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N Company Thermal Application Training Material

Training Material for Indian N Company Thermal Equipment and Application

GUODIAN CHENGDU JINTANG POWER CO., LTD.

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CONTENT

CHAPTER 1 OVERVIEW OF THERMAL PROCESS AUTOMATION OF POWER PLANT


1. O VERVIEW ..................................................................................................... 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4

Automatic Detection .................................................................................. Automatic Adjustment ................................................................................ Automatic Protection ................................................................................................................ 4 Sequence Control System (SCS) ............................................................................................... 4

2. BASIC CONCEPTS OR EQUIPMENT .............................................................................................. 4 3. THERMAL DETECTION AND CONTROL EQUIPMENT ........................................................... 6 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5

Instrumentation (Or Detecting Elements) ..................................................................... 6


Transducer .................................................................................................................................. 6 Display Instrument .................................................................................................................... 6 Regulator .................................................................................................................................... 7 Actuator ...................................................................................................................................... 7

4. AUTOMATIC FUNCTION CLASSIFICATION AND I NTERLOCK P ROTECTION TEST RULES FOR

LARGE THERMAL POWER UNITS .................................................................


4.1 4.2 4.3

Classification, purpose and task distribution of interlock protection Test methods for interlock protection ...................................................................................... 8 Confirmation of the test result of interlock protection ........................

CHAPTER 2 DISTRIBUTED CONTROL SYSTEMS (DCS) ............................10


SECTION H ARDWARE S TRUCTURE OF DCS ............................................................................... 10 SECTION . T HE B ASIC STRUCTURE OF DCS ..............................................................................11

CHAPTER 3 FURNACE SAFEGUARD SUPERVISION SYSTEM (FSSS) 13


1 THE S YSTEM COMPOSITION OF FSSS ........................................................................................ 13 2 M AIN FUNCTIONS .......................................................................................................................... 13

CHAPTER 4

MCS CONTROL ........................................................................................22

SECTIONCOORDINATED CONTROL OF BOILER-TURBINE .......................................................... 22 SECTION FURNACE DRAFT CONTROL ......................................................... 5 SECTION OTHER CONTROLS ON FURNACE SIDE ........................................................................ 26 SECTION BOILER FEED CONTROL ................................................................................................ 28
1Calculation on feed water quantity ................................................................................................... 2Control on feed water flow ................................................................................................................ 28 30

SECTION SUPERHEATED STEAM TEMPERATURE CONTROL ...................................................... 30 SECTION OTHER CONTROLS ON PUSHER SIDE .......................................................................... 31

CHAPTER 5

SCS CONTROL ..........................................................................................35

1.1BOILER BREATHING AIR SYSTEM ...................................................................................................... 35 1.2BOILER CIRCUIT PART ...................................................................................................................... 46

CHAPTER SIX INTRODUCTION OF THERMAL REGULATOR PID AND SAMA FIGURE


.....................................................................................................................................................................70
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1 PID FIGURE ..................................................................................................................................... 70 2SAMA FIGURE .................................................................................................................................. 77

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Chapter 1 Overview of Thermal Process Automation of Power Plant

1. Overview:
Thermal process automation of power plant includes the following items: 1. 1 Automatic Detection Automatic inspection, measurement and supervision of various physical & chemical quantities which reflect operation conditions in the process of production and the working condition of production equipment are referred to as automatic detection. The purpose of automatic detection is to supervise the production process and inspect the operation effect. The detection parameters of thermal power units include thermal parameters such as temperature, pressure, differential pressure, flow, water level, flue gas oxygen content and mechanical parameters such as rotating speed, axial displacement and vibration. The thermal parameters and mechanical parameters to be detected will be transformed into their corresponding electric quantities. These electric quantities will be delivered to display instruments so as to show the corresponding detected parameters. The common display instruments include all kinds of indicators, recorders and data loggers, etc. The display modes include pointer display, digital display, recording curve and totalizer, etc. In recent years, large and medium-sized thermal power units adopt distributed control system(DCS), or in other words, computers will automatically detect all the detected measured parameters, show various parameters and equipment working conditions on CRT screen and print out by printers, which means that the data acquisition system(DAS) is actualized by DCS. 1.2 Automatic Adjustment When the production process encounters external disturbances, the operating conditions will changes consequently and the process parameters will deviate from the set value, which will influence the product quality and output and even result in unsafe product. Necessary work must be down immediately to offset the effects of disturbances and turn the production process back to normal working condition, which is called adjustment. The adjustment directly performed by human is referred to as manual adjustment and by automatic devices without directly personal participation is referred to as automatic adjustment. Automatic adjustment mainly includes the following systems: coordinate control system (CCS) and automatic adjustment systems of feedwater, fuel, air supply, air induction, coal pulverizing, superheated and reheated steam temperature, rotating speed, steam seal and steam pressure, bypass system and condenser water level, etc. 1.3 Automatic Protection During production, if some process parameters exceeding a certain value, they will influence production or even cause an accident. When changes happen unexpectedly to the equipment working condition or some parameters exceed the permissible value, emergency measures must be taken to protect the production equipment from serious destruction and prevent further accident, which is referred to as automatic protection. Automatic protection has the following main measures: (1) Cut off energy automatically: discontinue the supply of power, gas, steam and fuel.
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(2) Discharge the stored energy automatically, e.g. open the boiler safety valves and the coal pulverized explosion door. (3) Limit the open degree of various regulating valves and dampers. (4) Interlock: it is a protection procedure when abnormal situations or incorrect operation occur. For example, when some equipment fails, the interlock system will make the relevant equipment out of service in preset order. If the order is wrong or some equipment is missed, further accident or equipment destruction will happen. Automatic protection of the boiler mainly includes the following items: flameout protection in furnace, automatic protection of high & low water level and of overtemperature & overpressure, and interlock protection under accident conditions, etc. Automatic protection of the turbine mainly includes the following items: overspeed protection, oil failure trip, low vacuum protection, axial displacement protection, differential expansion protection and vibration protection, etc. 1.4 Sequence Control System (SCS) Sequence control system is a series of automatic operations on the production equipment and process according to the preset steps and conditions, with no human interference for the switch among different operating steps. Sequence control system is also referred to as program control. Sequence control system of the boiler mainly includes the following items: boiler ignition, boiler soot-blowing, start-stop of FD fan, ID fan and milling system, and operation of water treatment equipment, etc. Sequence control system of the turbine is mainly refers to its automatic start-up and stop.

2. Basic Concepts or Equipment


Analogue value: it is a physical quantity that changes continuously with time. Its characteristics can be quantitatively described by numerical values, such as the drum water level and the main steam pressure. The site signal of 420mA will turn into the required analogue value through measuring range transformation. Switching value: it is a physical quantity expressed by status that changes discretely with time, such as the start-up & stop of equipment and open & close of valves. It is usually expressed by 0 and 1 in DCS. Digital quantity: it is a physical quantity which can be expressed by numerical value. It changes discretely rather than continuously with time, such as the accumulation of electricity quantity and water consumption. The pulse signal will be transformed into accumulated value, etc. On-line modification: it is the modification performed without interrupting the corresponding control equipment. Off-line working refers to the corresponding control equipment must be transformed from the normal operation mode to another working mode so as to carry out system test and modification. Closed loop control means that the control process have the function of control, feedback and deviation adjustment. The closed loop control can generally achieve zero deviation between control objectives and actual results, such as pressure adjustment and water level adjustment. Open loop application means that the process is lack of mutual exchange. It is generally to transmit a single-direction data or instruction of equipment, such as input signal system, CRT display and printout. I/O is the short form for input and output. Man-machine interface is the equipment to provide intercourse between human and control system. It usually
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includes CRT, keyboard and application software, etc. Thermal Resistance (RTO): it is mainly applied in coil temperature in generator and the main important auxiliary motor and the temperature measuring points of low temperature range. According to different structure, thermal resistances can be classified into assembled thermal resistance and armoured thermal resistance. Thermal resistances are common temperature elements with measured temperature less than 150 in general. They are temperature sensing elements made of metallic conductors or semiconductors whose resistance has a certain functional relationship with temperature. The common thermal resistances are copper thermoresistances such as CU50 and platinum thermoresistances such as Pt100. DC or AC balanced or unbalanced bridge system is the most common circuit to convert and output the thermal resistance signals. There are two types of resistance connection: doublewire connection and three-wire connection. In order to reduce the influence of ambient temperature on measurement, three-wire connection is adopted in the thermal resistance in units of Project . Or in other words, the thermal resistance has three lead-out wires among which one is separately connected with bridge source, therefore, the measuring errors resulted from wire resistance changes between the thermocouple wire holder and the temperature measurement channel under changing ambient temperature can be greatly reduced. Thermocouple (T/C): according to temperature measuring range and graduation mark, thermocouples are mainly classified into two types, i.e., E type and K type. They can also be mainly classified into the first-class and the second-class thermocouples according to thermocouple classes. The thermocouples mainly used for measuring the main important temperature parameters and un-separable thermocouples (such as the metal wall temperature) belong to the first-class thermocouples and the others belong to the second-class thermocouples. The allowable error for the first-class thermocouples is 0.4% and 0.75% for the second-class thermocouples. According to the number of paired thermocouple wires, thermocouples can be classified into single thermocouple and twin thermocouple. Thermocouples are the most common temperature elements and are generally employed to measure the temperature above 500. Thermocouples are usually adopted to measure fluid medium temperature and object surface temperature because of their good repeatability and stability, low cost, small size and low heat inertia. The working principles of thermocouples are as following: two wires or wire group of different materials are to form a closed circuit, and potential (i.e., thermoelectric effect) will be generated when different temperatures exist in the two contacts. Thermoelectric power is only related to thermode material and temperatures at both sides, having nothing to do with thermode length and diameter. The material of Ni-Cr- constantan (-40~800) is employed for the thermocouples of E type and Ni-Cr -Ni-Si (-40 ~ 1000) for the thermocouples of K type. The standard thermocouples used for calibration adopt the material of platinum-rhodium10-platinum (0~1600) of S type. Thermocouple extension wire (i.e. compensating lead wire) is connecting wire of a certain thermoelectric properties and used to extend the cold end of thermocouples to a place with constant temperature. Thermocouple measurement of units of Project is carried out by sending the thermocouple signals to the analog input of DCS through compensating lead wire, with temperature at the cold end compensated by thermistor. TSI refers to turbine supervision instrument system. TSI will continuously supervise
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the running status

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parameters of the mainframe and its important auxiliaries so as to ensure safe operation of the unit. The output of TSI will simultaneously be sent to the recorders for recording and to DCS for real-time status monitoring. Some signals such as horizontal & vertical vibration and axial displacement of the mainframes #1~#10 bearings are involved in the trip protection of the main turbine. Instrument precision: the main important transducer is generally required of a precision class of 0.5, namely, 0.5%. For example, when the measuring range of the main steam temperature is 0 ~ 600 , precision class of 0.5 means that the absolute error is 6000.5% =3.

3. Thermal Detection and Control Equipment


3.1 Instrumentation (Or Detecting Elements) Instrumentation is directly connected to the tested objects so as to feel the change of the parameters to be tested and transform the tested parameters into the corresponding signals for output. For example, thermocouples or thermoresistances will transform temperature into the corresponding electricity, potential or resistance; throttling devices will transform flow rate into differential pressure; double-chamber balancing vessels will transform the drum water level into differential pressure. 3.2 Transducer The temperature transducer will transform the potential or resistance that reflects temperature into the corresponding electricity signals. The pressure- or differential pressure-transducer will transform pressure or differential pressure(including differential pressure signals of flow rate and water level) into DC current signal of 4~20mA. 3.3 Display Instrument Display instrument will accept the output signals respectively from thermocouples, thermoresistances or transducers and display the tested parameters for observation. Display instrument include the indicating or recording instrument of analogue value or digital quantity such as moving coil instrument, electronic potentiometer, electronic balanced bridge and digital display instrument. These conventional display instruments have been displaced by computer for large- and medium-scale thermal power units. 3.4 Regulator Regulator has the role of brain in the automatic control system. It will accept the output signals from instrumentation or transducer to compare with the set value, calculate the deviation according to preset program and control actuators according to the calculation results so as to make various adjusted parameters conform to the requirements of production process. According to different kinds of energy used, regulators can be classified into pneumatic, electric and hydraulic regulators. According to different structures and functions, regulators can be classified into self-operated regulators, simple type electric regulators, base type regulators, unit combination instrument, packaged card regulating instrument, programmable regulators, distributed control system (DCS), and so on. Among control equipment, regulators are the most rapidly renewing, the fastest and greatest changing products.

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3.5 Actuator Actuators will accept the output signals from regulators and transform them into angular displacement or linear displacement to drive the regulating mechanism, and alter the open degree of regulating valves or dampers to control regulating variable so as to make the production process meet the requirements. Like human hands and feet, actuators will act to replace human operation. According to different kinds of energy used, actuators can be classified into pneumatic actuators, electric actuators and hydraulic actuators. The three types of actuators have their own advantages and disadvantages. Electric actuators are more commonly used. In recent years, thermal power units of 300MW and above mostly adopt the imported actuators of excellent performance such as the Rotork electric actuators manufactured by England Rotork Controls Co., Ltd. and the RHA electric actuators manufactured by German Hartmann & Braun Company.

4. Automatic Function Classification and Interlock Protection Test Rules for Large Thermal Power Units
The control system of thermal power units mainly includes data acquisition system (DAS), unit coordinate control system (CCS), boiler furnace safeguard supervision system (FSSS), auxiliary sequential control system (SCS), turbine digital electro hydraulic control system (DEH), turbine bypass control system (BPCS ), Micro electro-hydraulic control system(MEH), turbine supervision instrument(TSI), deashing and deslagging control system, sootblowing control system, water treatment control system, and so on.

4. 1 Classification, purpose and task distribution of interlock protection Classification of interlock protection Interlock protection can be classified into equipment protection and equipment interlock switch. According to different source of signaling, equipment protection can be classified into the equipment protection with signal from DCS and the equipment protection with signal sent by other thermal sources to the hard-wired circuit of electric circuit. Equipment interlock is to be switched to DCS interlock circuit. Test purpose: to confirm the action correctness of thermal interlock protection circuit, including that of signal primary circuit and interlock protection. Task distribution of the test The thermal workers shall take the responsibility to inspect relevant thermal equipment and to force, simulate and restore thermal signals, etc. The operating personnel shall be in charge of site inspection of equipment and operation of electric switch and OPR which are involved in the test. The thermal workers, relay protection personnel and operating personnel shall together confirm the testing results. Relevant parties taking part in the test shall record the operation process. 4.2 Test methods for interlock protection Signal simulation In principle, physical test methods shall be adopted for local primary elements around the signal
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source to protect signals. For example, the methods of water feeding and water drain shall be adopted to protect the boiler steam drum water level, and the simulation method of shortening signals is prohibited; field water feeding shall be adopted for protection of HP heater water level; heating, pressurizing, water injection, water discharge and oil drainage shall be adopted to protect the oil pump stopped due to low pressure of steam turbine lubricating oil. When it is difficult to adopt physical test methods on site, the test conditions of measuring equipment can be simulated on site only after the measuring equipment is precisely calibrated. For switching signals passing through DCS transformed by analog value, when it is difficult to adopt physical test methods on site, it shall, in principle, be simulated by signal generator around the on-site transducers. If it is still difficult, it can be simulated according to the following means: adding analog signals to electric room or engineer station and inspecting through OPR the action status of switching value and the set value of the corresponding analog value. The switching signals sent directly by the on-site signal switches can be simulated by shortening the on-site signal switches. Transmission Test Remotely manual breaking-closing operation of test equipment shall be finished (through OPR) and confirmed before the test. For transmission test of electrical equipment of 6kV, the switch shall be positioned at test . For transmission test of electrical equipment of 380V, if the switches are arranged with test position, they shall be positioned at test , otherwise they shall be positioned at work to put equipment into service if conditions permit. For transmission test for the same equipment, at least one transmission test to the primary equipment such as electric switches shall be performed. Other transmission test shall be performed till the action of the outlet signals. 4.3 Confirmation of the test result of interlock protection Hard-wired circuit test Prior to the test, relevant equipment shall be put into service as required. During hard-wired circuit test, if DCS soft-wired circuit of the same role existed, it shall be guaranteed that the DCS circuit has no impact on the test; otherwise, the relevant DCS circuit shall be forced and recorded. After signal simulation, the relevant signals such as the conditions of the field equipment, luminescent letters (including local visual annunciator), the relevant panel board light, OPR status and print record shall be confirmed and recorded truthfully. Interlock protection test Protection test of mainframe(refers to Thermal Protection of Mainframe) Protection test of auxiliaries 1) Prior to the test, the relevant equipment shall be inspected as required. 2) The running status of the system shall be adjusted by operating personnel to meet the test requirements; if failed, the relevant signals shall be forced and recorded by thermal workers.
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3) The startup condition without prohibition shall be checked through OPR. 4)The test equipment shall be put into service as required by operating personnel. 5) The interlock protection signals shall be simulated as required by thermal workers; the signals shall be sent by local test devices, if any. 6) For the same equipment, at least one transmission test to the primary elements such as electric switches shall be conducted; protection of other equipment can be finished by inspecting the relevant protection action signals shown on OPR and judged according to the printed record. 7) After finishing one protection signal simulation test, the next signal simulation test cannot be continued until the signal is timely restored and the signal on OPR and in printed record is confirmed. Interlock and Switch Test of Equipment 1) If the equipment involved in the test is required to be in actual running status, the inspection prior to the test shall be performed according to the relevant requirements for normal startup and stop. 2) The main equipment shall be put into service through OPR as required and the standby equipment shall be confirmed to be in normal standby status. 3) The equipment interlock shall be switched to automatic mode through OPR. 4) The main operation equipment shall be out of service, the self-starting condition of standby equipment shall be inspected, and the flashed yellow light at the control window of OPR operation equipment and the alarm condition of the luminescent letters shall be checked. 5) The simulation of thermal interlock signals and the self-starting examination of standby equipment shall be carried out by thermal workers. 6) The simulation of thermal interlock signals and the self-stopping examination of standby equipment (if any self-stopping function is designed) shall be carried out by thermal workers. Valve Interlock Test 1) Prior to the test, it shall be guaranteed that the valves on OPR can be opened and closed. 2) Relevant interlocks shall be put into service. 3) The interlock signals shall be simulated by thermal maintenance personnel. 4) The action conditions of the relevant valves shall be inspected. Alarm Circuit Test The alarm signal shall be simulated by thermal maintenance personnel and the availability of the alarm signal on OPR, DEH and local screen shall be confirmed. After the Test: 1) The test date, result and people involved in the thermal interlock protection test shall be truthfully recorded. 2) After the test, the system equipment and the forced & simulated circuit signals as required by the test shall be timely restored and well recorded by relevant people.

