Column Design

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Column Design

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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Copyright (c) 1995-2007 Struct CADD Sector. All Rights Reserved. Limit State Design of Braced/Unbraced Short/Long Rectangular/Circular Cracked/Uncracked Column Sections Subjected to Axial Load/Uni-axial & Bi-axial Bending in accordance with IS:456-2000.

Introduction:This Report contains the detailed solution for the given Reinforced Concrete Column Design problem. The given Column Section is considered for Compression & Bending Design and the output contains the following portions: 1. Global Input Data 2. Development Length Output 3. Slenderness & Eccentricity Output 4. Flexural Design Output 5. Tie Design Output While detailed design will be carried out for Compression & Bending, design for Axial Tension and Shear is not incorporated in this Release.

Global Material Data Concrete Clear Cover Char. Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Strength of Main Steel Main Rod Size-1 Main Rod Size-2 Yield Strength of Tie Steel Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Factor of Safety for Load Partial Safety Factor for Concrete Partial Safety Factor for Steel Max. Strain in Concrete Max. Strain in Steel Young's Modulus of Concrete Young's Modulus of Steel = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 40 20 415 16 20 415 8 10 1 1.5 1.15 0.0035 0.0055 22360.68 200000 mm./mm. mm./mm. N/sq.mm. N/sq.mm. mm. N/sq.mm. N/sq.mm. mm. mm. N/sq.mm. mm. mm.

Bond / Development Length Output Char. Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Stress of Main Steel As Per IS:456-2000, Clause 26.2.1.1, Design Bond Stress for Main Rods Rods in Compression:Main Rod Diameter-1 Corresponding Development Length Main Rod Diameter-2 Corresponding Development Length = = = = 16 601.75 20 752.187 mm. mm. mm. mm. = = 20 415 N/sq.mm. N/sq.mm.

2.4

N/sq.mm.

C11 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 1) Column Section Width of Column Depth of Column = = = Rectangular 230 450 mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom = = = = = = = = = = = 0.802 0.686 1.5 1.2 1.203 0.823 98.908 -2.167 -0.05 -3.634 -0.096 m. m. m. m. KN. KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C11 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 1) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, 0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY) = = = 1.203 0.823 3.577 m. m.

2.672

= = = = =

20 10.067 18 20 20

= =

Actual Eccentricity about ZZ due to Moment-ZZ = Actual Eccentricity about YY due to Moment-YY = Design Eccentricity about ZZ due to Moment-ZZ = Design Eccentricity about YY due to Moment-YY =

As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, Design Eccentricity about ZZ is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about ZZ. Revised Design Bending Moment about ZZ = 3.634 KN m.

Design Eccentricity about YY is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 1.978 KN m.

C11 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 1) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load Revised Design Moment about ZZ axis Revised Design Moment about YY axis = = = = 98.908 98.908 3.634 1.978 KN. KN. KN m. KN m.

The Column is subjected to Axial Load & Bi-axial Bending. Main Reinforcement is provided along all the FOUR Sides. Characteristic Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Stress of Main Steel Min. Percentage of Reinforcement Required Max. Percentage of Reinforcement Allowed Percentage of Reinforcement Required = = = = = 20 415 0.8 6 0.001 N/sq.mm. N/sq.mm. % % %

As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.1, the required percentage of Reinforcement is less than the Minimum value to be provided. Therefore, Minimum Reinforcement will be provided. Depth of Neutral Axis about ZZ-axis Depth of Neutral Axis about YY-axis Ultimate Axial Load, Puz Ratio of Pu/Puz Value of Coefficient, Alpha-n Ultimate Moment Capacity about ZZ-axis Ultimate Moment Capacity about YY-axis Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Mux/Mux1 Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Muy/Muy1 Sum of above Ratios, applied with Alpha-n Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area = = = = = = = = = = = = = 59.85 59.85 931.813 0.106 1 19.859 10.144 0.183 0.195 0.378 230 450 103500 mm. mm. sq.mm. KN m. KN m. mm. mm. KN.

Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area

= = = = = = = = = =

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C11 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 1) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = = = =

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated. C11 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 2) Column Section Width of Column Depth of Column = = = Rectangular 230 450 mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis = = 0.802 0.686

Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom

= = = = = = = = =

m. m. m. m. KN. KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C11 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 2) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, 0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY) = = = 1.203 0.823 3.577 m. m.

