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Chapter I Introduction to ASME Piping Codes

1) General: ASME Piping Codes give stipulations and guidelines for the design, materials, manufacture and testing of pressure Piping. These are issued by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York. It is a LIVE code and is revised and updated periodically by issuing new editions and addendas. It keeps pace with time and is responsive to the questions from its users. Applicability: The editions and addenda become applicable after six months from date of issue. Thus, 1st Jan. 2000, the construction of Piping shall be as per 1998 edition and 1999 addenda. However, for old contracts spilling over beyond 1st Jan 2000, the old applicable edition and addenda are valid till the completion of contract/upto start-up. Code Interpretation: ASME issue written replies know as Interpretations to the inquiries concerning technical aspects of the code and are sent to Edition - subscribers as up-date service. Code Cases: ASME committee meets regularly to consider proposed additions and revisions to the code. At the same time it may formulate code cases to clarify Intent of existing requirements. These are published as code-Cases. It is published along with new editions and supplements are automatically sent td subscribers of code case book till new edition is published. Salient Features of ASME Codes: Ever y ASME Code starts with specifying the scope of the code in terms of capacity, size and pressure and other limitations if any. It also deals with and the battery limits and the areas of code jurisdictions.





The Codes categorize and classify acceptable grades for materials of construction, for specific applications covered by the codes. The codes also identify and categorize various methods of construction I fabrication. The codes specify the required N.D.T. and other inspections. They also specify the accept I reject criteria. What is most important about the ASME Code is that they are user friendly, and keep pace with changing technologies and new materials. No wonder the Users and the Manufactures world over have adopted the ASME codes whole heatedly. The participants are advised to refer the actual code clauses and extract information from the latest codes applicable. ASME code is even evolving document and one has to refer to the latest applicable edition and addenda. These notes will help in understandings the code, and should not be referred to as the Code it self.


Statutory Regulations Pressure Piping Codes - B 31: The ASME B31 Code for Pressure Piping consists of a number of individually published Sections. Rules for each Section have been developed considering the need for application of specific requirements for various types of pressure piping. Application considered for each Code Section include B31.1 Power piping: Piping typically found in electric power generating stations, in industrial and institutional plants, geothermal heating systems, and central and district heating and Cooling systems; B31.3 Process Piping: Piping typically found in petroleum refineries, chemical, pharmaceutical, textile, paper, semiconductor, arid cryogenic plants, and related processing plants and terminals; B31.4 Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbons and Other Liquids: transporting products which are predominately liquid between plants and terminals,~ and within terminals, pumping, and metering stations; B31.5 Refrigeration Piping: Piping for refrigerants and secondary coolants; B31.8 Gas Transportation and Distribution Piping Systems: piping transporting products which are predominately gas between sources and terminals, Including compressor, regulating, and metering stations; and gas gathering pipelines; B31.9 Building Services Piping: piping typically found in industrial, institutional, commercial, and public buildings, and in multi-unit residences, which does not require range of sizes, pressures, and temperatures covered in B31 .1; B31.11 Slurry Transportation Piping Systems: piping transporting aqueous slurries between plants and terminals, and within terminals, pumping, and regulating stations. It is the owners responsibility to select the code Section which almost nearly applies to a proposed piping installation. Factors to be considered by the owner include: limitations of the Code Section; jurisdictional requirements; and the applicability of other codes and standards .All applicable requirements of the selected Code Section shall be met .For some installations, more than one Code Section may apply to different parts of the installation. The latest Edition and addenda issued at least 6 months prior to the original contract date for the first phase of activity covering a piping system or systems shall be governing document for all design, materials, fabrication, erection, examination, and testing for the piping until the completion of the work and initial operation. Code Revisions and Updating: The 1998 Edition of this Code is issued on July 1, 1998. The next Edition is scheduled for publication on July 1,2001.The use of addenda allows revision

made in response to public review comments or Code committee actions. Each addenda is designated by small letter (a, b etc.) suffixed after code designation, Thus Addenda to B31.1 code (1998 edition) issued in 1999 will be ASME B 31.1 a-1999, addenda 2000 will be ASME 6 31.1 b-2000 and so on. ASME issues written replies to inquiries concerning interpretations of technical aspects of the Code. The Interpretations are published in a separate publication in a separate supplement. Periodically certain actions of the ASME B31 Committee will be published as Cases. The Cases are published in a separate supplement. Clauses in the Code are not necessarily numbered consecutively. Such discontinuities result from following a common outline, insofar as practicable, for all Code Sections. In this way, corresponding material is correspondingly numbered in most Code Sections, thus facilitating reference by those who have occasion to use more than one Section.