Anda di halaman 1dari 38

UNIVERSITAS TADULAKO

FAKULTAS TEKNIK
Kampus Bumi Tadulako Tondo (0451) 422611, fax (0451) 422844
Tugas Struktur Kayu
Diberikan kepada :
Nama
No. Stambuk

: Abdul Azis
: F 111 08 082

E
a4

a5
v5

d4
a3
v4

b4

v3

b5

v6

a6
d6

d3
a2

d5

b3

b6

h2
v7

d7

d2
a1

F
v1

v2

a7

b2

b7

a8
v8

d8

d1
b1

b8

v9

h1

B
L/2

L/2
L

Diketahui data-data sebagai berikut :


` Bentang kuda-kuda, L = 12.0 m
` Tinggi, h2
` Kemiringan atap,
= 35
` Kayu kelas kuat
` Lebar overstek
= 1.1 m
` Jarak kuda-kuda
` Tinggi kolom, H
= 4.2 m
` Jenis atap
` Tinggi, h1
= 1.2 m
` Mutu kayu
Data- data lain diambil berdasarkan ketentuan/ persyaratan PKKI'61 dan standard relevan

=
=
=
=
=

4.91 m
II
3.0 m
genteng
A

Ditanyakan :
Rencanakan kuda-kuda rangka atap tersebut ; (perhitungan dimensi kayu, perhitungan sambungan pada titik-titik : puncak,
tengah, bawah dan gambar rencana)

A. Data Perencanaan
1 Kayu kelas kuat II mutu A dan jenis atap genteng berdasarkan Peraturan Konstruksi Kayu Indonesia (PKKI 1961) diperoleh
data-data sebagai berikut :
2
` Tegangan lentur ijin
= 100 kg/cm
` Tegangan tekan ijin sejajar serat
` Tegangan tarik ijin sejajar serat
` Tegangan tekan ijin tegak lurus serat
` Tegangan geser ijin sejajar serat
`
`
`
`
`

2
= 85 kg/cm
2
= 85 kg/cm
2
= 25 kg/cm
2
= 12 kg/cm
2

Tegangan elastisitas sejajar serat


= 100000 kg/cm
Faktor mutu kayu (mutu A)
= 1
Faktor pembebanan (beban tetap)
= 1
Faktor konstruksi (konstruksi terlindung) = 1
Faktor reduksi untuk konstruksi yang memikul beban tetap dan tidak tetap atau beban angin

= 1.25

Sehingga diperoleh tegangan-tegangan yang diijinkan untuk konstruksi rangka kuda-kuda dengan kayu kelas II mutu A,
antara lain sebagai berikut :
` Tegangan lentur yang diijinkan (lt)
2
= 100 1 1 1 1.25 = 125 kg/cm
` Tegangan tekan sejajar serat yang diijinkan (tk//)
2
= 85 1 1 1 1.25 = 106.25 kg/cm
` Tegangan tarik sejajar serat yang diijinkan (tr//)
2
= 85 1 1 1 1.25 = 106.25 kg/cm
` Tegangan tekan tegak lurus yang diijinkan (tk)
2
= 25 1 1 1 1.25 = 31.25 kg/cm
` Tegangan geser sejajar serat yang diijinkan (//)
2
= 12 1 1 1 1.25 = 15 kg/cm
` Tegangan elastisitas sejajar serat yang diijinkan (E)
2
= 100000 1 1 1 1.25 = 125000 kg/cm
2 Pembebanan
` Beban mati
2
` Berat atap
= 50 kg/cm (PMI 1970)
` Berat jenis kayu = 0.9 kg/cm' (PMI 1970)
` Beban hidup
` Beban tak terduga (P) = 100 kg (PMI 1970)
2
` Beban angin (W)
= 40 kg/cm (PMI 1970)

` Pasal 3.2 : Muatan hidup atap bangunan


` Ayat 2 : Atap dan atau bagian-bagian atap dari bangunan dan plat wifel yang dapat dicapai dan dimuati oleh hidup
2
sebesar minimal orang-orang harus diperhitungkan terhadap suatu muatan : 100 kg/m terhadap bidang
datar.
` Ayat 3 : Dalam perhitungan reng, kasau, gording dan kuda-kuda untuk semua atap harus diperhitungkan satu
muatan terpusat sebesar minimal : 100 kg/m'
` Pasal 4.2 : Tekanan tiup
2
` Ayat 2 : Tekanan tiup dilaut dan tepi laut sampai sejauh 5 km dari pantai harus diambil minimum 40.0 kg/cm

` Pasal 4.3 : Koefisien angin


` Ayat 1b :Atap segitiga dengan kemiringan
` dipihak angin
< 65
= + 0.02 - 0.4
65 < < 90
= + 0.90
` dibelakang angin
untuk semua = - 0.40
B. Perhitungan Kuda-kuda

E
a4

a5
v5

d5

d4
a3

b4

v4

b5

b3

v3

a6
d6

d3
a2

v6

b6

v2

v7

d7

d2
a1

h2
a7

b2

b7

a8
v8

b1

v1

b8

L/8

L/8

L/8

L/8

L/8

L/8

L/8

L
1 Menghitung panjang batang
a. Panjang batang atas
dengan asumsi = a1 = a2 = a3 = a4 = a5 = a6 = a7 = a8
E
a4
v5
d4
a3
v4
d3
a2

v3

d2
a1

v2

d1
v1

L/2
EF
L/2
6.00
EF =
=
= 7.32 m
cos
0.82
maka nilai a diperoleh :
EF = 4 a
EF
7.32
a =
=
= 1.83 m
4
4.00
cos =

A
L/2

b. Panjang batang bawah


dengan asumsi = b1 = b2 = b3 = b4 = b5 = b6 = b7 = b8
v5
d4
v4
d3
v3
d2
v2

b2

d1
v1

d8

d1

b1

L/2

b3

b4

L/2
AC
L/2
6.00
AC =
=
= 7.32 m
cos
0.82
maka nilai a diperoleh :
EF = 4 b
EF
7.32
b =
=
= 1.83 m
4
4.00
cos =

L/8

h1
B

v9

c. Panjang batang vertikal


dengan asumsi = v1 = v2 = v3 = v4 = v5 = v6 = v7 = v8 = v9
maka v = h1 = 1.20 m
d. Panjang batang diagonal
dengan asumsi = d1 = d2 = d3 = d4 = d5 = d6 = d7 = d8
a2

a1

x'
v2

d1

= 3.353

b2

` mencari panjang x''


x'' = v2 - x'

- 2.25 = 1.050 m

= 1.20 -

x''

b1

v1

` mencari panjang x'


2
x' = a12 - (L/8)

