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LAMPIRAN II

PERHITUNGAN NERACA PANAS


B. Perhitungan Neraca Panas
Data yang diperlukan untuk perhitungan neraca panas adalah :
Kapasitas panas (Cp) untuk masing masing zat dalam wujud gas maupun
liquid
Cp

= A + BT + CT2 + DT3 + ET4 kJ/kgmol K

CpdT

= A (T -298) + B/2 (T2 - 2982) + C/3 (T3 - 2983) +


D/4(T4-2984) + E/5(T5-2985)

QF

= n. CpdT

Cp Biuret

=0,9686 - 0,63339E-2Xc + 0,1104E-4Xc^2 +


(0,3928E-3+0,2834E-4Xc)

T referensi

= 25oC + 273oC = 298oC

Keterangan: Xc : Konsentrasi Biuret

Tabel Data Kapasitas Panas pada Gas dan Liquid


Komponen
NH3(l)
NH3(g)
CO2(g)
CO2(l)
H2O(l)
H2O(g)
O2(g)
Urea(l)
Urea(g)

A
-182,157
33,573
27,437
-3981,02
92,053
33,933
29,526
965,507
24,856

(sumber:Yaws,Carl.1999.)

B
3,36E+00
-1,26E-02
4,23E-02
5,25E+01
-4,00E-02
-8,42E-03
-8,90E-03
-5,10E+00
1,44E-01

C
-1,44E-02
8,89E-05
-1,96E-05
-2,27E-01
-2,11E-04
2,99E-05
3,81E-05
1,00E-02
3,81E-05

D
2,04E-05
-7,18E-08
4,00E-09
3,29E-04
5,35E-07
-1,78E-08
-3,26E-08
-6,38E-06
-1,10E-07

E
1,86E-11
-2,99E-13

3,69E-12
8,86E-12
3,92E-11

1. Reaktor (DC-101)

Stripper (DA - 101) :

Urea = .?
NH3 = .?
CO2 = .?
H2O = .?
Biuret = ....?

REAKTOR
DC - 101

CO2 = 762500,665 Kkal


NH3 = 6284213,542 Kkal

Carbamat
Condenser(EA - 101) :
Urea = 3669080,251 Kkal
NH3 = 18131142,680 Kkal
CO2 = 1374427,871 Kkal
H2O = 5258751,261 Kkal
Biuret = 36,974 Kkal

Reaksi yang terjadi:


2NH3 + CO2

NH2COONH4

NH2COONH4

NH2CONH2 + H2O

2NH3 + CO2

NH2CONH2 + H2O

Suhu masuk pada aliran umpan NH3

= 148oC

Suhu masuk pada aliran umpan CO2

= 108oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran Recycle

= 180oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran produk ke stripper

= 182oC

Aliran umpan NH3


T = 421K
CpdT NH3

= -182,157 (421 - 298) + 3,36E+00/2 (4212 - 2982) +


-1,44E-02/3 (4213 - 2983) + 2,04E-05/4 (4214-2984)
= 15019,408 KJ/Kmol

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 2155,196078 Kmol x 15019,408 KJ/Kmol
= 32369769,22 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 7736374,843 Kkal

Aliran umpan CO2


T = 381K
CpdT CO2

= 27,437(381 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (3812 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (3813 - 2983) + 4,00E-09/4 (3814-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (3815-2985)
= 3293.628 KJ/Kmol

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 263,32804 Kmol x 3293,628 KJ/Kmol
= 867304,6057 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ

= 207285,8008 Kkal
Aliran Recycle
T = 453K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (453 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (4532 - 2982)+


1,00E-02/3 (4533 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (4534-2984)
= 19886,241 KJ/Kmol

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 690,479175 Kmol x 19886,241 KJ/Kmol
= 13731035,28 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 3281717,432 Kkal

CpdT NH3

= -182,157 (453 - 298) + 3,36E+00/2 (4532 - 2982) +


-1,44E-02/3 (4533 - 2983) + 2,04E-05/4 (4534-2984)
= 22690,232 KJ/Kmol

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 2990,42283 Kmol x 22690,232 KJ/Kmol
= 67853387,79 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 16216959,68 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= 27,437 (453 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (4532 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (4533 - 2983) + 4,00E-09/4 (4534-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (4535-2985)
= 6313,484 KJ/Kmol

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 814,7031348 Kmol x 6313,484 KJ/Kmol
= 5143615,206 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 1229324,034 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (453 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (4532 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (4533 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (4534-2984)
= 11840,762 KJ/Kmol

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 1662,069464 Kmol x 11840,762 KJ/Kmol
= 19680168,95 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 4703560,379 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x Cp x dT
= 0,9211165159 Kmol x 0,969 KJ/Kmol K x ( 453 298 )

= 138,3470951 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ


= 33,06495573 Kkal
Aliran Produk ke Stripper
T = 455K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (455 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (4552 - 2982)+


1,00E-02/3 (4553 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (4554-2984)
= 20114,738 KJ/Kmol

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 1425,251563 Kmol x 20114,738 KJ/Kmol
= 28668561,78 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 6851786,266 Kkal

CpdT NH3

= -182,157 (455 - 298) + 3,36E+00/2 (4552 - 2982) +


-1,44E-02/3 (4553 - 2983) + 2,04E-05/4 (4554 - 2984)
= 23258,594 KJ/Kmol

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 3462,514109 Kmol x 23258,594 KJ/Kmol
= 80533209,88 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 19247437,16 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= 27,437(455 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (4552 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (4553 - 2983) + 4,00E-09/4 (4554-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (4555-2985)
= 6399,410 KJ/Kmol

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 263,32804 Kmol x 6399,410 KJ/Kmol
= 1685144,092 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 402749,4381 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (455 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (4552 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (4553 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (4554-2984)
= 12001,694 KJ/Kmol

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 2396,196122 Kmol x 12001,694 KJ/Kmol
= 28758412,62 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 6873260,615 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x Cp x dT
= 0,598250933 Kmol x 0,969 KJ/Kmol K x ( 455 298 ) K

= 91,01370919 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ


= 21,7522765 Kkal
Neraca Panas pada reaktor
Komponen
Aliran NH3
NH3

Input (Kkal)
7736374,843

Aliran CO2
CO2

207285,8008

Aliran Recycle
Urea
NH3
CO2
H2O
Biuret

3281717,432
16216959,68
1229324,034
4703560,379
33,06495573

Aliran produk ke Stripper


Urea
NH3
CO2
H2O
Biuret
Total

Output (Kkal)

6851786,266
19247437,16
402749,4381
6873260,615
21,7522765
33375255,23

33375255,23

2. Stripper (DA-101)

Reaktor (DC - 101) :

Urea = 4193841,449 Kkal


NH3 = 24188680,580 Kkal
CO2 = 1481513,510 Kkal
H2O = 5616104,387 Kkal STRIPPER
Biuret = 24,325 Kkal
DA - 101

CO2 Compressor

(GB - 101) :
CO2 = 1361561,539 Kkal

Carbamat Condenser
(EA - 101) :
NH3 = ................ ?
CO2 = ................ ?
H2O = ................ ?

HPD ( DA - 201) :
Urea = ................ ?
NH3 = ................ ?
CO2 = ................ ?
H2O = ................ ?
Biuret = .............. ?

