Modul Cemerlang Geografi (Penggal 3) – SET 2 2013

BAHAGIAN B: TOPIKAL 1
SOALAN STRUKTUR
1 (a) Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan konsep pemeliharaan dan pemuliharaan?
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(b) Jelaskan dua langkah pemeliharaan dan dua langkah pemuliharaan yang dilakukan oleh sesebuah
negara dalam menguruskan alam sekitar negara berkenaan.
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(c) Senaraikan empat jenis bahan kimia utama yang terkandung dalam asap kenderaan.
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2 (a) Huraikan mengapa pemeliharaan dan pemuliharaan sumber alam semula jadi semakin penting pada
masa kini.
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(b) Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan penyahhutanan?
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[4]

Jabatan Geografi SMKPurun.

1

Modul Cemerlang Geografi (Penggal 3) – SET 2 2013
3 (a) Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan pemanasan global?
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(b) Huraikan dua faktor yang menyebabkan pemanasan global.
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(c) Nyatakan tiga kesan yang timbul akibat fenomena pemanasan global.
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4 (a) Nyatakan tiga bahan pencemar yang menyebabkan pencemaran udara.
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(b) Huraikan tiga kesan pencemaran udara terhadap kualiti kehidupan manusia.
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[6]
(c) Jelaskan dua langkah yang boleh dijalankan untuk mengurangkan masalah pencemaran udara di
Malaysia.
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[4]

Jabatan Geografi SMKPurun.

2

Modul Cemerlang Geografi (Penggal 3) – SET 2 2013
BAHAGIAN B: TOPIKAL 2
SOALAN STRUKTUR
1 (a) Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan pembangunan lestari?
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(b) Nyatakan dua prinsip pembangunan lestari.
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(c) Namakan lima kerjasama antarabangsa dalam konteks pembangunan lestari.
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2 (a) Huraikan langkah-langkah perundangan yang boleh diambil bagi memelihara dan memulihara alam
sekitar.
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(b) Huraikan langkah-langkah bukan perundangan yang boleh diambil bagi memelihara dan
memulihara alam sekitar.
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[5]

Jabatan Geografi SMKPurun.

3

Modul Cemerlang Geografi (Penggal 3) – SET 2 2013
3 (a) Berdasarkan konsep pembangunan berterusan (lestari), nyatakan tiga langkah utama yang dimabil
bagi memelihara dan memulihara alam sekitar.
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(b) Berdasarkan satu langkah yang telah anda pilih dalam soalan 3(a) di atas, huraikan tiga kaedah yang
dijalankan bagi mengatasi masalah pecemaran udara di sessuatu kawasan.
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(c) Namakan sebuah persidangan atau deklarasi yang diadakan khusus untuk memberi tumpuan kepada
pembangunan berterusan (lestari).
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[1]
4 (a) Nyatakan tiga matlamat persidangan atau deklarasi yang anda nyatakan dalam 3(c) di atas.
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(b) Jelaskan dua masalah yang sering dihadapi untuk menjayakan matlamat sesebuah persidangan atau
deklarasi dalam konteks penjagaan alam sekitar.
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(c) Nyatakan tiga bencana alam bersifat merentasi sempadan yang sering mengancam negara-negara
ASEAN
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[3]

Jabatan Geografi SMKPurun.

4

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