` mencari panjang diagonal


2

L/8

L/8

d = (L/8) + (x'')
= 2.250 - 0.02 = 1.493 m

e. Tinggi h2
cos =
h2

h2

L/2
= cos L/2
= 0.82 6.00
= 4.91 m

Tabel hasil perhitungan panjang batang


Nama batang

Panjang batang

a1 = a2 = a3 = a4 = a5 = a6 = a7 = a8

1.831

b1 = b2 = b3 = b4 = b5 = b6 = b7 = b8

1.831

v1 = v 2 = v 3 = v 4 = v 5 = v 6 = v 7 = v 8 = v 9

1.200

d1 = d2 = d3 = d4 = d5 = d6 = d7 = d8

1.493

2 Menghitung beban yang bekerja pada kuda-kuda


ditaksir : ukuran dimensi gording
= 12 12
ukuran dimensi kaso
= 5 7
ukuran dimensi reng
= 3 4
a. Peban sendiri kuda-kuda
` berat atap
= berat genteng x jarak kap
= 50.0 3.00 = 150.00 kg/m'
` qx1 = q sin = 150.00 0.57 = 86.036 kg/m'
Qx
` qy1 = q cos = 150.00 0.82 = 122.87 kg/m'

Qy

` Mx1 = 1/8 qy1 L2 = 0.125


2

` My1 = 1/8 qx1 L

= 0.125

122.87 9.00 = 138.23 kgm


86.04 9.00 = 96.79 kgm

b. Beban tak terduga


` Px1
` Py1

Px

Py

= q sin = 100 0.57 = 57.358 kg/m'

= q cos = 100 0.82 = 81.915 kg/m'


Mx
` 2 = 1/4 Py1 L = 0.250 81.92 3.00 = 61.44 kgm
` My2 = 1/4 Px1 L = 0.250 57.36 3.00 = 43.02 kgm

1.050 = 0.150 m

c. Beban angin
` c1 = + 0.02 - 0.4 = + 0.02 35 - 0.4 = + 0.30
` c2 = - 0.40
` q1 = c1 w jarak kap = 0.30 40 3.0 = 36.00 kg/m'
` q2 = c2 w jarak kap = -0.4 40 3.0 = -48.00 kg/m'

karena arah angin tegak lurus terhadap bidang atap, maka perhitungan angin isap tidak diperhitungkan karena hanya
mengurangi pembebanan
` Mx3 = 1/8 qx1 L2
= 0.125

` My3 = 0

36.00 9.00 = 40.50 kgm

d. Kombinasi pembebanan
` beban sendiri kuda-kuda + beban tak terduga
Mxa = Mx1 + Mx2

Mya = My1 + My2

= 138.23 + 61.44
= 199.67 kgm
` beban sendiri kuda-kuda + beban angin
Mxb = Mx1 + Mx3

= 96.79 + 43.02
= 139.81 kgm
Myb = My1 + My3

= 138.23 + 40.50
= 178.73 kgm

= 96.79 + 0.00
= 96.79 kgm

e. Momen inersia (I) dan momen tahanan (W)


` momen inersia

` momen tahanan

Ix = 1/12 b h
= 0.083 12.0
4
= 1728.0 cm

Wx
1728

Iy = 1/12 b h
= 0.083 1728.0
4
= 1728.0 cm

Wy
12

2
= 1/6 b h
= 0.167 12.0
3
= 288.0 cm

144

= 1/6 b h
= 0.167 144.0
3
= 288.0 cm

f. Kontrol tegangan yang terjadi


syarat tegangan : ijin ytj
` tegangan akibat beban sendiri dan beban tak terduga
Mxa
Mya
lt ytj =
+
Wx
Wy
199.67 100
139.81 100
=
+
288.0
288.0
2
kg/cm
= 117.874

betul
` tegangan akibat beban sendiri dan beban angin
Mxb
Myb
lt ytj =
+
Wx
Wy
178.73 100
96.79 100
=
+
288.0
288.0
2
= 95.668 kg/cm
betul

12

g. Kontrol lendutan
` lendutan akibat beban sendiri dan beban tak terduga
syarat lendutan : xijin xytj
1
5 qx1 l
Px l
L
+
48 E Iy
200
384 E Iy
1
5 0.8604 8.1E+09
57.358 27000000
300
+
200
384 125000 1728.0
48 125000 1728.0
1.5 0.5695 cm
betul
syarat lendutan: yijin yytj
1
5 qy1 l
Py l
L
+
48 E IX
200
384 E Ix
1
5 1.2287 8.1E+09
81.915 27000000
300
+
200
384 125000 1728.0
48 125000 1728.0
1.5 0.8133 cm
betul
kontrol lendutan: ijin ytj
2

ytj = x + y = 0.9928
` lendutan akibat beban sendiri dan beban angin
syarat lendutan : xijin xytj
1
5 qx1 l
5 qx2 l
L
+
200
384 E Iy
384 E Iy
1
5 0.8604 8.1E+09
5 0.360 8.1E+09
300
+
200
384 125000 1728.0
384 125000 1728.0
1.5 0.5959 cm
betul
syarat lendutan: yijin yytj
1
5 qy1 l
L
+ 0
200
384 E Iy
1
5 1.2287 8.1E+09
300
200
384 125000 1728.0
1.5 0.6 cm
betul
kontrol lendutan: ijin ytj
2
2
ytj = x + y = 0.8456

C. Perhitungan Gaya-gaya Pada Kuda-kuda


1 Menghitung berat yang dipikul kuda-kuda
a. Berat sendiri kuda-kuda
rumus tafsiran : P = (L+2)F s/d (L+5)F
dimana :
F = jarak kuda-kuda x L
= 3.00 12.0
= 36.0
maka :
P = (L+2) F
P = (L+5) F
sampai
= 14.0 36.0
= 17.0 36.0
dengan
= 504.0 kg
= 612.0 kg
558.0 kg

rata-rata

sehigga berat sendiri yang bekerja pada buhul :


P
558.0
P1 =
=
= 69.750 kg
(n-1)
9 - 1
b. Berat genteng
P2 =

Watap x jarak kap x 2sisi miring

(n-1)
= 50.0 3.00 2 8.425
9 - 1
= 315.92 kg

c. Berat gording
P3 = dimensi gording x jarak kap x berat jenis
= 0.12 0.12 3.00 900
= 38.880 kg
2
d. Berat plafond + lampu = 18 kg/cm , berdasarkan Peraturan Pembebanan Indonesia
Wplafond x jarak gording x panjang bentang
P4 =
(n-1)
= 18.0 1.83 12.0
9 - 1
= 49.441 kg

e. Jumlah pembebanan yang diterima tiap-tiap titik buhul


` titik buhul tepi (Pa)
Pa = P1 + P2 + P3 + 1/2P4
= 69.750 + 315.92 + 38.880 + 24.721 = 449.27 kg
` titik buhil tengah (Pb)
Pb = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4
= 69.750 + 315.92 + 38.880 + 49.441 = 474.00 kg
` titik buhul puncak (Pc)
Pc = P1 + P2 + 2P3 + 2P4
= 69.750 + 315.92 + 77.760 + 98.883 = 562.32 kg

2 Menghitung reaksi perletakan


a. Reaksi perletakan akibat beban sendiri kuda-kuda
Pc

Pb

Pb

Pb

Pb

Pb

Pb

Pa

Pa

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

12m
MB = 0
= RAV 12.0 Pb

3.0 -

Pa 12.0 Pb

Pb 10.5 -

Pb

9.0 -

Pb

7.5 -

Pc

6.0 -

Pb

4.5 -

1.5 = 0

= RAV 12.0 - 449.27 12.0 - 474.00 10.5 - 474.00 9.0 - 474.00 7.5 - 562.32 6.0 474.00 4.5 - 474.00 3.0 - 474.00 1.5 = 0
= RAV 12.0 - 5391.2996 - 4976.9544 - 4265.9609 - 3554.9674 - 3373.9021 - 2132.9804 1421.987 - 710.99348 = 0
= RAV 12.0 - 25829.045 = 0
= RAV = 2152.4204 kg
MA = 0
= -RBV 12.0 + Pa 12.0 + Pb 10.5 + Pb
Pb

