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HGTG30N60C3D

Data Sheet December 2001

63A, 600V, UFS Series N-Channel IGBT with Anti-Parallel Hyperfast Diodes
The HGTG30N60C3D is a MOS gated high voltage switching device combining the best features of MOSFETs and bipolar transistors. The device has the high input impedance of a MOSFET and the low on-state conduction loss of a bipolar transistor. The much lower on-state voltage drop varies only moderately between 25oC and 150oC. The IGBT used is the development type TA49051. The diode used in anti-parallel with the IGBT is the development type TA49053. The IGBT is ideal for many high voltage switching applications operating at moderate frequencies where low conduction losses are essential. Formerly Developmental Type TA49014.

Features
63A, 600V at TC = 25oC Typical Fall Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230ns at TJ = 150oC Short Circuit Rating Low Conduction Loss Hyperfast Anti-Parallel Diode

Packaging
JEDEC STYLE TO-247

E C G

Ordering Information
PART NUMBER HGTG30N60C3D PACKAGE TO-247 BRAND G30N60C3D

NOTE: When ordering, use the entire part number.

Symbol
C

FAIRCHILD CORPORATION IGBT PRODUCT IS COVERED BY ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING U.S. PATENTS 4,364,073 4,598,461 4,682,195 4,803,533 4,888,627 4,417,385 4,605,948 4,684,413 4,809,045 4,890,143 4,430,792 4,620,211 4,694,313 4,809,047 4,901,127 4,443,931 4,631,564 4,717,679 4,810,665 4,904,609 4,466,176 4,639,754 4,743,952 4,823,176 4,933,740 4,516,143 4,639,762 4,783,690 4,837,606 4,963,951 4,532,534 4,641,162 4,794,432 4,860,080 4,969,027 4,587,713 4,644,637 4,801,986 4,883,767

2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

HGTG30N60C3D Rev. B

HGTG30N60C3D
Absolute Maximum Ratings
TC = 25oC, Unless Otherwise Specied HGTG30N60C3D 600 63 30 25 252 20 30 60A at 600V 208 1.67 -40 to 150 260 4 15 UNITS V A A A A V V W W/oC oC oC s s

Collector to Emitter Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .BVCES Collector Current Continuous At TC = 25oC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IC25 At TC = 110oC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IC110 Average Diode Forward Current at 110oC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I(AVG) Collector Current Pulsed (Note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ICM Gate to Emitter Voltage Continuous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VGES Gate to Emitter Voltage Pulsed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .VGEM Switching Safe Operating Area at TJ = 150oC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SSOA Power Dissipation Total at TC = 25oC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PD Power Dissipation Derating TC > 25oC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Operating and Storage Junction Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TJ, TSTG Maximum Lead Temperature for Soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TL Short Circuit Withstand Time (Note 2) at VGE = 15V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .tSC Short Circuit Withstand Time (Note 2) at VGE = 10V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . tSC

CAUTION: Stresses above those listed in Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress only rating and operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational sections of this specication is not implied.

NOTES: 1. Repetitive Rating: Pulse width limited by maximum junction temperature. 2. VCE(PK) = 360V, TJ = 125oC, RG = 25.

Electrical Specications
PARAMETER

TC = 25oC, Unless Otherwise Specied SYMBOL BVCES BVECS ICES TEST CONDITIONS IC = 250A, VGE = 0V IC = 10mA, VGE = 0V VCE = BVCES VCE = BVCES TC = 25oC TC = 150oC TC = 25oC TC = 150oC TC = 25oC MIN 600 15 3.0 VCE(PK) = 480V VCE(PK) = 600V 200 60 TYP 25 1.5 1.7 5.2 MAX 250 3.0 1.8 2.0 6.0 100 UNITS V V A mA V V V nA A A

Collector to Emitter Breakdown Voltage Emitter to Collector Breakdown Voltage Collector to Emitter Leakage Current

Collector to Emitter Saturation Voltage

VCE(SAT)

IC = IC110, VGE = 15V IC = 250A, VCE = VGE VGE = 20V TJ = 150oC, VGE = 15V, RG = 3, L = 100H

Gate to Emitter Threshold Voltage Gate to Emitter Leakage Current Switching SOA

VGE(TH) IGES SSOA

Gate to Emitter Plateau Voltage On-State Gate Charge

VGEP QG(ON)

