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MAT455

Rusyah/Zubaidahs
TUTORIAL: Vector analysis

Tangent plane
1. Find the equation of a tangent plane to the surface 21 xz yz 2 xy 3
3 2
= + + at the point (1,
1, 2). 0 77 25 22 5 : = + + z y x Ans

2. Find the equation of the tangent plane to the surface 0 ) z x ln( x = at the point P(2,1,
2
1
).
0 4 z 4 x : Ans = +

3. Find the equations of tangent plane and normal line to 10 xz yz 2 xy
2
= + at
P(-5,5,1). (ans: tangent plane: 0 15 z 20 y 3 x 4 = + + ,normal line:
1 t 20 z , 5 t 3 y , 5 t 4 x + = + = = )

4. Find the equation of the tangent plane to the surface 3 x 16 xy z y 2
2
= + at the point
P(1,1,0). (Ans: 14 z 2 y x 15 + )

5. Find the equation of the tangent plane and the normal line at the point (0 ,1 , 2) on the
surface 4 yz e y x ) x cos(
xz 2
= + + t . Ans: 4 z y 2 x 2 = + + , < t 2 x = ,
t 2 1 y + = , t 2 z + = >


Gradient, Divergence and Curl
1. Let

+ + + = k ye j ) e xy 2 ( i y ) z , y , x ( F
z z 2
be a vector field and
z 2
e y y x 2 ) z , y , x ( + = | be a
scalar field. Determine the following at the point A(1,1,0).
a. div

F . (Ans : 3)
b. grad | .(Ans: < 2, 5, 1 >
c. the equation of a tangent plane to the surface 3 e y y x 2
z 2
= + .
) 7 z y 5 x 2 : Ans ( = + +
2. If
3 2
yz x = | and

+ + = k ) y cos x ( j x i yz 3 ) z , y , x ( F
2
, find:

a) | grad (ans:

+ + = k yz x 3 j z x i xyz 2
2 2 3 2 3
)
b)

F div (ans: 0)
c)

F curl (ans:

+ = k ) z 3 x 2 ( j ) y 3 y (cos i y sin x )

3. Find div F and curl F where

+ = k z sin j ) y ( cos i e ) z , y , x ( F
2 xy
.
Ans:

+ + k xe , ) z ( cos ) z ( sin 2 ) y ( sin ye


xy xy


4. If

+ = k z xy 3 j xz i xyz 2 ) z , y , x ( F
2 2
and x sin y e
z y x
+ = | , find:
a) | grad (Ans:

+ + + + = k xye j ) x sin xze ( i ) x cos y yze (
xyz xyz xyz
)
b) ) grad ( curl | (Ans:

0 )
MAT455
Rusyah/Zubaidahs
c)

F div (Ans:
2
xy 3 yz 2 = )
d)

F curl (Ans:

+ = k ) xz 2 z ( j ) xy 2 z y 3 ( i ) xz 2 xyz 6 (
2 2


Independent of Path, Conservative Vector Field

1. Find a potential function for the vector field


+ + + = k z y 6 j ) yz 4 ) xy cos( x ( i ) xy cos( y ) z , y , x ( F
2 2 3

) 2 ) sin( :
3 2
c z y xy f Ans + + =
2. Let

+ + = k y x j z x i xyz 2 F
2 2
be a vector field in 3-space.
a. Show that
}

-
C
dr F is independent of path.
b. Find a potential function | such that | V = F . c yz x : Ans
2
+

3. i) Show that

+ + = k xy j xz i yz ) z , y , x ( F is a conservative vector field, and find a potential
function f(x,y,z) such that f grad F =

. c xyz : Ans +
ii) Evaluate the work done by

F acting on an object as it moves along any path from A (1,


0, 1) to B (2, 1, 3). (Hint: Use the fact that
}

-
C
dr F is independent of path). ) 12 : Ans (
4. Given

+ + + = k ) 1 yz 2 ( j ) z e x ( i e F
2 y y
.
a. Show that

F is a conservative vector field.


b. Find a potential function f(x,y,z) such that f F V =

. C z yz xe : Ans
2 y
+ +
c. Hence, evaluate
}

-
C
dr F where C consists of the line segment from (0,0,0) to
(1,1,4), followed by the parabola
2
x y = from (1,1,4) to (2,4,4). Ans: 2e
4
+60

5. If

+ = k e j x tan i ) ze x sec y ( ) z , y , x ( F
x x 2
, show that

-
}
dr F
C
is independent of path and
find a potential function f for

F such that f F V =

.(Ans: c ze x tan y f
x
+ = )
6. Show that

+ + = k z
2
1
j y 2 i x sin 2 ) z , y , x ( F
2
is conservative vector field. Hence, find the
potential function of

F . c z
3
1
y
3
2
x cos 2 f : Ans
2
3
3
+ + + =

7. Determine whether or not the vector field

+ + = k xe 2 j 3 i e 2 F
z z
is conservative. If it is
conservative, find a function f such that . f F V =

(Ans: c y 3 x e 2 f
z
+ + = )

MAT455
Rusyah/Zubaidahs
8. i. Let ( ) ( )

+ + + + = k z y b j ) z x ( y 2 i y a ) z , y , x ( F
2 2 2
. By showing your work, for
what values of the constants a and b will

F be conservative? (Ans: a = b = 1)

ii. Using these values, find a function f (x,y,z) such that
f F V =

. Ans: C
3
z
zy x y f
3
2 2
+ + + =
iii. Evaluate

-
}
dr F
C
where C is the closed curve shown below. Give reasons for
your answer.

