Anda di halaman 1dari 8

"FOOTINGS" --- RECTANGULAR SPREAD FOOTING ANALYSIS

Program Description:
"FOOTINGS" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis of rigid rectangular spread footings with up to 8 total piers, and for either uniaxial or biaxial resultant eccentricities. Overturning sliding, and uplift stability checks are made when applicable, and resulting gross soil bearing pressures at the four (4) corners of the footing are calculated. The maximum net soil bearing pressure is also determined. This program is a workbook consisting of five (5) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name
Doc Footing (net pier loads) Footing (breakdown of loads) Footings (Table) Footings (Pier Table)

Description
This documentation sheet Individual rectangular spread footing analysis (with net pier loadings) Individual rectangular spread footing analysis (with breakdown of loadings) Multiple rectangular spread footings analysis and design (table format) Multiple rectangular spread footings - pier analysis (table format)

Program Assumptions and Limitations:


1. This program assumes that the spread footing is in fact "rigid", so that the bearing pressure is distributed linearly on a homogeneous soil. (Note: the actual footing is generally not "rigid", nor is the pressure beaneth it distributed linearly. However, it has been found that solutions using the assumed "rigid" concept are adequate and generally result in a conservative design.) 2. This program assumes an orthogonal X-Y-Z coordinate system with the origin located at the centroid of the footing in plan (footprint). "Right-Hand-Rule" sign convention is used for input of all pier coordinates as well as for all applied forces and moments at piers. 3. This program will handle from 1 up to eight (8) total piers located anywhere on the base of the footing. Piers can be numbered in any desired order. 4. This program does not check the actual calculated soil bearing pressure against a given allowable soil pressure. This is done so that the extent of acceptable overstress is left up to the judgement of the user. However, in all cases this must be checked by the user. 5. This program does not use a specified permissible value for the factor of safety against overturning. However, a minimum value of 1.5 to 2.0 is suggested, based upon the particular conditions. (A "Footing is unstable!" error message will be displayed if the factor of safety against overturning is < 1.0. Then the user must revise the footing dimensions or other parameters.) 6. This program does not use a specified permissible value for the factor of safety against uplift. However, a minimum value of 1.2 to 1.5 is suggested, based upon the particular conditions and the extent of footing confinement. (A "Footing is unstable!" error message will be displayed if the factor of safety against uplift is < 1.0. Then the user must revise the footing dimensions or other parameters.) 7. The "Footing (net pier loads)" worksheet deals with net applied loadings at the piers. That is, there is no allowance for individual breakdown of dead, live, and wind (or seismic) loadings. This worksheet should be specifically used in any of the following conditions: a. When the individual breakdown of loadings is not known or is not critical b. When there are little or no uplift or overturning forces and moments due to wind (or seismic) c. When the factor of safety against uplift or overturning due to wind (or seismic) is NOT critical d. When there are overturning forces or moments due to only gravity (dead or live) loadings 8. The "Footing (net pier loads)" worksheet considers all net applied moments and horizontal loads as forces causing overturning. However, a net uplift load is considered as a force causing overturning only when there is an applicable resultant eccentricity in the direction of overturning. For a net uplift pier load, the "excess" pier weight (pier weight less soil weight) is subtracted from the net uplift load at the pier location.