3.0 + Pb

9.0 + Pb

7.5 + Pc

6.0 + Pb

4.5 +

1.5 = 0

= -RBV 12.0 + 449.27 12.0 + 474.00 10.5 + 474.00 9.0 + 474.00 7.5 + 562.32 6.0 +
474.00 4.5 + 474.00 3.0 + 474.00 1.5 = 0
= -RBV 12.0 + 5391.2996 + 4976.9544 + 4265.9609 + 3554.9674 + 3373.9021 + 2132.9804 +
1421.987 + 710.99348 = 0
= -RBV 12.0 + 25829.045 = 0
= RBV = 2152.4204 kg
V = 0
= RAV + RBV - 2Pa - 6Pb - Pc = 0
= 2152.4204 + 2152.4204 - 2 449.27 - 6 474.00 - 562.32 = 0
= 0.000 = 0.000
betul

b. Reaksi perletakan akibat beban tak terduga


P

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

12m
MB = 0
= RAV 12.0 - P 12.0 - P 10.5 - P 9.0 - P 7.5 - P 6.0 - P 4.5 - P 3.0 - P 1.5 = 0
= RAV 12.0 - 100.00 12.0 - 100.00 10.5 - 100.00 9.0 - 100.00 7.5 - 100.00 6.0 100.00 4.5 - 100.00 3.0 - 100.00 1.5 = 0
= RAV 12.0 - 1200 - 1050 - 900 - 750
= RAV 12.0 -

5400

600

450

300

150

= 0

= 0

= RAV = 450.0 kg
MA = 0
= -RBV 12.0 + P 12.0 + P 10.5 + P 9.0 + P 7.5 + P 6.0 + P 4.5 + P 3.0 + P 1.5 = 0
= -RBV 12.0 + 100.00 12.0 + 100.00 10.5 + 100.00 9.0 + 100.00 7.5 + 100.00 6.0 +
100.00 4.5 + 100.00 3.0 + 100.00 1.5 = 0
= -RBV 12.0 +
= -RBV 12.0 +

1200
5400

1050

900

750

600

450

300

= 0

= RBV = 450.0 kg
V = 0
= RAV + RBV - 9P

= 0

= 450.0 + 450.0 - 9 100.00 = 0


= 0.000 = 0.000
betul

c. Reaksi perletakan akibat beban angin


berdasarkan peraturan muatan indonesia (PMI 1970) bab IV pasal 4.3 halaman 20 untuk bangunan tertutup,
ditetapkan hal-hal berikut :
` untuk bidang luar :
` bidang vertikal
koefisien angin (+) = tekan
di pihak angin
= 0.9
koefisien angin (-) = isap
di belakang angin
= -0.4

150

= 0

diketahui data-data sebagai berikut :


` jarak kap
= 3.00 m
` jarak titik buhul = 1.8312 m
2
` tekanan angin = 40.0 kg/m
35.0

` sudut atap
=
angin 1 (tekan)
C1
= 0.02 - 0.4

angin 2 (isap)
C1
= 0.4

= 0.02 35.0 - 0.4


= 0.30
= C1 x W x jarak kap x jarak titik buhul

Wia

WiaV

0.30 40.0 3.00 1.8312


65.9218 ..tekan
= Wia cos

WiaH

= 65.9218 0.8192
= 54.00 ..tekan
= Wia sin

Wth

= 65.9218 0.5736
= 37.811 ..tekan
= Cth x W x jarak kap x jarak titik buhul

Wib

=
=

= 0.90 40.0
= 197.7655
RWia
= 4 Wia
RWiaV = 4 WiaV

= C2 x W x jarak kap x jarak titik buhul


=
=

WibV

0.4 40.0 3.00 1.8312


87.8958 ..isap
= Wia cos
=
=

3.00 1.8312
..tekan
= 263.6873

WibH

87.8958 0.8192
72.0000 ..isap
= Wia sin

Wih

= 87.8958 0.5736
= 50.4149 ..isap
= Cth x W x jarak kap x jarak titik buhul

= -0.4 40.0
= -87.8958
Rwib
= 4 Wia
RWibV = 4 WiaV

= 216.0000

3.00 1.8312
.isap!!!
= 351.5831
= 288.0000

RWiaH

= 4 WiaH = 151.2448

RWibH

= 4 WiaH = 201.6598

1/2Wth

= 0.5Wth =

1/2Wih

= 0.5WIh = -43.9479

98.8827

` Reaksi perletakan akibat beban angin kiri


RWia

RWibv

RWiah

RWiav

1/2Wth

RWibh

1/2Wih

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

12m
x
2b
= tan 2b
= tan 35.0 3.00
= 2.1006

tan =
x

RWib

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

MB = 0
= RAV 12.0 -

RWiav

9.0 + RWibv

3.0 + Rwiah 3.3006 + Rwibh 3.3006 +

1/2Wth 1.20 - 1/2Wih 1.20 = 0


= RAV 12.0 - 1944.000 +
= RAV 12.0

150.73

= RAV =

1.200

= -RBV 12.0 +

499.202

665.603

118.659

52.737

= 0

52.737

= 0

= 0

-12.561 kg

MA = 0
= -RBV 12.0 + RWiav
1/2Wth

864.000

3.0 -

- 1/2Wih
648.000

RWibv

9.0 + Rwiah 3.3006 + Rwibh 3.3006 +

1.200 = 0

- 2592.000 +

499.202

665.603

118.659

= -RBV 12.0 -713.273 = 0


= RBV =

-59.439 kg

V = 0
RAV + RBV = -RWiav + RWibv
-12.5606 + -59.4394 = -216.00 + 288.000
-72.0000 = 72.0000
betul
H = 0
RAH + 4Wiah + 4Wibh + 1/2Wth - 1/2Wih
RAH + 151.24 + 201.6598 +

= 0
98.8827

43.9479

= 0

RAH = -407.839 kg

` Reaksi perletakan akibat beban angin kanan


RWiah

RWibv

RWib

RWibh

RWia

RWiav

1/2Wih

1/2Wth

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

1,5m

12m
MB = 0
= RAV 12.0 1/2Wth

RWiav

3.0 + RWibv

1.200 + 1/2Wih

9.0 - Rwiah 3.3006 - Rwibh 3.3006 -

1.200 = 0

= RAV 12.0 -

648.000

+ 2592.000 -

= RAV 12.0 +

713.273

= 0

= RAV =

-59.439 kg

499.202

665.603

118.659

52.737

= 0

MA = 0
= -RBV 12.0 + RWiav

9.0 -

RWibv

3.0 - Rwiah 3.3006 - Rwibh 3.3006 -

1/2Wth 1.20 + 1/2Wih 1.20 = 0


= -RBV 12.0 + 1944.000 = -RBV 12.0 +
= RBV =

-150.73

864.000

499.202

665.603

118.659

= 0

-12.561 kg

V = 0
RAV + RBV = -RWiav + RWibv
-59.4394 + -12.5606 = -216.00 + 288.000
-72.0000 = 72.0000
betul

