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HAND

TYPES
1. FRAGMENTATION

ES
Practice HAND a high-exbody in a metallic Grenades contain a small grenade body when the fuze is assembled. The compound iI1 the
cup determines

amount of black powder and are designed to give an indicating the igniting puff of smoke when type fuze functions.

GRENADES
plosive which charge

containing

the final action of the fuze will be one of detonation or ignition.


whether

is shattered

by the explosion

of the charge. 2. OFFENSIVE containing

TIME AND AUTOMATIC


HAND GRENADES
charge in grenade grenade chemical and to function. fuzes

FUZES
hand of the fuze ring lever sealing other attached

OPERATION
The safety device is which withdrawn it
a cotter

The fuze is the device which causes the All standard most A time (including types.

a high-explosive

pin with &


it to be

a paper body, designed for demolition or lethal shock effect. 3. CHEMICAL containing

enables

easily. One end of the against foreign bodies, lever

safety
and

hand grenade fuzes) are Time

covers the top of the fuze body,

HAND
a chemical

GRENADES
agent which effect, a action or

Automatic

fires the grenade after a lapse of time and not upon percussion or impact. which contain an automatic tion automatically has been removed prior to throwing. Grenades fuze func-

hooks over a lip in the fuze body. The end of the safety extends of the downward grenade. A grenade body thrower by should be held with the The after and follows the contour

produces a toxic or irritant screening smoke, incendiary any combination 4. PRACTICE containing fragmentation

of these actions.

as soon as the grenade the safety pin lever a of the grenade the necestoward the and the safety

HAND
grenades.

GRENADES

leaves the hand, provided held close to the body safety feature sity of manually target.

a reduced charge; simulate

safety lever pressed close to the grenade the palm of the hand. must take every precaution

This lever provides starting

HAND GRENADES 5. TRAINING used in training troops; do not contain explosives or chemicals.

by eliminating

the fuze action

withdrawing

the safety pin, not to release

before the grenade is thrown

his grip on the safety lever, When the grenade is thrown,

The filler in a grenade may be a powerful explosive, or fragmentation (trinitrotoluene) blank ammunition
a gas, a smoke-producing

the
of the

an incendiary

agent.

The

filler

in

FUZE CLASSIFICATION
Hand grenade fuzes are either detonating or igniting A detonating explosive filler, fuzes are used when the filler requires heat initiation. types. fuze is used when shock the action of the

safety lever is detached the striker striker. hinge the lever, When the

by the release of restrained about

grenades

is either

TNT

spring and the impact no longer striker rotates


a primer

or EC Blank Fire Smokeis used in loading for small arms weapons.

by
a

less Powder. The latter

pin and strikes

in the

is necessary to initiate

upper part of the fuze body. The primer the primer which is a center-fire type similar

CHARACTERISTICS OF FILLERS
EC powder is less powerful and usually is exploded rather than a detonating loaded with EC powder than TNT by a.11ignit,ing agent. Grenades are issued fuzed

Igniting

is one which

to a shotgun shell primer. in the lM6A3

The flame from


fuzes

This type of fuze will ignite the filler as though it had been lighted by a match, All grenade detonating fuzes have and the igniting hand

charge ignites a delay charge and MlOA3 column compressed time varies

consists of a powder in a lead tube. from

and ready for use. They are not susceptible to mass detonation. The standard filler for offensive ades is pressed TNT. gren-

The burning

same general

4.0 to 5.0 seconds.

form and appearance. consists primarily a threaded into portion the grenade

The fuze assembly The delay charge ignites a black Powder igniting
igniter

of a fuze body, having to permit body, insertion lever a safety

charge

in the MlOA3 initiates burning

fuze and the fi11er

Fillers in chemical grenades consist of . various chemical mixtures and solutions. The manufacturing, storage and issue of Chemical Chemical Grenades is a function Warfare Service. of the

a tet,ryl detonator charge.


assembly

in the M6A3 fuze* The time Of the

which restrains which is crimped the fuze body

a striker,

a safety pin to of the

or detonator The total

hold the lever in place, and a deep cup to the lower portion and extends A inside

is the same as the fuze, namely

from 4.0 to 5.0 sec. --. . Cal

! INCIasS\FlED

IENADES: HAND, FRAGMENTATION, MK.IIAI-STANDARD


GRENADE, HAND, IIAi FRAGMENTA-

GRENADE, HAND,

FRAGMENTATION,

MK. 1IAl

TION,

MK.

