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DESIGN OF CULVERT I) 1 2 3 4 5 Design Data DETAILS OF BRIDGE DECK clear span = 9.5 m width of bearing = 0.

5 m grade of concrete = M25 Grade of HYSD bars = Fe415 wearing coat = 80 mm

II)

CLACULATION OF PERMISSIBLE STRESSES cb 1 permissible compresive stresses = st 2 permissible stress in steel = 3

= =

Value of K as per IS:21-2000 B/L 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 & above K for Simply K For Supported Continous Beams Slab 0.4 0.8 1.16 1.48 1.72 1.96 2.12 2.24 2.36 2.48 2.6 2.64 2.72 2.8 2.84 2.88 2.92 2.96 3 3 0.4 0.8 1.16 1.44 1.68 1.84 1.96 2.08 2.16 2.24 2.28 2.36 2.4 2.48 2.48 2.52 2.56 2.6 2.6 2.6

B/L
1.30 1.300 1.40

K 2.72 2.72 2.8

1.30 1.300 1.40

2.72 2.72 2.8

PERMISSIBLE SHEAR STRESS IN CONCRETE Permissible shear stress in concrete, t c N/mm 2 100Ast/bd Grade of concrte M20 M25 M30 M35 M40 0.15 0.18 0.19 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.25 0.22 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.50 0.3 0.31 0.31 0.31 0.32 0.75 0.35 0.36 0.37 0.37 0.38 1.00 0.39 0.40 0.41 0.42 0.42 1.25 0.42 0.44 0.45 0.45 0.46 1.50 0.45 0.46 0.48 0.49 0.49 1.75 0.47 0.49 0.50 0.52 0.52 2.00 0.49 0.51 0.53 0.54 0.55 2.25 0.51 0.53 0.55 0.56 0.57 2.50 0.51 0.55 0.57 0.58 0.60 2.75 0.51 0.56 0.58 0.60 0.62 3.00 & above 0.51 0.57 0.60 0.62 0.63 MAXIMUM SHEAR STRESS IN CONCRETE

0.15 0.233 0.25

CONCRETE GRADE

M20 1.8

M25 1.9

M30 2.2

M35 2.3

M40 & ABOVE 2.5

tmax, N/mm2

M20 0.18 0.213 0.22

M25 0.19 0.223 0.23

M30 0.20 0.225 0.23

M35 0.2 0.225 0.23

M40 0.2 0.225 0.23

DESIGN OF DECK SLAB CULVERT I) DESIGN DATA 1 Clear span 2 Width of bearing 3 Grade of concrete 4 Grade of HYSD bars 5 Thickness of wearing coat 6 Unit weight of Reinforced Cement concrete 7 Unit weight of Plain Cement concrete 8 Carriage width 9 Width of parapet including kerb 10 Width of Road

= = = = = = = = =
=

9.50m 0.50m M 25 Fe 415 80 25.00 22.00 7.50 0.475 8.45

II)

CLACULATION OF PERMISSIBLE STRESSES 1 Permissible compresive stress in concrete under bending 2 Permissible stresses tension in flexure, shear & combined bending 3 Modular ratio Neutral axis depth =
n= 1 1 +

= = =
1

cb st
m 1 + 0.294

= =
= 2.40

(st/m*cb)

Lever arm factor = j = (1-n/3)


Moment factor = Q = 0.50*cb*j*n

= =

0.90 1.105

III)

CLACULATION OF DEPTH OF SLAB AND EFFECTIVE SPAN


Thickness of slab(Assume) Provided Slab Thickness using 20mm diameter HYSD bars with clear cover of Effective depth Width of Bearing Effective Span is the least of Clear Span +Effective Span Centre to Centre of Bearings Effective Span = L = = 80/m 760 mm = 750 = 40mm 710 mm = = 500 mm

a) b)

= =

10.26 m 10 m 6.5 m

IV)

DEAD LOAD BENDING MOMENTS


Dead weight of Slab Dead weight of wearing coat Total Load Dead Load Bending Moment = = = =
2 19 kN/m 2 1.76 kN/m 2 20.76 kN/m

109.6 kN/m

IV)

LIVE LOAD BENDING MOMENTS


Live load will be max be max for I.R.C Class AA Tracked Vehicle Impact Factor Effective Span Distance of centre of Gravity of load from nearest support Width of Road Breadth of Concentration area of Load Ratio of B/L From IRC 21-2000 Constant depending on B/L Effective Width of the Slab Effective Width of Dispresion of I.R.C Class AA loads Total load of two tracks with impact Averaage Intensity of Load Max Bending moment due to live load is given by Total design Bending Moment = = = = = = = = 19.375 5.28 x B bw B/L K be % m = = = = = = = = = = =

3.25 8.45 1.01 1.3 2.72 5.43 6.865 835.625 23.05 117.46 227.10

V)

SHEAR FORCE DUE TO CLASS AA TRACKED VEHICLE


Distance of centre of Gravity of load from nearest support Width of Road Breadth of Concentration area of Load Ratio of B/L From IRC 21-2000 Constant depending on B/L Effective Width of the Slab Effective Width of Dispresion of I.R.C Class AA loads Load per Area Shear Force Dead Shear Load Total Design load for shear = = = = = = x B bw B/L K be w VA = = = = = = = = = = = 2.64 8.45 1.01 1.3 2.72 5.27 6.79 23.32 47.52 75.78 123.31

VI)

DESIGN FOR DECK SLAB


Effective depth per meter = d = = = = = = Ast = = Area of single bar Spacing of bars = = ast S = For 20mm dia bars Spacing required @ 177mm Provide 20mm dia bars @ 175mm c/c as main reinforcement = = (M/Q.b) 0.45 453.27 710 710 M (st*j*d) 1773.14 314 1000*ast Ast 177

Provided Effective depth Hence effective Depth Area of Steel required

Bending Moment for Distribution of Steel Using 12mm dia bars as distribution bars Effective depth Area of Steel required

= = = =

0.3ML+0.2MD 57.17kNm 694mm Ast

= =

M (st*j*d) 456.63 113.04 1000*ast Ast 247.55

Area of single bar Spacing of bars

= =

ast S

= = =

For 12mm Provide 12mm As per IRC: 21-2000 Actual Shear stress Premissible Stress

dia bars @ dia bars @

248mm c/c as distribution steel 240mm c/c as distribution steel = t = = 100Ast bd tc Vu bd 0.174

VII) CHECK FOR SHEAR STRESS

= = =

0.2333 0.2233
2 0.19 N/mm

For

M 25 grade of concrete Max shear stress for M 25 grade =

tmax

HENCE THE SHEAR STRESSES ARE WITHIN PERMISSIBLE LIMITS

mm kNCum kNCum m m
m

8.33 N/mm 200 10 N/mm

19.38

m m m

m m kN kN/m2 kNm kNm

m m m

m m kN/m kN kN kN
2

m mm mm mm M (st*j*d) mm2 mm2 1000*ast Ast mm

M (st*j*d) mm mm2 1000*ast Ast mm2


2

N/mm