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Supervision Essays

24/10/10 The study of kinship was invented by superimposing specific ideas about biology onto human social life (Schneider). Discuss.

Bloch, M. 1973 The long term and the short term Engels, F. 1972 (1942) The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State Gellner, Ernest 1987 The Concept of Kinship and Other Essays Leacock, Eleanor Burke 1972 Introduction in Engels The Origin of the Family Morgan, Lewis Henry 1851 League of the Ho-d-no-sau-nee, or Iroquois --- 1871 Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity of the Human Family Needham, Rodney 1960 Descent systems and ideal language Schneider, David 1984 A Critique of the Study of Kinship Trautmann, Thomas R. 1987 Lewis Henry Morgan and the Invention of Kinship


What effects did colonialism have on the consciousness of colonial subjects & colonial rulers & their clients or collaborators? Discuss with reference to two or more ethnographic cases.

Comaroff, J. & J. 1991 Of Revelation and Revolution Cooper, F. 1992 Colonizing Time: Work Rhythms and Labor Conflict in Colonial Mombasa Ernst, W. 1997 Idioms of Madness and Colonial Boundaries Fanon, F. 2001 (1961) The Wretched of the Earth --- 1990 (1967) Black Skin, White Masks Mamdani, M. 2001 Beyond Settler & Native as Political Identities Mbemb, J. A. 2003 Necropolitics Nandy, A. 2009 (1983) The Intimate Enemy: Loss and Recovery of Self Under Colonialism Powers, J. 2002 Insanity and Resistance to Colonialism Said, E. 1978 Orientalism Stoler, A. L. 1992 Rethinking Colonial Categories: European Communities and the Boundaries of Rule --- 2002 Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power: Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule Taussig, M. 1993 Mimesis and Alterity: A Particular History of the Senses


To what extent can religious violence actually be considered to be religious?

Appadurai, A. 2006 Fear of Small Numbers: An Essay on the Geography of Anger Arendt, H. 1969 From On Violence Bastin, R. 2009 Sri Lankan Civil Society and its fanatics Bertrand, J. 2002 Legacies of the authoritarian past: religious violence in Indonesias Moluccan Islands Brass, P. 2003 The Production of Hindu-Muslim Violence in Contemporary India Cady, L. & Simon, S. 2007 Introduction: Reflections on the nexus of religion and violence Goody, J. 2001 Bitter Icons Hefner, R. W. 2007 The Sword Against the Crescent: Religion and violence in Muslim Southeast Asia Juergensmeyer, M. 2007 From Bhindranwale to bin Laden: A search for understanding religious violence Kapferer, B. 1988 Legends of People, Myths of State: Sri Lanka & Australia

Kortteinen, T. 2008 Islamic Resurgence and the ethnicization of the Malaysian state: the case of Lina Joy Mamdani, M. 2001 When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism and the Genocide in Rwanda McCargo, D. 2008 Tearing Apart the Land: Islam and Legitimacy in Southern Thailand Scheper-Hughes, N. 2002 Violence Foretold: Reflections on 9/11 Schober, J. 2007 Buddhism, Violence, and the State in Burma (Myanmar) and Sri Lanka Sidel, J. 2006 Riots, Pogroms, Jihad: Religious Violence in Indonesia Telle, K. 2009 Dharma Power: Searching for Security in Post-New Order Indonesia


Adoption and new reproductive technologies raise different but related questions for the anthropology of kinship. Discuss.

Bodenhorn, B. 2000 He used to be my relative Carsten, J. 1991 Children in Between: Fostering and the Process of Kinship on Pulau Langkawi, Malaysia --- 2000 Introduction: cultures of relatedness --- 2004 After Kinship Delaney, C. 1986 The Meaning of Paternity and the Virgin Birth Debate Franklin, S. 1997 Embodied Progress: A cultural account of assisted conception --- 2001 Biologization Revisited: Kinship Theory in the Context of the New Biologies Franklin, S. & McKinnon, S. 2001 Introduction in Relative Values: Reconfiguring Kinship Studies Howell, S. 2001 Self-Conscious Kinship: Some Contested Values in Norwegian Transnational Adoption Kahn, S. M. 2004 Eggs and womb: the origins of Jewishness Modell, J. S. 1999 Freely Given: Open Adoption and the Rhetoric of the Gift Ragon, H. 1996 Chasing the Blood Tie: Surrogate Mothers, Adoptive Mothers and Fathers --- 1999 The Gift of Life: Surrogate Motherhood, Gamete Donation, & Constructions of Altruism Riviere, P. 1985 Unscrambling Parenthood: The Warnock Report Stanworth, M. (ed.) 1987 Reproductive Technologies: Gender, Motherhood and Medicine Strathern, M. 1992 Reproducing the Future: Anthropology, Kinship and the New Reproductive Technologies Thompson, C. 2001 Strategic Naturalizing: Kinship in an Infertility Clinic Weismantel, M. 1995 Making Kin: Kinship Theory and Zumbagua Adoptions


Pre-capitalist economies are socially embedded, whereas capitalist societies are embedded in the capitalist economy (Polanyi). Discuss.

