTE-Cells having Path Imbalance requires checks like Cable, Transmit Power , Connectors , VSWR etc checked for these cells appropriately

Ghost SDCCH Analysis:The Phantom or Ghost SDCCH is due to reasons like Interference Both External and internal Interference in the Network. Parameter Changes requirement for Ghost SDCCH Establishment- Idea Cellular Delhi. By fine tuning changing the training Sequence the Ghost SDCCH can be reduced to an extend in the cell site.

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The Training sequence changes required for Non BCCH TRX Only as Listed in the table above Note: There should not be any changes made in the Training Sequence for BCCH Trx as, it would be difficult for a call to macheure, if the Training sequence differes from the BCC on the BCCH TRX of a Sector, then there would be difficulty in the calls getting mechured.

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2.

Data Audit

Network Audit for Data (GPRS / EDGE) Network carried out with analysis of different Nokia ND Reports and OSS Extracted statistics .The Data Audit gives an understanding of the Cellular Network and the discrepancies in the Network related to Data, which can be corrected on time to time basis for better Efficacy of Network Operation for smooth and agreed Data Throughput and efficacy.

2.1

Executive Summary on the Network. MSC: 5 BSC: 22 Sites: 1393 Cells: 4038 TRX: 8517 Spectrum: 6.2 MHz (GSM 900) Radio Network Capacity (Erlang): Radio Network Capacity (Erlang) - Data: VLR Subscribers (Attached): Registered GPRS Subscribers: Total BBH Traffic (Erlang): Total NBH Traffic (Erlang):

36008.65 2512.35 945594 16450 36358 33623

2.2

EDGE / GPRS Configuration Settings:

The configuration settings helps to explain the total cells with GPRS and EGPRS Enabled cells in the Network, and of the enabled cells with details of the Dedicated and Default (Switchable) timeslots availability. GPRS Enabled Yes No EGPRS Enabled Yes No GPRS TRX 1 TRX 2 TRX 3 TRX 4 TRX

3285 789 (to be verified with MML commands) 750 3324 3875 174 22 4

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CDED (%) 0 Ts: 1 Ts: 2 Ts: 3 Ts: CDEF (%) 0 Ts: 1 Ts: 2 Ts: 3 Ts: 4 Ts: 6 Ts: 9 Ts:

1418 cells 2610 cells 33 cells 13 cells 901 cells 2041 cells 165 cells 35 cells 919 cells 9 cells 4 cells

2.3

GPRS / EDGE Parameter Discrepancies


Priority BCCH: 3096 cells Non-BCCH: 978 cells It is recommended to have at least 2 GTRXs in cells prioritised with BCCH This Priority helps in allocation of Data calls on the enabled priority first, and then move on to remaining TRxs. Alpha Binary Representation ALPHA (ALPHA) GSM Reference: ETS 300 940 (GSM 04.08) Q3 name: Alpha Modification: Online Range: 0...10 according to the following principle: 0: =0.0 1: =0.1 2: =0.2 ... 10: =1.0 MML default: MML default: 7 (GSM 800 and GSM 900) 8 (GSM 1800 and GSM 1900) Description: With this parameter you describe the binary representation of the parameter .

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Related command(s): Note:

EUC, EUM, EUO OPTIONAL (GPRS)

This particular Network has the following Settings as listed below: Value Total cells:

0.7: 4072 cells 0: 2 cells Recommended Value: 1

Gamma GSM reference: Q3 name: Modification: Range: MML default: ETS 300 940 (GSM 04.08) Gamma Online 0...62 (dB) with a step size of 2 34 (GSM 800 and GSM 900) 36 (GSM 1800 and GSM 1900) Description: With this parameter you describe the binary representation of the parameter ch for MS output power control. EUC, EUM, EUO

Related command(s): Note:

OPTIONAL (GPRS) This Network has the following settings as listed below. Value Total Cells. 18: 26: 34: 3812 cells 6 cells 256 cells Recommended Value: 28

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Access Grant Channel requirement for the Network depends on the kind of Mode. That is Combined and Non Combined Mode. If combined mode ie (BCCH + SDCCH) then the requirement for AGCH is 1, and is Non Combined mode ie separate BCCH and Separate SDCCH, then AGCH requirement is 2.

This Network has the following settings as listed below. Value Total Cells. 1: 2: 2 cells 4072 cells Recommended Value: 2 The Recommended value is taken as 2, since most of the cells in the GSM network are found to be with Combined Mode.

BFG / TRP:

Prefer BCCH frequency GPRS (BFG) GSM reference: Q3 name: Modification: No ref. preferBCCHfreqGPRS2 You can modify the BFG parameter online when the value of the GENA parameter is N. If the value of the GENA parameter is Y, you must lock the BTS before modifying the BFG parameter. 02 0 With this parameter you define whether the BCCH TRX or other TRXs are preferred in GPRS channel allocation. EQV, EQO

Range: MML default: Description: Related command(s):

TRX priority in TCH allocation (TRP) GSM reference: No ref.

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Q3 name: Modification: Range: MML default: Description: Related command(s):

trxPriorityInTCHAlloc Online 03 0 With this parameter you define whether the BCCH TRX or other TRXs are preferred in traffic channel allocation. EQM, EQO

This Network has the following settings as listed below. Value Total Cells. BFG = No; TRP = 1: 300 cells BFG = No; TRP = 2: 3096 cells BFG = Yes; TRP = 2: 678 cells It is recommended to have at least 2 GTRXs in cells prioritised with BCCH

IFP Idle mode signal strength filter period (IFP)


GSM reference: Q3 name: Modification: Range: MML default: Description: ETS 300 940 (GSM 04.08) TAvgW Online 0...25 9 With this parameter you control the signal strength filter period for power control in the packet idle mode. EUC, EUM, EUO

Related command(s): Note:

OPTIONAL (GPRS)

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This Network has the following settings as listed below. Value Total Cells. 9: 4065 cells 0: 9 cells Recommended Value: 9

TFP
ETS 300 940 (GSM 04.08) TAvgT Online 0...25 13 With this parameter you control the signal strength filter period for power control in the packet transfer mode. EUC, EUM, EUO OPTIONAL (GPRS)
This Network has the following settings as listed below. Value Total Cells. 0: 4065 cells 1: 2 cells 0: 7 cells Recommended Value: 13

Transfer mode signal strength filter period (TFP) GSM reference: Q3 name: Modification: Range: MML default: Description: Related command(s): Note:

NOTE: It is recommended to have at least 2 GTRXs in all cells prioritised as BCCH NOTE: Many cells need additional GTRXs / Value of CDED / CDEF to be increased A sample list (top 50 such cells) is attached herewith NOTE: Also many cells are defined with additional GTRXs than required. This would lead to PCU congestion in future and is hence recommended to be reduced The cells which do not require additional channel seizures (ach_3 = 0) can be reDimensioned to 2 GTRXs after analysing the CDED / CDEF %. A sample list (cells with more than 3 GTRXs) is attached herewith

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2.4

NSEI Plan Review.


Network Service Control Information Elements (IEs)

NSEI plan to be re-worked NSEI should be planned on a geographical basis The Cell sites which are closely located geographically, are expected to have the same NSEI to be used, else may have a possibility of Inter PCU reselection which can constitute to increased signaling and in turn reduction in the overall throughput

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NSEI Current Plan Review:

Few NSEIs have exceeded the capacity (64 cells) as highlighted in the circled regions Many NSEIs have exceeded the recommended threshold (48 cells) as highlighted in the circled regions, while some have very few cells associated to them. PCU re-dimensioning to be done on priority to improve performance and also ensure better utilisation of PCU resources.

2.5

RAC Plan Review.


GSM 04.60

Routing area code (RAC) GSM reference: Q3 name: Modification:

Rac Online

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Range: MML default: Description:

0.. 255 255 With this parameter you define the routing area code in the adjacent cell. In the adjacent cell creation if this parameter is not given and the SEG and the adjacent cell are in the same BSS, the value of this parameter is copied from the SEG. EAC, EAM, EAO

Related command(s): Note:

OPTIONAL (GPRS)

2.6

Paging success rate verses LAC Plan

Few sites have different LACs even amongst their cells as highlighted in the circled regions. This needs to be rectified on priority.

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2.7

Territory Upgrade.

Territory Upgrade Success Rate is 96.338 % 3.662 % of the Territory Upgrade requests are blocked (totally denied) 2.721 % of the Territory Upgrade requests are blocked due to high CS Traffic load 0.940 % of the Territory Upgrade requests are blocked due to lack of PCU Resources (high PCU congestion) 30.529 % of the successful Territory Upgrades are served with lesser radio time slots than requested

PCU Congestion.

CS Traffic.

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2.8 Multi slot allocation


2911
3000

2500

2000

#C e lls 1500

1000

500

65
0
D LMultis lot B locking%

10
>= 5%< 10% 10 >= 10%< 20% 7

7
>= 20% 2

< 1% 2911

>= 1%< 5% 65

B locking %

D LM ultislot B locking%

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DL Multislot Blocking rate is 0.096 % 49 (out of 2992 cells reported) cells have DL Multislot blocking > 1% on a network level This is primarily due to lack of radio resources (insufficient time slots). This can be rectified by TRX addition, & removing faulty / bad time slots from the network (Alarm 7745 may be used for this purpose).

DL Multislot Blocking Low Allocated Success Rate.

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High Blocking:

DL Multislot Allocation Success:


DL Multislot Allocation Success %
900

870

869

800

700

590
600

500

# Cells
400

395

300

200

148 120

100

0
DL Mult islot Allocat ion Success %

>= 99% 870

>= 90% < 99% 120

>= 80% < 90% 395

>= 70% < 80% 869

>= 60% < 70% 590

< 60% 148

Blocking %

DL Multislot Allocation Success %

DL Multislot Allocation Success rate is 81.245 % 990 (out of 2992 cells reported) cells have DL Multislot Allocation success > 90 % on a network level Majority of the requests are not entirely denied, but served with lesser Tsl. This can be improved if equipped with more than 1 GTRX / cell

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2.9

Sleeping Cells
Two main categories Sleeping GPRS (filter N0) ava_71 No data activity (filter N1) ava_72 Sleeping GPRS (ava_71) further divided into the following sub-categories Zero TSL (N10) Bouncing GPRS (N20) High UL TBF Establishment Fail (N30) UL no DL (N40) High DL TBF Fail (N50)

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The above analysis is done using Nokia ND Report 239.

2.10
1400

EDAP Congestion
TBFs wit hout EDAP DL

1225 1200

1000

915

800 # Cells 600 518 390

400 222 200 153 66 0 TBFs w it hout EDAP DL 118

5 153

49 66

6 518

34 222 BSC

1 118

2 1225
TBFs w ithout EDAP DL

5 390

10 915

TBFs w it h in adeq. EDAP DL


120000 119929

100000 88265 80000

# Cells

60000

61714

40000

41350 36097 28013 22574 27838 27739 20573 12844 10453 11994 27971

20000

13658

13421 13946

17472 12775

0
T B F s wit h inadeq. ED A P D L

15 41350

18 22574

8 13658

4 88265

2 13421

44 13946

79 12775

10 17472

3 28013

18 27838

72 12844

46 10453

11 36097

5 27739

6 20573

6 119929

1 27971

5 11994

10 61714

BSC

TBFs w it h in adeq. EDAP DL

High no. of rejections are observed due to inadequate / no EDAP resource. Multislot allocation and throughput get affected due to this Capacity enhancement would be required for these cells Recommended to have adequate Abis pool devices for EGPRS High rejections also observed due to lack of PCU resources PCU re-dimensioning to be done on priority

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TBF without EDAP DL

TBF with inadequate EDAP DL

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Limited by PCU

2.11

Gb Utilization Most of the Gb links are with CIR of either 64k or 128k Certain links have crossed their threshold levels or are nearing them as highlighted in the circular regions Recommended to increase the capacity on these links

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2.12

Recommendations:

It is recommended to configure GPRS on BCCH TRX, provided there is no limitation on the PCU Since the power on the BCCH TRX is maintained to be constant, the signaling happens in a good RF environment, as compared to Non-BCCH TRX The BCCH carrier, is also maintained to be cleaner than the hopping TCH layer, thereby reducing the interference on the BCCH layer It is recommended to have at least 2 GTRXs in all cells prioritised as BCCH Since the TSLs available on the BCCH TRX is limited, it is recommended to have at least 2 GTRXs, to assist in territory upgrades Geographical allocation of RAC and NSEI This will aid in better utilisation of the PCU resources, thereby enhancing the performance of the network PCU re-dimensioning to be done on priority This will aid in better utilisation of the PCU resources, thereby enhancing the performance of the network

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3.