Suhu masuk pada aliran produk dari reaktor

= 182oC

Suhu masuk pada aliran umpan CO2

= 108oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran produk ke DA 201

= 171oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran gas ke EA 101

= 184oC

Aliran produk dari reaktor


T = 455K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (455 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (4552 - 2982)+


1,00E-02/3 (4553 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (4554-2984)
= 20114,738 KJ/Kmol

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 872,368 Kmol x 20114,738 KJ/Kmol
= 17547453,760 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 4193841,449 Kkal

CpdT NH3

= -182,157 (455 - 298) + 3,36E+00/2 (4552 - 2982) +


-1,44E-02/3 (4553 - 2983) + 2,04E-05/4 (4554 - 2984)
= 23258,594 KJ/Kmol

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 4351,418 Kmol x 23258,594 KJ/Kmol
= 101207868,500 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 24188680,580 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= 27,437(455 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (4552 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (4553 - 2983) + 4,00E-09/4 (4554-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (4555-2985)
= 6399,410 KJ/Kmol

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 968,652 Kmol x 6399,410 KJ/Kmol
= 6198801,295 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ

= 1481513,510 Kkal
CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (455 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (4552 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (4553 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (4554-2984)
= 12001,694 KJ/Kmol

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 1957,919 Kmol x 12001,694 KJ/Kmol
= 23498344,710 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 5616104,387 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x Cp x dT
= 0,669 Kmol x 0,969 KJ/Kmol K x ( 455 298 ) K
= 101,777 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 24,325 Kkal

Aliran Umpan CO2


T = 447,8K
CpdT CO2

= 27,437(447,8 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (447,82 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (447,83 - 2983) + 4,00E-09/4 (447,84-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (447,85-2985)
= 6090,581 KJ/Kmol

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 935,364 Kmol x 6090,581 KJ/Kmol
= 5696910,206 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 1361561,539 Kkal

Aliran produk ke HP Decomposer


T = 444K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (444 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (4442 - 2982)+


1,00E-02/3 (4443 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (4444-2984)
= 18859,288 KJ/Kmol

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 1225,444 Kmol x 18859,288 KJ/Kmol
= 23111001,320 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 5523529,316 Kkal

CpdT NH3

= -182,157 (444 - 298) + 3,36E+00/2 (4442 - 2982) +


-1,44E-02/3 (4443 - 2983) + 2,04E-05/4 (4444 - 2984)
= 20271,742 KJ/Kmol

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 1129,735 Kmol x 20271,742 KJ/Kmol

= 22901696,450 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ


= 5473505,451 Kkal
CpdT CO2

= -3981,02 (444 - 298) + 5,25E+01/2 (4442 - 2982) +


-2,27E-01/3 (4443 - 2983) + 3,29E-04/4 (4444-2984)
= 189730,002 KJ/Kmol

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 149,431 Kmol x 189730,002 KJ/Kmol
= 28351506,380 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 9327645,600 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053(455 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (4552 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (4553 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (4554-2984)
= 11121,308 KJ/Kmol

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 2066,016 Kmol x 11121,308 KJ/Kmol
= 22976800,270 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 5491455,264 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x Cp x dT
= 3,040 Kmol x 0,969 KJ/Kmol K x ( 444 298 ) K

= 430,081 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/ 1KJ


= 102,789 Kkal
Aliran gas ke Carbamat Condenser
T = 457K
CpdT NH3

= 33,573(457 - 298) + -1,26E-02/2 (4572 - 2982) +


8,89E-05/3 (457,63 - 2983) + -7,18E-08/4 (457,64-2984) +
1,86E-11/5 (4575-2985)
= 6049,968 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/17kg
= 355,880 KJ/kg

QF NH3

= 54661,080 Kg x 355,880 KJ/kg


= 19452785,150 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 4649215,651 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= 27,437 (457 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (4572 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (4573 - 2983) + 4,00E-09/4 (4574-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (4575-2985)
= 6485,443 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/44kg
= 147,396 KJ/kg

QF CO2

= 45860,435 kg x 147,396 KJ/kg


= 6759644,677 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ

= 1615555,078 Kkal
CpdT H2O

= 33,933 (457 - 298) + -8,42E-03/2 (4572 - 2982) +


2,99E-05/3 (4573 - 2983) + -1,78E-08/4 (4574-2984) +
3,69E-12/5 (4575-2985)
= 5431,432 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 301,746 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= 5001,805 kg x 301,746 KJ/kg


= 1509274,652 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 360716,642 Kkal

Neraca Panas Pada Stripper


Komponen
Aliran produk dari reactor
Urea
NH3
CO2
H2O
Biuret
Aliran umpan segar CO2
CO2

Input (Kkal)

Output (Kkal)

4193841,449
24188669,570
1481513,510
5616104,387
24,325

1361561,539

Aliran produk ke DA 201


Urea
NH3
CO2
H2O
Biuret

5523529,316
5473505,451
9327645,600
5491455,264
102,789

Aliran gas ke EA 101


NH3
CO2
H2O

4649215,651
1615555,078
360716,642

Panas yang hilang


Total

36841725,790

4399999,999
36841725,790

3. Carbamat Condenser (EA 101)

11

10

HPD (DA - 201) :


NH3 = .......... ?
CO2 = .......... ? CFP (GA - 102A,B) :
H2O = .......... ? Urea = 11349,560 Kkal

Atmosfer :
NH3 = ... ?
H2O = ... ?
Carbamat
Condenser
7

H2O = 1221176,277 Kkal

EA - 101

2
9

Stripper (DA - 101) :


NH3 = 469215,651 Kkal
CO2 = 1615555,07 Kkal
H2O = 360716,642 Kkal

NH3 = 2445566,824 Kkal


C2O = 6359426,752 Kkal

Ammonia Reservoir ( FA 104 ) :


NH3 = 5751,379 Kkal

Carbamat ejector
(EE - 101) :
Urea = ............... ?
NH3 = . ?
CO2 = .. ?
H2O = .. ?
Biuret = ............. ?

Suhu masuk pada aliran gas dari stripper

= 184oC

Suhu masuk pada aliran ammonia reservoir

Suhu masuk pada aliran carbamate feed pump

= 105oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran produk ke carbamate ejector

= 180oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran gas ke HPD

= 104oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran gas ke atmosfer

30oC

40C

Aliran gas dari stripper


T = 457K
CpdT NH3

= 33,573 (457 - 298) + -1,26E-02/2 (4572 - 2982) +


8,89E-05/3 (457,63 - 2983) + -7,18E-08/4 (457,64-2984) +
1,86E-11/5 (4575-2985)
= 6049,968 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/17kg
= 355,880 KJ/kg

QF NH3

= 54661,080 Kg x 355,880 KJ/kg


= 19452785,150 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 4649215,651 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= 27,437 (457 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (4572 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (4573 - 2983) + 4,00E-09/4 (4574-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (4575-2985)
= 6485,443 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/44kg
= 147,396 KJ/kg

QF CO2

= 45860,435 kg x 147,396 KJ/kg


= 6759644,677 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 1615555,078 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 33,933(457 - 298) + -8,42E-03/2 (4572 - 2982) +


2,99E-05/3 (4573 - 2983) +

-1,78E-08/4 (4574-2984) +

3,69E-12/5 (4575-2985)
= 5431,432 KJ/Kmol x 1Kmol/18kg
= 301,746 KJ/kg
QF H2O

= 5001,805 kg x 301,746KJ/kg
= 1509274,652 KJ x 0,239Kkal/KJ
= 360716,642 Kkal

Aliran dari ammonia reservoir


T = 303K
CpdT NH3

= -182,157 (303 - 298) + 3,36E+00/2 (3032 - 2982) +


-1,44E-02/3 (3033 - 2983) + 2,04E-05/4 (3034 - 2984)
= 403,832 KJ/Kmol

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 59,590 Kmol x 403,832 KJ/Kmol
= 24064,349 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 5751,379 Kkal