2.672

= = = = =

20 10.067 18 20 20

= =

Actual Eccentricity about ZZ due to Moment-ZZ = Actual Eccentricity about YY due to Moment-YY = Design Eccentricity about ZZ due to Moment-ZZ = Design Eccentricity about YY due to Moment-YY = As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, Design Eccentricity about ZZ is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about ZZ. Revised Design Bending Moment about ZZ =

13.821

KN m.

Design Eccentricity about YY is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 7.048 KN m.

C11 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 2) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load = = 352.405 352.405 KN. KN.

Revised Design Moment about ZZ axis Revised Design Moment about YY axis

= =

13.821 7.048

KN m. KN m.

The Column is subjected to Axial Load & Bi-axial Bending. Main Reinforcement is provided along all the FOUR Sides. Characteristic Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Stress of Main Steel Min. Percentage of Reinforcement Required Max. Percentage of Reinforcement Allowed Percentage of Reinforcement Required = = = = = 20 415 0.8 6 0.001 N/sq.mm. N/sq.mm. % % %

As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.1, the required percentage of Reinforcement is less than the Minimum value to be provided. Therefore, Minimum Reinforcement will be provided. Depth of Neutral Axis about ZZ-axis Depth of Neutral Axis about YY-axis Ultimate Axial Load, Puz Ratio of Pu/Puz Value of Coefficient, Alpha-n Ultimate Moment Capacity about ZZ-axis Ultimate Moment Capacity about YY-axis Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Mux/Mux1 Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Muy/Muy1 Sum of above Ratios, applied with Alpha-n Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 212.4 212.4 931.813 0.378 1.297 48.107 24.582 0.287 0.287 0.396 230 450 103500 0.8 828 16 4.118 4 804.248 20 2.636 4 1256.637 mm. mm. sq.mm. % sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm. KN m. KN m. mm. mm. KN.

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular

Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C11 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 2) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = = = =

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated. C11 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 3) Column Section Width of Column Depth of Column = = = Rectangular 230 450 mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom = = = = = = = = = = = 0.802 0.686 1.5 1.2 1.203 0.823 208.56 1.26 0.174 2.699 0.299 m. m. m. m. KN. KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C11 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 3) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column = = 1.203 0.823 m. m.

Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, 0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY)

3.577

2.672

= = = = =

20 10.067 18 20 20

= =

Actual Eccentricity about ZZ due to Moment-ZZ = Actual Eccentricity about YY due to Moment-YY = Design Eccentricity about ZZ due to Moment-ZZ = Design Eccentricity about YY due to Moment-YY =

As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, Design Eccentricity about ZZ is not more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column carries only Axial Load about ZZ. Design Eccentricity about YY is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 4.171 KN m.

C11 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 3) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load Revised Design Moment about YY axis = = = 208.56 208.56 4.171 KN. KN. KN m.

The Column is subjected to Axial Load & Uni-axial Bending. Main Reinforcement is provided along all the FOUR Sides. Characteristic Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Stress of Main Steel Min. Percentage of Reinforcement Required Max. Percentage of Reinforcement Allowed Depth of Neutral Axis Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area = = = = = = = = 20 415 0.8 6 4.5 230 450 103500 N/sq.mm. N/sq.mm. % % mm. mm. mm. sq.mm.

Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area

= = = = = = = = = =

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C11 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 3) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = = = =

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated. C11 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 4) Column Section Width of Column Depth of Column = = = Rectangular 230 450 mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis = = 0.802 0.686

Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom

= = = = = = = = =

m. m. m. m. KN. KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C11 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 4) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, 0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY) = = = 1.203 0.823 3.577 m. m.

2.672

= = = = =

20 10.067 18 20 20

= =

Actual Eccentricity about ZZ due to Moment-ZZ = Actual Eccentricity about YY due to Moment-YY = Design Eccentricity about ZZ due to Moment-ZZ = Design Eccentricity about YY due to Moment-YY =

As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, Design Eccentricity about ZZ is not more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column carries only Axial Load about ZZ. Design Eccentricity about YY is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 4.105 KN m.

C11 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 4) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load Revised Design Moment about YY axis = = = 205.246 205.246 4.105 KN. KN. KN m.

The Column is subjected to Axial Load & Uni-axial Bending. Main Reinforcement is provided along all the FOUR Sides. Characteristic Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Stress of Main Steel Min. Percentage of Reinforcement Required Max. Percentage of Reinforcement Allowed Depth of Neutral Axis Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 20 415 0.8 6 4.5 230 450 103500 0.8 828 16 4.118 4 804.248 20 2.636 4 1256.637 N/sq.mm. N/sq.mm. % % mm. mm. mm. sq.mm. % sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm.

