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BSICO.

UNIDAD 10

UNIT 10. PLANS


MISCELLANEA
Diferentes formas de ofrecer y pedir ayuda

1. A continuacin le presentamos una serie de situaciones en las que alguien pide u ofrece ayuda. Escoge la opcin que te parezca correcta (en algunos casos hay ms de una opcin).
1. A: I can't carry this case. It's too heavy for me. B: Don't worry. I a. could help you b. may help you carry it. c. will help you

2.

A: I must hand in a project at school but my typewriter doesn't work. B: If you like, I a. can b. will type it for you. c. would

3.

A: I've just got a call saying that my mother's in hospital. I must leave right now. B: a. Will I b. May I give you a lift to the hospital? c. Shall I

TEXT. FORMAS DE EXPRESAR EL FUTURO


Para hablar sobre el futuro podemos utilizar diferentes formas verbales dependiendo del matiz que se quiera expresar. Estas formas que expresan ideas distintas sobre el futuro son:

Going to
Afirmacin I am going to work You are going to work He is going to work She is going to work It is going to work We are going to work You are going to work They are going to work Negacin I am not going to work You are not going to work He is not going to work She is not going to work It is not going to work We are not going to work You are not going to work They are not going to work Interrogacin Am I going to work? Are you going to work? Is he going to work? Is she going to work? Is it going to work? Are we going to work? Are you going to work? Are they going to work?

Utilizaremos la forma going to cuando hablamos de acciones futuras sobre las cuales ya hemos pensado con antelacin.

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Ejemplo: When he finishes his studies at university, he's going to travel around the world.

El hecho de usar going to indica que esta persona ha decidido con anterioridad lo que quiere hacer al acabar sus estudios. Por otra parte, esta forma verbal tambin expresa una prediccin sobre el futuro basada en hechos actuales: Ejemplo: Stop playing with that lighter! You're going to burn your fingers.

El hecho de 'jugar con el encendedor' es la base para predecir 'te vas a quemar los dedos'. Este uso del going to tambien es conocido como el futuro inmediato.

Will

Este es un verbo modal; no tiene significado en s mismo pero indica que el verbo que le sigue est en futuro. Will ms el infinitivo de otro verbo a continuacin forman el Future with will. Affirmative I will/shall work (I'll) You will work He will work (he'll) She will work (she'll) it will work (it'll) We will /Shall work (we'll) You will work (you'll) They will work (they'll) Negative I will / shall not work (won't/ shan't) You (you'll) will not work (won't) He will not work (won't) She will not work (won't) It will not work (won't) We will /shall not work (won't/shant) You will not work (won't) They will not work (won't) Interrogative Will / shall I work? Will you work? Will he work? Will she work? Will it work? Will /shall we work? Will you work? Will they work?

Igual que el going to el futuro simple tambin expresa una intencin futura; en este caso la decisin se toma en el momento de hablar; no es una intencin ya meditada. Ejemplo: - Oh dear, I left my keys at the office. How can I get into the house? - I know! I'll get in through the kitchen window. La decisin de entrar en la casa por la ventana no es premeditada sino improvisada. El will tambin expresa predicciones sobre el futuro en trminos generales y normalmente sin ninguna base en el presente. Normalmente va precedido de una serie de verbos como: think Ejemplos: suppose hope be sure expect guess

Where will people live in the 22nd century? I hope my children will be intelligent and good-looking. We don't think we'll win the match; we aren't as good as the other team.

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The Present Continuous Tense

Este tiempo verbal se utiliza como futuro para hablar de aquellas acciones futuras que ya han sido preparadas y decididas con antelacin. En cierto sentido es muy parecido al futuro de going to y pueden intercambiarse en muchos casos. Affirmative I am(I'm)working you are (you're)working he is (he's)working she is (she's)working it is (it's ) working we are (we're) working you are (you're)working they are (they're) working Ejemplo: Interrogative am I working? are you working? is he working? is she working? is it working? are we working? are you working? are they working? Negative I am (I'm) not working you are not (aren't) working he is not (isn't) working she is not (isn't) working it is not (isn't) working we are not (aren't) working you are not (aren't) working they are not (aren't) working

I'm not coming to the excursion on Sunday. I'm working.

En el ejemplo ms que expresar nuestra intencin, estamos indicando lo que ya est dispuesto o preparado para el domingo.

