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GE Digital Energy

Getting Smart on Smart Grid Advanced Metering Infrastructure Overview


February, 2012

Agenda
1.0 Course Introduction What is the Smart Grid? What is AMI and how does it fit into the Smart Grid? AMI Technologies 2.0 Product Line Overview 2.1 Features/Benefits

Maximizing Grid Reliability, Efficiency & Security

2/ GE / March 12, 2012

1.0 Introduction
What is the Smart Grid? What is AMI and how does it fit into the Smart Grid? AMI Technologies

What is the Smart Grid?


Reliable Infrastructure Renewable Resources Demand Response & Energy Efficiency Conservation

Asset Management

Timely Information
Distributed Energy Resources Operational Efficiency

Climate Change

Operational Excellence
Customer Service Consumer Empowerment Supply Economics
4/ GE / March 12, 2012

What is the Smart Grid?


Smart Grid
> > > > Different to different people Paradigm shift, revolutionizing the way we use energy & water Changing: it will evolve/transform over time Not a single technology!!!

Forces Driving the Smart Grid


> > > >
> > > >

Technological: electronics, communications, networks, apps Environmental: conservation to reduce carbon footprint Economic: efficiency, growing energy needs Political: Green initiatives, consumer choice, transmission and generation restrictions, Stimulus monies
Consumer Generation Transmission & distribution Regulatory & economic policies

The Smart Grid impacts

5/ GE / March 12, 2012

What is the Smart Grid?


Consumer satisfaction
> Improved power quality / reduced outages > Instantaneous connection / disconnection > Consumer information, choice, control
Knowing how much energy an appliance is using Choice of billing cycle / method / rate Choice of source: traditional supplier, Green supplier, co-generation Automation Support of the future: Electric vehicles, distributed generation

> Improved social options: life-line rates, pre-payment, privacy

Delivery efficiency
> > > > > Loss reduction: technical and non-technical Voltage control Asset management Peak reduction Distributed generation

Improved societal impacts


> Conservation: Reduced generation / transmission line needs > Reduced carbon emissions > Enabling responsibility
6/ GE / March 12, 2012

Why the Smart Grid?


Landscape of Utility Issues
Cost/Impact

Carbon Policies
Demand Response Energy Efficiency

Grid Modernization Distributed Energy Resources

Renewables & Alternatives

Now

3-5 yrs

6-10yrs

Time Horizon
7/ GE / March 12, 2012

What are Utilities looking for in an AMI solution, globally?


Reduce fraud

True AMI solutions are based on smart meters with 2 Way communication, enabling remote metering capabilities and configuration

More accurate bills and better information

Ability to introduce (offer, bill) new tariffs

On-demand response

Advanced Metering Infrastructure

Consumption analysis

Support for distributed generation Lower operational costs and cost-toserve

Smart Grids

Smart homes

8/ GE / March 12, 2012

AMI Enabling the Smart Grid


Blueprint from utility transformation
Carbon Policies Renewables & Alternatives

AMI
Energy Efficiency

Grid Modernization Distributed Energy Resources Demand Response

Source: Mike Howard (EPRI) Smart Grid & AMI, NARUC Winter Meeting Feb 2008

The Smart Grid will evolve over time, AMI is todays building block.

9/ GE / March 12, 2012

AMI Technologies

What is AMI and how is it different from AMR?


Automated Meter Reading (AMR)
> Collects data from meters via wireless communications > Integrates the information back into a database for billing or analysis

Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI)


> Measures, collects, and analyzes usage, from advanced devices or intelligent meters > Utilizes various communication media on request or on a pre-defined schedule

The core of an AMI system is 2 way communications, providing


> True Remote Meter Management > On Demand Capabilities - TOU, Demand, begin Demand Limiting operation, open/close a disconnect switch, etc > Intelligent features to enhance/protect revenue, improve efficiency, and enable conservation efforts, not typically offered by traditional AMR

AMI provides a total system solution for the Smart Grid


11 / GE / March 12, 2012

AMI End-to-End Description


Premise Equipment Demand Response
Home Area Networks

Metering Metering LAN


Meter collection point

Communications Infrastructure Data Collector


Collection point & network access

Software Utility Operations


Network Mgmt System & Connection to MDMS or Enterprise Service Bus

Wide Area Net


Cellular (GSM/CMDA), Private networks

Backbone
Fiber, Point-toPoint Wireless

Head End Software

Meter Data Mgmt

Customer Info Sys Demand Response Outage Mgmt Billing Systems

Devices in the premise that Measures, Transmits can be remotely controlled collects, and usage info. and monitored by the utility stores end- Now being such as load control, user energy incorporate thermostats, PEHV use d into the meter

Collects, stores and transmits usage for multiple meter points. Solutionspecific device.