Aliran masuk dari carbamate feed pump


T = 378K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (378 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (3782 - 2982)+


1,00E-02/3 (3783 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (3784-2984)
= 11173,576 KJ/Kmol

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 4,25 Kmol x 11173,576 KJ/Kmol
=47487,698 KJ x 0,239 kkal/KJ
= 11349,560 Kkal

CpdT NH3

= -182,157 (378 - 298) + 3,36E+00/2 (3782 - 2982) +


-1,44E-02/3 (3783 - 2983) + 2,04E-05/4 (3784 - 2984)
= 7959,756 KJ/Kmol

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 1285,529 Kmol x 7959,756 KJ/Kmol
= 10232497,170 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 2445566,824 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= -3981,02 (378 - 298) + 5,25E+01/2 (3782 - 2982) +


-2,27E-01/3 (3783 - 2983) + 3,29E-04/4 (3784-2984)

= 47328,786 KJ/Kmol
QF CO2

= n x CpdT CP2
= 562,205 Kmol x 47328,786 KJ/Kmol
= 26608480,130 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 6359426,752 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (378 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (3782 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (3783 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (3784-2984)
= 6021,044 KJ/Kmol

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 848,611 Kmol x 6021,044 KJ/Kmol
= 5109524,170 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 1221176,277 Kkal

Aliran keluar produk ke carbamate ejector


T = 453K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (453 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (4532 - 2982)+


1,00E-02/3 (4533 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (4534-2984)
= 19886,241 KJ/Kmol

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea

= 719,366 Kmol x 19886,241 KJ/Kmol


= 14405465,640 KJ x 0,239 kkal/KJ
= 3419011,069 Kkal
CpdT NH3

= -182,157 (453 - 298) + 3,36E+00/2 (4532 - 2982) +


-1,44E-02/3 (4533 - 2983) + 2,04E-05/4 (4534 - 2984)
= 22690,232 KJ/Kmol

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 3484,330 Kmol x 22690,232 KJ/Kmol
= 79060253,970 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 18895400,700 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= -3981,02 (453 - 298) + 5,25E+01/2 (453 - 2982) +


-2,27E-01/3 (4533 - 2983) + 3,29E-04/4 (4534-2984)
= 189730,002 KJ/Kmol

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 84,878 Kmol x 222008,025 KJ/Kmol
= 18843730,300 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 45036515,540 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (453 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (4532 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (4533 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (4534-2984)
= 11840,762 KJ/Kmol

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 1731,603 Kmol x 11840,762KJ/Kmol
= 20503449 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 4900336,261 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x Cp x dT
= 0,824 Kmol x 0,969 KJ/Kmol K x ( 453 298 ) K
= 123,761 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 29,579 Kkal

Aliran gas keluar ke HPD


T = 377K
CpdT NH3

= 33,573 (377 - 298) + -1,26E-02/2 (3772 - 2982) + 8,89E05/3 (3773 - 2983) + -7,18E-08/4 (3774-2984) + 1,86E-11/5
(3775-2985)
= 2918,490 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/17kg
= 171,676 KJ/kg

QF NH3

= 319 Kg x 171,676 KJ/kg

= 54764,644 KJ x 0,239Kkal/KJ
= 13088,750 Kkal
CpdT CO2

= 27,437 (377 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (3772 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (3773 - 2983) + 4,00E-09/4 (3774-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (3775-2985)
= 3130,169 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/44kg
= 71,140 KJ/kg

QF CO2

= 437 kg x 71,140 KJ/kg


= 31088,18 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 7430,075 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 33,933 (377 - 298) + -8,42E-03/2 (3772 - 2982) + 2,99E05/3 (3773 - 2983) + -1,78E-08/4 (3774-2984) + 3,69E-12/5
(3775-2985)
= 5431,432 KJ/Kmol x 1Kmol/18kg
= 2675,582 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= 36 kg x 2675,582 KJ/kg
= 96320,952 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 23020,708 Kkal

Aliran gas keluar ke atmosfer


T = 313K
CpdT NH3

= 33,573 (313 - 298) + -1,26E-02/2 (3132 - 2982) + 8,89E05/3 (3133 - 2983) + -7,18E-08/4 (3134-2984) + 1,86E-11/5
(3135-2985)
= 542,043 KJ/Kmol x 1Kmol/17kg
= 31,884 KJ/kg

QF NH3

= 1258,083 Kg x 31,884 KJ/kg


= 40112,718 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 9586,940 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= 27,437 (313 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (3132 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (3133 - 2983) + 4,00E-09/4 (3134-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (3135-2985)
= 579,623 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/44kg
= 13,173 KJ/kg

QF CO2

= 1723,890 Kg x 13,173 KJ/kg


= 22708,803 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 5427,404 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 33,933 (313 - 298) + -8,42E-03/2 (3132 - 2982) + 2,99E05/3 (3133 - 2983) + -1,78E-08/4 (3134-2984) + 3,69E-12/5
(3135-2985)
= 505,143 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 28,064 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= 142,147 kg x 28,064 KJ/kg


= 3989,213 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 953,422 Kkal

Neraca Panas Pada Carbamat Condenser


Komponen
Aliran gas dari stripper
NH3
CO2
H2O
Aliran masuk dari ammonia
reservoir
NH3
Aliran produk dari
carbamate feed pump
Urea
NH3
CO2
H2O

Input (Kkal)
4649215,651
1615555,078
360716,642

5751,379

11349,560
2445566,824
6359426,752
1221176,277

Aliran keluar produk ke


carbamat ejector
Urea
NH3
CO2
H2O
Biuret

3419011,069
1889540,700
4503651,540
4900336,261
29,579

Aliran gas keluar ke HPD


NH3
CO2
H2O

13088,750
7430,075
23020,708

Aliran gas keluar ke


atmosfer
NH3
CO2
H2O
Panas yang hilang
Total

Output (Kkal)

9586,940
5427,404
953,422
996681,712
16668758,160

16668758,160

4. HP Decomposer (DA-201)
HPA Lower (EA 401B) :
NH3 = .............. ?
CO2 = .............. ?
H2O = .............. ?

Stripper (DA - 101) :

15

13

Urea = 5523529,316 Kkal


NH3 = 5473505,451 Kkal
CO2 = 9327645,600 Kkal
H2O = 5491455,264 Kkal 10
Biuret = 102,789 Kkal

HPD
DA - 201

Carbamat Condenser
(EA - 101) :
NH3 = 13088,750 Kkal
CO2 = 7430,076 Kkal
H2O = 23020,708 Kkal

14

LPD (DA 202) :


Urea = .............. ?
NH3 = .............. ?
CO2 = .............. ?
H2O = .............. ?
Biuret = ............. ?

