Anda di halaman 1dari 13

Application Engineering Application Engineering

B
AE4-1111 R24 Mounting Parts for Copeland Compressors
Several different mounting assemblies are used with Copelametic, Copelaweld and Copeland Scroll motor-compressors. The following information should be used as a guide in the application and installation of these mounting assemblies. Vendor sources for mounting components are provided in Table 5 for those system manufacturers who want to obtain the parts directly from the manufacturer. Copelametic Compressors When mounting the H and K model Copelametic motor compressors, the spring type mounting assembly shown in Figure 1 should be used. When units using this mounting assembly are shipped from the factory, the motor-compressors are rigidly secured to the base by the mounting components. Before these units are put into operation the top mounting nut must be loosened to allow the compressor to oat on the mounting springs. (Allow approximately 1/16" between the upper nut and the neoprene spacer). The mounting assemblies for H and K com pressors require a special locking device to prevent rotation of the mounting bolt and for this purpose an extra hole must be drilled in the base for each mounting assembly as shown in Figure 2. The mounting assemblies shown in Figure 3 should be used with all Copelametic motor-compressors larger than the K models. This assembly is somewhat similar to the assembly in Figure 1, but the neoprene spacers used with this assembly are not to be in place during transit. Before units using this assembly are put into operation, the top mounting nuts must be removed; one neoprene spacer placed on each mounting bolt, and the mounting nut replaced leaving 1/16" space between the upper mounting nut and neoprene spacer as shown in Figure 3. (Four neoprene spacers will be found attached to the compressor body). The above method of mounting prevents the transmission of noise while also preventing excessive movement during starting and/or stopping of the motor-compressor. When installing motor-compressors which use the mounting assembly shown in Figure 3, the shipping spacer is to be in place during shipment to insure maximum support for the compressor body during transit. Before the unit is put in operation, the shipping spacer should be removed and discarded. Resilient type mounts such as shown in Figure 4 are used on some two-stage compressors to reduce the magnitude and change the frequency of vibration due to pulsation. The same type mount is used on tandem compressors in order to compensate for minor alignment variations in the mounting rails.

U U L LL E L T E I B

N T

AE4-1311 R24

November 1996
Reformatted October 2010

Figure 1 Mount is shown in properly adjusted position. (See Table 1 for Usage)

Figure 2

2010 Emerson Climate Technologies Printed in the U.S.A.

Application Engineering B U L L E T I N
AE4-1311 R24

For transportation type refrigeration installations, in which the unit is subject to severe vibration, the exible mounts should be omitted and the compressor mounted rigidly to the unit base. This must be done to prevent line breakage. These solid mounts must be perfectly level to prevent distortion of the compressor body casting. (See Figure 5). The individual components and mounting parts kits for all Copelametic motor-compressors are shown in Table 1.

Figure 4

527-0120-00 Mounting Kit No. Figure 5

Figure 3

2010 Emerson Climate Technologies Printed in the U.S.A.

Application Engineering B U L L E T I N
AE4-1311 R24

Table 1 Copelametic Compressor Mounting Parts and Kits

2010 Emerson Climate Technologies Printed in the U.S.A.

Application Engineering B U L L E T I N
AE4-1311 R24

Table 1 Continued Copelametic Compressor Mounting Parts and Kits

2010 Emerson Climate Technologies Printed in the U.S.A.

Application Engineering B
Copelaweld Compressors All current production Copelaweld compressors are internally spring mounted (with the exception of ZR Compliant Scroll) to reduce vibration. Resilient type external mounts have been developed specically for each model Copelaweld compressor after extensive testing. The exact characteristics of each mount vary depending on the weight, conguration, and vibration characteristics of the compressor on which it is used. Typical mounting assemblies are shown in Figures 6, 7, 8. Mounting part numbers for each model are given in Table 2. Dimensions for the locations of the holes required for each compressor mounting option are shown in Figure 12. On smaller single cylinder compressors, a softer rubber mount can be used (a lower durometer rating) since the weight involved is not great, but provisions must be made for adequate dampening of lateral movement due to the inherent characteristics of a single cylinder compressor. Larger compressors normally take a somewhat stiffer mount (higher durometer rating) because of their weight, but have more natural balance due to multiple cylinder operation. In general, rubber in shear provides better dampening of vibration than rubber in compression, and the rubber grommet is designed to provide as much shear stress as possible. Figure 7

AE4-1311 R24

Occasionally, system manufacturers desire to use one mounting for standardization purposes, even though they may be using different compressors in production. It is possible that a given mount may not be compatible with different compressor characteristics, and may not adequately attenuate vibration and noise transmission. If a customer wishes to use a different mount than the standard Copeland mounting specied, the replacement mounting must be carefully tested by the customer to make certain that its use will not result in excessive vibration, noise, and movement. It is most important that the mount not be placed in lateral compression by the compressor mounting foot.

