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16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

www.greenspec.co.uk

Green Construction & Materials


Green Guide to a House

Issues considered
emphasis on: Low carbon demand building exploiting free natural resources f t future-proofing: fi renewable bl ready d adopting renewable energy, where free is not enough www.GreenSpec.co.uk p has a role in educating the professions

Criteria for & level of success


Can come from the Clients brief designer designers s aspirations aspirations, technical know how and design process how robustly they can defend against:
QSs low expectation of greenness Vi l t cost Violet t plan l f for green b building/client ildi / li t Value Engineering (posh for cost cutting) Specification Substitution Compromised performance

16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

www.greenspec.co.uk

Sustainable Construction
What is it not?

EcoBling
18/03/2007 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk k

Eco Bling
Design methodology with no teeth Grant funding with no rigour PIMP up my Pad Grillz & Spinners, Frills & Digital Dogtags

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

EcoBling v Compatent
Renewables added before reducing demands first Not insulating to the hilt
way beyond Building Regulations CfSH Level 4, 5 or 6 and better U value 0.1 W/m2.K Windows and doors: 1.0 > 0.5 W/m2.K

19/06/2009

Not designing to make airtight: 10! > 1 > 0.1 Not designing out cold bridges (compromise!) No Airtightness line on drawings (= G/DPM/C) Poor efficiency y high g energy gy & water demand Not testing on site to check workmanship NGS 7 Not carrying out Post Occupancy Evaluation

16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

www.greenspec.co.uk

Sustainable Construction
What is Sustainable Construction? Green / Eco / Environmental Materials

What is Sustainable Construction


Its the green stuff that: DCLG encouraged The T&C Planners insisted upon Client wanted Funding body (EP and HC) wont pay for Developer refused to erode profits for EcoHomes assessor required Architect adopted to score credits GO objected to over zealous T&CP demands The QS
failed to cost plan for later Value Engineered out of the job

The Contractor
Substituted out of the job over ordered d d but b t disappeared in a white van to do a PJ at the weekend

16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

Barriers & Excuses for Status Quo Prevails pp y chain & up p demand chain down supply Opportunity for solutions through education & awareness

Culture C lt of f Blame & Justification

www.greenspec.co.uk

IR & HMC&E Financial Advisers PLC Investors Fund Managers Insurers Insurer s Risk Managemt Managem t Lawyers Letting Agents Developer Client Occupier/User Facilities Manager Employers Agent Project manager Design Professionals Specifiers Contractors Constructors S b Subcontractors t t Suppliers Manufacturers

Tax income Surplus to pay tax Investor Income Max Investment Yield Tried Tested Guaranteed Pass the buck Easy + no responsibility Short term profit Facility + low cost to run No worries Pass on clients brief Pass-on Pass the parcel Icons + Egos massaged R b tS Robust Specification ifi ti Butts to kick Substitution + Familiarity Si Simple l j job b+P Profit fit Profits + No Stewardship Turnover + out the door

16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

Ecological E l i l Construction & Materials: Other Issues

www.greenspec.co.uk

16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

www.greenspec.co.uk

Principles of Element l Design i


Performance Specification p Performance Drawings

Principles of Element Design


www.greenspec.co.uk k
11/10/2007 NGS 2006 Title 1

Principles of Element Design


Performance Specification Performance Drawings

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Addressing Sustainability
If we address environmental sustainability responsibly then we may find ourselves using unconventional construction, not as we know it we need to understand what the elements of th building the b ildi will ill be b subject bj t to t during d i their th i life lif Apparently a rapidly changing set of rules And then design new elements or their methods of construction to meet these rules: E.g. increasing i i variations i i in i wind i d loads, l d weather, temperature, rainfall, etc.

