Anda di halaman 1dari 6

CHAPTER 1

PROGRESSIONS PAPER 1

FORM 5

1.

Three consecutive terms of an arithmetic progression are 2 p 2, 9, 3 p . Find the common difference of the progression. [3 marks] The first three terms of an arithmetic progression are 1, Find (a) the common difference of the progression (b) the sum of the first 10 terms after the 3rd term. Given an arithmetic progression 2, 1, progression which sum up to 84 .
4....... , x, 7, ......

2.

[4 marks] 3. state three consecutive terms in this [3 marks] 4. The sum of the first n terms of the geometric progression 5, 15, 45,.. is 5465. Find (a) the common ratio of the progression, (b) the value of n. [4 marks] 5. The first three terms of a geometric progression are 48, 12, 3. Find the sum to infinity of the geometric progression. [3 marks] 6. In a geometric progression, the first term is 27 and the fourth term is 1 . Calculate (a) the common ratio (b) the sum to infinity of the geometric progression. [4 marks] 7. Express the recurring decimal 0.121212 as a fraction in its simplest form. [4 marks]

72

CHAPTER 1

PROGRESSIONS PAPER 2

FORM 5

1.

Ali and Borhan start to collect stamps at the same time. (a) Ali collects p stamps in the first month and his collection increase constantly by q stamps every subsequent month. He collects 220 stamps in the 7 th month and the total collection for the first 12 month are 2520 stamps. Find the value of p and q. [5 marks] (b) Borhan collects 60 stamps in the first month and his collection increase constantly by 25 stamps every subsequent month. If both of them collect the same number of stamps in the nth month, find the value of n. [2 marks]

2.

Diagram 2 shows the arrangement of the first three of an infinite series of similar rectangles. The first rectangle has a base of x cm and a height of y cm. The measurements of the base and height of each subsequent rectangle are half of the measurements of its previous one.

y cm

x cm Diagram 2 (a) Show that the areas of the rectangles form a geometric progression and state the common ratio. [3 marks] (b) Given that x = 20 cm and y = 80 cm, (i) determine which rectangle has an area of 1
9 cm2 16

(ii) find the sum to infinity of the areas, in cm2, of the rectangles. [5 marks]

73

CHAPTER 1 3.

PROGRESSIONS

FORM 5

Diagram 3 shows part of an arrangement of circle of equal size.

10 cm Diagram 3 The number of circles in the lowest row is 80. For each of the other rows, the number of circles is 3 less than in the row below. The diameter of each circle is 10 cm . The number of circles in the highest row is 5. Calculate (a) the height, in cm, of the arrangement of circles [3 marks] (b) the total length of the circumference of circles, in terms of

cm.

[3marks]

74

CHAPTER 1

PROGRESSIONS ANSWER (PAPER 1)

FORM 5

9 (2 p 2) = 3 p 9
p =4 common difference = 9 6 =3

1 1 1

2 (a)

x ( 1) = 7 x

x =3
common difference =4

1 1 1 1
+ a + (n 3)d = 84

(b) the sum of the first 10 terms after the 3rd term:
S13 S 3 = 13 [ 2(1) +12(4)] 9 2

= 290

a + (n 1)d + a + (n 2) d

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

n = 12

Three consecutive terms: 4 (a) (b)


15 =3 5 5(3 n 1) 5465 = 3 1 r=

T12 = 31,

T11 = 28,

T10 = 25

37 = 3n n=7

r=

12 1 = 48 4

S =

48 1 1 4 = 64

6 (a)

27( r ) 4 1 = 1

r =

1 3

(b)

S =

27 1 1 3
1 4

= 20

75

CHAPTER 1 7.

PROGRESSIONS

FORM 5

0.121212 = 0.12 + 0.0012 + 0.000012 + ..


a = 0.12

1 1

r=

0.0012 = 0.01 0.12 0.12 1 0.01 4 33

S = =

1 1

ANSWER (PAPER 2) 1 (a)


p + (7 1)q = 220

.eq(1)

1 1

12 [ 2 p + (12 1)q] = 2520 ..eq(2) 2

eq (1) x 2 From eq (2)

: 2 p +12q = 440 . eq(3) : 2 p +11q = 420 . eq(4)


q = 20

either

(3) (4) :

1 1

p =100

(b)

Ali :

Tn = 100 + (n 1)20

Borhan : Tn = 60 + (n 1)25 = 35 + 25n


80 + 20n = 35 + 25n n =9

= 80 + 20n

1 1

2 (a)

Area :

xy,

xy , 4

xy , 16

..............

xy 1 r1 = 4 = xy 4

both

xy 1 r2 = 16 = xy 4 4

r1 = r2 , the areas of the rectangles form a geometric progression with 1 the common ratio = 4

76

CHAPTER 1 (b)(i)
a = 20(80) = 1600

PROGRESSIONS

FORM 5 1

r=

1 4
n 1

1 1600 4 1 4

=1

9 16
5

n 1

n =6

1 = 4

1 1

(ii)

S =

1600 1 1 4
1 3

= 2133

3 (a)

80, 77, 74, , 5 Tn = 5 , a = 80, d = 3


80 + ( n 1)( 3) = 5

1 1 1 1

n = 26

Height of the arrangement = 26 10 = 260 cm (b)


S 26 = 26 [ 2(80) + (26 1)(3)] 2

= 1105

The total length of circumference of circles = 1105 2(5)


= 11050 cm

77