9. Let

|
|
.
|

\
|
+ + + = k
3
y
x j z y i xz 2 ) z , y , x ( F
3
2 2
be a vector field
a) Show that ) z , y , x ( F

is conservative
b) Find a potential function f(x,y,z) such that f F V =

.
(Ans: c
3
z y
z x ) z , y , x ( f
3
2
+ + =


Line Integrals

1. Find the work done by the force field

+ = k x j yz 2 i ) z y ( ) z , y , x ( F
2 2 2
on an object
moving along a curve
3 2
t ) t ( z , t ) t ( y , t ) t ( x : C = = = from 0 t = to 1 t = .
35
1
: Ans

2. Evaluate the line integral dy x dx y
C
+
}
where C consists of the line segments from (0,0) to
(1,0) and (1,0) to (1,1) and the parabola
2
x x 2 y = from (1,1) to (0,0). (Ans: 0)

Greens Theorem


1. Use Greens Theorem to evaluate ( )
}
+
C
2 2 x
, dy ) x y (tan dx y e where C is the path
enclosing the annular region shown below. |
.
|

\
|
3
104
: Ans
MAT455
Rusyah/Zubaidahs

2. Use the Greens Theorem to evaluate ( )
}
+
C
2 2 2 2
dy y x dx y x where C is the boundary
of the square with vertices (0,0), (1,0), (1,1) and (0,1). |
.
|

\
|
3
2
: Ans

3. Use the Greens Theorem to evaluate
}

-
C
dr F for

+ = j ) y y x ( i ) x xy 2 ( F
2 2 3 2
and C is
the boundary of a triangle defined by the lines , 0 y = 2 x = and x 3 y 2 = . ( ) 9 : Ans


4. State the Greens Theorem and find the work done by the field

+ + = j ) xy x
2
1
( i xy ) y , x ( F
2
on a particle in moving it from (5, 0) along the semicircle
2
x 25 y = and back along the x-axis to (5, 0). Ans: 250/3

5. Evaluate dx y x
C
}
where c is the circle 1 y x
2 2
= +
a) Directly without using Greens Theorem. ( ) 0 : Ans
b) By using Greens Theorem. ( ) 0 : Ans

6. Verify Greens Theorem for

+ + = j y 5 i ) y 3 4 ( ) y , x ( F
2
and C is the curve formed by
x sin y = and x sin 2 y = for t s s x 0 oriented positively. |
.
|

\
|
t
2
9
: Ans


MAT455
Rusyah/Zubaidahs
7. Verify Greens Theorem in the calculation of work done by the force

+ = j x i y 2 ) y , x ( F
3

moving along the path
1
C and
2
C as shown in the figure below ( ) 15 / 64 : Ans


Surface Integral


1. Evaluate
}}

-
S
ds n F where

+ + = k z 2 j y i x F and s is the portion of the surface
2 2
y x 4 z = above the xy-plane oriented by upward unit normal. ) 32 : Ans ( t

2. Let S be the part of the plane x + 2y + z = 2 that lies in the first octant. Calculate the flux
of the vector field

+ + = k x j y i z F across the surface S. ) 2 : Ans (

Stokes Theorem

1. A surface S as in the figure below is the part of the sphere x
2
+ y
2
+ z
2
= 8 that lies inside
the cone z =
2 2
y x + and above the xy-plane.



a. Show that the boundary curve C is given by the equation x
2
+ y
2
= 4 and 2 z = .
b. If the parametric equation of the curve C is given by
x = 2cosu , y = 2 sin u , z = 2
where t s u s 2 0 and

+ + = k xy j xz i yz F , use Stokes Theorem to evaluate
}}

-
S
dS n F curl . ( ) 0 : Ans

2. Given y , 4 x , z y F
2
=

, use Stokes Theorem to compute


}

-
C
dr F , where C is the
boundary of surface S obtained from the intersection of y z = and x
2
+ y
2
= 4 above the
xy-plane as shown in the figure below. ( ) t 8 : Ans
MAT455
Rusyah/Zubaidahs


3. Given that

+ + + = k xyz j )
3
x
y (cos i )
3
y
x (sin F
3 3
, use Stokes Theorem to
compute

-
}
dr F
C
, where C is the curve in which the cone
2 2 2
y x z + = intersects the
plane 1 z = , oriented counter clockwise viewed from the positive z-axis. |
.
|