Suhu masuk pada aliran gas dari carbamat condenser = 104 oC


Suhu masuk pada aliran produk dari stripper

= 171oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran produk ke LPD

= 152oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran gas ke HPA Lower

= 133oC

Aliran produk dari carbamat condenser


T = 377K
CpdT NH3

= 33,573 (377 - 298) + -1,26E-02/2 (3772 - 2982) + 8,89E05/3 (3773 - 2983) + -7,18E-08/4 (3774-2984) + 1,86E-11/5
(3775-2985)
= 2918,490 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/17kg
= 171,676 KJ/kg

QF NH3

= 319 Kg x 171,676 KJ/kg


= 54764,644 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 13088,750 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= 27,437 (377 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (3772 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (3773 - 2983) + 4,00E-09/4 (3774-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (3775-2985)
= 3130,169 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/44kg
= 71,140 KJ/kg

QF CO2

= 437 Kg x 71,140 KJ/kg


= 31088,180 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 7430,075 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 33,933 (377 - 298) + -8,42E-03/2 (3772 - 2982) + 2,99E05/3 (3773 - 2983) + -1,78E-08/4 (3774-2984) + 3,69E-12/5
(3775-2985)
= 5431,432 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 2675,582 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= 36 Kg x 2675,582 KJ/kg
= 96320,952 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 23020,708 Kkal

Aliran produk dari stripper


T = 444K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (444 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (4442 - 2982)+


1,00E-02/3 (4443 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (4444-2984)
= 18859,288 KJ/Kmol

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 1225,444 Kmol x 18859,288 KJ/Kmol
= 23111001,32 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 5523529,316 Kkal

CpdT NH3

= -182,157 (444 - 298) + 3,36E+00/2 (4442 - 2982) +


-1,44E-02/3 (4443 - 2983) + 2,04E-05/4 (4444 - 2984)
= 20271,742 KJ/Kmol

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 1129,735 Kmol x 20271,742 KJ/Kmol
= 22901696,450 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 5473505,451 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= -3981,02 (444 - 298) + 5,25E+01/2 (4442 - 2982) + 2,27E-01/3 (4443 - 2983) + 3,29E-04/4 (4444-2984)

= 189730,002 KJ/Kmol
QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 149,431 Kmol x 189730,002 KJ/Kmol
= 28351506,380 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 9327645,600 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (455 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (4552 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (4553 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (4554-2984)
= 11121,308 KJ/Kmol

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 2066,016 Kmol x 11121,308 KJ/Kmol
= 22976800,270 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 5491455,264 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x Cp x dT
= 3,040 Kmol x 0,969 KJ/Kmol K x ( 444 298 ) K
= 430,081 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 102,789 Kkal

Aliran produk ke LPD


T = 425K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (425 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (4252 - 2982)+


1,00E-02/3 (4253 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (4254-2984)
= 16690,194 KJ/Kmol

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 2215,527 Kmol x 16690,194 KJ/Kmol
= 36977567,970 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 8837638,745 Kkal

CpdT NH3

= -182,157 (425 - 298) + 3,36E+00/2 (4252 - 2982) +


-1,44E-02/3 (4253 - 2983) + 2,04E-05/4 (4254 - 2984)
= 15845,708 KJ/Kmol

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 552,667 Kmol x 15845,708 KJ/Kmol
= 8757399,903 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 2093018,577 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= -3981,02 (425 - 298) + 5,25E+01/2 (4252 - 2982) +


-2,27E-01/3 (4253 - 2983) + 3,29E-04/4 (4254-2984)

= 133327,054 KJ/Kmol
QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 121,362 Kmol x 133327,054 KJ/Kmol
= 16180868,740 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 3867227,628 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (425 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (4252 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (4253 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (4254-2984)
= 9625,275 KJ/Kmol

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 2357,758 Kmol x 9625,275 KJ/Kmol
= 22694072,130 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 5423883,240 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x Cp x dT
= 3,260 Kmol x 0,969 KJ/Kmol K x ( 425 298 ) K
= 401,185 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 95,883 Kkal

Aliran gas ke HPA Lower


T = 406K
CpdT NH3

= 33,573 (406 - 298) + -1,26E-02/2 (4062 - 2982) + 8,89E05/3 (4063 - 2983) + -7,18E-08/4 (4064-2984) + 1,86E-11/5
(4065-2985)
= 4031,975 KJ/Kmol

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 1139,876 Kmol x 4031,975 KJ/Kmol
= 4595951,038 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 1098432,298 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= 27,437 (406 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (4062 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (4063 - 2983) + 4,00E-09/4 (4064-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (4065-2985)
= 4325,701 KJ/Kmol

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 1328,217 Kmol x 4325,701 KJ/Kmol
= 5745470,845 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 1373167,532 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 33,933 (406 - 298) + -8,42E-03/2 (4062 - 2982) + 2,99E05/3 (4063 - 2983) + -1,78E-08/4 (4064-2984) + 3,69E-12/5
(4065-2985)
= 3668,509 KJ/Kmol

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 931,156 Kmol x 3668,509 KJ/Kmol
= 3415952,908 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 816412,745 Kkal

Neraca Panas Pada HP Decomposer


Komponen
Aliran gas dari carbamat
condenser
NH3
CO2
H2O
Aliran produk dari stripper
Urea
NH3
CO2
H2O
Biuret

Input (Kkal)

Output (Kkal)

13088,750
7430,075
23020,708

5523529,316
5473505,451
9327645,600
5491455,264
102,789

Aliran produk ke LPD


Urea
NH3
CO2
H2O
Biuret

8837638,745
2093018,557
3867227,628
5423883,240
95,883

Aliran gas ke recovery


NH3
CO2
H2O

1098432,298
1373167,532
816412,745
2349891,320

Panas yang hilang


Total

25859767,950

25859767,320

5. LP Decomposer (DA-202)

HPD ( DA - 201) :
Urea = 8837638,745 Kkal
NH3 = 2093018,577 Kkal
CO2 = 3867227,628 Kkal
H2O = 5423883,240 Kkal
Biuret =95,883 Kkal
14

LPA (EA - 402) :


NH3 = ?
CO2 = ?
H2O = ?

18

LPD
DA - 202

10
H2O = 8109,234 Kkal

PCT

17
16

CO2 Compressor
CO2 = 61656,914 Kkal

Flash Separator
(FA - 205) :
Urea = ?
NH3 = ?
CO2 = ...?
H2O = ...?
Biuret =..?

Suhu masuk pada aliran dari PCT

= 40oC

Suhu masuk pada aliran produk dari HPD

= 152oC

Suhu masuk pada aliran gas dari CO2 compressor

= 144C

Suhu keluar pada aliran produk ke Flash Separator

= 129oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran gas ke LPA

= 114oC

Aliran dari PCT


T = 313K
CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (313 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (3132 - 2982)+

-2,11E-04/3 (3133 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (3134-2984)


= 1130,995 KJ/Kmol
QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 30 Kmol x 1130,995 KJ/Kmol
= 33929,850 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 8109,234 Kkal

Aliran produk dari HPD


T = 425K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (425 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (4252 - 2982)+


1,00E-02/3 (4253 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (4254-2984)
= 16690,194 KJ/Kmol

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 2215,527 Kmol x 16690,194 KJ/Kmol
= 36977567,970 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 8837638,745 Kkal

CpdT NH3

= -182,157 (425 - 298) + 3,36E+00/2 (4252 - 2982) +


-1,44E-02/3 (4253 - 2983) + 2,04E-05/4 (4254 - 2984)
= 15845,708 KJ/Kmol

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 552,667 Kmol x 15845,708 KJ/Kmol
= 8757399,903 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 2093018,577 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= -3981,02 (425 - 298) + 5,25E+01/2 (4252 - 2982) +


-2,27E-01/3 (4253 - 2983) + 3,29E-04/4 (4254-2984)
= 133327,054 KJ/Kmol

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 121,362 Kmol x 133327,054 KJ/Kmol
= 16180868,740 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 3867227,628 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (425 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (4252 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (4253 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (4254-2984)
= 9625,275 KJ/Kmol

