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Cells Suffering Hunger

--Attempting a brief analysis of material transformation
in vivo and in vitro with micro-organisms

Duan Xiu-Bin
Binzhou City, Shandong Province, China
Mobile: 13793888426 Email:

Material transformation in vitro and in vivo is very important to human health,

however, there are some contradictions between the theory applied by us and
the basic principle of material cycle. Following these contradictions, through
an analysis of the relationship between food and human body, connecting
macrocosm with microcosm and proper application of deduction and
inference, this manuscript reveals the major theoretical mistakes in the
material transformation in agricultural production and in vivo, which could be
interpreted in some sense as a verifiable pathological basis of many modern
diseases. At the same time, it also gives a clue about how to continuously
track the theory.

About the material transformation in vivo and in vitro, it receives a lesser attention at
present, because it has already formed a definite conclusion in theory and people
consider it is not a problem for a further discussion. However, through the amount of
reading and thinking over, you would discover there are some contradictions
between the basic principle of material transformation and its application in relevant
disciplines. Especially regarding the material transformation in vivo, its contradiction
is more prominent.

1. In extant agricultural production, the massive application of chemical fertilizers

means humans have replaced part of the function of micro-organisms and strode
over the essential procedure in material transformation.

2. In the material transformation in vivo, the leading theory gave no thought to the
basic principle and completely interpreted all the material transformation in vivo with
a purely chemical process (1), like ingestive materials being directly converted into
elements of the human body. Thus an essential link would be absent in the material
transformation in vivo and be contrary to its transformational law.

3. In the professional teaching and research of microbiology, although the

relationship between micro-organisms and the human body had been explored with
great efforts, usually it was the direct relationship that received the attention; they


did not connect it with the material transformation in vivo following the material cycle

4. In clinical practice, although chemical medicines for treating various diseases

were produced and used more and more, in fact the diseases (especially modern
and intractable ones) were growing even more rapidly. The medicines were
invariably unable to keep up with the acceleration of the diseases (2), and humanity
was in a passive position on the whole.

Facing the above contradictions, if we adjust our point of view, we might widen our
range of observations and perceptions and so perhaps find answers to some of the

Ⅰ. Enlightenment from Pigs Eating Coal

On 08 Apr. 2007, Alibaba Net published a news item: A Polish scientist Ania Rjasa
found that “feeding brown coal to pigs as a dietary supplement is good for their
health. Pigs fed on brown coal were found to be fatter, happier, healthier and less
stressed than the ones fed on standard chemical additions (3)”.

According to the principle of biological evolution, there was no coal exposed in

nature for pigs in remote antiquity to eat when they were born, and coal played no
role in the conditions of the pigs’ births. In other words, this practice of these pigs
eating coal was not inherited from their ancient parents, but was acquired in more
recent times.

Since these modern pigs like to eat coal in particular ,it shows that they are lacking
in the similar materials in vivo. Pigs are a close relative of humans, and belong to
omnivorous category of animals, too. Their types of foods are very close to human’s
and on the whole, they also live in the same environment. Then, are we, humans,
lacking the same materials in vivo? Thus it brings us to the seriousness of the
problem into which we shall probe.

Plant roots grow deep into soil because there are some inorganic and reduced
materials in the underground facultative anaerobic and anaerobic environments for
them to absorb. Following year after year of absorption by the plants, the original
subterranean inorganic materials have reached an exhausted critical point, or a
particular balance point, and the main resource now for the plants to absorb must
be found in the reduction of organic materials in the material cycle. This situation
asks us to focus on the material cycle, and the targeted result is the inevitable


deduction of the two major unobservable mistakes in the material transformation, in

nature and inside our own bodies.

Ⅱ. Two Major Mistakes

1. Mistake in the Material Cycle in Nature

In the whole of nature, humanity is its pride, and also its disaster. Objectively
speaking, it is a selfish human division that classifies the animal kingdom into
beneficial and harmful, and it is also a simplistic classification like that of children
labeling people into good and bad persons. If invited the comments of all of the
living nature, it should be said that the human animal is the most harmful animal,
because human beings have brought the greatest harm to the whole animal
kingdom and to all of nature. In accordance with the theory of “Labor Created
Mankind”, human nature has determined our reform and destruction to the
environment and nature. In other words, human development is based on this
reform and destruction of the environment and nature. Accompanying the
development of science and technology, the degree of this damage has increased
from little to large and from shallow to deep and has not only affected animals and
plants and caused massive exterminations of species, but has also affected our
own health and survival.