Transmits data Provides an IP between collector and connection through utility head end Fiber, Point-to-Point software. Also known Wireless & is usually as backhaul. part of the telecom system

Interfaces AMR solution to customer information system. Sometimes called head end

Central repository for meter data that can be accessed by a large number of groups and systems
12 / GE / March 12, 2012

AMI End-to-End Description


Premise Equipment Demand Response
Home Area Networks

Metering Metering LAN


Meter collection point

Communications Infrastructure Data Collector


Collection point & network access

Software Utility Operations


Network Mgmt System & Connection to MDMS or Enterprise Service Bus

Wide Area Net


Cellular (GSM/CMDA), Private networks

Backbone
Fiber, Point-toPoint Wireless

Head End Software

Meter Data Mgmt

Customer Info Sys Demand Response Outage Mgmt Billing Systems

Devices in the premise that Measures, Transmits can be remotely controlled collects, and usage info. and monitored by the utility stores end- Now being such as load control, user energy incorporate thermostats, PEHV use d into the meter

Collects, stores and transmits usage for multiple meter points. Solutionspecific device.

Transmits data Provides an IP between collector and connection through utility head end Fiber, Point-to-Point software. Also known Wireless & is usually as backhaul. part of the telecom system

Interfaces AMR solution to customer information system. Sometimes called head end

Central repository for meter data that can be accessed by a large number of groups and systems
13 / GE / March 12, 2012

HAN- Standards Based Systems


Wireless: > ZigBee Pros: Cheap, Low Power requirements long battery life Cons: Limited wall penetration capability, range, bandwidth > WiFi Pros: Widely deployed already in many homes Cons: Each device must have constant power source (battery operation not practical today) Wired > HomePlug or Ethernet Pros: More reliable than wireless Cons: Cant directly reach Thermostat

14 / GE / March 12, 2012

AMI End-to-End Description


Premise Equipment Demand Response
Home Area Networks

Metering Metering LAN


Meter collection point

Communications Infrastructure Data Collector


Collection point & network access

Software Utility Operations


Network Mgmt System & Connection to MDMS or Enterprise Service Bus

Wide Area Net


Cellular (GSM/CMDA), Private networks

Backbone
Fiber, Point-toPoint Wireless

Head End Software

Meter Data Mgmt

Customer Info Sys Demand Response Outage Mgmt Billing Systems

Devices in the premise that Measures, Transmits can be remotely controlled collects, and usage info. and monitored by the utility stores end- Now being such as load control, user energy incorporate thermostats, PEHV use d into the meter

Collects, stores and transmits usage for multiple meter points. Solutionspecific device.

Transmits data Provides an IP between collector and connection through utility head end Fiber, Point-to-Point software. Also known Wireless & is usually as backhaul. part of the telecom system

Interfaces AMR solution to customer information system. Sometimes called head end

Central repository for meter data that can be accessed by a large number of groups and systems
15 / GE / March 12, 2012

Smart Meters Value Map


CTQ Rich Functionality Varied AMI Communication Support Deliverable Deliver a meter with requirements needed in multiple IEC and ANSI markets. The market has mesh Radio, WiMAX, PLC, serial, GPRS and others.

Ease of Installation
Protocol Standards Family of Meters Functionality without High Bandwidth BackHaul

Ensure compatibility with a wide range of existing meter footprints.


Deliver standards compatible meter, requires option for ANSI C12.18/19 protocols and tables, as well as IEC 62056 DLMS/COSEM. Customers require more than just one meter, deliver the family for a full roll-out. Provide a smart meter, enabling functionality driven by progressive markets with high bandwidth AMI to be leveraged by customers in markets with low bandwidth back-office connection. Make the meter smart, dont defer it to the AMI card to implement the logic to enable us to provide a consistent smart solution easily regardless of AMI choice. Hit the right price versus functionality point in the market.