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C11 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 4) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = = = =

= = =

225

mm.

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated. C11 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 5) Column Section Width of Column Depth of Column = = = Rectangular 230 450 mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom = = = = = = = = = = = 0.802 0.686 1.5 1.2 1.203 0.823 989.81 -14.492 -0.38 -22.134 -0.788 m. m. m. m. KN. KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C11 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 5) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, 0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY) = = = 1.203 0.823 3.577 m. m.

2.672

= = = = =

20 10.067 18 20 20

= =

Actual Eccentricity about ZZ due to Moment-ZZ = Actual Eccentricity about YY due to Moment-YY = Design Eccentricity about ZZ due to Moment-ZZ =

Design Eccentricity about YY due to Moment-YY = As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, Design Eccentricity about ZZ is not more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column carries only Axial Load about ZZ. Design Eccentricity about YY is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY =

20

mm.

19.796

KN m.

C11 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 5) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load Revised Design Moment about YY axis = = = 989.81 989.81 19.796 KN. KN. KN m.

The Column is subjected to Axial Load & Uni-axial Bending. Main Reinforcement is provided along all the FOUR Sides. Characteristic Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Stress of Main Steel Min. Percentage of Reinforcement Required Max. Percentage of Reinforcement Allowed Depth of Neutral Axis Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 20 415 0.8 6 440.55 230 450 103500 0.948 980.724 16 4.878 5 1005.31 20 3.122 4 1256.637 N/sq.mm. N/sq.mm. % % mm. mm. mm. sq.mm. % sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm.

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C11 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 5) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 = = 8 10 mm. mm.

Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods

16

mm.

= = = = =

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated. C11 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 6) Column Section Width of Column Depth of Column = = = Rectangular 230 450 mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom = = = = = = = = = = = 0.802 0.686 1.5 1.2 1.203 0.823 1297.68 -12.633 -0.123 -18.15 -0.348 m. m. m. m. KN. KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C11 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 6) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. = = = 1.203 0.823 3.577 m. m.

2.672

As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, 0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY)

= = = = =

20 10.067 18 20 20

= =

As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, Design Eccentricity about ZZ is not more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column carries only Axial Load about ZZ. Design Eccentricity about YY is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 25.954 KN m.

C11 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 6) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load Revised Design Moment about YY axis = = = 1297.68 1297.68 25.954 KN. KN. KN m.

The Column is subjected to Axial Load & Uni-axial Bending. Main Reinforcement is provided along all the FOUR Sides. Characteristic Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Stress of Main Steel Min. Percentage of Reinforcement Required Max. Percentage of Reinforcement Allowed Depth of Neutral Axis Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 = = = = = = = = = = = 20 415 0.8 6 436.5 230 450 103500 2.123 2197.192 16 N/sq.mm. N/sq.mm. % % mm. mm. mm. sq.mm. % sq.mm. mm.

No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area

= = = = = = =

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C11 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 6) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = = = =

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated.

C51 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 1) Column Section Width of Column Depth of Column = = = Rectangular 230 450 mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom = = = = = = = = = = = 0.945 0.657 2.7 2.4 2.552 1.577 68.213 -3.447 -0.055 -3.185 -0.031 m. m. m. m. KN. KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C51 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 1) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, 0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY) = = = 2.552 1.577 6.858 m. m.

5.671

= = = = =

= =

As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, Design Eccentricity about ZZ is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about ZZ. Revised Design Bending Moment about ZZ = 3.447 KN m.

Design Eccentricity about YY is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 1.364 KN m.

C51 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 1) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load Revised Design Moment about ZZ axis Revised Design Moment about YY axis = = = = 68.213 68.213 3.447 1.364 KN. KN. KN m. KN m.

The Column is subjected to Axial Load & Bi-axial Bending. Main Reinforcement is provided along all the FOUR Sides. Characteristic Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Stress of Main Steel Min. Percentage of Reinforcement Required Max. Percentage of Reinforcement Allowed Percentage of Reinforcement Required = = = = = 20 415 0.8 6 0.001 N/sq.mm. N/sq.mm. % % %

As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.1, the required percentage of Reinforcement is less than the Minimum value to be provided. Therefore, Minimum Reinforcement will be provided. Depth of Neutral Axis about ZZ-axis Depth of Neutral Axis about YY-axis Ultimate Axial Load, Puz Ratio of Pu/Puz Value of Coefficient, Alpha-n Ultimate Moment Capacity about ZZ-axis Ultimate Moment Capacity about YY-axis Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Mux/Mux1 Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Muy/Muy1 Sum of above Ratios, applied with Alpha-n Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area = = = = = = = = = = = = = 40.95 40.95 931.813 0.073 1 14.122 7.215 0.244 0.189 0.433 230 450 103500 mm. mm. sq.mm. KN m. KN m. mm. mm. KN.

Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area

= = = = = = = = = =

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C51 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 1) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = = = =

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated. C51 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 2) Column Section Width of Column Depth of Column = = = Rectangular 230 450 mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis = = 0.945 0.657

Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom

= = = = = = = = =

m. m. m. m. KN. KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C51 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 2) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, 0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY) = = = 2.552 1.577 6.858 m. m.

5.671

= = = = =

= =

Actual Eccentricity about ZZ due to Moment-ZZ = Actual Eccentricity about YY due to Moment-YY = Design Eccentricity about ZZ due to Moment-ZZ = Design Eccentricity about YY due to Moment-YY = As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, Design Eccentricity about ZZ is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about ZZ. Revised Design Bending Moment about ZZ =

17.184

KN m.

Design Eccentricity about YY is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 3.524 KN m.

C51 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 2) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load = = 176.199 176.199 KN. KN.

Revised Design Moment about ZZ axis Revised Design Moment about YY axis

= =

17.184 3.524

KN m. KN m.

As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.1, the required percentage of Reinforcement is less than the Minimum value to be provided. Therefore, Minimum Reinforcement will be provided. Depth of Neutral Axis about ZZ-axis Depth of Neutral Axis about YY-axis Ultimate Axial Load, Puz Ratio of Pu/Puz Value of Coefficient, Alpha-n Ultimate Moment Capacity about ZZ-axis Ultimate Moment Capacity about YY-axis Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Mux/Mux1 Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Muy/Muy1 Sum of above Ratios, applied with Alpha-n Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 106.2 106.2 931.813 0.189 1 31.84 16.262 0.54 0.217 0.756 230 450 103500 0.8 828 16 4.118 4 804.248 20 2.636 4 1256.637 mm. mm. sq.mm. % sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm. KN m. KN m. mm. mm. KN.

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular

Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C51 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 2) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = = = =

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated. C51 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 3) Column Section Width of Column Depth of Column = = = Rectangular 230 450 mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom = = = = = = = = = = = 0.945 0.657 2.7 2.4 2.552 1.577 209.714 -3.735 0.095 -7.789 -0.044 m. m. m. m. KN. KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C51 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 3) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column = = 2.552 1.577 m. m.

Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, 0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY)

6.858

5.671

= = = = =

= =

Actual Eccentricity about ZZ due to Moment-ZZ = Actual Eccentricity about YY due to Moment-YY = Design Eccentricity about ZZ due to Moment-ZZ = Design Eccentricity about YY due to Moment-YY = As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, Design Eccentricity about ZZ is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about ZZ. Revised Design Bending Moment about ZZ =

7.789

KN m.

Design Eccentricity about YY is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 4.194 KN m.

C51 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 3) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load Revised Design Moment about ZZ axis Revised Design Moment about YY axis = = = = 209.714 209.714 7.789 4.194 KN. KN. KN m. KN m.

The Column is subjected to Axial Load & Bi-axial Bending. Main Reinforcement is provided along all the FOUR Sides. Characteristic Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Stress of Main Steel Min. Percentage of Reinforcement Required Max. Percentage of Reinforcement Allowed Percentage of Reinforcement Required As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.1, = = = = = 20 415 0.8 6 0.001 N/sq.mm. N/sq.mm. % % %

the required percentage of Reinforcement is less than the Minimum value to be provided. Therefore, Minimum Reinforcement will be provided. Depth of Neutral Axis about ZZ-axis Depth of Neutral Axis about YY-axis Ultimate Axial Load, Puz Ratio of Pu/Puz Value of Coefficient, Alpha-n Ultimate Moment Capacity about ZZ-axis Ultimate Moment Capacity about YY-axis Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Mux/Mux1 Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Muy/Muy1 Sum of above Ratios, applied with Alpha-n Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 126.45 126.45 931.813 0.225 1.042 36.142 18.463 0.216 0.227 0.416 230 450 103500 0.8 828 16 4.118 4 804.248 20 2.636 4 1256.637 mm. mm. sq.mm. % sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm. KN m. KN m. mm. mm. KN.

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C51 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 3) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = = =

Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods

20

mm.

