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# "FOOTINGS" --- RECTANGULAR SPREAD FOOTING ANALYSIS

Program Description:
"FOOTINGS" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis of rigid rectangular spread footings with up to 8 total piers, and for either uniaxial or biaxial resultant eccentricities. Overturning sliding, and uplift stability checks are made when applicable, and resulting gross soil bearing pressures at the four (4) corners of the footing are calculated. The maximum net soil bearing pressure is also determined. This program is a workbook consisting of five (5) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name
Doc Footing (net pier loads) Footing (breakdown of loads) Footings (Table) Footings (Pier Table)

Description
This documentation sheet Individual rectangular spread footing analysis (with net pier loadings) Individual rectangular spread footing analysis (with breakdown of loadings) Multiple rectangular spread footings analysis and design (table format) Multiple rectangular spread footings - pier analysis (table format)

## RECTANGULAR SPREAD FOOTING ANALYSIS

Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Footing Data:
+Hx

For Assumed Rigid Footing with from 1 To 8 Piers Subjected to Uniaxial or Biaxial Eccentricity Subject: Originator:
+Pz +My

Checker:

Footing Length, L = Footing Width, B = Footing Thickness, T = Concrete Unit Wt., gc = Soil Depth, D = Soil Unit Wt., gs = Pass. Press. Coef., Kp = Coef. of Base Friction, m = Uniform Surcharge, Q = Pier/Loading Data: Number of Piers = Pier #1 0.000 0.000 2.500 2.500 3.000 -5.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 26.00

## ft. ft. ft. kcf ft. kcf

Lpx

ksf

Nomenclature

Xp (ft.) = Yp (ft.) = Lpx (ft.) = Lpy (ft.) = h (ft.) = Pz (k) = Hx (k) = Hy (k) = Mx (ft-k) = My (ft-k) =

FOOTING PLAN

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## "FOOTINGS.xls" Program Version 3.0

Results: Total Resultant Load and Eccentricities: SPz = -17.94 kips ex = 1.45 ft. (> L/6) ey = 0.50 ft. (<= B/6) Overturning Check: SMrx = 44.84 SMox = -9.00 FS(ot)x = 4.983 SMry = 44.84 SMoy = 26.00 FS(ot)y = 1.725 Sliding Check: Pass(x) = Frict(x) = FS(slid)x = Passive(y) = Frict(y) = FS(slid)y = Uplift Check: SPz(down) = SPz(uplift) = FS(uplift) =

Nomenclature for Biaxial Eccentricity: Case 1: For 3 Corners in Bearing (Dist. x > L and Dist. y > B)
Dist. x Pmax

Brg. Ly

## Line of zero pressure

Dist. y

Brg. Lx

Case 2: For 2 Corners in Bearing (Dist. x > L and Dist. y <= B) 5.05 5.38 N.A. 5.05 5.38 5.215
kips kips

Dist. x Pmax

Brg. Ly1
kips kips (>= 1.5)

kips kips

## Line of zero pressure

Bearing Length and % Bearing Area: Dist. x = 3.885 ft. Dist. y = 10.575 ft. Brg. Lx1 = 2.048 ft. Brg. Lx2 = 3.885 ft. %Brg. Area = 59.33 % Biaxial Case = Case 3 6*ex/L + 6*ey/B = 2.34 Gross Soil Bearing Corner Pressures: P1 = 1.618 ksf P2 = 3.070 ksf P3 = 0.000 ksf P4 = 0.000 ksf

## Case 3: For 2 Corners in Bearing (Dist. x <= L and Dist. y > B)

Dist. x Brg. Lx2 Pmax

Dist. y

Brg. Lx1

## Case 4: For 1 Corner in Bearing (Dist. x <= L and Dist. y <= B)

Dist. x Brg. Lx Pmax

P2=3.07 ksf

P1=1.618 ksf

CORNER PRESSURES

Dist. y Brg. Ly

## Maximum Net Soil Pressure: Pmax(net) = Pmax(gross)-(D+T)*gs Pmax(net) = 2.650 ksf

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## RECTANGULAR SPREAD FOOTING ANALYSIS

Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Footing Data:
+Hx

For Assumed Rigid Footing with from 1 To 8 Piers Subjected to Uniaxial or Biaxial Eccentricity Subject: Originator:
+Pz +My

Checker:

Footing Length, L = Footing Width, B = Footing Thickness, T = Concrete Unit Wt., gc = Soil Depth, D = Soil Unit Wt., gs = Pass. Press. Coef., Kp = Coef. of Base Friction, m = Uniform Surcharge, Q = Pier/Loading Data: Number of Piers = Pier #1 -3.000 0.000 2.500 2.000 3.000 -5.00 -5.00 40.00 0.00 0.00 20.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00 10.00

## ft. ft. ft. kcf ft. kcf

Q
Lpx

ksf

2 Pier #2 3.000 0.000 2.500 2.000 3.000 -30.00 -10.00 -40.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00 20.00
Y

Nomenclature

Xp (ft.) = Yp (ft.) = Lpx (ft.) = Lpy (ft.) = h (ft.) = Pz(D) (k) = Pz(L) (k) = Pz(W) (k) = Hx(D) (k) = Hx(L) (k) = Hx(W) (k) = Hy(D) (k) = Hy(L) (k) = Hy(W) (k) = Mx(D) (ft-k) = Mx(L) (ft-k) = Mx(W) (ft-k) = My(D) (ft-k) = My(L) (ft-k) = My(W) (ft-k) =

FOOTING PLAN

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## "FOOTINGS.xls" Program Version 3.0

Results: Total Resultant Load and Eccentricities: S Pz = -194.50 kips ex = 2.78 ft. (> L/6) ey = 0.41 ft. (<= B/6) Overturning Check: SMrx = 737.50 SMox = -80.00 FS(ot)x = 9.219 SMry = 1105.00 SMoy = 450.00 FS(ot)y = 2.456 Sliding Check: SHx(D)Resist = Pass(x) = Frict(x) = FS(slid)x = SHy(D)Resist = Pass(y) = Frict(y) = FS(slid)y = Uplift Check: SPz(down) = SPz(uplift) = FS(uplift) = Nomenclature for Biaxial Eccentricity: Case 1: For 3 Corners in Bearing (Dist. x > L and Dist. y > B)
Dist. x Pmax
ft-kips ft-kips (>= 1.5) ft-kips ft-kips (>= 1.5)

Brg. Ly

Dist. y
Brg. Lx

## 0.00 -37.80 -65.00 3.427 0.00 -60.48 -65.00 12.548

kips kips kips (>= 1.5) kips kips kips (>= 1.5)

Dist. x Pmax
Brg. Ly1

## Line of zero pressure

Bearing Length and % Bearing Area: Dist. x = 17.478 ft. Dist. y = 45.034 ft. Brg. Lx = 13.597 ft. Brg. Ly = 3.808 ft. %Brg. Area = 95.35 % Biaxial Case = Case 1 6*ex/L + 6*ey/B = 1.289 Gross Soil Bearing Corner Pressures: P1 = 2.182 ksf P2 = 2.805 ksf P3 = 0.237 ksf P4 = 0.000 ksf

## Case 3: For 2 Corners in Bearing (Dist. x <= L and Dist. y > B)

Dist. x Brg. Lx2 Pmax

Dist. y
Line of zero pressure Brg. Lx1

P2=2.805 ksf

## Case 4: For 1 Corner in Bearing (Dist. x <= L and Dist. y <= B)

Dist. x Brg. Lx Pmax

P1=2.182 ksf

CORNER PRESSURES

## Maximum Net Soil Pressure: Pmax(net) = Pmax(gross)-(D+T)*gs Pmax(net) = 2.205 ksf

Dist. y Brg. Ly
Line of zero pressure

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## RECTANGULAR SPREAD FOOTING ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

For Assumed Rigid Footings with One Concentric Pier Subjected to Uniaxial or Biaxial Eccentricity
Job Name: Job Number: Subject: Originator: Checker: +Pz