52.737

= 0

Frame
Text
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
4
4
4
5
5
5
6
6
6
7
7
7
8
8
8
9
9
9
10
10
10
11
11
11
12
12
12
13
13
13
14
14
14
15
15
15

Station
m
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000

TABLE: Element Forces - Beban Sendiri


P
V2
Kgf
Kgf
46.5463
-96.0251
46.5463
-96.0251
46.5463
-96.0251
2384.9165
-58.8937
2384.9165
-58.8937
2384.9165
-58.8937
4111.7475
-22.8976
4111.7475
-22.8976
4111.7475
-22.8976
5083.2086
-135.4709
5083.2086
-135.4709
5083.2086
-135.4709
5083.2086
135.4709
5083.2086
135.4709
5083.2086
135.4709
4111.7475
22.8976
4111.7475
22.8976
4111.7475
22.8976
2384.9165
58.8937
2384.9165
58.8937
2384.9165
58.8937
46.5463
96.0251
46.5463
96.0251
46.5463
96.0251
-2100.4558
-93.1990
-2100.4558
-93.1990
-2100.4558
-93.1990
-1588.2851
-117.0063
-1588.2851
-117.0063
-1588.2851
-117.0063
-1166.9912
-72.0424
-1166.9912
-72.0424
-1166.9912
-72.0424
-537.9681
-35.6139
-537.9681
-35.6139
-537.9681
-35.6139
5139.9693
0.0000
5139.9693
0.0000
5139.9693
0.0000
-537.9681
35.6139
-537.9681
35.6139
-537.9681
35.6139
-1166.9912
72.0424
-1166.9912
72.0424
-1166.9912
72.0424

M3
Kgf-m
-63.7087
24.2015
112.1116
44.7046
98.6213
152.5380
119.0659
140.0285
160.9911
114.8515
238.8740
362.8965
362.8965
238.8740
114.8515
160.9911
140.0285
119.0659
152.5380
98.6213
44.7046
112.1116
24.2015
-63.7087
-63.7087
-7.7893
48.1301
-119.9730
-49.7692
20.4345
-124.9122
-81.6868
-38.4613
-144.1547
-122.7864
-101.4181
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
144.1547
122.7864
101.4181
124.9122
81.6868
38.4613

16
16
16
17
17
17
18
18
18
19
19
19
20
20
20
21
21
21
22
22
22
23
23
23
24
24
24
25
25
25
26
26
26
27
27
27
28
28
28
29
29
29
30
30
30
31
31
31

0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075

-1588.2851
-1588.2851
-1588.2851
-2100.4558
-2100.4558
-2100.4558
-2354.9376
-2354.9376
-2354.9376
-4088.3796
-4088.3796
-4088.3796
-5178.5839
-5178.5839
-5178.5839
-5194.8759
-5194.8759
-5194.8759
-5194.8759
-5194.8759
-5194.8759
-5178.5839
-5178.5839
-5178.5839
-4088.3796
-4088.3796
-4088.3796
-2354.9376
-2354.9376
-2354.9376
1790.1292
1790.1292
1790.1292
1330.0794
1330.0794
1330.0794
827.9745
827.9745
827.9745
126.1159
126.1159
126.1159
126.1159
126.1159
126.1159
827.9745
827.9745
827.9745

117.0063
117.0063
117.0063
93.1990
93.1990
93.1990
-102.3142
-102.3142
-102.3142
-69.3467
-69.3467
-69.3467
-62.8829
-62.8829
-62.8829
156.1476
156.1476
156.1476
-156.1476
-156.1476
-156.1476
62.8829
62.8829
62.8829
69.3467
69.3467
69.3467
102.3142
102.3142
102.3142
-38.9675
-38.9675
-38.9675
-14.9558
-14.9558
-14.9558
9.3375
9.3375
9.3375
-222.6178
-222.6178
-222.6178
-222.6178
-222.6178
-222.6178
9.3375
9.3375
9.3375

119.9730
49.7692
-20.4345
63.7087
7.7893
-48.1301
-41.9533
51.7145
145.3823
56.0532
119.5395
183.0258
109.3959
166.9646
224.5334
301.3534
158.4016
15.4498
15.4498
158.4016
301.3534
224.5334
166.9646
109.3959
183.0258
119.5395
56.0532
145.3823
51.7145
-41.9533
-6.1768
23.1945
52.5659
68.8945
80.1674
91.4402
112.0913
105.0532
98.0151
24.5981
192.3942
360.1903
24.5981
192.3942
360.1903
112.0913
105.0532
98.0151

32
32
32
33
33
33

0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075

1330.0794
1330.0794
1330.0794
1790.1292
1790.1292
1790.1292

-14.9558
-14.9558
-14.9558
-38.9675
-38.9675
-38.9675

68.8945
80.1674
91.4402
-6.1768
23.1945
52.5659

Frame
Text
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
4
4
4
5
5
5
6
6
6
7
7
7
8
8
8
9
9
9
10
10
10
11
11
11
12
12
12
13
13
13
14
14
14
15
15
15

TABLE: Element Forces - Beban Tak Terduga


Station
P
V2
m
Kgf
Kgf
0.0000
9.4369
-19.8270
0.9155
9.4369
-19.8270
1.8310
9.4369
-19.8270
0.0000
489.9452
-11.9768
0.9155
489.9452
-11.9768
1.8310
489.9452
-11.9768
0.0000
841.1387
-4.5154
0.9155
841.1387
-4.5154
1.8310
841.1387
-4.5154
0.0000
1033.6695
-26.9497
0.9155
1033.6695
-26.9497
1.8310
1033.6695
-26.9497
0.0000
1033.6695
26.9497
0.9155
1033.6695
26.9497
1.8310
1033.6695
26.9497
0.0000
841.1387
4.5154
0.9155
841.1387
4.5154
1.8310
841.1387
4.5154
0.0000
489.9452
11.9768
0.9155
489.9452
11.9768
1.8310
489.9452
11.9768
0.0000
9.4369
19.8270
0.9155
9.4369
19.8270
1.8310
9.4369
19.8270
0.0000
-439.1688
-19.1010
0.6000
-439.1688
-19.1010
1.2000
-439.1688
-19.1010
0.0000
-326.4821
-23.9623
0.6000
-326.4821
-23.9623
1.2000
-326.4821
-23.9623
0.0000
-237.4074
-14.5047
0.6000
-237.4074
-14.5047
1.2000
-237.4074
-14.5047
0.0000
-106.4087
-6.7422
0.6000
-106.4087
-6.7422
1.2000
-106.4087
-6.7422
0.0000
1048.7200
0.0000
0.6000
1048.7200
0.0000
1.2000
1048.7200
0.0000
0.0000
-106.4087
6.7422
0.6000
-106.4087
6.7422
1.2000
-106.4087
6.7422
0.0000
-237.4074
14.5047
0.6000
-237.4074
14.5047
1.2000
-237.4074
14.5047

