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A Tale of Two cities As Historical and Tragical Novel Limited view of the French Revolution: A TALE OF TWO CITIES is a historical novel pertaining to the period before and during the French Revolution. CHARLES DICKENS had always written one historical novel, Barnaby Rudge which dealt with the period of English History. By the time, he wrote A TALE OF TWO CITIES he was vitally interested in history. In FR, he found a subject worthy of his broad conceptions a great nation ripening its own destruction literally France of course, but by implication England, too. However, it must be kept that CHARLES DICKENSs novel doesnt by any means depict the enormous sweep and drama of the French Revolution in all its complexity. CHARLES DICKENS has condensed the basic threat of the Revolution and the basic lesson that can be drawn from it by depicting the effects of the Terror, or the revengeful side of the revolution, on small group of people who get involved in these public events against their will. A number of sources supplied to Dickens the inspiration of his story of the FR. The main source was Carlyles French Revolution which Dickens had studied many times. In this book, he found a perfect source for the principal historical scenes and events that he needed for his purpose. The basic idea for the plot was derived by Dickens from a play called the Frozen Deep by Wilkie Collins. A novel called Zanoni written by Lytton in a similar context also supplied help to CHARLES DICKENS. The core of the story of the play is the sacrifice which a character called Wardour makes in order to save the life of Aldersley. When this play was staged the role of the self-sacrificing lover was played by Dickens himself with great zest and passion. Dickens transferred the involvement which he had experienced in the acting of The Frozen Deep to the writing of A TALE OF TWO CITIES. Dickens has identified himself completely with the part played by Sydney Carton in the story. This is one aspect of the link between the novel and the personal feelings of the author. Crisis and Revolution in his personal life: While A TALE OF TWO CITIES was maturing in his mind, Dickens was passing through a series of dramatic personal events. His married life with Catherine had never been happy since the marriage took place. There were two reasons for this unhappiness. One was incompatibility with his temperament. Second was that Dickens was deeply interested in a girl before and during the marriage. In his early youth, he had successfully courted a young girl named Maria Beadnell, but she died causing a great shock and grief to Dickens. Later his feelings were taken up by an actress named Ellen Ternan who played the role of Clara in the Frozen Deep with Dickens. Catherine could no longer bear this relationship and got separated. Such was the personal crisis in his life which were externalized into A TALE OF TWO CITIES. The French Revolution which deeply affected the destiny of the characters in A TALE OF TWO CITIES overtook Dickens as a man, as a husband and as a lover. A TALE OF TWO CITIES enabled Dickens to combine his bent toward social criticism and warning with the technique and point of view of the historical novel, and it also enabled him to find an escape from the torments of his personal struggles and at the same time expose those pains in a symbolic form. Elements of a tragedy: It is not a full historical or personal novel. It is basically a tragedy written in the background of French Revolution. It depicts the fortunes and misfortune of some individuals who are drawn into the public events. It is impossible to take the French Revolution as the theme of the novel. Despite all its melodramatic, injustice, barbaric and historical scenes of the Revolution, we can, unhesitatingly, state that A TALE OF TWO CITIES is a genuine and realistic tragedy. A true tragedy in literature depicts suffering and misfortune and shows human beings struggling against the whirlpools of life. Pathos is the chief emotional effect of a tragedy, but not pathos alone because pathos alone means sentimentality. In a tragedy, the feeling of pathos is essentially noble and capable

of rising to great heights. A true tragedy produces an exhilarating effect upon the reader by showing the lofty and heroic side of human nature while also taking cognizance of the mean, evil and wicked manifestations of human nature. Pity and Fear are the two dominant emotions aroused by a tragedy, but a true tragedy must effect a catharsis of these and kindred emotions. Though a novel written with a great deal of objectivity and detachment is yet one having a great personal and autobiographical significance. It was written at the time when Dickens was passing through a great crisis and a mental struggle in his life. The crisis and the mental struggle are reflected in the troubled lives of the characters. The revolution in Dickens own mind shows him struggling with himself not only as a man but also as an artist in order to evolve a new method and technique of expression. So far his life as a man is concerned, three of the main characters, namely Charles Darnay, Sydney Carton and Lucie Manette become projections of Dickens himself. At the time this novel was written, Dickens wanted an escape from the torments of his personal struggle and this novel helped him. Limitations of A TALE OF TWO CITIES as a historical novel: A TALE OF TWO CITIES does have obvious limitations as a historical novel. It attempts no really panoramic view of either the English or The French political world of those critical years (1775-1793). Barnaby Rudge was even more comprehensive in nature