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated. C51 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 4) Column Section Width of Column Depth of Column = = = Rectangular 230 450 mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom = = = = = = = = = = = 0.945 0.657 2.7 2.4 2.552 1.577 206.382 -3.676 0.093 -7.665 -0.043 m. m. m. m. KN. KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C51 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 4) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, = = = 2.552 1.577 6.858 m. m.

5.671

= = = = =

0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY)

= =

7.665

KN m.

Design Eccentricity about YY is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 4.128 KN m.

C51 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 4) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load Revised Design Moment about ZZ axis Revised Design Moment about YY axis = = = = 206.382 206.382 7.665 4.128 KN. KN. KN m. KN m.

As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.1, the required percentage of Reinforcement is less than the Minimum value to be provided. Therefore, Minimum Reinforcement will be provided. Depth of Neutral Axis about ZZ-axis Depth of Neutral Axis about YY-axis Ultimate Axial Load, Puz Ratio of Pu/Puz Value of Coefficient, Alpha-n Ultimate Moment Capacity about ZZ-axis Ultimate Moment Capacity about YY-axis Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Mux/Mux1 = = = = = = = = 124.65 124.65 931.813 0.221 1.036 35.782 18.279 0.214 KN m. KN m. mm. mm. KN.

Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Muy/Muy1 Sum of above Ratios, applied with Alpha-n Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

0.226 0.417 230 450 103500 0.8 828 16 4.118 4 804.248 20 2.636 4 1256.637 mm. mm. sq.mm. % sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm.

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C51 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 4) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = = = =

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated. C51 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 5) Column Section = Rectangular

= =

230 450

mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom = = = = = = = = = = = 0.945 0.657 2.7 2.4 2.552 1.577 681.189 -34.361 -1.301 -42.237 -1.861 m. m. m. m. KN. KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C51 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 5) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, 0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY) = = = 2.552 1.577 6.858 m. m.

5.671

= = = = =

= =

42.237

KN m.

Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 13.624 KN m.

C51 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 5) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load Revised Design Moment about ZZ axis Revised Design Moment about YY axis = = = = 681.189 681.189 42.237 13.624 KN. KN. KN m. KN m.

The Column is subjected to Axial Load & Bi-axial Bending. Main Reinforcement is provided along all the FOUR Sides. Characteristic Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Stress of Main Steel Min. Percentage of Reinforcement Required Max. Percentage of Reinforcement Allowed Percentage of Reinforcement Required = = = = = 20 415 0.8 6 0.361 N/sq.mm. N/sq.mm. % % %

As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.1, the required percentage of Reinforcement is less than the Minimum value to be provided. Therefore, Minimum Reinforcement will be provided. Depth of Neutral Axis about ZZ-axis Depth of Neutral Axis about YY-axis Ultimate Axial Load, Puz Ratio of Pu/Puz Value of Coefficient, Alpha-n Ultimate Moment Capacity about ZZ-axis Ultimate Moment Capacity about YY-axis Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Mux/Mux1 Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Muy/Muy1 Sum of above Ratios, applied with Alpha-n Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 370.8 400.95 1044.431 0.652 1.754 52.515 26.238 0.804 0.519 0.999 230 450 103500 0.8 828 16 4.118 4 mm. mm. sq.mm. % sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. KN m. KN m. mm. mm. KN.

Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area

= = = = =

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C51 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 5) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = = = =

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated. C51 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 6) Column Section Width of Column Depth of Column = = = Rectangular 230 450 mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column = = = = = = = 0.945 0.657 2.7 2.4 2.552 1.577 990.762 m. m. m. m. KN.

Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom

= = = =

KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C51 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 6) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, 0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY) = = = 2.552 1.577 6.858 m. m.

5.671

= = = = =

= =

53.736

KN m.

Design Eccentricity about YY is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 19.815 KN m.

C51 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 6) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load Revised Design Moment about ZZ axis Revised Design Moment about YY axis = = = = 990.762 990.762 53.736 19.815 KN. KN. KN m. KN m.

The Column is subjected to Axial Load & Bi-axial Bending. Main Reinforcement is provided along all the FOUR Sides.

Characteristic Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Stress of Main Steel Min. Percentage of Reinforcement Required Max. Percentage of Reinforcement Allowed Depth of Neutral Axis about ZZ-axis Depth of Neutral Axis about YY-axis Ultimate Axial Load, Puz Ratio of Pu/Puz Value of Coefficient, Alpha-n Ultimate Moment Capacity about ZZ-axis Ultimate Moment Capacity about YY-axis Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Mux/Mux1 Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Muy/Muy1 Sum of above Ratios, applied with Alpha-n Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

20 415 0.8 6 409.5 400.95 1369.773 0.723 1.872 68.468 44.92 0.785 0.441 0.851 230 450 103500 1.401 1450.035 16 7.212 8 1608.495 20 4.616 5 1570.796

KN m. KN m.

mm. mm. sq.mm. % sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm.