M3
Kgf-m
-13.1244
5.0271
23.1786
9.3085
20.2732
31.2379
24.5131
28.6469
32.7806
23.7147
48.3869
73.0591
73.0591
48.3869
23.7147
32.7806
28.6469
24.5131
31.2379
20.2732
9.3085
23.1786
5.0271
-13.1244
-13.1244
-1.6637
9.7969
-24.6359
-10.2585
4.1189
-25.4371
-16.7343
-8.0315
-29.0345
-24.9892
-20.9439
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
29.0345
24.9892
20.9439
25.4371
16.7343
8.0315

16
16
16
17
17
17
18
18
18
19
19
19
20
20
20
21
21
21
22
22
22
23
23
23
24
24
24
25
25
25
26
26
26
27
27
27
28
28
28
29
29
29
30
30
30
31
31
31

0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075

-326.4821
-326.4821
-326.4821
-439.1688
-439.1688
-439.1688
-483.8011
-483.8011
-483.8011
-836.4774
-836.4774
-836.4774
-1053.1440
-1053.1440
-1053.1440
-1047.3808
-1047.3808
-1047.3808
-1047.3808
-1047.3808
-1047.3808
-1053.1440
-1053.1440
-1053.1440
-836.4774
-836.4774
-836.4774
-483.8011
-483.8011
-483.8011
367.7990
367.7990
367.7990
270.5657
270.5657
270.5657
164.4680
164.4680
164.4680
18.7095
18.7095
18.7095
18.7095
18.7095
18.7095
164.4680
164.4680
164.4680

23.9623
23.9623
23.9623
19.1010
19.1010
19.1010
-21.0313
-21.0313
-21.0313
-14.1188
-14.1188
-14.1188
-12.6281
-12.6281
-12.6281
32.0708
32.0708
32.0708
-32.0708
-32.0708
-32.0708
12.6281
12.6281
12.6281
14.1188
14.1188
14.1188
21.0313
21.0313
21.0313
-7.9396
-7.9396
-7.9396
-2.9910
-2.9910
-2.9910
1.9966
1.9966
1.9966
-44.6926
-44.6926
-44.6926
-44.6926
-44.6926
-44.6926
1.9966
1.9966
1.9966

24.6359
10.2585
-4.1189
13.1244
1.6637
-9.7969
-8.5940
10.6600
29.9139
11.5917
24.5174
37.4430
22.4961
34.0570
45.6179
61.3699
32.0094
2.6488
2.6488
32.0094
61.3699
45.6179
34.0570
22.4961
37.4430
24.5174
11.5917
29.9139
10.6600
-8.5940
-1.2029
4.7815
10.7659
14.2033
16.4578
18.7122
22.9784
21.4734
19.9685
5.1918
38.8785
72.5651
5.1918
38.8785
72.5651
22.9784
21.4734
19.9685

32
32
32
33
33
33

0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075

270.5657
270.5657
270.5657
367.7990
367.7990
367.7990

-2.9910
-2.9910
-2.9910
-7.9396
-7.9396
-7.9396

14.2033
16.4578
18.7122
-1.2029
4.7815
10.7659

Frame
Text
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
4
4
4
5
5
5
6
6
6
7
7
7
8
8
8
9
9
9
10
10
10
11
11
11
12
12
12
13
13
13
14
14
14
15
15
15

Station
m
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000

TABLE: Element Forces - Angin Kiri


P
V2
Kgf
Kgf
475.3251
-10.6807
475.3251
-10.6807
475.3251
-10.6807
692.0283
-2.9981
692.0283
-2.9981
692.0283
-2.9981
807.6279
1.7364
807.6279
1.7364
807.6279
1.7364
801.4499
-8.7212
801.4499
-8.7212
801.4499
-8.7212
298.2465
27.4042
298.2465
27.4042
298.2465
27.4042
56.4779
5.7968
56.4779
5.7968
56.4779
5.7968
-45.6025
1.9955
-45.6025
1.9955
-45.6025
1.9955
-1.0642
-2.3328
-1.0642
-2.3328
-1.0642
-2.3328
-251.2891
12.3120
-251.2891
12.3120
-251.2891
12.3120
-145.2769
1.3728
-145.2769
1.3728
-145.2769
1.3728
-73.8225
7.7534
-73.8225
7.7534
-73.8225
7.7534
19.1787
11.7897
19.1787
11.7897
19.1787
11.7897
535.2131
17.7757
535.2131
17.7757
535.2131
17.7757
-141.2683
13.9929
-141.2683
13.9929
-141.2683
13.9929
-65.4864
8.2939
-65.4864
8.2939
-65.4864
8.2939

M3
Kgf-m
1.0326
10.8107
20.5888
16.4956
19.2403
21.9851
23.2670
21.6773
20.0876
20.9224
28.9066
36.8908
43.0177
17.9294
-7.1589
6.0758
0.7690
-4.5379
-0.2757
-2.1025
-3.9293
-2.8086
-0.6730
1.4627
1.0326
-6.3546
-13.7418
-10.1121
-10.9357
-11.7594
-8.6404
-13.2924
-17.9445
-8.6573
-15.7311
-22.8049
11.5648
0.8994
-9.7661
14.9730
6.5773
-1.8185
4.6052
-0.3712
-5.3476

16
16
16
17
17
17
18
18
18
19
19
19
20
20
20
21
21
21
22
22
22
23
23
23
24
24
24
25
25
25
26
26
26
27
27
27
28
28
28
29
29
29
30
30
30
31
31
31

0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075

33.2901
33.2901
33.2901
58.1572
58.1572
58.1572
-349.5478
-349.5478
-349.5478
-511.3600
-511.3600
-511.3600
-561.8304
-561.8304
-561.8304
-457.4141
-457.4141
-457.4141
-499.9349
-499.9349
-499.9349
-207.6471
-207.6471
-207.6471
-14.0176
-14.0176
-14.0176
26.5975
26.5975
26.5975
175.0952
175.0952
175.0952
99.6096
99.6096
99.6096
11.9590
11.9590
11.9590
-96.9136
-96.9136
-96.9136
290.2746
290.2746
290.2746
197.5101
197.5101
197.5101

2.4243
2.4243
2.4243
-2.2096
-2.2096
-2.2096
-11.1380
-11.1380
-11.1380
-4.8296
-4.8296
-4.8296
-2.3251
-2.3251
-2.3251
21.3183
21.3183
21.3183
-6.5010
-6.5010
-6.5010
10.7157
10.7157
10.7157
3.2423
3.2423
3.2423
-3.2973
-3.2973
-3.2973
2.7242
2.7242
2.7242
6.2910
6.2910
6.2910
8.2998
8.2998
8.2998
-15.7912
-15.7912
-15.7912
-31.0273
-31.0273
-31.0273
-0.6750
-0.6750
-0.6750

-0.0079
-1.4625
-2.9171
-1.4627
-0.1369
1.1889
3.6163
13.8131
24.0099
16.3634
20.7849
25.2063
21.1469
23.2755
25.4041
37.5240
18.0072
-1.5095
8.2566
14.2082
20.1598
15.1330
5.3229
-4.4873
1.5810
-1.3873
-4.3555
-4.5604
-1.5417
1.4770
10.1255
8.0722
6.0189
19.4059
14.6641
9.9223
22.0038
15.7480
9.4921
10.6850
22.5875
34.4900
-6.8452
16.5413
39.9279
0.7207
1.2295
1.7382