as a historical novel. In A TALE OF TWO CITIES, CHARLES DICKENS depicts the beginnings of popular discontent in France; the rising dissatisfaction of the people, the turmoil caused by public fury, and the excesses and barbarities committed by the revolutionaries during the years of the FR. CHARLES DICKENS gives us no connected account of the FR, its progress, and its culmination. He gives us brief and shattered accounts of some of the principal episodes. He doesnt give us systematic analysis of the causes of the FR, but he manages to convey to us all the horrors of the FR. Similarly, he takes no notice of the historical personalities and their contribution such as Mirabeau and Napoleon. Nor did he attempt to do what Tolstoy might have attempted. Dickenss main concern so far as FR is concerned, was to show that extreme injustice leas to violence and violence then leads to in human cruelty as shown by the Reign of Terror in France. In the first part, Dickenss sympathizes with the poor and downtrodden, but at the end these people become the villains who therefore repel him. Historical scenes in A TALE OF TWO CITIES: Dickenss first reference to the outward causes of the FR comes in the chapter, The Wine-Shop in which he uses the symbol of the mill to convey the grinding poverty though which the people of Saint Antoine are passing. Other chapters such as, Monseigneur in town, Monseigneur in the country and The Gordons Head Monseigneur, Marquis Evremonde symbolizes the entire privileged class and his assassination by Gaspard, Gaspards hanging and the registration of the Evremonde family and of the spy, John Barsad are the pointers in the same direction. One of the best-known episodes of the French Revolution is then briefly described by Dickens in the Chapter; Echoing Footsteps That episode is the storming of the Bastille Madame Defarges cutting off the head of the governor with her own hands prepares us for the excess which will be committed by the revolutionaries. But the real brutalities and excesses are described at the end when the prisoners in La Force are waiting to be cut off, a frightening description of the weapons by the revolutionaries on the grindstone and the awful working of the La Guillotine (The National Razor which shaved close). None of the great historical leaders are mentioned, only the executioner Samson is mentioned. In the final part of the novel, Dickens has followed Carlyle very closely. However, Dickenss debt to Carlyle is much greater than has been indicated above. Dickenss accounts of trials, prison procedures, the tumbrels and the guillotine have all come from Carlyle. The interweaving of personal life with the FR: A TALE OF TWO CITIES essentially the story of a group of private individuals, but this story has been told against the background of the French Revolution which shook France in the years 1789-93. Dickenss main achievement lies not only in giving us graphic and stirring accounts in the manner of Carlyle, but also in interweaving the personal

lives of a group of private characters with the events of the FR. (a brief summary that how the characters are slowly drawn into the FR. The real identity of Charles Darnay, wrongs done to Dr. Manette by Evremonde family. Their sexual harassment of a girl and Dr. Manettes evidence so that he had to stay under prison. Why Madame Defarge is revengeful because she is the sister of the girl raped by the Evremonde family. Etc. describe Darnays visit to France, the arrest and acquittal of Darnay linked with the revolution, the death sentence against Darnay, the substitution of Sydney Carton and conclusion of the whole incident.). The Tragedy of Dr. Manette: This man was a promising young physician, leading a quiet and peaceful life with his wife in the city of Paris. His life was blighted by the cruelty of the two Evremonde brothers who took him to attend upon a young girl and her dying young brother. Give his story of sufferingto the end Sufferings of Lucie and Darnay: Life is not very kind to Lucie and her husband either. Lucie lost her mother when he was still a child. She had never seen her father who lay in the Bastille. She falls in love with Darnay and marries him though she doesnt leave her father. Describe their sufferings. Lucies sufferings as a wife and daughter. Darnays trial at the Bailey and later im prisonment at the Bastille and his rescue etc. The Tragedy of Sydney Carton: Describe his profligate and depressed life. He himself says to Lucie, I am like one who died young. He is a frustrated individual who sinks lower and lower in life and who is without any hope of improvement. Describe his resurrection and sacrifice for Darnay. The Tragedy of People in General: The grim instance of Marquis running over a child, the drinking of spilled wine. The storming of the Bastille, Defarges cutting the governors head, the sharpening of the weapons, the carmagnole and the National Razor and all tragic incidences. (Describe them in detail from the precious answers.) Dickens own Tragedy: Finally, this novel also conveys indirectly and in a veiled manner the tragic conflict that had been going on in Dickens own mind just before he wrote this novel. In 1855 he separated from his wife because of his love for Ellen Ternan, an actress. The Moral and the theory of revolution: Although Dickens doesnt present any systematic theory of revolution, he certainly reveals a well-defined attitude towards the revolution and seems to have formed certain definite views about it. In writing this novel, he was he was very particular about integrating the personal lives of his characters with wider pattern of history. It is the principal scheme of the novel to show the