Input Data: +Y Allow. Net Soil Pressure, Pa(net) = Design for P(max)net or Pa(net) ? Soil Unit Weight, gs = Passive Pressure Coefficient, Kp = Coefficient of Base Friction, m = Concrete Unit Weight, gc = Conc. Compressive Strength, f'c = Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = Applicable ACI Code = USD Load Fact. for Concrete, LF = f Factor for Flexure and Tension = f Factor for Comp. and Bearing = f Factor for Shear = 3.000 P(max) 0.120 3.000 0.400 0.150 3 60 318-05 1.6 0.90 0.65 0.75
ksf kcf

+My

3 L/2

2
Q

+Hx

Lpx
kcf ksi ksi

Lpy
Lpx

+X
B/2

B T

L Footing Plan

Footing Elevation

Assumptions: 1. For uniaxial eccentricity (either ex or ey) the maximum gross soil pressure is calculated as follows: for ex <= L/6: P(max)gross = ( S Pz)/(B*L)*(1+6*ABS(ex)/L) and P(min)gross = ( S Pz)/(B*L)*(1-6*ABS(ex)/L) , for ex > L/6: P(max)gross = (2* S Pz)/(3*B*(L/2-ABS(ex))) and P(min)gross = 0 for ey <= B/6: P(max)gross = ( S Pz)/(L*B)*(1+6*ABS(ey)/B) and P(min)gross = ( S Pz)/(L*B)*(1-6*ABS(ey)/B) , for ey > B/6: P(max)gross = (2* S Pz)/(3*L*(B/2-ABS(ey))) and P(min)gross = 0 where: S Pz = summation of vertical load and all weights = applied column vertical load (Pz) + soil weight + excess pier weight + surcharge (Q). 2. Concurrent biaxial eccentricities (both ex and ey) are permitted up to point where full contact (100% bearing) on the footing base is still maintained. P(max)gross = ( S Pz)/(B*L)*(1+6*ABS(ex)/L+6*ABS(ey)/B) and P(min)gross = ( S Pz)/(B*L)*(1-6*ABS(ex)/L-6*ABS(ey)/B) where: controlling biaxial eccentricity criteria is as follows: 6*ABS(ex)/L+6*ABS(ey)/B <= 1.0 3. Maximum net soil pressure is calculated as follows: P(max)net = P(max)gross-(D+T)* gs >= 0 4. Program considers all applied moments and horizontal loads as forces causing overturning. However, uplift load (Pz > 0) is considered as a force causing overturning only when there is an applicable resultant eccentricity in the direction of overturning. Combination of frictional resistance between footing base and soil as well as passive soil pressure against footing base and pier is used for total sliding resistance. 5. Program includes uniform live load surcharge (Q) in calculation of soil bearing pressures, and is assumed to act over entire footing plan area (L*B). Uniform live load surcharge (Q) is not included in any of stability checks. 6. One-way and two-way shear capacity checks are based on full uniform design net bearing pressure, P(net) = either P(max)net or Pa(net), as selected by user. 7. Footing flexural reinforcing for bottom face is based on full uniform design net bearing pressure, P(net) = either P(max)net or Pa(net), as selected by user. Footing flexural reinforcing for top face is determined only when there is an applied column uplift load (Pz > 0), and is based on bending from footing self-weight plus any soil and live load surcharge (Q) weight. 8. Minimum temperature reinforcing is determined as follows: As(temp) = r(temp)*12*T (all reinforcing placed in bottom face only) for no column uplift and with soil cover (D > 0) As(temp) = r(temp)/2*12*T (reinforcing divided equally between top/bottom faces) for either with column uplift and/or no soil cover (D = 0) where: r(temp) = 0.0020 for fy = 40 or 50 ksi, r(temp) = 0.0018 for fy = 60 ksi, and r(temp) = 0.0018*60/fy for fy > 60 ksi. 9. For rectangular footings, the flexural reinforcing (per foot) running in the short direction is calculated by: As(short) = r(short)*12*d*2*b /(b +1) , where b = ratio of LongSide to ShortSide. SOIL DATA & SURCHARGE Depth Surch. D Q
(ft.) (ksf)

