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Abu Bakr, first Sunni Caliph after the prophet Omar Bin Khattab, second sunni Caliph after

the prophet Othman Bin Affan, third sunni Caliph after the prophet Ali - 599, fourth Caliph, and first Shia Imam Ibn Abbas - 619, Arab Abdullah ibn Masoud - d. 652 Zayd ibn Thabit - pre-610

Sunni Muslim

Abu Hanifa an-Nu'man - 699 Ahmad ibn Hanbal - 780, Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal Malik ibn Anas - 715, Al-Muwatta Abu 'Abd Allah ash-Shafi'i - 767 Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Isma'eel al-Bukhari - 810, Sunni, Persian, Hadith, Sahih Bukhari Most trusted hadith collector in Sunni Islam *Imam Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj - 810, Sahih Muslim Abu Dawud - 817, Sunan Abu Dawud, Persian Al-Tirmidhi - 824, Jami at-Tirmidhi at-Tabarani - al-Mu'jam al-Kabeer ibn Jarir at-Tabari - 838, Sunni, Persian, multiple fields, Tarikh alTabari/Tafsir al-Tabari Al-Ghazali - (1058-1111) Persian theologian and philosopher Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, (11491209) Persia Al-Nawawi - (1233-1278) Sharh Sahih Muslim, Riyadh as-Saaliheen, 40 Hadith Nawawi ash-Shawkani Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani - (1372-1449) Muhaddith author of al-Fath al-Baari and Bulugh al-Maram Al-Nasa'i - 829 Hadith collection Ibn Majah - 824 Persia Sunan ibn Majah Al-Qurtubi - d. 1273 Tafsir al-Qurtubi Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyyah - (1292-1350) Za'ad al-Ma'ad al-Haafidh ibn Kathir - (1301-1373) Tafsir ibn Kathir Al-Tahawi - (853-933) Egypt Aqeedah at-Tahawiyyah Sibt ibn al-Jawzi - d. 1257 Al-Khatib al-Baghdadi - (1001 - 1072) al-Hafidh ibn Rajab al-Hanbali - (1335-1392) Damascus Al-Dhahabi - (1274-1348) Talkhis al-Mustadrak Ibn Qudamah al-Maqdisi - (1147-1223) al-Mughni Hassan al-Basri - (642 - 728 or 737) Abd ar-Rahman ibn Naasir as-Saa'di - (1889-1956) Shams-ul-haq Azeemabadi -1857 -1911, India, Author of Awn-ul-Mabood Sharh Sunan Abi Dawood Hakim al-Nishaburi - 1014, Persian, Mustadrak al-Hakim

Al-Mawardi - 1058, Arab Ali ibn Tahir al-Sulami - 1106 Averroes - 1126, Sunni Maliki, Spain, multiple fields, The Incoherence of the Incoherence Ali ibn al-Athir - 1160, The Complete History Abul Fida Ismail Ibn Hamwi, 1273, Sunni Shafii (?), Syria, multiple fields, Tarikh Abul Fida Ali ibn Abu Bakr al-Haythami - 13??, Majma al-Zawa'id Ibn Khaldun - 1332, Historian M. A. Muqtedar Khan - 1966 Political Philosopher and Western Muslim Intellectual as-Suyuti - 1471, History of the Caliphs Abdulhakim Arvasi - 1867 Badiuzzaman Said Nursi - 1877, Kurdish Turkish Islamic Scholar Yaqub ibn Ishaq al-Kindi - 801, Arab, multiple fields Ismail Al-Faruqi - 1921, Sunni, Palestina, philosopher Ahmed Rida Khan- 1856 Muhammad Metwally Al Shaarawy - (1911-1998) Yusuf al-Qaradawi - 1926 Al-Sheik Abdulmajeed Al-Zindini (Jammat Al-Iman In Yemen) Fethullah Gulen - 1938, Turkish, Islamic Scholar Abdullah Yusuf Azzam - 1941 Nasr Hamid Abu Zaid - 1943, considered a heretic by some Khurshid Ahmad - 1932 Syed Abdullah Shah Naqshbandi - 1872-1964 Sunni Muhaddith of Deccan India Ibn Hajar Al-Haythami - 909 AH Al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah Ibn Hazm - (994 1064) Andalusian philosopher al-Muhadith Muhammad Nassir ad-Deen Al-Albani - (1914-1999) Muhammad Yusuf Khandlawi - (1917 1965) India Sunni Al-Juwayni - Fara'id al-Simtayn Prof. Dr. Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri[1] (1951) Author of 300 books including Urdu translation of Quran (Irfan-ul-Quran)[2] Rashid Rida - (1865-1935) Syrian Ibn Hisham - (d. 834) Ibn Qutaybah - (828-889) Muhammad Rafi Usmani Muhammad Taqi Usmani Tawfique Chowdhury Anwar Al Awlaki , Yemen Huseyin Hilmi Isik (1911-2001) - Author of Seadet-i Ebediyye or the Endless Bliss Omar Khayym - 1048, Persia Al-Khwarizmi - 800?, Persia