Parameter Audit.

Different Nokia Parameters are audited for their better Performnace with the Help of statistics analysis and Field Test Trials.

3.1

Transcoder Optimization.

XCDR Optimization (ITCF). Performance Report Idea Cellular Delhi 23rd-July-2007

Stenin.N.P Networks, and Service Optimipation. Nokia.India.


For internal use 1 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

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Transcoder Optimization was carried out on several BSCs of Idea Cellular Delhi which was Dropping calls on the basic of Transcoder Failure:Parameter Fine tuning was carried out on the BSC Level with the help of Parameter ITCF (Number of Ignored Transcoder Fail) . This Parameter is used to check how many Transcoder Failure the system will receive before it Releases a particular calls.

Explanation:

After a speech path connection has been established between the BTS and the TC, they try to align with each other to enable speech coding both in uplink and downlink directions. If the alignment procedure fails, speech decoding also fails and speech is no longer audible. In this case, the BTS sends CONNECTION_FAILURE_INDICATION message to the BSC. The BSC requests for a clearing and then releases the resources connected to the call. The cause field in this failure indication message is "REMOTE TRANSCODER FAIL When more aggressive HR is introduced, due to the interference in the air interface and signaling messages can be lost. Re-sending the messages one or more times can lengthen the call establishment dramatically and this might lead to trigger of REMOTE TRANSCODE FAIL counters.

Description:ITCF:-Number of ignored transcoder Failures.


This parameter defines ,how many successive remote transcoder failure the BSC may receive before releasing the particular Call. Range: 0 to 5 Default: 0. Nokia Tested (2)

For internal use 2 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

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IT C F P a r a m e te r fro m M M L : W ith th e h e lp o f m m l c o m m a n d Z E E O :A L L , th e s ta tu s o f IT C F c a n b e fo u n d o n th e B S C L e v e l.

F or in t er n a l u s e 1 N o k ia S ie m e n s N e t w o r k s

P r es e n t a tio n / A u t h o r / D a t e

P e r fo r m a n c e P lo t B D 0 1 7 :

F o r in t e r n a l u s e 4 N o k ia S ie m e n s N e t w o r k s

P r e s e n t a tio n / A u t h o r / D a t e

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P e r fo r m a n c e P lo t B D 0 1 9 :

F o r in t e r n a l u s e 5 N o k ia S ie m e n s N e t w o r k s

P r e s e n t a tio n / A u t h o r / D a t e

P e r f o r m a n c e P lo t B D 0 1 8 :

F o r in t e r n a l u s e 6 N o k ia S ie m e n s N e t w o r k s

P r e s e n t a tio n / A u t h o r / D a t e

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P e r fo r m a n c e P lo t B D 0 2 0 :

F o r in t e r n a l u s e 7 N o k ia S ie m e n s N e tw o r k s

P r e s e n ta tio n / A u th o r / D a te

TCH Drop Netw ork Level Idea Cellular Delhi:

TCH Drop call Improvement

F or internal us e 10 N okia Siem ens N etworks

Pres entation / A uthor / D ate

Thus there was improvement on TCH Drop which was due to Transcoder failure, and there by enhancing TCH Drop Call Performance on the Network Level.

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3.2

Rx Level Min Cell (SL).

Parameter Optimization Performance Reprot. Rx_Lev_Min_cell (SL) Idea Cellular Delhi 31st-July-2007

Stenin N.P Nokia Siemens Network.


For internal use 1 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

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Rx_Level_Min_Cell (SL) ,Optimization Performance :Rx_Level_Min_Cell (SL) Parameters was fine tuned for Four BSCs (BSC02 ,BSC05 ,BSC15,BSC12) for Idea Cellular Delhi Network.

Description :Rx_Lev_Min_Cell (SL):This Parameter defines the minimum signal level of an adjacent cell when an handover is allowed to the Neighboring cell. Range: -110 to -47 dBm. Default: -100 dBm. Nokia Tested (-92dBm) Note : The Value for SL can be Fine tuned to a value of -96dBm for Border Cells in the network for better Performance Enhancement.

Expected Improvement:- With this Parameter fine tuning there should be improvement in Handover success Rate and also Enhancement in drop Call which were dropping due to handover.

For internal use 2 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

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H a n d o v e r Im p r o v e m e n t (B S C 0 5 ): -

B S C - 0 5 - H O S R IM P R O V E M E N T
10000 6 5 1000 4

ERL

d a te o f im p lim e n ta tio n

100

3 2

10 1 1
7 -0 7 -1 0 6 7 -0 7 -1 0 7 7 -0 7 -1 0 5 7 -0 7 -1 0 8 7 -0 7 -1 0 9 7 -0 7 -2 0 0 7 -0 7 -2 0 1 7 -0 7 -2 0 2 7 -0 7 -2 0 3 7 -0 7 -2 0 4 7 -0 7 -2 0 5 7 -0 7 -2 0 6 7 -0 7 -2 0 7 7 -0 7 -2 0 8 7 -0 7 -2 0 9 7 -0 7 -3 0

T C H T r a f f ic ( E lr )

T C H d ro p

S d cch D ro p

H O F A IL

P o ly . ( H O F A I L )

F o r in t e r n a l u s e 3 N o k ia S ie m e n s N e tw o r k s

P r e s e n t a tio n / A u t h o r / D a t e

D r o p c a ll d u e to H a n d o v e r : Im p r o v e m e n t ( B S C 0 5 ) .

F o r in t e r n a l u s e 4 N o k ia S ie m e n s N e t w o r k s

P r e s e n t a tio n / A u t h o r / D a t e

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B S C -0 2 H O S R Im p r o v e m e n t
D e g r a d a ti o n is d u e to R e -H o m in g . R e s o l v e d o n 3 0 th

10000

7 6 % 5 4

E rl 1000

100

d a te o f im p lim e n t a t io n

3 2 1

10

2 0 0 7 -0 7 -1 6

2 0 0 7 -0 7 -1 7

2 0 0 7 -0 7 -1 5

2 0 0 7 -0 7 -1 8

2 0 0 7 -0 7 -1 9

2 0 0 7 -0 7 -2 0

2 0 0 7 -0 7 -2 1

2 0 0 7 -0 7 -2 2

2 0 0 7 -0 7 -2 3

2 0 0 7 -0 7 -2 4

2 0 0 7 -0 7 -2 5

2 0 0 7 -0 7 -2 6

2 0 0 7 -0 7 -2 7

2 0 0 7 -0 7 -2 8

2 0 0 7 -0 7 -2 9

2 0 0 7 -0 7 -3 0

T C H T ra f f i c ( E l r)

T C H d ro p

S d c c h D ro p

H O FA IL

P o ly. (H O F A IL )

F o r in t e r n a l u s e 5 N o k ia S ie m e n s N e tw o r k s

P r e s e n t a ti o n / A u t h o r / D a t e

D ro p c a ll d u e to H a n d o v e r : Im p ro v e m e n t ( B S C 0 2 ) .

F or in ter n a l u s e 6 N o k ia S ie m e n s N e tw o r ks

P r es e n ta tio n / A u th o r / D a te

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H a n d o v e r Im p r o v e m e n t (B S C 1 5 ): -

B S C - 0 1 5 - H O S R IM P R O V E M E N T
10000 1000 7 6 5 4
d a te o f im p lim e n ta tio n

ER L

100 10 1
-0 7

3 2 1

-1 0

6 7 -0 7

-1 0

7 7 -0 7

-1 0

5 7 -0 7

-1 0

8 7 -0 7

-1 0

9 7 -0 7

-2 0

0 7 -0 7

-2 0

1 7 -0 7

-2 0

2 7 -0 7

-2 0

3 7 -0 7

-2 0

4 7 -0 7

-2 0

5 7 -0 7

-2 0

6 7 -0 7

-2 0

7 7 -0 7

-2 0

8 7 -0 7

-3

T C H T ra f f i c ( E l r)

S d c c h D ro p

T C H d ro p

H O FA IL

P o ly. (H O F A IL )

F o r in t e r n a l u s e 7 N o k ia S ie m e n s N e tw o r k s

P r e s e n t a tio n / A u t h o r / D a t e

H a n d o v e r Im p r o v e m e n t ( B S C 1 2 ) : -

B S C -0 1 2 H O S R Im p rov e m e n t
10000 7 6 1000 5 4 100
d a te o f im p lim e n ta tio n

3 2 1

10

1
-0 7 2 -1 0

6 7 -0 7 2

-1 0

7 7 -0 7 2

-1 0

5 7 -0 7

-1 0

8 7 -0 7 2

-1 0

9 7 -0 7 2

-2 0

0 7 -0 7 2

-2 0

1 7 -0 7

-2 0

2 7 -0 7 2

-2 0

3 7 -0 7 2

-2 0

4 7 -0 7 2

-2 0

5 7 -0 7

-2 0

6 7 -0 7 2

-2 0

7 7 -0 7 2

-2 0

8 7 -0 7 2

-2 0

9 7 -0 7

-3

T C H T r a f f ic ( E lr )

T C H d ro p

S d cch D ro p

H O F A IL

P o ly . ( H O F A IL )

F o r in t e r n a l u s e 9 N o k ia S ie m e n s N e t w o r k s

P r e s e n t a tio n / A u t h o r / D a t e

Thus this Parameter can be implemented, Network Wide of Idea Cellular Delhi for Better Handover Performance Enhancement and Drop Call Due to Handover.

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3.3 LAPD T200 Timer Optimization.

LAPD-T200 Timer Optimization Performance Report Idea Cellular Delhi 20th-July-2007

Stenin.NP. Nokia Siemens Networks.


For internal use 1 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Optimization of LAPD-T200 Timer, LAPD-N200 along with LAPD-k Value:Fine tuning of Timer LAPD-T200 to enhance SDCCH Drop call rate on BSC18 Idea Cellular Delhi Network.

Minimum Software requirement: NOTE: - To have the Timer LAPD-T200 Modified or to view, the minimum software Requirements are. BSC Software: S11.5 CD 4.2 BTS Software: CX 4.1 CD 2.0 Discription:LAPD-T200 Timer:The Timer T200 Can be optimized to achieve a Maximum time the LAPD (Layer-2) transmitter (at the BSC) will wait for an acknowledgment before making a retransmission.

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Range: 220ms to 1000 msec Default: 220ms. Nokia Tested (780ms) T200 FACCH = 780ms T200 SDCCH = 780ms LAPD-N200 Counter:The counter N200 is used to achieve a maximum number of Retransmission a transmitter will make. LAPD-K Value:The K Value decides the maximum number of unacknowledgement frames a transmitter will allow before holding up the transmission. The K value is has dependency on the SAPI (Service access Point Identifier)

SDCCH Enhancement after timer T200 was finetuned appropriately from 0ms to 780ms (for both FACCH and SDCCH

For internal use 4 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

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T 2 0 0 P e rfo rm a n c e e n h a n c e m e n t :
W ith n o D e g r a d a tio n in T C H D r o p f o r th is P a r tic u la r B S C 1 8 .