individual fate mirroring the social order. The lives of both Dr. Manette and Sydney Carton are parables of the revolution, of social regeneration though suffering and sacrifice. (Describe suffering of Manette and sacrifice of Carton and theme). According to one critic, there is no other piece of fiction in which the domestic life o a few simple private people is in such a manner integrated and knitted with the outbreak of a terrible public event, so that one seems to be a part of it. Although Dickens was obsessed with the revolution and its massacre, but he was no revolutionist. It is true that certain Marxist critics have treated A TALE OF TWO CITIES as the text of revolutionary intentions. A revolution, according to Dickens, fills prisons, just as the just social order fills them. Madam Defarge is the ultimate personification of the FR in A TALE OF TWO CITIES; and she is a person whose uncontrolled desire for revenge has changed her into a monster or pure evil. The final struggle between her and Miss. Pross is a contest between the forces of hatred and of love. It is love that wins when Madam Defarge is self-destroyed thought the accidental shooting off her own pistol. This incident shows that Dickens feels no sympathy for the revolutionaries of Madame Defarge type. The actual fact is that Dickens regarded the revolution as a monster. The scenes painted in A TALE OF TWO CITIES are a nightmare it is Dickenss own nightmare. He teaches us that violence leads to violence, that prison is the consequence of prison and that hatred is the reward of hatred. If all French noble men had been as willing to give up their class privileges as Darnay and if all French intellectuals had been so as keen to expose social abuses as Dr. Manette, there might have been no

revolution or at least no revolution of this intensity. His conclusion about the French Revolution in the final chapter is as follows: Major Themes of the Novel "A Tale of Two Cities" Resurrection and Renunciation: A TALE OF TWO CITIES is rich in meaning and significance because it deals with several themes all of which have been skillfully coordinated and integrated with another. Some of these themes are obvious and others are less obvious and need careful examination. Dickens shows grand objectivity of historical events, but also shows personal projection in the novel. However, A TALE OF TWO CITIES is a highly impersonal work with multiplicity of themes. Resurrection is indeed the central theme of A TALE OF TWO CITIES. Resurrection here takes a variety of forms, and almost at every stage, we witness some manifestation of it. Resurrection has, of course, a religious connotation and generally calls up the image of Jesus Christ rising from his grave on the third day of his Crucifixion. But here resurrection requires a secular meaning. In addition to its religious meaning. Related to this is the theme of renunciation. Dickens makes use these twin themes in a very elaborate manner. Dickens derived both of these themes from Wilkie Collins play, The Frozen Deep in the performances of which Dickens himself had taken part as an actor. The resurrection of Dr Manette: First Resurrection: The theme of resurrection is introduced at the very beginning when Mr. Lorry, who is traveling by the mail-coach top Dover, sends a message to Tellisons Bank through the messenger, Jerry Cruncher. The words of Mr. Lorrys message are Recalled to Life. (Give summary of Dr. Manettes story) Mr. Lorry begins to feel drowsy and it seems to him that he is going to Paris in order to dig out a dead man from the grave where he had been long buried. When Lorry meets Dr. Manette, it is truly a resurrection or rebirth after death for Dr. Manette. Second Resurrection: Normal life and living with his daughter, starting his medical practice and his giving up the habit of shoe-making and the return of sanity is his second resurrection. Charles Darnays Resurrection: Give Darnays account of Old Bailey where Dr. Manette, Lucie and Carton are present and Darnay is resurrected because of Sydney Carton from a serious crime of treason against England. Darnays second resurrection: When he is caught in Paris and is prisoned for fifteen months at La Force and is resurrected by the influence of Dr. Manette. (Give account of case and the prevailing condition of Paris after the revolution). Darnays third resurrection: which is the most important. Dr. Manettes written paper discovered from his cell is read out in the court and Darnay is sentenced to death, but his death is replaced by Sydney Carton, a kind fellow. (Give an account his story at the prison). This is his third resurrection. This time he has almost been taken out of his grave. The Resurrection of Carton: Though Carton dies, but he achieves a resurrection in two senses: Firstly, his death constitutes a spiritual resurrection for him. By this sacrificial death, Carton who has been leading a life of profligacy, is morally regenerated. This moral regeneration or redemption is a kind of resurrection for him. Secondly, when Carton conceives his bold plan to save Darnays life, the words of the Christian Burial Service are echo in his ears, I am the Resurrection and the life, saith the Lord: he that believeth in me though he were dead yet shall he live: and whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Carton had heard these words at the time of his fathers funeral, and these words now come to him as a promise that the man who believes in Lord Jesus Christ never dies. These words echo in his ears when he is actually going to be executed. Thus, Carton dies, feeling sure that he will find himself alive in another world. Carton dies with the certainty of resurrection.

