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HCW 06-E

HALFEN CURTAIN WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS


FAADE
2
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
HALFEN- DEHA - Wor l dwi de l eader i n Cur t ai n wal l connect i ons
Mercedes Benz Centre, Munich
Shor t pr oj ect l i st
Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur Little Britain, London
Jin-Mao, Shanghai
Central Plaza,
Hong Kong
Post-Tower, Bonn
Messeturm,
Frankfurt
Peoplebuilding Hemel, UK
Cont ent s Page
HALFEN cast-in channels:
System advantages and installation methods 3
Installation examples 6
Typical details of Curtain wall connections 8
Advantages of the HALFEN Channel system 10
Selection of HALFEN Cast-in channels
Product range 12
Calculation examples 14
Load data of HALFEN channels
HTA Hot rolled plain channels 16
HTA Cold formed plain channels 18
HZA DYNAGRIP Hot rolled toothed channels 20
HTA-R / HZA-R Channels for thin slabs 22
HCW 52/34 Channels for thin slabs 24
HTU Channels for self-drilling screws 26
HAFEN Curtain wall brackets
HCW-ED / -EW Connections to edge of slab 27
HCW-B1 / -B2 Connections to top of slab 30
DETAN tension rod system for bracing and support 32
Contact information 35

Modern structures often demand high performance faades


that can be reliably installed in a minimum time period to
meet compressed construction schedules.
Today, curtain wall faades are one of the faade systems
increasingly selected by designers and clients. The Curtain
wall can comprise of glass, metal or stone elements sup-
ported by a steel or aluminium frame. The frame is either
factory- assembled with the faade elements to form a panel,
or is put together at the construction site.
To maximise the e ciency and reliability of installation,
HALFEN channels and T-bolts are often selected as the pre-
ferred connection method between the faade and the buil-
ding structure.
HALFEN Cur t ai n wal l syst em
Sage Music Centre, Gateshead, UK
3
The main features of the HALFEN channel system are as
follows:
Easy and fast installation
Easy and fast adjustment
Optimum reliability
No power tools No vibration, dust or excessive noise.
Wide choice of channel proles
Wide choice of T-bolts
High quality materials and nishes
Independently tested and approved load data
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
The HALFEN Cast - i n channel syst em
Faade f i xi ng wi t h HALFEN Cast - i n channel s
Mai n f eat ur es
The HALFEN channel system comprises channels that are cast into the concrete
frame of the structure, to which faade brackets can be connected by using special
T-shaped bolts. The system provides an ideal method for the connection of
faade systems.
4
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
I nst al l at i on met hods f or HALFEN Cast - i n channel s
Typi cal i nst al l at i on
HALFEN channels can be installed using several methods to suit the type of structure and concrete formwork. A typical installa-
tion sequence is shown below.
When the HALFEN channel is installed to the top of the oor slab, it is not possible to nail the HALFEN channel to the form-
work as shown in the rst installation photograph above. Other methods are used which are illustrated below.
Nail channel to formwork. When concrete is set, remove the formwork, then remove the ller material from the channel.
Insert T-bolt into channel and rotate ninety
degrees.
Attach component adjust and tighten nut. Combined with slotted brackets the HALFEN channel
allows 2 or 3-way adjustment for curtain wall components.
HALFEN channels supported in the top of the slab during the concrete
pour on timber battens nailed to the edge formwork.
HALFEN channels supported in the top of the slab from the reinforce-
ment by HALFEN ChanClip (patent pending).
Nail through nail
holes in HTA channel
Wooden batten nailed
or screwed to edge
formwork
HALFEN HTA channel
nailed or wired to
wooden batten
Edge formwork
HALFEN cast-in
channel Type HTA
HALFEN cast-in
channel Type HTA
HALFEN cast-in
channel Type HTA
HALFEN
ChanClip
HALFEN
ChanClip
HALFEN
ChanClip
5
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
I nst al l at i on met hods f or HALFEN Cast - i n channel s
Faades often require multiple connections or connections close to corners and concrete edges. HALFEN provides product design
assistance to ensure that loads are e ciently transferred into the structure and that channels can be accurately placed.
Cor ner and edge i nst al l at i on
Welded Corner Assembly
Factory fabricated assembly
allows bolt xings close to
corner edge. Additional spacer
straps may be added to ensure
correct channel height.
Fabricated Channel Pair
Factory manufactured to
provide accurate channel
spacing.
Fabricated Ski Assembly
Factory fabricated assembly
assures channel positioning on
top of metal deck ribs & from
slab edge.
Special Anchor Fabrications
to allow positioning and xing
of channel to troughs in metal
deck.
Edge connections to thin oor slabs using permanent metal formwork can be achieved using HALFEN Pourstop which uses
HALFEN HTA or HTA-R channels factory installed to permanent metal formwork.
HALFEN Pourstop is installed in short or long
lengths to the edge of the oor slab.
Typical pourstop assembly, designed to suit
slab dimensions and load requirements.
Special corner assembly designed for high
loads.
Nail channel securely to formwork
6
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
Curtain wall connections to the top of oor slab using HALFEN HTA channel.
Curtain wall connection to the top of oor slab using toothed HALFEN channel type HZA. Teeth on the channel prevent slippage under windload.
One or two channels can be used per bracket.
Curtain wall connections to the top of oor slab using HALFEN HTA channel. Two channels used for high loads.
I nst al l at i on exampl es
7
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
Curtain wall connection to the edge of a post tensioned slab and thin slab using HALFEN channels.
Sunscreen connection to top of an upstand beam and the edge of deep slab beam using HALFEN channels.
Window connections to precast panels.
I nst al l at i on exampl es
8
Typi cal Cur t ai n wal l and associ at ed connect i ons
Typical anchorage detail to top of slab.
Appl i cat i on exampl es
Typical anchorage detail to metal deck oor slab.
Base connection for curtain wall or shop front. Sliding head connection for curtain wall.
Faade connections vary according to their purpose and the type of structure. Four typical examples are shown below. Please
contact us for specic assistance.
Mullion
Curtain wall bracket
HALFEN cast-in
channel and
T-head bolt
HALFEN T-head bolts
Two way adjustment for locating
connection to structure.
Two T-head bolts may be required to
prevent rotation of mullion.
Finished oor level
Slotted and serrated
bracket
HALFEN cast-in
channel. Length and
size of channel to suit
load requirements.
Incl. HALFEN T-head
bolt and nut.
Concrete slab/beam/
metal deck
Two way adjustment for locating
connection to structure.
Vertical movement provided for
dierential expansion of faade and
deection of structure.
Steel beam
HALFEN channel
welded or bolted to
beam in pairs. Length
and size of channel to
suit load require-
ments.
Incl. HALFEN T-head
bolt and nut.
Slotted and serrated
bracket
Minimal edge
distance
Metal decking
HALFEN cast-in
channel
HTA or HTA-R
Edge trim or
HALFEN PourStop
HALFEN cast-in
channel
HTA or HTA-R
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
9
Typi cal Cur t ai n wal l and associ at ed connect i ons
The following four examples show typical connections for components often associated with curtain wall facades. Please contact
us for specic assistance.
Appl i cat i on exampl es
Typical handrail stanchion anchoring detail. Typical anchorage detail for individual or strip window.
Connection of steel beam to concrete using HALFEN channel HZA and
beam clamps.
Typical sunscreen / glazing detail using HALFEN channels and DETAN
tension rod system ( p. 32).
M
i
n
.

e
d
g
e

d
i
s
t
.
M
i
n
.