Faster Integrations
Value for Money

16 / GE / March 12, 2012

AMI End-to-End Description


Premise Equipment Demand Response
Home Area Networks

Metering Metering LAN


Meter collection point

Communications Infrastructure Data Collector


Collection point & network access

Software Utility Operations


Network Mgmt System & Connection to MDMS or Enterprise Service Bus

Wide Area Net


Cellular (GSM/CMDA), Private networks

Backbone
Fiber, Point-toPoint Wireless

Head End Software

Meter Data Mgmt

Customer Info Sys Demand Response Outage Mgmt Billing Systems

Devices in the premise that Measures, Transmits can be remotely controlled collects, and usage info. and monitored by the utility stores end- Now being such as load control, user energy incorporate thermostats, PEHV use d into the meter

Collects, stores and transmits usage for multiple meter points. Solutionspecific device.

Transmits data Provides an IP between collector and connection through utility head end Fiber, Point-to-Point software. Also known Wireless & is usually as backhaul. part of the telecom system

Interfaces AMR solution to customer information system. Sometimes called head end

Central repository for meter data that can be accessed by a large number of groups and systems
17 / GE / March 12, 2012

LAN (Collectors) Technology Differentiation Factors


Factor
System Bandwidth (Low vs. Moderate vs. High) For Distribution Automation For Premise Equipment

Description
Moderate and high bandwidth solutions will win because utilities want SCADA-level controls for Distribution Automation and futureproofing of systems given 15-year expected service life. Future security requirements will also require additional bandwidth Utilities will require moderately to fully open, interoperable systems given scale of investment and expected service life Security issue will become more important over time, and utilities will prefer carrier-grade security at least for automating critical distribution assets Utilities will prefer single vendor relationships for entire coverage area, favoring vendors capable of supporting all topologies. Many large utilities are integrated, and will favor vendors able to simultaneously automate gas and water meters.

Standards (Proprietary, Moderately Open, Fully Open) Interoperability Meter vendor flexibility System Security Level (Adequate, Advanced, Carrier-Grade) Coverage of Utility Network Devices (Partial,Full Electric, Comprehensive) Device Portfolio (residential, C&I, DA) Urban / Suburban / Rural coverage Gas and/or Water meters Hybrid architectures Enterprise Applications to Drive Value to Utilities Strength and maturity of hardware, applications and vendor network that deliver core components of business case

Core to delivering business case. Utilities will favor companies with best existing suite and best/lowest risk plan to build out additional capabilities

18 / GE / March 12, 2012

Introduction Technologies; Bandwidth


< 12 KHz < 1.5 kBytes/s

Wired
RF

Power Line Carrier Analog Cellular (Obsolete)

80 1200 KHz

10-150 kBytes/s

Wired RF

Land Line Telephone Mesh & Tower Based RF Systems as well as GSM/CDMA Cellular

> 1.2 MHz

> 150 kBytes/s

Wired RF

Broadband over Power Line 4G, EDGE & 1XRTT Cellular / WiFi / WiMAX

19 / GE / March 12, 2012

LAN - Power Line Carrier (PLC)


> Technology is quite mature first patent issued in 1887 > First used by Utilities in the US for controlling switchgear and relays in the 1930s > Involves the injection and extraction of signals onto/from an energized power line > Various methods are employed each with advantages/ disadvantages Pros: > A good solution for rural areas where it may not be possible to deploy wireless infrastructure > Widely deployed and trusted Cons: > To be able to push signal trough transformers and other distribution devices, bandwidth (frequency) must be kept low making PLC a self-limiting communications technology

20 / GE / March 12, 2012

LAN - RF Based AMI Solutions


> Many frequencies, but only three basic models: > RF has the advantage of not requiring the expensive equipment of PLC and BPL, but various systems are limited in their range by the architectural model and the frequency they use (leaving PLC still a better technical choice for rural reads - in some situations)
21 / GE / March 12, 2012

Broadband over Power Line (BPL) AMI Systems


> Essentially the same transmission concept of PLC, but with much higher bandwidth > Although technology has been known for decades, adoption has been slow due to: Excessive cost of equipment (This is still a problem in that expensive bridges must be used to take signals around each distribution transformer) Interference with local RF transmissions (Local notching of offending frequencies has addressed this) Pros: > High bandwidth with the capbility of providing other services (internet, VoIP) Cons: > Equipment costs are high and many required in less dense areas