The Grotesque resurrection of Cly: There are comic and serious resurrections. Resurrection in this novel assumes some comic and grotesque forms also. Roger Cly, a spy, is believed to have died and been buried in the graveyard of Saint Pancrass Church, but later we find him alive in Paris at his old occupation of spying. So a man who was thought to be dead, came to life is also a kind of comic resurrection. His normal funeral ceremonies were performed and he was buried to avoid the wrath of certain person who had become hostile to him in London. The comic resurrection of Solomon (Barsad): Another comic example of resurrection is Barsad Miss Pross brother whom she had almost given up as dead, but he appears in Paris. Miss Pross unexpectedly sees him and is astonished, though he feels greatly embarrassed to be recognized by her. Jerry Cruncher A Resurrection Man: Another example of the grotesque type of resurrection is to be found in the nefarious business which Jerry Cruncher is pursuing in order to supplement his income. He and his associates dig out newly-buried coffins from their graves and take out the dead bodies in order to sell them to a surgeon for medical purposes. Young Jerry has espied his father at this kind of work and he too aspires to become A resurrection man. Resurrection in the sense of Political and Social regeneration: Finally, resurrection, for the purpose of this novel, may also be taken to mean political and social regeneration. The French People having been oppressed and exploited for centuries have been clamoring for a new political and social order without any success. Ultimately they rise in revolt against the established authority and try to being about sweeping reforms. Of course, their action involves unheard-of-criminal acts. The moral of the French Revolution, according to Dickens is that the upper classes everywhere should take a warning from what happened in France and should mend their ways in order to see that the poor are contented and happy. Renunciation as a theme: The other theme, less prominent but more valuable, is renunciation. It is through a renunciation of his claim to the family estate and the family title that Charles Darnay attains a heroic stature in our eyes. When Charles Darnay was still a child, his mother had imposed a duty on him and he had bravely promised to keep faith with her. On growing up, he decides to give up his claim to the family inheritance because he realizes that the family to which he belongs had done many wrongs to the poor people. To him the family inheritance signifies, a crumbling tower of waste. This act of his shows his generous heart, a spirit of self -sacrifice indicative of his humanitarian instincts. Social injustice, violence, bloodshed and imprisonment as themes of the novel: Among the various themes of this novel is the social injustice. This theme is related of course, to the French Revolution which was largely a result of those oppressive classes. The first glimpse of social injustice is given in the chapter called the Wine-Shop. When the wine from the broken cask is spilled on the ground symbolize bloodshed in the streets of Paris and the hunger and poverty of the people who rush to drink it. The incident of the child being run over by Marquiss carriage. He scolds the people for not caring about their children and spins a coin for the bereaved father as if for the compensation of the death of the child. The most shocking example of social injustice is the prolonged imprisonment of Dr. Manette has recorded the circumstances under which he was made a prisoner is hair-raising. A TALE OF TWO CITIES is deeply colored by Dickens early experiences in life and by what was happening to his emotional life when he started writing this novel. Early in his life, he had been a miserable witness to the imprisonment of his father which had left an unforgettable impression upon his mind. Prison and Imprisonment are two themes always present in various novels of Charles Dickens. Almost every body in A TALE OF TWO CITIES is in prison. Doubling as a theme: The two lovers of Lucie seem to symbolize the duality in Dickenss own heart. Darnay and Carton who physically resemble each other were self-projections by Dickens. These two men represent the two different sides of Dickenss literary personality. Darnay represents the light,