New Methods
16/02/2008 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

If we design with new methods there may be no points of reference, so we have to start from scratch We need to understand the principle of element design And apply increasing requirements to new materials and methods To find new solutions or enhanced requirements for traditional methods 19/06/2009 16 and materials NGS

The criteria for success


The aims may also be very different to conventional buildings a whole new set of rules apply these need to be explored, p , understood and worked with

Principles of element design


16/02/2008 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

19/06/2009

NGS

18

POED: Roofs

POED: Windows/Glazing

Performance Design
Establish the Performance requirements of the building Then design the elements to meet them E.g. g What is the design g life? This forces us to address durability And gives an opportunity to consider whole life costs and life cycle analysis We also need to consider the energy demands of the building during that life

Design Responsibility
www.greenspec.co.uk k
20/07/2007 NGS 2006 Title 1

Design R Responsibility ibilit

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Performance Specification
If the Project is Design & Build or the contract or package has Contractors Design Portion The conventional designer passes the responsibility for the whole design or for completing the design to t th the 2 2nd d party, t th the contractors t t d designer i Its vitally important that all of the performance requirements are understood and communicated to the 2nd party And that the design solution is judged against them

Procurement Methods
www.greenspec.co.uk k
02/06/2007 NGS 2006 Title 1

Procurement Methods
Building Co ontract sub-contractor sub-contractor Consultants supplier supplier General C t t Contractor Domestic Nominated

Contract for Services Building Contract sub-contracts and suppliers Collateral Warranties Employer Co-ordination

GC, D&B, MC, CM, DMC, BOOT

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Specification Responsibility
www.greenspec.co.uk k
02/06/2007 NGS 2006 Title 1

Specification Responsibility
Changes with Procurement methods

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Performance Drawings
Just as the specifications describe principles g should not be p prescriptive p either drawings Internal and external profiles and primary structural elements Movements to be accommodated, any limitations Abutments and surrounds But not materials and no construction

Pitched Roofs Performance v Prescriptive

Flat Roofs Performance v Prescriptive

16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

www.greenspec.co.uk

Sustainable Materials i l
On GreenSpec website

16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

www.greenspec.co.uk

GreenSpec p Product Selection Criteria


Use materials with these characteristics to make sustainable buildings

GreenSpec Homepage 1

GreenSpec Product Selection 1


16/02/2008 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

19/06/2009

NGS

32

GreenSpec Product Selection 2


16/02/2008 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

19/06/2009

NGS

33

GreenSpec Product Selection 3


16/02/2008 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

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NGS

34

GreenSpec Product Selection 4


16/02/2008 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

19/06/2009

NGS

35

GreenSpec Product Selection 5


16/02/2008 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

19/06/2009

NGS

36

GreenSpec Environmental Assessment Criteria Topics


Energy, greenhouse gases and global warming Low embodied energy Less GHG/ODP in manufacture, use and/or demolition and disposal Low operational energy Natural Resources: Renewable & abundant Rapid renewal Post Consumer Recycled Content Post Industrial Recycled Content Commonly Recycled Agricultural Bi-products / Waste Durability Failure Modes Reclaim / Reuse potential Take-back/ Product Stewardship Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) Eco Packaging Water conservation Waste reduction Habitat degradation Reduced land impact Reduced water impact Toxicity to the environment: Reduced Life Cycle Toxicity Eliminate Life Cycle Carcinogen Reduced Smog Manufacture, contractor and occupant health: low/Reduced Off-gassing Toxics or Carcinogens Moisture resistance Contaminants Air quality Maintenance

16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

www.greenspec.co.uk

Sustainability Ch kli Checklist


On GreenSpec website Prompts to help design sustainable buildings

New Design Issues


For most of the design professions and y as a whole the construction industry Sustainability is completely new NGS GreenSpec has provided an easy starting point For F each h trade t d there th is i a list li t of f prompts t Avoid those, consider this, recycle these, etc.