In theory, we all know that the material cycle necessarily requires microbial
participation (2), but in fact, we, humans, who are nothing more than a segment of
the animal kingdom, do not take into consideration of this basic law. We disregard
this basic procedure with synthesized chemical fertilizers to cause plants to have
direct absorption and to take the place of a specific microbial function in material

Besides the effect of improvement in varieties, the massive application of chemical

fertilizer has been greatly increasing crop production as well as playing a major role
in the survival of the human species. But its side-effects have been bringing about
an impairment in the quality of plant cells even as it has been causing large-scale
damage to the water, atmosphere, soil and edaphon. As a result, the crops only
seem to be fully filled but lose their massive nutritional contents. Today’s steamed
bread and rice are less chewy and sweet, sesame oil is less fragrant, meats are
less delicious, amphisarca is less sweet, and peanuts, soybeans, corn etc. also
have many differences from their past specimens. All of them are full of a strong
“fertilizer taste”.


On the basis of the world materiality principle, a certain part of the repeatedly
increasing crop yield undoubtedly comes from the conversion of the chemical
fertilizer under the situation that the underground materials are unchanged and
even the organic-based substrates are decreasing (papermaking and burning would
lead to straw reverting to soil less and less). In other words, a part of our current
foods comes from the conversion of chemical fertilizer, that is, a part of the foods of
humans is converted chemical fertilizer.

The application of pesticides, firstly, it might affect the plant cells on the surface and
change the condition of their exterior growth. This might happen after they have
suffered a strong interference from this external influence on their growing
processes. Next, in concert with the soil acidification and compaction caused by the
application of chemical fertilizers, the pesticides might damage the internal quality of
the plant cells. This would be due to the destruction of the edaphon when a
pesticide penetrated the underground and changed the cells’ material
transformating condition. Also, the carbon dioxide absorbed by the plants from the
atmosphere would have a negative effect on the plant cells because of pollution in
the air.

If we pursue this basic line of reasoning, we can make the further deduction (which
could effectuate shock in many and, perhaps, even extreme fear, too) that nearly
100% of the plant cells have been seriously affected by the chemical fertilizers,
pesticides and air pollution. And, consequently, the inevitable end would be that
nearly 100% of the plant cells would be missing a significant percentage of their
central, key elements because of the changes in their internal and external
conditions. Therefore, to humanity and other animals as heterotrophic organisms, it
would mean that every cell of our food is lacking in nutriment.

Mistakes in the Material Cycle in vivo


In the current national authoritative regulations, it is indicated that “although there

are still some food ingredients such as plant celluloses that could be broken down
by bacteria in the caecum, generally speaking their significance is little (1)”. And
taking a comprehensive look at college and senior high school textbooks, we learn
that when they survey the material transformation in vivo, both groups have
interpreted the material digestion as the pure chemical action of digestive enzymes
and did not refer to the involvement of micro-organisms. As for the medical
application, the prevention of bacterial infection has commonly emphasized using
the “fighting the bacteria” approach. In the area of health care, the attention on the
intestinal micro-organisms has been focused only on a few kinds, such as


bifidobacterium,lactobacillus. It has dwelled by and large on the direct influence on

the human body by the levels of microflora balance and imbalance and so has not
been able to completely reflect the action of intestinal micro-organisms. In the area
of popular theory, many papers have touched upon the effect of microbial
metabolites on people, but usually they show those effects that are similar to
chemical action; they have not made any further studies of how the organic
materials are acted upon by micro-organisms and have not even placed the
intestinal environment and micro-organisms on a high degree of material

There are no unified versions about the kinds of intestinal micro-organisms; some
have said there are more than 100 and some have said there are more than 700
(4). Concerning the quantity of the micro-organisms in feces, some have said about
1/3 and some have said about 40%, difficulty as a basis. But one thing may be
certain. According to the Darwinian evolutionary principle of the survival of the
fittest, if the intestinal micro-organisms, in addtion to the ones difficult to expel with
feces, were living according to the ruthless law of the jungle, their quantity should
be higher than the results of the in vitro test before the feces left the body. If,
according to the principle of Mao Zedong’s “universe would be divided infinitely”,
some micro-organisms were unable to be detected by the existing means of
detection, the micro-organisms in the intestine should be more in quantity.