e
d
g
e

d
i
s
t
.
HALFEN channel
Handrail stanchion
Glass inll panel
Opaque faade panel
to hide connections
HALFEN T-head bolt
and nut
Floor slab or
staircase tread
Shim to line
Head detail
HALFEN T-head bolt
and nut
Window frame
Cill detail
HALFEN cast-in
channel in
pre-cast panel
or insitu concrete
Head bracket
HALFEN cast-in
channel in
pre-cast panel
or insitu concrete
HALFEN T-head bolt
and nut
Rail for window
cleaning machine
HALFEN toothed
channel type HZA
Section through
sunscreen / glazing detail
DETAN tension rod xed to
screen support and HALFEN
cast-in channel
HALFEN toothed
channels type HZA
with optional
welded spacers
Elevation of lower
sunscreen xing detail
Curtain walling
bolted to structure
using HALFEN cast-in
channels
Sunscreen bracket
and xing slotted
to receive four
HALFEN T-head bolts
e
l
e
v
a
t
i
o
n
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
10
The only tool required.
Advant ages of t he HALFEN Channel syst em
HALFEN Channel
Only simple tools needed for installation.
Easy and fast to install without special training.
Components protected from corrosion by quality galvani-
sing and plating.
Can be installed without power supply.
Easily adjustable connections.
Fully tested components with veried load capacities.
Installation is easy to visually check
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
11
Welding is slow, is a re risk, and needs to be closely checked for
quality.
Welding requires di cult repositioning of heavy equipment and a
costly energy supply.
Advant ages of t he HALFEN Channel syst em compar ed t o dr i l l ed and wel ded connect i ons
Vibration also can cause permanent health damage.
Dr i l l ed bol t s
Power tools produce vibration, noise, and dust opera-
tor safety hazards and reduced available installation time.
Drilling and expansion forces from installed bolts risk
damaging concrete and reinforcement higher risk and
potentially high repair costs.
Quality of installation is di cult to check on site (depth
of hole, diameter of hole, torque critical) higher risk
Drilling needs a lot of time and bolt installation should be
tested to verify quality slower installation
Heavy electrical equipment, trailing wires and electricity
safety hazards.
New holes have to be drilled if adjustment is needed after
the initial installation slower installation.
Wel di ng
Risk of sparks starting res and damaging glass &
aluminium faade high risk and high cost.
Quality welding di cult to achieve and check on site
high risk.
Welding needs a lot of time and should be tested to verify
quality slow installation and high risk.
Heavy electrical equipment, trailing wires and electricity
safety hazards.
Welds must be broken and re-welded if adjustment nee-
ded after initial installation slow installation.
Embedded plates are designed per project and need tes-
ting to verify performance.
Painting required after welding to provide any corrosion
protection poor corrosion protection, more time,
another operation to check, dripping paint damages faa-
de and creates health hazard.
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
12
52
3
4
6
1
22

1
2
5
HCW 52/34
HS 50/30, M16, M20
grade 8.8
Load condi t i ons and r equi r ed HALFEN Channel s
Sel ect i ng t he best HALFEN Cast - i n channel f or each l oad condi t i on
Thin slab conditions with high shear
loads and close edge distances
HALFEN high load channel
Thin slab conditions with high tension
loads
HALFEN channels with rebar anchors
Normal slab conditions
HALFEN channels with bolt anchors
Toothed channels and bolts
High load channel and bolts
Toothed channels with rebar anchors
and bolts
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
13
1
1
9
54
3
3
22
6
0
49
3
0
22
5
1
40
2
5 18
6
8
1
7
38
18
HS 38/17
M12, M16
HS 50/30
M12, M16, M20
HS 40/22
M12, M16
HTA 54/33 HTA 49/30 HTA 40/25 HTA 38/17
2
2
40
18
1
5
0
3
0
50
22
2
2
0
52
3
4
3
3
0
22
HTA-R 50/30 HTA.-R 40/22
HS 50/30
M12, M16, M20
HTA-R 52/34
HS 40/22
M12, M16
1
7
38
18
1
5
0
40
2
5 18
1
5
0
49
3
0
22
2
2
0
54
3
3
22
3
3
0
HS 38/17
M12, M16
HS 50/30
M12, M16, M20
HS 40/22
M12, M16
HTA-R 54/33 HTA-R 49/30 HTA-R 40/25 HTA-R 38/17
Load condi t i ons and r equi r ed HALFEN Channel s
Sel ect i ng t he best HALFEN Cast - i n channel f or each l oad condi t i on
Plain hot rolled channels and bolts Plain cold formed channels and bolts
Plain hot rolled channels with rebar anchors and bolts Plain cold formed channels with rebar anchors and bolts
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
14
v OK
v OK
v OK
>
>
>
>
>
>
v OK
v OK
v OK
v OK
Cal cul at i on exampl e - how t o sel ect t he r i ght channel
Exampl e 1
SELECTED BOLTS:
2 pieces HS 50/30 M1260 gv 8.8 ( p. 17)
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
Given:
Working loads on the curtain wall bracket:
- working deadload (gravity) F
g
= 6.00 kN
- working windload F
w
= 12.00 kN
The calculation example uses load and resistance factor design,
applying partial safety factors
F
on the load side (action).
for deadloads:
F
= 1.35 (acc. to German standard DIN 1045-1 C)
for windloads:
F
= 1.50 (acc. to German standard DIN 1045-1 C)

- design deadload F
gd
=
F
F
g
= 1.35 6.0 kN = 8.1 kN
- design windload F
wd
=
F
F
w
= 1.5 12.0 kN = 18.00 kN
Design forces, acting on the channel:
N
Ed
B
Vd
= (F
gd
70 + F
wd
30) / 130
= (8,1 70 + 18.0 30) / 130 = 8.51 kN
V
yEd
B
Hd
= F
wd
=

18.0 kN
= arctan (8.51 / 18.0) = 25.3 > 15
N*
Ed
=
= = 19.91 kN
2 9.96 kN
SELECTED CHANNEL:
HTA 50/30 - 350 - 3 anchors with 2 bolts at 150 mm centres ( p. 16)
required a
r
= 150 mm ( p. 17)
acc. to expert report
N
Ed
= 8.51 kN
= 2 4.26 kN
Resultant N*
Ed
V
yEd
= 18.0 kN
= 2 9.0 kN
C Partial safety factors
F
may vary according to local design standards.
V
yEd
= 9.0
N
Ed
= 4.26
F
SEd
= 9.96
V
yRd
= 27.2
N
Rd
= 27.2
F
SRd
= 27.2
V
yRd
= 2 9.8
N
Rd
= 2 14.0
N*
Rd
= 2 14.0
V
yEd
= 2 9.0
N
Ed
= 2 4.26
N*
Ed
= 2 9.96
15
c
=
1
3
0
v OK
v OK
v OK
>
>
>
v OK
v OK
v OK
v OK
>
>
>
>
Cal cul at i on exampl e - how t o sel ect t he r i ght channel
Exampl e 2
Given:
Working loads on the curtain wall bracket
- working deadload (gravity) F
g
= 2.00 kN
- working windload F
w
= 10.00 kN
The calculation example uses load and resistance factor design,
applying partial safety factors
F
on the load side (action).
for deadloads:
F
= 1.35 (acc. to German standard DIN 1045-1 C)
for windloads:
F
= 1.50 (acc. to German standard DIN 1045-1 C)