Sustainability Checklist
www.greenspec.co.uk k
24/06/2007 NGS 2006 Title 1

Sustainability Checklist
On GreenSpec website Prompts to help design sustainable buildings

Integrated design
Insulating & Compatible g Fabric Building

Passive Heating Renewable Energy

Energy Efficiency

Passive P i Ventilation & MVHR

Fully Integrated Design


Not only is it necessary to match up the building fabric with the method of heating and ventilation so they work well together Its is vitally important that the design disciplines work well individually on sustainability issues And that they work co-operatively towards a fully y joined j up p design g which works Moreover when the design works well it is vital to ensure that the designed building is constructed and not substituted or compromised by the constructor.

Integrated Design - half day seminar


Integrated Design
Building Regulations Part L of the, The Sustainable and Secure Buildings Act and the Code for Sustainable Homes, g to work closely y across disciplines p to address sustainable Professionals are encouraged construction issues. Areas such as heating, ventilation and renewable energy technologies require a cross disciplinary approach to improve the chances of success. Lucy Pedler of The Green Register key drivers for sustainable construction and the circle of blame. Celia Beeson (Sustainable City Team, Bristol City Council) James Howard (Urban Splash) A hit t C Architect Craig i Whit White (Whit (White Design) D i ) Engineers - Andy Jarvis (Ernest Griffiths Consulting) and Tim Mander (Integral Structural Design). Reclaimed materials resourcer Nicole Lazerus (BioRegional) encouraging contractors to break out of their usual procurement routes. Contractor Andrew Pears (Kotuku) site waste management and reusing/recycling C&D materials. Jim Allen, Ellis llis and Moore engineers, moderator Opportunity to contribute to the discussion in breakout sessions Delegate feedback: "More of these seminars please! "Brilliant mix of speakers" "Avoiding the pitfalls by listening to first-hand experience was very useful "Do it again!"

Green Solutions Energy Efficiency


www.greenspec.co.uk k
21/10/2007 NGS 2006 Title 1

Energy Effi E Efficient i t Design Green Solutions Commercial Green


Appropriate systems

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Energy Efficient Building Solutions


10/02/2007 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

Energy Efficient Buildings Violet & Green S l ti Solutions


16/02/2008 10:06 NGS 2000-7 Energy Efficient Green Buildings 1

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Specification Substitution
www.greenspec.co.uk

Specification S b tit ti Substitution


Case Law, ,p practices & p pitfalls

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Commercial Green
Currently there are many technologies that are well understood but many are no longer suitable to tackle global warming We need to adopt new methods that are sufficiently well developed that their prices have reached commercial levels Some technologies are still immature and their prices reflect this Commercial Green is about finding the solutions that are for free:
natural ventilation solar gains

economic now:
Air Source Heat Pumps
not GSHP (expensive to install but cheap to run)

Solar Thermal hot water But B t probably b bl not: t


Photovoltaic: for some time yet unless an off-grid application Wind turbines (attached to house roof unlikely to work)

Commercial Green
03/10/2007 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk k

Commercial Green
Andrew Pettifer Gifford and Partners

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon And a paper on the website to read

GreenSpec Homepage 1

GreenSpec Research Papers 1

GreenSpec Commercial Green

Commercial Green PDF

Mind Maps

In a complex world.

A perspective on building technologies for the mainstream UK


Straightforward, work well, standalone, better communal Nice to have, more effort required, expensive

Ar rchitec cture

Prerequisites, easy, low costs

Mind Map clarified + EcoBling


Height (Stratification) Active Natural Ventilation Heat Recovery Sol Air

Holi istic Buildings Proven La arge Scale Products

Site Orientation Building shape and form Winter Atria Winter Garden Metal windows Low E Argon Best Windows: Low E Argon Wood ___ Low E Triple Glazing Light Shelves Domestic Passive Solar Overhangs Shading Fixing external Shades Colour _____ Shading Move Open Plan Layout Mixed space Layout Cellular Layout Exposed Mass Mass Improved Roof Sedum Roof Turf Roof Earth Sheltering Timber Construction Transparent Insulation 0.00 Insulation Best Practice Insulation Green Insulation Ultimate Insulation Air/Heat Commercial Air tightness g Membranes Domestic Air tightness Domestic near-zero heat