\
|
2
:
t
Ans


4. Use Stokes Theorem to evaluate

-
}
dr F
C
where

+ + = k z j x i y F
2 2
and C is the curve
of intersection of the plane 1 x z + = and the cylinder 1 y x
2 2
= + as shown in the diagram
below. (Ans: t )



5. If

+ = k z 3 j y 2 i x F , use the Stokes Theorem to evaluate dS n F
S

- |
.
|

\
|
V
}}
where S is
the part of the paraboloid
2 2
y x z + = and C is a circle 9 y x
2 2
= + as shown below.
(Ans: 0)
MAT455
Rusyah/Zubaidahs

6. Use the Stokes Theorem to evaluate

-
}
dr F
C
where

+ + = k z j x i y F
3
and S is the
surface of the paraboloid
2 2
y x z + = that lies below the plane 2 z = and C is the trace of
S as shown in the diagram. (Ans: t )


7. Let S be the surface of 1 y z + = bounded by the paraboloid 1 x y
2
+ = , the planes 0 y =
and 0 z = as shown in the diagram below. Use Stokes Theorem to calculate the work
done by the force

+ + = k x j yz i xy F
2
along the boundary of the surface S. ( ) 0 : Ans




8. Use Stokes theorem to evaluate the surface integral dS n F curl
S

-
}}
where

= j z x F
3
and S is the surface defined by
2 2
y x z + = for 4 z s and C is the boundary
curve of the surface S, as shown in the diagram. Ans:256t

MAT455
Rusyah/Zubaidahs
9. Use Stokes theorem to evaluate dS n F
S

- V
}
for

+ + = k ) y sin( x 8 j ) y z 4 ( i e F
z

where S is the part of the paraboloid
2 2
y x 4 z = that lies above the xy-plane. Ans: 0

Divergence Theorem





1. If

+ = k z j y 3 i z x 2 F
2
,use the Divergence Theorem to evaluate dS n F
S

-
}}
where S is
the surface of the wedge cut from the first octant by the cylinder 16 y x
2 2
= + and the
plane 4 z y = + . ) 64 48 : Ans ( t


2. Use the Divergence Theorem to evaluate dS n F
S

-
}}
where

+ + + + + = k ) y 2 z 3 ( j ) y 2 x e ( i ) x yz (cos F
z 2
and S is the surface of the region bounded
by the cylinder 1 z x
2 2
= + and the plane 0 y = and 3 y = .
Hint: Use the cylindrical coordinate system) ) 15 : Ans ( t

3. Use the Divergence Theorem to calculate the flux of

F across the surface S, where



+ + = k ) yx ( j ) y x ( i ) x z ( F
2 2
and S is the boundary of a solid bounded by the paraboloid
2 2
z x 4 y = and the xz plane as shown in the figure below/.
Hint: Use the cylindrical coordinate system). |
.
|

\
|
3
32
: Ans
t

MAT455
Rusyah/Zubaidahs


4. Use the Divergence theorem to calculate the flux of

F across S where

+ + = k ) y z 2 ( j x 3 i x F
2 2
and S is the surface of the tetrahedron bounded by the
plane 4 z y 2 x = + + and the coordinates planes. Ans:64/3

5. If


+ + + = k z j ) xe y ( i ) yz sin x ( ) z , y , x ( F
2 z 2
, use the Divergence Theorem to evaluate
}}

-
S
ds n F where S is the surface of the region bounded by the cylinder 4 y x
2 2
= + and
the planes 1 z = and 2 z = . ) 24 : Ans ( t

6. If

+ + = k y x j y i xy 3 ) z , y , x ( F
4 2 2
, use Divergence Theorem to evaluate
}}

-
S
ds n F
where S is the surface of the tetrahedron 4x + 2y + z = 4 in the first octant. )
3
10
: Ans (

7. Use the Divergence Theorem to find
}}

-
S
dS n F where S is the surface of the solid
bounded by the sphere x
2
+ y
2
+ z
2
=1, the planes x = 0, y = 0, and z = 0 in the first octant,
where n is the outer unit normal to the surface S for

+ + = k z j xz i x 2 F
2
. )
24
11
: Ans ( t

8. State the Divergence Theorem and find the outward flux of

+ = k z 3 j xy 2 i x ) z , y , x ( F
2
across the boundary cut from the first octant by the
sphere 4 z y x
2 2 2
= + + . (Use Cylindrical Coordinates). Ans: 4t


9. Use the Divergence Theorem to calculate the flux of

F across S, where

+ = k z j ) z y 2 ( i ) y x 2 ( ) z , y , x ( F and S is the surface of the prism bounded by the
planes y = x, x = 1, z = 0 and z = 2 y as shown in the figure below. )
6
5
: Ans (

MAT455
Rusyah/Zubaidahs


10. The diagram below shows a solid wedge in the first octant cut from the cylindrical solid
1 z y
2 2
s + by the planes x y = and 0 x = . Use the divergence theorem to calculate
ds n F
S

}}
- where

+ = k ) yz ( j ) y sin e ( i ) y cos e ( F
2 x x
and S is the surface of the solid
wedge. |
.
|

\
|
15
2
: Ans