- design deadload F
gd
=
F
F
g
= 1.35 2.0 kN = 2.7 kN
- design windload F
wd
=
F
F
w
= 1.5 10.0 kN = 15.0 kN
Design forces, acting on the channel:
N
Ed
Z
d
= F
wd
+ F
gd
(100 / 35)
= 15.0 + 2.7 (100 / 35) = 22.7 kN
V
yEd
Q
d
= F
gd
= 2.7 kN
N*
Ed
=
= kN
2 11.43 kN
SELECTED CHANNEL:
HZA-R 38/23 - 300 - 3 anchors with 2 bolts at 130mm centre ( p. 22)
actual a
r
= 60 mm ( p. 22)
SELECTED BOLTS:
2 pieces HS 38/23 M1260 gv 8.8 ( p. 23)
C Partial safety factors
F
may vary according to local design standards.
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
actual c = 130 required c 125 ( p. 22)
V
yRd
= 2 3.7
N
Rd
= 2 14.0
N*
Rd
= 2 14.0
V
yEd
= 2 1.35
N
Ed
= 2 11.35
N*
Ed
= 2 11.43
V
yEd
= 1.35
N
Ed
= 11.35
F
SEd
= 11.35
V
yRd
= 27.2
N
Rd
= 27.2
F
SRd
= 27.2
16
HALFEN Channel type HTA 40/22 HTA 50/30 HTA 52/34 HTA 55/42
250 mm
2 anchors
350 mm
3 anchors
350 mm
3 anchors
350 mm
3 anchors
350 mm
3 anchors
Concrete compression strength
C20/25
f
CK, cyl.
= 20 N/mm
f
CK, cube
= 25 N/mm
N
Rd
[kN] 2 8.4 2 11.2 2 14.0 2 30.8 2 37.8
V
yRd
[kN] 2 8.4 2 8.4 2 9.8 2 15.4 2 18.9
V
xRd
[kN] 2 7.0 2 7.0 2 10.5 2 10.5 2 10.5
N*
Rd
[kN] 2 8.4 2 11.2 2 14.0 2 30.8 2 37.8
V*
Rd
[kN] 2 8.4 2 8.4 2 9.8 2 15.4 2 18.9
N
Rd
[kN] 2 2.0 2 2.0 2 2.4 2 7.0 2 8.0
Material:
hot-dip galvanised
channel: W1.0038
anchor: W1.0205
channel: W1.0038
anchor: W1.0205
channel: W1.0038
anchor: W1.5523
or W1.5535
channel: W1.0044
anchor: W1.0038
Material:
stainless steel
channel: W1.4571
anchor: W1.4571, W1.4401 or W1.4404
not available
Notes: Other channel sizes are available 150 - 6070 mm long. Please refer to catalogue B-E. using HSR M16 T-head bolts using HSR M20 T-head
bolts using welded I-anchors type Q using h.d. galvanised material load side N
Ed
calculated with partial safety factor 1.0 only
F F
c 100
250
5
2
2
2
40
8
6
0
3
0
50
10
3
4
1
1
9
52
11
c 150
350
F F
c 150
350
F F
c 150
350
F F
c 150
350
F F
C
Hot r ol l ed pl ai n channel s HTA
Fact or ed desi gn l oad condi t i ons
HALFEN Cast - i n channel s HTA - mat er i al desi gn r esi st ance val ues
Structural analysis
1 Shear Material Resistance V
yRd
V
yEd
1 Tension Material Resistance N
Rd
N
Ed
2 Longitudinal Shear Material Resistance V
xRd
V
xEd
3 Resultant Shear Material Resistance V*
Rd
res. V
Ed

V*
Rd
V*
Ed
( 15 C)
4 Resultant Tension Material Resistance N*
Rd
N*
Ed
( 15 150 C)
5 Dynamic Material Resistance N
Rd
N
Ed
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
F
Rd
Material resistance
F
Ed
Factored design load
17
HALFEN Channel type HTA 40/22 HTA 50/30, HTA 52/34, HTA 55/42
HALFEN T-head bolt type HS 40/22 HSR 40/22 HS 50/30 HSR 50/30
Material grade
Steel 4.6
Stainless A4-50
Steel 8.8 Steel 8.8
Steel 4.6
Stainless A4-50
Steel 8.8 Steel 8.8
Bolt diameter and length
(other bolt sizes
catalogue B-E)
M12
40
50
60 (
80
M16
40
50
60
80
M12
45
60
80
M16
60
80
M16
40
60
M12
40
50
60 (
80 (
M16
40
50
60
80
M20
55
65 (
75
100
M12
45
60
80
M16
60
80
100
M20
60
80
100
M16
40
60
M20
45
60
75
N
Rd
= V
yRd
=
F
SRd
[kN]
13.0 24.2 27.2 50.5 50.5 13.0 24.2 37.8 27.2 50.5 79.0 50.5 79.0
V
xRd
[kN] 7.0 7.0 10.5
N
Rd
[kN] 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.4 7.0 2.4 7.0 2.4 7.0
Req. tightening
torque [Nm]
25 60 70 200 200 25 60 120 70 200 400 200 400
Design
bending
moment
M
Rd
[Nm]
Steel 24.5 62.2 61.2 155.4 155.4 24.5 62.2 121.1 61.2 155.4 303.0 155.4 303.0
A4-50 21.4 54.3 21.4 54.3 106.0
Finish Steel
HALFEN special finish, approved
as an equivalent to h.d. galvanising
for interior faade connections
Zinc plated
HALFEN special finish, approved
as an equivalent to h.d. galvanising
for interior faade connections
Zinc plated
Notes: Channel load capacity must not be exceeded! grade 4.6 only load side calculated with partial safety factor 1.0 only ( available in stainless steel
material only to special order.
Minimum spacings and edge distances [mm], for all concrete grades C20/25 C
HALFEN Channel type a
r
a
a
a
e
a
f
d
HTA 40/22 100 200 80 (70) 200 80 + nom.c
HTA 50/30 150 300 130 (100) 250 90 + nom.c
HTA 52/34 200 400 175 350 160 + nom.c
HTA 55/42 250 500 225 450 185 + nom.c
Notes: C The minimum dimensions given in the table apply to reinforced concrete. For unreinforced concrete increase dimensions by 30%.
Dimensions in brackets apply when actual a
r
2 allowable a
r
Derived from channel plus anchor plus the required concrete cover (e.g. to DIN 1045).
Hot r ol l ed pl ai n channel s HTA and T- head bol t s
HALFEN T- head bol t s HS, HSR - mat er i al desi gn r esi st ance per bol t
Structural analysis
Shear Material Resistance V
yRd
V
yEd
Tension Material Resistance N
Rd
N
Ed
Longitudinal Shear Material Resistance V
xRd
V
xEd
Resultant Material Resistance F
SRd
F
SEd
=
Dynamic Material Resistance N
Rd
N
Ed
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
F
Rd
Material resistance
F
Ed
Factored design load
18
HALFEN Channel type HTA 38/17 HTA 40/25 HTA 49/30 HTA 54/33
250 mm
2 anchors
350 mm
3 anchors
250 mm
2 anchors
350 mm
3 anchors
350 mm
3 anchors
350 mm
3 anchors
Concrete compression strength
C20/25
f
CK, cyl.
= 20 N/mm
f
CK, cube
= 25 N/mm
N
Rd
[kN] 2 6.3 2 9.8 2 8.4 2 11.2 2 14.0 2 30.8
V
yRd
[kN] 2 6.3 2 6.3 2 8.4 2 8.4 2 9.8 2 15.4
V
xRd
[kN]
N*
Rd
[kN] 2 6.3 2 9.8 2 8.4 2 11.2 2 14.0 2 30.8
V*
Rd
[kN] 2 6.3 2 6.3 2 8.4 2 8.4 2 9.8 2 15.4
N
Rd
[kN
Material:
hot-dip galvanised
channel: W1.0037
anchor: W1.0205
channel: W1.0037
anchor: W1.0205
channel: W1.0037
anchor: W1.0205
channel: W1.0976
anchor: W1.5523
or W1.5535
Material:
stainless steel
channel: W1.4571
anchor: W1.4571, W1.4401 or W1.4404
channel: W1.4571
anchor: W1.4401
Notes: Other channel sizes are available 150 - 6070 mm long. Please refer to catalogue B-E.
F F
c 100
250
c 150
350
F F
c 150
350
F F
c 150
350
F F
5
1
1
7
8
38
5
1
40
2
5
8
6
0
49
3
0
10
1
1
9
54
3
3
11
c 150
350
F F F F
c 100
250
C
Fact or ed desi gn l oad condi t i ons
HALFEN Cast - i n channel s HTA - mat er i al desi gn r esi st ance val ues
Col d f or med pl ai n channel s HTA
Structural analysis
1 Shear Material Resistance V
yRd
V
yEd
1 Tension Material Resistance N
Rd
N
Ed
3 Resultant Shear Material Resistance V*
Rd
V*
Ed
( 15 C) =
4 Resultant Tension Material Resistance N*
Rd
N*
Ed
( 15 150 C) =
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
F
Rd
Material resistance
F
Ed
Factored design load
19
HALFEN Channel type HTA 38/17 HTA 40/25 HTA 49/30, HTA 54/33
HALFEN T-head bolt type HS 38/17 HS 40/22 HS 50/30
Material grade
Steel 4.6
Stainless A4-50
Steel 4.6
Stainless A4-50
Steel 8.8
Steel 4.6
Stainless A4-50
Steel 8.8
Bolt diameter and length
(other bolt sizes
catalogue B-E)
M12
40
50
60
80
M16
40
50
60
80
M12
40
50
60
80
M16
40
50
60
80
M12
45
60
80
M16
60
80
M12
40
50
60
80
M16
40
50
60
80
M20
55
65
75
100
M12
45
60
80
M16
60
80
100
M20
60
80
100
N
Rd
= V
yRd
=
F
SRd
[kN]
13.0 24.2 13.0 24.2 27.2 50.5 13.0 24.2 37.8 27.2 50.5 79.0
V
xRd
[kN]
N
Rd
[kN]
Req. tightening
torque [Nm]
25 60 25 60 70 200 25 60 120 70 200 400
Design
bending
moment M
Rd