F o r in t e r n a l u s e 5 N o k ia S ie m e n s N e tw o r k s

P r e s e n t a tio n / A u t h o r / D a t e

Thus this Timer T-200 can be finetuned, Network Wide of Idea Cellular Delhi for Better SDCCH Performance Enhancement

3.4

Level and Quality Handover Decission Analysis.

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HANDOVER DETECTION ANALYSIS USING WINDOW, WEIGHTING, THRESHOLD, & NX / PX - OPTIMIZATION PERFORMANCE FOR LEVEL AND QUALITY HANDOVER CRITERIA. IDEA CELLULAR DELHI. 24th Aug 2007 .

Stenin.N.P Networks, and Service Optimipation. Nokia.India

H A N D O V E R O P T IM IZ A T IO N P E R F O R M A N C E , F O R D IF F E R E N T H A N D O V E R C R IT E R IA : ID E A C E L L U L A R D E L H I.

2 4

th

A u g 2 0 0 7 .

F o r in t e r n a l u s e 2 N o k ia S ie m e n s N e tw o r k s

P r e s e n ta tio n / A u th o r / D a te

The Window and Weighting have dependency on the raw measurement done on the SACCH (480msec) for different Handover Criterias.

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Power Budget UL Power Budget DL Quality Handover UL Quality Handover DL Level Handover UL Level Handover DL Interference Handover UL Interference Handover DL Distance Handover UL Distance Handover DL. Each of these Handover Criteria have parameters which can be fine tuned such as Window size ,Weighting , Threshold and NX and PX Value appropriately for better Performance in Handover of a cellular Network. The analysis done is for Level and Quality based handover.

Statistics from ND 204,with cause values for Handover, Idea Cellular Delhi:-

[ CASE I ]
LEVEL HANDOVER IN THE DOWN LINK:

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Parameters associated with Level Handover in the Down Link: LDWS: Level Down link Window Size. LDW:-Weighting. LDR:-Threshold Level Downlink Rx Level. LDP (Px):-Number of samples to be satisfied out of the Nx. LDN (Nx):-Total Number of Averages.

LDWS: Level Down link Window Size:Description:Parameter calculates average value from signal strength in the Downlink Measurement. Window size represents the average window size in SACCH Period . Range: 1 SACCH to 32 SACCH. MML Default: 6 SACCH. Example:If LDWS is set to a value of 6,means that for the consecutive 6 SACCHs in the downlink, it will take in the level and average it to get one value.The next average will happen between 2nd to 7th SACCH period (For next 6 consecutive SACCHs). So in this scenario there will be 6 SACCHs taken into account to make an average as set by LDWS=6 as shown in the diagram below. LDWS: Level Down link Window Size:-

LDW:-Weighting LDW:-Level Down Link Weighting. Description:-

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This Parameter has a dependency on the DTX ( Discontinuous Transmission) If Discontinuous Transmission in the Down link is switched off then the LDW Value should be set to 1, stating all SACCHs taken into consideration. And in cause if Discontinuous Transmission in the Down link is switched on, then the LDW Value should be set to 2 / 3 appropriately, stating blank speech in between, not a continuous Transmission. Range: 1 to 3. MML Default: Value of 1. LDR:-Threshold Level Downlink Rx Level:Description:This Parameter compares the average values of signal strength in the Down link direction for triggering the handover process. In other words with this parameter one can set the threshold for Rx Level in the downlink. The averages has to overcome the value set by this particular parameter LDR. Range: -110 to -47dBm. MML Default: -95 dBm. LDN(Nx):-Total Number of Averages. Description:This Parameter, states number of Averages that have to be taken into account when making a Level based Downlink handover decision. Range: 1 to 32. MML Default: Value of 1. Example:- If the value set is 4, then total of 4 averages are used for decision making. NOTE:-If the decision have to be speeded up or slowed down, this parameter can be reduced or Incremented appropriately. LDP(Px):-Number of samples to be satisfied out of the Nx . Description:This Parameter, states the number of averages that should satisfy the threshold (LDR), out of the Total averages (LDN-NX). Range: 1 to 32. MML Default: Value of 1. Example:- If the value set is 3, then there should be a minimum of 3 averages that should satisfy the threshold of the total of 4 averages (NX) for a decision making for Level based downlink handover. 3(PX) out of 4(NX). NOTE:-NX should always be greater than PX. Diagram showing, how decision is made for Level based Downlink Handover:

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[ CASE II ]
LEVEL HANDOVER IN THE UP LINK:
Parameters associated with Level Handover in the UP Link: LUWS: Level UP link Window Size. LUW:-Weighting. LUR:-Threshold Level UP link Rx Level. LUP (Px):-Number of samples to be satisfied out of the Nx. LUN(Nx):-Total Number of Averages.

LUWS: Level UP link Window Size:Description:Parameter calculates average value from signal strength in the UPlink measurement. Window size represents the average window size in SACCH Period . Range: 1 SACCH to 32 SACCH. MML Default: 6 ( SACCH Period ). Example:-

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If LUWS is set to a value of 6,means that for the consecutive 6 SACCHs in the UP link, it will take in the level and average it to get one value.The next average will happen between 2nd to 7th SACCH period (For next 6 consecutive SACCHs). So in this scenario there will be 6 SACCHs taken into account to make an average as set by LUWS=6 . LUW:-Weighting. LUW:-Level UP Link Weighting. Description:This Parameter has a dependency on the DTX ( Discontinuous Transmission) If Discontinuous Transmission in the UP link is switched off then the LUW Value should be set to 1,stating all SACCHs taken into consideration. And in cause if Discontinuous Transmission in the UP link is switched On, then the LUW Value should be set to 2 / 3 appropriately, stating blank speech in between, not a continuous Transmission. Range: 1 to 3. MML Default: Value of 1. LUR:-Threshold Level UP link Rx Level:Description:This Parameter compares the average values of signal strength in the UP link direction for triggering the handover process. In other words with this parameter one can set the threshold for Rx Level in the UP link. The averages has to overcome the value set by this particular parameter LUR. Range: -110 to -47dBm. MML Default: -95 dBm. LUN (Nx):-Total Number of Averages. Description:This Parameter, states number of Averages that have to be taken into account when making a Level based UP link handover decision. Range: 1 to 32. MML Default: Value of 1. Example:- If the value set is 4, then total of 4 averages are used for decision making. NOTE:-If the decision have to be speeded up or slowed down, this parameter can be reduced or Incremented appropriately. LUP(Px):-Number of samples to be satisfied out of the Nx . Description:This Parameter, states the number of averages that should satisfy the threshold (LUR), out of the Total averages (LUN-NX). Range: 1 to 32. MML Default: Value of 1. Example: - If the value set is 3, then there should be a minimum of 3 averages that should satisfy the threshold of the total of 4 averages (NX) for a decision making for Level based UP link handover. 3(PX) out of 4(NX).

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NOTE:-NX should always be greater than PX.

[ CASE III ]
QUALITY HANDOVER IN THE DOWN LINK:
Parameters associated with Quality Handover in the Down Link: QDWS: Quality Down link Window Size. QDW:-Weighting. QDR:-Threshold Quality Downlink Rx Qual. QDP(Px):-Number of samples to be satisfied out of the Nx . QDN(Nx):-Total Number of Averages.

QDWS: Quality Down link Window Size:Description:Parameter calculates average value from quality in the Downlink measurement. Window size represents the average window size in SACCH Period. Range: 1 SACCH to 32 SACCH. MML Default: 1 ( SACCH Period ). Example:If QDWS is set to a value of 1,means that for every SACCH (480msec) in the downlink, it will take in the quality. NOTE:-As in cause of Level varies at a very fast rate compared to Rx Quality. Thus for Quality QDWS the default is taken as 1,ie decision taken for every SACCH period. QDW:-Quality Down Link Weighting. Description:This Parameter has a dependency on the DTX ( Discontinuous Transmission) If Discontinuous Transmission in the Down link is switched off then the QDW Value should be set to 1,stating all SACCHs taken into consideration. And in cause if Discontinuous Transmission in the Down link is switched On, then the QDW Value should be set to 2 / 3 appropriately, stating blank speech in between, not a continuous Transmission. Range: 1 to 3. MML Default: Value of 1. QDR:-Threshold Quality Downlink Rx Qual:Description:This Parameter compares the values of signal quality in the Down link direction for triggering the handover process. In other words with this parameter one can set the threshold for Rx Quality in the downlink. This value has to overcome the value set by this particular parameter QDR. Range: 0 to 7. MML Default: 4 (1.6% to 3.2%). QDN (Nx):-Total Number of Averages.

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Description:This Parameter, states number of Averages that have to be taken into account when making a Quality based Downlink handover decision. Range: 1 to 32. MML Default: Value of 6. Example: - If the value set is 6, then total of 6 averages are used for decision making. NOTE:-If the decision have to be speeded up or slowed down, this parameter can be reduced or Incremented appropriately. QDP (PX):-Number of samples to be satisfied out of the Nx. Description:This Parameter, states the number of averages that should satisfy the threshold (QDR), out of the Total averages (QDN-NX). Range: 1 to 32. MML Default: Value of 4. Example: - If the value set is 4, then there should be a minimum of 4 averages that should satisfy the threshold of the total of 6 averages (NX) for a decision making for Quality based downlink handover. 4(PX) out of 6(NX). NOTE:-NX should always be greater than PX. NOTE:-In cause of Level, there are two trailing SACCH considered for decision making .But where as for Quality, the sliding average is done only once as QDWS is by default set to one. Diagram showing, how decision is made for Quality based Downlink Handover:

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[CASE IV]
QUALITY HANDOVER IN THE UP LINK: Parameters associated with Quality Handover in the UP Link: QUWS: Quality UP link Window Size. QUW:-Weighting. QUR:-Threshold Quality UP link Rx Qual. QUP (PX):-Number of samples to be satisfied out of the Nx. QUN (Nx):-Total Number of Averages.

QUWS: Quality UP link Window Size:Description:Parameter calculates average value from quality in the UP link Measurement. Window size represents the average window size in SACCH Period. Range: 1 SACCH to 32 SACCH. MML Default: 1 (SACCH Period). Example:If QUWS is set to a value of 1, means that for every SACCH (480msec) in the UP link, it will take in the quality. NOTE:-As in cause of Level varies at a very fast rate compared to Rx Quality. Thus for Quality QUWS the default is taken as 1, ie decision taken for every SACCH period. QUW:-Weighting. QUW:-Quality UP Link Weighting. Description:This Parameter has a dependency on the DTX (Discontinuous Transmission) If Discontinuous Transmission in the UP link is switched off then the QUW Value should be set to 1, stating all SACCHs taken into consideration. And in cause if Discontinuous Transmission in the UP link is switched on, then the QUW Value should be set to 2 / 3 appropriately, stating blank speech in between, not a continuous Transmission. Range: 1 to 3. MML Default: Value of 1. QUR:-Threshold Quality UP link Rx Qual:Description:This Parameter compares the values of signal quality in the UP link direction for triggering the handover process. In other words with this parameter one can set the threshold for Rx Quality in the UP link. This value has to overcome the value set by this particular parameter QUR. Range: 0 to 7. MML Default: 4 (1.6% to 3.2%).