U in

COLUMN LOCATION

Axial Pz
(kips)

COLUMN LOADS Case 1: Maximum Load Condition Shear Shear Moment Moment Axial Hx Hy Mx My Pz
(kips) (kips) (ft-kips) (ft-kips) (kips)

## Case 2: Minimum Load Condition Shear Shear Moment Hx Hy Mx

(kips) (kips) (ft-kips)

Moment My
(ft-kips)

FOOTING DATA Pier Dimensions Base Dimensions Length Width Height Length Width Thickness Lpx Lpy h L B T
(ft.) (ft.) (ft.) (ft.) (ft.) (ft.)

## Bearing Pressures P(max) P(max) (gross) (net)

(ksf) (ksf)

Stability Checks F.S. F.S. F.S. F.S. Overturning Overturning Sliding Sliding
X-axis Y-axis X-direction Y-direction

## F.S. Uplift -------------------------

RESULTS Shear Capacity Checks One-Way One-Way Two-Way Vu/fVc Vu/fVc Vu/fVc
X-direction Y-direction

Footing Reinforcing Bottom Face Top Face X-direction Y-direction X-direction Y-direction
(in.^2/ft.) (No. - Size) (in.^2/ft.) (No. - Size) (in.^2/ft.) (No. - Size) (in.^2/ft.) (No. - Size)

Footing

A-1 A-2 A-3 A-4 A-5 A-6 A-7 A-8 A-9 A-10 A-11 A-12

## 40.00 -40.00 0.00 0.00

3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000

2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000

3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000

12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000

8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000

2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000

2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000

0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200 0.200

3.305 3.305 3.305 3.305 3.305 3.305 3.305 3.305 1.430 1.430 1.430 1.430

2.825 2.825 2.825 2.825 2.825 2.825 2.825 2.825 0.950 0.950 0.950 0.950

## ----4.94 4.94 ----12.14 12.14 ----4.94 4.94

0.65 0.65 0.34 0.34 0.65 0.65 0.34 0.34 0.22 0.22 0.11 0.11

0.34 0.34 0.65 0.65 0.34 0.34 0.65 0.65 0.11 0.11 0.22 0.22

0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.19

0.522 0.522 0.518 0.518 0.522 0.522 0.518 0.518 0.518 0.518 0.518 0.518

9 - #7 9 - #7 13 - #7 13 - #7 9 - #7 9 - #7 13 - #7 13 - #7 9 - #7 9 - #7 13 - #7 13 - #7

0.518 0.518 0.522 0.522 0.518 0.518 0.522 0.522 0.518 0.518 0.518 0.518

13 - #7 13 - #7 9 - #7 9 - #7 13 - #7 13 - #7 9 - #7 9 - #7 13 - #7 13 - #7 9 - #7 9 - #7

-------------------------

-------------------------

-------------------------

-------------------------

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## RECTANGULAR SPREAD FOOTING - PIER ANALYSIS

For Assumed Rigid Footings with One Concentric Pier Subjected to Uniaxial or Biaxial Eccentricity
Job Name: Job Number: Subject: Originator: Checker: +Pz Lpx

Assumptions: 1. 2. 3. 4. Y
d' (typ.)

Input Data: +Y Concrete Unit Weight, gc = Conc. Compressive Strength, f'c = Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = Clear Cover to Pier Ties, dc = Applicable ACI Code = USD Load Fact. for Concrete, LF = f Factor for Flexure and Tension = f Factor for Comp. and Bearing = f Factor for Shear = 0.150 3 60 2.000 318-05 1.6 0.90 0.65 0.75
kcf ksi ksi in.

+My +Hx Q

5.

L/2
D h

Lpy

+X
Lpx B/2

S
B Ldh T

Lpy

Nsb (total)

Ntb (total)

6. 7. 8.

(kips)

## Horiz. Tie Bar (@ "S" spacing)

Footing Elevation

Pier Section

9.