[Nm]
Steel 24.5 62.2 24.5 62.2 61.2 155.4 24.5 62.2 121.1 61.2 155.4 303.0
A4-50,
A4-70
45.9 54.3 21.4 54.3 21.4 54.3 106.0
Finish Steel HALFEN special finish is approved as an equivalent to h.d. galvanising for interior faade connections
Notes: Channel load capacity must not be exceeded! stainless steel A4-70 material available in stainless steel material only to special order.
Minimum spacings and edge distances [mm], for all concrete grades C20/25 C
HALFEN Channel type a
r
a
a
a
e
a
f
d
HTA 38/17 75 150 50 100 70 + nom.c
HTA 40/25 100 200 80 (70) 200 80 + nom.c
HTA 49/30 150 300 130 (100) 250 90 + nom.c
HTA 54/33 200 400 175 350 160 + nom.c
Notes: C The minimum dimensions given in the table apply to reinforced concrete. For unreinforced concrete increase dimensions by 30%.
Dimensions in brackets apply when actual a
r
2 allowable a
r
Derived from channel plus anchor plus the required concrete cover (e.g. to DIN 1045).
Col d f or med pl ai n channel s HTA and T- head bol t s
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
HALFEN T- head bol t s HS - mat er i al desi gn r esi st ance per bol t
Structural analysis
Shear Material Resistance V
yRd
V
yEd
Tension Material Resistance N
Rd
N
Ed
Resultant Material Resistance F
SRd
F
SEd
=
F
Rd
Material resistance
F
Ed
Factored design load
20
HALFEN Channel type HZA 29/20 HZA 38/23
250 mm
2 anchors
350 mm
3 anchors
350 mm
3 anchors
Concrete compression strength
C20/25
f
CK, cyl.
= 20 N/mm
f
CK, cube
= 25 N/mm
N
Rd
[kN] 2 8.4 2 11.2 2 14.0
V
yRd
[kN] 2 8.4 2 8.4 2 9.8
V
xRd
[kN] 2 7.6 2 9.0 2 12.0
N*
Rd
[kN] 2 8.4 2 11.2 2 14.0
V*
Rd
[kN] 2 8.4 2 8.4 2 9.8
N
Rd
[kN] 2 2.0 2 2.0 2 3.0 (2 2.4 )
Material:
hot-dip galvanised
channel: W1.0044
anchor: W1.0205
channel: W1.0044
anchor: W1.0205
Material:
stainless steel
not available
channel: W1.4571
anchor: W1.4571 or W1.4401
Notes: Other channel sizes are available 150 - 6070 mm long. Please refer to catalogue B-E. load side N
Ed
calculated with partial safety factor 1.0 only
values for stainless steel
F F
c 100
250
c 150
350
F F
c 150
350
F F
29
2
0
6
0
38
2
3
7
3
C
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS

Fact or ed desi gn l oad condi t i ons
HALFEN Cast - i n channel s HZA DYNAGRI P - mat er i al desi gn r esi st ance val ues
Hot r ol l ed t oot hed channel s HZA DYNAGRI P
C
Structural analysis
1 Shear Material Resistance V
yRd
V
yEd
1 Tension Material Resistance N
R,d
N
Ed
2 Longitudinal Shear Material Resistance V
xRd
V
xEd
3 Resultant Shear Material Resistance V*
Rd
res. V
Ed

V*
Rd
V*
Ed
( 15 C)
4 Resultant Tension Material Resistance N*
Rd
N*
Ed
( 15 150 C)
5 Dynamic Material Resistance N
Rd
N
Ed
F
Rd
Material resistance
F
Ed
Factored design load
21
HALFEN Channel type HZA 29/20 HZA 38/23
HALFEN T-head bolt type HZS 29/20 HZS 38/23
Material grade Steel 8.8 Stainless A4-70 Steel 8.8
Bolt diameter and length
(other bolt sizes
catalogue B-E)
M12
40
50
60
80
100
M16
60
80
M12
40
50
60
80
100
M16
40
50
60
80
100
N
Rd
= V
yRd
=
F
SRd
[kN]
27.2 33.0 27.2 50.5
V
xRd
[kN] 11.2 16.8 16.8 16.8
N
Rd
[kN] 2.0 2.4 2.0 3.0
Req. tightening
torque [Nm]
80 120 80 120
Design
bending
moment
M
Rd
[Nm]
Steel 61.2 61.2 155.4
A4-70 116.6
Finish Steel HALFEN special finish is approved as an equivalent to h.d. galvanising for interior faade connections
Notes: Channel load capacity must not be exceeded! load side N
Ed
calculated with partial safety factor 1.0 only
Minimum spacings and edge distances [mm], for all concrete grades C20/25 C
HALFEN Channel type a
r
a
a
a
e
a
f
d
HZA 29/20 100 200 80 200 80 + nom.c
HZA 38/23 150 300 130 250 96 + nom.c
Notes: C The minimum dimensions given in the table apply to reinforced concrete. For unreinforced concrete increase dimensions by 30%.
Derived from channel plus anchor plus the required concrete cover (e.g. to DIN 1045).
VxE,d VxE,d
NE,d
VyE,d
FSE,d FSE,d
VxE,d VxE,d
VyE,d
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
Hot r ol l ed t oot hed channel s HZA DYNAGRI P and T- head bol t s
Structural analysis
Shear Material Resistance V
yRd
V
yEd
Tension Material Resistance N
Rd
N
Ed
Longitudinal Shear Material Resistance V
xRd
V
xEd
Resultant Material Resistance F
SRd
F
SEd
=
Dynamic Material Resistance N
Rd
N
Ed
HALFEN T- head bol t s HZS - mat er i al desi gn r esi st ance per bol t
F
Rd
Material resistance
F
Ed
Factored design load
22


HALFEN Channel type HTA-R 38/17 HTA-R 40/25
HTA-R 40/22
HZA-R 29/20
HTA-R 49/30
HTA-R 50/30
HZA-R 38/23
HTA-R 54/33
HTA-R 52/34
350 mm
3 anchors
350 mm
3 anchors
350 mm
3 anchors
350 mm
3 anchors
Concrete compression strength
C20/25
f
CK, cyl.
= 20 N/mm
f
CK, cube
= 25 N/mm
N
Rd
= N*
Rd
[kN] 2 7.0 2 9.1 2 14.0 2 24.5
a
r
[mm] a
e
[mm] V
yRd
[kN]
50 40 2 2.4
60 45 2 3.7
70 50 2 4.9
75 50 2 5.6
Material:
hot-dip
galvanised
channel
W1.0038