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 2357,758 Kmol x 9625,275 KJ/Kmol
= 22694072,130 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 5423883,240 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x Cp x dT
= 3,260 Kmol x 0,969 KJ/Kmol K x ( 425 298 ) K
= 401,185 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 95,883 Kkal

Aliran gas dari CO2 compressor


T = 417K
CpdT CO2

= 27,437 (417 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (4172 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (4173 - 2983) + 4,00E-09/4 (4174-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (4175-2985)
= 4785,441 KJ/Kmol x 1Kmol/44 kg
= 108,760 KJ/Kg

QF CO2

= 2372 Kg x 108,760 KJ/Kg


= 257978,720 KJx 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 61656,914 Kkal

Aliran produk ke Flash Separator


T = 402K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (402 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (4022 - 2982)+


1,00E-02/3 (4023 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (4024-2984)

= 14033,739 KJ/Kmol X 1Kmol/60 kg


= 233,896 KJ/Kg
QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 65746,450 Kg x 233,896 KJ/Kmol
= 15377831,67 KJ x 0,239Kkal/KJ
= 3675301,769 Kkal

CpdT NH3

= -182,157 (402 - 298) + 3,36E+00/2 (4022 - 2982) +


-1,44E-02/3 (4023 - 2983) + 2,04E-05/4 (4024-2984)
= 11525,317 KJ/Kmol x 1Kmol/ 17kg
= 677,960 KJ/Kg

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 761,424 Kg x 677,960 KJ/Kmol
= 516215,015 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 123375,389 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= -3981,02 (402 - 298) + 5,25E+01/2 (4022 - 2982) +


-2,27E-01/3 (4023 - 2983) + 3,29E-04/4 (4024-2984)
= 83108,265 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/44kg
= 1888,824 KJ/Kg

QF CO2

= n x CpdTCO2
=436,551 kg x 1888,824 KJ/Kg
=824568,006 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 197071,753 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (402 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (4022 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (4023 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (4024-2984)
= 7847,816 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 435,990 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 34253,941 Kg x 435,990 KJ/kg
= 14934375,74 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 3569315,801 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x CpdT
= 3,124 Kmol x 0,969 KJ/Kmol K x (402 298) K
= 314.824 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 75,243 Kkal

Aliran gas ke LPA


T = 387K
CpdT NH3

= 33,573 (387 - 298) + -1,26E-02/2 (3872 - 2982) + 8,89E05/3 (3873 - 2983) + -7,18E-08/4 (3874-2984) + 1,86E-11/5
(3875-2985)
= 3299,753 KJ/Kmol

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 612,044 Kmol x 3299,753 KJ/Kmol
= 2019594,025 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 482682,972 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= 27,437 (387 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (3872 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (3873 - 2983) + 4,00E-09/4 (3874-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (3875-2985)
= 3539,688 KJ/Kmol

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 167,705 Kmol x 3539,688 KJ/Kmol
= 593623,376 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/1KJ
= 141875,987 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 33,933 (387 - 298) + -8,42E-03/2 (3872 - 2982) + 2,99E05/3 (3873 - 2983) + -1,78E-08/4 (3874-2984) + 3,69E-12/5
(3875-2985)
= 3017,243 KJ/Kmol

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 259,944 Kmol x 3017,243 KJ/Kmol
= 784314,214 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 187451,097 Kkal

Neraca Panas Pada LP Decomposer


Komponen
Aliran dari PCT
H2O
Aliran produk dari HPD
Urea
NH3
CO2
H2O
Biuret
Aliran gas dari CO2
compressor
CO2

Input (Kkal)
8109,234

8837638,745
2093018,557
3867227,628
5423883,240
95,883

61656,914

Aliran ke flash separator


Urea
NH3
CO2
H2O
Biuret

3675301,769
123375,389
197071,753
3569315,801
75,243

Aliran gas ke LPA


NH3
CO2
H2O
Panas yang hilang
Total

Output (Kkal)

482682,972
141875,987
187451,097
11914480,190
20291630,200

20291630,200

6. FlashSeparator ( FA-205)

19

LPD (DA- 202) :

17
Urea = 3675301,769 Kkal
NH3 = 123375,389 Kkal
CO2 = 197071,753 Kkal
H2O = 1569315,801 Kkal
Biuret = 75,243 Kkal

Flash
Separator
FA-205

20

Flash Gas
Condenser (EA 506) :
NH3 = ?
CO2 = ?
H2O = ?

Urea Solution tank


(FA-201) :
Urea = .......?
NH3 = .......?
CO2 = .......?
H2O = .......?
Biuret = .....?

Suhu masuk pada aliran produk dari LPD

= 129 oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran gas ke Flash Gas Condenser

= 96 oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran produk ke Urea Solution Tank

= 96 oC

Aliran Produk dari LPD


T = 402K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (402 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (4022 - 2982)+


1,00E-02/3 (4023 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (4024-2984)
= 14033,739 KJ/Kmol X 1 Kmol/60 kg
= 233,896 KJ/Kg

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 65746,450 Kg x 233,896 KJ/Kmol
= 15377831,670 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 3675301,769 Kkal

CpdT NH3

= -182,157 (402 - 298) + 3,36E+00/2 (4022 - 2982) +


-1,44E-02/3 (4023 - 2983) + 2,04E-05/4 (4024-2984)
= 11525,317 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/17kg
= 677,960 KJ/Kg

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 761,424 Kg x 677,960 KJ/Kmol
= 516215,015 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 123375,389 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= -3981,02 (402 - 298) + 5,25E+01/2 (4022 - 2982) +


-2,27E-01/3 (4023 - 2983) + 3,29E-04/4 (4024-2984)
= 83108,265 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/44kg
= 1888,824 KJ/Kg

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
=436,551 kg x 1888,824 KJ/Kg

=824568,006 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ


= 197071,753 Kkal
CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (402 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (4022 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (4023 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (4024-2984)
= 7847,816 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 435,990 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 34253,941 kg x 435,990 KJ/kg
= 14934375,740 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 1569315,801 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x CpdT
= 3,124 Kmol x 0,969 KJ/Kmol K x (402 298) K
= 314.824 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 75,243 Kkal

Aliran gas ke Flash Gas Condenser


T = 369K
CpdT NH3

= 33,573 (369 - 298) + -1,26E-02/2 (3692 - 2982) + 8,89E05/3 (3693 - 2983) + -7,18E-08/4 (3694-2984) + 1,86E-11/5
(3695-2985)

= 2615,483 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/17kg


= 153,852 KJ/kg
QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 228,793 kg x 153,852 KJ/kg
= 35200,261 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 8412,862 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= 27,437 (369 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (3692 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (3693 - 2983) + 4,00E-09/4 (3694-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (3695-2985)
= 2804,651 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/44kg
= 63,742 KJ/kg

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
=130,247 kg x 63,742 KJ/kg
= 8302,204 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 1984,227 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 33,933 (369 - 298) + -8,42E-03/2 (3692 - 2982) + 2,99E05/3 (3693 - 2983) + -1,78E-08/4 (3694-2984) + 3,69E-12/5
(3695-2985)
= 2402,781 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg

= 133,488 KJ/kg
QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 3928,584 kg x 133,488 KJ/kg
= 524418,821 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 125336,098 Kkal

Aliran produk ke Urea Solution Tank


T = 369K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (369 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (3692 - 2982)+


1,00E-02/3 (3693 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (3694-2984)
= 10064,104 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/60kg
= 167,735 KJ/kg

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 65746,450 kg x 167,735 KJ/kg
= 11027980,790 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 2635687,409 Kkal

