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Appendix A 1. Curiosity and information-seeking survey. 2. Academic Motivation Scale High School edition (AMS-HS 28) 3.

. Global Motivation Scale (GMS-28)

Curiosity and Information-Seeking Survey Please answer the following questions thoughtfully and in detail: 1. What sorts of things are you curious about? 2. How did you become interested in those topics? 3. What specific questions or wonderings do you have about those topics? 4. What kinds of actions do you take to learn more about topics that interest you? 5. How likely are you to use the following resources to explore your interests? Use the following scale: Very Unlikely Unlikely 1 2 Likely Very Likely 3 4

__________________________________________________________________ Television .. 1 2 3 4

What channels/shows?: Wikipedia . 1 Newspapers (Online or print versions) 1 Other online sources 1 Explain: Radio 1 Other 1 Explain: 6. How many hours a week do you engage yourself in learning new things about the topics that interest you? a) Less than an hour b) 1-3 hours c) 3-5 hours d) More than 5 hours 7. Who encourages you to pursue and learn more about the topics that interest you? 2 2 3 3 4 4 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4

A CA DEMIC MOT IV A T ION S CA L E ( A MS -HS 2 8 ) HIGH S CHOOL V ERS ION


A dapt ed from A MS - College vers ion

Robert J . V allerand, L uc G. Pellet ier, Marc R. Blais , Nat halie M. Brire, Caroline B. S encal, velyne F. V allires , 1 9 9 2 -1 9 9 3
Educational and Psychological Measurement, vols. 52 and 53

WHY DO YOU GO TO SCHOOL ? Using the scale below, indicate to what extent each of the following items presently corresponds to one of the reasons why you go to school.

Does not correspond at all 1

Corresponds a little 2 3

Corresponds moderately 4

Corresponds a lot 5 6

Corresponds exactly 7

WHY DO YOU GO TO SCHOOL?

1. Because I need at least a high-school degree in order to find a high-paying job later on. 2. Because I experience pleasure and satisfaction while learning new things. 3. Because I think that a high-school education will help me better prepare for the career I have chosen. 4. Because I really like going to school. 5. Honestly, I don't know; I really feel that I am wasting my time in school. 6. For the pleasure I experience while surpassing myself in my studies. 7. To prove to myself that I am capable of completing my high-school degree. 8. In order to obtain a more prestigious job later on. 9. For the pleasure I experience when I discover new things never seen before. 10. Because eventually it will enable me to enter the job market in a field that I like. 11. Because for me, school is fun.

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7

12. I once had good reasons for going to school; however, now I wonder whether I should continue. 13. For the pleasure that I experience while I am surpassing myself in one of my personal accomplishments. 14. Because of the fact that when I succeed in school I feel important. 15. Because I want to have "the good life" later on. 16. For the pleasure that I experience in broadening my knowledge about subjects which appeal to me. 17. Because this will help me make a better choice regarding my career orientation. 18. For the pleasure that I experience when I am taken by discussions with interesting teachers. 19. I can't see why I go to school and frankly, I couldn't care less. 20. For the satisfaction I feel when I am in the process of accomplishing difficult academic activities. 21. To show myself that I am an intelligent person. 22. In order to have a better salary later on. 23. Because my studies allow me to continue to learn about many things that interest me. 24. Because I believe that my high school education will improve my competence as a worker. 25. For the "high" feeling that I experience while reading about various interesting subjects. 26. I don't know; I can't understand what I am doing in school. 27. Because high school allows me to experience a personal satisfaction in my quest for excellence in my studies. 28. Because I want to show myself that I can succeed in my studies.

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7

1 1

2 2

3 3

4 4

5 5

6 6

7 7

Robert J . V allerand, L uc G. Pellet ier, Marc R. Blais , Nat halie M. Brire, Caroline B. S encal, velyne F. V allires , 1 9 9 2

K EY FOR A MS HS -2 8

# 2, 9, 16, 23

Intrinsic motivation - to know

# 6, 13, 20, 27 Intrinsic motivation - toward accomplishment # 4, 11, 18, 25 Intrinsic motivation - to experience stimulation # 3, 10, 17, 24 Extrinsic motivation - identified # 7, 14, 21, 28 Extrinsic motivation - introjected # 1, 8, 15, 22 Extrinsic motivation - external regulation

# 5, 12, 19, 26 Amotivation

GL OBA L MOT IV A T ION S CA L E ( GMS -2 8 )


Frdric Guay, Genevive A . Mageau et Robert J . V allerand S ociet y for Pers onalit y and S ocial Ps ychology, 2 9 :8 , 2 0 0 3

GENERAL ATTITUDES Indicate to what extent each of the following statements corresponds generally to the reasons why you do different things.
Does not correspond accordingly 1 Corresponds completely 5 6 7

Corresponds moderately 2 3 4

IN GENERAL, I DO THINGS . . . 1. ... in order to feel pleasant emotions. 2. ... because I do not want to disappoint certain people. 3. ... in order to help myself become the person I aim to be. 4. ... because I like making interesting discoveries. 5. ... because I would beat myself up for not doing them. 6. ... because of the pleasure I feel as I become more and more skilled. 7. ... although I do not see the benefit in what I am doing. 8. ... because of the sense of well-being I feel while I am doing them. 9. ... because I want to be viewed more positively by certain people. 10. ... because I chose them as means to attain my objectives. 11. ... for the pleasure of acquiring new knowledge. 12. ... because otherwise I would feel guilty for not doing them. 13. ... for the pleasure I feel mastering what I am doing. 14. ... although it does not make a difference whether I do them or not. 15. ... for the pleasant sensations I feel while I am doing them. 16. ... in order to show others what I am capable of. 17. ... because I chose them in order to attain what I desire. 18. ... for the pleasure of learning new, interesting things. 19. ... because I force myself to do them. 20. ... because of the satisfaction I feel in trying to excel in what I do. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7

21. ... even though I do not have a good reason for doing them. 22. ... for the enjoyable feelings I experience. 23. ... in order to attain prestige. 24. ... because I choose to invest myself in what is important to me. 25. ... for the pleasure of learning different interesting facts. 26. ... because I would feel bad if I do not do them. 27. ... because of the pleasure I feel outdoing myself. 28. ... even though I believe they are not worth the trouble.

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2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7

Frdric Guay, Genevive A . Mageau et Robert J . V allerand

S CORING K EYS GMS -2 8

# 4, 11, 18, 25 # 6, 13, 20, 27 # 1, 8, 15, 22 # 3, 10, 17, 24 # 5, 12, 19, 26 # 2, 9, 16, 23 # 7, 14, 21, 28

Intrinsic motivation - to know Intrinsic motivation - toward accomplishment Intrinsic motivation - to experience stimulation Extrinsic motivation - identified Extrinsic motivation - introjected Extrinsic motivation - external regulation Amotivation