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C51 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 6) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = =

Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods

= =

225 20

mm. mm.

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated.

C91 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 1) Column Section Width of Column Depth of Column = = = Rectangular 230 450 mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom = = = = = = = = = = = 0.908 0.614 2.7 2.4 2.453 1.474 34.592 -4.42 -0.105 -5.627 -0.191 m. m. m. m. KN. KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C91 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 1) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, 0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY) = = = 2.453 1.474 6.41 m. m.

5.451

= = = = =

= =

As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, Design Eccentricity about ZZ is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about ZZ. Revised Design Bending Moment about ZZ = 5.627 KN m.

Design Eccentricity about YY is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 0.692 KN m.

C91 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 1) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load Revised Design Moment about ZZ axis Revised Design Moment about YY axis = = = = 34.592 34.592 5.627 0.692 KN. KN. KN m. KN m.

As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.1, the required percentage of Reinforcement is less than the Minimum value to be provided. Therefore, Minimum Reinforcement will be provided. Depth of Neutral Axis about ZZ-axis Depth of Neutral Axis about YY-axis Ultimate Axial Load, Puz Ratio of Pu/Puz Value of Coefficient, Alpha-n Ultimate Moment Capacity about ZZ-axis Ultimate Moment Capacity about YY-axis Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Mux/Mux1 Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Muy/Muy1 Sum of above Ratios, applied with Alpha-n Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area = = = = = = = = = = = = = 20.7 20.7 931.813 0.037 1 7.437 3.798 0.757 0.182 0.939 230 450 103500 mm. mm. sq.mm. KN m. KN m. mm. mm. KN.

= = = = = = = = = =

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C91 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 1) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = = = =

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated. C91 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 2) Column Section Width of Column Depth of Column = = = Rectangular 230 450 mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis = = 0.908 0.614

= = = = = = = = =

m. m. m. m. KN. KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C91 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 2) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, 0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY) = = = 2.453 1.474 6.41 m. m.

5.451

= = = = =

= =

As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, Design Eccentricity about ZZ is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about ZZ. Revised Design Bending Moment about ZZ = 9.661 KN m.

Design Eccentricity about YY is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 0.537 KN m.

C91 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 2) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load = = 1.771 1.771 KN. KN.

Revised Design Moment about ZZ axis Revised Design Moment about YY axis

= =

9.661 0.537

KN m. KN m.

The Column is subjected to Axial Load & Bi-axial Bending. Main Reinforcement is provided along all the FOUR Sides. Characteristic Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Stress of Main Steel Min. Percentage of Reinforcement Required Max. Percentage of Reinforcement Allowed Percentage of Reinforcement Required = = = = = 20 415 0.8 6 0.201 N/sq.mm. N/sq.mm. % % %

As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.1, the required percentage of Reinforcement is less than the Minimum value to be provided. Therefore, Minimum Reinforcement will be provided. Depth of Neutral Axis about ZZ-axis Depth of Neutral Axis about YY-axis Ultimate Axial Load, Puz Ratio of Pu/Puz Value of Coefficient, Alpha-n Ultimate Moment Capacity about ZZ-axis Ultimate Moment Capacity about YY-axis Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Mux/Mux1 Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Muy/Muy1 Sum of above Ratios, applied with Alpha-n Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 33.3 33.3 994.379 0.002 1 15.483 7.391 0.624 0.073 0.697 230 450 103500 0.8 828 16 4.118 4 804.248 20 2.636 4 1256.637 mm. mm. sq.mm. % sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm. KN m. KN m. mm. mm. KN.

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular

Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C91 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 2) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = = = =

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated. C91 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 3) Column Section Width of Column Depth of Column = = = Rectangular 230 450 mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom = = = = = = = = = = = 0.908 0.614 2.7 2.4 2.453 1.474 106.483 -18.267 -0.546 -21.356 -0.829 m. m. m. m. KN. KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C91 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 3) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column = = 2.453 1.474 m. m.

Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, 0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY)

6.41

5.451

= = = = =

= =

21.356

KN m.

Design Eccentricity about YY is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 2.13 KN m.

C91 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 3) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load Revised Design Moment about ZZ axis Revised Design Moment about YY axis = = = = 106.483 106.483 21.356 2.13 KN. KN. KN m. KN m.