CpdT NH3

= -182,157 (369 -298) + 3,36E+00/2 (3692 - 2982) +


-1,44E-02/3 (3693 - 2983) + 2,04E-05/4 (3694-2984)
= 6817,196 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/17kg

= 401,012 KJ/kg
QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 532,631 kg x 401,012 KJ/kg
= 213591,022 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 51048,254 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= -3981,02(369 - 298) + 5,25E+01/2 (3692 - 2982) +


-2,27E-01/3 (3693 - 2983) + 3,29E-04/4 (3694-2984)
= 37393,496 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/44kg
= 849,852 KJ/kg

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 306,304 kg x 849,852 KJ/kg
=260313,067 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 62214,823 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053(369 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (3692 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (3693 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4(3694-2984)
= 5341,037 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 296,724 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O

= 30325,357 kg x 296,724 KJ/kg


= 8998261,230 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 2150584,434 Kkal
QF Biuret

= n x CpdT
= 3,124 Kmol x 0,969 KJ/Kmol K x (369 298) K
= 214,928 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 51,368 Kkal

Neraca Panas Pada Flash Separator


Komponen
Aliran produk dari LPD
Urea
NH3
CO2
H2O
Biuret

Input (Kkal)
3675301,769
123375,389
197071,753
1569315,801
75,243

Aliran gas ke Flash


Gas Condenser
NH3
CO2
H2O

8412,862
1984,227
125336,098

Aliran produk ke Urea


Solution Tank
Urea
NH3
CO2
H2O
Biuret
Panas yang hilang
Total

Output (Kkal)

2635687,409
51048,254
62214,823
2150584,434
51,368
529820,480
5565139,955

5565139,955

7. Vacuum Concentrator Lower (FA 202 B)

UST(FA-201) :
Urea = 2635687,409 Kkal
NH3 = 51048,254 Kkal
CO2 = 62214,823 Kkal 20
H2O = 2150584,434 Kkal
Biuret = 51,368 Kkal
21

Heater (EA-201) :
22

Vacuum
Concentrator Lower
(FA-202B)

Aliran dari Recovery


Urea = 2419093,284 Kkal
H2O = 800118,257 Kkal
Biuret = 45,468 Kkal

Urea = .......?
H2O = .......?
Biuret = .......?

23
Aliran menuju PCT :
Urea = ..........?
NH3 = ..........?
CO2 = ..........?
H2O = ...........?

Suhu masuk pada aliran produk dari Urea Solution Tank

= 96oC

Suhu masuk aliran produk dari recovery

= 83C

Suhu keluar pada aliran produk ke Heater

= 96 oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran gas ke PCT

= 132oC

Aliran produk dari Urea Solution Tank


T = 369K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (369 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (3692 - 2982)+


1,00E-02/3 (3693 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (3694-2984)
= 10064,104 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/60kg
= 167,735 KJ/kg

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 65746,450 kg x 167,735 KJ/kg
= 11027980,790 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 2635687,409 Kkal

CpdT NH3

= -182,157 (369 -298) + 3,36E+00/2 (3692 - 2982) +


-1,44E-02/3 (3693 - 2983) + 2,04E-05/4 (3694-2984)
= 6817,196 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/17kg
= 401,012 KJ/kg

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 532,631 kg x 401,012 KJ/kg
= 213591,022 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 51048,254 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= -3981,02 (369 - 298) + 5,25E+01/2 (3692 - 2982) +


-2,27E-01/3 (3693 - 2983) + 3,29E-04/4 (3694-2984)
= 37393,496 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/44kg
= 849,852 KJ/kg

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 306,304 kg x 849,852 KJ/kg

=260313,067 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ


= 62214,823 Kkal
CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (369 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (3692 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (3693 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (3694-2984)
= 5341,037 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 296,724 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 30325,357 Kg x 296,724 KJ/kg
= 8998261,230 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 2150584,434 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x CpdT
= 3,124 Kmol x 0,969 KJ/Kmol K x (369 298) K
= 214,928 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 51,368 Kkal

Aliran produk dari recovery


T = 356K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (356 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (3562 - 2982) +


1,00E- 02/3 (3563 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (3564-2984)

= 8413,717 KJ/Kgmol x 1 Kmol/60kg


= 140,229 KJ/kg
QF Urea

= 72180 Kg x 140,229 KJ/kg


= 10121729,220 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 2419093,284 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (356 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (3562 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (3563 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (3564-2984)
= 4361,928 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 242,329 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 13815 Kg x 242,329 KJ/kg
= 3347775,135 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 800118,257 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x CpdT
= 3,385 kg x 0,969 KJ/Kgmol K x (356 298) K
= 190,244 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 45,468 Kkal

Aliran Produk ke Heater


T = 369K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (369 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (3692 - 2982) +


1,00E-02/3 (3693 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (3694-2984)
= 10064,104 KJ/Kgmol x 1 Kmol/60kg
= 167,735 KJ/kg

QF Urea

= 138788,457 kg x 167,735 KJ/kg


= 23279681,830 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 5563843,959 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (369 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (3692 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (3693 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (3694-2984)
= 5341,037 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 296,724 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 24866,264 kg x 296,724 KJ/kg
= 7378417,319 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 1763441,739 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x CpdT
= 15,093 kg x 0,969 KJ/Kgmol K x (369 298) K
= 1038,383 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/1KJ
= 248,174 Kkal

Aliran gas keluar ke PCT


T = 405K
CpdT Urea

= 24,856 (405 - 298) + 1,44E-01/2 (4052 - 2982) +


3,81E-05/3 (4053 - 2983) + -1,10E-07/4(4054-2984) +
3,92E-11/5 (4055-2985)
= 8127,084 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/60kg
= 135,451 KJ/kg

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 242,329 kg x 135,451 KJ/kg
= 31469,195 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 7521,138 Kkal

CpdT NH3

= 33,573 (405 - 298) + -1,26E-02/2 (4052 - 2982) +


8,89E-05/3 (4053 - 2983) + -7,18E-08/4(4054-2984) +
1,86E-11/5 (4055-2985)

= 3993,178 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/17kg


= 234,893 KJ/kg
QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 352,479 kg x 234,893 KJ/kg
= 82794,850 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 19787,969 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= 27,437 (405 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (4052 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (4053 - 2983) + 4,00E-09/4 (4054-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (4055-2985)
= 4284,075 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/44kg
= 97,365 KJ/kg

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 216,627 kg x 97,365 KJ/kg
= 21091,888 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 5040,961 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 33,933(405 - 298) + -8,42E-03/2 (4052 - 2982) +


2,99E-05/3 (4053 - 2983) + -1,78E-08/4(4054-2984) +
3,69E-12/5 (4055-2985)

= 3634,160 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg


= 201,898 Kkal
QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 17546,627 kg x 201,898 KJ/kg
= 3542628,898 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 846688,307 Kkal

Neraca Panas Vaccum Concentrator Lower


Komponen
Aliran produk dari Urea
Solution Tank
Urea
NH3
CO2
H2O
Biuret
Aliran produk dari
recovery
Urea
H2O
Biuret

Input (Kkal)

2635687,409
51048,254
62214,823
2150584,434
51,368

2419093,284
800118,257
45,468

Aliran produk ke Heater


Urea
H2O
Biuret

5563843,959
1763441,739
248,174

Aliran gas ke PCT


Urea
NH3
CO2
H2O

7521,138
19787,969
5040,961
846688,307
150056,227

Panas yang hilang


Total

Output (Kkal)

8356628,474

8356628,474

8. Vacum Concentrator Upper (FA 202 A)

Aliran menuju PCT :


Urea = ..........?
NH3 = ..........?
CO2 = ..........?
H2O = ...........?