22 / GE / March 12, 2012

AMI End-to-End Description


Premise Equipment Demand Response
Home Area Networks

Metering Metering LAN


Meter collection point

Communications Infrastructure Data Collector


Collection point & network access

Software Utility Operations


Network Mgmt System & Connection to MDMS or Enterprise Service Bus

Wide Area Net


Cellular (GSM/CMDA), Private networks

Backbone
Fiber, Point-toPoint Wireless

Head End Software

Meter Data Mgmt

Customer Info Sys Demand Response Outage Mgmt Billing Systems

Devices in the premise that Measures, Transmits can be remotely controlled collects, and usage info. and monitored by the utility stores end- Now being such as load control, user energy incorporate thermostats, PEHV use d into the meter

Collects, stores and transmits usage for multiple meter points. Solutionspecific device.

Transmits data Provides an IP between collector and connection through utility head end Fiber, Point-to-Point software. Also known Wireless & is usually as backhaul. part of the telecom system

Interfaces AMR solution to customer information system. Sometimes called head end

Central repository for meter data that can be accessed by a large number of groups and systems
23 / GE / March 12, 2012

WAN Features
Industrially Hardened
- Extreme operating temperatures - IEEE 1613 Compliance Substation Hardened

Application Flexibility
- Serial and IP/Ethernet traffic - Fixed or mobile data solutions - Point-to-multipoint solutions - Point-to-point Bandwidth

GE WAN Solutions
SD iNET
Mercury 3650

Reliable & Scalable


- Future-proof & backwards compatible - Long range - Network Management

Range/Coverage Security Interfaces Dedicated Spectrum Standards Based Management

Secure
- Standards-based encryption, authentication, and data integrity verification - Dynamic key rotation, provisioning lists, redundancy, and antijamming technologies. - Licensed

Complete Solutions
- Full offering of engineering services and complete turnkey wireless solutions - Site surveys, computer-generated path analyses, frequency coordination, licensing - Network design, installation & support, and in-depth training - Network Management Hosting and NOC Integration

24 / GE / March 12, 2012

AMI End-to-End Description


Premise Equipment Demand Response
Home Area Networks

Metering Metering LAN


Meter collection point

Communications Infrastructure Data Collector


Collection point & network access

Software Utility Operations


Network Mgmt System & Connection to MDMS or Enterprise Service Bus

Wide Area Net


Cellular (GSM/CMDA), Private networks

Backbone
Fiber, Point-toPoint Wireless

Head End Software

Meter Data Mgmt

Customer Info Sys Demand Response Outage Mgmt Billing Systems

Devices in the premise that Measures, Transmits can be remotely controlled collects, and usage info. and monitored by the utility stores end- Now being such as load control, user energy incorporate thermostats, PEHV use d into the meter

Collects, stores and transmits usage for multiple meter points. Solutionspecific device.

Transmits data Provides an IP between collector and connection through utility head end Fiber, Point-to-Point software. Also known Wireless & is usually as backhaul. part of the telecom system

Interfaces AMR solution to customer information system. Sometimes called head end

Central repository for meter data that can be accessed by a large number of groups and systems
25 / GE / March 12, 2012

Head End Software Requirements Meter Data Collector Software

Scalable Secure Open

Support increasing device volumes Support increasing data demand No compromise of customer information Protect against unauthorized device access Easily integrate with 3rd party applications Wide choice of device vendors Adapt to changing business requirements Support evolving industry standards

Flexible

26 / GE / March 12, 2012

2.0 Product Line Overview

AMI End-to-End Description


Premise Equipment Demand Response
Home Area Networks

Metering Metering LAN


Meter collection point

Communications Infrastructure Data Collector


Collection point & network access

Software Utility Operations


Network Mgmt System & Connection to MDMS or Enterprise Service Bus

Wide Area Net


Cellular (GSM/CMDA), Private networks

Backbone
Fiber, Point-toPoint Wireless

Head End Software

Meter Data Mgmt

Customer Info Sys Demand Response Outage Mgmt Billing Systems

Devices in the premise that Measures, Transmits can be remotely controlled collects, and usage info. and monitored by the utility stores end- Now being such as load control, user energy incorporate thermostats, PEHV use d into the meter

Collects, stores and transmits usage for multiple meter points. Solutionspecific device.

