# POLYTECHNIC OF NAMIBIA

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SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
Email azulu@polytechnic.edu.na Tel: +264 (61) 207 2514 Fax: +264 (61) 207 2142

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Engineering Mechanics 114 - Statics (AMC 110S)

Examination #3
Date: 6
th
June 2013
Duration: 2 hours

Total marks: 60

Examiner: Mr. A. M. Zulu

Moderator: Dr. V. S. Kamara

IMPORTANT NOTICES:

- Write neatly and legibly, as illegible work will not be considered for marks. If
you are of the opinion that insufficient information was provided to solve a specific
problem, make realistic assumptions, motivate these and continue solving the

- Use F.B.D’s and illustrative diagrams wherever possible.

- Clearly show the reference Cartesian axes system used for each question.

- Pay attention to units and show the relevant unit in each calculated answer.

- No marks will be awarded for answers only. Calculations must contain a
minimum number of logically sequenced steps followed by an answer.

- Do not write you name anywhere on the answer sheet, just student number is
sufficient

- Use gravitational acceleration g = 9.81 m/s
2
.

- 2 -
Question 1
By direct integration, show that the positions of the centroids of the half cone of Figure
Q1 are given by:
3
;
4
r h
x z
t
= = (Note: by inspection, 0 y = ;
2
6
r h
V
t
= ) [15].

Figure Q1.

Question 2
Figure Q2 is a composite area consisting of a triangular area, an elliptical area and a
sub-parabolic area bounded by the coordinates shown.
(a) Determine the location of the centroid ( ) , x y of the composite area
(b) Determine the volume of revolution if the composite area is rotated 180° about the y-
axis, using Pappus Theorem [15].

Figure Q2.

Question 3
By direct integration, determine the moments of inertia for the area shown in Figure Q3
with respect to the x and y axes (I
x
, I
y
) (Hint: The vertical element is recommended hear
because of the trigonometric function) [15].

Figure Q3.

- 3 -
Question 4
For the area of Figure Q4, determine, using the method of composite areas the
moments of inertia in the x- and y-axes (I
x
, I
y
) [15].

Figure Q4.

Useful formulae / Properties of plane figures & homogeneous solids:
}
}
}
}
}
}
}
}
= = = =
dm
dm x
dV
dV x
dA
dA x
dL
dL x
x
c c c c
;
¿
¿
¿
¿
¿
¿
¿
¿
= = = =
m
m x
V
V x
A
A x
L
L x
x
c c c c

Semi-circular area:
4 4
4
4 8
; ; ;
3 8 8 9 4
x y x z
r r r
y I I I r I
t t t
t t
| |
= = = = ÷ =
|
\ .
; Quarter-circular
area:
4 4
4
4 4
; ; ;
3 16 16 9 8
x y x z
r r r
y I I I r I
t t t
t t
| |
= = = = ÷ =
|
\ .
; Quarter/semi-circular arc:
2
;
r
y
t
= ;
t
r
y
2
= ; Rectangle:
12
) (
;
12
;
3
2 2 3 3
h b bh
I
bh
I
bh
I
z x x
+
= = = ; Triangle: ; ;
3 3
a b h
x y
+
= =
1
3 3 3
; ;
12 36 4
x x x
bh bh bh
I I I = = = ; Sub-parabolic area:
3 3
3 3
; ; ; ;
4 10 21 5
x y
a b ab a b
x y I I = = = =
2 2
;
5 21 3
z
a b ab
I ab A
| |
= + =
|
\ .
3 3
4 4
; ; ; ;
3 3 16 16
x y
a b ab a b
x y I I
t t
t t
= = = =
( )
2 2 3 3
4 4
; ; ;
16 16 9 16 9 4
z x y
ab ab
I a b I ab I a b A
t t t t
t t
| | | |
= + = ÷ = ÷ =
| |
\ . \ .
; Parallel-axis theorem:
2
Ad I I + = ; Pappus Theorem: A x V A y V
y x
u u = = ; . Relevant Inte-
grals:
( )
3 2
1
sin cos 2 sin
3
xdx x x = +
}
;
( )
2 2
sin 2 sin 2 cos x xdx x x x x = ÷ ÷
}
. – End -.