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QUN (Nx):-Total Number of Averages. Description:This Parameter, states number of Averages that have to be taken into account when making a Quality based UP link handover decision. Range: 1 to 32. MML Default: Value of 6. Example: - If the value set is 6, then total of 6 averages are used for decision making. NOTE:-If the decision have to be speeded up or slowed down, this parameter can be reduced or Incremented appropriately. QUP (PX):-Number of samples to be satisfied out of the Nx. Description:This Parameter, states the number of averages that should satisfy the threshold (QUR), out of the Total averages (QUN-NX). Range: 1 to 32. MML Default: Value of 4. Example: - If the value set is 4, then there should be a minimum of 4 averages that should satisfy the threshold of the total of 6 averages (NX) for a decision making for Quality based UP link handover. 4(PX) out of 6(NX). NOTE:-NX should always be greater than PX. NOTE:-In cause of Level, there are two trailing SACCH considered for decision making .But where as for Quality, the sliding average is done only once as QUWS is by default set to one.
H A N D O V E R D IS T R IB U T IO N B E F O R E A N D A F T E R O P T IM IZ A T IO N (N e tw o r k L e v e l) :-

F or in t er n a l u s e 24 N o k ia S ie m e n s N e t w o r k s

P r es e n t a tio n / A u t h o r / D a t e

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Thus these parameters can be fine tuned appropriately for Level and Quality for better Handover performance. Further fine tuning requirement for improvement Power budget Handover and Handover due to Interference for Both UP Link and Down Link on the Network Level after appropriate.

3.5

IBS Parameter Optimization.

IBS OPTIMIZATION PERFORMANCE , USING UMBRELLA HANDOVER CONCEPT: IDEA CELLULAR DELHI. 4th July 2007 .

UMBRELLA HANDOVER CONCEPT: Umbrella handovers are used in scenarios, in which the handover is to Happen from external server to in building system.

In the umbrella handover concept, the in building system will have to be set as lower layer (Micro) as seen by external server (Macro).

The umbrella handover concept was applied for IBS site HYATREG 2of

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Idea Cellular Delhi Network, where there was performance enhancement seen in Handover and TCH Drop Call. Parameter used for fine tuning:

The above param eters are explained in the previous session, on their operations.

Performance Enhancement Plot:

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P e rfo rm a n c e E n h a n c e m e n t P lo t:

F or in ter n a l u s e 6 N o k ia S ie m e n s N e tw o r ks

P r es e n ta tio n / A u th o r / D a te

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Performance Enhancement Plot:

For internal use 7 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Thus there was improvement in Handover and TCH Drop Call for Site HYATREG of Idea Cellular Delhi, with no degradation in performance of the neighboring sites.

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3.5

IBS Design Verification and Analysis

The basis IBS Design verification was carried out for one of the IBS Cell at Idea cellular Delhi Network for performance enhancement.

SUMMARY

In- Building survey was conducted for the Park Royal Hotel, Delhi. Summery of this survey is as follows: Idea is having own IBS implemented in this Bldg. Due to uneven EIRP & improper IBS design there are some poor coverage areas inside the Bldg. & on the window of rooms.

To improve the coverage & performance of this IBS site we had re-designed the Park Royal IBS. This design gives sufficient & even EIRP to all planned antennas inside the bldg. As at present we are not having access to put antennas inside the Hotel rooms so we may not have sufficient indoor coverage at the window of rooms to avoid Idea customer to camp or latch on outdoor signal. On these windows at present we are facing PingPong condition.

After implementation of new design if we face same problem on the window of Hotel, then we propose the dedicated outdoor site to give the proper indoor coverage inside the rooms. For the implementation of proposed new IBS design at Hotel Park Royal Hotel, we require IDEA Delhi team help to get access inside the building & floor plan of all floors of this Hotel. Also we require some extra IBS material.

As per new design antennas are having EIRP between 14 to 19 dBm. In old design EIRP was 0 dBm to 10 dBm.

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BTS CONFIGURATION DETAIL FORM.

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The Trunking diagram was modified appropriately with a new Design for better efficacy, by having the Metro cell replaced by ultra cell adding in more capacity.And also by splitting the sector to have a constatnt and high EIRP appropriately.
PA RK RO YA L H O TEL D ELH I T R U N K IN G D IA G R A M U L T R A M IN I BTS SECTO R 1

LEVEL 3

A
15m

SH AFT 1 SH AFT 2 SH AFT 3 SH AFT 4

B C D

5m

A 1 -L 4

1 9 .8 5 d B m

A
15 m

5m 10m

A 1 -L 5

1 9 .3 d B m

5m 5m 10m 30m 5m

A 1 -L 6

1 9 .8 5 d B m

A 1 -L 7

1 9 .3 d B m

A 1 -L 8

1 9 .8 5 d B m

5m 10m 15m 5m 5m 10m A 1 -L 1 0 1 9 .8 5 d B m 1 9 .3 d B m

A 1 -L 9

A 1 -L 1 1

1 9 .3 d B m

L E V E L 4 T O L E V E L 1 1 - G U E ST F L O O R S -SH A F T 1

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PA R K R O YA L H O TEL D ELH I TRUNK ING DIAG RAM


10 A2 -L4 17.75dBm 18.3 dB m

20m

5m 10m

A2 -L5

A2 -L6

17.75 dBm

10m A2 -L7 30m 5m 5m 10m 10m A2 -L8 A2 -L9 19.4 dB m 19.95 dBm 19.4 dB m

A2 -L10 A2 -L11

18.85 dBm 19.4 dB m

10m

5m 10m

A2 -L12

18.85 dBm

LEVEL 4 TO LEVEL 12- G UEST FLO O RS-SH AFT 2

5m

A3 -L4

19.85dBm

C
15 m

5m 10m

A3 -L5

19.3 dB m

5m 5m 10m 30m 5m

A3 -L6

19.85 dBm

A3 -L7

19.3 dB m

A3 -L8

19.85 dBm

5m 10m 15m 5m 5m 10m A3 -L10 19.85 dBm

A3 -L9

19.3 dB m

A3 -L11

19.3 dB m

LEVEL 4 TO LEVEL 11- G UEST FLO O RS-SH AFT 3

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P A R K R O YA L H O TEL D ELH I TR U N K IN G D IA G R AM

5m

A4 -L4

19.85 dB m

D
15 m

5m 10m

A4 -L5

19.3 dB m

5m 5m 10m 30m 5m

A4 -L6

19.85 dB m

A4 -L7

19.3 dB m

A4 -L8

19.85 dB m

5m 10m 15m 5m 5m 10m A4 -L10 19.85 dB m

A4 -L9

19.3 dB m

A4 -L11

19.3 dB m

L E V E L 4 TO L E V EL 11- G U E ST FLO O R S-SH A FT 4

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P A R K R O Y A L H O T EL D ELH I T R U N K IN G D IA G R AM U L T R A M IN I BTS SE C T O R 2

LEVEL 3

5m

A1 -L0

1 5 .3 5 dB m

10m 10m 30m 10m

A2 -L0

1 4 .8 dB m

LEVEL - 0 10d B
10m

40m

A3 -L0

1 4 .6 dB m

10m 15m

A4 -L0

1 4 ..9 dB m

15m 40m 5m 20m 40m 45m

A5 -L0

1 4 .4 dB m

A6 -L0

1 5 .5 dB m

A7 -L0

1 4 .1 dB m

A1 -L1 5m 15m 15m 15m 30m 40m 30m

1 8 .2 dB m

A2 -L1

1 7 .2 dB m

L E V E L 1- B A NQ UE T FLO O R

A3 -L1

1 6 .2 dB m

A4 -L1

1 6 .2 dB m

7d B

10m 5m A5 -L1 5m 30m 30m 25m A6 -L1 1 8 .7 dB m 1 7 .9 dB m

A7 -L1

1 7 .2 dB m

T O LE V EL S 1

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PA R K R O YA L H O TEL D ELH I T R U N K IN G D IA G R A M

F R O M L EV EL 1

L E V E L S1
5m 20m

20m A 1 -L S1 30m 20m A 2 -L S1 A 3 -L S1 1 6 .6 dB m 1 5 . 5 dB m 1 6 .6 dB m

7d B

10m 20m A 4 -L S1 A 5 -L S1 1 7 .1 dB m 1 7 .7 dB m

15m

15m 30m

A 6 -L S1

1 6 .0 dB m

5m 15m

10m

A 1 -L S2

1 8 .9 dB m

15m

A 2 -L S2

1 8 .3 5 dB m

L E V E L - S2- H E AL TH C L UB
5m 20m 40m 30m 25m 35m 10m A 5 -L S2 A 6 -L S2 1 4 .1 dB m 1 8 dB m A 3 -L S2 1 6 .3 dB m

A 4 -L S2

1 4 .6 5 dB m

A 7 -L S2 -H C 1 5 .8 dB m

45m 10m 5m A 8 -L S2 -H C 1 5 .8 dB m A 9 -L S2 -H C 1 5 .8 dB m

T O LE V EL B 2

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PA RK RO YA L H O TEL D ELH I T R U N K IN G D IA G R A M

FRO M LEVELS2

LEVEL B2
5m 25m

10m A 1 -L 7 15m 20m 15m 15m A 1 -L 1 1 8 .5 d B m A 1 -L 8 A 1 -L 9 1 6 .5 d B m 1 5 .9 d B m 1 5 .4 d B m

7dB

20m 30m

A 2 -L 1

1 6 .9 d B m

10m 40m

A 1 -L 1

1 6 .0 d B m

LEVEL B1

25m

A 2 -L 1

1 4 .3 d B m

The EIRP before plan was unevenly distributed with some nodes having very low EIRP when compared to some nodes with quite high EIRP, which was finetuned in the new design appropriately with the help of 2 ways to 3 ways couplers.Sectorisation helped in power increment and Capacity enhancement as well.

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3.7

RLT & ARLT Analysis Report.

RLT(RADIO LINK TIMEOUT) AND ARLT (AMR RADIO LINK TIMEOUT) TEST REPORT AND ANALYSIS. IDEA CELLULAR DELHI. 29th Aug 2007 .

Stenin.N.P Networks, and Service Optimipation. Nokia.India

Parameter Description: RLT:-Radio Link Timeout:Parameter (RLT) Radio Link Timeout can be fine tuned appropriately to have performance enhancement on the Drop Call for cells tending to Drop High on TCH. Description:This Parameter defines the maximum value of radio link counter expressed in SACCH frame. Range: 0 to 64 SACCH. With a step size of 4 SACCH. MML Default: Value of 4. Nokia Tested 20 SACCH

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ARLT: AMR Radio Link Timeout:Similarly (ARLT) AMR Radio Link Timeout can be fine tuned appropriately to have performance enhancement on the Drop Call for cells tending to Drop High on TCH with AMR Implemented. Description:This Parameter defines the maximum value of radio link counter expressed in SACCH frame for AMR Calls. Range: 4 to 64 SACCH. With a step size of 4 SACCH. MML Default: Value of 20. Nokia Tested 36 SACCH MML COMMANDE @ BSC FOR RLT & ARLT:

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Performance Improvement with RLT Fine tuning.

The below performance plot shows how cells had performance enhancement TCH_COMPLETION_RATE after fine tuning RLT from value of 20 to 24 SACCH

Cells improvement in the TCH_Completion_Ratio after RLT Fine tuned.

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The above Diagram shows how RLT is incremented (Steps of 2) on successful decoding of a SACCH, and also Decrement (Steps of 1) on unsuccessful decoding of Consecutive SACCH. Similarly ARLT was fine tuned from a value of 20 SACCH to 36 SACCH on the Network Level for Idea Cellular Delhi Network with enhancement in TCH_COMPLETION_RATIO as shown in the Performance plot below.

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Performance Improvement with ARLT Fine tuning.


