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KESIMPULAN Kursus kepengadilan peringkat daerah banyak memberi manfaat kepada para guru pada masa akan datang.

Guru dapat menimba ilmu pengetahuan dalam bidang sukan sama ada secari teori ataupun praktikal. Dari segi teori, guru akan lebih mengetahui sesuatu sukan dari segi sejarah ataupun perkembangan sesuatu sukan tersebut. Dari segi praktikal pula, sesuatu sukan tersebut akan dipelajari dari segi undang-undang, teknik-teknik bermain dan peraturan sesuatu sukan itu. Hal ini amatlah penting untuk dipelajari oleh setiap guru agar mereka dapat menjadi pengadil yang adil dan berdedikasi. Kursus kepengadilan turut memberi manfaat kepada guru dimana guru bukan sahaja pandai mendidik para pelajar dalam bidang akademik bahkan kokurilulum juga perlu diperseimbangkan sama rata. Dengan ini, lahirlah pelajar yang cerdik pandai dan sihat cergas. Jika negara kita mempunyai ramai pengadil yang berkaliber, maka mutu sukan negara kita juga akan meningkat. Kursus kepengadilan kurang mendapat respon dari para guru kerana guru berprasangka bahawa kursus ini tidak membawa kebaikan pada diri sendiri dan menyusahkan diri. Mereka menjangka umur yang semakin meningkat tidak perlu lagi pergi ke kursus. Sebenarnya, tanggapan ini sudah tentu salah, untuk menjadi seorang pengadil dalam sesuatu sukan, tiada had umur dikenakan oleh para pengadil. Pengadil juga akan mendapat upah wang apabila telah selesai dan terdapat pelbagai lagi insentif yang lain seperti makanan dan tempat tinggal disediakan apabila menjadi pengadil sukan. Kursus kepengadilan boleh ditingkatkan dengan menjemput fasilitor dari luar negara yang cekap dan mahir untuk sesuatu kurus kepengadilan. Fasilitator dari luar negara mempunyai kebolehan dan kemahiran yang berlainan dariapada fasilititator dalam negara. Mereka boleh bertukar pendapat dan cadangan apabila mengadili sesuatu kejohanan atau pertandingan. Akhir sekali, kursus kepengadilan perlu dianjurkan demi meningkatkan mutu sukan negara.

New York City, along with other school districts, does not allow students to bring their cell phones to school. Since 2006, Mayor Michael Bloomberg has banned the use of cell phones in New York City public schools. As a result, according to reports by public radio station WNYC, The New York Post, and other organizations, some New York City public school students are paying $1 a day to store their cell phones at local stores or trucks. While that fee may sounds like pocket change, it amounts to over $4 million a year, and the students who have to use these services to check their phones during the school day are those who attend the 88 (out of 1,200) public schools with metal detectors. Therefore, students with few resources wind up paying, sometimes out of their lunch money, a total of about $150 a year to have their cell phones with them. These news reports have re-opened the debate over cell phone use in school. The Debate Over Cell Phone Use In the ongoing debate over whether cell phones should be allowed in school, parents and schools are often at odds. While schools claim that students spend too much of the school day texting instead of concentrating in class, parents want a reliable way to connect with their children during the school day. Parents' need to connect has become even more critical in the aftermath of horrible events such asSeptember 11, 2001, and the tragic shootings at schools at colleges. Parents need to know that they can reliably connect with their kids, particularly in the case of a family, local, or larger emergency. Schools, on the other hand, claim not only that cell phone use interferes with students' concentration, but also that cell phones can contribute to cheating, which, according to studies, is on the rise in schools nationwide. In fact, one of the easiest ways teachers, including at private schools, can prevent cheating is to confiscate cell phones, scientific calculators (as students can use the memory functions to store information), and other similar devices during tests. Students can use these devices to store information, surf the Web, or text each other for answers. It is clearly the responsibility of the teacher to monitor students during tests to ensure that they aren't cheating, but taking away students' cell phones during tests can also help curb cheating. Despite schools' concerns, is there a responsible way in which schools can balance students' need to communicate with their parents with schools' concerns about cheating and texting? What Is Responsible Cell Phone Use in School?