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Chapter 2 Distributed Control Systems (DCS)

Distributed control system is total distributed control system based on microprocessor. It is known as total distributed control system, and also known as distributed computer control system. In its early stage, distributed control system is chiefly to achieve distributed control; therefore, it is called distributed control system (DCS for short) by foreign countries. Its main features are centralized management and distributed control.

2.1 Hardware Structure of DCS


. The Layer Structure of DCS According to longitudinal distribution, DCS structure can be divided into four classes with typical functions, namely, process control class, process management class, production management class and administration & management class. Please refer to the following figures.

1. Process Control Class Process control class is connected downwards with various kinds of filed equipment (such as detection instrument, transducer and actuator) and is connected upwards with its second class (i.e. process management class). Process control class has the following main functions: 1) Data acquisition and processing. 2) To achieve real-time process control, including analog closed loop control and logic sequence control. 2. Process Management Class Process management class mainly includes operator station and engineer station. Its main function is to achieve centralized monitoring, operation, control circuit configuration and parameter modification. The operator station is to supervise and operate while the engineer station is used for configuration and
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maintenance. 3. Production Management Class The management computer at this class will programme product structure & scale for each unit according to user's order, inventory situation and energy conditions. Besides, it will optimize control, dispatch production plans and coordinate various departments. 4. Administration and Management Class Located in the highest layer among the plant automation system, administration and management class is responsible for administrating the whole plant, including engineering, economy, business affairs, operating activities, personnel management, and so on. Not all the DCS is required of the above four functional layers. For the application of specific DCS, the majority DCS of medium and small scale only possesses the first layer and the second layer, with the third layer rarely applied. The complete four layers will only be applied in control system of large scale.

2.2 The Basic Structure of DCS


As introduced above, the DCS structure can be divided into four classes of function according to longitudinal distribution. Analyzed from the perspective of system structure, DCS of medium and small scale that generally possessing the first and the second class of function are generally composed of four basic parts, i.e., process control unit, operation station, engineer station and communication network. The basic structure of typical DCS is shown in Figure 2-2.

1. Process Control Unit Process control unit belongs to the first layer of DCS, i.e., process control class. Process control class has different names in different DCS. It can also be referred to as process control station, basic control unit and field control station, etc. For example, it is referred to as the basic controller in the system of TDC-3000, process control unit in the system of INFI-90, distance process unit in the system of MAX-1000, process control class in the system of CENTUM-XL and CONTROBLOC automation unit in the system of ALSPA P320. For the sake of convenience, it will be referred to as process control unit hereinafter. Process control unit is an independent monitoring and control system which generally consists of cabinet,
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power supply, I/O card, communication connecting card and controller. Generally speaking, no CRT display or operating-keyboard is arranged in process control unit. Process control unit is connected with operator station and engineer station through network. The I/O card of process control unit includes analog signal I/O card, switch (or digital) I/O card and pulse input card. Several process control units can be arranged according to the number of process variables collected during production and the number of process control circuit. 2. Operator Station Operator station is operator workstation that serves as man-machine interface of DCS and as network nodal points with the function of man-machine interface to handle all operation affairs. DCS can be arranged with one or more operator stations. Each operator station serves as a station (or nodal point) of communication networks. Operator stations shall be connected with engineer stations and process control units through networks. Operator station consists of one mainframe, one or more CRT display, one set of operating-keyboard, printing equipment and storage device. 3. Engineer Station Engineer station is the most important equipment for DCS development & debugging and interface maintenance. It is tool-like equipment based on personal computer. Meanwhile, it is also one of the important nodal points of DCS internal communication networks and is capable of directly or remotely visiting all nodal points of the DCS. Engineer station serves as network nodal points for DCS off-line allocation and configuration and on-line supervision, control and maintenance. It will provide the DCS with tool software for configuration and allocation. The hardware configuration for engineer station is similar to that of the operator station. Engineer keyboard is the keyboard used for common computers. Engineer stations shall be connected with operator stations and process control units through networks. 4. Communication Network Communication network serves for information transmission, data exchange and data sharing among process control units and operator stations and engineer stations. The communication network adopted by DCS is local area network (LAN).

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Chapter 3 Furnace Safeguard Supervision System (FSSS)


3.1 The System Composition of FSSS
FSSS control logic can be classified into common control logic, fuel control logic and coal-fired control logic. Common control logic includes the entire boiler protection, i.e. oil leakage test, furnace purge, main fuel tripping (MFT), oil fuel tripping (OFT), first-out cause memory, ignition condition and RB, etc. Common control logic also includes control of utility devices such as fire detector cooling fan and sealing fan. Fuel control logic includes switch control and layered switch control of oil burners.

3.2 Main Functions


Burner management system (BMS) is designed to control the start-up, operation and cutting of fuel burning equipment and to ensure safe operation of boilers by providing interlock control and sequence control, flame monitoring and fuel tripping system. This system is exclusive of control logic for primary air fan, mill and coal feeder. Before pulverized coal reaches the furnace, all the oil burners corresponding to the mill unit must be ignited. Prior to boiler startup, fuel pipe leakage test have been finished, or bypass have been arranged since the leakage test have been considered as unnecessary. Fuel pipe leakage test cannot be initiated until fuel recirculation is finished. Press the button of start leakage test on CRT to sent signal so as to close the return oil cut-off valve. Close the oil trip valve when the oil pressure in main oil pipe rises to the set value of the pressure for leakage test is OK . If the oil pressure cannot reach the set value of the pressure for leakage test is OK within 1 minute (the time limit is subject to pipeline) after the circulating valve is closed, the signal of failed pressure rising for leakage test will be shown. Two-minute timing shall be started upon confirmation that the trip valve has been closed, and the signal of leakage test in progress will display on CRT. During timing cycle, the signal of failed pressure maintaining for leakage test will be sent if the oil pressure in main oil pipe dropped to the set value of pressure for leakage test is low , otherwise, the signal of leakage test is done will be shown. Furnace purge must be conducted before boiler startup or after MFT, otherwise, its forbidden to reignite. Boiler safety flameout logic will monitor the fuel and furnace and generate trip signals to cut off oil fuel or fuel of the boiler, whichever exceeds the set value. Direction for first trip cause will be displayed after trip so that operators can judge correctly and take necessary remedial measures. First trip cause of MFT and OFT will be displayed on trip cause screen. First trip cause will be cleared when MFT relay has been reset. 2.1 Common Logic
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Common logic refers to overall protection of furnace combustion such as oil leakage test, furnace purge, main fuel tripping (MFT) & oil fuel tripping (OFT), first-out cause memory, ignition condition and RB. 2.1.1 Main Fuel Tripping (MFT) (P10 FS031) Tripping conditions: 1. Air preheater completely stopped (no running signal) (60S delay) (P11 FS032) 2. FDF completely tripped (without delay) (P13 FS034) 3. IDF completely tripped (without delay) (P13 FS034) 4. Furnace pressure is HH (2/3 delay 0s) (P12 FS033) 5. Furnace pressure is LL (2/3 delay 0s) (P12 FS033) 6. Operator manual emergency shutdown (2 push-buttons) (P16 FS037) 7. The loss of fire detection cooling air (2/3 switch, 1s delay) (P16 FS037) 8. Total boiler airflow is too low (total airflow <25 , 2/3 switch, boiler load >30%, without delay)(P11 FS032) 9. The total loss of fuel (P14 FS035) (All oil angle valves shall be closed or oil inlet fast valve shall be completely closed), (fuel memory has been put into service) and (all mills are out of service) 10. The whole furnace is flameout (any mill is running; no 3/4 coal fire detection for any coal layer; and no 3/4 oil angle of any oil layer has been put into service.) (P15 FS036) 11. All PAF are stopped and mills of for any layer have been put into operation (P13 FS034) 12. All feed pumps are stopped (no feedback from any feed pumps, 2s delay) (P17 FS038) 13. Steam turbine tripping (when load is more than 25%) (2s delay) is required to sample signal from DEH. (P17 FS038) 14. The request for re-purge (no oil angle valve will be opened within 60 minutes after purge)(P14 FS035) 15. FSSS cabinet is cut off power (FSSS relay cabinet is cut off DC) (P17 FS038) 16. Reheaters are out of protection (P12 FS033) 17. The steam drum water level is HH (2/3, 2s delay) (P12 FS033) 18. The steam drum water level is LL (2/3, 2s delay) (P12 FS033) When MFT occurs, the software will perform the following operations: Close the motorized valve of fuel supply Close the fast valve of oil supply Close the motorized valve of return oil Close all oil angle valves and purge valves Remove all oil guns and ignition guns Make igniters stop igniting Stop all mills Close the main valve and motorized valve of attemperating water When MFT occurs, the hard-wired circuit will perform the following operations: Close the motorized valve of fuel supply Close the motorized valve of return oil Close the main valve of SH/RH attemperating water Make all mills trip Stop all coal feeders Make all PAF trip Close the pulverized coal cut-off valve at the outlet of mills.
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3.1.2 Furnace Ignition and Purge (P1 FS010) Purge conditions: 1. No condition exists for MFT. 2. No flame in furnace. 3. At least one FDF and one IDF are running. 4. The drum water level is normal. 5. Air preheaters are running. 6. All PAF are stopped. 7. The fast valve of fuel oil has been closed. 8. All oil angle valves of oil burners are closed. 9. All mills and coal feeders are stopped. 10. Total airflow is more than 25%. 11. Oil leakage test are finished (or bypass arranged). 12. Fire detection cooling air is normal (the 3 LL signals will not be sent). When conditions are met, it shall be turned to purge position: open the secondary air damper to purge position, close SOFA damper, set burners in horizontal position and switch the secondary air damper to manual mode when the air damper reaches its largest open degree. When all purge conditions are met, press the button of start purge to send purge position instruction. Start 5-minute timing when purge position are met. During these 5 minutes, if MFT occurs, it will be considered as interrupted purge, and the timing shall be returned to zero. If no MFT occurs, the purge will be finished after 5 minutes, and MFT will automatically reset. 3.1.3 Oil Leakage Test (PS FS021) The permissive conditions for oil leakage test: Purge is successfully finished. All oil angle valves of oil burners are closed. The pressure in the main oil supply pipe permits. The process of oil leakage test: Open in sequence the fast valve of inlet oil and return oil, the pipes will be filled with oil, and close the fast valve of return oil with 10S delay. If the oil pressure in main oil pipe cannot reach the set value within 40S, it indicates that oil filling failed and test interrupted. Otherwise, oil filling will succeed after oil pressure becomes qualified, and then it is required to close the fast valve of inlet oil. Supervise oil pressure for 3 minutes. During this period, if oil pressure in the main oil pipe is less than the set value, it indicates that leakage exists in the pipeline and the test shall be interrupted. Otherwise, it is required to open return oil valves after 3 minutes to drain oil and close return oil valves after oil pressure became low. Start 3-minute supervision of oil pressure. During this period, if the differential pressure is low before and after opening and closing the fast valve of inlet oil, it indicates that leakage exists in inlet oil fast valve and the test shall be interrupted. Otherwise, the whole test will succeed after 3 minutes. In addition, oil leakage test can be carried out through bypass by forcing a normal status for the test. 3.2.3 The Permissive Conditions for Ignition 3.2.3.1 The permissive conditions for furnace ignition (i.e., the common permissive conditions for coal ignition) (P381 FS200) 1. Primary air permits.
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2. Primary air pressure is normal (with signal from MCS). 3. Boiler air flow is more than 25%. 3.2.3.2 Oil System Ignition Permits (P48 FS099) 1. No MFT/OFT 2. The fast valve of oil supply has been opened. 3. Oil pressure is normal. 4. Pressure at the outlet of cooling fan is not low. 5. Airflow is more than 30% and purge is successful with 10M delay or all branch oil valves are not completely closed. 3.2.3.3 The permissive ignition conditions for mills A-F 1. Ignition permission for mill A Mill B has been put into operation and boiler load is more than 30%, or oil layer AB has been put into operation. 2. Ignition permission for mill B Mill A or C has been put into operation and boiler load is more than 30%, or mill C and oil layer BC or AB have been put into operation, or plasma has been put into service and mill A feeds more than 50%. 3. Ignition permission for mill C Mill B and oil layer AB have been put into operation, or mill B or D has been put into operation and boiler load is more than 30%, or oil layer BC has been put into operation. 4. Ignition permission for mill D Mill E and oil layer DE have been put into operation, or mill C or E has been put into operation and boiler load is more than 30%, or oil layer DE has been put into service. 5. Ignition permission for mill E Mill D and oil layer BC have been put into operation, or mill D or F has been put into operation and boiler load is more than 30%, or oil layer DE has been put into service. 6. Any mill can be put into service when boiler load is more than 50% or at least three mills are already under operation. 3.2.4 Logic Control of Main Oil Pipe 3.2.4.1 The Fast valve of Oil Supply (P51 FS102) Open permit: l l l l l l All oil angle valves are closed completely. The oil pressure is normal. No MFT/OFT. MFT/OFT pulse. The pressure in main oil pipe is abnormal (with 2S delay). Leakage test has been closed.

Interlock close:

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Pulse of failed oil leakage test.

3.2.4.2 Motorized Valves for Return Oil (P52 FS103) Open permit: l All ignition oil angle valves are closed.

Interlock close: l l l l MFT/OFT pulse. The pressure in main oil pipe is abnormal (with 2S delay). Pulse of failed oil leakage test. Leakage test has been closed.

3.2.4.3 Motorized Valves for Supply of Fuel Oil (P56 FS107) Open permit: l No MFT/OFT.

Interlock close: l l MFT/OFT pulse. Pulse of failed oil leakage test.

3.2.4.4 Oil Fuel Trip (OFT) (P50 FS101) OFT conditions: l l l MFT The fast valve for oil supply is closed while any oil angle valve is still open. The pressure in oil supply main pipe is LL while any oil angle valve and any fast valve for oil supply are still open. When OFT occurs, the following operations will be automatically performed: l l l l l Close the fast valve of oil supply Close the motorized valve of return oil Close the motorized valve for supply of fuel oil Close all oil angle valves Remove all oil guns and ignition guns

3.2.5 Fire Detector Cooling Fan (P21 FS041) Cooling fan A and B are arranged as standby cooling fans. One air fan can offer all the required cooled airflow. Start another air fan when the air fan under operation encounters trouble or the air pressure is low. (Linked switch has been arranged.) Start permit: 1 remains Stop permit: 1 remains Interlock start: l l The relative standby air fans have not been put into service. The air pressure at the outlet of cooling fan is low.

3.2.6 Sealing Fan (P23 FS050) Start permit: any PAF is running.
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Stop permit: 1 remains Interlock start: l l l Interlock start air fan A when interlock has been put into service and air fan B is out of service. Any axle temperature is more than 75 (alarm only ) The two PAF are stopped with 15S delay. Interlock stop:

3.2.6.1 Sealing fan outlet isolating damper (P25 FS052) Open permit: 1 remains Stop permit: 1 remains Interlock open: l Interlock has been put into service and the air fan at this side is in use with 2S delay.

Interlock close: l Interlock has been put into service and the air fan at this side is out of service.

3.3 Oil System Logic 3.3.1 Ignition Permit for Oil Angle (P62 FSAB11) --as oil angle program-controlled start-up and oil angle valve manual open permit, 1 shall be remained during ignition. l l l l l l Oil system ignition conditions are met. The power supply for ignition cabinet is normal (P65 FSAB14). Ignition cabinet is under program control (P65 FSAB14). No ignition failure. Purge valve is closed. No OFT.