TCHCom pletion R atio.
92.00 89.00 86.00 83.00 80.00 77.00 74.00 71.00 68.00 65.00 62.00 59.00 56.00 53.00 50.00
/07 4/07 4/07 5/07 5/07 5/07 5/07 5/07 5/07 5/07 5/07 5/07 5/07 6/07 6/07 6/07 6/07 6/07 6/07 6/07 6/07 6/07 6/07 7/07 7/07 7/07 7/07 /04 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 /0 23 26 29 02 05 08 11 14 17 20 23 26 29 01 04 07 10 13 16 19 22 25 28 01 04 07 10

A RLTFinetunned to a value of 36, dated 7th A ug 2007.

TCHCompletion Ratio.

For internal use 7 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

Thus optimizing RLT and ARLT parameters can bring in enhancement in performance on TCH_COMPLETION_RATIO (TCH Drop Call) appropriately

3.8

CONGESTION RELIEF USING TRHO.

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CONGECTION RELIEF USING (TRHO) TRAFFIC REASON HANDOVER, TEST REPORT AND ANALYSIS. IDEA CELLULAR DELHI. 30th Aug 2007 .

Stenin.N.P Networks, and Service Optim ipation. Nokia.India

Advantage of TRHO:-

Distributes traffic between cells in close proximity.Increases coverage area of under utilized target cell. Reduces congested coverage area of a particular cell.

Parameter setting for Congested Cell:

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1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7)

AMH Upper Load Threshold => AUT. AMH Max Load of Target Cell => AML. AMH TRHO Guard Time => TGT. THRO Target Level {n} => TRHO. Rx Level Min Cell {n} => SL. AMH TRHO Pbdgt Margin {n} =>ATPM. Ho Margin Pbdgt {n} => PMRG.

Parameter setting for Under Utilized Cell: 1) Ho Margin Pbdgt {n} => PMRG. Parameter Setting at the Switch:MML Commands. To View: ZEPO; To Modify: 1) ZEPI; BTS=Source & Target cell id RI=ON; RIM=PER. 2) ZEPH; BTS=Source cell id TRHO=ON; OUCT=98. 3) ZEPH; BTS=Target cell id TRHI=ON. Parameter Description: TRHO: AMH TRHO TARGET LEVEL:This Parameter defines the minimum signal level when a traffic reason handover is allowed to an adjacent cell. This parameter is set in the Neighbor defined in the Source Cell. Range: -109 to -47(dBm). N (Not used) MML Default: N (Not in use) Tested value -85dBm.

AMH Advance Multilayer Handling:AMH Consists of three different features, related to network Load. a) BSC Initiated TRHO. b) IUO Load Control (Intelligent Underlay Overlay) c) Multilayer Load Control (Dual band network operation) AMH provided both Capacity and Coverage by distributing traffic evenly over the network. Used especially in 1) Multi band (GSM 900/ GSM 800) 2) Micro cellular or Multilayer (IUO) Network. AMH is used to relief load of a congested cell. AMH Dynamically distributes traffic to appropriate cell / Layer / Frequency band according to load in the Network. To avoid additional handover, back to heavy loaded cell, the AMH has a particular penalty system. Thus mobiles cannot be directed back to original heavy loaded cell before the penalty timer expires. TRHO: AMH TRHO TARGET LEVEL:This Parameter defines the minimum signal level when a traffic reason handover is allowed to an adjacent cell. This parameter is set in the Neighbor defined in the Source Cell.

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Range: -109

to -47(dBm). N (Not used) MML Default: N (Not in use) Tested value -85 dBm. AUT: AMH Upper Load Threshold:This Parameter defines the upper threshold for load of the Base station .This parameter triggers, BSC Controlled traffic reason handover. In other words, the Traffic reason handover will get triggered in the Congested (Source) cell, when the load of this source cell goes above set value in the AUT (say source cell loaded more than 80%, triggrs TRHO). Range: 0 to 100 or N (Not used) MML Default: N (Not in use) Tested value 80. AML: AMH Max Load Of Target Cell:This Parameter defines maximum traffic load in the adjacent cell that is allowed to be the target cell for Traffic reason handover. In other words, when the Traffic reason handover get triggered in the Congested (Source) cell with AUT 80, the target cell where the traffic should be distributed should not be loaded more than 60. Range: 0 to 100 or N (Not used) MML Default: N (Not in use) Tested value 60. TGT: TRHO Guard Time:This Parameter defines the guard time after a BSC-controlled or an MSC-controlled TRHO, during which a handover back to the original cell is not allowed. In other words the MS will not be directed back to the original heavy loadad cell until the time set by TGT is attained.If TGT set to 20 sec, then the handover from target back to source will happen after 20 sec only. Range: 0 to 120 Sec. MML Default: 30 Tested value 20. SL: Rx level min cell:This Parameter defines the minimum signal level of an adjacent cell when a handover is allowed to the Neighboring cell Range: -110 to -47 dBm. MML Default: -100 Tested value -92 dBm. ATPM:AMH TRHO Pbdgt Margin:This Parameter defines the guard time after a BSC-controlled or an MSC-controlled TRHO, during which a handover back to the original cell is not allowed. In other words the MS will not be directed back to the original heavy loadad cell until the time set by TGT is attained.If TGT set to 20 sec, then the handover from target back to source will happen after 20 sec only. Range: -24 to 24 dBm. Or N. MML Default: N (Not active)

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Tested value -6dBm. MML COMMAND @ SWITCH, ZEPO.

RI: Resource Indication Function:-

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Range: On/Off MML Default: Off RIM: Resource Indication Method:Range: No Indication. Per=Periodic Indication MML Default: No Indication TRHO: Traffic Reason Ho function from Cell:-

Range: On / Off MML Default: Off TRHI: Traffic Reason Ho function to Cell:-

Range: On / Off MML Default: Off OUTC: Out Criterion:-

Range: MML Default: 10% Nokia Tested 98%

TRHO handover statistics ND 155 Check report ND 222 Thus Congestion forms Healy loaded cell can be relived using TRHO appropriately for evenly distribution of traffic in the Cellular Network.

4.

Optimizer Cycle

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OPTIMIZER CYCLE 2

Date:15th Oct 2007 Stenin. Nokia Siemens Networks.

General Information:
Optimizer 2.0 was run for Idea Cellular Delhi Network, with measurements enabled for consecutive three days having the Network Freeze for this duration. Optimizer had plans generated for: TCH & BCCH Frequency Plan BSIC Plan. There were also Prediction's made for Cell sites that were planned for the month of Oct 2007, yet to be rolled out.

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There were several iterations run for better efficacy of Plan and some of the results from the Plan is jotted down along with the Improvement in performance from Statistics extracted form Nokia OSS. Optimizer Results: Idea Cellular Delhi

BCCH & TCH Usage in the New Plan:

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TRXs Interfered, Distribution


The total number of TRXs which were interfered have Come Down in the New Plan. Initially there were about 700 TRXs 100% Interfered which have reduced to about 250 TRXs in this scenario of New Plan.

Performance Enhancement with statistical Report.

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U L & D L Q U A L IT Y Id e a C e llu la r D e lh i.
2 .6 0 2 .5 0 2 .4 0 2 .3 0 2 .2 0
O p tim iz e r C y c le

2 .4 0

2 .2 0

U L Q u a lit y .

2 .0 0 2 .0 0 1 .9 0 1 .8 0 1 .8 0 1 .7 0 1 .6 0 1 .5 0 1 .4 0 1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .6 0

2007-06-18

2007-06-22

2007-06-26

2007-06-30

2007-07-04

2007-07-08

2007-07-12

2007-07-16

2007-07-20

2007-07-24

2007-07-28

2007-08-01

2007-08-05

2007-08-09

2007-08-13

2007-08-17

2007-08-21

2007-08-25

2007-08-29

2007-09-02

2007-09-06

2007-09-10

2007-09-14

2007-09-18

2007-09-22

2007-09-26

2007-09-30

2007-10-04

2007-10-08

1 .2 0

2007-10-12

1 .2 0

Date . U L Q u a lit y D L Q u a lit y Po ly . ( D L Q u a lit y ) Po ly . ( U L Q u a lit y )

H O P e r fo r m a n c e I d e a C e l l u l a r D e l h i :

40000
O p tim iz e r C y c le

38000 36000

34000

32000

30000 28000

26000

24000 22000

2007-06-18

2007-06-22

2007-06-26

2007-06-30

2007-07-04

2007-07-08

2007-07-12

2007-07-16

2007-07-20

2007-07-24

2007-07-28

2007-08-01

2007-08-05

2007-08-09

2007-08-13

2007-08-17

2007-08-21

2007-08-25

2007-08-29

2007-09-02

2007-09-06

2007-09-10

2007-09-14

2007-09-18

2007-09-22

2007-09-26

2007-09-30

2007-10-04

2007-10-08

20000

D a t e ... T C H T r a f f ic ( Elr ) H O F a il Po ly . ( H O F a il)

2007-10-12

7 .8 0 7 .6 0 7 .4 0 7 .2 0 7 .0 0 6 .8 0 6 .6 0 6 .4 0 6 .2 0 6 .0 0 5 .8 0 5 .6 0 5 .4 0 5 .2 0 5 .0 0 4 .8 0 4 .6 0 4 .4 0 4 .2 0 4 .0 0 3 .8 0 3 .6 0 3 .4 0 3 .2 0 3 .0 0 2 .8 0 2 .6 0 2 .4 0 2 .2 0 2 .0 0

D L Q u a lit y .

2 .1 0

H a n d o v e r _ F a ilu r e .

T r a f f ic ( E lr ) .

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TCH & SDCCH DROP:Idea Cellular Delhi.

40000

Optimizer Cycle
37500

35000

32500

30000

27500

25000 18 - 23 - 28 - 03 - 08 - 13 - 18 - 23 - 28 - 02 - 07 - 12 - 17 - 22 - 27 - 01 - 06 - 11 - 16 - 21 - 26 - 01 - 06 - 11 66 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 0 0 0 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -0 7 -1 7 -1 7 -1 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 Date ... TCH Traf f ic (Elr) TCH Drop SD Drop Poly. (TCH Drop) Poly. (SD Drop)

3.00 2.90 2.80 2.70 2.60 2.50 2.40 2.30 2.20 2.10 2.00 1.90 1.80 1.70 1.60 1.50 1.40 1.30 1.20 1.10 1.00 0.90 0.80 0.70 0.60 0.50 0.40 0.30 0.20 0.10 0.00

Thus there was improvement in performance of Uplink Quality, Down Link Quality, Handover, and also on TCH Drop and SDCCH Drop Call on the Network Level.

TCH_Drop , SDCCH_Drop .

Traffic (Elr) .

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5.

EOSFLE (Release 5.52) OPERATION.

EOSFLEX OPERATIONS. Idea Cellular Delhi 11th-May-2007

Stenin.N.P Networks, and Service Optimipation. Nokia.India.


For internal use 1 Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date

EOSFLEX Release 5.52:-Extended Operations Flexible Reporting.

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This Nokia Propriety tools EOSFLEX Release 5.52, helps in extracting statistical Data from a 2G, 2.5G and WCDMA Networks, by querying the Data base server at the Nokia OSS. Different .xml scripts are written for extraction of the required Data from the OSS. The data extraction can be scheduled, with the help of a scheduler for atomizing the stats extraction task, wherein reducing the time requirement for Data extraction. Once a query is made for a particular day for a particular data from the OSS, and the task is carried out for the second time for stats of the same day, the tool reduces the time it will take after the first attempt to query the Data base server, which is time consuming. Note: The output can be extracted as .csv (Excel output).

EOS Scheduler operates with two separate entities.


1) Scheduler Engine. 2) The scheduled content definition.

Note: The engine handles all scheduled jobes.It process scheduled jobs defined in the XML
file. The engine contains of Perl script, supporting modules for Excel, Zip, and mailing interface The engine starts via WIN2K Task scheduler.