Many private schools have a balanced approach to cell phone use. While schools' policies differ, many schools permit older students to use cell phones in designated places and at designated times, such as lunch. Students learn responsibility by abiding by these rules and having their cell phones taken away if they do not follow the rules. In addition, some teachers argue that students, particularly in high school, should be involved in formulating their school's cell phone policy so they can be part of an intelligent debate on the subject that improves their ability to think about the issues at hand. Read more about schools' approaches to cell phone use. Boarding schools also have rules about cell phones.For example, such schools try to curb students' homesickness and encourage their independence by restricting the time and length of students' calls to their parents. While students in years past had to wait their turn to speak on dorm phones, they now may feel tempted to call their parents often from cell phones, and boarding schools restrict their calls home to make sure they are adapting well to their new environment and relying on teachers and advisors rather than only on calls home.

The disadvantages of mobile phones for children Mobile phone is considered as an important thing in human life nowadays. We no longer rely on public phones that once we did. The mobile phones users are not only people that come from the working class, but also children as young as six years old. Is mobile phone really that important? There are a lot of disadvantages of using mobile phones which involves children from age 6 until 13. Health, financial and social issues are among of the topics that related with the disadvantages of using mobile phones for children. Childrens health affected from the use of mobile phones because it contains magnetic waves. Mobile phones contain magnetic waves which is dangerous to human especially young children who immune system doesnt enough develop yet. They might suffer a severe disease such as brain cancer.

Compare to the adult, the children have the potential to be affected is higher. Thus, the use of mobile phones affected the children health. Another issue that related with mobile phones is financial. When the parents let their children to use handphone from the early age, they tend to get distracted and use it without any limitation. Children will not consider the amount that have to pay when they use the handphone. Moreover, they tend to follow the latest style of handphones. They will want to buy the latest handphones design or buy the handphone gadgets, without even considering the amounts they have wasted.Therefore, handphones have caused bad effect for financial. Not only that, the most affected is children social style in terms of friendship and love. In friendship, they are likely to procrastinate when they started to SMS their friend. They will chit chat until the wee hours in the morning and left their school work. What make it worst is when they fall in their puppy love relationship. They will start to bring their phone everywhere and SMS their partner whenever they can. This irritating symptom will make their academic grades go down and later caused them problem in academic. So, handphone is bad when it comes to childrens social issues as they involves in bad friendship and love. Among the issues that always been discussed on the topic of mobile phones uses among children are social, financial and health. Children will get distracted when they use

handphones to call their friends and their boyfriend or girlfriends. As for financial aspect, they wasted their money for meaningless things or just to follow the latest trends. Furthermore, mobile phones are not good for childrens health as it contains dangerous magnetic waves. As a conclusion, there are a lot of disadvantages of the use of handphones especially for children as they still at young age. There are 3 advantages of learning at local university . Firstly, the admission fee is reasonable for every student. This enables students who come from different background to grab the opportunity and further their studies for higher levels. If the students who come from middle class family have to pay a lot for the fee, they might not be able to continue their studies. Secondly, the style of learning in local university is different. Compared to private colleges or overseas universities, they practice different style of learning. For examples, private colleges may require students to do assignment that need a lot of money. Meanwhile, the universities abroad use different languages or their culture is different and makes the students hard to adapt it. Finally, the local universities are also at the world standard. Malaysias universities are among the finest universities in the world. The students dont have to pay much compared to other universities and get the same results as the others that studies abroad. The universities also have the facilities that are good enough for all of the students. There are even

students who come from other countries to study here. For an instance, International Islamic University. As a conclusion, there are 3 advantages of learning at local university which are reasonable admission fees, the study style and also world standard university. Learning at UiTM Jengka is enjoying. Among the reasons are because of the facilities, environment and friends. The first reason is the facilities is well equipped and in good condition. The facilities that are provided in UiTM Jengka are well equipped and all the public equipments are in good condition. For examples, the students can use the bus as the transportation, futsal field and tennis court for sports activities. The next reason is because of the environment. UiTM Jengka is situated far from big cities and that makes students do not involve with social problems. Furthermore, the environment is breezy and full with green trees which make a suitable place to study and relax. Last reason is about friends. The students can mix around with students from different kind of backgrounds and races. There are a lot of Malays and Bumiputeras such as Sarawakian, Sabahan and also native peoples. Students also mix with others from different living classes such as high class, middle and also lower class. But, as we living under the same roof the differences are no longer counts. Thus, the facilities, environments and friends make UiTM Jengka different, special and enjoyable place to study,