9. The "Footing (breakdown of loads)" worksheet allows for individual breakdown of dead, live, and wind (or seismic) loadings. This worksheet should be specifically used in any of the following conditions: a. When the individual breakdown of loadings is known or is critical b. When there are uplift or overturning forces and moments due to wind (or seismic) c. When the factor of safety against uplift or overturning due to wind (or seismic) is critical d. When there are no overturning forces or moments due to only gravity (dead or live) loadings 10. The "Footing (breakdown of loads)" worksheet considers only applied wind (or seismic) shears, uplifts, and moments as forces causing overturning. Any wind (or seismic) loads which act in opposite direction to sense of overturning are considered as forces which reduce the total overturning. Only applied pier dead (not live) loadings are considered as forces resisting overturning. Any dead loadings which act in opposite direction to sense of resisting overturning are considered as forces which reduce the total resistance to overturning. 11. This program includes the uniform live load surcharge in the calculation of the soil bearing pressures. The uniform live load surcharge is not included in the calculation of "resisting" moment for overturning check, nor in the calculations for uplift check. The uniform live load surcharge is assumed to act over the entire footing plan area. 12. This program will calculate the soil bearing pressures at the corners of the footing for all cases of resultant eccentricity, both uniaxial and biaxial. The corners of the footing are always designated in the footing plan proceeding counterclockwise from the lower right-hand corner as follows: (3) = upper left-hand corner (2) = upper right-hand corner (4) = lower left-hand corner (1) = lower right-hand corner 13. Reference used in this program for footing with cases of biaxial resultant eccentricity is: "Analytical Approach to Biaxial Eccentricity" - by Eli Czerniak Journal of the Structural Division, Proceedings of the ASCE, ST4 (1962), ST3 (1963) 14. Another more recent reference for footing with cases of biaxial resultant eccentricity is: "Bearing Pressures for Rectangular Footings with Biaxial Uplift" - by Kenneth E. Wilson Journal of Bridge Engineering - Feb. 1997 15. The "Footings (Table)" and "Footings (Pier Table)" worksheets enable the user to analyze/design virtually any number of individual footings or footing load combinations. The footings must have only one concentric pier. The footings may be subjected to biaxial eccentricities as long as 100% bearing is maintained. If one or more corners become unloaded from biaxial eccentricities, then the error message, " Resize! " will be displayed. Refer to those two worksheets for list of specific assumptions used in each. The column loads and footing/pier dimensions input in rows "A" through "Q" of the "Footings (Table)" worksheet may be copied and pasted (via "Paste Special, Values " command) into the same position in the "Footings (Pier Table)" worksheet. The entire row of calculation cells can then be copied and pasted down the page to match the number of rows of input in each of the two table format worksheets. 16. The "Footings (Table)" and "Footings (Pier Table)" worksheets enable the user select either the ACI 318-99, 318-02, or 318-05 Code to perform the reinforced concrete analysis/design for one-way (beam-type) shear, two-way (punching) shear, and flexural reinforcing requirements. 17. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

"FOOTINGS.xls" Program Version 3.0

RECTANGULAR SPREAD FOOTING ANALYSIS


Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Footing Data:
+Hx

For Assumed Rigid Footing with from 1 To 8 Piers Subjected to Uniaxial or Biaxial Eccentricity Subject: Originator:
+Pz +My

Checker:

Footing Length, L = Footing Width, B = Footing Thickness, T = Concrete Unit Wt., gc = Soil Depth, D = Soil Unit Wt., gs = Pass. Press. Coef., Kp = Coef. of Base Friction, m = Uniform Surcharge, Q = Pier/Loading Data: Number of Piers = Pier #1 0.000 0.000 2.500 2.500 3.000 -5.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 26.00

5.000 5.000 1.500 0.150 2.000 0.120 2.040 0.300 0.000

ft. ft. ft. kcf ft. kcf

Lpx

ksf

Nomenclature

Xp (ft.) = Yp (ft.) = Lpx (ft.) = Lpy (ft.) = h (ft.) = Pz (k) = Hx (k) = Hy (k) = Mx (ft-k) = My (ft-k) =

FOOTING PLAN

3 of 8

5/29/2013 9:33 PM

"FOOTINGS.xls" Program Version 3.0

Results: Total Resultant Load and Eccentricities: SPz = -17.94 kips ex = 1.45 ft. (> L/6) ey = 0.50 ft. (<= B/6) Overturning Check: SMrx = 44.84 SMox = -9.00 FS(ot)x = 4.983 SMry = 44.84 SMoy = 26.00 FS(ot)y = 1.725 Sliding Check: Pass(x) = Frict(x) = FS(slid)x = Passive(y) = Frict(y) = FS(slid)y = Uplift Check: SPz(down) = SPz(uplift) = FS(uplift) =