Figure 6 5

Figure 8

2010 Emerson Climate Technologies Printed in the U.S.A.

Application Engineering B U L L E T I N
AE4-1311 R24

Noise and vibration isolation may be affected by the rigidity of the unit frame, the compressor mounting foot conguration, or the refrigerant piping. In some cases, a change in grommet durometer may be helpful in obtaining more effective isolation, but generally this can only be determined by comparative testing during unit development. The metal sleeve inside the rubber grommet is intended as a guide to hold the grommet in place. It is not designed as a load bearing member, and excessive torquing of the mounting nut can collapse the sleeve. It is critically important that the rubber grommet not be compressed by the washer, and a clearance space of approximately 1/16" between the bottom of the washer and the top of the grommet is recommended (see Figure 9). Although this space is determined by the length of the sleeve, it is possible that the proper sleeve length may be determined by the type of mounting stud. Weld studs, for example, may have a projection around the base of the stud affecting the seating of the sleeve. It is essential that the sleeve be rmly supported on an even base, and a rounded projection around the base of the stud causing the sleeve to tilt at an angle can have detrimental effects on noise and vibration transmission. Some users have developed mounting studs with shoulders to support the washer, and with a grommet having a straight through hole the size of the mounting stud, the inner sleeve can be eliminated.

When installing these mounting assemblies the holes for the mounting bolts must be spaced correctly and located squarely. For this reason it is suggested a template with holes very nearly the size of the mounting bolts be used giving the correct location of the bolts when the mounting assemblies are installed. Washers used with resilient mounts for Copelaweld compressors must be properly sized to prevent the washer from slipping over the metal sleeve compressing the grommet. To avoid this problem, a lock-nut with integral washer is recommended for fastening the mounting assembly on weld studs. (See Figure 10). Even though the compressor is properly mounted in the unit to minimize noise and vibration, it is still possible that pulsation and noise can be transmitted from the unit to the building where it is installed. This is particularly a problem on split system condensing units mounted on the roofs of multi-story apartment houses where the roof construction may be less rigid than industrial construction. Single units in operation seldom create a problem, but a combination of several units in operation at once in fairly close physical proximity can create a resonant condition which may be annoying to the residents of the top oor apartments. Field experience has indicated the best cure for this is a soft resilient mounting between the bottom of the unit and the apartment roof to reduce interaction between the units. Springs or fairly soft vibration dampening material have been used successfully. Hard, rigid type material is usually not satisfactory.

Figure 10

Figure 9

2010 Emerson Climate Technologies Printed in the U.S.A.

Application Engineering B U L L E T I N
AE4-1311 R24
Copeland Scroll Compressor Mounting Compressors can be mounted either with rubber grommets or solid mounts. Consideration must however, be given to sound attenuation and tubing reliability. Unlike a hermetic reciprocating compressor, the scroll motor is pressed into the shell and not internally sprung. Some tubing geometry or shock loop may be required to reduce start-up vibration transferred from the compressor to external tubing. Rubber Mounts - Specially designed rubber grommets are available for Glacier Scroll applications. These grommets are formulated from a high durometer material specically designed for refrigeration applications. The high durometer limits the compressors motion thereby minimizing potential problems of excessive tubing stress. Sufcient isolation is provided to prevent vibration from being transmitted to the mounting structure. This mounting arrangement is recommended for multiple compressor rack installations. See Figure 11 for a detail of this mounting system. Note: The use of standard A/C grommets is not recommended for most Glacier installations unless extensive vibration analysis is performed by the OEM. These softer mounts allow for excessive movement that will result in tube breakage unless the entire system is properly designed.

Hard Mounts - Specially designed hard mounts are also available for use with Glacier Scroll compressors. These can be used in applications where excessive external vibration (such as transport applications) is expected. See Figure 12 for illustration. Tubing Considerations - The mounting technique used must be taken into consideration when designing the tubing connecting the Scroll to the remaining system. The tubing should provide enough exibility to allow normal starting and stopping of the compressor without exerting excessive stress on the tube joints. In addition, it is desirable to design tubing with a natural frequency away from the normal running frequency of the compressor. Failure to do this can result in tube resonance and unacceptable tubing life. Caution: These examples are intended only as guidelines to depict the need for exibility in tube designs. In order to properly determine if a design is appropriate for a given application, samples must be tested and evaluated for stress under various conditions of use including voltage and load uctuations, and shipping vibration. Since this magnitude of testing is not practical for many applications, the guidelines above may be helpful; however, the ultimate responsibility for the reliability of a given tube design is the OEM.