Ni ht V Night Ventilation til ti Mi Mixed dM Mode d V Ventilation til ti Draught D ht V Ventilation til ti Displacement Ventilation Functional Checks Low E Appliances Simple Light Controls Low E Lighting High Efficiency Boiler Low Temp Heating Condensing Boilers Low Temp Diff Cooling Zoned Controls Optimised Controls Local Controls Variable Speed Drives Variable Speed Pumps Zoning TFT Monitors (arrived sooner) Reducing Heat gains Improved ____ Heating/Cooling Widening Comfort Targets Plant Insulation Window Design

C Comfort f t cooling li Ai Air C Conditioning diti i Desiccant cooling Complex lighting controls Chilled ceiling / beams BMS

Sust tainable e

Day-lighting Views Landscape Use Simple Material Choices Gas/Oil/Electricity Reducing Waste/Recycling/Life Cycle Simple Water Use Reduction Land Use

Vegetation Shading Permeable Landscape ______ Cooling Wind Driven Ventilation Poke Hole C Determined Materials Choices Mixed available materials BioMass Heat Pump Air-Ground Hydro Wind Adaptability/Flexibility Solar Thermal Better Appliances CHP Micro CHP Fuel Cells Rainwater Harvesting Greywater Recycling

Now

+5years Part L & CfSH

Kyoto Targets -20% CO2

+10 CfSH

+50 Energy White Paper -60% CO2

Holist tic Commu unities

Eng gineerin ng

GreenSpec Coping with Substitution

Extreme Energy Refurbishment


10/02/2007 NGS 2006 Title 1

Extreme Energy Refurbishment


Emphasis on Energy

www.greenspec.co.uk

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Climate Change
16/02/2008 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

As the climate changes it is anticipated that all natures forces we are familiar with will become more extreme: Stronger winds winds, dryer summers, summers wetter winters, more intense rainfall, etc. We need to design accordingly but also to try to mitigate the changes
19/06/2009 NGS 57

www.greenspec.co.uk k

27/09/2007

NGS 2006 Title

Global Imperative

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Energy Refurbishment
17/07/2007 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

Energy Refurbishment
Public and Private Housing Industrial & Business Premises Reduction in demand Appropriate Improvements Appropriate Commercial Installations

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Global Warming
16/02/2008 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

The consequences are already showing p on a regular g basis, , not just j across up the world, but increasingly in Europe and the UK.

19/06/2009

NGS

60

Consequence of No action
www.greenspec.co.uk k
28/07/2007 NGS 2006 Title 1

Consequences of no action

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Future Proofing
16/02/2008 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

Reliance on fossil fuels which release carbon dioxide and other green house gasses is futile Multi-fuelled M lti f ll d b boilers il th that t can change h over t to biomass and bio-diesel fuels as they become available may not be okay (land use priorities) Making provision for the addition of renewable heat and energy generation will make their addition feasible and economical Not being reliant on the need for heating and cooling at all is better still
19/06/2009 NGS 62

Climate Change Readiness


04/12/2007 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

Climate Change Readiness


Future Proofing

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

How Sustainability is presented


Economic
Sustainable

Social Environmental

Towards sustainability

Sustainable

Sustainable: where all three are present in all activities

Sustainable

What we need to strive for

What is Green Construction? Energy Use


Energy Saving?
Now this is the most important issue, if we fail on this by 2015, is there a future after 2050? But its not the only issue

Low L embodied b di d energy


If we take energy saving on board then: Low energy use in production Low mileage from source to site Local suppliers, subcontractors and tradesmen

Z Zero Emissions/Energy E i i /E Development D l t


Reduce demand for artificial light g and heating: Outdoor living y life Conservatory sunny warm cave to retreat to in the cold of night

Hockerton Newark Nottinghamshire

Hot house in the middle of winter Ventilation for summer No heating S l gain Solar i Exposed p thermal mass Windows and Doors to house

50 mm. cavity y is history 300 mm. is optimum Ties and p g tie spacings may change
BedZED Beddington Sutton Architect: Dr Bill Dunster