Transmits data Provides an IP between collector and connection through utility head end Fiber, Point-to-Point software. Also known Wireless & is usually as backhaul. part of the telecom system

Interfaces AMR solution to customer information system. Sometimes called head end

Central repository for meter data that can be accessed by a large number of groups and systems
28 / GE / March 12, 2012

GEs AMI Solutions Positioning properly


Customer Scenario # 1
-- Meter density less than 100 per square mile

Customer Scenario # 2
-- Meter density between 100 to 4,000 per square mile -- 802.16e NOT BUILT OUT

Customer Scenario # 3
-- Meter density GREATER than 4,000 per square mile -- Frequency licensing available -- Utility willing to build out infrastructure

Customer Scenario # 4
-- Meter density DOES NOT MATTER -- 802.16e built out & coverage available

Considered a Private Network


Recommended Solution
HAN / NAN: GE I-210+C Smart Meter with the following options: 1. Remote connect/disconnect switch 2. RF Mesh NIC Card 3. PLC NIC Card for extreme remote locations Data Collector / WAN: GE MDS BridgeNET Data Collector with the following options: 1. Access Point 2. GE MDS SD Long-Range Licensed backhaul 3. Leased/ purchased 200, 400 or 900 Spectrum 4. Optional back-up cellular card 5. Power supply & battery back-up Backhaul / Backbone Options: 1. Private microwave wireless GE MDS Intrepid Series 2. GE Lentronics JMUX fiber multiplexers Systems Management: 1. GE MDS PulseNET Communication Network Management System 2. Head-end software 3. Meter Data Management Station

Considered a Private Network


Recommended Solution
HAN / NAN: GE I-210+C Smart Meter with the following options: 1 .Remote connect/disconnect switch 2. RF Mesh NIC Card Data Collector / WAN: GE MDS BridgeNET Data Collector with the following options: 1. Access Point 2. GE MDS Mercury backhaul 3. Optional back-up cellular card 4. Power supply & battery back-up Backhaul / Backbone Options: 1. Private microwave wireless GE MDS Intrepid Series 2. GE Lentronics JMUX fiber multiplexers Systems Management 1. GE MDS PulseNET Communication Network Management System 2. Head-end software 3. Meter Data Management Station

Considered a Public Network


Recommended Solution
HAN / NAN: GE WX-210+C Smart Meter with the following options: 1. Remote connect/disconnect switch 2. GE WiMAX 2.5GHz NIC Card 3. Lease / purchase of Frequency Data Collector / WAN: WiMAX base stations

Considered a Public Network


Recommended Solution
HAN / NAN: GE WX-210+C Smart Meter with the following options: 1. Remote connect/disconnect switch 2. GE WiMAX 2.5 GHz NIC Card 3. Smart Meter subscription thru Broadband provider Systems Management 1. Head-end software 2. Meter Data Management Station

Systems Management 1. Head-end software 2. Meter Data Management Station

29 / GE / March 12, 2012

AMI Platforms

GE Digital Energy

Smart Meter Family

Copyright 2010-2011 GE Energy. All rights reserved. This document contains proprietary information to the General Electric Company (GE). Furnishing this document does not convey any reproduction or manufacturing rights. It may not be used, published, or disclosed to others without the express authorisation of the General Electric Company.

A day in the life in 2020


Home energy management systems Distributed power generation, including roof top solar Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles Power when and where you need it Secure and reliable

32 / GE / March 12, 2012

GE Smart Meters Family

IEC Meters
SGM 3000

ANSI Meters
KV2C I210+c
33 / GE / March 12, 2012

GE Smart Meters in the Smart Grid


Transmission Optimization

Workforce Optimization Distribution Optimization


Volt/VAR Optimization, DG & Microgrids Demand Optimization

Peak Mgt, Load as a Resource Equipment prognostics


Asset Optimization

Advanced Metering Infrastructure

34 / GE / March 12, 2012

Smarter Meters
A networked device with IP stack
Strongest security standards Intelligent , standards based High Bandwidth Network Router Customized energy services Available Remote Disconnect Flexible, reliable, affordable Softswitch programmable Standard comms and protocols
35 / GE / March 12, 2012

Meters for a Range of Applications


Residential Commercial

Industrial
Micro-generation Auxiliary Load

36 / GE / March 12, 2012

Value Map
CTQ Rich Functionality Varied AMI Communication Support Deliverable Deliver a meter with requirements needed in multiple IEC and ANSI markets. The market has mesh Radio, WiMAX, PLC, serial, GPRS and others.