sunny and optimistic aspect of Dickens personality who goes to France to help Gabelle without releasing the dangers he will face there. And Carton, on the other hand, represents the dark aspect of Dickens who loves Lucie but denies her by describing her as a golden-haired doll and he fails to claim her. Dickens own optimistic mood is reflected in the novel. Doubling is also a theme in the sense that every thing in the novel is double. Double appearances, madness and sanity recurrences, the double arrest of Darnay, his double resurrection and Darnays and Cartons love for Lucie is also a triangle. Doubling is a technique of symbolism in the fantasizing of reality, reappears throughout the book. The most obvious example is physical resemblance of Darnay and Carton. These two personalities represent two different worlds the social and collective on the one hand and the individual and subjective on the other. Madame Defarge is an instructive example of Dickens attempt throughout this novel to identity fantasy with reality, as in his own life. This is Dickens most personal novel in one way and the most impersonal in the other. Dickens use of symbolism in A Tale of Two Cities Introduction: A TALE OF TWO CITIES contains an abundant use of symbols and symbolic imagery. Symbolism implies the use of an object, an idea, or a person in a larger or wider deeper sense than is literary conveyed by that object. An employs symbolism in order to give a deeper meaning to his writing. Symbolism is an essential element in the structure of the novel. The Woodman and the Farmer as Symbols: The Woodman symbolizes Fate ad the Farmer is symbolizing Death. The author says that they work silently and no one hears them when they walk with their muffled steps. They work like Fate and Death silently and these are the two forces which destroy France. Journey of the Mail-Coach: The manner in which the writer describes the journey of the mail-couch is also highly symbolic. It is an uphill journey; the hill, the harness, the mud and the mail give the horses a tough time. The horses, however, continue with their drooping heads. There is also an atmosphere of suspicion all over. The rough journey and the air of suspicion around signifies the following crisis for the Manette family and the turmoil for the land of France. The Spilling of Wine: A striking use of symbolism is made in the chapter called, The Wine-Shop. A cask of wine gets broken in the street by accident and the wine is spilled on the ground. This red wine paints and stains the streets of Saint Antoine in Paris symbolizing the bloodshed and massacre looming over the country. Many people rush towards it to drink mouthfuls of wine. The peoples hands and foot are stained red by the wine. This symbol becomes perfectly explicit when some body dips his fingers in the wine and scrawls upon a wall the word blood. The author comments on his action: The time was to come, when that wine too would be spilled on the street-stones and when the stain of it would be red upon many there. The Mill, the Grindstone, and the Carmagnole: In the same chapter, Mill has been symbolized. Literally, a mill of course, grinds wheat into flour which serves as food fro the human beings. Here the mill performs a different function. Here we are told that the people of Saint Antoine had undergone a terrible grinding and re-grinding in the mill. The writer says that the children in this superb had ancient faces and grave voices and the sign of Hunger is apparent upon the faces of the children, the young and the old. So the mill is not grinding wheat for the people, adversely it is grinding the people themselves. In the later case, the revolutionaries are described as sharpening their bloody hA Tale of Two Citieshets, knives and swords at a grindstone. Both the mill and the grindstone are the symbols of destruction which the people in France face. Allied with these two symbols and with the symbol of the spilled wine, is the account of the Carmagnole which also occurs in the final part of the novel. The dancing of the Carmagnole is a dreadful sight for spectators like Lucie

The Echoing Steps: In the chapter called Hundreds of People Lucie, in her conversation tells the others that she has often sat alone in a corner of the house in the evenings, listening to the echoes of all the footsteps which are to come by and by into their lives. Sydney Carton thereupon remarks that, If such be the case, there will be a great crowd coming one day into the lives of all of them. The whole scene is symbolic. Lucie says that she hears footsteps and Sydney remarks that a crowd will come into the lives of all. Just then there is a roar of clouds and a flash of lightening. All these are the indications of the coming of a great tempest in their lives in the form of French Revolution when people will be in the state of turmoil and the Manette family will get involved with those multitudes. The Bastille, a Symbol of Tyranny: The Bastille is another symbol. Hundreds of prisoners have been languishing in this prison for years and years, neglected, un-cared and almost forgotten and dead. The inhabitants of Saint Antoine, under the leadership of Monsieur and Madame Defarge, march upon the Bastille and capture it. Their jubilation knows no bounds. The governor is seized and Madame Defarge herself cut off his head with a knife. La Guillotine, symbol of excesses: La Guillotine symbolizes the excess committed by the revolutionaries. If the Bastille was the symbol of tyranny and the government of the King Louis XVI, La Guillotine has reversed the process. La Guillotine has become, The National Razor which shaved close. It is regarded as the sign of regeneration of the human race. The eloquent, the powerful and the beautiful are all being mercilessly beheaded. La Guillotine is a symbol of the tyrannies, the