Zero Fossil Fuel Energy Development High thermal mass cavity walls and floors Low U values Rock Mineral Fibre Long 2 part cavity ties

BedZED Beddington Sutton Architect: Dr Bill Dunster

Zero Fossil Fuel Energy Development High thermal mass cavity walls walls, roofs and floors Low U values 300 mm mm. Rock Mineral Fibre Long 2 part cavity ties
BedZED Beddington Sutton Architect: Bill Dunster

High g Thermal Mass at surfaces fairfaced brick, block and plank

Zero Energy Development


Zero Energy gy Development Use of thermal mass of earth to store heat for 6 months
Mile End Road Park

Zero Energy Development


Heat transfer in soil 1m/mth 6m insulation boards at perimeter 6 months of heat storage
Mile End Road Park

Zero Energy Development


Heat exchange into rear earth from pipes, p p , avoids pumps and motors
Mile End Road Park

Zero Energy Development


12/03/2007 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

ZED Zero Energy Development l


Hockerton HHP BedZED Mile End Park

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

www.greenspec.co.uk

Thermal I Insulation l i
Some of the characteristics that make if important

Insulation
16/02/2008 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

Insulation Insulation Insulation Spend money on cheap insulation Save money on heating and cooling plant Save money on heating and cooling bills

19/06/2009

NGS

79

CO2 and Carbon reduction


Do not limit to complying with Building Regulations Approved Document L1A L1A, L1B L1B, L2A L2A, L2B Set out to exceed Kyoto, EU or UK CO2 targets Strive for Zero Carbon buildings now not 2016 Insulation costs less than plant Reduce heating, cooling, ventilation and air-conditioning demands towards zero Windows: U value of 1.0 W/m2.K or better Walls: U value of 0.1 W/m2.K or better Airtightness: less than 1, not 10 of Building Regulations

Hydrophobic y p Insulation in masonry y


Glass or rock mineral wool thermal or acoustic insulation If used in wet construction e.g. e g masonry cavity wall the moisture content of the wall is expected to be 3% MC Rainwater can pour down the inside face of the external leaf Hydrophobic materials in these conditions will absorb moist air and water The water will occupy py the air spaces p and prevent p the insulation from acting as insulation Its performance drops off unless it can lose the water High g resin content can offer some resistance to water uptake Fibre orientation or disorientation can discourage capillary attraction into the depth of the insulation Allegedly All dl the th insulation i l ti keeps k the th moisture i t close l to t the th exposed surface

Hygroscopic Insulation
Any natural plant based material: hemp, straw, flax, coconut husk, cellulose, sheeps wool, grass, etc. Air trapped in material is what makes insulation work Water does not work in the same way Moisture laden air or interstitial condensation occupies the space that air would Stops hydrophobic insulation from insulating Hygroscopic insulation absorbs the moisture into the fibre leaving the air spaces to insulate Releases the moisture when conditions are right and it leaves the construction and building

Thermal Insulation N Newspaper Flax Hemp Sheeps wool Cellulose

Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

Other Topics
16/02/2008 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

r and k values U values Thermal Mass in insulation D Decrement t (h (heat t passage over ti time through insulation and thermal mass) Thermal Inertia Resistance to radiant heat E.g. Dense cellulose fibre 19/06/2009 NGS

85

Thick walls, , roofs and floors


We have a preoccupation with thin walls 300 mm mm. or less Which drives the demand for energy intensive man man-made made petrochemical derived CFC HCFC HFC foamed plastic O3 Ozone Depletion Greenhouse Gas Potential 300-600 mm. optimum insulation thickness
Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

Cellulose Fibre
High acoustic density & high thermal mass cellulose fibre insulation boards in:
Walls roofs

Phenomenal performance compared to:


glass/rock mineral expanded polystyrene plastics insulation
19/06/2009 NGS 87

Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

Radiant heat through 50 mm mm. of thermal insulation types over time


80 70 Tempera ature deg gC 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1 min 2 min 3 min 4 min Time Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