IC = IC110, VCE = 0.5 BVCES IC = IC110, VCE = 0.5 BVCES VGE = 15V VGE = 20V

8.1 162 216 40 45 320 230 1050 2500 1.75

180 250 400 275 2.2

V nC nC ns ns ns ns J J V

Current Turn-On Delay Time Current Rise Time Current Turn-Off Delay Time Current Fall Time Turn-On Energy Turn-Off Energy (Note 3) Diode Forward Voltage

td(ON)I trI td(OFF)I tfI EON EOFF VEC

TJ = 150oC, ICE = IC110, VCE(PK) = 0.8 BVCES, VGE = 15V, RG = 3, L = 100H

IEC = 30A

2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

HGTG30N60C3D Rev. B

HGTG30N60C3D
Electrical Specications
PARAMETER Diode Reverse Recovery Time TC = 25oC, Unless Otherwise Specied SYMBOL trr TEST CONDITIONS IEC = 30A, dIEC/dt = 100A/s IEC = 1.0A, dIEC/dt = 100A/s Thermal Resistance RJC IGBT Diode NOTE: 3. Turn-Off Energy Loss (EOFF) is defined as the integral of the instantaneous power loss starting at the trailing edge of the input pulse and ending at the point where the collector current equals zero (ICE = 0A). The HGTG30N60C3D was tested per JEDEC standard No. 24-1 Method for Measurement of Power Device Turn-Off Switching Loss. This test method produces the true total Turn-Off Energy Loss. Turn-On losses include diode losses. MIN TYP 52 42 MAX 60 50 0.6 1.3 UNITS ns ns
oC/W oC/W

Typical Performance Curves


ICE, COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT (A) PULSE DURATION = 250s DUTY CYCLE <0.5%, VCE = 10V ICE, COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT (A) 150 125 100 TC = 150oC 75 TC = 25oC 50 25 0 4 6 8 10 VGE, GATE TO EMITTER VOLTAGE (V) 12 TC = -40oC 150 125 9.5V 100 75 50 7.0V 25 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 VCE , COLLECTOR TO EMITTER VOLTAGE (V) 9.0V 8.5V 8.0V 7.5V PULSE DURATION = 250s, DUTY CYCLE <0.5%, TC = 25oC VGE = 15.0V 12.0V 10.0V

FIGURE 1. TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS

FIGURE 2. SATURATION CHARACTERISTICS

ICE, COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT (A)

PULSE DURATION = 250s DUTY CYCLE <0.5%, VGE = 10V

ICE, COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT (A)

150 125 100

150 125 100 75 50 25 0 0

TC = -40oC

PULSE DURATION = 250s DUTY CYCLE <0.5% VGE = 15V

TC = 150oC TC = 25oC

TC = 25oC 75 TC = 150oC 50 25 0 0 1 2 3 4 VCE, COLLECTOR TO EMITTER VOLTAGE (V) 5

TC = -40oC

VCE, COLLECTOR TO EMITTER VOLTAGE (V)

FIGURE 3. COLLECTOR TO EMITTER ON-STATE VOLTAGE

FIGURE 4. COLLECTOR TO EMITTER ON-STATE VOLTAGE

2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

HGTG30N60C3D Rev. B

HGTG30N60C3D Typical Performance Curves


70 ICE , DC COLLECTOR CURRENT (A) VGE = 15V 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 25

(Continued)
25 500 450 20 ISC 400 350 15 300 250 10 tSC 150 5 10 100 14 VGE , GATE TO EMITTER VOLTAGE (V) 11 12 13 15 200

tSC , SHORT CIRCUIT WITHSTAND TIME (s)

VCE = 360V, RG = 25, TJ = 125oC

50

75 100 125 TC , CASE TEMPERATURE (oC)

150

FIGURE 5. MAX. DC COLLECTOR CURRENT vs CASE TEMPERATURE


200 td(ON)I , TURN-ON DELAY TIME (ns) 500 td(OFF)I , TURN-OFF DELAY TIME (ns)

FIGURE 6. SHORT CIRCUIT WITHSTAND TIME

TJ = 150oC, RG = 3, L = 100H, VCE(PK) = 480V

TJ = 150oC, RG = 3, L = 100H, VCE(PK) = 480V 400 VGE = 15V VGE = 10V 200

100 VGE = 10V 50 40 30 20 VGE = 15V

300

10 10

20

30

40

50

60

100 10

ICE , COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT (A)