W1.0038 , W1.0038 ,
W1.0044
W1.0038 , W1.0038 ,
W1.0044
W1.0976 ,
W1.0038
anchor BSt 500S carbon steel
Material:
Stainless steel
channel W1.4571 / 1.4404 W1.4571 / 1.4404 W1.4571 / 1.4404 W1.4571
anchor BSt 500S carbon steel
Notes: Other channel sizes are available 150 - 6070 mm long. Please refer to catalogue B-E not available for channel 29/20
1
5
0
1
7
38
12
40
2
5
29
2
0
1
5
0
12
2
2
40
49
3
0
38
2
3
2
2
0
12
3
0
50
54
3
3
3
3
0
14
3
4
3
3
0
52
14
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS

Fact or ed desi gn l oad condi t i ons
HALFEN channel s wi t h r ei nf or ci ng bar anchor HTA- R and HZA- R
HALFEN Cast - i n channel s HTA- R and HZA- R - mat er i al desi gn r esi st ance val ues
Structural analysis
7 Shear Material Resistance V
yRd
V
yEd
7 Tension Material Resistance N
R,d
N
Ed
7 Resultant Tension Material Resistance N*
Rd
N*
Ed
=
Notes: C The minimum dimensions given in the table apply to reinforced
concrete.
F
Rd
Material resistance
F
Ed
Factored design load
23
HALFEN Channel type HTA-R 38/17 HTA-R 40/25, HTA-R 40/22 HTA-R 49/30, HTA-R 50/30, HTA-R 54/33, HTA-R 52/34
HALFEN T-head bolt type HS 38/17 HS 40/22 HS 50/30
Material grade
Steel 4.6
Stainless A4-50
Steel 4.6
Stainless A4-50
Steel 8.8
Steel 4.6
Stainless A4-50
Steel 8.8
Bolt diameter and length
(other bolt sizes
catalogue B-E)
M12
40
50
60
80
M16
40
50
60
80
M12
40
50
60
80
M16
40
50
60
80
M12
45
60
80
M16
60
80
M12
40
50
60
80
M16
40
50
60
80
M20
55
65
75
100
M12
45
60
80
M16
60
80
100
M20
60
80
100
N
Rd
= V
yRd
=
F
SRd
[kN]
13.0 24.2 13.0 24.2 27.2 50.5 13.0 24.2 37.8 27.2 50.5 79.0
V
xRd
[kN]
N
Rd
[kN]
Req. tightening
torque [Nm]
25 60 25 60 70 200 25 60 120 70 200 400
Design
bending
moment
M
Rd
[Nm]
Steel 24.5 62.2 24.5 62.2 61.2 155.4 24.5 62.2 121.1 61.2 155.4 303.0
A4-50
A4-70 *
45.9 * 54.3 21.4 54.3 21.4 54.3 106.0
Finish Steel HALFEN special finish is approved as an equivalent to h.d. galvanising for interior faade connections
HALFEN Channel type HZA-R 29/20 HZA-R 38/23
HALFEN T-head bolt type HS 28/15 HS 29/20 HS 38/17 HS 38/23
Material grade Steel 4.6 Steel 4.6 Stainless A4-50 Steel 4.6
Bolt diameter and length
(other bolt sizes
catalogue B-E)
M10
40
50
60
80
M12
40
50
60
80
M12
40
50
60
80
M16
40
50
60
80
M12
40
50
60
80
M16
40
50
60
80
M16
40
50
60
80
N
Rd
= V
yRd
=
F
SRd
[kN]
9.0 13.0 13.0 24.2 13.0 24.2 24.2
V
xRd
[kN]
N
Rd
[kN]
Req. tightening
torque [Nm]
15 25 25 60 25 60 60
Design
bending
moment
M
Rd
[Nm]
Steel 14.0 24.5 24.5 62.2 62.2
A4-50
A4-70 *
45.9 54.3
Finish Steel HALFEN special finish is approved as an equivalent to h.d. galvanising for interior faade connections
Notes: Channel load capacity must not be exceeded! Stainless steel A4-70 material available in stainless steel material only to special order
FSE,d FSE,d
VyE,d
NE,d NE,d
VyE,d
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
HALFEN channel s HTA- R, HZA- R and T- head bol t s
Structural analysis
Shear Material Resistance V
yRd
V
yEd
Tension Material Resistance N
Rd
N
Ed
Resultant Material Resistance F
SRd
F
SEd
=
HALFEN T- head bol t s HS - mat er i al desi gn r esi st ance per bol t
F
Rd
Material resistance
F
Ed
Factored design load
24

5
0
0

5
0
0

5
0
0

2
5
0

1
5
0
250 300 150

1
5
0
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
HALFEN hi gh l oad channel HCW 52/34 f or Cur t ai n wal l connect i ons
Typi cal i nst al l at i on Pr oduct descr i pt i on
Channel di mensi ons and posi t i oni ng Rei nf or cement r equi r ement s
HALFEN T-bolt grade 8.8
Type range table p. 25
Dimensions in mm
Subject to alteration
9

b
a
r
s

d
i
a
m
.

8

m
m

a
t

1
0
0

m
m

c
e
n
t
r
e
s
3 bars
diam. 8 mm
at 100 mm centres
Curtain wall mullion
Bracket (example)
HALFEN curtain wall
channel HCW 52/34
Concrete slab
HALFEN T-head bolts
grade 8.8 (to be ordered
separately see table p. 25)
Product code: HCW 52/34
Material: carbon steel, hot dip galvanised
Dimensions in mm
25
Type selection HALFEN T-head bolts HS 50/30 grade 8.8
Thread size Material
grade
DIN
Available
lengths
L
[mm]
Bolt load (pull,
angled pull
and shear)
F
S allow.
[kN]
Allowable
bending
moment
[Nm]
Recommended
initial torque
[Nm]
If slotted holes are used in the bracket to
achieve tolerance transverse to the
channel, the capacity of the T-bolts should
be checked according to the
allowable bending moment.
M 16 8.8 40, 60, 80, 100 36.1 111 200
M 20 8.8 45, 60, 80, 100 56.4 216 400
150
140
130
120
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
[kN]
36.4
g
1
=
4
.
1
2
F
Res.
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
HALFEN hi gh l oad channel HCW 52/34 f or Cur t ai n wal l connect i ons
Channel l oad dat a
Fast ener i nf or mat i on
A series of 3 tests produced the following average ultimate loads:
The adjacent load deformation diagram may be used to determine
allowable loads based on acceptable displacement and the required
safety factor according to local building codes. The diagram is based
on the following:
The concrete slab is 125 mm thick and reinforced according to
the diagram on the previous page.
Concrete compression strength C 20/25 N/mm (cylinder/
cube) with normal weight aggregate.
Load is equally distributed to the channel by two HALFEN T-bolts
(ordered separately) spaced at 150 mm centers. See below for
sizes and load capacities.
An example of a typical calculation method is shown below. The
factors used in the calculation example are for illustration only. Actual
factors used on a project basis must be checked according to local or
national building regulations. Also the calculations make no allowance
for load magnication due to load eccentricities. These must be
included according to the project design of the connection. Contact us
for guidance if required.
Calculation Example: Assumed safety factor 3 applied to the ultimate
test load.