Nomenclature for Biaxial Eccentricity: Case 1: For 3 Corners in Bearing (Dist. x > L and Dist. y > B)
Dist. x Pmax

Brg. Ly

ft-kips ft-kips (>= 1.5) ft-kips ft-kips (>= 1.5)

Line of zero pressure

Dist. y

Brg. Lx

Case 2: For 2 Corners in Bearing (Dist. x > L and Dist. y <= B) 5.05 5.38 N.A. 5.05 5.38 5.215
kips kips

Dist. x Pmax

Brg. Ly1
kips kips (>= 1.5)

Dist. y Brg. Ly2

-17.94 0.00 N.A.

kips kips

Line of zero pressure

Bearing Length and % Bearing Area: Dist. x = 3.885 ft. Dist. y = 10.575 ft. Brg. Lx1 = 2.048 ft. Brg. Lx2 = 3.885 ft. %Brg. Area = 59.33 % Biaxial Case = Case 3 6*ex/L + 6*ey/B = 2.34 Gross Soil Bearing Corner Pressures: P1 = 1.618 ksf P2 = 3.070 ksf P3 = 0.000 ksf P4 = 0.000 ksf

Case 3: For 2 Corners in Bearing (Dist. x <= L and Dist. y > B)


Dist. x Brg. Lx2 Pmax

Dist. y

Line of zero pressure

Brg. Lx1

Case 4: For 1 Corner in Bearing (Dist. x <= L and Dist. y <= B)


Dist. x Brg. Lx Pmax

P3=0 ksf B P4=0 ksf L

P2=3.07 ksf

P1=1.618 ksf

CORNER PRESSURES

Dist. y Brg. Ly

Line of zero pressure

Maximum Net Soil Pressure: Pmax(net) = Pmax(gross)-(D+T)*gs Pmax(net) = 2.650 ksf

4 of 8

5/29/2013 9:33 PM

"FOOTINGS.xls" Program Version 3.0

RECTANGULAR SPREAD FOOTING ANALYSIS


Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Footing Data:
+Hx

For Assumed Rigid Footing with from 1 To 8 Piers Subjected to Uniaxial or Biaxial Eccentricity Subject: Originator:
+Pz +My

Checker:

Footing Length, L = Footing Width, B = Footing Thickness, T = Concrete Unit Wt., gc = Soil Depth, D = Soil Unit Wt., gs = Pass. Press. Coef., Kp = Coef. of Base Friction, m = Uniform Surcharge, Q = Pier/Loading Data: Number of Piers = Pier #1 -3.000 0.000 2.500 2.000 3.000 -5.00 -5.00 40.00 0.00 0.00 20.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00 10.00

16.000 10.000 3.000 0.150 2.000 0.120 3.000 0.400 0.200

ft. ft. ft. kcf ft. kcf

Q
Lpx

ksf

2 Pier #2 3.000 0.000 2.500 2.000 3.000 -30.00 -10.00 -40.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00 20.00
Y

Nomenclature

Xp (ft.) = Yp (ft.) = Lpx (ft.) = Lpy (ft.) = h (ft.) = Pz(D) (k) = Pz(L) (k) = Pz(W) (k) = Hx(D) (k) = Hx(L) (k) = Hx(W) (k) = Hy(D) (k) = Hy(L) (k) = Hy(W) (k) = Mx(D) (ft-k) = Mx(L) (ft-k) = Mx(W) (ft-k) = My(D) (ft-k) = My(L) (ft-k) = My(W) (ft-k) =

FOOTING PLAN

5 of 8

5/29/2013 9:33 PM

"FOOTINGS.xls" Program Version 3.0

Results: Total Resultant Load and Eccentricities: S Pz = -194.50 kips ex = 2.78 ft. (> L/6) ey = 0.41 ft. (<= B/6) Overturning Check: SMrx = 737.50 SMox = -80.00 FS(ot)x = 9.219 SMry = 1105.00 SMoy = 450.00 FS(ot)y = 2.456 Sliding Check: SHx(D)Resist = Pass(x) = Frict(x) = FS(slid)x = SHy(D)Resist = Pass(y) = Frict(y) = FS(slid)y = Uplift Check: SPz(down) = SPz(uplift) = FS(uplift) = Nomenclature for Biaxial Eccentricity: Case 1: For 3 Corners in Bearing (Dist. x > L and Dist. y > B)
Dist. x Pmax
ft-kips ft-kips (>= 1.5) ft-kips ft-kips (>= 1.5)

