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SAR X5020

LIGHTING PLANNING AND DESIGN

L 2

T -

P -

Credits 2

TOTAL 100

Contact Hours: 32 UNIT I (8 Hours) INTRODUCTION TO LIGHTING Photometric quantities, standards and measurements, colorimetric quantities and systems. Production and processing of photometric data. Human and environmental factors, Visual and human factors, visual performance and its assessment. Lighting and comfort, glare. Importance of lighting in relation to health, safety and well-being. Non-visual effects of light. Lighting quality. UNIT II (8 Hours) DAYLIGHTING Benefits of Daylighting, Daylighting availability, sky models, design techniques and calculations, daylightlinked control systems. UNIT III (8 Hours) LIGHTING EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Incandescent lamps, discharge lamps, fluorescent lamps, luminaries and control gear. Conventional and electronic ballasts. Lamp and ballast as a system. Lighting control systems. LEDs, Fibre optics, new light sources and emerging lighting systems. UNIT IV (8 Hours) LIGHTING DESIGN Design objectives and criteria. Choices of lighting system, lamp and luminaries, Lighting calculations Integration of electric light and daylight, Energy conservation. Balance of performance, comfort and energy consumption Maintenance of lighting systems. Cost analysis. Lighting economics. Lighting energy codes and standards. References 1. Coaton J.R. and Marsden - A.M. Lamps and Liighting, 4 th Edition Arnold. 2. Advanced Lighting Controls:Energy Savings, Productivity, Technology and Applications Edited by Craig DiLouie 3. Gary Steffy Architectural Lighting Design UNIVERSITY EXAM QUESTION PAPER PATTERN (To be distributed uniformly among all the units) Max. Marks: 80 Exam Duration: 3 hrs. Part A: 8 questions, 2 questions from each of the FOUR units of 4 mark each without choice. (8 X 4 = 32 marks) Part B: 4 questions from each of the FOUR units with internal choice of 12 marks each (4 X 12 = 48) ( Second & Fourth Unit 80% theory & 20% problem)

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE QUESTION BANK SAR X5020 - LIGHTING PLANNING AND DESIGN UNIT- I PART A 1. Write a short note on photometric quantities and its effective measurements. 2. Briefly discuss on the human and environmental factors of lighting. 3. How does the visual and human factor affect the lighting of a space? 4. Distinguish between comfort and glare. 5. Briefly discuss on the lighting quality and how can it be measured? 6. What is the effect of the lighting design of a space on the visual performance in an office environment? 7. Write short notes on Non-visual effects of Light. 8. Define visual performance / visual efficiency. PART B 1. Explain photometric & Colorimetric quantities of light. Describe in detail the standards implemented in production and processing Photometric data. 2. Lighting of a work zone impacts an employee's performance at work space Substantiate with examples and How can it be mitigated? 3. Discuss in detail the health and safety of lighting considerations that are to be considered in a fitting out (interior) space at 8th floor of a building. 4. Explain in detail the non-visual effects of light & Qualities of light that could be adopted in an art gallery. UNIT- II PART A 1. Highlight the benefits of daylighting in an office space. Illustrate with sketches. 2. What are the measurement tools to identify and measure the daylighting of a space? 3. What are sky models? How can they be effectively used in modern buildings? 4. What are the cost benefit control systems that can be used in a Motel design? 5. Discuss briefly on the control systems that are to used in a ten storeyed building complex. 6. What are the design techniques that are to be implemented in the construction of sky models? 7. Explain the two ways of calculating daylight. 8. How do you estimate the daylight factor? 9. Define daylight factor and what are the components of daylight factor? 10. Calculate the daylight factor if the required illumination level is 300 lux and the design sky illumination is 9000 lux. PART B 1. Discuss in detail the benefits of daylighting system used in Contemporary architecture. How can they be used efficiently in modern building? 2. Describe in detail the measurement tools used to capture the daylighting availability. Write briefly on the standards that can be used to measure the availability of daylight in a library building. 3. What are sky models - effective spaces where it can be implemented? Write a detailed note on cost impact of constructing a sky model. 4. Describe in detail the different types of lighting control systems & their impact on the different spaces.

5. Determine the number of luminaries for providing 150 lux of general illuminance on tables 0.9m above floor level in an exhibition hall of size 15m x 10m x 3m having 5 bays. The reflectances of ceiling, walls and floor are 0.7, 0.5 and 0.1 respectively. The type of luminaire chosen is single lamp aluminium troffer with baffles and the maintenance condition is poor. The proposed mounting height is 2.4m. UNIT- III PART A 1. Differentiate between Incandescent & Fluorescent lamps. . 2. Write short notes on discharge lamp & its components. 3. What is a lighting ballast? Explain its efficiency in an office space. 4. Write short notes on the installation of LED's in Modern Art gallery. 5. Discuss briefly on the lighting design for libraries and list the appropriate lighting equipments that could be used in libraries. 6. In which space is Fibre optics highly recommended and what are its benefits? 7. How do you calculate the average illuminance over the horizontal working plane using lumen method? 8. Define Ballast factor and highlight its significance. 9. What is task lighting and where do you use them? 10. Compare CFL and LED coefficient of utilization. PART B 1. Describe in detail the components of Fluorescent & Incandescent lamps. 2. Elaborate on Conventional & Electronic ballasts. What are its merits and de-merits. 3. What are the new emerging lighting technologies that aim at the reduction of energy bills? Discuss its application in an Office complex. 4. Discuss in detail the lighting related prerequisites and credits in LEED rating system. 5. Elaborate the various steps involved in the design of lighting control systems. 6. What are the components of luminaires and explain luminaires efficiency? UNIT- IV PART A 1. What are the criteria that are to be considered in choosing the lamp fixtures for a crche space? 2. Write short notes on the lighting objectives that are to be considered while illuminating a Social Hub Area of a office space. 3. How do you calculate the number of lighting fixtures that are required for a room? 4. Write short notes on Energy conservation in lighting systems. 5. Explain briefly the need for combining artificial and natural lighting systems. 6. What are the advantages of daylight responsive controls in buildings? 7. Write short notes on lighting and energy standard and codes. PART B 1. Describe in detail the design objectives & criteria that are to be followed while illuminating a school complex. 2. The choice of light sources has a decisive influence on the qualities of a lighting installation. How do you select the lamp for a required lighting effect? Discuss in detail the principles involved in lamp selection. 3. Discuss in detail the design considerations that are associated with enhancing a buildings daylight utilization while achieving maximum energy efficiency.

4. Design a lighting layout for a conference room measuring 25m x 15m. Elaborate on the requirements of lighting and give details of luminaries that could be used in the layout with suitable reasons. 5. What is daylight factor protractor? Describe the method of daylight factor calculation using the daylight factor protractor. 6. Design a lighting installation for a college seminar room so that the average illuminance is 500 lux on the horizontal working plane, using the data listed below. Suggest the layout and check appropriate spacing to mounting height. a. Room dimensions: 12 m long x 8 m wide x 3.2 m high b. Working plane at 0.7 m above floor c. Reflection factors: Ceiling 70 % Walls 50 % Working plane 20 % d. Light Loss factor: 0.779 e. Luminaires: 1800 mm twin tube with opal diffuser ceiling mounted f. Downward light output ratio 36 % g. SHR MAX 1.60 : 1 h. SHR NOM 1.50 : 1 i. Dimensions : 1800 mm long x 200 mm wide j. Lamps: 1800 mm 75 W plus white k. 5800 average initial lumens per lamp l. 2 lamps per luminaire