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Quiz on Differential Equations MVC

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Quiz on Differential Equations MVC (Fall Formative Assmt) Current Score : 15 / 15 Due : Monday, December 10 2012 10:55 AM PST

Elliot Kuskulis Multivariable Calculus Instructor: Bruce Gustin

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1. 1/1 points | Previous Answers

LarCalc9 6.1.030.

Some of the curves corresponding to different values of C in the general solution of the differential equation are given. Find the particular solution that passes through the point shown on the graph. Solution y (x 2 + y ) = C y (x 2 + y ) = 4 4 Differential Equation 2xy + (x2 + 2y)y' = 0

Solution or Explanation y(x2 + y) = C passes through (0, 2). 2(0 + 2) = C C=4 Particular solution: y(x2 + y) = 4

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Quiz on Differential Equations MVC

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LarCalc9 6.1.036.MI.

Verify that the general solution satisfies the differential equation. Then find the particular solution that satisfies the initial condition. 4 x2 + 3 y2 = C 4x + 3yy' = 0 y = 5 when x = 4 4x2 + 3y2 = 139 139

Solution or Explanation Differential equation: 4x + 3yy' = 0 General solution: 4x2 + 3y2 = C 8x + 6yy' = 0 2(4x + 3yy') = 0 4x + 3yy' = 0 Initial condition (4, 5): 4(4)2 + 3(5)2 = 64 + 75 = 139 = C Particular solution: 4x2 + 3y2 = 139

3. 1/1 points | Previous Answers

LarCalc9 6.1.044.

Use integration to find a general solution of the differential equation. dy ex = dx 9 + ex

y= Solution or Explanation dy ex = dx 9 + ex y= ex dx = ln(9 + ex) + C x 9+e

+C

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Quiz on Differential Equations MVC

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LarCalc9 6.2.064.MI.

The number of bacteria in a culture is increasing according to the law of exponential growth. There are 125 bacteria in the culture after 2 hours and 365 bacteria after 4 hours. (a) Find the initial population. (Round your answer to the nearest whole number.) 43 43 bacteria

(b) Write an exponential growth model for the bacteria population. Let t represent time in hours.

y= (c) Use the model to determine the number of bacteria after 8 hours. (Round your answer to the nearest whole number.) 3112 3112 bacteria

(d) After how many hours will the bacteria count be 40,000? (Round your answer to two decimal places.) 12.77 12.77 hr

Solution or Explanation

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Quiz on Differential Equations MVC

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(a)

Let y = Cekt . At time 2: 125 = Cek(2) At time 4: 365 = Cek(4) C = 125e2k

365 = (125e2k)(e4k) 73 = e2k 25 73 2k = ln 25 1 73 ln 0.5358 k = 2 25

C = 125e2k = 125e2(1/2) ln(73/25) 25 3125 = 42.81 = 125 73 73 Approximately 43 bacteria at time 0.

(b)

y=

3125 (1/2) ln(73/25)t e 42.81e0.5358t 73

(c)

When t = 8, y = 3125 e(1/2) ln(73/25)8 = 3125 73 73 73 4 = 3112. 25

(d)

40,000 = 3125 e(1/2) ln(73/25)t 73

t 12.77 hours

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Quiz on Differential Equations MVC

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LarCalc9 6.3.016.

Find the particular solution that satisfies the initial condition. (Enter your solution as an equation.) Differential Equation x + yy' = 0 Initial Condition y = 25 when x = 4

Solution or Explanation x + y y' = 0 x1/2 dx

y1/2 dy =

2 3/2 2 3/2 y + C1 = x 3 3 y3/2 + x3/2 = C Initial condition (4, 25): (25)3/2 + (4)3/2 = 125 + 8 = 133 = C Particular solution: y3/2 + x3/2 = 133

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Quiz on Differential Equations MVC

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LarCalc9 6.3.056.MI.

Consider the following. Differential Equation dy = 2x 1 + y2 dx Initial Condition (1, 0) xvalue x = 1.5

(a) Use Euler's Method with a step size of h = 0.1 to approximate the particular solution of the initial value problem at the given x-value. (Round your answer to four decimal places.) 1.7270 analytically. 1.7269 (b) Find the exact solution of the differential equation

y= (c) Compare the solutions at the given x-value. (Round your answer to four decimal places.) y(1.5) = 3.0096 3.0096

Solution or Explanation (a) Euler's Method gives y 1.7269 when x = 1.5.

(b)

dy 2 = 2x 1 + y dx dy = 1 + y2 2x dx

arctan(y) = x2 + C arctan(0) = 12 + C
2

C = 1

arctan(y) = x 1 y = tan(x2 1) At x = 1.5, y = tan(1.52 1) 3.0096. Error: 1.7269 3.0096 = 1.2827

(c)

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LarCalc9 6.3.082.MI.

Find the logistic equation that satisfies the initial condition. Logistic Differential Equation
2 dy 7y = y dt 20 1300

Initial Condition

(0, 35)

y= Solution or Explanation dy = 7y y2 = 7 y 1 y , dt 20 20 455 1300 7 k= , L = 35 20 L 455 y= = kt 1 + be 1 + be(7/20)t b = 12 (0, 35): 35 = 455 1+b 455 Solution: y = 1 + 12e(7/20)t y(0) = 35

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LarCalc9 6.4.008.

Solve the first-order linear differential equation. (Use C for any needed constant.) y' + 10xy = 120x

y= Solution or Explanation y' + 10xy = 120x


2 Integrating factor: e10x dx = e5x

ye5x =

5x 2 +C 120xe5x dx = 12e
2

y = 12 + Ce5x

9. 1/1 points | Previous Answers

LarCalc9 6.4.017.

Find the particular solution of the differential equation that satisfies the boundary condition. Differential Equation y' (cos(x)) + y 7 = 0
2

Boundary Condition y(0) = 16

y= Solution or Explanation y' (cos(x))2 + y 7 = 0 y' + (sec(x))2y = 7 (sec(x))2


2 Integrating factor: e(sec(x)) dx = etan(x)

yetan(x) =

tan(x) +C 7 (sec(x))2 etan(x) dx = 7e

y = 7 + Cetan(x) Initial condition: y(0) = 16, C = 9 Particular solution: y = 7 + 9etan(x)

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LarCalc9 6.4.024.

Find the particular solution of the differential equation that satisfies the boundary condition. Differential Equation 2xy' y = x3 x Boundary Condition y(4) = 8

y= Solution or Explanation 2xy' y = x3 x dy 1 y = x2 1 dx 2x 2 2 u(x) = e1/(2x) dx =


1/2 y = x

Linear 1 x
1/2

x 1 2 2

1 x
1/2

dx = x1/2

x3/2 x1/2 2 2

dx

5/2 1/2 x x1/2 + C = x 5

x3 x + C x 5 64 y(4) = 8 = 4 + 2C 5 3 y= x x 2 x 5 5 =

C=

2 5

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