Ease of Installation
Protocol Standards Family of Meters Functionality without High Bandwidth BackHaul

Ensure compatibility with a wide range of existing meter footprints.


Deliver standards compatible meter, requires option for ANSI C12.18/19 protocols and tables, as well as IEC 62056 DLMS/COSEM. Customers require more than just one meter, deliver the family for a full roll-out. Provide a smart meter, enabling functionality driven by progressive markets with high bandwidth AMI to be leveraged by customers in markets with low bandwidth back-office connection. Make the meter smart, dont defer it to the AMI card to implement the logic to enable us to provide a consistent smart solution easily regardless of AMI choice. Hit the right price versus functionality point in the market.

Faster Integrations
Value for Money

37 / GE / March 12, 2012

Key Technology
Latest technology from proven partners
> > > > Reliable/robust metrology engine Proven current transformer (CT) technology Proven industrial grade materials High performance application processor > Truly field replaceable AMI communication design > Designed for a common user experience across all models > Multiple build options to meet customer needs
38 / GE / March 12, 2012

Focus On Security
Physical and electrical security measures
> > > > > > > Tamper detection switches on AMI and meter covers Physical sealing of all external and some internal screws Encrypted communications Levels of password access Administrator level password reset Hardware level security in microprocessor Events and AMI notifications on security alerts

39 / GE / March 12, 2012

Smart Meter
Intelligence in the meter
> > > > > > > > > > Metrology Home Area Network (Smart Energy Profile) Supply disconnect and reconnect Auxiliary load control Demand/Accumulation Time Of Use Load profile Prepayment Quality of Supply AMI interface
40 / GE / March 12, 2012

Environmentally Friendly
Key energy saving features
> Low power consumption
Significantly below IEC standards (~50%)

> Provide consumers with consumption data


Industry standard Home Area Network (HAN) Wireless and wired solution

> Supply management


Discretionary load control options

> Peak management


Time Of Use tariffs to encourage lower peak

41 / GE / March 12, 2012

Compliant With Important Standards

42 / GE / March 12, 2012

Smart Meter Family


Meter RF Mesh comunication

43 / GE / March 12, 2012

RF Trilliant SecureMesh
Mesh Architecture Frequency: Unlicensed 2.4 GHz Frequency Standards Based: Uses C12.22 Transfer protocol IP Based Addressing IP Based Backhaul: Using CellReader Devices Powerful End Points: One-to-Many One-to-Many IP-Networks Server Networks 250 mW & 1 W Fast Access: On demand reads in 2.5 seconds Outage reporting HAN/Water/GAS: Through Zigbee Demand Control: PTC, Meter Remote Disconnect
Wireless Mobility
(Digital Cellular) Tower Tower Tower

Many-to-Many Peer-to-Peer Networks


. . .
117 88 P4
Trilliant Embedded . . . Network

. . .

e
MeshGateTM

Database Server

e e

Fiber Ring

Access Points
w

Personal Area
(ad hoc connections)

Communications Servers

BPL or Ethernet

e
Window CE
Window CE

Tower Tower

Tower

e
MeshGateTM

e e e e e e e e
w

g
Hand held or Smart Phone

Task Manager

Wireless Broadband
(WiMAX/WiFi)

Enterprise
Any Enterprise IP Net VPN Carriers Services Internet

WAN/MAN (Metro Area) CDMA/1xRTT, GSM/GPRS, iDEN WiMAX Ethernet Fiber Phone

Smart Thermostat or In-home Display

Home Area
(demand response)
Water Heater

LAN/SAN (Sensor Area)


IEEE 802.15.4 (AMI sensor mesh) WiFi (non-AMI services)