3.3.2 Tripping Conditions for Oil Angle (P63 FSAB12) l l l OFT Oil gun failure (oil guns inserted completely within the stipulated time of 15S but no feedback) Oil angle valve failure (oil angle valves opened completely within the stipulated time of 20S but no feedback) l Ignition failure (no feedback within the stipulated time of 7S)

3.3.3 Program-Controlled Start/Stop of Oil Angle: *The permissive conditions for local start/stop are the same with that of program-controlled start/stop. l Oil angle program-controlled startup: (P62 FSAB11)

*Program-controlled start permit: oil angle ignition permit (refers to Item 3.2.1) without oil angle tripping conditions (refers to Item 3.2.2) *The process for program-controlled startup: Insert oil guns (Oil guns inserted completely) Insert ignition guns (Ignition guns inserted completely)
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Ignition(30S at most) (Ignition begun and purge valves closed) Open oil angle valves l Oil angle program-controlled stop: * Program-controlled stop permit: no conditions for oil angle tripping (refers to Item 3.2.2) * The process for program-controlled stop: Close oil angle valves (All oil angle valves closed and oil guns inserted completely) Insert ignition guns (All ignition guns inserted completely) (Ignition guns inserted/oil angle valves closed/oil guns inserted) Ignition (30S at most) (After 60S) Remove oil guns l Oil layer program-controlled start: Open purge valves (after 60S and oil angle valves closed) Close purge valves

3.3.4 Program-Controlled Start/Stop for Oil Layer: (P61 FSAB01) * The process for program-controlled start: e.g. firstly, to start angle 1 and 3 through 2S pulse program control; and 30S later, to start angle 2 and 4 through 2S pulse program control. l Oil layer program-controlled stop: * The process for program-controlled stop: e.g. firstly, to stop angle 1 and 3 through 2S pulse program control; and 30S later, to stop angle 2 and 4 through 2S pulse program control. 3.4 Coal System Logic 3.4.1 Permissive Conditions for Mill Startup (P190 FSA10) 1. No condition exists for mill tripping. 2. Mill ignition permits. 3. The cold air damper at the inlet of mills has been opened. 4. The sealing air damper has been opened. 5. The lube oil pump has been started up and lubricating oil conditions are met. (P193 FSA13) The satisfied conditions include the following: (the outlet pressure of mill lube oil pump is not low; no power off signal is shown on mill lubrication station; the outlet flow rate of mill lube oil pump is not low; and differential pressure between inlet and outlet is not high.) 6. 3/4 of mill outlet valves are opened completely. 7. No mill is under startup. 8. Differential pressure between the upper and lower mill bowls is not high. 3.4.2 Conditions for Emergency Mill Stop (P192 FSA12) 1. Any HH of mill bearing temperature is with 2S delay. (P193 FSA13) 2. Any HH of mill motor bearing temperature is with 2S delay. (P193 FSA13) 3. All PAF have been stopped with 2S delay. 4. The mill has lost fire detection (coal feeders have been started and there must be 3/4 coal fire detection after 2M when the mill is started (three in four are on fire), otherwise mill tripping will happen due to loss of fire detection). (P186 FSA04) 5. MFT 6. Lubricating oil system failure (P193 FSA13) (The outlet pressure of mill lube oil pump is LL with 2S delay; the oil tank temperature of mill lubrication station is less than 15; the liquid level in oil tank of mill lubrication station is low with 2S delay)
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7. All the mill outlet valves are closed (the mill is running and 3/4 of the outlet valves are closed, with feedback) 8. The coal feeder is stopped with 900S delay. 9. RUNBACK (Applied only to mill) 3.4.3.1 The Oil Pump Motor of Mill Lubrication Station (P215 FSA36) 1. Start permit: the oil temperature in oil tank is more than 15, the liquid level in oil tank of mill lubrication station is not low, and the signal of remote operation of lubrication station exists. 2. Stop permit: 1 remains 3. Interlock start: the outlet pressure of lube oil pump of the mill is low, with 2S delay. 4. Interlock stop: none 3.4.3.2 Heaters in the Lubrication Station of the Mill (P216 FSA37) 1. Start permit: the oil temperature in oil tank is less than 35 and the liquid level in oil tank of mill lubrication station is not low. 2. Stop permit: 1 remains 3. Interlock start: none 4. Interlock stop: the oil temperature in oil tank is more than 40. 3.4.3.3 Heating belt in the Lubrication Station of the Mill (P217 FSA38) 1. Start permit: 1 remains 2. Stop permit: 1 remains 3. Interlock start: the outlet temperature of mill lube oil pump is less than 45. 4. Interlock stop: the outlet temperature of mill lube oil pump is more than 49. 3.4.4 Fast Air Dampers at the Inlet of the Mill (P194 FSA14) 1. Start permit: 1 remains 2. Stop permit: 1 remains 3. Interlock start: none 4. Interlock stop: the mill has been stopped with 3M delay or the coal layer has tripped. Besides, the air damper can be manually locked or released. 3.4.5 Cold Air Dampers at the Inlet of the Mill (P195 FSA15) 1. Start permit: 1 remains 2. Stop permit: 1 remains 3. Interlock start: none 4. Interlock stop: the mill has been stopped with 3M delay or the coal layer has tripped. 3.4.6 Sealing Air Dampers of the Mill (P197 FSA17) 1. Start permit: 1 remains 2. Stop permit: 1 remains 3. Interlock start: none 4. Interlock stop: no sealing fan is under operation, or the mill is stopped with 60M delay, or the sealing air damper of the mill is manually stopped and the mill has been stopped. 3.4.7 Air-sealed Valves at the Outlet of the Mill (P198 FSA18) 1. Start permit: 1 remains 2. Stop permit: 1 remains 3. Interlock start: none 4. Interlock stop: the mill is stopped with 3S delay or the coal layer has tripped. 3.4.8 Pulverized Coal Cut-off Valves at the Inlet of Mill Burners (P200 FSA20)
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1. Start permit: 1 remains 2. Stop permit: 1 remains 3. Interlock start: none 4. Interlock stop: the mill is stopped with 3S delay or the coal layer has tripped. 3.4.9 Pulverized Coal Cut-off Valves at the Outlet of the Mill (P204 FSA24) 1. Start permit: 1 remains 2. Stop permit: 1 remains 3. Interlock start: none 4. Interlock stop: the mill is stopped with 3S delay or the coal layer has tripped. 3.4.10 Fire Control Steam Valves of the Mill (P218 FSA39) (Manual operation is proposed.) 1. Start permit: 1 remains 2. Stop permit: 1 remains 3. Interlock start: the outlet temperature of the coal pulverizer separator is more than 120 or the coal layer has tripped or the CO content at the outlet of the coal pulverizer is high. 4. Interlock stop: it shall be with 3M delay if there is no instruction for opening. 3.5.1 Coal Feeder Logic (P231 FSA52) 1. Start permit: (P230 FSA51) l l l l l l l l All conditions for mill start permit are met. The mills are running. The outlet valves of coal feeders have been opened. Coal feeders are remotely controlled with no alarm. No over-temperature exists inside coal feeders. No failures exist in the feeder cleaning chain. No coal blockage exists at the outlet of the coal feeders. The mill outlet temperature is more than 65 and less than 85.

2. Stop permit: 1 remains 3. Interlock start: none 4. Interlock stop: Any condition for emergency mill stop is met or overtemperature exists inside coal feeders with 3S delay or MFT. 3.5.2 Control of the Coal Valve at the Inlet of the Coal Feeders (P232 FSA53) (3DO open/close). 1. Start permit: remote control 2. Stop permit: remote control 3. Interlock start: none 4. Interlock stop: overtemperature occurs inside the coal feeders. 3.5.3 Control of the Coal Valve at the Outlet of the Coal Feeders (P233 FSA54) (3DO open/close). 1. Start permit: remote control 2. Stop permit: remote control through panel control. 3. Interlock start: none 4. Interlock stop: overtemperature occurs inside the coal feeders. 3.5.4 Sealing Air Dampers of the Coal Feeders (P235 FSA56) 1. Start permit: 1 remains 2. Stop permit: 1 remains 3. Interlock start: none 4. Interlock stop: no sealing fan is under operation, or the mill is stopped with 60M delay, or the sealing air
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damper of the mill is manually stopped and the mill has been stopped. 3.5.5 The Motorized Valves for Emergency Coal Discharging Pipes of the Coal Feeder (P236 FSA57) 1. Start permit: 1 remains 2. Stop permit: 1 remains 3. Interlock start: none 4. Interlock stop: the coal feeder is stopped with 3S delay or the coal layer has tripped.

Chapter 4 MCS Control


4.1 Coordinated Control of Boiler-Turbine
1. Working Mode: Generally speaking, the main coordinate control system has 4 types of operation modes, i.e., the basic mode (manual), boiler follow, turbine follow and coordinate control system. Besides, there are also three auxiliary control modes such as ADS remote control mode, constant pressure control mode and sliding pressure control mode.

Working mode Manual

Boiler main control Manual

Turbine main control Manual

FM No No

Boiler follow (BF) Pressure regulation, load Manual demand modification and energy feed-forward. Turbine follow(TF) Manual signal

Automatic adjustment of steam No pressure regulation, and load pressure Yes demand

Coordinate control Pressure regulation, power Power system(CCS) regulation and load regulation

demand feed-forward.

feed-forward for calibrating the set value of main steam pressure.

2. Switch of Operation Modes

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1) When both the turbine system and the boiler combustion system are under normal condition, and when the turbine main control and the boiler main control can be switched to automatic mode, it can operate under CCS. 2) Under CCS, the turbine main control switched to manual mode as a result of manual interlock will switch the operating mode to BF. 3) Under CCS, the boiler main control switched to manual mode as a result of manual interlock will switch the operating mode to TF. 4) Under BF, the boiler main control switched to manual mode as a result of manual interlock will switch the operating mode to the basic mode. 5) Under TF, the turbine main control switched to manual mode as a result of manual interlock will switch the operating mode to the basic mode. 6) The switch from the basic mode to TF mode or BF mode and then to CCS is to be achieved by switching the turbine main control and/or boiler main control to automatic mode when switching conditions are met and when the turbine and/or boiler system is under normal condition. 3. The Set Value of Boiler Load The load can be set through network regulation ADS and through the unit itself. The main control system shall be able to adjust the units output according to the actual capacity of the main auxiliary unit. When partial failure occurs during the unit operation or when load demand exceeds the actual capacity of the unit, the auxiliary output will be much greater than its command or the auxiliary command will reach the minimum value, and the main control system will provide the load command with direction blocking such as block increase or block decrease to achieve rundown of load command or runback of auxiliary failures. Once the block increase or decrease occurs, neither local control nor remote control can alter the load command of the unit. Under CCS, when the main auxiliary has tripped and the load command exceeds its load limit, the main control system will generate RUNBACK signal to quickly decrease the unit load command to the permissible load of the running auxiliary. The system will set different load shedding target values and rates for different auxiliary failures, and will switch CCS to its corresponding control mode. The general conditions for RUNBACK are as follows: the boiler feed pump, FDF, IDF, PAF, air preheater, loss of more than 3 layers of coal, and so on. All the above conditions are auxiliary failures at the boiler side. When they lead to RUNBACK, the main control system will automatically switch from CCS to TF mode. 4. The Set Value of the Main Steam Pressure 1) The target value of the main steam pressure shall be manually set. When the turbine-boiler main control is under the basic mode or the turbine bypass has been put into service, the target value and the set value of the main steam pressure will follow the signal of the main steam pressure. 2) The set value of the main steam pressure will climb to the target value according to the ramp rate. The ramp rate shall be manually set and shall be less than the main steam pressure target value minus the set value. 3) Under sliding pressure, the set value of the main steam pressure is generated by modifying the load command
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through the function generator and the opening degree of the turbine governing valve. Meanwhile, the set value of the main steam pressure is limited by its maximum value. 5. Constant pressure/slide pressure operating mode Selecting slide pressure: enter slide pressure mode upon manual request under CCS. The slide pressure mode can only be used under CCS or boiler follow modes. Quit slide pressure: manual request Enter basic mode RUNBACK state Start bypass Enter turbine follow mode The load is over 85% Under slide pressure mode, the valve opening is fixed with 10% regulating range. The manual request, constant pressure operation and the deviation of the main steam pressure set value from the target value will result in the climbing of the main steam pressure set value. The climbing of the main steam pressure set value shall be maintained: Manual request Slide pressure operation or or or or or or or or

The main steam pressure set value does not deviate from the target value Enter basic mode RUNBACK state Start bypass Enter turbine follow mode or or or

6. ADS interface During the automation of LDC, the unit enters remote operation mode after the network control sends the impulse signal that the ADS remote control is effective and the operator sends the command of devoting the unit into the remote control through keyboard. The unit quits remote operation mode under the following conditions: (1) LDC non-automatic state (2) The operators send LOCAL request during the switch of the control methods (3) Increase of load lock (4) Decrease of load lock (5) Bad quality of ADS commands (6) RUNBACK or RUNDOWN (7) The remote control sends the impulse signal that the ADS is invalid (8) If the above conditions are false, send CCS PERMIT ADS signal to notice the remote control that the
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ADS remote control method can be devoted.

4.2 Furnace Draft Control


(1) The feedback signal is taken through the averaging of the two furnace pressures on side A, the averaging of the two pressures on side B and then the averaging the side A and side B. (2) When the deviation between the actual furnace draft and the set value is oversize, modify the control deviation additionally, enlarge the deviation, accelerate the actions of the actuator and adjust the deviation to the normal range rapidly. (3) The blow-down command is used as feedforward signal. And the feedforward effect can not be too big generally. (4) The lock increase, lock decrease, increase priority and decrease priority operations are set in control circuit. (5) When the furnace pressure is at Level-one Low, the rising-forbidden signal is formed to restrict the further opening of the induced draft fan damper, and it can only be turned down; meanwhile, lead the Level-one Low signal of the furnace pressure to the forced draft fan system, lock the turning down of the forced draft fan rotor blade, and it can only be turned up. Turn down the induced draft fan damper compulsorily on the SCS strong decrease signal. (6) When the furnace pressure is at Level-one High, the declining-forbidden signal is formed to restrict the further turning down of the induced draft fan damper, and it can only be opened; meanwhile, lead the Level-one High signal of the furnace pressure to the forced draft fan system, lock the turning up of the forced draft fan rotor blade, and it can only be turned down. Turn up the induced draft fan damper compulsorily on the SCS strong increase signal. (7) The opening of the induced draft damper is turned down by an opening rapidly under the original opening value, and such turned down opening is the function of the air output, and after certain time 60S (the time is adjustable), the induced draft damper is released to regular furnace draft control. (8) When the furnace pressure is much higher than the set point, the logic loop sends the generated BLOCK INC signal to the LDC load demand loop and forbids the increase of the LDC load demand, and the load demand is decreased slowly if the furnace pressure has not been decreased yet. (9) For the furnace draft signal is always with tiny noise disturbance signal, the direct adoption of such measuring signal will result in the frequent actions of the induced draft fan damper, which is not propitious for safe operation of the set. And if the inertial filtering is implemented on the furnace draft signals, the response time of the furnace pressure measuring value is increased and the adjustment is turned to be insensitive. The dead band in the regulator is adopted to improve the regulating performances. The dead band set is generally recommended around 0.02kPa (set according to concrete projects).

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4.3 Other Controls on Furnace Side


I Furnace oxygen control The average value of the flue gas oxygen content at the entrances of #A and #B air pre-heaters is taken as the attribute of the flue gas oxygen content in the furnace. The oxygen fixed value is the function of the set load demand and obeys the principle of low load high oxygen content and high load low oxygen content. The operators can slightly adjust the oxygen fixed value through adjusting the bias of the oxygen content set. The output of the oxygen regulator is a fine coefficient between 0.85~1.15, which is sent to front/rear wall fire air control loop and the secondary air control loop respectively to modify the air flow set value so as to maintain the oxygen content in the furnace within a rational range. II Secondary air pressure control Adjust the secondary air connecting main pressure through the rotor blades of the #1 and #2 forced draft fans, the secondary air pressure is regarded as the regulated variable of the control loop, the fixed value of the secondary air pressure is the function of the boiler master, and the operators can slightly adjust the fixed value through the bias. When the loop is operated manually, calculate the bias automatically to make the fixed value track the regulated variable so as to realize the undisturbed switch between the manual and automatic. III Over-fired air (1) The fire air control is divided into front wall fire air control and rear wall fire air control. The fire air is sent into the upper parts of front and rear walls so as to reduce the great amount of NOx generated by the high temperature along with single stage burning. The front wall fire air is used to illustrate, and the rear wall is totally the same. (2) The totaling of the front wall fire air volume at left and right sides through temperature modification is regarded as the total front wall fire air volume. The deviation adjustment calculation is implemented between the front wall fire air fixed value in the fuel air demand loop and the front wall fire air volume after the oxygen fine coefficient modification, the regulator output is sent to the fire air dampers on the left and right sides, and the opening shall be controlled. (3) When the fire air dampers on both sides are operated manually, the regulator tracks the average value of the damper demands on both sides, at the same time, the damper output loop on each side memorizes the deviation between the output of the side and the regulator output in order to guarantee the no disturbance during the auto on of the damper on each side. When the dampers on both sides are put in the automatic state, adjust the lateral deviation manually when the total output is guaranteed to be the same so as to make the output on both sides achieve the demands. IV Primary air pressure control (1) The set value of the primary air pressure (calibrated steam flow) is formed by the boiler load through the functions. (2) When the primary air damper output has achieved the maximum and the primary air pressure is much less than the set value, the BLOCK INC signal will be generated by the logic loop and sent to LDC load demand loop to
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make the load demand decrease slowly. V Fuel control (1) Calculation of total fuel quantity Summarize the set coal feeding signals and fuel flow signals of the coal mills respectively together. (2) The fuel command is regarded as the set value of the coal feeder main controller after the dynamic modification. (3) The coal feeder main controller output is sent to the M/A stations of the coal feeders through the balancing algorithm. (4) Turn down the coal feeder rotating speed compulsorily during MFT. (5) When the coal feeder main controller instructions have achieved the maximum and the fuel volume is much less than the set value, the RUNDOWN signal will be generated by the logic loop and sent to LDC load demand loop to make the load demand decrease slowly. (6) The coal feeders are operated manually, and the bad quality of any coal transducers, big deviation between the progress volume and set value of the coal feeder main regulator, manual operation of the forced draft fan and MFT will all result in the manual switching signals of the coal feeder main controller. The outage of the coal mills corresponding to the coal feeders or the manual operation of the hot air damper of the coal mills or the manual operation of the cold air damper of the coal mills or MFT or the compulsory signals sent by FSSS will all result in the switching to the manual operation of the coal feeder M/A stations. VI Coal mill adjustment 1. Primary air volume control (1) Direct-firing: the hot air damper adjusts the load (air flow) and the cold air damper adjusts the mill

exit temperature; the coal feeder instructions set are adopted as the set value and feedforward signal of the coal mill air flow control. (2) Single loop regulation. The air flow and air flow fixed value after the pressure and temperature

calibration generate the regulating instructions through PID regulator to control the hot air door of the mill primary air. The fixed value of the primary air flow of the mill is the function set for the coal feeding of the coal feeders with minimum limitation. After the control loop is put into the automatic operation, the operators can slightly adjust the air flow fixed value through bias. During the manual operation of the loop, the bias module makes the air flow fixed value track the actual air flow and makes the non-disturbance switch between manual/automatic operations. 2. (1) Powder temperature control at the exit of coal mill The powder temperature at the exit of mill is adjusted by the cold air door at the entrance of the mill. Due to the coupling effect between the hot air door and cold air door at the entrance of the mill on the control, the control instruction of the hot air door at the entrance of the mill is introduced into the powder temperature control at the entrance of the mill as the feedforward signal after the unidirectional decoupling. (2) The powder temperature at the exit of the mill is obtained by selecting the biggest one among the three