2. Listening. Lidia has to travel. Escucha la conversacin entre Lidia y su marido, James, y responde a las siguientes preguntas.
1. Where is Lidia flying to?

2.

How will Cris feel?

3.

Are they going to cancel their holiday?

4.

What is James going to do?

5.

What is Lidia going to do?

6.

What did Lidia nearly forget?

3. True/False. Vuelve a reproducir el listening y marca qu afirmaciones son verdaderas y cules falsas. Corrige las errneas.
1. Lidia has got some good news to tell her husband. T / F

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2. Shes flying to Sydney on Monday. T / F

3.

Cris doesnt want her husband to cancel their holiday. T / F

4.

James thinks they wont get their money back if they cancel their holiday. T / F

5.

Lidia is going to prepare a special dinner tonight. T / F

6.

Its Jamess mothers birthday. T / F

Ahora puedes leer la conversacin para comprobar tus respuestas.


Lidia: Im afraid I have some bad news to tell you. James: I suppose its something to do with your job, isnt it? Lidia: Exactly. Im flying to Sydney next Sunday. The company needs me for the Tour Operators Conference. James: So, were going to have to cancel our holiday in Disneyworld, arent we? Cris will get very upset when she finds out and she will never forgive us, if we dont go, will she? Lidia: Well, you dont have to miss your holiday. Why dont the two of you go and Ill join you the second week. You know it took us a long time to plan and arrange everything for this trip. And it would be a pity to not to go now. And youre absolutely right: Cris would never forgive us! James: Yes, and besides, its too late for cancellations. Im sure we wouldnt have our money refunded anyway, would we? Lidia: Honey, you can make dinner for us tonight, cant you? Im going to look at the conference programme and make all the necessary arrangements for the trip. Theres a lot to do and Ive got very little time. James: Dont worry, Ill see to the dinner today. Ill prepare some spaghetti bolognese. You bought some pasta this morning, didnt you? Lidia: Oh, I forgot! Its Mums birthday and shes invited us for lunch next Saturday. We have to buy her a present. You can take care of that too, cant you? James: Oh, all right! Lidia: Thanks ever so much. I do love you!

VOCABULARY
Sufijos para crear nuevo vocabulario

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A continuacin presentamos una serie de sufijos para formar sustantivos, adjetivos y verbos. -al, -en, -ance, -ition, -er, -ist, -ize, -ment, -ous, -less, -ive, - ness, -ify Sustantivos: ____, ____, ____, ____, ____, ____. Verbos: Adjetivos: ____, ____, ____, ____, ____, ____, ____,

4. Puedes completar las siguientes palabras anteriores? Usa el diccionario si lo necesitas.


1. verbal____ 5. compete_____ 9. work____ 13. danger____ 2. industrial_____ 6. short____ 10. solid________ 3. care_____ 7. assist________ 11. happy____

con

uno

de

los

sufijos

4. act_____ 8. motor____ 12. govern_______

5. Podras traducir las palabras anteriores y las palabras derivadas?


1. Verbo__________ Verbal_________ _______________ _____________ _______________ _____________ 2. _______________ _____________ _______________ _____________ 3. _______________ _____________ _______________ _____________ 4. _______________ _____________ _______________ _____________

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10. _______________ _____________

11. _______________ _____________

12. _______________ _____________

13. _______________ _____________

Acantilado Afluente

Geografa
Cliff Tributary Height above sea level Archipelago Stream, Brook Atlas Bay Cape Canal Waterfall Flow Sky Crculo polar Clima Colina Colina Continente Costa Delta Desembocadura Desfiladero Desierto Duna Ecuador Estanque Polar circle Climate Hill Hill Continent Coast Delta Mouth Narrow pass Desert Dune Equator Pond Estrecho Estuario Fiordo Geografa Geologa Golfo Hidrografa Iceberg Isla Jungla Ladera Lago Latitud Strait Estuary Fiord Geography Geology Gulf Hydrography Iceberg Island Jungle Slope Lake Latitude

Altura sobre el nivel del mar Archipilago Arroyo Atlas Baha Cabo Canal Cascada Caudal Cielo

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Litoral Llanura Longitud Manantial Mapa Mar Meandro Meridiano Meseta Meteorologa Montaoso Monte Mundo Oasis Ocano Oceanografa