The Column is subjected to Axial Load & Bi-axial Bending. Main Reinforcement is provided along all the FOUR Sides. Characteristic Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Stress of Main Steel Min. Percentage of Reinforcement Required Max. Percentage of Reinforcement Allowed Percentage of Reinforcement Required As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.1, = = = = = 20 415 0.8 6 0.101 N/sq.mm. N/sq.mm. % % %

the required percentage of Reinforcement is less than the Minimum value to be provided. Therefore, Minimum Reinforcement will be provided. Depth of Neutral Axis about ZZ-axis Depth of Neutral Axis about YY-axis Ultimate Axial Load, Puz Ratio of Pu/Puz Value of Coefficient, Alpha-n Ultimate Moment Capacity about ZZ-axis Ultimate Moment Capacity about YY-axis Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Mux/Mux1 Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Muy/Muy1 Sum of above Ratios, applied with Alpha-n Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 75.6 80.1 963.096 0.111 1 27.556 13.722 0.775 0.155 0.93 230 450 103500 0.8 828 16 4.118 4 804.248 20 2.636 4 1256.637 mm. mm. sq.mm. % sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm. KN m. KN m. mm. mm. KN.

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C91 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 3) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = = =

Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods

20

mm.

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated. C91 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 4) Column Section Width of Column Depth of Column = = = Rectangular 230 450 mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom = = = = = = = = = = = 0.908 0.614 2.7 2.4 2.453 1.474 104.792 -17.977 -0.537 -21.016 -0.816 m. m. m. m. KN. KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C91 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 4) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, = = = 2.453 1.474 6.41 m. m.

5.451

= = = = =

0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY)

= =

21.016

KN m.

Design Eccentricity about YY is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 2.096 KN m.

C91 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 4) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load Revised Design Moment about ZZ axis Revised Design Moment about YY axis = = = = 104.792 104.792 21.016 2.096 KN. KN. KN m. KN m.

The Column is subjected to Axial Load & Bi-axial Bending. Main Reinforcement is provided along all the FOUR Sides. Characteristic Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Stress of Main Steel Min. Percentage of Reinforcement Required Max. Percentage of Reinforcement Allowed Percentage of Reinforcement Required = = = = = 20 415 0.8 6 0.101 N/sq.mm. N/sq.mm. % % %

As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.1, the required percentage of Reinforcement is less than the Minimum value to be provided. Therefore, Minimum Reinforcement will be provided. Depth of Neutral Axis about ZZ-axis Depth of Neutral Axis about YY-axis Ultimate Axial Load, Puz Ratio of Pu/Puz Value of Coefficient, Alpha-n Ultimate Moment Capacity about ZZ-axis Ultimate Moment Capacity about YY-axis Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Mux/Mux1 = = = = = = = = 74.7 79.2 963.096 0.109 1 27.281 13.601 0.77 KN m. KN m. mm. mm. KN.

Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Muy/Muy1 Sum of above Ratios, applied with Alpha-n Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

0.154 0.924 230 450 103500 0.8 828 16 4.118 4 804.248 20 2.636 4 1256.637 mm. mm. sq.mm. % sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm.

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C91 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 4) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = = = =

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated. C91 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 5) Column Section = Rectangular

= =

230 450

mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom = = = = = = = = = = = 0.908 0.614 2.7 2.4 2.453 1.474 208.957 -48.521 -1.782 -44.618 -1.035 m. m. m. m. KN. KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C91 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 5) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, 0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY) = = = 2.453 1.474 6.41 m. m.

5.451

= = = = =

= =

48.521

KN m.

Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 4.179 KN m.

C91 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 5) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load Revised Design Moment about ZZ axis Revised Design Moment about YY axis = = = = 208.957 208.957 48.521 4.179 KN. KN. KN m. KN m.

The Column is subjected to Axial Load & Bi-axial Bending. Main Reinforcement is provided along all the FOUR Sides. Characteristic Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Stress of Main Steel Min. Percentage of Reinforcement Required Max. Percentage of Reinforcement Allowed Percentage of Reinforcement Required = = = = = 20 415 0.8 6 0.401 N/sq.mm. N/sq.mm. % % %

As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.1, the required percentage of Reinforcement is less than the Minimum value to be provided. Therefore, Minimum Reinforcement will be provided. Depth of Neutral Axis about ZZ-axis Depth of Neutral Axis about YY-axis Ultimate Axial Load, Puz Ratio of Pu/Puz Value of Coefficient, Alpha-n Ultimate Moment Capacity about ZZ-axis Ultimate Moment Capacity about YY-axis Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Mux/Mux1 Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Muy/Muy1 Sum of above Ratios, applied with Alpha-n Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 148.05 155.7 1056.944 0.198 1 57.578 26.943 0.843 0.155 0.998 230 450 103500 0.8 828 16 4.118 4 mm. mm. sq.mm. % sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. KN m. KN m. mm. mm. KN.

Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area

= = = = =

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C91 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 5) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = = = =

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated. C91 : Global Input Data (LC No. : 6) Column Section Width of Column Depth of Column = = = Rectangular 230 450 mm. mm.

The Effective Lengths about ZZ and YY axes were calculated based on actual framing conditions from the 3D Model. Effective Length Coeff. about ZZ axis Effective Length Coeff. about YY axis Unsupported Length-ZZ of Column Unsupported Length-YY of Column Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Working Axial Load on Column = = = = = = = 0.908 0.614 2.7 2.4 2.453 1.474 366.144 m. m. m. m. KN.

Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Top Working Moment about YY-axis at Top Working Moment about ZZ-axis at Bottom Working Moment about YY-axis at Bottom

= = = =

KN m. KN m. KN m. KN m.

C91 : Slenderness & Eccentricity Output (LC No. : 6) Effective Length-ZZ of Column Effective Length-YY of Column Slenderness Ratio about ZZ-axis The Column is Short about the ZZ-axis. Slenderness Ratio about YY-axis The Column is Short about the YY-axis. As Per IS:456-2000, 25.4, Minimum Eccentricity Lo/500 + b/30 Lo/500 + D/30 Actual Minimum Eccentricity about ZZ Actual Minimum Eccentricity about YY As Per IS:456-2000, 39.3, 0.05 times D (Limiting Value about ZZ) 0.05 times b (Limiting Value about YY) = = = 2.453 1.474 6.41 m. m.

5.451

= = = = =

= =

76.143

KN m.

Design Eccentricity about YY is more than the Limiting Value. Hence, the Column has Axial Load & Bending about YY. Revised Design Bending Moment about YY = 7.323 KN m.

C91 : Flexural Design Output (LC No. : 6) Axial Load on Column Factored Axial Load Revised Design Moment about ZZ axis Revised Design Moment about YY axis = = = = 366.144 366.144 76.143 7.323 KN. KN. KN m. KN m.

The Column is subjected to Axial Load & Bi-axial Bending. Main Reinforcement is provided along all the FOUR Sides.

Characteristic Comp. Strength of Concrete Yield Stress of Main Steel Min. Percentage of Reinforcement Required Max. Percentage of Reinforcement Allowed Depth of Neutral Axis about ZZ-axis Depth of Neutral Axis about YY-axis Ultimate Axial Load, Puz Ratio of Pu/Puz Value of Coefficient, Alpha-n Ultimate Moment Capacity about ZZ-axis Ultimate Moment Capacity about YY-axis Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Mux/Mux1 Ratio of Actual to Ultimate Moment, Muy/Muy1 Sum of above Ratios, applied with Alpha-n Width of Column Depth of Column Gross Sectional Area Percentage of Reinforcement to be Provided Area of Longitudinal Reinforcement Required Main Rod Size-1 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area Main Rod Size-2 No. of Rods Required No. of Rods Provided Corresponding Steel Area

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

20 415 0.8 6 223.65 243.9 1191.461 0.307 1.179 86.552 39.841 0.88 0.184 0.996 230 450 103500 0.831 860.085 16 4.278 5 1005.31 20 2.738 4 1256.637

KN m. KN m.

mm. mm. sq.mm. % sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm. mm. Nos. Nos. sq.mm.

Note:- Please note that the minimum number of Rods to be provided will be always FOUR for Rectangular Columns and SIX for Circular Columns, as per IS:456-2000 Clause 26.5.3.1.(c) C91 : Tie Pitch Output (LC No. : 6) Tie Rod Size-1 Tie Rod Size-2 Main Rod Size-1 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code = = = 8 10 16 mm. mm. mm.

= = =

Minimum of the above values for 16# Rods Main Rod Size-2 As Per IS:456-2000, 26.5.3.2, Least Lateral Dimension 16 times dia. of Main Rod Maximum allowable value as per Code Minimum of the above values for 20# Rods

= =

225 20

mm. mm.

= = = =

Spacing of Rods are also controlled by User-defined Increment Value, User-defined Minimum and Maximum Spacing Options, if activated.

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