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measuring points. The purpose to select the biggest is to avoid the temperature excess of the powder temperature at the exit of the mill. (3) During the regular operation of the coal pulverizing system, the set value of the powder temperature is set by the operators; during the startup/stop of the milling, the powder temperature fixed value is switched to the temperature fixed value during the startup/stop of the milling smoothly through the rate limiting module. 3. (1) Secondary air flow control The secondary air set value of the mill is obtained through the total air flow fixed value of the mill detracting the primary air flow fixed value of the mill. After the startup of the coal feeder, the secondary air flow fixed value of the mill is given after the limitation of the rate limiter and the modification of the oxygen fine coefficient, and it shall be no less than the minimum limit value of the secondary air flow. (2) The total secondary air flow is obtained through the summation of the secondary air flows on right and left sides after the calibration of the related secondary air flow temperature. (3) When the secondary air dampers laterally are operated manually, the regulator tracks the average value of the damper demands on both sides, at the same time, the damper output loop on each side memorizes the deviation between the output of the side and the regulator output in order to guarantee the no disturbance during the auto on of the damper on each side. When the dampers on both sides are put in the automatic state, adjust the lateral deviation manually when the total output is guaranteed to be the same so as to make the output on both sides achieve the demands. VII Fuel and oil pressure control (1) The on/off feedforward of oil gun is installed. When the oil gun is on or off, move the control valve in advance so as to reduce the oil pressure fluctuation. (2) Fuel flow used=oil inlet flow-oil return flow

4.4 Boiler Feed Control


1. Calculation on feed water quantity The general idea of the feed water control is to modify through the steam enthalpy at the exit of the separator and the temperature fall at both ends of the primary superheater based on the fuel/water ratio, and the total feed water quantity demand is then calculated. The method to realize the idea is to consider the enthalpy alternation from the exit of the coal economizer to the exit of the separator and calculate the total enthalpy gain of such section and the enthalpy gain of unit working substance so as to calculate the feed water demand. The whole proposal fully reflects the energy conception as enthalpy . (1) Calculation of total enthalpy gain The design enthalpy of unit working substance at the entrance of the primary superheater and the design enthalpy of unit working substance at the exit of the coal economizer are calculated according to the boiler
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main control instructions and boiler design parameters, and the design enthalpy gain of unit working substance is obtained by the subtraction of the two. The design steam flow and the desuperheating spray flow under related boiler load are calculated according to the boiler main control instructions and boiler design parameters, and the design feed water flow demand is obtained by the subtraction of the two. The arithmetic product of the design enthalpy gain of unit working substance and the design feed water flow demand is the design total enthalpy gain. The above calculations shall consider the delay time of heat storage. The heat amount absorbed by the metal parts is calculated by the saturation temperature change rate multiplying the heat capacity of the metal quality in water wall tube, and the design valid enthalpy gain is obtained through the design total enthalpy gain subtracting the heat amount absorbed by the metal parts. (2) Calculation of enthalpy gain in unit working substance The design enthalpy gain of unit working substance at the exit of the separator is calculated according to the boiler main control instructions and boiler design parameters, and considering the increase or decrease of the steam enthalpy at the exit of the separator required by primary desuperheater, the steam enthalpy fixed value at the exit of the separator is obtained through T controller. The set value of T controller is the temperature before the primary desuperheater calculated according to the temperature at the exit of the primary desuperheater and the design temperature drop (the principle is similar to the generation of the set value of the main loop of the primary desuperheater), the measured value is the actual temperature before the primary desuperheater, and if the set value is bigger than the actual measured value, the temperature before the primary desuperheater is on the low side and the steam enthalpy at the exit of the separator shall be increased. The bias calculation between the steam enthalpy set value at the exit of the separator modified by the temperature drops at both ends of the primary desuperheater and the actual steam enthalpy is implemented and outputted as the modified value of the enthalpy gain in unit working substance from the exit of the coal economizer to the exit of the separator. The basic value of the steam enthalpy in unit working substance from the exit of the coal economizer to the exit of the separator is obtained by the modified steam enthalpy fixed value at the exit of the separator subtracting the actual enthalpy at the exit of the coal economizer, and the summation of the basic value and the modified value is the final enthalpy gain of the unit working substance in such section. In order to prevent that the enthalpy regulator is lower than the Bunsen point during the operation, the output of the enthalpy regulator shall be restricted, the T regulator output shall also be restricted through the flow margin of the coal economizer, and the limiting values of the two are changing along with the boiler load. The output of the enthalpy controller is sent to the main control loop of the boiler as the feedforward so as to reduce the influences of the fuel and the feed water chamber. The minimum value limitation is set on the feed water flow so as to guarantee that the feed water flow is always exceeding the Bunsen flow and recycling flow.

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2.

Control on feed water flow During the low load, adjust the opening of the feed startup regulating valve to control the feed water flow and adjust the rotating speed of the electric feed water pump so as to maintain the pressure difference on both ends of the starting valve at a fixed value (around 0.5~0.9MPa). When the feed startup regulating valve is opened to more than 75% and the load exceeds the regulated load, the valve is switched to the main feed water progressively, and after the completion of the switch, the feed water flow is controlled through adjusting the rotating speed of the electric feed water pump. During the regular operation, the feed water flow is controlled through controlling the rotating speed of the two steam feed water pumps with the electric feed water pump as standby, and the scoop is opened to the trace bit.

3.

Control on recirculating valve of the feed water pump The recycle valve control of the feed water pump guarantees that the inlet flow of the feed water pump is no

lower than the allowed minimum flow so as to avoid the cavitation. The fixed value of the minimum flow is obtained from the characteristics curve of the feed water pump. Under certain rotating speed of the feed water pump, the allowable minimum inlet flow is corresponded, and the operating safety of the feed water pump is enhanced with certain forward bias. The two flow measuring points after the means algorithm are adopted as the regulated variable of the control loop.

4.5

Superheated Steam Temperature Control

1 Superheated secondary desuperheater control The manual configuration and automatic configuration are adopted on the set value of the exit temperature of final stage superheater. Under the automatic configuration, the temperature set value under the low load is the smallest one among the three as the function of the boiler main control signal through the modification of the enthalpy decoupling loop, the current exit temperature of the final stage superheater and the current exit temperature of the final stage superheater through the rate limitation, and when the temperature set value is gradually increased to within the range of 5 from the rated temperature, the set value is switched to the rated temperature automatically and remained the same, and the set value is recovered to the former way during the MFT. The outer layer loop forecasts the needed temperature at the exit of secondary desuperheater required to maintain or achieve the set temperature at the exit of the final stage superheater according to the following main factors. (1) The deviation between the temperature set value and the measured value at the exit of the final stage superheater Increase the temperature at the exit of secondary desuperheater with the same direction according to the deviation between the temperature set value and the measured value at the exit of the final stage superheater, and the differential signal of the temperature at the exit of final stage superheater is utilized as feedforward. The
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temperature at the exit of secondary desuperheater is adopt in the control loop to analog the temperature alternation process from the exit of the secondary desuperheater to the exit of the final stage superheater through three-order inertial element (inertia time constant is of the boiler load). (2) Boiler load alternation The boiler load feedforward signal is a restricted signal with differentiated pulse and proper proportion. More steam is generated for the increase of the load and more cooling is required, and the temperature fixed value at the exit of the desuperheater is reduced through the load feedforward signal so as to increase the spray volume. (3) Influence of the temperature alternations at the exit of secondary desuperheater on the temperature at the exit of final stage superheater Due to the alternations of the steam enthalpy and specific heat caused by the increase of the operation pressure, a rather small change is needed on the entrance temperature of the final stage superheater so as to give a same temperature alternation on the exit of final stage superheater. Utilizing such principle, modify the temperature deviation at the exit of final stage superheater according to the exit pressure of the final stage superheater and convert it to the temperature variation at the exit of the desuperheater. (4) Saturation temperature restriction Calculate the exit saturation temperature of the final stage superheater according to the exit pressure of the final stage superheater and add a margin relating to the exit pressure of the final stage superheater as the minimum limit value of the temperature at the exit of secondary desuperheater. The inner loop guarantees that the temperature at the exit of secondary desuperheater achieves the required value through the control on the desuperheating water flow.

Superheated primary desuperheater control

The principle of the superheated primary desuperheater control is the same as that of the secondary desuperheater control The superheated primary desuperheater controls the temperature at the entrance of the secondary desuperheater to the required value. The manual configuration and automatic configuration are adopted on the set value of the temperature at the entrance the secondary desuperheater. Under the manual configuration method, the set value of the entrance temperature of the secondary desuperheater is based on the summation of the temperature signal at the exit of the secondary desuperheater through three-order inertial element and the expected temperature difference of the secondary desuperheater and is limited by the temperature at the entrance of the secondary desuperheater allowed by the boiler load.

4.6 Other Controls


I. Reheated steam temperature control (1) The set value of the reheated steam temperature is formed by the load functions, and different function generators are adopted under slide pressure mode and constant pressure mode.
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(2) The adjusting principle of the reheated steam temperature is rough adjustment for flue gas damper and slight adjustment for spray regulation. The adjusting dead band is set in the flue gas damper adjustment. (3) In order to guarantee that the reheated steam temperature has certain degree of superheat, the set value of the secondary regulator is formed through selecting the higher one among the output of the main regulator in the spray adjustment and the reheated temperature which is certain higher than the saturation temperature. (4) The total air flow and the main steam flow are introduced as feedforward signals. (5) The commands of MFT, turbine trip, low load, generator failure and the spray valve position are small enough to form the commands to shutdown the spray isolation valve. (6) The commands of MFT, turbine trip, low load, shutdown of spray isolation valve and spray valve position are small enough to form the commands to turn down the spray valve compulsorily. II The deaerator Pressure Control 1 The deaerator pressure control At the initial stage of unit startup, the steam for the deaerator is supplied by the auxiliary

steam system while the PCV (pressure control valve) is keeping the deaerator running under fixed pressure. When the unit loads rise, the PCV will be completely closed after switching to the four-pumping steam supply system. And the deaerator will run under sliding pressure. While the deaerator is running under fixed pressure, the setting value of the deaerator pressure is always at Pmin. If the deaerator pressure at the initial stage is lower than Pmin which is set as the minimum allowable pressure, it will not be allowed to exceed the limited value according to the PCV instructions so that the lower jaw opening (ten percent to twenty percent) can be kept in order to warm the deaerator. When the unit has switched from the auxiliary steam system to be four-pumping steam system, the fixed pressure value will change along with the actual pressure as the deaerator pressure rises. And the value will always be dPallow lower than the actual pressure. The PCV will be gradually closed. And then, the deaerator will run under sliding pressure. When the unit tripping operation occurred during the normal running process, the deaerator pressure will sharply decline. If the velocity of the pressure decline is more than the setting velocity (0.05Mpa/min), the fixed pressure value will be higher than the actual value gradually because the velocity of the setting pressure decline is limited by the velocity limitation module. After the PID calculation, The PCV will be gradually opened so that the flash evaporation which is caused by the excessive decline of the deaerator pressure could be prevented. 2 The deaerator water tank temperature control

Deaerator water tank temperature is controlled by regulating the jaw opening of the deaerator reboiling auxiliary steam pneumatic control valve. This belongs to single-loop regulation. III 1. The Deaerator Water Level Control The deaerator water level control

1 Deaerator water level regulation adopts single-impulse control at the startup stage under low load operation while adopting three-element control under normal load operation.
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2 The Feedwater flow rate is regarded as the feed-forward signal of the deaerator water level three-element regulation. Condensate flow rate will be regarded as the process quantity of the secondary three-element regulator. 3 The deaerator auxiliary water valve will be forced closing when the deaerator water level is high. 4 Both the deviations of regulator PV and SP and the position deviations of regulating valve will make the M/A station of the regulator switch to the manual operation. 2. Deaerator overflowing water discharge control This belongs to single-loop regulation. The deaerator water level is controlled not to be too high by regulating the deaerator overflowing water discharge valve. IV The Water Level Control of HP (high-pressure) Feedwater Heater 1 The setting value is set manually. 2 During the normal running process, the water level of HP feedwater heater is controlled by regulating the jaw opening of the water level control valve for HP feedwater heater. When the water level of HP feedwater heater is too high, it will be controlled by regulating the jaw opening of the emergency water discharge valve for HP feedwater heater at the same time. When the control loop is under the manual operation, the setting value of the water level will follow the actual level. After the control loop switches to the automatic operation, it can be set by the operator. The regulator setting value of the emergency water discharge valve for HP feedwater heater is higher than the setting value of the normal water level. 3 The M/A station of the regulator will switch to the manual operation caused by the followings: deviations of regulator PV and SP, over limited deviations of valve position and instructions, invalid water level signals, and the signals of cut-off of HP feedwater heater from SCS. V The Water Level Control of LP (low-pressure) Feedwater Heater 1 The setting value is set manually. 2 During the normal running process, the water level of LP heater is controlled by regulating the jaw opening of the water level control valve for LP feedwater heater. When the water level of LP feedwater heater is too high, it will be controlled by regulating the jaw opening of the emergency water discharge valve for LP feedwater heater at the same time. When the control loop is under the manual operation, the setting value of the water level will follow the actual level. After the control loop switches to the automatic operation, it can be set by the operator. The regulator setting value of the emergency water discharge valve for LP feedwater heater is higher than the setting value of the normal water level. 3 The M/A station of the regulator will switch to the manual operation caused by the followings: deviations of regulator PV and SP, over limited deviations of valve position and instructions, invalid water level signals, and the signals of cut-off of LP feedwater heater from SCS. 4 The No.6 LP feedwater heater has something special. A normal water discharge valve contains A and B and it must be ensured that the normal water discharge valves from No.6 LP feedwater heater to No.7A and No.7B can work at the same time.
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VI 1.

The Condensate Water System The hot well water level control of the steam condenser The hot well water level of the steam condenser B is controlled by controlling the two parallel pneumatic control valves (No.1 feedwater control valve and No.2 feedwater control valve). The hot well water level of the steam condenser A doesnt need to be considered.

2. 3.

The entrance control valve of the condensate storage water tank, it is controlled by open-loop. The water level control of the condensate water storage tank The water level of the supplementary condensate water tank is controlled by regulating the control valve on the feeding process from water treatment to supplementary water tank. This belongs to single-loop regulation. There are two control valves, each of which has its own regulator.

4 The minimum flow control of the condensate water The minimum flow control of the condensate water is controlled by regulating the recirculating flow control valve of the condensate water. This belongs to single-loop regulation. 5 The seal water pressure control of the condensate pump The seal water pressure of the condensate pump is controlled by regulating the seal water control valve of the condensate water. This belongs to single-loop regulation.

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Chapter 5

SCS Control

Functions of SCS (sequence control section): It contains the device level operations. It has the protection and interlocking functions. The operator can make a single operation to each of all the devices through a CRT so that each device can be started or stopped (opened or shut) singly. When there is failure situation, the device will be started or stopped (opened or shut) automatically. Interlocking refers to the linkage among several devices. The operations without any special instructions should be manually operated by the operator according to the specific cases. Both the permissive conditions and all the conditions should be realized simultaneously. But either the interlocking conditions or all the conditions being realized is available. After sending the instructions in every step of the sequence control, the instruction in the next step will not be sent until the feedback signal in the last step arrives at regular intervals, or else the sequence control will fail.