Beckert, J., 2009 The great transformation of embeddedness: Karl Polanyi and the new economic sociology Berdan, F.F., 1989 Trade and Markets in Precapitalist States Bestor, T.C., 2001 Supply-Side Sushi: Commodity, Market, and the Global City Block, F. & Somers, M.R., 1984 Beyond the Economistic Fallacy: The Holistic Social Science of Karl Polanyi Bohannan, P. 1955 Some Principles of Exchange and Investment among the Tiv Carrier, J., 1995 Gifts and Commodities: Exchange and Western Capitalism since 1700 Elyachar, J., 2005 Markets of Dispossession: NGOS, Economic Development, and the State in Cairo Gregory, C., 1982 Gifts and Commodities Gudeman, G., 2005 Community and economy: economys base Hart, K., 2009 Money in the making of world society Hart, K. & Hann, C., 2009 Introduction: Learning from Polanyi 1

Humphrey, C. & Mandel, R. 2002 Introduction in The Market in Everyday Life: Ethnographies of Postsocialism Isaac, B.L., 2005 Introduction: Karl Polanyi in Carrier, J. (ed.) A Handbook of Economic Anthropology Marx, K., 1867 Capital: A Critique of Political Economy Maurer, B., 2005 Mutual Life, Limited: Islamic Banking, Alternative Currencies, Lateral Reason Ortiz, S., 2005 Decisions and choices: the rationality of economic actors Parry, J. & Bloch, M., 1989 Introduction: Money and the morality of exchange Polanyi, K., 2001 (1944) The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time Pospisil, L., 1968 The Kapauku Individualistic Money Economy


How have anthropologists explained the widespread existence of inversions and reversals in ritual events?

Bell, C., 1992 Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice Bellah, R.N., 2005 Durkheim & Ritual Castle, T., 1986 Masquerade & Civilization: The Carnivalesque in Eighteenth-Century English Culture & Fiction Davis, N.Z., 1975 Society & Culture in Early Modern France Douglas, M., 2002 [1966] Purity & Danger Durkheim, E., 1971 [1915] The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life Fuller, C.J., 1992 The Camphor Flame: Popular Hinduism & Society in India Gennep, A.V., 1969 [1960] The Rites of Passage --- 1975 [1913] Review . Durkheim Gluckman, M., 1963 Order & Rebellion in Tribal Africa Humphrey, C. & Laidlaw, J., 1994 The archetypal actions of ritual Lewis, G., 1980 Day of Shining Red: An Essay on Understanding Ritual Marriott, M., 1966 The Feast of Love Pandian, J., 2002 Supernaturalism in human life: A discourse on myth, rituals and religion Rasmussen, S.J., 1995 Spirit Possession & Personhood among the Kel Ewey Tuareg Stallybrass, P. & White, A., 2002 The Politics & Poetics of Transgression Turner, V., 1967 The Forest of Symbols: Aspects of Ndembu Ritual --- 1969 The Ritual Process: Structure & Anti-Structure

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Set Essay: Are the moralities of kinship and the moralities of the market inevitably opposed? What is problematic about the state-society distinction and how does the study of NGOs challenge it further?

Abrams, P. 1988 [1977]. Notes on the Difficulty of Studying the State Aretxaga, B. 2003. Maddening States Bornstein, E. 2005. The Spirit of Development: Protestant NGOs, Morality, and Economics in Zimbabwe Englund, H. 2006. Prisoners of Freedom: Human Rights and The African Poor Ferguson, J. 2006. Global Shadows: Africa in the Neoliberal World Order Ferguson, J. & Gupta, A. 2002. Spatializing States: Toward an Ethnography of Neoliberal Governmentality Geertz, C. 2004. What Is A State If It Is Not Sovereign? Reflections on Politics in Complicated Places Gupta, A. 2005. Blurred Boundaries: The Discourse of Corruption, the Culture of Politics, & the Imagined State Hanlon, J. 1991. Mozambique: Who Calls The Shots? Mitchell, T. 1991. The Limits of the State: Beyond Statist Approaches and Their Critics Speed, S. 2006. At the Crossroads of Human Rights and Anthropology

Tate, W. 2007. Counting the Dead: The Culture and Politics of Human Rights Activism in Colombia


With reference to the study of Christianity, assess the value of the category of belief for anthropological analysis.

Aragon, L.V. 1996. Reorganizing the Cosmology in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia Broz, L. 2009. Conversion to religion? Buckser, A. 2008. Cultural Change and the Meanings of Belief in Jewish Copenhagen Coleman, S. 2003. Continuous Conversion? The Rhetoric, Practice, & Rhetorical Practice of Charismatic Protestant Conversion Comaroff, J. & Comaroff, J. 1991. Of Revelation and Revolution Engelke, M. 2004. Discontinuity and the Discourse of Conversion Englund, H. 2007. Pentecostalism Beyond Belief: Trust and Democracy in a Malawian Township Horton, R. 1971 African Conversion Kirsch, T. 2004. Restaging the Will to Believe: Religious Pluralism, Anti-Syncretism, and the Problem of Belief Rambo, L.R. 2003. Anthropology and the Study of Conversion Robbins, J. 2007. Continuity Thinking and the Problem of Christian Culture Ruel, M. 2002 [1997]. Christians as Believers Stewart, C. & Shaw, R. (eds.) 1994. Syncretism/Anti-Syncretism: The Politics of Religious Synthesis