Brg. Ly

Line of zero pressure

Dist. y
Brg. Lx

0.00 -37.80 -65.00 3.427 0.00 -60.48 -65.00 12.548

kips kips kips (>= 1.5) kips kips kips (>= 1.5)

Case 2: For 2 Corners in Bearing (Dist. x > L and Dist. y <= B)


Dist. x Pmax
Brg. Ly1

Dist. y Brg. Ly2

-187.50 40.00 4.688

kips kips (>= 1.5)

Line of zero pressure

Bearing Length and % Bearing Area: Dist. x = 17.478 ft. Dist. y = 45.034 ft. Brg. Lx = 13.597 ft. Brg. Ly = 3.808 ft. %Brg. Area = 95.35 % Biaxial Case = Case 1 6*ex/L + 6*ey/B = 1.289 Gross Soil Bearing Corner Pressures: P1 = 2.182 ksf P2 = 2.805 ksf P3 = 0.237 ksf P4 = 0.000 ksf

Case 3: For 2 Corners in Bearing (Dist. x <= L and Dist. y > B)


Dist. x Brg. Lx2 Pmax

Dist. y
Line of zero pressure Brg. Lx1

P3=0.237 ksf B P4=0 ksf L

P2=2.805 ksf

Case 4: For 1 Corner in Bearing (Dist. x <= L and Dist. y <= B)


Dist. x Brg. Lx Pmax

P1=2.182 ksf

CORNER PRESSURES

Maximum Net Soil Pressure: Pmax(net) = Pmax(gross)-(D+T)*gs Pmax(net) = 2.205 ksf

Dist. y Brg. Ly
Line of zero pressure

6 of 8

5/29/2013 9:33 PM

"FOOTINGS.xls" Program Version 3.0

RECTANGULAR SPREAD FOOTING ANALYSIS AND DESIGN


For Assumed Rigid Footings with One Concentric Pier Subjected to Uniaxial or Biaxial Eccentricity
Job Name: Job Number: Subject: Originator: Checker: +Pz

Input Data: +Y Allow. Net Soil Pressure, Pa(net) = Design for P(max)net or Pa(net) ? Soil Unit Weight, gs = Passive Pressure Coefficient, Kp = Coefficient of Base Friction, m = Concrete Unit Weight, gc = Conc. Compressive Strength, f'c = Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = Applicable ACI Code = USD Load Fact. for Concrete, LF = f Factor for Flexure and Tension = f Factor for Comp. and Bearing = f Factor for Shear = 3.000 P(max) 0.120 3.000 0.400 0.150 3 60 318-05 1.6 0.90 0.65 0.75
ksf kcf