5.1 Boiler breathing air system Boiler breathing air system Control logicIncluding air preheater, suction fan, blower, a blower and related equipment start and stopAt the same time, the design can be achieved unilateral air preheater, citing fan blower sequence started, Functional group can also be used to sequence controlled by start and stop control. 5 1 1 Design of sequence control logic is as follows 1) Air Preheater A group voted to use sequential control logic is as follows: (A / B side of the same) controlled step-by-step sequence Step one: Start A air preheater A, B lubricating oil pump Step two: Purchase of Air preheater A choice of main motor for the distance Step three: Start air preheater A auxiliary motors Step four: open air preheater A primary air and secondary air exports tailgate Step five: open air preheater A gas import valve Step six: open air preheater A main motor, (To be the main motor started, stop the motor-assisted)

2) Air Preheater A group Shun disable control logic is as follows: (A / B side of the same) Sequential controlled stopped allowing conditions: (1) IDF A has stopped (2) FDF A has stopped
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(3) PDF A has stopped

controlled step-by-step sequence Step one: close air preheater A gas import valve Step two: close air preheater A primary air and secondary air exports tailgate Step three: Stop air preheater A main motor

3) IDF A group voted to use sequential control logic is as follows: (A / B side of the same) controlled step-by-step sequence Step one: Start selected # 1, # 2 cooling fans Step two: Close Electrostatic precipitator A export gas baffle Open IDF A exports tailgate Purchase Induced Draft Fan A guide vane for the 0% Step three: start Induced Draft Fan Step four: Open electrostatic precipitator A export gas baffle

4) A group of Induced Draft Fan

sequential

controlled disable logic is as follows: (A / B side of the same)

controlled step-by-step sequence Step one: Purchase Induced Draft Fan A guide vane for the 0% Step two: Stop Induced Draft Fan Step three: close electrostatic precipitator A export gas baffle and IDF A exports tailgate

5) FDF A group voted to use sequential control logic is as follows: (A / B side of the same) controlled step-by-step sequence Step one: start FDF A petrol filling station pumps Step Two: close FDF A exports tailgate Purchase FDF A guide vane for the 0% Step Three: start FDF A Step Two: Open FDF A exports tailgate 6) A group of FDF A sequential controlled disable logic is as follows: (A / B side of the same)

controlled step-by-step sequence Step one: Purchase FDF A guide vane for the 0%
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Step Two: Stop FDF A Step Three: Close FDF A exports tailgate

7) PDF A group voted to use sequential control logic is as follows: (A / B side of the same) controlled step-by-step sequence Step one: Start a fan A petrol filling stations Step two: open air preheater exports A primary air baffle; The third step: PDF A customs export baffle; Purchase PDF A guide vane for the 0% Step four: Start PDF A Step five: Open PDF A export baffle

8) Primary Fan A group sequential control logic is as follows: (A / B side of the same) controlled step-by-step sequence Step one: Purchase PDF A guide vane for the 0% Step two: Stop PDF A Step three: Close PDF A export baffle

5 1 2 Device-level logic: (A, B side of the logic of the same) 1) FDF A: Start conditions: (to meet all of the following conditions) (1) A IDF running and the import and export valve opening, or B IDF running and import and export of valves open and export contact Precipitator tailgate has been open; (2) without the interlock A FDF stop signal (3) FDF A stops (4) FDF A export of valve closed (5) FDF A guide vane 0% (6) FDF B to run or the entrance guide vanes are not full-clearance, and FDF B export tailgate has been open (7)Air Preheater A secondary air export tailgate has been open, Or air preheater B secondary air export tailgate has been open and Contact blower door has been open (8) blower lubricants stations normal (no petrol filling stations with low and high temperature, no petrol stations pressure filter, and no oil filling stations down, no petrol filling stations with low oil level) (9) No FDF A bearing temperature high
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(10) No FDF A motor bearing temperature high (11) No FDF A motor coil temperature high (12) FDF A in the far-controlled manner (13)No electrical failure on FDF A Start conditions: (1) FDF A group voted to use sequential control; (1) FDF A group voted to stop sequential control; Trip conditions: (1) Air Preheater A stopped, and FDF A runs; (2) IDF A stopped, and FDF A running; (3) Any bearings vibration of FDF is HH, and then 10 seconds delay; (4) Any bearings temperature of FDFs motor is HH; (5) Any coils temperature of FDFs motor is HH; (6) Any bearings temperature of FDF is HH; (7) FDF A stalls; (8) FDF A has running for 60 seconds, and outlet damper is closed; (9) A signal to trip FDF A (From FSSS); (10) Lube oil supply for FDF A failed; 2) Outlet valve of FDF A: Interlock open: (1) FDF A is running, and then 30 seconds delay; (2) Both FDF A and B are stopped, and then 60 seconds delay; (3) FDF A group voted to use sequential control; Close permit: (1) FDF A is stopped; Interlock close: (1) FDF A is stopped, FDF B is running, and outlet damper of FDF B is not closed; (2) FDF A group voted to stop sequential control; (3) FDF A group voted to use sequential control; 3) Heater of lube oil for FDF A : Start permit: (1) Oil pump 1 or 2 of FDF A is running;
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(2) Level of oil tank is not low; (3) No operation inhibit for heater of FDF A; Interlock start permit (interlock in use) (1) Temperature of oil tank is L; (2) Oil pump 1 or 2 of FDF A is running; Interlock stop permit (interlock in use) (1) Temperature of oil tank is HH; 4) No.1 oil pump of FDF A: Start permit: (2) Level of oil tank is not low; (2) Oil station is remote control; (3) No operation inhibits; Interlock start: (1) Interlock of oil pump is in use, and FDF A is running, and oil stations pressure is L; (2) Interlock of oil pump is in use, and FDF A is running, and No.2 oil pump is failed; (3) Choose pump A, and sequence start command is on; Stop permit: (1) FDF A is stopped; (2) No.2 oil pump of FDF A is running; 5) No.2 oil pump of FDF A: Start permit: (1) Level of oil tank is not low; (2) Oil station is remote control; (3) No operation inhibits; Interlock start: (1) Interlock of oil pump is in use, and FDF A is running, and oil stations pressure is L; (2) Interlock of oil pump is in use, and FDF A is running, and No.1 oil pump is failed; (3) Choose pump A, and sequence start command is on; Stop permit: (1) FDF A is stopped; (2) No.1 oil pump of FDF A is running; 6) Tie outlet valve of FD Fan:
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Interlock open: (1) Both FDF A and B are stopped; Interlock close: (1) FDF B is running and Air preheater A is stopped; (2) FDF A is running and Air preheater B is stopped; (3) FDF A has stopped for 65 seconds, outlet damper and inlet vane are closed, and FDF B is running; (4) FDF B has stopped for 65 seconds, outlet damper and inlet vane are closed, and FDF A is running; 7) ID FAN A Start permit: (1) Cooling Fan A or B is running (2) No interlock stop of ID Fan A (3) Static vane of IDF A is closed, and outlet damper is open ,and inlet damper is closed, and IDF A is stopped (4) Air preheater A is running ,and inlet damper of Air preheater A is open (5) No IDF A bearing temperature high (6) No motor bearing temperature high (7) No coil of motor bearing temperature high (8) No operation inhibit (9) Other side is on: (9.1) Air preheater B is running ,or inlet damper of Air preheater B is open (9.2) Vane of IDF B is not closed, and outlet damper is open, and outlet damper of Cottrell B is open, and all auxiliary damper are in purge condition (9.3) Tie outlet valve of FDF B or secondary air damper of Air preheater B is open, and outlet damper of FDF B is open, and inlet vane of FDF B is open Interlock stop: (1) Air preheater A is running (2) All cooling fans of IDF A are stopped, and IDF A is running (3) Bearing temperature is HH (4) Motor s bearing temperature is HH (5) Motor s coil temperature is HH (6) Bearing vibration is HH, and 10 seconds delay (7) 10 seconds after IDF A is running , outlet or inlet damper is closed (8) A signal to trip FDF A (From FSSS);
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(9) All IDFs are running, but FDF A is stopped, 1 second delay; (10) Both FDF A and B are stopped; (11) IDF A stall, and 10 seconds delay; (12) No operation inhibits, no electric fault, remote control; Start permit: (1) IDF A group voted to use sequential control; Stop permit: (1) IDF A group voted to stop sequential control; 8) Outlet damper of Cottrell A: Interlock open: (1) IDF A is running, and 30 seconds delay; (2)Both IDF A and B are stopped, and 135 seconds delay; (3) Command from IDF A sequence start; Close permit: (1) IDF A is stopped; Interlock close: (1) IDF A is stopped, and IDF B is running; (2) Command from IDF A sequence stop; (3) Command from IDF A sequence start; 9) Outlet damper of IDF A : Interlock open: (1) IDF A is running, and 30 seconds delay; (2) Both IDF A and B are stopped, and 135 seconds delay; (3) Command from IDF A sequence start; Close permit: (1) IDF A is stopped; Interlock close: (1) IDF A is stopped, and IDF B is running; (2) Command from IDF A sequence stop; (3) Command from IDF A sequence start; 10) No.1 cooling fan of IDF A: Start permit:
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(1) No operation inhibits; tart permit : (1)Choose No.1, and IDF A group voted to use sequential control; Interlock start: (1)Choose No.1, and command form IDF A sequence start; (2)Interlock button is on, and No.2 cooling fan of IDF A failed; (3)Interlock button is on, and bearing temperature of IDF A is H; Stop permit: (1)IDF A is stopped, or No.2 cooling fan of IDF A is running; 11) No.2 cooling fan of IDF A: Start permit: (1) No operation inhibits; Start permit: (1)Choose NO.2, and IDF A group voted to use sequential control; Interlock start: (1)Choose No.2, and command form IDF A sequence start; (2)Interlock button is on, and No.1 cooling fan of IDF A failed; (3)Interlock button is on, and bearing temperature of IDF A is H; Stop permit: (1)IDF A is stopped, or No.1 cooling fan of IDF A is running; 12) Main motor of air preheater A: Start permit: (1)Steady and spigot bearing temperature of air preheater A is not H; (2)Remote control, no operation inhibit, no failed; (3) Steady and spigot bearing pump are running; (4) No total failed; (5) Power of air preheater As main motor is on; Interlock Start: (1)Air preheater A group voted to use sequential control; Stop permit: (1)Outlet gas temperature of air perheater is less than 205 degree; (2)FDF A is stopped;
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(3)IDF A is stopped; (4)PAF A is stopped; (5)Inlet damper of air preheater A is closed; Interlock stop: (1)Pilot motor of air preheater A is running, and 10 seconds delay; (2)Air preheater has stopped for 10 seconds, when main motor of air preheater A is running; (3)Steady bearing temperature of air preheater is HH; (4)Spigot bearing temperature of air preheater is HH; (5)Air preheater A group voted to stop sequential control; 13) Pilot motor of air preheater A: Start permit: (1)Steady and spigot bearing temperature of air preheater A is not H; (2)Remote control, no operation inhibit, no failed; (3) Steady and spigot bearing pump are running; (4) No total failed; (5) Power of air preheater As pilot motor is on; Interlock start: (1)Air preheater A group voted to use sequential control; (2)After 5 seconds when main motor of air preheater A is not running, and no interlock stop command of main motor; Stop permit: (1)Outlet gas temperature of air perheater is less than 205 degree; (2)FDF A is stopped; (3)IDF A is stopped; (4)PAF A is stopped; (5)Inlet damper of air preheater A is closed; Interlock stop: (1)Main motor of air preheater A is running, and 10 seconds delay; (2)Air preheater has stopped for 10 seconds, when pilot motor of air preheater A is running; (3)Steady bearing temperature of air preheater is HH; (4)Spigot bearing temperature of air preheater is HH; (5)Air preheater A group voted to stop sequential control; 14) Inlet damper of air preheater A:
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Interlock open: (1)Both air preheater A and B are stopped, and then 15 seconds delay; (2)Air preheater A is running; (3)Command from air preheater A sequence start; Interlock close: (1)20 seconds after air prehater has stopped, and one of IDFs is running; (2)Command from air preheater A sequence stop; 15) Outlet damper of air preheater A: Interlock open: (1)Both air preheater A and B is stopped for 15 seconds; (2)Air prehater A is running; (3) Command from air preheater A sequence start; Interlock close: (1) 5 seconds after IDF A has running, and air preheater is stopped; 16) Secondary damper of air preheater A : Interlock open: (1)Both air preheater A and B is stopped for 15 seconds; (2)Air preheater A is running; (3) Command from air preheater A sequence start; Interlock close: (1)Air preheater A has stopped for 65 seconds, and FDF A is running; (2) Air preheater A has stopped for 65 seconds, and FDF B is running, and tied outlet valve of FDF is open; (3) Command from air preheater A sequence stop; 17) Steady bearing pump of Stop permit: (1) No operation inhibits, remote control, no electric fault; Interlock start: (1) Air preheater is running, and steady bearing temperature is great than 50 degree; (2) Command from air preheater A sequence start; Interlock stop: (1) Steady bearing temperature is less than 45 degree; 18) Spigot bearing pump of Air Preheater A:
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Air Preheater

A:

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Stop permit: (1) No operation inhibits, remote control, no electric fault; Interlock start: (1) Air preheater is running, and spigot bearing temperature is great than 60 degree; (2) Command from air preheater A sequence start; Interlock stop: (1) Spigot bearing temperature is less than 50 degree; 19) PAF A : Start permit: (1) IDF A or B is running; (2) FDF A or B is running; (3) No protective stop condition of PAF A; (4) Inlet vane of PAF A is closed, and outlet valve is closed, and PAF A is stopped; (5) Primary hot-air damper of air preheater A is closed; (6) No MFT; (7) No bearing temperature is H, and no motor s bearing temperature is H, and no motor s coil temperature is H; (8) No oil stations total fault of PAF A; (9) No pressure of PAFs oil station is L, and no filter s differential pressure is H; (10) No flow of PAF As oil station is L; (11) No temperature of PAF As oil station is H; Interlock stop: (1) Air preheater A is stopped; (2) MFT (trip PAF); (3) Bearing temperature is HH; (4) Motor s bearing temperature is HH; (5) Motor s coil temperature is HH; (6) Axial oscillation is HH (drive end); (7) Axial oscillation is HH (opposite drive end); (8) After 60 seconds when PAF A has running, and outlet valve of PAF A is closed; (9)Both oil station of PAF A are stopped, or pressure of oil station is LL; 20) Outlet damper of PAF A: Interlock open:
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(1) PAF A is running; (2) Both PAF A and B are stopped; (3) Command from PAF A sequence start; Close permit: (1) PAF A is stopped; Interlock close: (1) Both PAF A and B are stopped, and outlet damper of PAF B is not closed; (2) Command from PAF A sequence start; (3) Command from PAF A sequence stop; 21) Oil station of PAF A: Start permit: (1) Remote control; (2) Operation permit; (3) No fault of oil station; (4) No operation inhibits; Interlock start: (1) Command from PAF A sequence start; 22) A side cold primary air damper : Close permit: (1)PAF A is stopped, and PAF B is running, and outlet damper of PAF B is not closed; 23) Tie outlet damper of PA Fan: Open permit: (1)Both PAF A and B are stopped, and 80 seconds delay; Close permit: (1)Air preheater A is stopped, and PAF B is running; (2)Air preheater B is stopped, and PAF A is running; (3)PAF A is running, and PAF B is stopped, 65 seconds delay, and inlet vane or outlet damper is not closed; (4)PAF B is running, and PAF A is stopped, 65 seconds delay, and inlet vane or outlet damper is not closed; 5.2 Boiler circuit part 5 2 1 Device level logic of boiler circuit as follows Drain valve of economizer's inlet collecting header (manually operated) Drain valve of feedwater console (manually operated) Drain valve of ceiling superheater's inlet collecting header (manually operated)
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Drain valve 1-4 of rear shaft's ring collecting header (manually operated) Drain valve 1-2 of recuperative reheater's inlet collecting header (manually operated)