Amin Ahsan Islahi (19041997) - Author of Tadabbur-i-Quran Nizam al-Mulk - (1018 1092) Persian Siyasatnama Sheikh Muhammad Taqiuddin al-Nabhani

Shi'a Muslim
Twelwers known the sayings and behaviour of Prophet, Fatima and 12 Imam as the main source of Islamic knowledge.

Ali ibn Abu Talib- 7th century- cousin and son-in law of the Prophet Muhammed(may Allah bless him and give him peace), first shia imam -completely versed in the Quraan by the age of 9-10 and extensively knowledgable in the natural sciences, composer of shia narration- thepeak of eloquence al-Husayn ibn 'Ali third Shi'i Imam and famed martyr at Karbala Muhammad al Baqir Jafar Sadiq - 702, Arab, Shia Imam Musa al Kazim- shia Imam-a religious scholar descendant of the Prophet Muhammed Ali ar Rida- grandson of the Prophet Muhammed, religious scholar ibn al-Haitham - (965-1040) a twelver shia-"father of optics"- established the study of the Human eye and refraction if light through lenses Muhammad Ya'qub Kulainy - 950, Sufficing fundaments (Usul al-Kafi) Mohammad ibn Ali (ibn-e Babuyeh) or (Shaikh Saduq) 927/928 - (306 -381 A.H.) al-Sharif al-Radi - 970, compiler of the Peak of Eloquence (Nahj al-Balagha) al-Sharif al-Murtada al-Shaykh al-Mufid Nasir al-Din Tusi - 1201, Shi'a, Persia, multiple fields, Zij-i ilkhani, one of the founders of Trigonometry. Mulla Sadra - 1571, Shi'a, Persia, philosophy, Transcendent Theosophy, the greatest philosopher Persia has ever produced Mir Damad - 16?? or 17??, Shia, Persia, philosophy, Taqwim al-Iman, founder of the Isfahan School Allama Majlesi, 1689, Shia twelver, Iran, Oceans of Light (Bihar ul Anwar) Avicenna or ibn Sina - 980, Persian, physicians, The Book of Healing, "the father of modern medicine" Grand Ayatollah al-Shirazi - 1892, Shia twelver, Iran Allameh Tabatabaei - 1892, Shia twelver, Iran, multiple fields, Tafsir al-Mizan Allamah Rasheed Turabi 1908 - 1973 Ruhollah Khomeini - 1900, Shia twelver, Iran, the political and spiritual leader of the 1979 Islamic Revolution Seyyed Hossein Nasr - 1933, Shia twelver, Iran, philosophy, [[Shi'a

Islam (Book)]]

Musa al-Sadr - Abducted in 1978 Morteza Motahhari - 1979 Iran Husain Mohammad Jafri - Shia, Pakistan, The Origins and Early Development of Shi`a Islam Ahmad ibn A'tham Ali al-Sistani - Shia twelver, Iran-Iraq Ahmad Reda Shaykh Ahmad-i-Ahsa'i - Shia Sayed Muhsin al-Hakim Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim Grand Ayatollah Borujerdi Mohammad Salih al-Mazandarani - Shahr Usul al-Kafi Mulla Sadra - Persia Mughatil ibn Bakri Muhammad al-Tijani Hamid Dabashi - Expectation of the Millennium: Shi'ism in History Ali Khamenei Ali Shariati Haji Karim Khan of Kirman [3] Siyyid Kzim Rasht Sayed Muhsin al-Hakim Mohammad Khatami Mahmoud Khatami Professor Abdul Hakeem

Prof.Waheed Akhtar: (1934-1996)