brutalities which are committed by the down-trodden and poor revolutionaries. La Guillotine is an ugly and hateful symbol as the Bastille previously was. Madame Defarge, Miss Pross and Carton as Symbols: Madame Defarge symbolizes unlimited hatred and evil. She certainly has motive and reason for her revengeful and blood-thirsty attitude but all her vindictiveness and blood-ruthlessness cannot be explained in terms of those motive and reasons. She is the personification of hatred, revenge and violence. Her knitting requires a sinister significance because in her knitting are registered those who must be exterminated from the ground. Miss Pross on other hand is a personification of love. Her attachment to Lucie is deep and abiding. In the tussle between Madame Defarge and Miss Pross, the Frenchwoman is killed by a bullet from her own hands thus symbolically representing that truth prevails and evil is self-destructive. Sydney Carton has a symbolic purpose. His sacrificial death symbolizes the way by which the highest human aspirations can be achieved and also the means by which a profligate can attain regeneration. Opposed Symbols of Life and Death: William H. Marshall tells us that A TALE OF TWO CITIES is a story about rebirth through death and that therefore, Dickens gives us opposed symbols of life and death. These symbols, he says, take the form of images of food and destruction. The symbol of death seems to triumph over the symbol of life. Briefly state the previous symbols in ref. to the critic. Individualized portrayal of characters in A TALE OF TWO CITIES :A diversity of characters: Dickens is one of the greatest creators of characters in English fiction. A mere glance of at the list of persons who figure in any of his novels is enough to remind us of the authors amazing fertility in invention. He has portrayed a whole variety of characters such as David Copperfield, Pip, Trotwood and Sam Weller. There is no dearth of real and unique characters in his works. Dialogue vs. Incident: A TALE OF TWO CITIES affords ample evidence of Dickens capacity for character portrayal. The range of characters in A TALE OF TWO CITIES is wide and has deep and penetrating studies. Some of the figures like Monsieur Defarge and Madame Defarge are memorable. Dickens purpose in the case of this novel was to allow the characters to reveal themselves through incidents and through their deeds and actions rather than through dialogues, but it is wrong to assume that he ignores dialogues. They are as important as the actions. John Forster, his friend and biographer says, To rely less upon character than upon incident and to resolve that his actors

should be expressed by the story more than they should express themselves by dialogue, was for him a hazardous and can hardly be called an entirely successful experiment. The characters are sharply individualized: The characters of A TALE OF TWO CITIES have been sharply been individualized. Each character is a distinct person in his or her own right. (Describe their individual qualities to distinguish them.) The Character of Dr. Manette: discuss his role in the novel/ his habit of shoe-making and condition of inaction/ his performance at the end of the novel/ his salient qualities/ his insanity/ father-daughter relationship etc./ his responsibility at the attendance of a sick girl and boy wronged by the Evremonde family/ His prison. Charles Darnay: Charles Darnay too reveals the essential traits of his character through dialogue. Of course, one of his basic traits appears through action also. His help to Gabelle/ his renunciation/ his love with Lucie/ his sincerity: He says to Dr. Manette: Dear Dr. Manette, I love your daughter fondly, dearly, disinterestedly devotedly. If ever there were love in the world, I love her. So we can say that dialogue and incident play an important part in the novel. Sydney Carton: We then come to Sydney whose action is giving up his life for the sake of the husband of the woman whom he loves is great importance. Cartons character appears before us only through dialogues. He has a conversation with Darnay immediately after his acquittal at the Old Bailey. Carton says that he cares for no body in the world and no body cares about him. He looks into the mirror and says that he hates Darnay even though there is a physical resemblance between the two. A dialogue between Carton and Stryver reveals that the former is a see-saw kind of man. Up one minute and down the next. He expresses his love for Lucie in a dialogue and says that he is a profligate. Describe his aspects of personality from the above answers.Mr. Lorry: The character of Mr. Lorry is also revealed to us through dialogue. In the beginning, he has a long conversation with Lucie where he appears to be a man of business and describes himself as such. He has a dialogue with Miss Pross about his concern for Dr. Manette. Towards to end, he rebukes Jerry for his impious activities. Describe some of his aspects. Miss Pross, Jerry Cruncher & Stryver: write from their humorous activities above. The Defarges: write from above information.