On the basis of present known research achievements, the material transformation

could not be separated from the micro-organisms. Whether inorganic matter is
converted into plants or plant and animal bodies are converted into inorganic matter,
the constant material movement following the inorganic — organic — inorganic law
is ensured all because of their participation. But for many years our theorists have
been insisting that plant materials are converted into the animal bodies by the
function of the digestive juices produced by the animal bodies themselves.
However, due to the fact that almost half of the intestinal contents is micro-
organisms, such interpretion obviously could not justify itself nor conform to the law
of material transformation. If the material transformation in vivo was interpreted by
the pure chemical method, it would obviously present a mode of organic—organic,
which would bring about an asymmetry of the transformation mode in the material
cycle process, and so lose an essential link and form a contradiction.

The digestion and absorption of food mainly relies on the enzymes in the digestive
juices. But actually do the enzymes in the digestive juices come from the organism’s
own body or from the micro-organisms? The established scientific authorities and
theorists always maintain that the enzymes come from the body's own synthesis,
the idea being that the ingestive materials could be directly converted into the


components of the human body. Although the results and experimental data of
some research have reflected some conflicts with this concept, they have not yet
been able to break through the shackles of the original theoretical framework.
Please see 《 Preliminary Analysis of Biological Enzymes Originating from Micro-
organisms 》 (5). The paper has listed the various contradictions, has clarified the
erroneous concept that the enzymes come from the body’s own synthesis and
thereby revealed that belief, (that the ingestive materials could be directly converted
into the human body materials), was at the root a very obvious mistake. At the
present time, it is also a blind zone in the basic theory and practice of medicine,
nutriology and health care etc..

Because it is fettered by the traditional theory, the material cycle in vivo is still
understood as a simple cycle. At present, the theory cycle pays much attention to
the passage of food from the oral cavity to the exit of the waste material as egested
feces; this part of the process can easily be superficially observed. However little
attention has been paid to probably the more important part of the process: wherein
the converted materials enter the circulatory system and finally the cells’ wastes are
exported by the blood to the excretory canal. If the dynamic and connection
viewpoint and method were applied to analyze the movement of material in the
body, it would be found that large amounts of material are entering the circulatory
system to supply the body after the food was converted by the intestinal micro-
organisms and every tissue cell would be observed to be discharging much waste.
Well then, how many of these materials moving through this passage are
converted? How many are discharged? How many have been used up in vivo?
Moreover, how are they being used up? The research in this regard seems very

Ⅲ. Two Major Mistakes Cause Cells Hunger

In theory, all of us know that micro-organisms are the foundation of the existence of
human and animal life. But in fact, whether inorganic matter is transformed into
plants, or plants are transformed into the matter that makes up human and animal
bodies, human beings almost completely ignored the important role of micro-
organisms. The repercussion of which has been great harm to the plants, human
beings and animals, and it would not be an exaggeration regardless of how
excessively we state it because it has caused an incomparable disaster.

Based on the present information that we have grasped, most scientists generally
have agreed that there are 28 kinds of total life elements, including hydrogen,
boron, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, sodium, magnesium, silicon, phosphorus,


sulfur, chlorine, potassium, calcium, vanadium, chromium, manganese, iron, cobalt,

nickel, copper, zinc, arsenic, selenium, bromine, molybdenum, tin and iodine (6).

Referring to the life elements, we can see that the N, P and K (nitrogen, phosphorus
and potassium) in the fertilizer are only a part of the chemical elements that plants
need. If straw is returned to the soil less and less and the plants are boosted into
growing bigger by a large supply of these 3 elements, the direct effect would
undoubtedly be the debilitation of the other elements. The indirect effect, in addition
to the serious pollution of the soil, would inevitably be that due to their easy
absorption of the high ratio of N, P and K in the shallow soil, the plant roots could
not extend to enough depths, and the absorption of the other mineral elements
would be further decreased. Thus, the consequence would be that there would be
insufficient amounts of many nutrients and the plant cells would certainly be in a
hunger condition.

Human beings belong to the heterotrophic group of organisms, unlike the plants
which can absorb their nutrients from the soil and the carbon, nitrogen etc. in the air.
Human’s could only have come from the plants and the animals derived from the
plants. So their dependence on the plants becomes absolute. According to the
materialism standpoint and the principle that matter is primary, all human cells that
are based on the plants ought also to be in a hunger condition so long as 100% of
the plant cells are innutrition. To explain it in simple language, if the cells of the
human body could not have a swiftly adaptive variation for meeting the rapid
changes in the nutritional ingredients in the food cells that have been caused by us
humans in modern times, all of humanity (not including the medical patients) should
be in a state of sub-health.