6) Boiler feedwater valve Interlock open: (1)Feedwater flow is more than 25%; Interlock close: (1)Feedwater flow is not more than 25%; (2) Front motor-operated valve of boiler bypass feedwater adjustable valve is open; (3) Rear motor-operated valve of boiler bypass feedwater adjustable valve is open; 7) Rear motor-operated valve of boiler drain valve(manually operated) 8) Front drain valve of boiler feedwater valve (manually operated) 9) Front drain valve of boiler feedwater valve (manually operated) 10) Front motor-operated valve of boiler bypass feedwater adjustable valve (manually operated) 11) Rear motor-operated valve of boiler bypass feedwater adjustable valve (manually operated) 12) Exhaust valve 1/2 for superheater start (manually operated) (2 open first, and then open 1; 1 close first, and then close2) 13) Main desuperheating motor-operated valve of superheater Interlock close: (1)Boiler load is less than 20%; (2)MFT; 14) Main desuperheating motor-operated valve of reheater Interlock close: (1)Boiler load is less than 20%; (2)MFT; 15) A side desuperheating water valve of reheater Interlock open: (1) A side desuperheating water adjustable valve of reheater position > 5%; Interlock closed: (1)Boiler load is less than 20%; (2)MFT; (3) A side desuperheating water adjustable valve of reheater position < 5%;
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16) B side desuperheating water valve of reheater Interlock open: (1) B side desuperheating water adjustable valve of reheater position > 5%; Interlock close: (1)Boiler load is less than 20%; (2)MFT; (3) B side desuperheating water adjustable valve of reheater position < 5%; 17) Emergency desuperheating water valve of reheater Interlock open: (1) Emergency desuperheating water adjustable valve of reheater position > 5%; Interlock close: (1)Boiler load is less than 20%; (2)MFT; (3) Emergency desuperheating water adjustable valve of reheater position < 5%; 18) First desuperheating water valve of superheater Interlock open: (1) First desuperheating water adjustable valve of superheater position > 5%; Interlock close: (1)Boiler load is less than 20%; (2)MFT; (3) First desuperheating water adjustable valve of superheater position < 5%; 19) A side secondary desuperheating water valve of superheater Interlock open: (1) A side secondary desuperheating water adjustable valve of superheater position > 5%; Interlock close: (1)Boiler load is less than 20%; (2)MFT; (3) A side secondary desuperheating water adjustable valve of superheater position < 5%; 20) B side secondary desuperheating water valve of superheater Interlock open: (1) B side secondary desuperheating water adjustable valve of superheater position > 5%;
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Interlock close: (1)Boiler load is less than 20%; (2)MFT; (3) B side secondary desuperheating water adjustable valve of superheater position < 5%; 21) A side third desuperheating water valve of superheater Interlock open: (1) A side third desuperheating water adjustable valve of superheater position > 5%; Interlock close: (1)Boiler load is less than 20%; (2)MFT; (3) A side third desuperheating water adjustable valve of superheater position < 5%; 22) B side third desuperheating water valve of superheater Interlock open: (1) B side third desuperheating water adjustable valve of superheater position > 5%; Interlock close: (1)Boiler load is less than 20%; (2)MFT; (3) B side third desuperheating water adjustable valve of superheater position < 5% ; 23) Superheated steam PCV Interlock open: (1)Pressure of superheated steam is H; Interlock close: (1)Pressure of superheated steam is L; 24) Exhaust valve 1/2 for superheater start (manually operated) (2 open first, and then open 1; 1 close first, and then close2) 25) Exhaust valve 1/2 for reheater start (manually operated) (2 open first, and then open 1; 1 close first, and then close2) 26) Emergency drain valve 1/2 of boiler drum (manually operated) (2 open first, and then open 1; 1 close first, and then close2) 27) Continuous blowdown valve of boiler drum (manually operated) 28) Main periodic blowdown motor-operated valve of front wall
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Interlock open: (1)Command from periodic blowdown valves sequence open; Close permit: (1)No.1/2/3/4 periodic blowdown motor-operated valves of front wall are closed; Interlock close: (1)No.1/2/3/4 periodic blowdown motor-operated valves of front wall are closed; (2)Command from periodic blowdown valves sequence close; 29) No.1 periodic blowdown motor-operated valve of front wall (2/3/4/5/6 same as 1) Open permit: (1)Main periodic blowdown motor-operated valve of front wall is open Interlock open: (1)Command from periodic blowdown valves sequence open; Interlock close: (1)Command from periodic blowdown valves sequence close; 30) Main periodic blowdown motor-operated valve of a side wall Interlock open: (1)Command from periodic blowdown valves sequence open; Close permit: (1) No.1/2/3/4/5/6 periodic blowdown motor-operated valves of a side wall are closed; Interlock close: (1) No.1/2/3/4/5/6 periodic blowdown motor-operated valves of a side wall are closed; (2)Command from periodic blowdown valves sequence close; 31) No.1 periodic blowdown motor-operated valve of a side wall (2/3/4/5/6 same as 1) Open permit: (1) Main periodic blowdown motor-operated valve of a side wall is open; Interlock open: (1)Command from periodic blowdown valves sequence open; Interlock close: (1)Command from periodic blowdown valves sequence close; 32) Main periodic blowdown motor-operated valve of rear wall Interlock open: (1)Command from periodic blowdown valves sequence open;
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Close permit: (1) No.1/2/3/4 periodic blowdown motor-operated valves of rear wall are closed; Interlock close: (1) No.1/2/3/4 periodic blowdown motor-operated valves of rear wall are closed; (2)Command from periodic blowdown valves sequence close; 33) No.1 periodic blowdown motor-operated valve of rear wall (2/3/4/5/6 same as 1) Open permit: (1)Main periodic blowdown motor-operated valve of rear wall is open; Interlock open: (1)Command from periodic blowdown valves sequence open; Interlock close: (1)Command from periodic blowdown valves sequence close; 34) Main periodic blowdown motor-operated valve of b side wall Interlock open: (1)Command from periodic blowdown valves sequence open; CLose permit: (1) No.1/2/3/4 periodic blowdown motor-operated valves of b side wall are closed; Interlock close: (1) No.1/2/3/4 periodic blowdown motor-operated valves of b side wall are closed; (2)Command from periodic blowdown valves sequence close; 35) No.1 periodic blowdown motor-operated valve of b side wall (2/3/4/5/6 same as 1) Open permit: (1) Main periodic blowdown motor-operated valve of b side wall is open; Interlock open: (1)Command from periodic blowdown valves sequence open; Interlock close: (1)Command from periodic blowdown valves sequence close; 36) Periodic blowdown valves sequence close control (1) Close No.1/2/3/4/5/6 periodic blowdown motor-operated valves of front wall; (2) Close main periodic blowdown motor-operated valve of front wall, and close No.1/2/3/4/5/6 periodic blowdown motor-operated valves of rear wall;
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(3) Close main periodic blowdown motor-operated valve of rear wall, and close No.1/2/3/4/5/6 periodic blowdown motor-operated valves of a side wall; (4) Close main periodic blowdown motor-operated valve of a side wall, and close No.1/2/3/4/5/6 periodic blowdown motor-operated valves of b side wall; (5) Close main periodic blowdown motor-operated valve of b side wall; 37) The System of Feedwater Pump Unit Permissive starting conditions of the motor-driven feedwater pump: (1)The lubricating oil pressure of the motor-driven pump is normal; (2)The minimum flow recirculating valve position of the motor-driven feedwater pump is higher than ninety percent; (3)The liquid level of the deaerator is not lower than value I; (4)The motor-driven door at the pre-pump entrance of the motor-driven feedwater pump is completely opened; (5)The hydraulic coupler valve position of the motor-driven feedwater pump is the lowest (lower than thirty percent) or the motor-driven pump is used under the interlocking operation; (6)The motor winding temperature of the motor-driven feedwater pump is not high (six points); (7)The motor bearing temperature of the motor-driven feedwater pump is not high (eighteen points); (8)The oil temperatures at the lubricating oil cooler exit of the motor-driven feed water pump is high-high; (9)The oil temperatures at the working oil cooler entrance of the motor-driven feedwater pump is high-high; (10)The oil temperature at the working oil cooler exit of the motor-driven feedwater pump is not high; (11)The entrance pressure of the motor-driven feedwater pump is normal (higher than 0.2Mpa in cold state) or the pressure is normal (higher than 0.1Mpa in hot state) under the interlocking operation; (12) The motor-driven door at the exit of the motor-driven feedwater pump is closed; (13)The motor driven door of the boiler feedwater pump that pumps the water to the feedwater pipe is closed; (14)No electric trip, non-forbidden operations, non-interlocking trip conditions and non-local control. The motor-driven feedwater pump 10LAJ10AP001 (1)When the permissive conditions occur, manually starting or stopping the motor-driven feedwater pump is available. (2)Under the interlocking operation, the motor-driven feedwater pump will be started through the interlocking operation when the tripping operation occurred to any steam pump (non-MFT occurrence). (3)When any protection tripping conditions of the motor-driven feedwater pump occurs, the feedwater pump will be started through the protection interlock. The protection tripping conditions of the motor-driven feedwater pump IF ONE OF THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS OCCURS WHILE THE MOTOR- DRIVEN FEEDWATER PUMP IS RUNNING, THE
PROTECTION TRIP WILL BE TRIGGERED:

(1)The pre-pump entrance of the motor-driven pump is closed; (2)The pressure in the lubricating oil mother pipe of the motor-driven feedwater pump is lower than 0.08Mpa; (3)The pressure at the entrance of the motor-driven feedwater pump is low-low (LL) after the motor-driven pump has run thirty seconds. This will delay five seconds; (4)The water flow at the entrance of the motor-driven feedwater pump is low and the minimum flow recirculating valve position of the motor-driven feedwater pump is lower than 60 percent. And this will delay eight seconds; (5)Whether the deaerator water level is low-low;
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(6)Whether the temperature of any motor-driven feedwater pump and motor bearing is high-high (eighteen points); (7)Whether the oil temperature at the entrance of the motor-driven pumps working oil cooler is high-high. The auxiliary lubricating oil pump for the hydraulic coupler oil system of the motor-driven feedwater pump 10LAJ10AP003 (1)Manually starting or stopping this oil pump is available. (2)Under the interlocking operation, if one of the following conditions occurs, this auxiliary oil pump will be started through the interlocking operation. The lubricating oil pipe pressure of the motor-driven feedwater pump is lower than 0.15Mpa; The motor-driven pump is stopped running. (3) In interlocking, the follows can interlock to stop this auxiliary oil pump: electrical pump operating and electrical driven feed pump providing the lube pipe with a pressure>0.3MPa (undetermined). Electrical driven feed pump front inlet electrically operated door 10LAH10AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Closing this valve is totally forbidden, when electrical driven feed pump in operation. Electrical driven feed pump outlet electrically operated door 10LAH10AA003 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Shutdown electrical pump, interlock to close this door. Electrical driven feed pump minimum flow recycle valve (magnet valve) 10LAH10AA101 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Electrical driven feed pump inlet flow in a lower degree, open the adjusting valve, adjusting could be operated when flow rate restored normally for 8 seconds. Electrical driven feed pump to reheater desalt electrically operated door 10LAF50AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Steam pump A (B) front start enabled condition (1) Steam feed pump minimum flow recycle valve>90% (2) Deaerator liquid level no less than I; (3) Steam feed pump fore pump inlet electrically operated door fully opened; (4) Electrically operated door for boiler upper pump to high pressure feed pipe closed; (5) Steam feed pump fore pump driving end radial bearing temperature is not high; (6) Steam feed pump fore pump free end radial bearing temperature is not high; (7) Feed pump turbine lube oil pressure is not low; (8) No electrical tripping, no forbidden operation, no place for interlock tripping, no local control. Steam pump A (B) fore pump 10LAC11AP001 (10LAC12AP001) (1) If it is allowable, fore pump could be opened/closed manually;; (2) Any protecting tripping condition of fore pump occurred, protect interlocking tripping steam pump fore pump Steam pump A (B) fore pump protecting interlock tripping conditions Any conditions below occurred in the operation of this fore pump, conduct protecting interlock tripping: (1)Steam feed pump fore pump inlet electrically operated door closed; (2) Steam feed pump inlet flow in low-low degree, the opening degree of recycle valve adjusting valve<60% 8 seconds delay; (3) Deaerator water level in low-low degree;
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(4) Steam pump fore pump driving end radial bearing temperature in high-high degree; (5) Steam pump fore pump free end radial bearing temperature in high-high degree. Steam feed pump A (B) fore pump inlet electrically operated door 10LAB11AA001 (10LAB12AA001) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Fore pump in Operation, closing this valve is strictly forbidden. Steam feed pump A (B) outlet electrically operated door 10LAB11AA003 (10LAB12AA003) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Steam pumps tripping, interlock to close this door. Steam feed pump A (B) minimum flow recycle valve (magnet valve) 10LAB11AA101 (10LAB12AA101) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Steam feed pump inlet flow in low-low degree, adjusting valve shall be opened immediately; adjusting by the adjusting valve can be conducted 8 seconds after the flow getting right. Steam feed pump A (B) to rehearter desalt electrically operated door10LAF51AA001 (10LAF52AA001) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually;. 38) Small Machine Related System Feed pump turbine A(B) lube system main oil pump AB 10MAV50AP10110MAV50AP102(10MAV60AP101 10MAV60AP102) (1) This pump could be started/stopped manually; (2)Main/Standby mode This pump n standby, when operating pump stopped or the operating pump supplying the pump turbine a low lube pressure, interlocking to start standby pump shall be conducted. Feed pump turbine A (B) lube system DC emergency oil pump10MAV50AP103 (10MAV60AP103) (1) This pump could be started/stopped manually; (2) When interlocking in operation, main oil pump of small machine stopped fully or the lube oil pressure of feed pump turbine is LL, interlocking to start this pump shall be conducted. Feed pump turbine A (B) lube system smoke exhaust fan 10MAV50AP104 (10MAV60AP104) a) This fan could be started/stopped manually; Feed pump turbine A (B) lube system electric heater 10MAV50AH101 (10MAV60AH101) (1)With sustaining the pump turbine oil tank in a proper level, this heater can be started/closed manually; (2) When interlocking in operation, one of the followings can interlock to stop this heater; Feed pump turbine oil tank in high temperature; Feed pump turbine oil tank in low-low level. Feed pump turbine A (B) system magnet valve 1(7YV) 10MAV50AA701 (10MAV60AA701) (1) Manually open/stop this valve Feed pump turbine A (B) system magnet valve2 (8YV) 10MAV50AA702 (10MAV60AA702) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Feed pump turbine A (B) low pressure cylinder drain valve 10MAL13AA101 (10MAL14AA101) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) When interlocking in operation, small machine tripping or loading is less than 20%, interlocking to open; (3) When interlocking in operation, loading is more than 20%, interlocking to close;
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Feed pump turbine A (B) sealing steam pump drain valve 10MAL13AA102 (10MAL14AA102) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) When interlocking in operation, small machine tripping or loading is less than 20%; interlocking to open; (3) When interlocking in operation, loading is more than 20%; interlocking to close; Feed pump turbine A (B) balance pipe drain valve 10MAL13AA103 (10MAL14AA103) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) When interlocking in operation, small machine tripping or loading is less than 20%; interlocking to open; (3) When interlocking in operation, loading is more than 20%; interlocking to close; Feed pump turbine A (B) high pressure cylinder drain valve 10LAC10GC001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) When interlocking in operation, small machine tripping or loading is less than 20%; interlocking to open; (3) When interlocking in operation, loading is more than 20%; interlocking to close; Steam feed pump fore pump thin oil station system10MAL13AA104 (10MAL14AA104) (1) Conducted by local PLC, remote manual operation function is provided by DCS. 39) Condensate Water System Condensate pump A (B) starting enabled conditions (1) Condensater water level in a proper degree; (3) Condense water pump motor winding temperature is not high (6 points); (4)Condensate water pump and motor bearing temperature is not high (4 points); (5) No electrical tripping, no interlocking tripping, no forbidden operation, no local control. Condensate water pump A (B) protecting tripping conditions (1) 15 seconds after this pump operated, the outlet door is still closed; (2) Condenser water level is in low-low degree; (4) Any condensate water pump and motor bearing temperature is in high-high degree (4 points). Condensate water pump A (B) 10LCB10AP001 (10LCB20AP001) (1) The following conditions fulfilled, this pump can be started/closed manually; (2) Two modes for manual starting pump: pump started after the pump valve interlocking in operation, 10% opening degree of outlet door; interlocking inactive, directly start the interlocking pump to open the door; (3) This pump in operation, protecting tripping occurred, interlock to stop this pump. (4) If pump is in standby position, when operation pump stopped or condensate water pump outlet main pipe pressure in low degree, standby pump shall be interlocked to start. Condensate water pump A (B) outlet electrically operated door 10LCA12AA003 (10LCA13AA003) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Pump valve interlocking in operation, the valve of starting pump shall be opened to 10% degree, then stop valve starting pump; fully open the valve after outlet main pipe pressure restored in proper degree; when interlocking inactive, pump is operating with interlocking valve; (3) Pump stopped, interlocking to close valve; Condensate water making up pump10LCP10AP001 (1) This pump could be opened/closed manually; (2) If this pump in interlocking position, condensater water level in low degree, pump shall be interlocked to start; when water level restored, interlock to stop. Condensate water making up pump recycle electrically operated door 10LCP12AA001 (1) This valve could be started/stopped manually;
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(2) Pump started, interlock to open outlet valve; pump stopped, interlock to close outlet door. Condensater normal making up electrically operated door 10LCP70AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Pump started, interlock to open outlet valve; pump stopped, interlock to close outlet door. Condensater accident making up electrically operated door 10LCP40AA130 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Accident making up interlocking in operation, condensater water level in low-low degree, interlock to open valve; water level not in low degree, interlock to close valve. Condensater water level adjusting valve bypass electrically operated door 10LCP11AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Condensater water level in low degree and the adjusting valve fault, interlock to open valve; condensater water level restored, interlock to close valve. Deaerator water level adjusting bypass electrically operated door 10LCA10AA004 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Deaerator water level in High II, interlock to close and open prohibited Condensate water recirculating flow adjusting valve bypass electrically operated door 10LCA42AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Condensate water flow in low-low degree or deaerator water level in High II, interlock to open and close prohibited; (2) Deaerator water level in not high I, interlock to close. Feed pump turbine A (B) exhaust steam desalt water electrically operated door 10LCE11AA001 (10LCE11AA002) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Feed pump turbine exhaust steam in high temperature, interlock to open; feed pump turbine exhaust temperature in normal degree, interlock to close. Low pressure cylinder water jet main pipe electrically operated door 10LCE17AA003 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Low pressure exhaust temperature (front , right) in high degree or low pressure exhaust steam temperature (rear, left) in high degree, interlock to open; low pressure exhaust steam temperature (front, right) in normal degree and low pressure exhaust temperature (rear, left) in normal degree, interlock to close. Drain flash tank I (II) desalt water electrically operated door 10LCE19AA001 (10LCE14AA001) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Drain flash tank in high temperature, interlock to open; Drain flash tank in normal temperature, interlock to close. Boiler charging pump 10LCP20AP001 a) This pump could be started/stopped manually; Boiler charging pump to high pressure feed pipe electrically operated door 10LCP21AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Outlet water pressure of high pressure heater >1.4MPa, interlock to close; water pressure in normal condition and pump in full stoppage, opening valve is allowable. Closed circuit cooling water expansion tank electrically operated door10LCP30AA003 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Closed circuit cooling water expansion tank electrical adjusting valve fault and closed circuit cooling water expansion tank water level in low degree, or closed circuit cooling water expansion tank water level in low-low degree, interlock to open; closed circuit cooling water expansion tank water level in normal condition,
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interlock to close. side A (B)condenser taprogge system 10PAH11GC00110PAH12GC001 (1) This equipment could be started/stopped manually; Condenser A(B)side secondary strainer 10PAH11GC00110PAH12GC001 (1) This equipment could be started/stopped manually; Condenser A (B) side circuit water inlet secondary strainer wash water valve10PAH41AA001 (10PAH42AA001) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Condenser A (B) side circuit water inlet electrical valve 10PAH21AA001 (10PAH22AA001) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually;. Condenser A (B) side circuit water outlet electrical valve 10PAH31AA001 (10PAH32AA001) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Coal mill fire control steam gate 10LBX70AA006 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; 40) Circuit Cooling Water System Closed circuit cooling water pump A (B) starting enabled conditions (1) Closed circuit cooling water expansion tank water level not in low degree; (2) Closed circuit water-pump motor stator coil temperature not in high degree (6 points); (3) Closed circuit water pump and motor bearing temperature not in high degree (4 points); (4) No electrical tripping, no interlocking tripping, no restricted operation, no local control; Closed circuit cooling water pump A (B) protecting tripping conditions (1) 15 seconds after this pump in operation, outlet is still closed; (2) Closed circuit cooling water expansion tank water level in low-low degree; (3) Any closed circuit water pump and motor bearing temperature in high-high degree (4 points); Closed circuit cooling water pump A (B) 10PGA11AP001 (10PGA12AP001) (1) This pump could be started/stopped manually; when the following conditions fulfilled; (2) Two types for manual start pump: pump valve interlocking in operation, firstly open the outlet with 10% of full opening degree, and then start the pump; interlocking not in activation, start the pump interlocking to open the valve; (3) This pump in operation, protecting tripping conditions occurred, interlock to stop this pump. (4) If this pump is in standby position, when operating pump stopped or outlet main pipe pressure in low degree, protect interlocking and start standby pump. Closed circuit cooling water pump A (B) outlet electrically operated door 10PGA11AA001 (10PGA12AA001) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Pump valve interlocking in operation, start the pump and open the valve to 10% opening degree, and then stop valve and start pump; when outlet main pipe pressure in proper degree, fully open the valve; interlocking not in activation, pump is in operation and interlock to open the valve; (3) Pump is stopped, interlock to close valve; Closed circuit cooling water heating exchanger A(B)sea water side inlet electrically operated door 10PCB31AA001(10PCB32AA001) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Closed circuit cooling water heating exchanger A(B)sea water side outlet electrically operated door (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Closed circuit cooling water heating exchanger A(B)cooling water inlet electrically operated door 10PGA21AA001(10PGA22AA001)
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(1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Closed circuit cooling water heating exchanger A(B)cooling water outlet electrically operated door10PGA21AA002(10PGA22AA002) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Equipment room cooling water backwater electrically operated door 12 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Boiler room cooling water backwater main pipe electrically operated door 10PGA50AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Steam turbine oil cooler cooling backwater main pipe electrically operated door 10PGA34AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Feed pump turbine lube oil cooler backwater electrically operated door 10PGA31AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Sea water booster pump A (B) 10PCC21AP001 (10PCC22AP001) (1) This pump could be started/stopped manually; when the following conditions fulfilled; Open (2) Enabled conditions: any closed circuit cooling water heating exchanger seawater side water passage cleared and seawater booster pump inlet electrically operated door open; (3) 15 seconds after this pump in operation, outlet is still closed or inlet electrically operated door is closed, interlock to stop this pump. (4) If this pump is in standby position, when operating pump stopped or outlet main pipes pressure in low degree, protect interlocking and start standby pump. Seawater booster pump A (B) inlet electrically operated door 10PCB21AA001 (10PCB22AA001) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Seawater booster pump in operation, closing the valve is prohibited. Seawater booster pump A (B) outlet electrically operated door 10PCB21AA002 (10PCB22AA002) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Pump in operation, interlock to open; pump in stoppage, interlock to close. Electrical water filter 10PCB22GC001 (1) Manually start/stop this equipment, when the following conditions fulfilled. (2) Electrical water filter front, rear electrically operated door opened and electrical water filter bypass electrically operated door closed, starting this equipment is permissible. Electrical water filter front electrically operated door 10PCB22AA004 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Electrical water filter bypass electrically operated door fully opened, closing this valve is permissible. Electrical water filter rear electrically operated door 10PCB22AA005 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Electrical water filter bypass electrically operated door fully opened, closing this valve is permissible. Electrical water filter bypass electrically operated door 10PCB23AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Electrical water filter front, rear electrically operated door fully opened, closing this valve is permissible. Electrical water filter waste water electrically operated door 10PCB24AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; 41) Gland Steam System Gland steam fan A (B) 10LBW20AN001 (10LBW21AN001)
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10PGA31AA00210PGA33AA001