32
32
32
33
33
33

0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075

78.1300
78.1300
78.1300
-36.6668
-36.6668
-36.6668

-2.2984
-2.2984
-2.2984
0.5575
0.5575
0.5575

-3.1219
-1.3895
0.3429
-0.2881
-0.7084
-1.1286

Frame
Text
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
4
4
4
5
5
5
6
6
6
7
7
7
8
8
8
9
9
9
10
10
10
11
11
11
12
12
12
13
13
13
14
14
14
15
15
15

TABLE: Element Forces - Angin Kanan


Station
P
V2
m
Kgf
Kgf
0.0000
-482.7509
16.0002
0.9155
-482.7509
16.0002
1.8310
-482.7509
16.0002
0.0000
-918.5148
9.6090
0.9155
-918.5148
9.6090
1.8310
-918.5148
9.6090
0.0000
-1219.0080
1.6681
0.9155
-1219.0080
1.6681
1.8310
-1219.0080
1.6681
0.0000
-1350.2894
25.9343
0.9155
-1350.2894
25.9343
1.8310
-1350.2894
25.9343
0.0000
-847.0860
-44.6173
0.9155
-847.0860
-44.6173
1.8310
-847.0860
-44.6173
0.0000
-467.8580
-9.2013
0.9155
-467.8580
-9.2013
1.8310
-467.8580
-9.2013
0.0000
-180.8840
-8.6063
0.9155
-180.8840
-8.6063
1.8310
-180.8840
-8.6063
0.0000
-6.3616
-2.9867
0.9155
-6.3616
-2.9867
1.8310
-6.3616
-2.9867
0.0000
323.1896
-3.1780
0.6000
323.1896
-3.1780
1.2000
323.1896
-3.1780
0.0000
288.4943
3.7616
0.6000
288.4943
3.7616
1.2000
288.4943
3.7616
0.0000
195.6759
-4.0935
0.6000
195.6759
-4.0935
1.2000
195.6759
-4.0935
0.0000
57.0023
-9.7021
0.6000
57.0023
-9.7021
1.2000
57.0023
-9.7021
0.0000
-1076.4083
-17.7757
0.6000
-1076.4083
-17.7757
1.2000
-1076.4083
-17.7757
0.0000
217.4493
-16.0804
0.6000
217.4493
-16.0804
1.2000
217.4493
-16.0804
0.0000
187.3398
-11.9538
0.6000
187.3398
-11.9538
1.2000
187.3398
-11.9538

M3
Kgf-m
3.7788
-10.8692
-25.5173
-17.1099
-25.9068
-34.7037
-32.0347
-33.5619
-35.0890
-29.5248
-53.2674
-77.0101
-83.1370
-42.2902
-1.4435
-21.0773
-12.6536
-4.2298
-12.4430
-4.5640
3.3150
-2.1199
0.6144
3.3487
3.7788
5.6857
7.5925
15.8889
13.6320
11.3750
17.4922
19.9483
22.4044
21.8091
27.6304
33.4517
-11.5648
-0.8994
9.7661
-28.1248
-18.4766
-8.8283
-13.4569
-6.2847
0.8876

16
16
16
17
17
17
18
18
18
19
19
19
20
20
20
21
21
21
22
22
22
23
23
23
24
24
24
25
25
25
26
26
26
27
27
27
28
28
28
29
29
29
30
30
30
31
31
31

0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.6000
1.2000
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.9155
1.8310
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075

109.9272
109.9272
109.9272
13.7433
13.7433
13.7433
413.9777
413.9777
413.9777
774.1462
774.1462
774.1462
989.5587
989.5587
989.5587
966.5693
966.5693
966.5693
1009.0902
1009.0902
1009.0902
635.3754
635.3754
635.3754
276.8037
276.8037
276.8037
37.8325
37.8325
37.8325
-351.1499
-351.1499
-351.1499
-246.1705
-246.1705
-246.1705
-130.6758
-130.6758
-130.6758
29.2432
29.2432
29.2432
-357.9450
-357.9450
-357.9450
-316.2268
-316.2268
-316.2268

-7.5588
-7.5588
-7.5588
-6.9244
-6.9244
-6.9244
20.0490
20.0490
20.0490
11.6292
11.6292
11.6292
9.8568
9.8568
9.8568
-36.4346
-36.4346
-36.4346
21.6173
21.6173
21.6173
-18.2474
-18.2474
-18.2474
-10.0419
-10.0419
-10.0419
-5.6136
-5.6136
-5.6136
-1.5844
-1.5844
-1.5844
-7.6840
-7.6840
-7.6840
-11.4626
-11.4626
-11.4626
39.2136
39.2136
39.2136
54.4498
54.4498
54.4498
-2.4878
-2.4878
-2.4878

-5.7690
-1.2337
3.3015
-3.3487
0.8059
4.9605
2.2776
-16.0771
-34.4318
-19.4001
-30.0465
-40.6929
-29.5728
-38.5966
-47.6204
-67.9250
-34.5694
-1.2138
-10.9799
-30.7704
-50.5609
-37.3493
-20.6439
-3.9386
-17.0676
-7.8743
1.3189
-5.8615
-0.7223
4.4169
-9.8700
-8.6758
-7.4816
-26.4067
-20.6149
-14.8232
-33.5245
-24.8847
-16.2449
-13.1470
-42.7039
-72.2608
4.3833
-36.6577
-77.6987
-12.2414
-10.3662
-8.4910

32
32
32
33
33
33

0.0000
0.7537
1.5075
0.0000
0.7537
1.5075

-224.6909
-224.6909
-224.6909
-139.3879
-139.3879
-139.3879

0.9054
0.9054
0.9054
0.5822
0.5822
0.5822

-3.8789
-4.5614
-5.2438
0.5436
0.1048
-0.3341

Batang
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

b1
b2
b3
b4
b5
b6
b7
b8
v1
v2
v3
v4
v5
v6
v7
v8
v9
a1
a2
a3
a4
a5
a6
a7
a8
d1
d2

A
Beban Sendiri
Tarik (+)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2100.456
1588.285
1166.991
537.968
0
537.968
1166.991
1588.285
2100.456
2354.938
4088.380
5178.584
5194.876
5194.876
5178.584
4088.380
2354.938
0
0

Tekan (-)
46.546
2384.916
4111.748
5083.209
5083.209
4111.748
2384.916
46.546
0
0
0
0
5139.969
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1790.129
1330.079

B
Beban Tak Terduga
Tarik (+)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
439.169
326.482
237.407
106.409
0.000
106.409
237.407
326.482
439.169
483.801
836.477
1053.144
1047.381
1047.381
1053.144
836.477
483.801
0
0

Tekan (-)
9.437
489.945
841.139
1033.669
1033.669
841.139
489.945
9.437
0
0
0
0
1048.720
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
367.799
270.566

C
Angin Kiri
Tarik (+)
0
0
0
0
0
0
45.603
1.064
251.289
145.277
73.823
0
0
141.268
65.486
0
0
349.548
511.360
561.830
457.414
499.935
207.647
14.018
0.000
0
0

Tekan (-)
475.325
692.028
807.628
801.450
298.246
56.478
0
0
0
0
0
19.179
535.213
0
0
33.290
58.157
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
26.597
175.095
99.610