In the UK alone twenty seven to forty million people own mobile phones and the number is growing each day. Eight million of these are school-aged children. It is expected that four hundred and eighty three million mobile phones will be sold worldwide in 2003. The first cellular phone was tested in 1978 and since then mobile phones have become hugely popular and a controversial issue. How can any one argue against this marvelous invention of science? Those against mobile phones argue that it slows the reaction of the driver by one third, when drivers are talking on mobile phones than when under the influence of alchola. For this and other reasons in some cities such as Satiago city in the Philippines mobile phones are banned in public to reduce accidents and disturbances. Those for mobile phones argue that it is not the mobile phone itself it is the conversation which affects the driver and the same result can be found if some is talking to a driver. They also say the fact that mobile phones affect drivers is nothing but public hysteria. Significantly enough one of the main arguments that people who oppose mobile phones give is the link with mobile phone and cancer. In recent vitro studies cells where exposed to infra-red radiation at the same frequency used by mobile phones, In the study it was found that there was damage to the DNA of the cells exposed to infra-red radiation. This is significant because small damages to the DNA of cells can cause cancer. Those who favour mobile phones point out that in the study it was also found that the DNA damaged was small enough for the DNA repair function in the cells to repair the DNA. Further more it would take at least a hundred or so changes in the DNA to cause cancer. In particular those who feel strongly against mobile phones point out that in recent years mobilephones have become a privacy issue. In Britain the number of children bulli ed through text messaging is rapidly growing. In recent studies done it has been shown that it is quite easy to intercept mobile phone signals and to listen into a conversation between two people. However those who strongly feel for mobile phones point out that it is just an old problem which has gained new footing in the mobile phone industry .Way before mobile phones were invented there were illegal phone taps and crank calls to land line phones.The problem has just moved on with the technology. Alternatively those in support of mobile phones give the argument that mobile phones are indispensable when it comes to business and commerce. Mobile phone are used in business for fast communication with stockbrokers, employes etc .In business a simple matter of communication can mean the difference between a million dollars lost or gained. This is clearly true in the UK because twenty seven to forty million people use mobile phones in the UK and the number is predicted to double or triple over the next few years and it is predicted that nearly half of the user will be stockbrokers. As the UK moves in to new age of technology and commerce it is clear that mobile phones will become an integral part of business and commerce.

Most importantly those who think mobile phones are a benefit to mankind point out that mobile phones are important when it comes to an emergency. For example if a mobile phone user finds a person who is having a heart attack, the user would not have to leave the patient to find help he or she can just call an ambulance and try to help the patient which could increase the possibility of he or she surviving. This is clearly the fact since 33% of people say their mobile phones are only for emergencies. Further more the technology employed in mobile phones simple combined with medical sensors can be used to monitor patients outside hospitals to make sure they are safe. Already studies of such devices are being carried out. Finally those who argue in support of mobile phones say that since the launch of mobile phones and the huge boom in mobile phones five years ago, they have hugely boosted the economy through mobile phone sales and services. A good example of the positive impact of mobile phones on the economy is Finland whose entire economy depends on mobile phone sales and services. This is true since twenty seven to forty million mobile phones are expected to be sold world wide by 2003.The average person in the UK spends twenty pounds a month on mobile phones service multiply that with twelve for twelve months of the year and then by forty million or so people who have mobile phones in the UK and it works out be ninety six million pounds a year and we have not yet still add the money from the sales and salaries given to the employees of the mobile phone companies each year. In the UK the mobile phone industry is a multi-billion pound industry. All in all my opinion is that the fact against mobile phones have no logic or evidence behind them and so should be dismissed as public hysteria. Examples of which litter our history. Like when trains became hugely popular people started to fear that the smoke from the train would kill all the birds and horse would go extinct and that the speed at which the train traveled was to much for the human body to bear.Today these notions are seen as nothing more then paranoia and the fear of technology. It is best to say that the hysteria behind mobile phones is another example that man fears what he does not understand. The common public do not understand the technology behind mobile phones and are easily frightened by rumours etc.