In the direction of the research of digestion in vivo, people’s attention is

concentrated on the decomposition of carbohydrates, that is to the decomposition of
polysaccharide into monosaccharide for absorption by the body. Very little attention
is paid to the reduction of the materials in the body. In this case, the result of this
theoretical view is the practical application of considerable thought to the
transportation of saccharide to the human cells and undervaluing more or less the
supply of inorganic salt, which causes the body cells to have the appearance of the
partial eclipse phenomenon. According to the theory of the ion channels on the cell
membrane proved by the 2003 Nobel Prize winner Roderick MacKinnon (7) and the
principle that only the materials in an ionic state could be transformed into liquid for
the body to absorb, it has incontrovertibly proven that a part of the carbohydrates
should be reduced together with some of them being decomposed into
monosaccharide. The deviation in the direction of research and the self-determined
nutrition formulas cause the cells to not be able to get enough ion complement, and


so further aggravates their hunger condition.

In addition to the natural pollution sure to be translocated into the body, chemicals
such as antibiotics and other medicines (almost all of them are produced on the
theoretical basis that the ingestive materials could be directly converted into the
materials of the human body) taken by humans and livestock have caused our
blood to suffer more serious pollution than the natural world. Since at present large
areas of plants irrigated from the polluted water source would be put to death, it
would become inevitable that the cells of the body supported by the even more
polluted blood would generate their cancerization and other chronic diseases. In the
case that every histiocyte in the polluted blood is in a long-term hunger state, its
vitality is bound to get lower, and certainly its immunity would generally decline.
Some modern and intractable diseases, such as tumors, infectious diseases and
many others in the cardiovascular system, respiratory system, digestive system,
nutrient systems, endocrine system, immune system and blood system etc., could
be easily interpreted with such a causal relationship.

Ⅳ. Conclusions

There are the different angles of view regarding the self-understanding of human
body, thus we can have the different viewpoints and conclusions. If from outside to
inside, from the principle to its application, from taking ourselves as center to
returning ourselves to the nature and put our own as part of the natural world, the
conclusion would be quite different from the traditional theory.

The humanity is the high-level intelligent animal in the nature. But if thought that
man could conquer nature and could be apart from the restriction of the natural
law, she would commit an error in principle and suffer a punishment of the nature
inevitably. The nature is still that nature, but already not the former one. It has
experienced a large-scale transformation by human. The humanity is still that
humanity, but already not the former one. She has been the one living in the
natural environment on a massive transformation by herself. This transformation
has certain relationship with many modern diseases.

If it was said it was inevitable that the humanity sufferred the punishment of the
nature because we had to transform the nature for our own development, then it
should be artificial that the humanity sufferred a more self-inflicted harm in the
cognitive bias on micro-organisms. On the basis of the analysis of the material
transformation law organic - inorganic – organic and its specific application in the
relevant disciplines, we can see that micro-organisms are not redundant, but are a


necessary key element in the material transformation in vivo and in vitro. From this,
it naturally reveales the two major mistakes in the material transformation in
agricultural production and in vivo, Especially the cognitive bias on micro-organisms
in the material transformation in vivo. Following the relevance between food and
human body, in addition to the cognitive bias on micro-organisms, the cells of
human bady would go further hungry naturally under the condition of malnourished
crop cells and to some extent become the pathological basis of some modern and
intractable diseases.

In theory, although the analysis and understanding in the manuscript are still very
superficial and immature, they have touched on the problem of the micro-
organisms’ role in the material transformation in vivo and in vitro. Why could the
ingestive materials not actually be directly transformed into the human or animal
body and what roles would the micro-organisms play in the material transformation
in vivo and in vitro? The brief analysis in this text has not gotten to the roots of the
questions. So this topic still needs to be given further discussion.


1. Latest Complete Collection of National Food Safety Quality Identification and

Test Standard, The Web Site of (2 May 2007), available at

2. Microorganism, Wikipedia Web Site (24 December 2008), available at

3. Coal for pigs, Alibaba Net Web Site (08 April 2007), available at

4. Large intestine, Wikipedia Web Site (25 November 2008), available at

5. (China) Duan Xiu-Bin, Preliminary Analysis of Biological Enzymes Originating

from Micro-organisms, Unpublished.

6. Life Elements, Wikipedia Web Site (12 September 2007), available at

7. Roderick MacKinnon, Wikipedia Web Site (2 December 2008), available at


First draft: 05 Jan. 2006. Revised for many times.

Hope English-speaking friends to help me to revise my English translation (the

above manuscript) and then email it to me at I shall have
many thanks.