Heater (EA-201) :

22

Urea = 5563843,959 Kkal


H2O = 1763441,739 Kkal
Biuret = 248,174 Kkal

Vacuum
Concentrator Upper
(FA-202A)

25
24

Final Separator
(FA-203) :
Urea = .......?
H2O = .......?
Biuret = .......?

Suhu masuk aliran produk dari Heater

= 96C

Suhu keluar pada aliran produk ke Final separator

= 138oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran gas ke PCT

= 132oC

Aliran Produk dari Heater


T = 369K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (369 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (3692 - 2982) +


1,00E-02/3 (3693 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (3694-2984)
= 10064,104 KJ/Kgmol x 1 Kmol/60kg
= 167,735 KJ/kg

QF Urea

= 138788,457 kg x 167,735 KJ/kg


= 23279681,830 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 5563843,959 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (369 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (3692 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (3693 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (3694-2984)
= 5341,037 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 296,724 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 24866,264 kg x 296,724 KJ/kg
= 7378417,319 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 1763441,739 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x CpdT
= 15,093 kg x 0,969 KJ/Kgmol K x (369 298) K
= 1038,383 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 248,174 Kkal

Aliran Produk ke Final separator


T = 411K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (411 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (4112 - 2982) +


1,00E-02/3 (4113 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (4114-2984)
= 15079,932 KJ/Kgmol x 1 Kmol/60kg
= 251,332 KJ/kg

QF Urea

= 144984,371 kg x 251,332 KJ/kg


= 36439211,93 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 6108971,652 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053(411 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (4112 - 2982) +


-2,11E-04/3 (4113 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (4114-2984)
= 8539,613 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 474,423 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 2780,726 kg x 474,423 KJ/kg
= 1319240,371 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 315298,449 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x CpdT
= 9,008 kg x 0,969 KJ/Kgmol K x (411 298) K
= 986,349 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 235,737 Kkal

Aliran gas keluar ke PCT


T = 405 K
CpdT Urea

= 24,856 (405 - 298) + 1,44E-01/2 (4052 - 2982) +


3,81E-05/3 (4053 - 2983) +-1,10E-07/4 (4054-2984)
+ 3,92E-11/5 (4055-2985)
= 8127,084 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/60kg
= 135,451 KJ/kg

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 143,745 kg x 135,451 KJ/kg
= 19470,404 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 4653,427 Kkal

CpdT NH3

= 33,573 (405 - 298) + -1,26E-02/2 (4052 - 2982) +


8,89E-05/3 (4053 - 2983) +-7,18E-08/4 (4054-2984)
+ 1,86E-11/5 (4055-2985)

= 3993,178 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/17kg


= 234,893 KJ/kg
QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 198,269 kg x 234,893 KJ/kg
= 46572 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 11130,708 Kkal

CpdT CO2

= 27,437(405 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (4052 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (4053 - 2983) +4,00E-09/4 (4054-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (4055-2985)
= 4284,075 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/44kg
= 97,365 KJ/kg

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 153,659 kg x 97,365 KJ/kg
= 14961,009 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 3575,681 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 33,933 (405 - 298) + -8,42E-03/2 (4052 - 2982) +


2,99E-05/3 (4053 - 2983) +-1,78E-08/4(4054-2984) +
3,69E-12/5 (4055-2985)

= 3634,160 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg


= 201,898 Kkal
QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 16026,762 kg x 201,898 KJ/kg
= 3235771,194 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 773349,315 Kkal

Neraca Panas Vacum Concentrator Upper


Komponen
Aliran produk dari Heater
Urea
H2O
Biuret

Input (Kkal)
5563843,959
1763441,739
248,174

Aliran produk ke Final


Separator
Urea
H2O
Biuret

6108971,652
315298,449
235,737

Aliran ke EA 202
Urea
NH3
CO2
H2O
Panas yang hilang
Total

Output (Kkal)

4653,427
11130,708
3575,681
773349,315
110318,903
7327533,872

7327533,872

9. Final Separator (FA 203)

Aliran menuju PCT :


Urea = ..........?
NH3 = ..........?
CO2 = ..........?
H2O = ...........?

Vacuum Concentrator
Upper (FA-202A) :
24
Urea = 6108971,652 Kkal
H2O = 315298,449 Kkal
Biuret = 235,737 Kkal

27

Final Separator
(FA-203)

26

Prilling Tower :
Urea = .......?
H2O = .......?
Biuret = .......?

Suhu masuk aliran produk dari Vacuum Concentrator Upper = 138C


Suhu keluar pada aliran produk ke Prilling Tower

= 138oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran gas ke PCT

= 138oC

Aliran Produk dari Vacuum Concentrator Upper


T = 411K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (411 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (4112 - 2982) +


1,00E-02/3 (4113 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (4114-2984)
= 15079,932 KJ/Kgmol x 1 Kmol/60kg
= 251,332 KJ/kg

QF Urea

= 144984,371 kg x 251,332 KJ/kg


= 36439211,930 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 6108971,652 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (411 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (4112 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (4113 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (4114-2984)
= 8539,613 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 474,423 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 2780,726 kg x 474,423 KJ/kg
= 1319240,371 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 315298,449 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x CpdT
= 9,008 kg x 0,969 KJ/Kgmol K x (411 298) K
= 986,349 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 235,737 Kkal

Aliran produk ke Prilling Tower


T = 411K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (411 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (4112 - 2982) +

1,00E-02/3 (4113 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4(4114-2984)


= 15079,932 KJ/Kgmol x 1 Kmol/60kg
= 251,332 KJ/kg
QF Urea

= 123660,516 kg x 251,332 KJ/kg


= 31079844,810 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 7428082,909 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (411 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (4112 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (4113 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (4114-2984)
= 8539,613 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 474,423 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 249,819 kg x 474,423 KJ/kg
= 118519,879 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 315298,449 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x CpdT
= 9,608 kg x 0,969 KJ/Kgmol K x (411 298) K
= 1052,047 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 251,439 Kkal

Aliran gas ke PCT


T = 411K
CpdT Urea

= 24,856 (411 - 298) + 1,44E-01/2 (4112 - 2982) +


3,81E-05/3 (4113 - 2983) +-1,10E-07/4(4114-2984) +
3,92E-11/5 (4115-2985)
= 8628,477 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/60kg
= 143,808 KJ/kg

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 2700,392 kg x 135,451 KJ/kg
= 365770,797 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 87419,220 Kkal

CpdT NH3

= 33,573 (411 - 298) + -1,26E-02/2 (4112 - 2982) +


8,89E-05/3 (4113 - 2983) +-7,18E-08/4 (4114-2984) +
1,86E-11/5 (4115-2985)
= 4226,397 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/17kg
= 248,612 KJ/kg

QF NH3

= n x CpdT NH3
= 694,735 kg x 248,612 KJ/kg
= 172719,458 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ

= 41279,950 Kkal
CpdT CO2

= 27,437(411 - 298) + 4,23E-02/2 (4112 - 2982) +


-1,96E-05/3 (4113 - 2983) + 4,00E-09/4 (4114-2984) +
-2,99E-13/5 (4115-2985)
= 4534,252 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/44kg
= 103,051 KJ/kg

QF CO2

= n x CpdT CO2
= 616,220 kg x 103,051 KJ/kg
= 63502,087 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 15176,999 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 33,933 (411 - 298) + -8,42E-03/2 (4112 - 2982) +


2,99E-05/3 (4113 - 2983) +-1,78E-08/4(4114-2984) +
3,69E-12/5 (4115-2985)
= 3840,370 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 213,354 Kj/kg

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 16026,762 kg x 213,354 KJ/kg
= 908913,527 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ

= 217230,333 Kkal
Neraca Panas Final Separator (FA 203)
Komponen
Aliran produk
Urea
H2O
Biuret

Input (Kkal)

Output (kg)
6108971,652
315298,449
235,737

Aliran ke Prilling
tower
Urea
H2O
Biuret

6028082,909
28326,251
251,439

Aliran gas ke PCT


Urea
NH3
CO2
H2O

87419,220
41279,950
15176,999
217230,333

Panas yang hilang


Total

6738,737
6424505,838

6424505,838

10. Prilling Tower ( IA - 301)

Aliran ke ATM :
Urea =......?
H2O =......?