+My

3 L/2

2
Q

+Hx

Lpx
kcf ksi ksi

Lpy
Lpx

+X
B/2

B T

L Footing Plan

Footing Elevation

Assumptions: 1. For uniaxial eccentricity (either ex or ey) the maximum gross soil pressure is calculated as follows: for ex <= L/6: P(max)gross = ( S Pz)/(B*L)*(1+6*ABS(ex)/L) and P(min)gross = ( S Pz)/(B*L)*(1-6*ABS(ex)/L) , for ex > L/6: P(max)gross = (2* S Pz)/(3*B*(L/2-ABS(ex))) and P(min)gross = 0 for ey <= B/6: P(max)gross = ( S Pz)/(L*B)*(1+6*ABS(ey)/B) and P(min)gross = ( S Pz)/(L*B)*(1-6*ABS(ey)/B) , for ey > B/6: P(max)gross = (2* S Pz)/(3*L*(B/2-ABS(ey))) and P(min)gross = 0 where: S Pz = summation of vertical load and all weights = applied column vertical load (Pz) + soil weight + excess pier weight + surcharge (Q). 2. Concurrent biaxial eccentricities (both ex and ey) are permitted up to point where full contact (100% bearing) on the footing base is still maintained. P(max)gross = ( S Pz)/(B*L)*(1+6*ABS(ex)/L+6*ABS(ey)/B) and P(min)gross = ( S Pz)/(B*L)*(1-6*ABS(ex)/L-6*ABS(ey)/B) where: controlling biaxial eccentricity criteria is as follows: 6*ABS(ex)/L+6*ABS(ey)/B <= 1.0 3. Maximum net soil pressure is calculated as follows: P(max)net = P(max)gross-(D+T)* gs >= 0 4. Program considers all applied moments and horizontal loads as forces causing overturning. However, uplift load (Pz > 0) is considered as a force causing overturning only when there is an applicable resultant eccentricity in the direction of overturning. Combination of frictional resistance between footing base and soil as well as passive soil pressure against footing base and pier is used for total sliding resistance. 5. Program includes uniform live load surcharge (Q) in calculation of soil bearing pressures, and is assumed to act over entire footing plan area (L*B). Uniform live load surcharge (Q) is not included in any of stability checks. 6. One-way and two-way shear capacity checks are based on full uniform design net bearing pressure, P(net) = either P(max)net or Pa(net), as selected by user. 7. Footing flexural reinforcing for bottom face is based on full uniform design net bearing pressure, P(net) = either P(max)net or Pa(net), as selected by user. Footing flexural reinforcing for top face is determined only when there is an applied column uplift load (Pz > 0), and is based on bending from footing self-weight plus any soil and live load surcharge (Q) weight. 8. Minimum temperature reinforcing is determined as follows: As(temp) = r(temp)*12*T (all reinforcing placed in bottom face only) for no column uplift and with soil cover (D > 0) As(temp) = r(temp)/2*12*T (reinforcing divided equally between top/bottom faces) for either with column uplift and/or no soil cover (D = 0) where: r(temp) = 0.0020 for fy = 40 or 50 ksi, r(temp) = 0.0018 for fy = 60 ksi, and r(temp) = 0.0018*60/fy for fy > 60 ksi. 9. For rectangular footings, the flexural reinforcing (per foot) running in the short direction is calculated by: As(short) = r(short)*12*d*2*b /(b +1) , where b = ratio of LongSide to ShortSide. SOIL DATA & SURCHARGE Depth Surch. D Q
(ft.) (ksf)

U in

COLUMN LOCATION

Axial Pz
(kips)

COLUMN LOADS Case 1: Maximum Load Condition Shear Shear Moment Moment Axial Hx Hy Mx My Pz
(kips) (kips) (ft-kips) (ft-kips) (kips)

Case 2: Minimum Load Condition Shear Shear Moment Hx Hy Mx


(kips) (kips) (ft-kips)

Moment My
(ft-kips)

FOOTING DATA Pier Dimensions Base Dimensions Length Width Height Length Width Thickness Lpx Lpy h L B T
(ft.) (ft.) (ft.) (ft.) (ft.) (ft.)

Bearing Pressures P(max) P(max) (gross) (net)


(ksf) (ksf)

Stability Checks F.S. F.S. F.S. F.S. Overturning Overturning Sliding Sliding
X-axis Y-axis X-direction Y-direction

F.S. Uplift -------------------------

RESULTS Shear Capacity Checks One-Way One-Way Two-Way Vu/fVc Vu/fVc Vu/fVc
X-direction Y-direction

Footing Reinforcing Bottom Face Top Face X-direction Y-direction X-direction Y-direction
(in.^2/ft.) (No. - Size) (in.^2/ft.) (No. - Size) (in.^2/ft.) (No. - Size) (in.^2/ft.) (No. - Size)

Footing

A-1 A-2 A-3 A-4 A-5 A-6 A-7 A-8 A-9 A-10 A-11 A-12

-200.00 -200.00 -200.00 -200.00 -200.00 -200.00 -200.00 -200.00

10.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00 10.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 -10.00

