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Digambara - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Digambara (Sanskrit: ) "sky-clad" is one of the two main sects of Jainism. "Sky-clad" has many different meaning and associations throughout Indian religions. Many representations of deities within these traditions are depicted as sky-clad, e.g. Samantabhadra/Samantabhadr in Yab-Yum. Certain traditions and lineages also practice Digambara as a lifelong vow as evidenced by numerous sadhus throughout India.

Jainism

This article is part of a series on Jainism

1 Distinctives of Digambar 2 Digambara Jain communities in India 3 Digambara monasticism 4 Sub-sects of Digambara 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

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Digambara is one of the two main sects of Jainism, the other being Svetambara. Until the leadership of Acharya Bhadrabahu, there was no significant division. After that some divisions gradually arose. Generally, Digambara monks wear no clothes whereas Svetambara "white-clad" monks usually wear white clothes.

Although senior Digambara monks wear no clothes, following the Parasparopagraho_Jivanam Jain symbol Jain flag Timeline Topics list practice of Mahavira, they do not consider themselves to be nude. Rather, they are wearing the environment, that is the Festivals quintessential, akasha or space. Digambaras believe that this Mahavir Jayanti Paryushana Diwali practice represents a refusal to give in to the demands of the body for comfort and private property. Only Digambara ascetics are Jainism Portal required to forsake clothing and not the laity. Digambara ascetics have only two possessions: a peacock feather broom and a water gourd. Conversely, Svetambara monks usually wear white maintaining that nudism is no longer practicable. While there are some differences in some practices, the main principles of each sect such as Mahavratas, Anuvratas and so forth are the same.

The native Jain communities of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bundelkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Southern Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu are all Digambaras, as are the Saravagis and the Agrawals of North India. In Gujarat, the majority of Jains follow the Svetambara tradition, although some Jain communities of

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Digambara - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

file:///C:/Users/akmoe/Documents/JAINISM/Digambara.htm

these regions, like the Humad, narsinghpura,visa mevada,raikwad are also Digambaras. Chatutath, Pancham, Bogar, Kasar, Patni, Sethi, Tongia, Rara/Raoka, Kasliwal, Godha, Badjatiya and Patwa are sub-castes belonging to the aforementioned Khandelwai or Sarawagi sub-community. They are mainly from Rajasthan. Their ancestors have been engaged in business and have attained great welath. Many Jain temples and havelis made in the Jaisalmer, Udaipur and Jodhpur regions were built by them. Other Digambara communities include Padmavati Porwal, Saitwal, Lad, Bagherwal, Aggarwal and Visa Mewada. The Parwars come mainly from Bundelkhand. They are one of the most learned amongst Jains and most Pandits and scholars of tirthakshetras are Parwars.
Gommateshvara Bahubali at Shravanabelagola 978-993 AD.

The prominent Acharyas of the Digambar tradition were: Acharya Kundakunda, author of Samayasar and other works Archaya Virasena, author of Dhavala Acharya Aryanandi, a monk Circa the 10th century, Digambar tradition was divided into two main orders. Mula Sangh, which includes Sena gana, Deshiya gana and Balatkara gana traditions Kashtha Sangh, which includes the Mathura gana and Lat-vagad gana traditions Acharya Shantisagar, the first Acharya of the 20th century, belonged to the tradition of Sena gana. Practically all the Digambara monks today belong to his tradition, either directly or indirectly. The Bhattarakas of Shravanabelagola and Mudbidri belong to Deshiya gana and Bhattara of Humbaj belongs to Balatkara gana. Among the prominent Digambara Acharyas today are Acharya Vidyasagar, Acharya Vardhman sagar, Acharya Vidyanand, Acharya Pushpadant and Acharya Devanandji and Acharya Abhinandan Sagar Ji. Acharya Abhinandan Sagar Ji & Acharya vardhman sagar ji are the current pattacharyas of Acharya Shantisagar Ji.

Those following the Terapanth reforms are called Terapanth. Others who follow more traditional practices are called Bisapanthi. In practice, the division between the sub-sects is unimportant, and separate institutions do not exist. Among the Digambaras, the Taran Panthi follow Taran Swami and Kanji Panthi follow Kanji Swami.

Tamil Jains Bhattarakas Mula Sangh and Kashtha Sangh Digambar Jain Mahasabha

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Digambara - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Mary Pat Fisher (2003). Living Religions (5th Edition)

Gallery of images of Digambaras (http://www.jainworld.org/jworg03/ioj/Digambar_Monks_and_Nuns /Digambar.htm) Jain ascetics photos (http://www.jainheritagecentres.com/photogallery/asceticsph01.htm) Overview of World Religions: Digambara (http://philtar.ucsm.ac.uk/encyclopedia/jainism/digam.html) Digambar Jain Tirth Across India (http://www.jainreligion.in/) Digambar Jain Maha Samiti (http://www.djms.in/) Jain Matrimony site (http://www.millni.com/) Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digambara&oldid=498822798" Categories: Jain sects Jain monasticism This page was last modified on 22 June 2012 at 12:24. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of use for details. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

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