The reports Excel file offers.


1) Frozen panes (Column header and date / object identifiers are always available) 2) Web Link 3) support for markup coloring 4) support for number formatting 5) Vertical column header (Space saving) Eos scheduler supports file and directory cleanup.

SCRIPT: There are different tables from which the raw counters are to be extracted.
Some of the commonly used tables are listed:<temp_table create="yes" name="traffic"> <temp_table create="yes" name="ho"> <temp_table create="yes" name="res_avail"> <temp_table create="yes" name="service"> <temp_table create="yes" name="res_access"> <temp_table create="yes" name="pcu"> <temp_table create="yes" name="qual"> <temp_table create="yes" name="rxqual"> <temp_table create="yes" meas_level="" name="mcs">

Way forward with EOSFLES Release 5.52.


Log in using:- http://localhost

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Main Report Selection Window:-

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XML (Script for Voice)


Example shown Script for TCH Drop Call. <!-IDEA BSS Delhi for MAPA, PI for GOS 2G report Created 12-04-2007 by Stenin.N.P Updated 25-04-2007 Agreed KPI on April 2007 --> <conf_file> <column_order> <trf_6></trf_6> <sdcch_comp_ratio></sdcch_comp_ratio> <tch_comp_ratio></tch_comp_ratio> </column_order> <! -- ========================= Tables ================================= --> <temp_table create="yes" name="traffic"> <Counters>

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<counter alias="sdcch_busy_att">sum (sdcch_busy_att) </counter> <counter alias="tch_seiz_due_sdcch_con">sum (tch_seiz_due_sdcch_con) </counter> <counter alias="sdcch_seiz_att">sum(sdcch_seiz_att)</counter> <counter alias="sdcch_radio_fail">sum (sdcch_radio_fail) </counter> <counter alias="que_all_ass_req_att">sum (que_all_ass_req_att) </counter> <counter alias="drop_after_tch_assign">sum (drop_after_tch_assign) </counter> </counters> <table_name>p_nbsc_traffic </table_name> <alias_name>traffic</alias_name> </temp_table><! -- ================= Table ================================== --> <temp_table create="yes" name="ho"> <Counters> <counter alias="msc_i_tch_tch">sum (msc_i_tch_tch) </counter> <counter alias="msc_i_sdcch_tch">sum (msc_i_sdcch_tch) </counter> <counter alias="msc_i_tch_tch_at">sum (msc_i_tch_tch_at) </counter> <counter alias="msc_i_sdcch_tch_at">sum (msc_i_sdcch_tch_at) </counter> <counter alias="msc_i_sdcch_at">sum (msc_i_sdcch_at) </counter> <counter alias="msc_o_tch_tch">sum (msc_o_tch_tch) </counter> <counter alias="msc_o_sdcch_tch">sum (msc_o_sdcch_tch) </counter> <counter alias="cell_call_clr">sum (cell_call_clr) </counter> </counters> <table_name>p_nbsc_ho </table_name> <alias_name>ho</alias_name> </temp_table> <! -- ==================================== Table========================== --> <kpi name="tch_comp_ratio"> <Formula> Nvl (decode (((traffic.tch_norm_seiz +ho.msc_i_sdcch_tch +ho.bsc_i_sdcch_tch +ho.cell_sdcch_tch -traffic.tch_succ_seiz_for_dir_acc +traffic.tch_seiz_due_sdcch_con )), 0, 0+null, 100-100* (Traffic.tch_radio_fail+ Traffic.tch_rf_old_ho+ traffic.tch_abis_fail_call+ traffic.tch_abis_fail_old+ traffic.tch_a_if_fail_call+ traffic.tch_a_if_fail_old+ traffic.tch_tr_fail+ traffic.tch_tr_fail_old+ traffic.tch_lapd_fail+ Traffic.tch_bts_fail+ traffic.tch_user_act+ traffic.tch_bcsu_reset+ traffic.tch_netw_act+ traffic.tch_act_fail_call)

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/ ( traffic.tch_norm_seiz +ho.msc_i_sdcch_tch +ho.bsc_i_sdcch_tch +ho.cell_sdcch_tch -traffic.tch_succ_seiz_for_dir_acc +traffic.tch_seiz_due_sdcch_con) ), null) </formula> <kpi_alias> Tch Comp ratio</kpi_alias> <kpi_format>format %3.2f</kpi_format> <kpi_mark></kpi_mark> <area_level>all</area_level> <kpi_info> <title>Drop Call Ratio (dcr_3i)</title> <use></use> <use_experience></use_experience> <known_problems></known_problems> <open_questions></open_questions> <formula></formula> <pm_class></pm_class> <unit>(%)</unit> <tables> p_nbsc_traffic</tables> </kpi_info> </kpi> <info> <release number="5"/> <maxrows>100</maxrows> <header>Idea_kpi </header> <help_file> about_eosflx.htm</help_file> <csv_title> gos_new </csv_title> <bts_number>20< /bts_number> <csv_rule>reuse</ csv_rule> <wrap_header>on< /wrap_header> <dst>RC</dst> <nokia_counter_id_help_file></nokia_counter_id_help_file> <nokia_counter_db_help_file></nokia_counter_db_help_file> <nokia_kpi_help_file></nokia_kpi_help_file> <external_kpi_help_file></external_kpi_help_file> <report_version></report_version> <min_obj_agg>BTS</min_obj_agg> <nw_tp>2g</nw_tp> <obj_number>20</obj_number> <bts_number>20</bts_number> <implementation>2g_ran</implementation> <addon_sorting></addon_sorting> <help_text><!-- <br> --> </help_text> </info> <! -- ============================ end =============================== --> </conf_file>

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Note: The above script is saves @ D:\raproot\conf\nrbasic\eosflx\2g_ran\reports

The ui_conf.xml file


<Conf> <release number ="5.5"/> <dsn> <name dst="RC_2G" raw_data="yes" agg_data="yes">idea_nw_rc</name> </dsn> <xml_file> <report dst="" name="Idea GPRS KPI"> idea_gprs.xml</report> <report dst="" name="Idea GOS Report"> idea_gos.xml</report> <report dst="" name="Idea EDGE"> idea_edge.xml</report> <report dst="" name="Idea_Cellular KPI2"> idea_KPI2.xml</report> <report dst="" name="Idea_Cellular KPI3"> idea_KPI3.xml</report> <report dst="" name="Idea_edge"> idea_KPI3.xml</report> </xml_file> <!--the date format for America is MM/DD/YYYY, for Europe is DD/MM/YYYY for international is YYYY/MM/DD --> <date_format name ="europe"/> </conf>

Note: The above script is used for display in the Main report selection window. After script is run to fetch report is stored @ D:\raproot\apps\scheduler\log\01.05.2007 Thus the output is calculated with the formula in the script and displayed in the above link after zipping the output file appropriately. After continuous execution of report using EOSFLEX, the old files can be cleared from over loading the system from D:\raproot\data\incs\odrcache. To add script for a new BSC Integrated D:\raproot\apps\scheduler\ IDEA_BSC_CS_BH.xml

SCHEDULER (. bat file)


The scheduler script for different BSC. cd /raproot /apps/scheduler perl eos_scheduler.pl XML=IDEA_BSC_CS_BH.xml SCHED_REPORT=RepSuite_IDEA_KPI3.xml SCHED_INSTANCE=BSC1_CS_BH perl eos_scheduler.pl XML=IDEA_BSC_CS_BH.xml SCHED_REPORT=RepSuite_IDEA_KPI3.xml SCHED_INSTANCE=BSC10_CS_BH perl eos_scheduler.pl XML=IDEA_BSC_CS_BH.xml SCHED_REPORT=RepSuite_IDEA_KPI3.xml SCHED_INSTANCE=BSC11_CS_BH perl eos_scheduler.pl XML=IDEA_BSC_CS_BH.xml SCHED_REPORT=RepSuite_IDEA_KPI3.xml SCHED_INSTANCE=BSC12_CS_BH perl eos_scheduler.pl XML=IDEA_BSC_CS_BH.xml SCHED_REPORT=RepSuite_IDEA_KPI3.xml SCHED_INSTANCE=BSC13_CS_BH

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perl eos_scheduler.pl XML=IDEA_BSC_CS_BH.xml SCHED_REPORT=RepSuite_IDEA_KPI3.xml SCHED_INSTANCE=BSC14_CS_BH perl eos_scheduler.pl XML=IDEA_BSC_CS_BH.xml SCHED_REPORT=RepSuite_IDEA_KPI3.xml SCHED_INSTANCE=BSC15_CS_BH perl eos_scheduler.pl XML=IDEA_BSC_CS_BH.xml SCHED_REPORT=RepSuite_IDEA_KPI3.xml SCHED_INSTANCE=BSC16_CS_BH perl eos_scheduler.pl XML=IDEA_BSC_CS_BH.xml SCHED_REPORT=RepSuite_IDEA_KPI3.xml SCHED_INSTANCE=BSC2_CS_BH perl eos_scheduler.pl XML=IDEA_BSC_CS_BH.xml SCHED_REPORT=RepSuite_IDEA_KPI3.xml SCHED_INSTANCE=BSC3_CS_BH perl eos_scheduler.pl XML=IDEA_BSC_CS_BH.xml SCHED_REPORT=RepSuite_IDEA_KPI3.xml SCHED_INSTANCE=BSC4_CS_BH perl eos_scheduler.pl XML=IDEA_BSC_CS_BH.xml SCHED_REPORT=RepSuite_IDEA_KPI3.xml SCHED_INSTANCE=BSC5_CS_BH perl eos_scheduler.pl XML=IDEA_BSC_CS_BH.xml SCHED_REPORT=RepSuite_IDEA_KPI3.xml SCHED_INSTANCE=BSC6_CS_BH perl eos_scheduler.pl XML=IDEA_BSC_CS_BH.xml SCHED_REPORT=RepSuite_IDEA_KPI3.xml SCHED_INSTANCE=BSC7_CS_BH

Note:This script is stored @ D:\raproot \apps\scheduler


The script for scheduler is stored as .bat file.