50 20 30 40 ICE , COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT (A)

FIGURE 7. TURN-ON DELAY TIME vs COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT

FIGURE 8. TURN-OFF DELAY TIME vs COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT

500

TJ = 150oC, RG = 3, L = 100H, VCE(PK) = 480V

500 400

TJ = 150oC, RG = 3, L = 100H, VCE(PK) = 480V

trI , TURN-ON RISE TIME (ns)

tfI , FALL TIME (ns)

VGE = 10V 100

300 VGE = 10V 200 VGE = 15V

VGE = 15V

10 10

20 30 40 50 ICE , COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT (A)

60

100 10

20

30

40

50

60

ICE , COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT (A)

FIGURE 9. TURN-ON RISE TIME vs COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT

FIGURE 10. TURN-OFF FALL TIME vs COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT

2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

HGTG30N60C3D Rev. B

ISC, PEAK SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT (A) 60

HGTG30N60C3D Typical Performance Curves


8.0 EON , TURN-ON ENERGY LOSS (mJ) 7.0 6.0 5.0 VGE = 10V 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 VGE = 15V 0 10 20 30 40 50 60

(Continued)
6.0 EOFF , TURN-OFF ENERGY LOSS (mJ) 5.0 4.0 VGE = 10V or 15V 3.0 2.0 1.0 0 10

TJ = 150oC, RG = 3, L = 100H, VCE(PK) = 480V

TJ = 150oC, RG = 3, L = 100H, VCE(PK) = 480V

ICE , COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT (A)

20 30 40 50 ICE , COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT (A)

60

FIGURE 11. TURN-ON ENERGY LOSS vs COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT


500 fMAX , OPERATING FREQUENCY (kHz) TJ = 150oC, TC = 75oC RG = 3, L = 100H 100 VGE = 15V fMAX1 = 0.05/(tD(OFF)I + tD(ON)I) fMAX2 = (PD - PC)/(EON + EOFF) PD = ALLOWABLE DISSIPATION PC = CONDUCTION DISSIPATION (DUTY FACTOR = 50%) RJC = 0.6oC/W 1 5 10 20 30 40 ICE, COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT (A) 60 VGE = 10V

FIGURE 12. TURN-OFF ENERGY LOSS vs COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT


ICE, COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT (A) 250 TJ = 150oC, VGE = 15V, L = 100H

200

150 LIMITED BY CIRCUIT

10

100

50

0 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 VCE , COLLECTOR TO EMITTER VOLTAGE (V)

FIGURE 13. OPERATING FREQUENCY vs COLLECTOR TO EMITTER CURRENT

FIGURE 14. SWITCHING SAFE OPERATING AREA

FREQUENCY = 400kHz 7000 C, CAPACITANCE (pF) 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 COES 1000 CRES 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 VCE, COLLECTOR TO EMITTER VOLTAGE (V) CIES

VCE , COLLECTOR TO EMITTER VOLTAGE (V)

8000

600

IG (REF) = 3.54mA, RL = 20, TC = 25oC

15 VGE , GATE TO EMITTER VOLTAGE (V)

480 VCE = 600V 360

12

240

VCE = 400V VCE = 200V

120

0 0 40 80 120 QG , GATE CHARGE (nC) 160

0 200

FIGURE 15. CAPACITANCE vs COLLECTOR TO EMITTER VOLTAGE

FIGURE 16. GATE CHARGE WAVEFORMS

2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

HGTG30N60C3D Rev. B

HGTG30N60C3D Typical Performance Curves


ZJC , NORMALIZED THERMAL RESPONSE

(Continued)

100 0.5 0.2 10-1 0.1 0.05 0.02 0.01 10-2 10-5 SINGLE PULSE DUTY FACTOR, D = t1 / t2 PEAK TJ = (PD X ZJC X RJC) + TC 10-3 10-2 10-1 101 PD t2 t1

10-4

100

t1 , RECTANGULAR PULSE DURATION (s)

