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Tel: +264 (61) 207 9111 Fax: +264 (61) 207 2444
SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
Email azulu@polytechnic.edu.na Tel: +264 (61) 207 2514 Fax: +264 (61) 207 2142
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Engineering Mechanics 114  Statics (AMC 110S)
Examination #3
Date: 6
th
June 2013
Duration: 2 hours
Total marks: 60
Examiner: Mr. A. M. Zulu
Moderator: Dr. V. S. Kamara
IMPORTANT NOTICES:
 Write neatly and legibly, as illegible work will not be considered for marks. If
you are of the opinion that insufficient information was provided to solve a specific
problem, make realistic assumptions, motivate these and continue solving the
problem based on your assumptions made.
 Use F.B.D’s and illustrative diagrams wherever possible.
 Clearly show the reference Cartesian axes system used for each question.
 Pay attention to units and show the relevant unit in each calculated answer.
 No marks will be awarded for answers only. Calculations must contain a
minimum number of logically sequenced steps followed by an answer.
 Do not write you name anywhere on the answer sheet, just student number is
sufficient
 Use gravitational acceleration g = 9.81 m/s
2
.
 Answer all questions.
 2 
Question 1
By direct integration, show that the positions of the centroids of the half cone of Figure
Q1 are given by:
3
;
4
r h
x z
t
= = (Note: by inspection, 0 y = ;
2
6
r h
V
t
= ) [15].
Figure Q1.
Question 2
Figure Q2 is a composite area consisting of a triangular area, an elliptical area and a
subparabolic area bounded by the coordinates shown.
(a) Determine the location of the centroid ( ) , x y of the composite area
(b) Determine the volume of revolution if the composite area is rotated 180° about the y
axis, using Pappus Theorem [15].
Figure Q2.
Question 3
By direct integration, determine the moments of inertia for the area shown in Figure Q3
with respect to the x and y axes (I
x
, I
y
) (Hint: The vertical element is recommended hear
because of the trigonometric function) [15].
Figure Q3.
 3 
Question 4
For the area of Figure Q4, determine, using the method of composite areas the
moments of inertia in the x and yaxes (I
x
, I
y
) [15].
Figure Q4.
Useful formulae / Properties of plane figures & homogeneous solids:
}
}
}
}
}
}
}
}
= = = =
dm
dm x
dV
dV x
dA
dA x
dL
dL x
x
c c c c
;
¿
¿
¿
¿
¿
¿
¿
¿
= = = =
m
m x
V
V x
A
A x
L
L x
x
c c c c
Semicircular area:
4 4
4
4 8
; ; ;
3 8 8 9 4
x y x z
r r r
y I I I r I
t t t
t t
 
= = = = ÷ =

\ .
; Quartercircular
area:
4 4
4
4 4
; ; ;
3 16 16 9 8
x y x z
r r r
y I I I r I
t t t
t t
 
= = = = ÷ =

\ .
; Quarter/semicircular arc:
2
;
r
y
t
= ;
t
r
y
2
= ; Rectangle:
12
) (
;
12
;
3
2 2 3 3
h b bh
I
bh
I
bh
I
z x x
+
= = = ; Triangle: ; ;
3 3
a b h
x y
+
= =
1
3 3 3
; ;
12 36 4
x x x
bh bh bh
I I I = = = ; Subparabolic area:
3 3
3 3
; ; ; ;
4 10 21 5
x y
a b ab a b
x y I I = = = =
2 2
;
5 21 3
z
a b ab
I ab A
 
= + =

\ .
; Elliptical quadrant area:
3 3
4 4
; ; ; ;
3 3 16 16
x y
a b ab a b
x y I I
t t
t t
= = = =
( )
2 2 3 3
4 4
; ; ;
16 16 9 16 9 4
z x y
ab ab
I a b I ab I a b A
t t t t
t t
   
= + = ÷ = ÷ =
 
\ . \ .
; Parallelaxis theorem:
2
Ad I I + = ; Pappus Theorem: A x V A y V
y x
u u = = ; . Relevant Inte
grals:
( )
3 2
1
sin cos 2 sin
3
xdx x x = +
}
;
( )
2 2
sin 2 sin 2 cos x xdx x x x x = ÷ ÷
}
. – End .
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