HALFEN T-bolts type HS 50/30 8.8 grade, M16 and M20


are recommended for use with HALFEN channel type HCW
52/34 according to the load performance required.
The loads F
S allow.
shown in the table below are per bolt and
based on applied safety factors of approximately 2.5 : 1,
other factors may be applied according to appropriate regula-
tions and project requirements.
Please note, that fastener performance may be limited by
channel capacity. The sizes shown are produced with a spe-
cial coating equivalent to hot dip galvanising in salt spray
tests. T-bolts in other sizes and materials are available if re-
quired, please contact us for details.
Actual safety factor to ultimate test load:
1
= (150 / 36.4) = 4.12
Displacement r [mm] in load direction F
Res
.
F
Res. ultimate
= 150 kN
Load deformation diagram
Load F
Res.
1st crack appearing
in the concrete
Ultimate test load: F
Result. ultimate
= 150.0 kN
F
V ultimate
= 142.3 kN
F
N ultimate
= 47.4 kN
Required working loads: F
V work.
= 35 kN, F
N work.
= 10 kN
Allowable load at 3:1 safety factor:
F
Result. ultimate
= 50.0 kN
F
V ultimate
= 47.4 kN
F
N ultimate
= 15.8 kN
Checking F
V work.
= 35 kN < 47.1 kN OK
Checking F
N work.
= 10 kN < 15.8 kN OK
Checking F
Result. work.
= = 36.4 kN < 50 kN OK
Displacement at working load < 1 mm (see diagram).
26
Channel type HTU 60/22/3 HTU 60/22/6
c [mm] e [mm] Rec. working load F C
225 450 3.3 kN / 450 mm 5.0 kN / 450 mm
75 150 5.0 kN / 150 mm 5.0 kN / 150 mm
225 450 2.5 kN / 225 mm 2.5 kN / 225 mm
75 150 2.5 kN / 75 mm 2.5 kN / 75 mm
Minimum
concrete
dimensions
[mm]
a
a
200 200 200 200
a
r
100 100 100 100
a
e
20 20 20 20
a
f
20 20 20 20
d 100 + cover 75 + cover 100 + cover 75 + cover
Notes: Self drilled fasteners and the structure must be capable of supporting the loads imposed. Fasteners should be positioned in the central third of the rail
width, and no closer than 25mm to the end of the channel. For pure tensile loads edge distances may be reduced to a minimum of 50mm with a correspon-
ding reduction in allowable load according to the formula: Reduced ar = (Reduced load x a
r
) / recommended load.
Further design information is available in HALFEN catalogue B-E.
Channel type HTU 40/25/2.5 - sv (IT) HTU 60/25/2.5 - sv (FR) HTU 80/25/3.0 - sv (FR)
Rec. working load F C 1.3 kN / 250 mm 1.3 kN / 250 mm 1.3 kN / 250 mm
Minimum
concrete
dimensions
[mm]
a
a
140 160 180
a
r
70 80 90
a
e
20 20 20
a
f
20 20 20
d 25 + cover 25 + cover 25.5 + cover
Notes: C Suitable for pull-out, shear and resultant loads. Minimum required concrete strength C20/25 N/mm. Selected fasteners must be capable of supporting
required loads, and be installed according to manufacturers recommendations. Concrete to be of sufficient depth to transfer loads from the channel and
provide adequate cover.
2
5
39.5
39
27.2
2.5
59.5
2
5
47.2
59
2.5
80.5
2
5
.
5
67
79
3.0
250 250
F F F
d
a
f
a
e
a
r
a
r
a
a
b
d
a
f
a
e
a
r
a
r
a
a
b
60
1
0
0
2
2
3
63,5
7
5
60
3
60
1
0
0
2
2
6
63,5
7
5
60
6
c c c c
c = e/2
F
R
e
c c c c c c
c = e/2
F
R
e
HALFEN Cast - i n channel s HTU f or sel f dr i l l i ng scr ews
Cast - i n channel s HTU, sel f anchor i ng
Cast - i n channel s HTU, wel ded anchor s
HALFEN HTU cast-in channels provide an ideal method of connecting window frames, door frames, sheeting rails
and metal cladding panels to concrete, using self-tapping screws. They are easy to install and allow two dimensio-
nal adjustment for the connection.
HTU self-anchoring channels are available pre-galvanised in lengths of six meters. For details of HTU channels
with welded anchors see below.
All HALFEN cast-in channels type HTU 60/22 are available in 3 m lengths with hot dip galvanised nish.
HTU 60/22/3 is also available in A4 stainless steel. Anchors available at 450mm or 150mm centres.
Maximum
screw
penetration
20 mm
Maximum
screw
penetration
20 mm
Type
A
N
Type
D
Type
A
N
Type
D
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
27
Bracket dimensions [mm]
HCW-ED brackets
for carrying dead loads
and windloads
HCW-EW brackets
for carrying
windloads only
serrated washers included serrated washers included
Size Bracket code A B C D E F G H J L M
small
HCW-ED 1
HCW-EW 1
108 70 114 10 57 64 25 51 36 40 57
medium
HCW-ED 2
HCW-EW 2
133 70 127 10 64 64 51 51 36 40 82
large
HCW-ED 3
HCW-EW 3
159 70 140 10 70 64 76 51 36 40 108
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
Edge of sl ab br acket s HCW- ED / - EW
Appl i cat i on exampl e
HALFEN Edge of slab brackets are connected in pairs to
either side of the mullion and are available in two types:
HCW-ED brackets are designed to support both vertical
and horizontal loads.
HCW-EW brackets are designed to support horizontal
wind loads only.
The brackets provide convenient connection adjustment.
T-head bolts M12 grade 8.8 connections are required to the
mullion and cast-in channel. Pilot holes are also provided in
the bracket if it is preferred to temporarily position the bra-
cket prior to drilling the mullion for the main connection.
The brackets are manufactured from high strength alumini-
um. Nylatron shims are available as low-friction shims for
windload brackets.
HCW-ED brackets are marked R (right) and L (left) with
UP at the top. Care should be taken to orientate the bra-
ckets correctly to avoid overloading the connections.

bolt distance
28
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
Desi gn l oads usi ng t wo br acket s t ype HCW- ED
I nt er act i on di agr am t ype HCW- ED1 (smal l )
I nt er act i on di agr am t ype HCW- ED2 (medi um)
I nt er act i on di agr am t ype HCW- ED3 (l ar ge)
Cal cul at i on basi s
Load scheme for bolt
connection between
Curtain wall bracket / mullion
Design value of the horizontal applied load F
hd
[kN]
Design value of the horizontal applied load F
hd
[kN]
Design value of the horizontal applied load F
hd
[kN]
D
e
s
i
g
n