Littoral ; Coast ; Shore Plain Longitude Spring Map Sea Meander Meridian Tableland Meteorology Hilly Mount World Oasis Ocean Oceanography

Orografa Paisaje Pantano(natural) Paralelo Pennsula Peon ; Roca Playa Polo Norte Polo Sur Pradera (pequea) Pradera(grande) Precipicio Puerto Puntos cardinales Relieve

Orography Landscape Marsh Parallel Peninsula Rock Beach ; Shore North pole South pole Meadow Prairie Precipice Port,Harbour Cardinal points Relief

Ria Riachuelo ; Arroyo Rio Sabana Selva virgen Tierra Tierra ; Suelo Torrente Tropico de Cancer Tropico de Capricornio Valle Vegetacin Volcn

Estuary Stream River Savannah Virgin forest Earth Soil Torrent Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Capricorn Valley Vegetation Volcano

SELF-EVALUATION EXERCISES
6. Completa el siguiente texto con la forma apropiada (sustantivo, adjetivo, etc.) de la palabra que aparece en maysculas.

1. 2.

When I was a child I always wanted to be a At school my teachers said that I was good at very (IMAGINE) boy.

(SCIENCE). (CHEMIST). Besides, I was a

3.

I used to think that I would discover a keep people always young and

(WONDER) drug that would (ATTRACT). (PRODUCE) for

4.

So, a few years later, I decided to start working first on a bald people.

5. 6.

After some months of I obtained a for a month.

(INVESTIGATE). (CREAM) substance, which I spread all over my arms DAY

7. 8.

After this time and to my

(DISAPPOINT) nothing happened.

I concluded that being a _________ (SCIENCE) was a hard chore and many times you didnt get the result you expected. And that was the end of my career as a scientist.

7. Coloca las palabras en orden para que las oraciones tengan sentido.

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1. finish / at / travel / am / abroad / when / to / I / my / I / university / studies / going

2.

by / you / plane / Amsterdam / travelling / are / or / to / train

3.

any / not / does / languages / he / foreign / Mike / speak / does

4.

you / as / I / to / get / soon / phone / will / airport / as / the / I

5.

book / much / I / history / am / do / reading / I / very / like / about / it / but / not / a

8. Lee los planes de Mark para la primera semana de enero.

9. Ahora completa la siguiente conversacin usando informacin del diario.


1. Julie: Darling, you know that tomorrow were going for lunch with mom and dad. Are we going to do anything else? Mark:

2.

Steve: Hi, Mark. This is Steve. Are you coming to the dart competition at the Red Lion? Mark: Well, Id like to but

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3. Julie: Honey, you know its your mums birthday on Thursday, dont you? What are you going to give her as a birthday present? Mark: I cant make up my mind really. I know! a French perfume. 4. Jimmy: Hi, Mark. How are you? I havent seen you for ages! Do you fancy a bike ride on Saturday morning, as in the old times? Mark: Im afraid I

but how about the next Saturday?

OPEN EXERCISES EVALUATION


10. Marca la opcin correcta.
1. Ive bought some warm clothes because (Im going to spend / Ill spend) a few days in the French Alps next November. 2. Sam has just got back from hospital Really? (Ill give / Im going to give) him a ring 3. 4. What are (you doing / are you going to do) tonight? Shall we go for a picnic at the weekend? Good idea! I (am going to bring / Ill bring) a Spanish omelette. 5. 6. 7. Why (are you putting / do you put on) your jacket? Im shopping / Im going shopping. I havent got enough money to get the bus. (Ill lend / Im going to lend) you some, if you like. 8. (I dont work / Im not working) tomorrow morning. I have an appointment at the dentists.

11. Ahora traduce las frases anteriores.


1.

2.

3.

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4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

12. Responde con la forma larga a las siguientes preguntas sobre tus planes futuros.
1. What are you doing on Tuesday morning?

2.

Are you playing any sports during the week? When?

3.

Are you free on Saturday afternoon?

4.

Can we meet on Thursday evening?

5.

Are you going out during the week? When? Where?

6.

Are you meeting anybody?

7.

Whats happening on Monday?

8.

What are your plans for the weekend?

9.

Where are you going on Friday night?

10. Which day is the busiest? Why?

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