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(1) This fan could be started/stopped manually; (2) If this fan is in standby position, when operating fan in stoppage or gland sealing heater steam side pressure in high degree, protect interlocking and start standby fan. (3) Gland steam fan inlet electrically operated door opened, starting fan is permissible; gland steam fan inlet electrically operated door closed, interlock to close fan. Gland steam fan A (B) inlet electrically operated door 10LBW20AA001 (10LBW21AA001) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Fan in operation, closing this door is prohibited. High pressure steam source control station steam inlet electrically operated door 10LBW13AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; High pressure steam source control station bypass electrically operated door X0LBW13AA003 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Auxiliary steam coming steam source electrically operated door 10LBW10AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Reheating cold section steam source electrically operated door 10LBW11AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Auxiliary steam source control station steam inlet electrically operated door 10LBW12AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Auxiliary steam source control station bypass electrically operated door 10LBW12AA003 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Overflow control station bypass electrically operated door 10LBW14AA002 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Low pressure gland desalt electrically operated door 10LBW15AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Dump valve 10LBW17AA001 (1) Manually open/close this valve. (2) DEH condition, interlock to close this valve. Cylinder interlayer steam inlet tank steam inlet valve 10MAW40AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; RFV throttle valve 10MAW10AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Cylinder interlayer heating drain valve 10MAW30AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Interlocking in operation, turbine tripping value or loading less than 10%, interlock to open; (3) Interlocking in operation, loading more than 10%, interlock to close. 42) High Pressure Heater Functional Group High pressure heater protecting (1) HPH water level in high 3 value, close the steam exhausting electrically operated door, check valve of related section, open front, rear drain valve, close HPH inlet, outlet electrically operated door related, open the HPH bypass electrically operated door related; (2) HPH water level in high 2 value, open the HPH dump valve related, close the previous HPH normal drain valve; (3) Set CRT manual emergency step out for each HPH, close steam exhausting electrically operated door, check valve related, close HPH inlet, outlet electrically operated door related, open HPH bypass electrically
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operated door related. 1,2,3 steam exhausting electrically operated door 10LBQ10AA00110LBQ20AA00110LBQ30AA001 (1) Manually open/close this valve, when the following conditions fulfilled; (2) When HPH emergency step out, turbine tripping, related HPH water level in high 3 value, any condition above fulfilled, interlock to close this valve; (3)Enabled conditions for opening: no condition for interlocking to close; 1,2,3 steam exhausting check valve 10LBQ10AA002 10LBQ20AA00210LBQ30AA002 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (3) When HPH emergency step out, turbine tripping value, any HPH water level in high 3 value, any of the conditions above fulfilled ,interlock to close this valve; (4) Set CRT button to general control opening/closing all steam exhausting check valves; 1,2,3 Section steam exhausting electrically operated front drain valve 10LBQ10AA401 10LBQ20AA401 10LBQ30AA401 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) When turbine draining in group, turbine tripping, related steam exhausting electrically operated door closed, and HPH water level in high 3 value, plant units loading <10% (3 sections are 20% in all), any condition above fulfilled, interlock to open this valve; (3) When turbine draining in group, plant units loading >10% (3 sections are 20% in all) and no condition for interlocking to close, interlock to close this valve. 1,2,3 section steam exhausting check valve rear drain valve 10LBQ10AA40210LBQ20AA40210LBQ30AA402 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) When turbine draining in group, turbine tripping, related steam exhausting electrically operated door closed, HPH water level in high 2 value, plant units loading <10%(3 sections are 20% in all), any condition above fulfilled, interlock to open this valve; (3) When turbine draining in group, plant units loading >10% (3 sections are 20% in all) and no condition for interlocking to close, interlock to close this valve. 1,2,3 HPH inlet electrically operated door 10LAB30AA00510LAB30AA00310LAB30AA001 (1) Manually open/close this valve, when the following conditions fulfilled; (2) HPH emergency step out or related HPH water level in high 3 value, protect interlocking and close this valve; (3) Enabled conditions for opening: no condition for interlocking to close; (4)Enabled conditions for closing: HPH bypass electrically operated door related opened. 1,2,3 HPH outlet electrically operated door 10LAB30AA00610LAB30AA00410LAB30AA002 (1) Manually open/close this valve, when the enabled conditions fulfilled; (2) HPH emergency step out or HPH water level related in high 3 value, protect interlocking and close this valve; (3) Enabled conditions for opening: no condition for interlocking to close; (4) Enabled conditions for closing: HPH bypass electrically operated valve related opened. 1,2,3 HPH bypass electrically operated door 10LAB33AA00110LAB32AA00110LAB31AA001 (1) Manually open/close this valve, when the enabled condition fulfilled. (2) HPH emergency step out or HPH water level related in high 3 value, protect interlocking and open this valve; (3) Enabled condition for closing: No condition for interlocking to close and HPH inlet, outlet electrically operated valve related fully opened.
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1,2,3 HPH normal drain valve (magnet valve) 10LCH10AA10110LCH20AA10110LCH30AA101 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Related previous HPH water level in high 2 value, close the adjusting valve immediately, water level not in high 2 value for 2 seconds, adjusting valve is adjustable. 1,2,3 HPH dump drain valve 1 (magnet valve) 10LCH10AA10210LCH20AA10210LCH30AA102 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) HPH water level related in high 2 value, open adjusting valve immediately; water level not in high 2 value for 2 seconds, adjusting valve is adjustable. 1,2 HPH dump drain valve 2 (magnet valve) 10LCH10AA10310LCH20AA103 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Deaerator water level in high 2 value, close the adjusting valve immediately, water level not in high 2 value for 2 seconds, adjusting valve is adjustable. 43) LPH Functional Group LPH protecting (1) LPH water level in high 3 value, close related sections steam exhausting electrically operated valve, check valve, open front, rear drain valve, close related LPH inlet valve, outlet valve, open related LPH bypass valve; (2) LPH water level in high 2 value, open related LPH dump drain valve, close previous LPH normal drain valve. 5,6 exhausting electrically operated door 10LBS50AA00110LBS60AA001 (1) Manually open/close this valve, when the enabled condition fulfilled. (2) When turbine tripping or related LPH water level in high 3 value, interlock to close this valve; (3) Enabled condition for opening: No condition for interlocking to close. 5,6 exhausting check valve 10LBS50AA00210LBS60AA002 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) When turbine tripping or related LPH water level in high 3 value, any condition above fulfilled, interlock to close this valve; (3) Set CRT button, manually and generally control the opening/closing of steam exhausting check valve; 5,6 Section steam exhausting electrically operated door front drain valve 10LBS50AA40110LBS60AA401 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Turbine draining in group, turbine tripping, related steam exhausting electrically operated door closed, related LPH water level in high 3 value, plant units loading <30%, any condition above fulfilled, interlock to open this valve; (3) Turbine draining in group, plant units loading>30% and no condition for interlocking to open, interlock to close this valve. 5,6 section steam exhausting check valve rear drain valve 10LBS50AA40210LBS60AA402 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Turbine draining in group, turbine tripping, related steam exhausting electrically operated door closed, plant units loading <30%, related LPH water level in high 2 value, any condition above fulfilled, interlock to open this valve; (3) Turbine draining in group, plant units loading >30% and no condition for interlocking to open, interlock to close this valve. No.5 LPH outlet electrically operated door 10LCA40AA001 (1) Manually open/close this valve, when enabled conditions fulfilled; (2) Related LPH water level in high 3 valve, protect interlocking and close this valve;
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(3) Enabled condition for opening: no condition for interlocking to close; No.5 LPH outlet to circuit water backwater pipe electrically operated door 10LCA41AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; No.8 LPH inlet electrically operated door 10LCA10AA006 (1) Manually open/close this valve, when enabled condition fulfilled; (2) Any LPH water level of No.7,8 in high III value, (3) Enabled condition for closing: No.7, 8 bypasses electrically operated door fully opened. No.7 LPH outlet electrically operated door 10LCA20AA001 (1) Manually open/close this valve, when the enabled condition fulfilled; (2) Any No.7, 8 LPH water level in high III value, protects interlocking and closes this valve; (3) Enabled condition for closing: No.7, 8 LPH bypass electrically operated door fully opened. No.7, 8 LPH bypass electrically operated door 10LCA10AA005 (1) Manually open/close this valve, when the enabled condition fulfilled; (2) Any No.7, 8 LPH water level in high III value, protects interlocking and opens this valve; (3) Enabled condition for closing: No.7 LPH bypass outlet electrically operated door, No.8 LPH inlet electrically operated door fully opened. No.5 ,6, 7, 8 LPH normal drain valve (magnet valve) 10LCJ50AA10110LCJ60AA10110LCJ70AA101 10LCJ80AA101 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) The related previous LPH water level in high II value, close the adjusting valve immediately; water level not in high II value for 2 seconds, adjusting valve is adjustable. No.5, 6, 7, 8 LPH dump drain valve (magnet valve) 10LCJ51AA101 10LCJ61AA101 10LCJ71AA101 10LCJ81AA101 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Related LPH water level in high II value, open the adjusting valve immediately; water level not in high II for 2 seconds, adjusting valve is adjustable. 44) Deaerator and Four-section Steam Extracting System Deaerator protecting (1) Deaerator water level in high 3 value, close 4 extracting electrically operated door, check valve, open front, rear drain valve, close auxiliary steam to deaerator electrically operated door, close 4 extracting to deaerator electrically operated door, open deaerator to condenser drain flash tank electrically operated door; (2) Deaerator water level in high II value, close HPH dump drain adjusting valve 2, deaerator water level bypass electrically operated door, open condenser water recirculating mass adjusting valve bypass electrically operated door; (3) Deaeraor water level in high II value, protect interlocking and close steam pump A, B fore pump, electric pump. 4 extracting 1 electrically operated door 10LBS40AA001 (1) Manually open/close this valve, when the enabled condition fulfilled; (2) When turbine tripping or deaerator water level in high III value, interlock to close this valve; (4) Enabled condition for opening: no condition for interlocking to close. 4 extracting 1 check valve #1#2 10LBS40AA00210LBS40AA003 (1) Manually open/close this valve; (2) When turbine tripping, deaerator water level in high III value, any condition fulfilled, interlock to close this valve;
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(4) Set CRT button, be able to control the opening/closing all steam extracting check valve generally. 4 extracting 1 electrically operated door fore drain valve 10LBS40AA401 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Turbine draining in group, turbine tripping, 4 extracting 1 electrically operated door closed, deaerator water level in high 2 value, plant unit loading <20%, any condition above fulfilled, interlock to open this valve; (3) Turbine draining in group, plant units loading >20% and no condition for interlocking to open, interlock to close this valve. 4 extracting 1 check valve 2 rear drain valve 10LBS40AA402 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Turbine draining in group, turbine tripping, 4 extracting 1 electrically operated door closed, deaerator water level in high II value, plant units loading <20%, any condition above fulfilled, interlock to open this valve; (3) Turbine draining in group, plant units loading >20% and no condition for interlocking to open, interlock to close this valve. 4 extracting 2 check valve 10LBS41AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) When turbine tripping, two small machines in full tripping, any condition above fulfilled, interlock to close this valve; (4) Set CRT button, be able to control opening/closing steam extracting check valve generally. 4 extracting 2 check valve fore drain valve 10LBS41AA401 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) When turbine draining in group, turbine tripping, 4 extracting 2 check valve closed, two small machines in full tripping, plant units loading <20%, any condition above fulfilled, interlock to open this valve; (3) Turbine draining in group, plant units loading>20% and no condition for interlocking to open, interlock to close this valve. 4 extracting deaerator electrically operated door 10LBS43AA001 (1) Manually open/close this valve, when enabled condition fulfilled; (2) When turbine tripping or deaerator water level in high III value or 4 extracting 1 electrically operated door closed or deaerator pressure >1Mpa, interlock to close this valve; (3) Enabled condition for opening: no turbine tripping and 4 extracting 1 electrically operated door fully opened and deaerator water level not in high 1 value. Deaerator and condenser drain flash tank electrically operated door 10LAA40AA401 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Deaerator water level in high III value, interlock to open; (3) Valve fully opened, deaerator water level not in high I value or condenser vacuity dropped, interlock to close. Deaerator to regular discharging electrically operated door 10LAA40AA404 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Valve fully closed, condenser vacuity dropped, interlock to open; (3) Valve fully opened, deaerator water level not in high I value, interlock to close. Deaerator steam discharging electrically operated door 10LAA40AA501 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Feed pump turbine A (B) steam inlet (4-section steam extracting) electrically operated door 10LBR21AA001 (10LBR22AA001) (1) Manually open/close this valve, when enabled condition fulfilled;
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(2) When small machine tripping or 4-extracting 2 check valve closed or loading less than a certain value, interlock to close this valve; (3) Enabled condition for opening: no small machine tripping and 4-extracting 2 check valve fully opened. Feed pump turbine A (B) steam inlet (4-section steam extracting) drain valve 10LBR21AA401 (10LBR22AA401) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) When turbine draining in group, small machine tripping, feed pump turbine steam inlet (4-section steam extracting) electrically operated door closed, any condition above fulfilled, interlock to open this valve; (3) When turbine draining in group, feed pump turbine steam inlet (4-section steam extracting) electrically operated door opened and no condition for interlocking to open, interlock to close this valve. Feed pump turbine A(B)steam extracting electrically operated door 10LBR31AA001(10LBR32AA001) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Small machine in operation, interlock to open; (3) Small machine tripping, interlock to close and opening this valve will be prohibited. Auxiliary steam header to deaerator steam supply electrically operated door 10LBG17AA001 (1) Manually open/close this valve, when enabled condition fulfilled; (2) Auxiliary steam interlocking in operation and valve fully opened, 4-section steam extracting pipe 1 pressure (aside of deaerator) >0.25MPa, interlock to close this valve; (3) Deaerator pressure >1Mpa or Deaerator water level in high 3 value, interlock to close this valve; (4) Auxiliary steam interlocking in operation and valve fully closed, 4-section steam extracting pipe 1 pressure (aside of deaerator) <0.25MPa, interlock to open this valve. Auxiliary steam header to deaerator adjustable electrically operated door 10LBS40AA005 (1) Manually open/close this valve, when enable condition fulfilled; (2) Auxiliary steam interlocking in operation, 4-section steam extracting pipe 1 pressure (aside of deaerator) >0.25MPa, interlock to close this valve; (3) Deaerator pressure>1Mpa or deaerator water level in high III value, interlock to close this valve; (4) Auxiliary steam interlocking in operation, 4-section steam extracting pipe 1 pressure (aside of deaerator) <0.25MPa, interlock to open this valve. 45) Turbine Water Proof Principles for water proof control classification (1) Turbine steam source pipe system, turbine and drain valves of turbines each steam extracting pipe system are classified into high, middle, low pressure drain group; (2) As the group operated target for water proof, exclusive of the check valve of each steam extracting devices; (3) For each high, middle, low pressure group, the valves opening/closing is determined by the draining capacity. Loading is classified as 10%, 20% , 30%MCR; Turbine high pressure group drain valve group (11 valves in all) Turbine high pressure steam inlet pipe (left) drain valve 10LBA11AA401; Turbine high pressure steam inlet pipe (right) drain valve10LBA12AA401; Turbine high pressure cylinder steam discharging pipe drain valve 10LBC20AA401; High pressure adjusting valve, valve main steam pipe drain valve 10MAL11AA101; High pressure main steam valve body upper (fore part of main steam valve) drain valve 10MAL11AA104; High pressure adjusting valve shell lower part (rear part of main steam valve) drain valve 10MAL11AA102; High pressure inner cylinder drain valve 10MAL11AA103; Section 1 steam extracting electrically operated door fore drain valve, check valve rear drain valve 10LBQ10AA40110LBQ10AA402;
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Section II steam extracting electrically operated fore drain valve, check valve rear drain valve 10LBQ20AA40110LBQ20AA402; Turbine middle pressure group drain valve (9 valves in all) Turbine reheating steam inlet pipe (left) drain valve 10LBB11AA401; Turbine reheating steam inlet pipe (right) drain valve10LBB12AA401; Feed pump turbine steam inlet (cold reheating steam) main pipe drain valve 10LBR10AA401; Middle pressure joint steam valve shell and middle pressure steam inlet chamber drain valve 10MAL12AA101; Section III steam extracting electrically operated door fore drain valve, check valve rear drain valve 10LBQ30AA40110LBQ30AA402; Section IV steam pipe 1 electrically operated door fore drain valve, check valve 2 rear drain valve, section IV steam extracting pipe 2 check valve fore drain valve 10LBS40AA40110LBS40AA40210LBS41AA401; Turbine low pressure group drain valve (4 valves in all) Section V steam extracting electrically operated door fore drain valve, check valve rear drain valve 10LBS50AA40110LBS50AA402; Section VI steam extracting electrically operated door fore drain valve, check valve rear drain valve 10LBS60AA40110LBS60AA402; Strategies for water proof control (1) Loading (10%MCR, open all the drain valves of high pressure group in package, conversely, close in package; (2) Loading (20%MCR, open all the drain valves of middle pressure group in package, conversely, close in package; (3) Loading (30%MCR, open all the drain valves of low pressure group in package, conversely, close in package; (4) Turbine tripping, open all drain valves of high, middle, low pressure group automatically; (5) Drain valves within the range of water proof are able to accept protecting interlocking as required; (6) Drain valves within the range of water proof are able to accept single operation. 46) Turbine Oil System Turbine exchanging lube pump 10MAV20AP101 (1) This oil pump could be started/stopped manually; (2) If this pump is in standby position, turbine rotates speed 2850rpm or lube oil pressure in low degree, interlock to start this oil pump. Turbine DC dump oil pump 10MAV10AP101 (1) This oil pump could be started/stopped manually; (2) If this pump is in standby position, turbine exchanging lube oil pump in stoppage, turbine exchanging lube oil pump starting fault occurred, lube oil pressure in low-low degree, any condition above fulfilled, interlock to start this oil pump. Turbine jacking oil pump A (B) 10MAV30AP101 (10MAV40AP101) (1) This oil pump could be started/stopped manually; when enabled condition fulfilled; (2) If this pump in standby position, when operating pump in stoppage or turbine rotate speed <2000rpm or operating pump outlet pressure in low degree, protect interlocking and start this oil pump; (3) When exchanging lube pump and DC dump oil pump in stoppage or turbine rotate speed>2100r/min, interlock to stop this oil pump; (4) Enabled condition for starting: inlet pressure of this oil pump is not in low degree.
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Turbine lube tank smoke exhausting fan A (B) 10MAV10AN001 (10MAV20AN001) (1) This fan could be started/stopped manually; (2) If this fan is in standby position, when operating fan in stoppage, interlock to start this fan. Turbine lube oil tank electrical heater A(B)10MAV10AH101(10MAV10AH101) (1) The electrical heater could be started/stopped manually; when enabled condition fulfilled; (2)Main oil tank level in low-low degree, interlocking in operation, main oil tank temperature in high degree, any enabled condition above fulfilled, interlock to stop this heater; (3) Enabled condition for starting: main oil tank level not in low degree. Exchanging lube oil pump interlocking testing relief magnet valve 10MAV00AA701 (1) This magnet valve could be opened/closed manually. DC dump lube oil pump interlocking testing relief magnet valve 10MAV00AA702 (1) This magnet valve could be opened/closed manually. Control fluid feed pump A (B) 10MAV30AP101 (10MAV40AP101) (1) This oil pump could be started/stopped manually; when enabled condition fulfilled; (2) If this pump is in standby position, when operating pump in stoppage or control fluid main pump oil pressure in low degree, protect interlocking and start this oil pump; (3) Control fluid oil tank level in low-low degree, interlock to stop this pump; (4) Enabled condition for starting: Control fluid oil tank level not in low degree. Control fluid oil circulating pump A (B) 10MAV30AP103 (10MAV40AP104) (1) This oil pump could be started/stopped manually; when enabled condition fulfilled; (2) If this pump is in standby position, when operating pump in stoppage, protect interlocking and start this oil pump; (3) Control fluid oil tank level in low-low degree, interlock to stop this oil pump; (4) Enabled condition for starting: Control fluid oil tank level not in low degree. Control fluid oil tank heater 10MAX10HT001 (002) (1) Manually start/stop this equipment, when enabled condition fulfilled; (2) This equipment temperature interlocking shall be fulfilled by local PLC; (3) Control fluid oil tank level in low-low degree, interlock to stop this equipment; (4) Enabled condition for starting: control fluid oil tank level not in low degree. Turbine rolling gear 10MAK00GC001 (1) Main machine turning conducted by local PLC, DCS supply remoting manual control. 47) Generator Sealing oil System Generator hydrogen side sealing oil pump A (B) 10MKW20AP101 (10MKW20AP102) (1) This oil pump could be started/stopped manually; (2) If this pump is in standby position, when operating pump in stoppage or generator hydrogen side sealing oil pump outlet main pipe oil pressure in low degree, protect interlocking and start this oil pump. Generator air side sealing oil pump A(B) 10MKW10AP101(10MKW10AP102) (1) This oil pump could be started/stopped manually; (2) If this pump is in standby position, when operating pump in stoppage or DC sealing oil pump not in operating, generator air side sealing oil pump outlet main pipe oil pressure in low degree, protect interlocking and start this oil pump. Generator hydrogen side sealing oil tank auto oiling magnet valve 10MKW10AA701 (1) This magnet valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Generator hydrogen side sealing oil tank level in low degree, interlock to open;
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(3) Generator hydrogen side oil tank level in normal, interlock to close. Generator hydrogen side sealing oil tank auto oil discharging magnet valve 10MKW31AC001 (1) This magnet valve could be opened/closed manually. (2) Generator hydrogen side sealing oil tank level in high degree, interlock to open; (3) Generator hydrogen side oil tank level in normal, interlock to close. 48) Generator Stator Cold Water System Generator stator cooling water pump A (B) 10MKF10AP001 (10MKF10AP002) (1) This pump could be started/stopped manually; (2) If this pump is in standby position, when operating pump in stoppage or outlet main pipe pressure in low degree, protect interlocking and start standby pump. Generator water charging magnet valve 10MKF10AA701 (1) This magnet valve could be opened/closed manually. (2) Generator stator cooling water tank level in low degree, interlock to open; (3) Generator stator cooling water tank level in normal, interlock to close. Generator hydrogen charging magnet valve 10MKG10AA701 (1) This magnet valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Generator inlet hydrogen pressure in low degree, interlock to open; (3) Generator inlet hydrogen pressure in normal, interlock to close. 49) Auxiliary Steam System 4-section steam exhausting to auxiliary flash tank steam supply electrically operated door 10LBG16AA001 (1) Manually open/close this valve, when enabled condition fulfilled; (2) Auxiliary interlocking in operation and valves fully opened, 4-section steam exhausting pressure in low degree or turbine tripping, interlock to close this valve; (3) Auxiliary interlocking in operation and valves fully opened; 4-section steam exhausting pressure not in low degree, interlock to open this valve. Reheating cold section to auxiliary steam flash tank steam supply electrically operated door 10LBG13AA001 (1) Manually open/close this valve, when enabled condition fulfilled; (2) Auxiliary interlocking in operation and valves fully opened, 4-section steam exhausting not in low degree or turbine high pressure cylinder steam discharging pressure <1Mpa(DEH???) or turbine tripping, interlock to close this valve; (3) Auxiliary interlocking in operation and valves fully closed, 4-section steam exhausting in low degree or turbine high pressure cylinder steam discharging pressure>1Mpa(DEH???), interlock to open this valve. Adjacent furnace heating steam header box steam inlet electrically operated door 12 10LBG15AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Start furnace to auxiliary steam header box steam supply electrically operated door 00LBG11AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; when enabled condition fulfilled; (2) Auxiliary interlocking in operation, two turbines high pressure cylinder steam exhausting pressure<1Mpa (DEH???) or loading for the two plant units <30%, interlock to close this valve; (3) Auxiliary interlocking in operation, any turbine high pressure cylinder steam exhausting pressure >1Mpa (DEH???) or any plant unit loading >30%, interlock to open this valve; 50) High Pressure Cylinder Discharging System and Other Turbine high pressure cylinder steam discharging valve (left) 10LBC11AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually;
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10LBG14AA001