Sufi

Attar, Persia Abusaeid Abolkheir, Persia Junayd Baghdadi Bayazid Bastami, Persia Mansur Al-Hallaj, Persia Abdul Qadir Jilani - Sunni Hanbali Najmeddin Kubra, Persia Muhammad Ilyas - 1885 Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi - 1207, Persia Al-Sakhawi, (831 902) Nasreddin - 10?? -13??, Persia Saadi - Persia Al-Farabi - 870, Persian, multiple fields, Kitab al-Musiqa, one of the greatest scientists and philosophers of his time Jami - 1414, Persian, multiple fields, Diwanha-i Sehganeh, the greatest Persian poet in the 15th century

Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas Justice Shaykh Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari - 1918-1998, Bhera, Pakistan Shaykh Muhammad Imdad Hussain Pirzada Shaykh Faiz-ul-Aqtab Siddiqi England Hazrat Mujadid Abdul Wahab Siddiqi(1942-1994)England

Mutazilite

Wasil ibn Ata - 700, founder of the Mutazilite school of Islamic thought (Arab theology) Abd al-Jabbar of Baghdad and Rayy ,325 AH/935 CE - 415 AH/1025 CE Abul Husayn al-Basri died 478 AH/1085 CE, disciple then opponent of alJabbar, set out qualifications for a muslim scholar Ibn Abu al-Hadid -Peak of Eloquence with comments Zamakhshari - 1074, Persian Masudi Al-Jahiz - 776, Arab Al-Jubba'i - 9??, Persian

Denomination Unknown

Mohammad Ibn Abd-al-Haq Ibn Sabin, Spain A. E. Souaiaia , University of Iowa , USA Muhammad Iqbal, Pakistan Javed Ahmed Ghamidi (1951) - Author of Mizan

Scholars that converted to Islam


Jeffrey Lang Hamza Yusuf Sherman Jackson Yahya Michot Marmaduke Pickthall -1875, England, The meaning of the Holy Qur'an Michael Wolfe Nuh Keller Fritjof Schuon Timothy Winter Bilal Philips Yusuf Estes Ali Ibrahim Kalyanaraman Zaid Shakir - American Thomas McElwain Gary Miller (Abdul-Ahad Omar) - Former Christian Missionary who embraced Islam

Abdul Ahad Davud Muhammad Asad (Leopold Weiss born in July 1900 in the city of Lviv, now in Ukraine, died 1992) was a Jew who converted to Islam. Martin Lings

Controversial
This is a list of scholars of present and past that are not recognized as Muslims by the mainstream but profess to be Muslims as part of groups and small sects that deviate from the mainstream.

Ibn al-Rawandi - 8?? Abd-Allah ibn Ibadh Asra Q. Nomani Elijah Muhammad Rashad Khalifa - proclaimed himself to be the Messenger of the Covenant of 3:81 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad 1835-1908 - proclaimed to be the Promised Reformer (Mahdi) and the Messiah

Orientalists/Non-Muslims

George Sale - 1697 Charles Mills - 1788, England William Muir - 1819, England Ignaz Goldziher - 1850, Hungarian David Samuel Margoliouth - 1858, England, Mohammed and the Rise of Islam Henri Lammens - 1862, French, Islam: Beliefs and Institutions Philip Khuri Hitti - 1886, Lebanon Maxime Rodinson - 1915, French Leone Caetani - 1869, Italian, Annali dell' Islam Wilferd Madelung - 1930, Germany, The Succession to Muhammad, Shia point of view Karen Armstrong - 1944, England, Muhammad: a Biography of the Prophet William Chittick - United States, Sufi point of view Geraldine de Gaury - Rulers of Mecca Betty Kelen - Muhammad, The Messenger of God Francis E. Peters - Muhammad and the Origins of Islam William Montgomery Watt Bb - proclaimed prophethood, started a new religion and stated he abrogated Islam Elijah Muhammad - Started the Nation of Islam movement and proclaimed prophethood Fred M. Donner Alfred Guillaume

Arthur John Arberry Ehsan Yarshater (Bah', with Iranian-Jewish family background) Dr. Ian K. A. Howard John L. Esposito - 1940, Editor-in-chief of The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World Louis Massignon (18831962), French scholar of Islam Margaret Smith, author of Rabi'a the Mystic and her Fellow-Saints in Islam, 1928 Malika Zeghal, author and professor of the anthropology and sociology of Islam