D
Angin Kanan
Tarik (+)
482.751
918.515
1219.008
1350.289
847.086
467.858
180.884
6.362
0
0
0
0
1076.408
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
351.150
246.170

Tekan (-)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
323.190
288.494
195.676
57.002
0
217.449
187.340
109.927
13.743
413.978
774.146
989.559
966.569
1009.090
635.375
276.804
37.832
0
0

Kombinasi Pembebanan
A+C

A+B
Tarik (+)
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
2539.625
1914.767
1404.399
644.377
0.000
644.377
1404.399
1914.767
2539.625
2838.739
4924.857
6231.728
6242.257
6242.257
6231.728
4924.857
2838.739
0.000
0.000

Tekan (-)
55.983
2874.862
4952.886
6116.878
6116.878
4952.886
2874.862
55.983
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
6188.689
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
2157.928
1600.645

Tarik (+)
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
45.603
1.064
2351.745
1733.562
1240.814
537.968
0.000
679.236
1232.478
1588.285
2100.456
2704.485
4599.740
5740.414
5652.290
5694.811
5386.231
4102.397
2354.938
0.000
0.000

Tekan (-)
521.871
3076.945
4919.375
5884.658
5381.455
4168.225
2384.916
46.546
0.000
0.000
0.000
19.179
5675.182
0.000
0.000
33.290
58.157
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
26.597
1965.224
1429.689

A+D
Tarik (+)
482.751
918.515
1219.008
1350.289
847.086
467.858
180.884
6.362
2100.456
1588.285
1166.991
537.968
1076.408
537.968
1166.991
1588.285
2100.456
2354.938
4088.380
5178.584
5194.876
5194.876
5178.584
4088.380
2354.938
351.150
246.170

Tekan (-)
46.546
2384.916
4111.748
5083.209
5083.209
4111.748
2384.916
46.546
323.190
288.494
195.676
57.002
5139.969
217.449
187.340
109.927
13.743
413.978
774.146
989.559
966.569
1009.090
635.375
276.804
37.832
1790.129
1330.079

28
29
30
31
32
33

d3
d4
d5
d6
d7
d8

0
0
0
0
0
0

827.975
126.116
126.116
827.975
1330.079
1790.129

0
0
0
0
0
0

164.468
18.709
18.709
164.468
270.566
367.799

0
96.914
0
0
0
36.667

11.959
0
290.275
197.510
78.130
0

130.676
0
357.945
316.227
224.691
139.388

0
29.243
0
0
0
0

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

992.443
144.825
144.825
992.443
1600.645
2157.928

0.000
96.914
0.000
0.000
0.000
36.667

839.934
126.116
416.391
1025.485
1408.209
1790.129

130.676
0.000
357.945
316.227
224.691
139.388

827.975
155.359
126.116
827.975
1330.079
1790.129

Nilai Ekstrim
Tarik (+)
482.751
918.515
1219.008
1350.289
847.086
467.858
180.884
6.362
2539.625
1914.767
1404.399
644.377
1076.408
679.236
1404.399
1914.767
2539.625
2838.739
4924.857
6231.728
6242.257
6242.257
6231.728
4924.857
2838.739
351.150
246.170

Tekan (-)
521.871
3076.945
4952.886
6116.878
6116.878
4952.886
2874.862
55.983
323.190
288.494
195.676
57.002
6188.689
217.449
187.340
109.927
58.157
413.978
774.146
989.559
966.569
1009.090
635.375
276.804
37.832
2157.928
1600.645

Beban Design
Tarik (+)

Tekan (-)

1350.289

6116.878

2539.625

6188.689

6242.257

1009.090

357.945

2157.928

130.676
96.914
357.945
316.227
224.691
139.388

992.443
155.359
416.391
1025.485
1600.645
2157.928

357.945

2157.928

C. Perhitungan Dimensi Batang


1 Batang bawah (tekan)
Diketahui : ` Panjang batang, Lk
` Pmax

= 1.831 m = 183.12 cm
= 6116.88 kg

` Tegangan tekan ijin = 106.25 kg/cm


` Elastisitas kayu
= 125000 kg/cm
` Taksiran ukuran kayu = 10 14
` Luas penampang bruto
Fbr = b . h
= 10 14
= 140 cm
` Angka keamanan
n = 4.0

` Momen lembam minimum


n.Pk.Lk
4.0 6116.88 33531.54
Imin =
=
= 665.018 cm4
.E
9.8696 125000
` Momen lembam terhadap sumbu x
1
1
Ix =
10 2744 = 2286.67 cm4
b h3 =
12
12
` Momen lembam terhadap sumbu y
1
1
Iy =
14 1000 = 1166.67 cm4
h b3 =
12
12
` Jari-jari lembam minimum
Imin
665.018
imin =
=
= 2.179 cm
Fbr
140
` Angka kelangsingan
Lk
183.12
=
= 84.0183
imin
2.17948
karena < 100 maka digunakan persamaan Tetmayer
300
w =
300 - 2
300
=
300 - 168.037
= 2.273
` Tegangan yang terjadi

ytj =

Pmax . w
Fbr

6116.88
140

2.273

= 99.3275

betul

2 Batang vertikal (tekan)


Diketahui : ` Panjang batang, Lk
` Pmax

1.200 m = 120.00 cm

= 6188.69 kg

` Tegangan tekan ijin = 106.25 kg/cm


` Elastisitas kayu
= 125000 kg/cm
` Taksiran ukuran kayu = 10 14
` Luas penampang bruto
Fbr

= b.h
= 10 14
= 140 cm
` Angka keamanan
n = 4.0

` Momen lembam minimum


n.Pk.Lk
4.0 6188.69 14400.00
Imin =
=
= 288.942 cm4
.E
9.8696 125000
` Momen lembam terhadap sumbu x
1
1
Ix =
10 2744 = 2286.67 cm4
b h3 =
12
12
` Momen lembam terhadap sumbu y
1
1
Iy =
14 1000 = 1166.67 cm4
h b3 =
12
12
` Jari-jari lembam minimum
Imin
288.942
imin =
=
= 1.437 cm
Fbr
140
` Angka kelangsingan
Lk
120.00
=
=
= 83.5294
imin
1.43662
karena < 100 maka digunakan persamaan Tetmayer
300
w =
300 - 2
300
=
300 - 167.059
= 2.257
` Tegangan yang terjadi
Pmax . w
6188.69 2.257
ytj =
=
= 99.7545

betul
Fbr
140

2 Batang atas (tarik)


Diketahui : ` Panjang batang, Lk
` Pmax

1.83

m = 183.12 cm

= 6242.26 kg

` Tegangan tekan ijin = 106.25 kg/cm


` Perlemahan
= 25 %
` Taksiran ukuran kayu = 10 12
` Luas penampang bruto
Fbr
h

= b.h
= 10 12
= 120 cm

` Luas penampang netto


Fn = Fbr (100% - % perlemahan)

= 120 100 % = 120 cm

` Tegangan yang terjadi


ytj =

Pmax
Fn

6242.26
120

= 52.0188

betul

4 Batang diagonal (tekan)


Diketahui : ` Panjang batang, Lk
` Pmax

= 1.49251 m = 149.25 cm
= 2157.93 kg

` Tegangan tekan ijin = 106.25 kg/cm


` Elastisitas kayu
= 125000 kg/cm
` Taksiran ukuran kayu = 10 12
` Luas penampang bruto
Fbr = b . h
= 10 12
= 120 cm
` Angka keamanan
n = 4.0