Program uses CRSI's "Universal Column Formulas" in developing uniaxial interaction curves for X and Y axes, each load case. CRSI's "Universal Column Formulas" assume use of fy = 60 ksi. Program assumes "short", non-slender column analysis for pier. For cases with axial load only (compression or tension) and no moments (Mx and My = 0) the program calculates total reinforcing area (Ast) as follows: Ast = (Ntb + Nsb)*Ab , where: Ab = area of one bar For pure moment capacity with no axial load, program assumes bars in 2 outside faces parallel to axis of bending plus 50% of the total side bars divided equally by and added to the 2 outside faces, and calculated reinforcing areas as follows: for X-axis: As = A's = ((Ntb + 0.50*Nsb)*Ab)/2 , where: Ab = area of one bar for Y-axis: As = A's = (((Nsb+4) + 0.50*(Ntb-4))*Ab)/2 Reinforcing ratio shown is as follows: rg = (Ntb + Nsb)*Ab/(Lpx*12*Lpy*12). Axial load and flexural uniaxial design capacities, fPn and fMn, at design eccentricity, e = Mu*12/Pu, are determined from interpolation within the interaction curve for each axis. Axial load and flexural biaxial capacities, if applicable, are determined by the following approximations: a. For Pu >= 0.1*f'c*Ag, use Bresler Reciprocal Load Equation: 1/fPn = 1/fPnx + 1/fPny - 1/fPo Biaxial interaction stress ratio, S.R. = Pu/fPn <= 1 b. For Pu < 0.1*f'c*Ag, use Bresler Load Contour interaction equation: Biaxial interaction stress ratio, S.R. = (Mux/fMnx)^1.15 + (Muy/fMny)^1.15 <= 1 Straight-line interaction formula is used for biaxial shear interaction stress ratio, S.R. = Vux/ fVnx + Vuy/fVny <= 1 RESULTS Case 2: Axial and Flexural Capacity Checks X-axis Y-axis Biaxial Pu/fPnx Mux/fMnx Pu/fPny Muy/fMny S.R. 0.02 0.02 0.24 0.24 --------0.02 0.02 0.24 0.24 ----0.24 0.24 ------------0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.02 0.02 --------0.24 0.24 0.02 0.02 0.24 0.24 ------------0.24 0.24 -----------------------------

## Case 1: Maximum Load Condition Shear Shear Moment Moment Hx Hy Mx My

(kips) (kips) (ft-kips) (ft-kips)

Axial Pz
(kips)

## Case 2: Minimum Load Condition Shear Shear Moment Hx Hy Mx

(kips) (kips) (ft-kips)

Moment My
(ft-kips)

FOOTING DATA PIER REINFORCING DATA Pier Dimensions Base Dimensions Top/Bot. Side Vert. Horiz. Tie Horiz. Tie Reinf. Length Width Height Length Width Thickness Vert. Bars Vert. Bars Bar Size Bar Size Bar Spac. Ratio rg=Ast/Ag Lpx Lpy h L B T Ntb Nsb (#3 - #11) (#3 - #6) S
(ft.) (ft.) (ft.) (ft.) (ft.) (ft.) (in.)

Case 1: Axial and Flexural Capacity Checks X-axis Y-axis Biaxial Pu/fPnx Mux/fMnx Pu/fPny Muy/fMny S.R. 0.24 0.24 0.25 0.25 0.24 0.24 0.25 0.25 ------------0.25 0.25 ----0.25 0.25 --------0.25 0.25 0.24 0.24 0.25 0.25 0.24 0.24 --------0.25 0.25 ----0.25 0.25 -------------------------------------

X-direction Y-direction

Max. Shear Checks Biaxial Vu/fVnx Vu/fVny S.R. 0.14 0.14 ----0.13 0.13 ----0.14 0.14 --------0.14 0.14 ----0.13 0.13 ----0.14 0.14 -------------------------

Bearing Check Pu/fPnb 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01

A-1 A-2 A-3 A-4 A-5 A-6 A-7 A-8 A-9 A-10 A-11 A-12

## 40.00 -40.00 0.00 0.00

3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000

2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000 2.000 2.000 3.000 3.000

3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000

12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000

8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000 8.000 8.000 12.000 12.000

2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000

10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12

0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.008

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