EPS Rockfibre Cellulose

Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

% of sound passing through insulation % sound passing through insulation


70 % of soun nd passin ng 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 EPS RockFibre Frequency
Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

low medium high


Cellulose

16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

www.greenspec.co.uk

Other Issues

Local Sourceing

www.greenspec.co.uk

Local Sourcing
Why is it important Where to look

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Local Sourcing
Support local economy Use local contractors Who use local labour I l di l Including local l craftsmen ft using i l local l vernacular methods Procure local materials Minimise transport p and emissions Score EcoHomes and BREEAM points

Local Sourcing
Government Funded Projects If above set thresholds EU Procurement Rules apply WTO R Rules l apply: l d despite it globalisation l b li ti Specify by Product Reference NBS Preliminaries say Or Equivalent Manage Specification Substitution Especially Surreptitious variety

16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

www.greenspec.co.uk

19/06/2009

NGS

96

16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

www.greenspec.co.uk

19/06/2009

NGS

97

Not cheap imports


FSC may not be cheap but its not illegal 60% of imported timber illegally logged Cheap stone from china and india M Means families f ili in i effective ff ti slavery l

19/06/2009

NGS

98

Indian Sandstone No PPE No sickness payments Child Labour

Not Local Source


16/02/2008 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk

Move CO2 generation and pollution to other locations and countries China is making many goods to sell in the UK Some are cheap and short life Some may y be q quality y China supplies much of UK Xmas goods China is building many fossil fuel power stations 19/06/2009 NGS 100

What is Green Construction? Resource Efficiency


Not wasteful in production
Energy, water, materials and waste Low emissions in production

Water and other resource Saving?


Water W t Minerals

Reuse or Recycle bi-products and waste

What are Green Construction materials?


Natural Healthy
Non-toxic Low Allergy

Environment-friendly
Gl Global b l Local Internal air quality

What are Green Construction materials?


Non-polluting Non-synthetic Non synthetic Human friendly:
CDM CDM, COSHH and d Egan E Grower, Extractor, Manufacturer, Constructor Occupant, Constructor, Occupant Refurbisher, Refurbisher Demolisher, Recycler Precautionary Principal Low allergy

What are Green Construction materials?


Long Life & Durability?
This is important: Green short life materials are not helpful

Especially if design life is rationalised to durable, replaceable & maintainable Design to include demountability Avoid demolition and ensure all materials t i l are reusable bl or recyclable l bl

Space frame and PVs

Earth Centre Doncaster

Space p Frame

Reclaimed Telegraph poles & HDG fixings & fastenings


Earth Centre Doncaster

What are Green construction products?


Proper Materials used correctly?
BSI KM, BBA, ETA, CE Yes but there are other ways Not the only solution

What are Green Construction materials?


Traditional
readily available economical durable, durable tried, tested and survived Not certified

Renewable and made by nature


Reeds R d f for th thatch t h Trees for timber

Traditional: Thatch roofing exposed timber structure

W Shakespeare's Globe Theatre

Timber structures

W Shakespeare's Globe Theatre

What are Green Construction materials?


Renewable and Sustainable in their manufacture
Timber Durable Species Avoiding preservative treated (& energy) Legal and Sustainable Plantation products Wood, Fibre as board, Paper
Care with adhesives

Reused or Recycled materials

Grid Shell

Spreading resources thinly


Earth Centre Doncaster

What are Green Construction materials?


Avoidance of non-renewables
Petrochemical Hydro-carbon: oil based Plastics (bio (bio-plastics plastics okay)

ZODP Ozone-friendly
CFC, CFC HCFC HCFC, HFC & HFA free

Low Greenhouse Gas potential

Thermal Insulation C ll l Cellulose fib fibre: R Recycled l d Newspaper & Magazines

Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

Timber Curtain Walling


Timber Structure, Curtain Walling, Walling Doors & Boarding
Minimise cold bridges Natural sustainable material Mostly reclaimed and reused timber Minimise embodied energy
Visitors Centre, Caf, Retail: Earth Centre Doncaster Architect: Dr Bill Dunster

Rammed Earth Walls any shape many ingredients colours & textures

Rammed Earth for Thermal, acoustic & moisture mass

Rammed Earth Load-bearing & Beautiful

Rammed Earth Walls?

