Anda di halaman 1dari 2

ABSTRAK

Fraktur adalah terputusnya kontinuitas struktur tulang karena trauma langsung ataupun tidak langsung, yang paling banyak disebabkan oleh kecelakaan. Fraktur menjadi masalah kesehatan yang cukup banyak terjadi di masyarakat dan menimbulkan keparahan disabilitas bagi penderitanya. Pada tahun 2009 di RSUD Dr.Pirngadi Medan terdapat 114 kasus fraktur. Untuk mengetahui karakteristik penderita fraktur di RSUD Dr. Pirngadi Medan tahun 2009 dilakukan penelitian deskriptif dengan desain case series. Populasi dan sampel penelitian berjumlah 114 data (total sampling). Data diperoleh dari rekam medis, analisa data dengan menggunakan uji chi-square, t-test dan anova. Proporsi penderita fraktur berdasarkan sosiodemografi tertinggi pada kelompok umur 16 - 26 tahun (40,3%), jenis kelamin laki laki (69,3%), suku Batak (51,7%), agama Islam (65,8%), pendidikan SMA (55,3%), pekerjaan wiraswata (27,2%), status perkawinan sama besar (50%), sumber biaya program pemerintah (57,9%), kecelakaan lalu lintas (78,9%), fraktur tertutup (73,7%), ekstremitas bawah (55,3%), operasi (55,3%), lama rawatan rata rata (9 hari), pulang berobat jalan (60,5%). Ada perbedaan proporsi jenis fraktur berdasarkan penatalaksanaan medis (p=0,002), Ada perbedaan proporsi sumber biaya berdasarkan penatalaksanaan medis (p=0,035), Tidak ada perbedaan proporsi lama rawatan rata rata berdasarkan jenis fraktur (p=0,147), Ada perbedaan proporsi lama rawatan rata rata berdasarkan keadaan sewaktu pulang (p=0,000). Tidak ada perbedaan proporsi jenis kelamin berdasarkan penyebab fraktur (p=0,854), Tidak ada perbedaan proporsi jenis kelamin berdasarkan jenis fraktur (p=0,716). Kepada pihak rumah sakit diharapkan untuk melengkapi pencatatan pada kartu status pasien seperti pendidikan, pekerjaan,menambahkan data komplikasi fraktur dan bentuk patahan fraktur. Perlu diberikan informasi agar pasien lebih baik berobat di rumah sakit daripada melakukan pengobatan tradisional ke dukun patah tulang. Kata Kunci: Fraktur, Karakteristik

Universitas Sumatera Utara

ABSTRACT

Fracture is the disruption in the continuity of a bone because direct trauma or indirect trauma, in the most common cause is accident. Fracture to become the most problem health in the people and make serious disability for sufferer. In Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital on 2009 was found 114 case of fracture. To determine the characteristic of fracture patients hospitalized at Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital Medan in 2009 conducted a descriptive study with a case series design. Population and sample amounted to 114 persons (total sampling). Data collected from medical record, analyzed the data using chi-square test, t-test and anova. The highest proportion of patients based on sosiodemography, highest age16 26 years old (40,3%), with male (69,3%), Batak ethnic (51,7%), Islamic (65,8%), senior high school (55,3%), private officials (27,2%), married same highest (50%), government program (57,9%), traffic accident (78,9%), closed fracture (73,7%), lower extremity (55,3%), surgical operation (55,3%), average length of hospitalization (9 days), discharge in outpatients (60,5%). There was a difference proportion of type fracture based on surgical procedur (p=0,002), there was a difference proportion of cost resources based on surgical procedure (p=0,035), there was not difference proportion of average length of hospitalization based on type fracture (p=0,147), there was a difference proportion of average length based on condition when discharge (p=0,000), there was not difference proportion sex of patient based on cause fracture(p=0,854), there was not difference proportion sex of patient based on type fracture(p=0,716). Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital suggested to complete the medical record such as education, occupation, fracture complication and shape fragment of fracture. Recommended for the patients that more safe get the hospitalization better than traditional medicine.

Keyword : Fracture, Characteristic

Universitas Sumatera Utara