` Momen lembam minimum


n.Pk.Lk
4.0 2157.93 22275.93
Imin =
=
= 194.82 cm4
.E
9.8696 100000
` Momen lembam terhadap sumbu x
1
1
3
Ix =
10 1728 = 1440 cm4
bh =
12
12
` Momen lembam terhadap sumbu y
1
1
Iy =
12 1000 = 1000 cm4
h b3 =
12
12

` Jari-jari lembam minimum


Imin
194.82
imin =
=
=
Fbr
120

1.274 cm

` Angka kelangsingan
Lk
149.25
=
=
= 117.136
imin
1.27417
karena > 100 maka digunakan persamaan Euler
3
250 +
250 + 117.14
2
v =
=
= 3.6714
w =
v
35000
100
100
3
=
3.6714 13720.94
35000
= 4.318
` Tegangan yang terjadi
ytj =

Pmax . w
Fbr

2157.93
120

4.318

= 77.6462

betul

D. Perhitungan Sambungan
1 Sambungan gigi
a3

a4

Diketahui : ` Kayu kelas kuat II mutu A


` Pa3 = 6242.257 kg
` Pa4
` Pv4

v4

= 6231.728 kg
=

` = 57.0
` Dimensi a3 = a4

= 10
Dimensi
v
`
12
4 = 10

12

217.449 kg

Sambungan a3-v4 = a4-v4


` Direncanakan sambungan gigi bertampang satu, dengan data tegangan terfaktor sebagai berikut :
2
` Tegangan tekan sejajar serat yang diijinkan (tk//) = 106.25 kg/cm
` Tegangan tekan tegak lurus yang diijinkan (tk)
` Tegangan geser sejajar serat yang diijinkan (//)
` Ketentuan tm
untuk < 50.0 = 1/4 h = 3.0 cm
untuk > 60.0 = 1/6 h = 2.0 cm
untuk = 57.0 harus di interpolasi = 2.3 cm
` tk// = tk// - (tk// - tk) sin
= 106.25 - 75.00 0.8387
2
= 43.35 kg/cm
`

= 31.25 kg/cm
2
= 15.00 kg/cm

tk1/2 = tk// - (tk// - tk) sin1/2


= 106.25 - 75.00 0.4772
2
= 70.463 kg/cm

` tm =
=
=
` lm =
=
=

S cos2 1/2
b tk 1/2
6231.728 0.7723
12
70.4631
5.692 cm bodoK
S cos
b //
6231.728 0.5446
12
43.3497
6.5245 cm
syarat ketentuan PKKI menggunakan Lmin =15 cm

2 Sambungan paku
a2

Diketahui : ` Kayu kelas kuat II mutu A


` Pa1 = 2838.739 kg

a1

` Pa2 = 4924.857 kg
d2
v2

` Dimensi a1 = a2 = 10
` Dimensi v2 = 10 12
` Dimensi d2 = 10 14

` Pv2 = 1914.767 kg
` Pd2 = 1600.645 kg

Sambungan a1-v2
` Direncanakan sambungan paku 41/2" BWG 6 (52/114), dengan data-data sebagai berikut :
lp = 11.4 cm
d = 0.52 cm
2
kd = 150 kg/cm

12

` Direncanakan sambungan bertampang satu :


b 7d
10 7 0.52
10 3.64
maka nilai S adalah :
2
S = 3.5 d kd

betul

= 3.5 0.2704 150


= 141.96 kg
` Jumlah paku yang digunakan
2838.739
=
= 19.997
S
141.96
maka digunakan baut sebanyak = 10.0 buah
Sambungan v2-d2
n

Pmaks

` Direncanakan sambungan paku 41/2" BWG 6 (52/114), dengan data-data sebagai berikut :
lp = 11.4 cm
d = 0.52 cm
2
kd = 150 kg/cm
` Direncanakan sambungan bertampang satu :
b 7d
10 7 0.52
10 3.64
maka nilai S adalah :
2
S = 3.5 d kd

betul

= 3.5 0.2704 150


= 141.96 kg
` Jumlah paku yang digunakan
n

Pmaks

1914.767

= 13.488
S
141.96
maka digunakan baut sebanyak = 6.0 buah
Sambungan d2-a2
` Direncanakan sambungan paku 41/2" BWG 6 (52/114), dengan data-data sebagai berikut :
lp = 11.4 cm
d = 0.52 cm
2
kd = 150 kg/cm
` Direncanakan sambungan bertampang satu :
b 7d
10 7 0.52
10 3.64
maka nilai S adalah :
2
S = 3.5 d kd
= 3.5 0.2704 150
= 141.96 kg
` Jumlah paku yang digunakan
Pmaks
4924.857
n =
=
= 34.692
S
141.96
maka digunakan baut sebanyak = 11.0 buah

betul

3 Sambungan baut
Diketahui : ` Kayu kelas kuat II mutu A
d3

v4

` Pb3 = 4952.886 kg

d4

` Pb4 = 4952.886 kg
b3

b4

` Pd3 =

130.676 kg

` Pd4 =

96.914

` Pv4 =

217.449 kg

` Dimensi b3 = b4 = 10
` Dimensi v4 = 10 12
` Dimensi d3 = d4 = 10

kg

Sambungan b4-d4 = b3-d3


` Direncanakan sambungan baut golongan II (untuk kayu kelas kuat II), bertampang satu berdasarkan PKKI'61
sehingga diperoleh :
b = 5.4
` Menghitung diameter baut yang digunakan :
b
10
d =
=
= 1.8519 cm
b
5.4
digunakan baut 3/4" dengan diameter = 1.905 cm
` Mencari sudut antara b3 - d3
cos =

b3
d3

1.833
4.202

= 0.4363

= 64.133
` Kekuatan sambungan baut
S = 40 d b (1 - 0.6 sin)
= 40 1.905 10 0.4601
= 350.61 kg
2
S = 215 d (1 - 0.35 sin)
= 215 3.629 0.6851
= 534.52 kg
digunakan Smin dalam perencanaan =350.61 kg
` Jumlah baut yang digunakan
n

Pmaks
Smin

4952.886
350.60683

= 14.127

maka digunakan baut sebanyak = 4.0 buah


Sambungan d3-v4 = d4-v4
` Direncanakan sambungan baut golongan II (untuk kayu kelas kuat II), bertampang satu berdasarkan PKKI'61
sehingga diperoleh :
b = 5.4
` Menghitung diameter baut yang digunakan :
b
10
d =
=
= 1.8519 cm
b
5.4
digunakan baut 3/4" dengan diameter = 1.905 cm
` Mencari sudut antara b3 - d3
= 25.867
` Kekuatan sambungan baut
S = 40 d b (1 - 0.6 sin)
= 40 1.905 10 0.7382
= 562.53 kg

14
14

2
S = 215 d (1 - 0.35 sin)
= 215 3.629 0.8473
= 661.1 kg
digunakan Smin dalam perencanaan =562.53 kg

` Jumlah baut yang digunakan


Pmaks
217.449
n =
=
= 0.3866
Smin
562.53196
maka digunakan baut sebanyak = 2.0 buah