FIGURE 17. IGBT NORMALIZED TRANSIENT THERMAL IMPEDANCE, JUNCTION TO CASE


200 60 TC = 25oC, dIEC/dt = 100A/s IEC , FORWARD CURRENT (A) 50 tr , RECOVERY TIMES (ns)

trr
40 30 20 10 0

100oC 10

ta tb

150oC 1 0

25oC

0.5

1.0 1.5 2.0 VEC , FORWARD VOLTAGE (V)

2.5

3.0

5 10 IEC , FORWARD CURRENT (A)

30

FIGURE 18. DIODE FORWARD CURRENT vs FORWARD VOLTAGE DROP

FIGURE 19. RECOVERY TIMES vs FORWARD CURRENT

Test Circuit and Waveforms

L = 100H RHRP3060 VGE

90% 10% EOFF EON

RG = 3 +

VCE 90% VDD = 480V ICE 10% td(OFF)I tfI trI td(ON)I

FIGURE 20. INDUCTIVE SWITCHING TEST CIRCUIT

FIGURE 21. SWITCHING TEST WAVEFORMS

2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

HGTG30N60C3D Rev. B

HGTG30N60C3D Handling Precautions for IGBTs


Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors are susceptible to gateinsulation damage by the electrostatic discharge of energy through the devices. When handling these devices, care should be exercised to assure that the static charge built in the handlers body capacitance is not discharged through the device. With proper handling and application procedures, however, IGBTs are currently being extensively used in production by numerous equipment manufacturers in military, industrial and consumer applications, with virtually no damage problems due to electrostatic discharge. IGBTs can be handled safely if the following basic precautions are taken: 1. Prior to assembly into a circuit, all leads should be kept shorted together either by the use of metal shorting springs or by the insertion into conductive material such as ECCOSORBD LD26 or equivalent. 2. When devices are removed by hand from their carriers, the hand being used should be grounded by any suitable means - for example, with a metallic wristband. 3. Tips of soldering irons should be grounded. 4. Devices should never be inserted into or removed from circuits with power on. 5. Gate Voltage Rating - Never exceed the gate-voltage rating of VGEM. Exceeding the rated VGE can result in permanent damage to the oxide layer in the gate region. 6. Gate Termination - The gates of these devices are essentially capacitors. Circuits that leave the gate open-circuited or oating should be avoided. These conditions can result in turn-on of the device due to voltage buildup on the input capacitor due to leakage currents or pickup. 7. Gate Protection - These devices do not have an internal monolithic zener diode from gate to emitter. If gate protection is required an external zener is recommended.

Operating Frequency Information


Operating frequency information for a typical device (Figure 13) is presented as a guide for estimating device performance for a specic application. Other typical frequency vs collector current (ICE) plots are possible using the information shown for a typical unit in Figures 4, 7, 8, 11 and 12. The operating frequency plot (Figure 13) of a typical device shows fMAX1 or fMAX2 whichever is smaller at each point. The information is based on measurements of a typical device and is bounded by the maximum rated junction temperature. fMAX1 is dened by fMAX1 = 0.05/(tD(OFF)I + tD(ON)I). Deadtime (the denominator) has been arbitrarily held to 10% of the on-state time for a 50% duty factor. Other denitions are possible. tD(OFF)I and tD(ON)I are dened in Figure 21. Device turn-off delay can establish an additional frequency limiting condition for an application other than TJM. tD(OFF)I is important when controlling output ripple under a lightly loaded condition. fMAX2 is dened by fMAX2 = (PD - PC)/(EOFF + EON). The allowable dissipation (PD) is dened by PD = (TJM - TC)/RJC. The sum of device switching and conduction losses must not exceed PD . A 50% duty factor was used (Figure 13) and the conduction losses (PC) are approximated by PC = (VCE x ICE)/2. EON and EOFF are dened in the switching waveforms shown in Figure 21. EON is the integral of the instantaneous power loss (ICE x VCE) during turn-on and EOFF is the integral of the instantaneous power loss during turn-off. All tail losses are included in the calculation for EOFF; i.e. the collector current equals zero (ICE = 0).

2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

HGTG30N60C3D Rev. B

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Preliminary

First Production

No Identification Needed

Full Production

Obsolete

Not In Production

This datasheet contains specifications on a product that has been discontinued by Fairchild semiconductor. The datasheet is printed for reference information only.

Rev. H4