Visitors Centre Eden

EVT Enhanced Vapour Transfer


Hygroscopic insulation maintain their performance even when wet Vapour and water released when conditions permit No need for Vapour Barrier Use vapour permeable construction 5:1 ratio VR inside:outside and an air tightness layer
Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

Vapour p Balanced Construction Compound rafters C ll l Cellulose i insulation l ti Acoustic brick floor Timber floor planks Ti b fibre Timber fib insulation i l ti Timber frame walls Timber batten clad
Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

Cellulose Fibre
Optimum: 300 600 mm. 300-600 mm deep compound rafters with Cellulose fibre insulation High acoustic density and high thermal mass cellulose fibre insulation boards in walls and floors

Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

Thermal Acoustic & Moisture Mass


Thermal mass: High thermal mass cellulose fibre insulation boards in walls and floors Acoustic unfired clay bricks in floor construction or fired honeycomb blocks in walls and floors adds thermal mass
Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

Timber Structures Compound rafters I beams roof and ground floor Timber floor planks Timber frame walls
Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

Plywood compound structural sections Deep sections accommodate thermal i insulation l ti

Layered Construction simplifies details and avoids interfaces Ventilation zone Insulation zone Wiring zone Dont puncture DampPM GasPM and DampPM, VB or BM and ATL add services zones to avoid complications
Aberystwyth Arts Centre: Architect: Smith Roberts: Peter N Roberts

Layering of Construction avoids Services Interfaces Construction Logistics g Complexity P t ti l d Potential delay l
Aberystwyth Arts Centre: Architect: Smith Roberts: Peter N Roberts

Surface mounted service ducts:


Avoid exclusion zones Avoid chasing masonry Avoid noise Avoid masonry dust Avoid waste materials Avoid conduits Avoid Rendering-in Avoid Plastering over Use hollow skirting skirting, dado & services cover

What are Green Approaches to Construction?


Design to minimise waste We are familiar with sizing walls to bricks and half brick lengths What about: blocks internally Panels in modules Lengths g of structural members

Untreated Unseasoned Unfinished Durable Species p Boarding. T ll plinth Tall li th protects t t timber from ground water and d rain i splash l h
Aberystwyth Arts Centre: Architect: Smith Roberts: Peter N Roberts

Untreated unseasoned unfinished durable species boarding. plinth p protects Tall p timber from ground water p and rain splash Acid timbers need p care and stainless special steel fasteners

Aberystwyth Arts Centre: Architect: Smith Roberts: Peter N Roberts

Methods of Assembly Fixings and Fastenings g permit deconstruction and reuse of structural components t
Welsh Wild Life Centre, Architect: Niall Phillips: Peter N Roberts

Methods of Assembly and Fastenings to permit p deconstruction and d reuse of f components


Greenwich Millennium Village and Oxford Science Park Architect: Proctor Matthews

Biodiveristy

www.greenspec.co.uk

Biodiversity d retention enhancement


Biodiversity, Eco-Landscape Landscape Waste management

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Design to minimise waste


www.greenspec.co.uk

Waste W t Reduction By Design


Reduction at the Drawing Board
Easy steps to reduce your share of the 90 m tonnes of construction and demolition waste each year

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Structural Systems

Green St Structural t l solutions


NGS

www.greenspec.co.uk

08/07/2005

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Minimise use of OP Cement


In Concrete, screed, render and blockwork Consider GGBS, PFA Use secondary and recycled aggregates Use U plastic, l ti glass l and d other th aggregates t Recycled paper and tyre wire reinforcement