44 / GE / March 12, 2012

Benefits of Trilliant SecureMesh Multi-Tier Communications


A flexible, secure, manageable, and highly reliable private communications infrastructure that can embrace advanced applications
Scalable > SecureMesh WAN bandwidth can be allocated as needed for AMI/HAN backhaul and DA devices > SecureMesh NAN provides highest data rate in the industry Secure > End-to-end standards-based security (IPsec, ANSI C12.22) > Security partitioned by application and/or network tier Flexible > Home-by-home or territory-wide rollouts > Effective in both very rural and very dense environments Robust Multi-tier self-healing wireless mesh for all tiers

SecureMesh WAN

WAN/NAN Bridge

SecureMesh NAN

45 / GE / March 12, 2012

Advanced Meter Communication


Encryption
Meter:# 67
Meter Discovery
Global Registration NIC: #67 Password: 123456789 Time zone: EST Meter ID: 1RSM09 Default Parameters -Password -Time zone Meter ID: 1RSM09

Password Time Zone Checks/Sets Clock

Collector #1

End Point 1 End Point 2 End Point 7

End Point 67

NIC: #67 Password: 123456789 Time zone: EST

Meter: #67

Collector #2

End Point 5 End Point 9

End Point 3

Repeater Repeater

End Point 6

Collector #3
End Point 8

End Point 10

End Point 4

46 / GE / March 12, 2012

46

Smart Meter Family


Empower The Consumer

47 / GE / March 12, 2012

Home Area Networking


Wireless and wired connectivity
Factory build options for population of wireless and/or wired daughter boards
ZigBee technology for wireless connectivity HomePlug technology for wired connectivity across in-home power lines HAN connectivity under the meter cover Optional external HAN support via the AMI communication module

Standards based connectivity


Smart Energy Profile 1.1 compatible Smart Energy Profile 2.0 ready pending ratification of standard

48 / GE / March 12, 2012

Intelligent Networks
DMS
DRMS
WWW Nucleus

MDMS

AMI

AMI

WattStation Residential EV Charger

CIS Local Area Networks


49 / GE / March 12, 2012

Home Area Network

Utility Systems

Utility Service Bus

Demand Response Enablers


Refrigerator
Delay defrost Modification of run time during peak Reduced features during peak Energy saver mode

Washer/Dryer
Delayed wash and dry Reduced cycle time Manage water usage- cold wash Energy saver mode

Range and Microwave


Reduced energy cooking Use of small cavity Cooking efficiency Electronic cook top

Home Energy Manager (HEM)


Complete Energy usage tracking Configurable settings/Vacation mode PEV dashboard Weather forecast algorithm Energy saver mode

Smart Thermostat/IHD
Fully programmable Cumulative $kWh Usage Instantaneous kWh Instantaneous $Pricing

Dish Washer
Delayed wash Reduced cycle time Manage water usage Energy saver mode
50 / GE / March 12, 2012

Nucleus
Home energy management system
Interoperable with SM3000 ZigBee 1.1 Advanced App based in-home display

51 / GE / March 12, 2012

Nucleus

52 / GE / March 12, 2012

4.0 Commercialization & Contact

53 / GE / March 12, 2012

Discovering needs
Leading Questions
Meters Questions:
What is the total number of meters that need to be supported in the AMI network? What are the types (forms) and number of each type of meter in the system? What percentage of meters are anticipated to have remote disconnect? What percentage of meter is anticipated to have HAN capability on deployment? Is interoperable meter required? Do you currently have a communications infrastructure? Fiber and/or Wireless? If yes, can you describe your current deployment? Private and/or Public? Can you leverage your current infrastructure to support your AMI requirements? Do you plan on having your communications infrastructure incorporate DA Devices? Are there future requirements that would utilize your communications infrastructure? Do you have a complete list of all the locations of your devices? Has a Meter Data Management System (MDMS) been implemented or selected? Which system is expected to be the System of Record? What critical utility enterprise applications do you have currently, that should connect to the head end directly? In the future? What GE applications do you utilize currently? Do you have plans for integrating an Enterprise Service Bus? Has a systems integrator been chosen for the project?

Communications Questions:

Head-End Questions:

54 / GE / March 12, 2012

GE Digital Energy

AMI Advanced Metering Infrastructure

Maximizing Grid Reliability, Efficiency & Security

GE Proprietary and Confidential

55 / GE / March 12, 2012

Questions..

56 / GE / March 12, 2012