Scheduler script.
<sched> <!--The <info> node contains general definitions applicable to each report node/entry --> <info id="info"> <!--Optional: The host IP address is used in report links for the title of the XLS sheet --> <!--If the host IP address is not defined here the Scheduler will lookup the host name --> <host_ip></host_ip> <!--The date format affects the name of the default XLS output directory and file names --> <date_format>europe</date_format> <!--The default dsn is used if no report specific dsn(s) are defined. Also used in the default XLS dir --> <dsn>idea_nw_rc</dsn> <!--The default XLS directory structure. The directory structure will be put under the SCHEDULER_OUTPUT path. On WAS this is equivelent to %DIR_PERLAPI%/wwwroot/htdocs/dlbrowser --> <xls_dir>/dlbrowser/{today}/</xls_dir> </info>

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<!-- Reporting Suite report example. --> <report id="RepSuite_IDEA_KPI3.xml"> <instance id="BSC10_CS_BH" go="yes"> <weekdays> All </weekdays> <!-- Mon,Tue,Wed,Thu,Fri,Sat,Sun,All are valid entries here; any combination is allowed --> <dsn> idea_nw_rc </dsn> <sched_exe> <!-- The "command line" type script execution line. % cgi -bin% = %DIR_PERLAPI%/ wwwroot/ cgibin/nrbasic. You may use variables such as {dsn}, {yesterday} and {type} here. --> %cgi-bin%nrbasic/eosflx/eosflx.pl B=Generate IMPL=2g_ran UI_CONF= idea_ui_conf.xml DROP_XML=idea_KPI3.xml DROP_DSN={dsn} DSN_ATT=RC_2G PARENTLIST=190657 OBJECT=SEG_ID OBJECT_LEVEL=3 Agg =CS_BH Time=Relative Fdate = Tdate = RLength =1 RTselection= Day(s) RCAselection=Absolute Rdate ={yesterday} DROP_SORT= desc Sortby =None Threshold=None Max= Min= SCHEDULE=1 REPORTYPE= KPI= UI=1 MY_SCRIPT_CONF_LINK= script_conf.xml </sched_exe> <xls go="yes"> <type> <!-- variable to use e.g. for output directory structure or in sched_exe command--> PM </type> <dst> <!-- variable to use e.g. for output directory structure or in sched_exe command--> RC_2G PM </type> <dst><!-- variable to use e.g. for output directory structure or in sched_exe command--> RC_2G </dst> <freq><!-- variable to use e.g. for output directory structure or in sched_exe command--> </freq> <xlsfile> <!-- The name of the XLS file. You may use variables in the name.--> BSC10_CS_BH.xls </xlsfile> <xlssheet> <!-- The name of the XLS sheet. You may use variables in the name.--> BSC10_CS_BH </xlssheet> <title> <!-- The Title on the XLS sheet. You may use variables here too.--> idea_report (1 day(s) end {yesterday}) Time Agg: CS_BH Object Type: BSC, Object(s): '190657' Object Aggregation: </title> <replink go="yes"> <!-- The Title on the XLS sheet will be a http link back to the Web version of the report.--> <exclude_params> SCHEDULE=1 UI=1 </exclude_params> </replink> <freezepane> <!-- Freeze a number of rows and columns in the XLS sheet - e.g. used to keep the

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column headers and object info in window while scrolling results in Excel.--> 5,5 </freezepane> <sumxls> <!-- The name of the summary XLS file (leave empty if not required). Use the same <sumxls> name for several reports and each report will be a sheet in the same Excel workbook. You may use variables in the name.--> </sumxls> <markup> <!-- Define markup for certain KPI results, e.g. "rlt5" = "red < 5" --> </markup> <datasetformat> <!-- Define the format for each column., e.g. "%5.2f" = "floating point 5 digits, two decimals" --> undef,undef,undef,undef,undef, %8u, %.2f, %.2f, %.0f, %.2f, %3i, %.2f, %3.2f, %.2f, %3.2f, %.2f, %.0f, %.1f, %.1f, %8u, %8u, %3.2f, %.2f, %3.2f, %.0f, %.0f, %.0f, %.0f, %.0f, %.0f, %.0f, %.0f, %.0f, %.0f, %.0f, %.0f, %.0f, %.0f, %.0f, %.0f, %8u, %8u, %0u, %.0f, %.0f, %.0f, %3.2f, %.0f, %.0f, %.0f , %.0f , %.0f , %.0f , %.0f , %.0f , %.0f , %.0f , %.0f , %.0f , %.1f , %.0f , %.0f , %.0f , %3.2f, %3.2f, %.0f, %.0f, %3.2f, %.0f, %3.2f, %.0f, %.0f, %3.2f, %3.2f, %.0f, %.0f, %3.2f, %3.2f, %.0f, %.0f </datasetformat> </xls> <sched_csv> <!-- The CSV file name pattern. The question marks (??) in the sched_csv tag represent date specific numbers; e.g. 20031109-20031110 --> /odrcache//eosflx_idea_KPI3.xmlidea_nw_rc_CS_BH??.??.????_??.??.????_3_190657__._desc___SE G_ID_.csv </sched_csv> <sched_csv_age> </sched_csv_age> <zip go="yes"> <zipfile> BSC_CS_BH_IDEA.zip </zipfile> <sourcefiles> {xlsfile}, {sumxls}, {sched_csv} </sourcefiles> </zip> <mail go="no"> <mailfile> RS_mail.csv </mailfile> <sourcefiles> {xlsfile}, {sumxls}, {zipdest}

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</sourcefiles> <mailaddress> your.name@company.com </mailaddress> </mail> </instance> </report> </sched>

Statistical Report Generated


The statistical report generated .csv file.

The above stat was generated for a particular BSC Using EOSFLEX.

6.

Alarm Cause study.

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NOKIA ALARM DESCREPTION AND ANALYSIS ON PERFORMANCE DEGRADATION.


- a detailed analysis and field test for some of the Common Alarms and its Causes -

NOKIA India Pvt.Ltd Idea cellular Delhi.

Date:1st August 2007

List Of Important Alarms :

Some of the Important Alarma:-

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Alarm Number
7745 2992 2993 7508 7600 7601 7603 7604 7606 7617 7704 7705 7715 7725 7738 7743 2955 7746 7767 7939 8112

Description CHANNEL FAILURE RATE ALARM


bts and tc unsynchronization clear calls on a interface bts and tc unsynchronization clear calls on abis interface RADIO TIMESLOT FAILURE IN TRX BCF FAULTY BCF OPERATION DEGRADED BTS FAULTY BTS Operation Degraded TRX FAULTY SEVERAL CALLS DROPPED DUE TO PROBLEM WITH TRANSCODER PCM FAILURE LAPD FAILURE CONTINUOUS RESTARTS OF BCF-TRX TRAFFIC CHANNEL ACTIVATION FAILURE BTS WITH NO TRANSACTIONS MEAN HOLDING TIME BELOW DEFINED THRESHOLD TRANSCODER CHANNEL FAILURE CH CONGESTION IN CELL ABOVE DEFINED THRESHOLD BCCH MISSING FORWARD POWER TOO LOW AT TX ANTENNA FREQUENCY ERROR

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ALARM NUMBER 7745:- CHANNEL FAILURE RATE ABOVE DEFINED THRESHOLD:


This alarm helps in finding out the timeslots which are blocked and causing High SDCCH or TCH Blocking.And in some scenarios calls get established on these timeslots and then drops with an cause of Time out. Alarm 7745 is explained as described below with an example.

Alarm number 7745 gives information on the Timeslot degraded.


This displays degradation of both SDCCH Timeslot and TCH Time slots that have gone faulty.At the foremost instent a soft reset (Locking that particular Time slot and then unlockimg )can help in overcommng the problem.If it is found to have all the Timeslots degraded ,then that particular TRX can be given a reset on a temporary basis. If the Problem still exists then change the TRX. Causes: 1) If Alarm noticed on BCCH Carrier, then swap BCCH /TCH Carrier appropriately. 2a) 7745 on One TRx Only: If there is alarm noticed on one single TRx, then check for SMA Cable(Cable that connects the Radio) at TX Connector to WCxA (Wide band combiner) of the TRx is properly tightned. 2b) 7745 on Two TRx of a cell. If alarm noticed on two TRxs, then check if there exist, cross feeder in these two TRxs

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2c) Noticed on all TRx. Check for Cross feeder, Bad connectors, Connection to DVxA (Duplexer). Solution: a) Temporary => Inservicing appropriate Time slots. b) Permanent => Replace Hardware (Radio). STATISTICS ANALYSIS:7745. The statistics showing no calls been handled by a particular Timeslot found to be having this alarm 7745.

Time slot number 2 showing Alarm 7745 for TRX -002 of Site AMITYSCHL1 of BSC015

Statistics showing no calls been handled by this particular Timeslot number 2 of TRx-002 of site AMITYSCHL1 of BSC15. FIELD TEST TRIAL, FOR ALARM 7745 :

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The alarm 7745 shows for this particular cell SARAIJLNA1 that Timeslot (TS0 & TS1) to be working fine and Timeslots(TS2, TS3,TS4,TS5,TS6, & TS7) not carrying calls(blocked).

Field test was conducted with TEMS for this particular cells at non busy hour and could find that the Mobile could latch on to Time slot TS0 & TS1 only and and the remaining Time slots ( TS2, TS3, TS4, TS5, TS6, & TS7 ) could not get calls going on tending the timeslot Faulty.

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ALARM NUMBER 7601:- BCF OPERATION DEGRADED:


This alarm 7601 is generated at the BTS.

BD018 BCF-0030 EQUIPM 2007-07-24 04:20:45.42 ** ALARM (14652) 7601 BCF OPERATION DEGRADED Difference between PCM and base station frequency reference. 02 01 07 96 00 00

I. Fault reason: Cabinet I2C bus is jammed. Solution: 1. Switch the site power Off and On. 2. Check the fan unit, the power supply unit and the TRXs. If necessary, replace the faulty units(s). 3. If the fault reappears, replace the cabinet. The units Inside the cabinet can be reused in the new cabinet

II. Fault reason: Incompatible unit presence has been detected in the BTS.

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Solution: 1. Replace the high power or EDGE TRX(s) with normal type TRX(s) and reset the BCF. 2. Or, replace the normal type FAN and power supply with high power or EDGE units. Now EDGE and high power TRXs are supported. III. Fault reason: Difference between the PCM and BTS frequency reference. Solution: 1. Check the synchronisation settings of the transmission interface.( DAC Value)DAC value Range from 1800 t0 2200. 2. If the settings are OK, check the transmission chain. 3. If the alarm stays active or reappears after the recovery actions above, reset the BCF. 4. If the alarm reappears after the BCF reset, replace the BTS. Note: If this Supplementary alarm appears there is Drift in clock value(DAC). That leads to HO failures IV. Fault reason: Oven oscillator control is close to its margins. The oven might be outdated. Solution:

1. Check the synchronisation settings of the transmission interface. 2. If the settings are OK, check the transmission chain. 3. If the alarm stays active or reappears after the recovery actions Above, reset the BCF. 4. If the alarm reappears after the BCF reset, replace the BTS
Note: If this Supplementary alarm appears there is Drift in clock value (DAC). That leads to HO failures

V. Fault reason: Flash operation failed in BOI or TRX .


Solution: 1. Replace the BOI. 2. BOI=Base station operation Interface unit 3. If it is TRX change the TRX

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Descrpition of Supplementary information:


1-6 XX XX XX XX XX XX 1 2 3 4 5 6
1. Rack (cabinet) number 2. 3. shelf number

slot

4. Type of unit 5. unit number 6. subunit number

ALARM NUMBER 7738:- BTS WITH NO TRANSCATIONS


This alarm helps in finding out that BTS has had no successfully terminated calls, SDCCH or Transcations GPRS TBF releases during the supervision period. This alarm is used for supervising the BTS traffic capacity and to indicate sudden loss of service on BTS level This is a BTS Specific alarm. BF=Temporary Block Flows

No SDCCH Transaction

Descrpition of Supplementary information:

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01= No successful SDCCH seizures 02 = No successful TCH seizures 03 = No successful SDCCH nor TCH seizures 10 = No successful GPRS transactions 11 = No successful SDCCH seizures and No succesful GPRS transactions 12 = No successful TCH seizures and No succesful GPRS transactions

13 = No successful SDCCH nor TCH seizures nor GPRS transactions

NO SDCCH TRANSACTION

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2.

NO GPRS TRANSACTION

NO GPRS Transaction

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Temporary solution: Reset the Sector (BTS) Permanent solution: Replace the Hardware

ALARM NUMBER 7604:- BTS OPERATION DEGRADED


Description: Major fault (or faults) has occurred in a unit (or units) that

Belong to the sector indicated in the alarm.This alarm belong to particular sector.

Following are the Fault Reasons for BTS Operation Degraded. I. Fault Reason: Remote tune combiner temperature is dangerously high.
Solution: 1. Ensure that the ambient temperature of the base station is within Specified limits. 2. Check the cabinet fans. 3. Replace the remote tune combiner.

II. Fault reason: Remote tune combiner temperature is low.


Solution:

1. Ensure that the ambient temperature of the base station is within Specified limits. 2. Check the cabinet heater if it is installed. 3. Replace the remote tune combiner.