Reuse Reclaimed materials


Timber Steel sections Steel piles St Stone

Use local grown timber


Small section timber laminated Laminated structural components Laminated joinery D Durable bl S Species i Avoid preservatives Passivhaus windows and doors use y to reduce cold bridging g g cork layer

Compound rafters C ll l Cellulose i insulation l ti Acoustic brick floor Timber floor planks Ti b fibre Timber fib insulation i l ti Timber frame walls Timber batten clad
Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

Sustainable Services
www.greenspec.co.uk

Sustainable Services
CPD topic

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Structure, fabric, glazing and services in harmony


Sainsbury food store Greenwich Peninsula

Sustainable Green Interior Finishes

www.greenspec.co.uk

Green Interiors G I t i & Finishes


Materials Finishes Decoration

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Healthy alternatives to common products


Pl Plastics ti alternatives lt ti Non petro-chemical PVC alternatives in floor, wall, ceiling finishes and services Linoleum not PVC vinyl Chemical and toxin free materials Natural, vegetable, mineral, traditional Formaldehyde free products Low VOC finishes and adhesives

Natural ingredient Paints Stains Oils Waxes Polishes S l Sealers


Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

Clay boards
Clay Boards R d & Clay Reed Cl Clay finishes Can sustain high h idit where humidity h gypsum/paper will ill h harbour b mould
Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

Clay finishes
Clay finishes absorb moisture, smells EMF radiation Mineral based paint Chemical reaction with background 100 year life Good colour retention
Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

Modern interpretations of traditional techniques


loadbearing timber blockwork off-site off site prefabricated insulated panels Oak framed buildings R Rammed d earth th walls ll Straw bale walls

Unusual products
loadbearing timber blockwork off off-site site prefabricated insulated wall roof or floor panels Structural timber plank floors

STEKO L db Load-bearing i ti timber b bl blockwork k k


Construction Resources Showrooms Southwark London

Use of over produced and underused materials


sheep's wool as thermal insulation grass cuttings as thermal insulation!
If it is not being composted already

recycled newspaper as cellulose fibre thermal or acoustic insulation

Grow your own Construction Products


Sheeps Wool insulation Straw bale for walls Reed for thatching H Hemp for f walls ll Trees for timber: frame, fabric, components and finishes Trees for bio-fuel

Healthy alternatives to common products


Plastics alternatives
Non petro petro-chemical chemical

PVC alternatives in roofs, floors and secondary elements Chemical and toxin free materials Non-allergenic, N ll i Natural, vegetable, mineral, traditional Formaldehyde free products

16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

Second S dH Hand d Building g Products

www.greenspec.co.uk

Second Hand Goods

Second Hand Goods


Architectural Salvage Eco Salvage www.wastetraders.com www.salvo.co.uk l k Local Yellow pages /UK

www. www

Local Waste Exchange

Waste Recycled as Product Recycled


05/10/2006 NGS 2006 Title 1

Construction Products & Materials


Recycled Upcycled Downcycled

www.greenspec.co.uk

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Waste Management
26/06/2007 NGS 2006 Title

www.greenspec.co.uk k

Waste in Construction: Site issues


1

50% reduction in waste is easy

construction, demolition & excavation

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

Second S dH Hand d Buildings g

www.greenspec.co.uk

Rehabilitation
09/02/2008 NGS 2006 Title 1

www.greenspec.co.uk k

Refurbishment R f bi h Issues & History


Traditional & Conservation Grant Funded Refurbishment Energy Refurbishment Eco Refurbishment Sustainable Refurbishment

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

Traditional trades:

16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

GreenSpec G S Energy: gy Renewables

www.greenspec.co.uk

www.greenspec.co.uk k

24/06/2007

NGS 2006 Title

NGS Energy: Renewables


GreenSpec Energy pages

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon

16/02/2008

NGS 2006 Title

www.greenspec.co.uk

Renewables Ready

www.greenspec.co.uk k

24/06/2007

NGS 2006 Title

NGS Image Bank: Renewables Ready

Another GreenSpec CPD seminar to download soon