Glacier Mounting Grommet

KIT* 527-0157-00

Figure 11

2010 Emerson Climate Technologies Printed in the U.S.A.

Application Engineering B U L L E T I N
AE4-1311 R24
External Spring for Copelaweld Compressors On applications where noise and vibration suppression is critical, external spring mounts have proven to be very effective. (See Figure 11). To be effective, the compressor must oat on the spring assembly, and there must be a minimum of 1/16" clearance between the top of the neoprene spacer and the top mounting nut. To avoid damage in shipment, the compressor must be securely fastened in the unit during transit.

KIT* 527-0158-00

Figure 12

Figure 13

2010 Emerson Climate Technologies Printed in the U.S.A.

Table 2 COPELAWELD MOUNTING PARTS


J, R, (3 Foot) CRZ-CRK, CRLI, CRMI, CS*K3, CR*6 CRP, CRN, ZF(09-18) CRL3, CRM3, CS*6 ZR(18-72), ZS (21-45) B, QR ZR90-ZR16M ZF(22K-44K) ZS(55K-11M) Stiff Tandem, ZZ Hard Rack Mount Rack Mount for ZF(22K - 44K) ZF(09K-18K), ZS(21K-45K) ZS(55K-11M) ZR(16K4-24K4)

Compressor Model

J, R, (4 Foot)

2010 Emerson Climate Technologies Printed in the U.S.A.

Grommet

Black

30 - 35 Durometer 027-0073-00

30 - 35 Durometer 027-0144-00

60 - 70 Durometer 027-0167-01

35 - 45 Durometer 027-0186-00

45 - 55 Durometer 027-0137-00 027-0283-00

60 - 70 Durometer 027-0268-00

60 - 70 Durometer 027-0186-02

Steel Spacer 027-0280-00

027-0262-00

Brown

45-50 Durometer 027-0167-00

Rubber Pad 027-0115-00

Sleeve

N/A

Application Engineering

1.16IN 027-0072-00

1.05IN 028-0188-01

1.05IN 028-0188-01

1.16IN 028-0188-02

1.14IN 030-0142-02

1.12IN 030-0142-000

1.16IN 028-0188-02

1.16IN 028-0188-02

1.05IN 027-0072-01

1.16IN 028-0188-02

1.16IN 028-0188-02

1.13IN 027-0072-02

See Figure 11

See Figure 12

* Standard

Note: All sleeves designed for 5/16 mounting stud

AE4-1311 R24

Application Engineering B U L L E T I N
AE4-1311 R24

Table 3 Standard Mounting Assemblies


Compressor Model J, R (4 Foot) J, R (3 Foot) S, CRZ-CRK CRL3, CRM3, ZR16-ZR24 CR*6, CS*6, CS*3 CRL1, CRM1, CRP, CRN, ZF(09-18)K ZS(21-45)K, ZR(18-72)K B, QR ZR90K - ZR16M ZF (22K-44K) ZS (55 - 11M) ZZ Tandem Stiff Rack Mount ZF(09-18)K ZS(21-45)K Hard Rock Mount ZF(22K-44K) ZS (55K-11M) Assembly Number 527-0039-04 527-0039-05 527-0044-08 Grommet 027-0073-00 027-0073-00 027-0167-00 Sleeve 027-0072-02 027-0072-02 028-0188-02 Number Required 4 3 4

527-0116-00 527-0156-00 527-0159-00

027-0186-00 027-0137-00 027-0283-00 027-0137-00 027-0268-00

028-0188-02 030-0142-02 030-0142-00

527-0157-00

027-0186-02 Rubber Pad 027-0115-00 027-0280-00 Steel Spacer

028-0188-02

527-0158-00

N/A

Table 4 Spring Mounting Assemblies

2010 Emerson Climate Technologies Printed in the U.S.A.

10

Application Engineering B U L L E T I N
AE4-1311 R24

Table 5 Vendor Sources for Mounting Parts

2010 Emerson Climate Technologies Printed in the U.S.A.

11

Application Engineering B U L L E T I N
AE4-1311 R24

8 21/32

Mounting Options Figure 14

2010 Emerson Climate Technologies Printed in the U.S.A.

12

Application Engineering B U L L E T I N
AE4-1311 R24

J Mounting

Mounting Options Figure 14 (cont.)

2010 Emerson Climate Technologies Printed in the U.S.A.

13