0.00 0.00 -40.00 40.00 0.00 0.00 -40.00 40.00

40.00 -40.00 0.00 0.00 40.00 -40.00 0.00 0.00

-20.00 -20.00 -20.00 -20.00

10.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00 10.00 -10.00

0.00 0.00 -40.00 40.00

40.00 -40.00 0.00 0.00

-20.00 -20.00 -20.00 -20.00

10.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00 10.00 -10.00

0.00 0.00 -40.00 40.00

40.00 -40.00 0.00 0.00

3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000

2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000

3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000

12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000

8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000

2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000

2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000

0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200

3.305 3.305 3.305 3.305 3.305 3.305 3.305 3.305 1.430 1.430 1.430 1.430

2.825 2.825 2.825 2.825 2.825 2.825 2.825 2.825 0.950 0.950 0.950 0.950

----4.87 4.87 ----16.87 16.87 ----4.87 4.87

4.87 4.87 ----16.87 16.87 ----4.87 4.87 -----

4.94 4.94 ----12.14 12.14 ----4.94 4.94 -----

----4.94 4.94 ----12.14 12.14 ----4.94 4.94

0.65 0.65 0.34 0.34 0.65 0.65 0.34 0.34 0.22 0.22 0.11 0.11

0.34 0.34 0.65 0.65 0.34 0.34 0.65 0.65 0.11 0.11 0.22 0.22

0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.19

0.522 0.522 0.518 0.518 0.522 0.522 0.518 0.518 0.518 0.518 0.518 0.518

9 - #7 9 - #7 13 - #7 13 - #7 9 - #7 9 - #7 13 - #7 13 - #7 9 - #7 9 - #7 13 - #7 13 - #7

0.518 0.518 0.522 0.522 0.518 0.518 0.522 0.522 0.518 0.518 0.518 0.518

13 - #7 13 - #7 9 - #7 9 - #7 13 - #7 13 - #7 9 - #7 9 - #7 13 - #7 13 - #7 9 - #7 9 - #7

-------------------------

-------------------------

-------------------------

-------------------------

7 of 8

5/29/2013 9:33 PM

"FOOTINGS.xls" Program Version 3.0

RECTANGULAR SPREAD FOOTING - PIER ANALYSIS


For Assumed Rigid Footings with One Concentric Pier Subjected to Uniaxial or Biaxial Eccentricity
Job Name: Job Number: Subject: Originator: Checker: +Pz Lpx

Assumptions: 1. 2. 3. 4. Y
d' (typ.)

Input Data: +Y Concrete Unit Weight, gc = Conc. Compressive Strength, f'c = Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = Clear Cover to Pier Ties, dc = Applicable ACI Code = USD Load Fact. for Concrete, LF = f Factor for Flexure and Tension = f Factor for Comp. and Bearing = f Factor for Shear = 0.150 3 60 2.000 318-05 1.6 0.90 0.65 0.75
kcf ksi ksi in.

+My +Hx Q

5.

L/2
D h

Lpy

+X
Lpx B/2

S
B Ldh T

Lpy

Nsb (total)

Ntb (total)

6. 7. 8.

L Footing Plan COLUMN LOADS COLUMN LOCATION Axial Pz


(kips)

Horiz. Tie Bar (@ "S" spacing)

Footing Elevation

Pier Section

9.

