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2 1 1 1 2) 3) 4) 4 2 8 16 If the radioactive decay constant of radium is 1.07 x 104 per year, then its half-life period is approximately equal to 1) 8900 years 2) 7000 years 3) 6476 years 4) 2520 years A radioactive nucleus can decay by two different processes. The mean value period for the first process is t1 and that for the second process is t2. The effective mean value period for the two processes is

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t1 t2 2

2) t1 t2

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t1t2

t1t2 4) t t 1 2

Suppose the daughter nucleus in a nuclear decay is itself radioactive. If d and m denote the decay constants of daugher and mother nuclei and Nd and Nm the numbers of daughter and mother nuclei present at a time, then the number of daughter nuclei becomes constant when. 1) m N m d N d 2) m N d d N m 3) N m N d m d 4) N m N d m d The half-life of I131 is 8 days. Given a sample of I131 at time t = 0, we can assert that 1) no nucleus will decay before t = 4 days 2) no nucleus will decay before t = 8 days 3) all nuclei will decay before t = 16 days 4) a given nucles may decay at any time after t = 0 The intensity of gamma radiation from a given source is I0. On passing through 37.5 mm of lead it is grduced to I0/8.The thickness of lead which will reduce it to (I0/2) is 1) (37.4)1/3 mm 2) (37.5)1/4mm 3) (37.5/3) mm 4) (37.5/4)mm A radioactive material has mean lives of 16 years and 520 years for and -emission respectively. The material decays by simultaneous and -emission. The time in which (1/4)th of the material is intact is 1) 4675 years 2) 720 years 3) 648 years 4) 324 years Half-life of a radioactive substance is 20 minutes. Difference between points of time when it is 33% disintegrated and 67% disintegrated is approximately. 1) 10 min 2) 20 min 3) 30 min 4) 40 min 66 Starting with a sample of pure Cu , (7/8) of it decays into Zn in 15 minutes. The corresponding half-life is
1 2) 7 min 3) 10 min 4) 14 min 2 In a sample of radioactive material, what fraction of the initial number of active nuclei will remain undisintegrated after half of a half-life of the sample?

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1 1 2 2) 3) 1 2 4) 2 2 4 2 Two radioactive substances A and B have decay constants 5 and respectively. At t = 0 they have the same number of nuclei. The ratio of number of nuclei of A to those of B will be (1/e)2 after a time interval

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1) 4

2) 2

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1 2

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1 4

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