v
a
l
u
e

o
f

t
h
e

v
e
r
t
i
c
a
l

a
p
p
l
i
e
d

l
o
a
d

F
v
d

[
k
N
]
D
e
s
i
g
n

v
a
l
u
e

o
f

t
h
e

v
e
r
t
i
c
a
l

a
p
p
l
i
e
d

l
o
a
d

F
v
d

[
k
N
]
D
e
s
i
g
n

v
a
l
u
e

o
f

t
h
e

v
e
r
t
i
c
a
l

a
p
p
l
i
e
d

l
o
a
d

F
v
d

[
k
N
]
required connection bolts
M12 grade 8.8
required connection bolts
M12 grade 8.8
required connection bolts
M12 grade 8.8
7.0
3.5
Permitted load
interaction area
/
29
Max. applied design load F
hd
[kN]
Size Bracket code max. F
vd
[kN] max. F
hd
[kN]
small HCW-EW 1 0 8.5
medium HCW-EW 2 0 11.67
large HCW-EW 3 0 13.96
HCW-EW brackets are for carrying windloads only
Bottom position fixing bolt (position 3)
Bracket
dead load
S
i
= (F
vd
/ 2) s
i
wind load
S
i
= (F
hd
/ 2) s
i
combined load 45
S
i
= (res. F
d
/ 2) s
i
Sx Sy Sz Sx Sy Sz Sx Sy Sz
HCW-ED 1 0.5 3.2 -1.0 -1.0 1.0 0.0 -0.3 3.0 -0.7
HCW-ED 2 0.5 3.6 -1.0 -0.5 1.0 0.0 0.0 3.3 -0.7
HCW-ED 3 0.5 4.0 -1.0 -0.4 1.0 0.0 0.1 3.5 -0.7
Top position fixing bolt (position 1)
HCW-ED 1 0.6 1.3 -1.0 -1.0 3.6 0.0 -0.3 3.4 -0.7
HCW-ED 2 0.6 1.6 -1.0 -0.5 3.1 0.0 0.0 3.4 -0.7
HCW-ED 3 0.6 1.9 -1.0 -0.4 2.9 0.0 0.1 3.4 -0.7
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
Desi gn wi ndl oads f or br acket s t ype HCW- EW, f or ces at t he bol t f or HCW- ED
Cal cul at i on basi s Desi gn wi ndl oads f or t ype HCW- EW
To get the design action on the HALFEN T-head bolt connecting HALFEN Curtain
wall bracket and HALFEN channel, the design loads F
vd
and F
hd
at the connection
between curtain wall bracket and faade mullion can be multiplied with the factors
Sx, Sy and Sz. These factors depend on the brackets geometry, on the load direc-
tion and on the position of the bolt (see drawings right).
The following tables show the multiplication factors for determination of the forces
at the channel bolt to calculate with.
Load scheme for bolt
connections between
- Bracket / mullion
- Bracket / HALFEN channel
C Bottom position
of xing bolt
(position 3)
Given: slab thickness = 20 cm, width of mullion = 80 mm
projection a = 80 mm ( p. 28, calculation basis)
design deadload F
vd
= + 3.5 kN
design windload (suction) F
hd
= + 7.0 kN
Selected: HALFEN bracket type HCW-ED 2
possible projection M = 82 25 mm v OK
interaction diagram type HCW-ED 2
(see p. 28) shows that the given loading is
within the permitted load interaction area v OK
Determination of forces at each HALFEN T-head bolt
C bottom bolt position (position 3)
Sx = (3.5/2) 0.5 + (7/2) (-0.5) = - 0.88 kN
Sy = (3.5/2) 3.6 + (7/2) 1.0 = + 9.80 kN
Sz = (3.5/2) (-1.0) + 0 = - 1.75 kN
resultant bolt load
per bolt
Top position
of xing bolt
(position 1)
For ces act i ng on t he T- head bol t s at t he channel
Cal cul at i on exampl e
top bolt position (position 1)
Sx = (3.5/2) 0.6 + (7/2) (-0.5) = - 0.70 kN
Sy = (3.5/2) 1.6 + (7/2) 3.1 = + 13.65 kN
Sz = (3.5/2) (-1.0) + 0 = - 1.75 kN
resultant bolt load
per
bolt
SELECTED ANCHOR CHANNEL:
with V
yRd
= 2 5.6 kN > 2 |Sz| = 2 1.75 v OK
(a
r
7.5 cm)
N*
Rd
= 2 14.0 kN > 2 res. S
d
= 2 13.78 kN v OK
SELECTED BOLTS:
HTA-R 50/30 - 350 - 3 anchors - fv (see page 22)
HS 50/30 - M12 60 gv 8.8
30
Design load ranges
load range
[kN]
dead load F
vd
[kN]
wind load F
hd
(suction + compression) [kN]
4/12 4 12
7/24 7 24
F
vd
, F
hd
: applied design loads using
F
= 1.35 for dead loads and
F
= 1.5 for wind
loads.

Type selection
load range
[kN]
a
[mm]
designation L
[mm]
W
[mm]
HALFEN
channel type
recomm.
T-head bolt
4/12
50 HCW-B1 - 4/12-50 270 150
HTA 40/22-
250
2 anchors
HS 40/22
M1660
8.8
75 HCW-B1 - 4/12-75 295 150
100 HCW-B1 - 4/12-100 320 150
7/24
50 HCW-B1 - 7/24 -50 270 175
HTA 50/30-
300
3 anchors
HS 50/30
M1660
8.8
75 HCW-B1 - 7/24 -75 295 175
100 HCW-B1 - 7/24 -100 320 200
Recommended HALFEN cast-in channel at fully loaded bracket
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
Top of sl ab br acket s t ype HCW- B1
Suppor t br acket f or hor i zont al and ver t i cal l oads
Typical assembly
HALFEN Top of slab brackets type HCW-B1 are available in two load ranges and three sizes, and are fabricated from high
strength zinc plated steel. They are designed for high load faade connections requiring up to 10 mm of vertical adjustment.
Combined with HALFEN cast-in channels they provide three dimensional adjustment for faade connections. Connecting plates
are fastened to either side of the mullion using M8 fasteners (not included) and connections to the HALFEN channel are made
using two M16 T-bolts (ordered separately). The connecting plates can be allowed to move laterally or locked in position on the
base bracket according to design requirements.
Mullion of the
curtain-wall faade
Concrete slab
HALFEN cast-in channel
31
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
Top of sl ab br acket s t ype HCW- B2
Suppor t br acket f or hor i zont al and ver t i cal l oads
Mullion of the
curtain-wall faade
Concrete slab
HALFEN cast-in channel
Typical assembly
HALFEN Top of slab brackets type HCW-B2 are fabricated from high strength zinc plated steel. They are designed for high load
faade connections requiring up to 24 mm of vertical adjustment.
Combined with HALFEN cast-in channels they provide three dimensional adjustment for faade connections. Connecting plates
are fastened to either side of the mullion using M12 fasteners (not included) and connections to the HALFEN channel are made
using two M16 T-bolts (ordered separately). The connecting plates can be allowed to move laterally or locked in position on the
bracket according to design requirements.
Design value of the horizontal applied load F
hd
[kN]
D
e
s
i
g
n

v
a
l
u
e

o
f

t
h
e

v
e
r
t
i
c
a
l

a
p
p
l
i
e
d

l
o
a
d
F
v
d

[
k
N
]
required HALFEN bolt
at channel
HS 50/30 M1660 gv 8.8
-21.6 ; 0.0
-18.5 ; 5.0
-13.9 ; 13.9
0.0 ; 23.2
13.9 ; 13.9
18.5 ; 5.0
21.6 ; 0.0
Permitted load
interaction area
32
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS

DETAN Tension rods are highly engineered and aesthetically designed to allow for creative freedom in the design of glass and
metal faades. They can be used for both the bracing and support of faade elements, sunscreens, canopies and architectural
features. The system components are outlined below. Further details are available from the DETAN catalogue DT-E.
DETAN Tensi on r od syst ems f or f aade br aci ng and suppor t
DETAN - The per f ect syst em f or suppor t i ng cur t ai n wal l syst ems
33
DETAN system load capacities, Material specification: stainless steel A4
System - d
s
[mm] 6 8 10 12 16 20 24 27 30
Load capacity Z
d
[kN] C 8.2 14.7 23 33.1 58.9 92 133 168 207
C Z
d
: Design load acc. to DIN 18800 (Nov. 1990), if for the combined loads a partial safety factor
F
has been calculated.
The partial safety factor
M
has been applied in the calculation. See also type approval DETAN-E.
DETAN system load capacities, Material specification: steel strength grade S355 ( d
s
6-12), strength grade S460N ( d
s
16-95)
System - d
s
[mm] 6 8 10 12 16 20 24 27 30 36 42 48 52 56 60 64 76 85 95
Load capacity Z
d
[kN] 7.5 13.6 21.5 31.3 71 111 160 209 255 371 510 670 799 923 1074 1216 1725 2157 2695
Z
d
: Design load acc. to DIN 18800 (Nov. 1990), if for the combined loads a partial safety factor
F
has been calculated. The partial safety factor
M
has been applied in the calculation. See also type approvals DETAN-S460 (for system sizes 16 to 95 mm) and DETAN-S (for system sizes 6 to 12 mm).
f
Locking Nut
Rod
Connection
plate to
structure
Fork Connector
Pin
Circlip
Coupler
with lug
S
y
s
t
e
m
le
n
g
t
h
L
S
y
s
t
e
m
le
n
g
t
h
L
Coupler
Seals (optional)
Anchor disc
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
DETAN Tensi on r od syst ems f or f aade br aci ng and suppor t
DETAN Syst em i n car bon st eel and st ai nl ess st eel
A typical installation can consist of some or
all of the standard components as shown.
Please note denition of the system length L!
DETAN nishes and lengths:
Stainless steel components are available in polished and hand polished nishes. System lengths to approximately 3 metres for
6 mm diameter and approximately 6 metres for diameters 8-30mm.
Carbon steel components are available in black and galvanised nishes. System lengths to approximately 3 metres for 6 mm
diameter; 6 metres for 8-12mm diameters; 12 metres for 16-60mm diameters; and 15 metres for 64-95mm diameters.
Grey tables provide information relating to carbon steel systems and blue tables refer to stainless steel systems.
34
Dimensions [mm], Material specification: 1.4401 bzw. 1.4571 (stainless steel A4) strength grade S235
System - d
s
6 8 10 12 16 20 24 27 30
Effective diameter f 55 75 90 110 140 180 210 240 260
Anchor disc diam. g 73 99 120 146 186 238 280 318 346
Dimensions [mm], Material specification: steel strength grade S355
System - d
s
6 8 10 12 16 20 24 27 30 36 42 48 52 56 60 64 76 85 95
Effective diameter f 55 75 90 110 140 180 210 240 260 310 360 420 450 490 520 596 702 777 832
Anchor disc diam. g 73 99 120 146 186 238 280 318 346 412 480 558 600 652 692 810 960 1075 1150
Dimensions [mm]; Material: Stainless steel A4 (1.4401 / 1.4404 / 1.4571), strength grade S235
System - d
s
6 8 10 12 16 20 24 27 30
Coupler length L
M
34 40 40 50 62 78 94 104 120
Coupler - d
M
12 15 20 22 28 35 42 47 53
Screw-in depth o
m
10.5 12.5 15.0 18.5 22.5 27.0 34.0 37.5 42.5
Screw-in adjustment o
j
4.5 4.5 5.0 6.5 7.5 8.0 11.0 12.5 12.5
Hanger system size d
sa
6 6 8 8 10 10
Hole position k
m
27.5 33.0 37.0 44.0 50.5 57.5
Dimensions [mm]; Material: Steel strength grade S355
System - d
s
6 8 10 12 16 20 24 27 30 36 42 48 52 56 60 64 76 85 95
Coupler length L
M
34 40 40 50 62 78 94 104 120 140 158 180 195 210 245 270 328 370 450
Coupler - d
M
12 15 20 22 28 35 42 47 53 64 75 87 93 98 104 135 155 180 195
Screw-in depth o
m
10.5 12.5 15.0 18.5 22.5 27.0 34.0 37.5 42.5 51.0 55.0 62.5 70.5 77.5 85.0 95 115 130 155
Screw-in adjustment o
j
4.5 4.5 5.0 6.5 7.5 8,0 11.0 12.5 12.5 14.0 15.0 17.5 20.0 22.5 25.0 30 39 45 60
Hanger system size d
sa
6 6 8 8 10 10 10 10 12 12 12 12 12 12 16 16
Hole position k
m
27.5 33.0 37.0 44.0 50.5 57.5 72.0 86.5 98.5 111.5 124.5 137.0 130.0 140.0 150.0 157.5
min. 40
j