-STANDARD

The

body of this grenade is made of cast-iron and is about The outside the size of a large lemon, surface is deeply serrated

horizontally and vertically to assist in producing uniform fragments when the grenade explodes. The bursting charge is 0.74 ounce of EC Blank Fire Powder initiated by the MlOA3 igniting fuze.

A 0 I3 0 0 @ 0 0

Tin-foil Primer

disk

@ @ 0

Safety

lever body cap

Cast-iron Metal

Fuze body Powder Striker Striker train spring

powder

or detonator 0 @ Q Charge Pull ring Safety pin

AND,OFFENSIVE, MK.IOAI--LIMITED STANDARD


GRENADE, HAND, OFFENSIVE, MK. IllAl
GRENADE, IllAl-LIMITED HAND, OFFENSIVE, STANDARD-This MK.

1
LOT

GRENADE,t-iAND CFFENWE, MK~P ;;:;:::1 ^ 1


k L,

grenade consists of a sheet-metal top, threaded to receive the detonating fuze, M6A3, and a body of laminated cartridge paper which contains the high-explosive TNT charge. This grenade is for demolition. It may be used in the open more safely than the fragmentation grenade because thereis no marked fragmentation. The grenade bodies and fuzes are shipped separately. The loaded and fuzed Mk. IIIAI grenade weighs 14 ounces, 6.83 ounces of which is the TNT charge.

Moisture Striker

cap spring

0 @ @) op

Powder Safety

train lever

L
!.JNCkASSltl~~ A

OF
0 @

uze body

Detonator ressed TNT Paper body filler

Primer Striker

J 0

HAND,

TIC

aII-STANDARD
GRENADE, HAND, PRACTICE, MK. II-

GRENADE, HAND,

PRACTICE, MK. II

STANDARD-This

is a stmdard practice

,, (-1 : i-

cFq\ 1 g-T +!iQ -.i 7-r--\ !Ai -k


i / L---;< )k, \, ---d-3 <;;,

grenade and is equipped with the ignitirig fuzc, M 10113. The grenade is loaded with a small charge of black powder in a cloth bag.
@ @ 0 0 0 0 0 @ 0 0 @ Tin-foil Striker disk spring

:i 1, 4 , \,, 1i-J cII -f \ 2 !\ [ r-,/-------------j .L\_,i \-iL k- $ llj r I 1 1 i/ -\> r-- --c,\p ;;s (: jb \ Y r- .xt;) \\\ ---L.-L /

Fuze body Primer Striker Safety Cast-iron Powder Black Filling Metal lever body train powder

charge

in paper

tube

hole plug powder cap or detonator

HAND, TRAINING, MK.(AI-STANDARD


GRENADE,

HAND,

TRAINiNG,

MK.

GRENADE, HAND, TRAINING,

MK. IA1

lAl-STANDARD-This

grenade is the current standard for practice and training. It consists of a one piece cast-iron body in the shape of a Mk. II fuzed fragmentation grenade and a removable safety pin and ring. It is inert. The grenade weighs 22 ounces, 1 ounce more than the Mk. II.

@ @ @ 0

One piece Inert load Pull ring Safety pin

cast-iron

body

CHARACTERISTICS
MR. IlAl
Use.. . . . . . . . , . _ . . . . . Fuze.......... . II.I.......... Weight Loaded and Fuzed . , . . . Charge and Weight. . . s . . , , , . . . Bursting Radius.. . . . , . . . . . , . . . , Delay Time.. . . . . . . , . . . . . . , . Mk.

IllAl

MK. II
Practice Ml OA3, igniting 40.5 ox. Black pwdr. 4-S sec.

MK. IA1
Dummy, training

Type and

. *. .. . . *. ...

.a.._*_.,......

..a.

,.*..**...*.*..

..#

.*..,...

..,............

Frag.; casuaIty Ml OA3, igniting Pi .o oz. EC smokeless pwdr., 30 yds. 4-5 sec.

0.74 oz.

Offensive; casualty MbA3, detonating 14.0 oz. TNT, 6.83 oz. 4-5 sec.

ZOZ.

UNCLASSIFIED

.~^~.~,~.~~.~~,(j~,~~X,~I~U*Um~-LI,,~,.~I~~.~_,,

*._l

I.

_,

_.