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(2) When turbine tripping or DEH occurred, interlock to close this valve; (3) No condition for interlock to close, DEH occurred, interlock to open this valve. Turbine high pressure cylinder steam exhausting valve (right) 10LBC12AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) When turbine tripping or DEH occurred, interlock to close this valve; (3) No condition for interlock to close, DEH occurred, interlock to open this valve. Turbine high pressure cylinder steam discharging drain trap drain valve (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) High pressure cylinder steam exhausting pipe left or right drain trap level in high-high degree, interlock to open; (3) High pressure cylinder steam discharging pipe left or right drain trap level not in high degree for 30 seconds, interlock to close. High temperature bypass rear drain trap drain valve (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) High temperature bypass rear drain trap level in high-high degree, interlock to open; (3) High temperature bypass rear drain trap level not in high degree for 30 seconds, interlock to close. High temperature bypass front electrically operated door (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Feed pump turbine A(B)steam inlet (cold reheating steam) main pipe electrically operated door 10LBR11AA001(10LBR12AA001) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) When plant unit loading >40% or small machine tripping, interlock to close this valve; (3) When plant unit loading<40% delaying for 10 seconds and no small machine tripping, interlock to open this valve. Low temperature bypass drain trap drain valve 10LBB30AA401 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Low temperature bypass drain trap level in high-high degree, interlock to open; (3) Low temperature bypass front drain trap level not in high degree for 30 seconds, interlock to close. Low bypass front drain trap drain valve 10LBB30AA401 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Low bypass valve rear drain trap level in high-high degree, interlock to open; (3) Low bypass rear drain trap level not in high degree for 30 seconds, interlock to close. 51) Vacuum-pumping System Vacuum pump A (B) starting enabled condition (1) Vacuum pump steam separator level not in low degree; (2) Vacuum pump inlet pneumatic valve closed; (3) Vacuum pump motor stator coil temperature not in high degree (6 points) (4) Vacuum pump bearing temperature not in high degree (2 points); (5) No electrical tripping, no interlocking tripping, no operation prohibited, no local control. Vacuum pump A (B) protecting tripping condition (1) Vacuum pump steam separator level in low degree delaying for 4 seconds; (2) Any vacuum pump bearing temperature (2 points) in high-high degree; Vacuum pump A (B) 10MAJ21AP001 (10MAJ22AP001) (1) This pump could be started/stopped manually; when enabled condition fulfilled;
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10LBC11AA401

10LBC10AA401

10LBA30AA001

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(2) If this pump is in standby position, when operating pump in stoppage or condenser vacuity in high degree, interlock to start standby pump; (3) This pump in operation, protecting tripping condition occurred, interlock to stop this pump. Vaccum pump A(B)inlet pneumatic valve 10MAJ21GF001(10MAJ22GF001) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Pump in operating, inlet pneumatic valve rear and front pressure gap in large scale, interlock to open; when pump stopped then interlock to close. Vaccum pump A(B)water charging magnet valve 10MAJ21GF001(10MAJ22GF001) (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Steam separator level in low degree, interlock to open; steam separator level in high degree, interlock to close. Vaccum pump A(B)recirculating pump 10MAJ21AP002(10MAJ22AP002) (1) This pump could be started/stopped manually; Water chamber vaccum pump inlet pneumatic valve 10MAJ30AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; Water chamber vaccum pump water charging magnet valve 10MAJ30AA701 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually; (2) Steam separator level in low degree, interlock to open; steam separator level in high degree, interlock to close. Condenser vaccum broken valve 10MAJ10AA001 (1) This valve could be opened/closed manually;

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Chapter 6 Introduction of Thermal Regulator PID and SAMA Figure


1. PID Figure 1.1 Introduction of PID figure PID figure is figure of Piping & Instrument Diagram, it is also called P&ID Process and instrumentation Diagram with control points. It's a system measuring point figure designed by designing institute. It includes primary equipment and diagram of system and location and serial number of thermal regulator and it is the basic technology material for maintainer and operator. 2. Ordinary symbol of PID figure

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3. PID figure

This figure is a PID for A feeder, it clearly states each part and working diagram, and it also clearly states the relationship between measuring points and their control. For example, measuring points of feeder control box have signals from coal flow monitor, off coal switch, over temperature inside machine, tacho-generator, coal jamming switch, belt side skid switch and weighing unit 1&2 as measuring signal to feeder, and transmit these signals to FSSS. At the same time, receive coal feed rate instructions from CLCS to adjust rotate speed of feeder, and return coal feed rate of feeder control box as CLCS feed back; receive initiate or stop instructions from FSSS to control initiate or stop of feeder. Coal feeder control box collect alarm signals from coal meter of feeder, over temperature alarm inside of machine and feeder alarm to DAS. PID figure provide thermal control worker not only location of measuring points but also evidence to know procedure and control.

2SAMA figure
1Introduction of SAMA figure: Sama figure is a contract and standard made by U.S. manufacturing association. It consists of different kinds of symbols: add, subtract, multiply, divide, differential, integral, OR gate, AND gate, switch, maximum, minimum, upper limit amplitude, lower limit amplitude, etc., it shows what kind of calculation, control and limitation the control system would involve, in this way, engineers will know what kind of process this system involve and it also provide convenience for engineers to check its rationality, whether it needs change and achieve better effect. 2SAMA figure common symbols Adder

+ Subtractor +
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+ -

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Multiplier

Divider
X1 X2

Summation calculation

Medium value calculation

Root operation

Impulse

Max. value selector MAX

Min. value selector MIN

Functional generator f(x) y=f(x) PID PID


TRACK

PID module

Exclusive disjunction

OR

Conjunction

AND
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Inverse

N 1
Dead-area character

Absolute value

Open delay

5S

TD ON

Close delay

5S

TD OFF

RStrigger S

R
M

R 1 1 0 0
Switch bar

S 1 0 1 0

O 0 0 1 still

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Manual operator

Measured value or feedback

Increase/Decrease manual operator

Specified value instructions

3 Examples of SAMA figure The following are figure of feedwater system control SAMA, it can be comparative analyzed with feedwater control of MCS control logic.

Output by manual operator

Specified value

Switch manually/automatically

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a)

Formation of main steam flow

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This is a figure of main steam quantity account SAMA, main steam flow enter into SEL3 through three regulating stage pressure transmitters, calculate main steam quantity correspondence with current pressure by functional generator f(x), and came out current main steam quantity result by dealing with main steam temperature through multiplier (X). This result be sent out of correspondence logic figure or through high low limit monitor and sent into other logic figure in the form of open/close signal. b) Formation of Main feed water quantity

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c)

Water level make up of drum

d) Water level make up of drum in FSSS

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e)

Feedwater control

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f)

By pass adjusting valve control of feedwater system

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g) Control logic of feed water

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h) Feedwater logic control

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i)

Feedwater logic control

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