f
b

g
d
s
L
M
o
m
+ j
o
- j
o
k
M
d
s
L
M
k
M
d
sa
d
s
L
M
d
M
HALFEN CURTAI N WALL SUPPORT SYSTEMS
DETAN Tensi on r od syst ems f or f aade br aci ng and suppor t
DETAN Component s i n car bon st eel and st ai nl ess st eel
Anchor discs Example: Anchor disc with 4 tension rods Maximum of 8 rod connections per disc
Couplers
available with or without lug for hanger connection
NOTES REGARDING THIS CATALOGUE
Technical and design changes reserved
The information in this publication is based on state-of-the-art technology at the time of publication. We reserve the right to
make technical and design changes at any time. Halfen GmbH & Co. KG shall not accept liability for the accuracy of the infor-
mation in this publication or for any printing errors.
The Quality Management System of Halfen GmbH & Co. KG is certified for the locations in Germany, Switzerland and Poland
according to DIN EN ISO 9001:2000, Certificate No. QS-281 HH.
CONTACT HALFEN WORLDWI DE
HALFEN i s r epr esent ed i n mor e t han 45 count r i es wor l dwi de. Pl ease cont act us: www. hal f en. com
Australia Reid Construction Systems
296 - 298 Maroondah HWY
Mooroolbark. Vic 3138
Phone: +61 3 - 97 27 77 00
E-Mail: info@reids.com.au
Internet: www.reids.com.au
Fax: +61 3 - 97 27 77 45
Belgium/Luxembourg HALFEN-FRIMEDA N.V.
Borkelstraat 131
2900 Schoten
Phone: +32 3 658 07 20
E-Mail: info@halfen.be
Internet: www.halfen.be
Fax: +32 3 658 15 33
Czechia HALFEN-DEHA s.r.o.
K Vypichu 986 Komercni zna Rudn, hala 6
252 719 Rudn
Phone: +420 - 311 - 672 612
E-Mail: info@halfen-deha.cz
Internet: www.halfen-deha.cz
Fax: +420 - 311 - 671 417
Denmark Gottfred Petersen A/S
Langelandsvej 15
5500 Middelfart
Phone: +45 6 - 341 12 66
E-Mail: e-post@gottfred.dk
Internet: www.gottfred.dk
Fax: +45 6 - 441 12 41
France HALFEN S.A.S.
18, rue Goubet
75940 Paris Cedex 19
Phone: +33 - 1 - 445231 00
E-Mail: info@halfen.fr
Internet: www.halfen.fr
Fax: +33 - 1 - 445231 52
Italy HALFEN-DEHA S.r.l.
Via Dei Curti, 1117
24059 Urgnano (BG)
Phone: +39 035 - 893 811
E-Mail: info@halfen.it
Internet: www.halfen.it
Fax: +39 035 - 893 071
Malaysia HALFEN-DEHA Asia Sdn. Bhd.
Lot E/23117, Jalan 5/32A Off Batu 6 , Jalan Kepong
52100 Kuala Lumpur
Phone: +60 - 3 6250 96 30
E-Mail: info@halfen-deha.com.my
Internet: www.halfen-deha.com
Fax: +60 - 3 6250 96 50
Netherlands HALFEN b.v.
Vonderweg 5
7468 DC Enter
Phone: +31 - 547 - 3830 30
E-Mail: info@halfen.nl
Internet: www.halfen.nl
Fax: +31 - 547 - 3830 35
Norway HALFEN-FRIMEDA A/S
Flintegata 4
4004 Stavanger
Phone: +47 51 823 400
E-Mail: post@halfen-frimeda.no
Internet: www.halfen-frimeda.no
Fax: +47 51 823 401
Poland HALFEN-DEHA Sp. z o.o.
Ul. Obornicka 287
60 691 Poznan
Phone: +48 - 61 - 842 56 00
E-Mail: info@halfen-deha.pl
Internet: www.halfen-deha.pl
Fax: +48 - 61 - 842 56 01
Portugal HALFEN PORTUGAL (Sucursal)
Z. J. Maia 1 - Sector XI - Lote 3
4475-132 Gemunde Maia
Phone: +351 - 22 - 947 84 90
E-Mail: halfen@halfen.pt
Internet: www.halfen.pt
Fax: +351 - 22 - 947 84 99
Singapore HALFEN-DEHA Pte. Ltd.
148 Tagoore Lane # 04-08
Singapore 787564
Phone: +65 6 - 455 93 31
E-Mail: info@halfen-deha.com.sg
Fax: +65 6 - 455 85 35
Spain HALFEN-DEHA S.L.
c/ Fuente de la Mora 2, 2 D
28050 Madrid
Phone: +34 91 - 632 18 40
E-Mail: info@halfen-deha.es
Internet: www.halfen-deha.es
Fax: +34 91 - 633 42 57
Sweden HALFEN-DEHA AB
Box 150
435 23 Mlnlycke
Phone: +46 31 98 58 00
E-Mail: info@halfen-deha.se
Internet: www.halfen-deha.se
Fax: +46 31 98 58 01
United Arab Emirates Salam Enterprises L.L.C.
PO Box 28326
Dubai
Phone: +971 4 28 96 289
E-Mail: mail@salamenterprisesllc.com
Internet: www.salamenterprisesllc.com
Fax: +971 4 28 96 089
United Kingdom /
Ireland
HALFEN Ltd.
Humphrys Road Woodside Estate
Dunstable LU5 4TP
Phone: +44 8705 31 63 00
E-Mail: info@halfen.co.uk
Internet: www.halfen.co.uk
Fax: +44 8705 31 63 04
For further information please contact: www.halfen.com


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