III. Fault reason: Rx levels differ too much between main and diversity antennas.
Solution:

1. Check the RSSI measurements by BTS Manager. 2. Locate the cause of the alarm (unit, cable, antennas).Check unit , cable and antennas, 3. RSSI: Received Signal Strength indicator. 4. Imp alarm where call gets blocked.

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Descrpition of Supplementary information:


1-6 XX XX XX XX XX XX 1 2 3 4 5 6
7. Rack (cabinet) number 8. 9. shelf number

slot

10. Type of unit 11. unit number 12. subunit number

This supplementary information is valid for 1 to 3 fault reasons.

IV: Fault Reason: Fault in the chain between power unit and high gain MNxx with.

Supplementary information: By pass

ALARM NUMBER 7744:- EXCESSIVE TCH INTERFERNCE

Descrpition: During the supervision period, the TCH time slot has suffered Excessive interference in idle mode that is equal to or higher than the operator-defined alarm threshold percentage.

That is the ,Interference in the time slot has lasted longer than is acceptable. The interference level classified as excessive is defined by the Operator. The alarm is used to supervise the BTS traffic capacity Supplementary information fields

1-8 the percentage (per each TRX time slot) that the channel has Spent in excessive interference during the supervision period. The number is a hexadecimal, 0 - 64 %.

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If the time slot is not a TCH time slot, the value is 0 9 10 the threshold level of excessive interference. The values are 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 the TCH channel's alarm threshold percentage of the time spent In excessive interference, 1 - 100 %. The alarm is generated if at least one TRX time slot reaches the threshold These alarms basically indicate the uplink interfencence, check MAIO, HSN. MAIOSTEP Check any Repeaters installed near the site, fine tune the repeaters

ALARM NUMBER 7606:- TRX FAULTY


. Descrpition:

Critical fault has occurred in a TRX. This alarm blocks the TRX. Call drops will be severely with the faulty TRX.

Following are the Fault Reasons for TRX Faulty.


I. .Fault reason: Failure detected during TRX configuring.
Solution:

Either the TRX is faulty or its frequency band is different from the one that was configured into BSC. Replace the TRX with a functional TRX or with another TRX with correct frequency band.

II. Fault reason: Antenna connection faulty.

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Check the antenna and cabling. If the antenna and cabling are faulty, correct the problem and run TRX test to cancel the alarm. If the antenna and cabling are OK, TRX is faulty. Replace the faulty TRX.

7.

Drive Test Analysis.

Check List for Cell site. For better understanding for enhancement in performance, requiring field analysis, which was carried out for problematic cells in Idea Cellular Delhi Networks.There were Drive carried out for data collection in the following scenarios: Basic Information. Idle Mode Dedicated mode Handover Checks Made. Data Drive (GPRS / EDGE ) The following were the checks made during the Drive test for each of the scenarios. Basic Information from Drive Test.

Site ID Site Name Site Connected to BSC TRX Configuration.

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Idle Mode Information from Drive test.

Frequencies (Sys info type1) BSIC correctly defined Cell_Reselect_Offset, Temp_Offset Penalty_Time are as planned (sys info3) The Site Radio parameters in Layer3 messages Sys. Info type 3, as planned. The LAC is correctly defined Location Update procedure is checked (If applicable) MO-SMS MT-SMS

Dedicated Mode Information from Drive test.

DL_QUALs for all TRX's is zero below the antenna DL_LEVELs for all TRX's comparable and steady Uplink power control is min below the antenna All TCHs and corresponding TS's are OK Site configuration (Micro / Macro / Umbrella etc) is correct Mobile Terminating calls Mobile Originating calls are tested OK Rescue and Concentric cells handovers, checked wherever applicable Frequency Hopping is activated.

Handover Data From Drive Test.

Neighbors definition from layer3 type 5 messages is OK Subsequent Handovers from and back to each cell checked OK Handovers to main umbrella(s) and neighbor(s) work fine Intra BSC Outgoing handovers checked OK Intra BSC Incoming handovers checked OK Inter BSC Outgoing handovers with all surrounding BSC's checked OK Inter BSC Incoming handovers with all surrounding BSC's checked OK Inter MSC Outgoing Handovers with all surrounding MSC's (if applicable) checked OK

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Inter MSC Incoming Handovers with all surrounding MSC's (if applicable) checked OK

Data Drive for GPRS.

GPRS Attach GPRS PDP Context Activation GPRS PDP Context Deactivation GPRS Routing Area Update (If applicable) GPRS Detach

General Information from Drive Test.

Installed antenna is of the planned type Overall performance and coverage area as expected by a brief drive test

Radio Efficacy Check Per Cell.


Site ID: TRX # Sector 1 Freq. RxLev TRX # Sector 2 Freq. RxLev TRX # Sector 3 Freq. RxLev 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 Site Name: 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

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TRX # Sector 4 Freq. RxLev Remarks

1 -51

2 -49

3 808 -57

10

11

12

801 805

In the above example the efficacy of the Radio per sector can be checked in the field for better performance.Say for Example, in sector 4 as shown above, having 3 TRX, and when tested of their RXLev should not have a difference in the RXLev of not more than 5dbm between the TRX of the same sector. And as this test is to be conducted in a close proximity to the cell site, should not have an RXLev not less than -55dbm proximately in each of the TRX. Along with RXQual and Level Plot from the Drive, Problems like Hardware Faulty, Sector Swap, Cable Swap, Etc can be further analysed with Field Drive testing.

Benchmarking Drive using Swis Qual 7.5


The Benchmarking of 2G networks for Idea, Airtel, Dolphin, Hutch (all GSM), Reliance (CDMA) was conducted with Measurement period from Sept 16, 2007 Oct 26, 2007 Test done at static locations were SMS, MMS & FTP test. Measurement systems used: SwissQual 7.5 for Voice and Data drive tests SwissQual QualiPoc for SMS & MMS static tests N6680 for GSM, LG RD6000 for CDMA Per operator approximately: 2100 two-minute voice calls (mobile to fixed) evaluated 300 FTP up- and downloads, 300 Emails send and received, 300 HTTP requests, 200 SMS, 60 MMS tests performed 2600 km of routes driven The Benchmarking Tool Swis Qual version 7.5 was used to analyse competator network at Delhi Region for both Voice and Data.The following are the summerised comparision found as described below.

Drive Test session:

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Simultanious Drive done for Voice and Data, during test.

Data Services Drive Test Measurement

Data Session
FTP Download Attach & PDP Context Activation HTTP Browsing FTP Upload Email Send Email Receive

Detach & PDP Context Deactivation

The data test comprised of sequence of Attach, then PDP Activation, followed by FTP Download, HTTP Brouser, FTP Upload, Email Sending and then Email Reception.

Executive Summary - Voice Idea shows an average overall voice service performance in Delhi. Call Setup Time of Idea is exceptionally good, also in international comparison they show one of the best statistics here.

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Overall Idea has good Call Setup success rates, most of the failed calls are due to coverage issues. Idea slightly under performs with regards to the call completion rate and should be worked upon. Ideas speech quality is found good and speech samples for both the Uplink as well as Downlink are well balanced . With respect to call Accessibility and Retainability Dolphin is clearly underperforming. In International comparison Airtel appears to have a fairly high cell density and is also the highest compared to local competitors.

Executive Summary Data The overall data performance for Idea in Delhi can be rated as poor. All data services except SMS have poor performance levels in Delhi. For some of the data services Idea is amongst the poor 20% networks globally. Hutch shows up with a better data performance in Delhi as compared to Idea. Reliance being a CDMA service provider is also good when it comes to data statistics in Delhi. Having used EDGE for almost all the sessions the average throughput of Idea is found to be very low. This is the major reason for having low success rates as well. The MMS performance of Idea needs improvement. Long delivery times and only a 60% success rate puts Ideas performance amongst one of the most poor performers measured globally.

M o b ile S e rv ic e s Q u a lity in a N u ts h e ll
D e lh i, O c to b e r 2 0 0 7
VCQI
DCQI

t o p 2 0 % p e r fo r m e r s i n t e r n a t i o n a lly

2 4 1
4 5

in t e rn a t io n a l a v e ra g e

5
2 1

1 ID E A 2 A i r te l 3 D o lp h in 4 H u tc h 5 R e lia n c e

lo w 2 0 % p e r fo r m e r s i n t e r n a t i o n a lly

22

N o k ia S ie m e n s N e tw o r ks

B e n c h m a r k S e r vic e R e p o rt / P M & R H / 2 0 .1 1 .2 0 0 7

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V o ic e S e rv ic e Q u a lity
VCQI
1 2 3

CST CCR M OS

= Ca ll Se t u p Ti m e = Ca ll Co m p le t i o n Rat e = M e a n Op i n io n Sco r e

CSSR = Ca ll Se t u p Su cce ss Ra t e

C S T *)
2 .6

CSSR
4 3
100% 9 9 .3 % 9 8 .2 %

CCR
1 00 % 9 9 .4 %

MOS
3 .9 4

3 .3 3 .7

2 1

9 6 .1 %

9 8 .6 %

4
4 .5

3 .6 9
9 7 .0 %

2 4 1

2 3

3 .6 0

3 .3 8

1 ID E A 2 A i r te l 3 D o lp h in 4 H u tc h 5 R e lia n c e

9 .4

7 4 .6 %

8 9 .2 %

2 .9 5

24

N o k ia S ie m e n s N e tw o r ks

B e n c h m a r k S e r vic e R e p o rt / P M & R H / 2 0 .1 1 .2 0 0 7

* ) CST sco r e f o r Re li a n ce se t t o m e d ia n v a lu e

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Data Service Perform ance

D C Q I

H T T P

F T PD L

F T PU L
1

S M S

M M S
4

E m a il

G P R SA tta c h

P D PC o n te x t

4 2

4 4 5 45 1 5 2 2 4 1 2 12 1 1 4 5 5 5 1 1 1 2 4 4

5 2

1 ID E A 2 A irte l 3D o lp h in 4 H u tc h 5R e lia n c e

35

Nokia Siemens Networks

Benchmark Service Report / PM& RH / 20.11.2007

*) M M Sscorefor R elianc eset to medianvalue

The above plot shows Performance for Voice and Data when compared to other competator Operators at Delhi area.

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The table above gives an overview about the most important performance figures collected during this 2G Benchmarking campaign.

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8.

Nokia Macros:-

Table shows the availability of Macros for differend Nokia ND Reports.

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The Detailed List of availability of Macros for ND and MML is listed above.

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9.

Summary of Idea Delhi Optimization:

After consecutive effersts put in to optimize Idea Cellular Delhi Network, with Parameter Optimization, Basic Design reviw, Field Optimization, AMR Finetuning, Data Optimization for 2G and 2.5G, Hardware Fault Verification, Timer Optimization, Alarms Handling and threshold Verification, had the performance enhancement listed below on the Network Level. TCH Drop.

Drop on the TCH could be brought down to a value of 1.01 from an initial value of 2.6, with taking the new sites getting integrated in the Network.

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TCH BLOCKING:

Traffic Distribution:

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SDCCH Drop:

SDCCH Blocking:

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Handover Failure:

RACH Failure:

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UL & DL Quality:

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To cover in the Next Review.


DAC Performance Analysis Threshold verification for DAC Path Imbalance Analysis Repeater Optimization Analysis AMR Parameter Optimization TMA / TMB Performance Analysis Micro / Macro Cellular Model Analysis Physical Audit Other Methods of KPI Enhancement Discontinious Transmission [DTX] / Reception [DRX]. Transmission related Alarms 2000 series.

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10.

Appendices.

End.
NETWORKS, AND SERVICE OPTIMIZATION NOKIA SIEMENS NETWORKS. 2nd Dec 2007.