Final Separator
(FA-203) :
Urea = 7428082,909 Kkal
H2O = 315298,449 Kkal
Biuret = 251,439
26

32

Aliran Urea Produk :


Urea = ..........?
H2O = ...........?
Biuret = ........?
30

Aliran Udara Masuk :

28
Urea = 83,182 Kkal
H2O = 281535,425 Kkal

Prilling Tower
(IA-301)

29

Aliran H2O dari PCT :


H2O = 275025,678 Kkal

31

Dust Chamber:
Urea = ..........?
H2O = ...........?

Suhu masuk aliran produk dari Final Separator

= 138C

Suhu masuk aliran H2O dari PCT

= 50C

Suhu masuk aliran Udara

= 40C

Suhu keluar pada aliran Urea produk

= 138oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran ke Dust chamber

= 36oC

Suhu keluar pada aliran gas ke atmosfer

= 36C

Aliran dari Final separator


T = 411K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (411 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (4112 - 2982) +


1,00E-02/3 (4113 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (4114-2984)

= 15079,932 KJ/Kgmol x 1 Kmol/60kg


= 251,332 KJ/kg
QF Urea

= 123660,516 kg x 251,332 KJ/kg


= 31079844,810 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 7428082,909 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (411 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (4112 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (4113 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (4114-2984)
= 8539,613 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 474,423 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 249,819 kg x 474,423 KJ/kg
= 118519,879 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 315298,449 Kkal

QF Biuret

= n x CpdT
= 9,608 kg x 0,969 KJ/Kgmol K x (411 298) K
= 1052,047 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 251,439 Kkal

Aliran H2O dari PCT


T = 323K
CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (323 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (3232 - 2982)+


-2,11E-04/3 (3233 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (3234-2984)
= 1883,021 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 104,612 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 11000 kg x 104,612 KJ/kg
= 1150735,056 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 275025,678 Kkal

Aliran udara masuk


T = 313K
CpdT Urea

= 24,856 (313 - 298) + 1,44E-01/2 (3132 - 2982) +


3,81E-05/3 (3133 - 2983) +-1,10E-07/4 (3134-2984) +
3,92E-11/5 (3135-2985)
= 1044,123 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/60kg
= 17,402 KJ/kg

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea

= 20 kg x 17,402 KJ/kg
= 348,041 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 83,182 Kkal
CpdT H2O

= 33,933 (313 - 298) + -8,42E-03/2 (3132 - 2982) +


2,99E-05/3 (3133 - 2983) +

-1,78E-08/4 (3134-2984) +

3,69E-12/5 (3135-2985)
= 505,143 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 28,063 KJ/kg
QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 41976 kg x 28,063 KJ/kg
= 1177972,488 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/kJ
= 281535,425 Kkal

Aliran urea produk


T = 411K
CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (411 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (4112 - 2982)+


1,00E-02/3 (4113 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (4114-2984)
= 15079,932 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/60kg
= 251,332 KJ/kg

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 123288,589 kg x 251,332 KJ/kg
= 30986393,310 KJ x 0,239Kkal/KJ
= 7405747,762 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (411 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (4112 - 2982) +


-2,11E-04/3 (4113 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (4114-2984)
= 8539,613 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 474,423 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 249,068 kg x 474,423 KJ/kg
= 118163,588 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
=28241,097 Kkal

QF biuret

= n x CpdT
= 9,579 Kmol x 0,969KJ/Kmol K x (411-298) K
= 1048,872 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 250,673 Kkal

Aliran ke dust chamber


T = 309K

CpdT Urea

= 965,507 (309 - 298) + -5,10E+00/2 (3092 - 2982)+


1,00E-02/3 (3093 - 2983) + -6,38E-06/4 (3094-2984)
= 1,5164 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/60kg
= 0,0253 KJ/kg

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 371,917 kg x 0,0253 KJ/kg
= 9,409 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/kJ
= 2,248 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 92,053 (309 - 298) + -4,00E-02/2 (3092 - 2982) +


-2,11E-04/3 (3093 - 2983) + 5,35E-07/4 (3094-2984)
= 829,8026 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 46,1002 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 1484,883 kg x 46,1002 KJ/kg
= 68453,403 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/KJ
= 16,360 Kkal

Aliran ke atmosfer
T = 309K

CpdT Urea

= 24,856 (309 - 298) + 1,44E-01/2 (3092 - 2982) +


3,81E-05/3 (3093 - 2983) + -1,10E-07/4(3094-2984) +
3,92E-11/5 (3095-2985)
= 796,429 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/60kg
= 13,274 KJ/kg

QF Urea

= n x CpdT Urea
= 30,909 kg x 13,274 KJ/kg
= 410,286 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/kJ
= 98,058 Kkal

CpdT H2O

= 33,933 (309 - 298) + -8,42E-03/2 (3092 - 2982) +


2,99E-05/3 (3093 - 2983) + -1,78E-08/4 (3094-2984) +
3,69E-12/5 (3095-2985)
= 370,321 KJ/Kmol x 1 Kmol/18kg
= 20,574 KJ/kg

QF H2O

= n x CpdT H2O
= 51483,975 kg x 20,574 KJ/kg
= 10599231,302 KJ x 0,239 Kkal/kJ
= 253156,281 Kkal

Neraca Panas Pada Prilling Tower


Komponen
Aliran dari FA 203
Urea
H2O
Biuret
Aliran H2O dari PCT
H2O
Aliran udara masuk
Urea
H2O

Input (Kkal)

Output (Kkal)

7428082,909
315298,449
1251,439
275025,678

83,182
281535,425

Aliran urea produk


Urea
Biuret
H2O

7405747,762
250,673
28241,097

Aliran ke dust chamber

Urea
H2O

2,248
16,360

Aliran ke atm
- Urea
- H2O

98,058
253156,281

Panas yang hilang

613764,603

Total

8301277,082

8301277,082

Neraca Masa Over All


No.

1.

2.

Alat

5..

Umpan Keluar
(Kkal)

Seksi Sintesa
Urea Sintesa Reaktor

35480164,250

35480164,250

Stripper

36841725,790

36841725,790

Carbamat Condenser

16668758,160

16668758,160

High Pressure Decomposer

25859767,320

25859767,320

Low Pressure Decomposer

20291630,200

20291630,200

5565139,955

5565139,955

Vacuum Concentrator Lower

8356628,474

8356628,474

Vacuum Concentrator Upper

7327533,872

7327533,872

Final Separator

6424505,838

6424505,838

8301277,082

8301277,082

171117130,9

171117130,9

Seksi Purifikasi

Flash Separator
4

Umpan Masuk
(Kkal)

Seksi Konsentrasi

Seksi Prilling
Prilling Tower
Total