Program uses CRSI's "Universal Column Formulas" in developing uniaxial interaction curves for X and Y axes, each load case. CRSI's "Universal Column Formulas" assume use of fy = 60 ksi. Program assumes "short", non-slender column analysis for pier. For cases with axial load only (compression or tension) and no moments (Mx and My = 0) the program calculates total reinforcing area (Ast) as follows: Ast = (Ntb + Nsb)*Ab , where: Ab = area of one bar For pure moment capacity with no axial load, program assumes bars in 2 outside faces parallel to axis of bending plus 50% of the total side bars divided equally by and added to the 2 outside faces, and calculated reinforcing areas as follows: for X-axis: As = A's = ((Ntb + 0.50*Nsb)*Ab)/2 , where: Ab = area of one bar for Y-axis: As = A's = (((Nsb+4) + 0.50*(Ntb-4))*Ab)/2 Reinforcing ratio shown is as follows: rg = (Ntb + Nsb)*Ab/(Lpx*12*Lpy*12). Axial load and flexural uniaxial design capacities, fPn and fMn, at design eccentricity, e = Mu*12/Pu, are determined from interpolation within the interaction curve for each axis. Axial load and flexural biaxial capacities, if applicable, are determined by the following approximations: a. For Pu >= 0.1*f'c*Ag, use Bresler Reciprocal Load Equation: 1/fPn = 1/fPnx + 1/fPny - 1/fPo Biaxial interaction stress ratio, S.R. = Pu/fPn <= 1 b. For Pu < 0.1*f'c*Ag, use Bresler Load Contour interaction equation: Biaxial interaction stress ratio, S.R. = (Mux/fMnx)^1.15 + (Muy/fMny)^1.15 <= 1 Straight-line interaction formula is used for biaxial shear interaction stress ratio, S.R. = Vux/ fVnx + Vuy/fVny <= 1 RESULTS Case 2: Axial and Flexural Capacity Checks X-axis Y-axis Biaxial Pu/fPnx Mux/fMnx Pu/fPny Muy/fMny S.R. 0.02 0.02 0.24 0.24 --------0.02 0.02 0.24 0.24 ----0.24 0.24 ------------0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.02 0.02 --------0.24 0.24 0.02 0.02 0.24 0.24 ------------0.24 0.24 -----------------------------

Case 1: Maximum Load Condition Shear Shear Moment Moment Hx Hy Mx My


(kips) (kips) (ft-kips) (ft-kips)

Axial Pz
(kips)

Case 2: Minimum Load Condition Shear Shear Moment Hx Hy Mx


(kips) (kips) (ft-kips)

Moment My
(ft-kips)

FOOTING DATA PIER REINFORCING DATA Pier Dimensions Base Dimensions Top/Bot. Side Vert. Horiz. Tie Horiz. Tie Reinf. Length Width Height Length Width Thickness Vert. Bars Vert. Bars Bar Size Bar Size Bar Spac. Ratio rg=Ast/Ag Lpx Lpy h L B T Ntb Nsb (#3 - #11) (#3 - #6) S
(ft.) (ft.) (ft.) (ft.) (ft.) (ft.) (in.)

Case 1: Axial and Flexural Capacity Checks X-axis Y-axis Biaxial Pu/fPnx Mux/fMnx Pu/fPny Muy/fMny S.R. 0.24 0.24 0.25 0.25 0.24 0.24 0.25 0.25 ------------0.25 0.25 ----0.25 0.25 --------0.25 0.25 0.24 0.24 0.25 0.25 0.24 0.24 --------0.25 0.25 ----0.25 0.25 -------------------------------------

X-direction Y-direction

Max. Shear Checks Biaxial Vu/fVnx Vu/fVny S.R. 0.14 0.14 ----0.13 0.13 ----0.14 0.14 --------0.14 0.14 ----0.13 0.13 ----0.14 0.14 -------------------------

Bearing Check Pu/fPnb 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01

A-1 A-2 A-3 A-4 A-5 A-6 A-7 A-8 A-9 A-10 A-11 A-12

-200.00 -200.00 -200.00 -200.00 -200.00 -200.00 -200.00 -200.00

10.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00 10.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 -10.00

0.00 0.00 -40.00 40.00 0.00 0.00 -40.00 40.00

40.00 -40.00 0.00 0.00 40.00 -40.00 0.00 0.00

-20.00 -20.00 -20.00 -20.00

10.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00 10.00 -10.00

0.00 0.00 -40.00 40.00

40.00 -40.00 0.00 0.00

-20.00 -20.00 -20.00 -20.00

10.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00 10.00 -10.00

0.00 0.00 -40.00 40.00

40.00 -40.00 0.00 0.00

3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000

2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000

3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000

12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000

8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000

2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000

10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12

0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008

8 of 8

5/29/2013 9:33 PM