_I

RIFLE GRENADES GRENADE, ANTITANK, M9Al; GRENADE, ANTITANK, PRACTICE, MllA2; RIFLE, FRAGMENTATION, ADAPTER, GRENADE-PROJECTION, Ml; GRENADE, IMPACT, Ml7--STANDARD
Rifle grenades are designed to be fired from the U. S. rifle and carbine by a launcher which the soldier attaches to the muzzle. A special blank cartridge, issued with the grenade, must be used. The Mk. HA1 fragmentation hand grenade, with 5 seconds delay fuze, can be fired from the rifle or carbine by the Ml grenade-projection adapter. Rifle grenades are divided into two grugeneral classes : (1) high-explosive nades, containing an explosive charge, and (2) practice grenades, designed for training or practice. -The antitank grenade, M9111, has a shectt steel body and tail assembly and weighs 1.23 pounds. The
GRENADE, STANDARD ANTITANK, MsAl-

GRENADE, ANTITANK,
I--.----.I I 1 . . . . . a.. 0 y-I a--* I. .--i^..~~I_I~~ I. y.$p--: ;@*Zf; ayd.4 .I . . . . -.,-rl

M9Al
- = - = = - . dB2. ( I :, -;

body is filled with 4 ounces of Pentolite using the 1~0110~ charge principle. The tail contains the impact fuze and the stabilizing fin is spot welded on a stabilizer tube screwed to the head. The impact fuze consists of a firing pin held by a spring in flight. When shipped, the firing pin is retained by a safety pin. When the grenade strikes a target the to activate the pin moves forward detonator and explode the charge. The h0110~ or shaped charge of this grenade has remarkable armor-penetrating qualities, The bI9Al anti-tank rifle grenade supersedes the grenade, A.T., M9.
GRENADE, ANTITANK, MliAl-STANDARD-This
PRACTICE,

0 -rl-x-x-d.1 i r*--

is an inert-

-.e--.-~..:-:*:+~ ..__--_~_-

I _ _ - _ . _. _* **j

@ Hollow

-- ll.l8dAX. stabilizer tube @

0 Firing pin body 0 Detonator @I ogive

@ @

Stabilizer Booster

fin
@

Pentolite

charge

Sheet metal

loaded dummy grenade similar in shape and weight to the antitank grenade, M9Al. This practice grenade superseded the Ml1 and JIllAl practice grenades. Tlw JlllA2 differs from the M9Al in that the fin is replaceable. Extra fins are shipped with each grenade in the event the original one is bent or wears out.
GRENADE, TION, IMPACT RIFLE, FRAGMENTA- Ml7 - This grenade

GRENADE, ANTITANK,

PRACTICE, Ml 1 A2

consists of a fin stabilizer assembly with impact type fuze similar to that used for Grenade, AT, M9Al. The head consists of a blk. 11X1 hand grenade fuze body which is screwed in the fuze adapter on the stabilizer assembly. The Ml7 grenade is used in a manner identical with that of the Adapter, Grenade-Projection, -Ml, however, it offers a unit ready for firing without assembly in the field as is required for the Ml adapter.
ADAPTER, GRENADE-PROJECTION, @-STANDARD---The grenade-projec-

Stabilizer

fin

Hollow

stabilizer

tube

Cast iron body

Ogive

GRENADE,

RIFLE, FRAGMENTATION,

iMPACT, Ml 7

9.775 MAX.

@) Stabilizer

Stabilizer

tube

Firing pin

Booster

Bursting charge

tion adapter, Jf 1: was designed to permit the projection of the Xlk. IIAl fragmentation grenade from the rifle. It has a fin assembly similar to that of the M9Al grenade. The head of the fin assembly has four claws which clip around and hold the body of the 3Ik. IIAl fragmentation grenade with the S-second time fuze. One of the claws has an arming clip which holds the safety lever of the &Ik. IIAl grenade. Upon setback the arming clip releases the safety lever of the Mk. IIAl fragmentation grenade and the fuze explodes the grenade after 5 seconds. The adapter with Jlk. IIAl fragmentation grenade is fired from the same launcher used to . launch the M9Al and other rifle grenades,

r;on

UNCLASSIFIED
D Cmqy-~llllllllllltl~lIllllllllllllllllilllllll~ll~lll~lllllllllllllllllllllltlllllllllltlllllll~illllllllt~llll~lll f-Y LCT PC P WT CL

,? 2

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