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Next Generation NID for PC Market

Lawrence Gatton Principal Engineer Alstom Power ECS

Agenda

Overview - FGD Technology NID Technology Overview PC NID Applications NID History and Reference Units Current US PC-NID Projects
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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

FGD Technology Comparison


Technology Design Absorber Reagent Reagent Preparation Byproduct Dewatering Performance Stoichiometric Ratio Approach Temperature L/G Pressure Drop SO2 Removal Eff. SO2 Inlet (max) 1.02-1.03 0 F 90-175 gal/kacf 3-9 in. w.g. 99+% >10 lb/MMBtu 1.5-1.8 30 F 0.03 gal/kacf 11-13 in. w.g. 95% 2-3 lb/MMBtu 1.5-1.8 25 F 0.03 gal/kacf 13-15 in. w.g. 98% 5-6 lb/MMBtu OST WFGD Spray Tower Limestone Wet Ball Mill Gypsum Hydroclone/Belt Filter Spray Dryer Lime Detention Slaker CaSO3/CaSO4/Ash N/A SDA DFGD J-Reactor Lime Integrated Hydrator CaSO3/CaSO4/Ash N/A NID

Alstom FGD Technologies - Jan 2010

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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

FGD Technology Comparison


300 F

WFGD

SDA

NID

30 F 125 F

25 F

Alstom FGD Technologies - Jan 2010

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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Agenda

Overview - FGD Technology NID Technology Overview PC NID Applications NID History and Reference Units Current US PC-NID Projects
Page 5
ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

NID Technology Overview NID Mixer/Hydrator


1 - 2 Monolayers

HF HF SO3

SO3

Ca(OH)2

SO2 SO2

HCl HCl

D50: ~ 5

ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

NID Technology Overview NID Water Spray System

ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

NID Technology Overview DFGD Systems: Two Approaches SDA NID

ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

NID Components
Fabric Filter Key Components
Fabric filter Reactor Recycle Feeder Mixer Hydrator Fluid trough

Reactor Lime Hydrator

Recycle Feeder

Mixer

Fluid Trough
ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Agenda

Overview - FGD Technology NID Technology Overview PC NID Applications NID History and Reference Units Current US PC-NID Projects
Page 10
ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Modularized PC-NID
Multiple modules Nominal 45 - 90 MW size ea Can be designed to achieve emissions guarantees at full load with one module out of service

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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

PC-NID Advantages
Low Load Turndown
- Achieved through Module isolation w/o gas recirculation - Ability to start SO2 removal with first introduction of coal

Capacity
- Single system capacities > 800 MW

Multi-Pollutant Control
SO2 up to 98% Removal w/ 5.0 lb SO2/MBtu Inlet HCl, HF , SO3 < 1 ppm emissions Filterable Particulate < 0.010 lb/MBtu Hg High PAC utilization

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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Modular NID Arrangement

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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Modular NID Arrangement Foot Print


600 MW Nominal SDA/FF
300 ft 100 ft

140 ft

2 x 60 ft SDA Vessels 1 x 200 ft Fabric Filter


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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Modular NID Arrangement Foot Print


600 MW Nominal NID/FF
300 ft 100 ft

140 ft

165 ft

110 ft

8 x 4 m NID Modules Includes 8 Compartment Fabric Filter


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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Modular NID Arrangement Foot Print

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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Agenda

Overview - FGD Technology NID Technology Overview PC NID Applications NID History and Reference Units Current US PC-NID Projects
Page 17
ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

NID Development Time Line


University of Tennessee, MDI Pilot Plant 1987 TVA Shawnee, MDI Test Facility - 1993 Vaxjo, Sweden, NID Pilot Plant 1996 Laziska, Poland, NID Commercial Operation - 1996 Windsor, CT, Alstom-PPL CFB-NID Pilot - 2002 Reliant, Seward, 1st US NID Commercial Operation 2004 Windsor, CT, Alstom-PPL PC-NID Pilot 2009 Millsboro, Delaware, 1st U.S. PC NID Startup Fall 2011 Somerset, Massachusetts, PC-NID Erection during 2011/12
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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

TVA Shawnee MDI Test Facility (1993)

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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

NID Pilot Plant Vxj, Sweden

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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

NID Pilot Plant Power Plants Labs, Windsor, CT (2009)


BSF Boiler Simulation Facility - 15 MW(Thermal) Pilot

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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

World-Wide NID Installations


Seward 1&2 2x285 MW Gilbert 3 300 MW Spurlock 4 300 MW Indian River 4 440 MW Brayton Point 3 630 MW Sandreuth 3 53 MW Zilina 260 MW Vaasa Kohlta Jarve Elektranai 8 Laziska 1&2 37 MW 50 MW 150 MW 2x120 MW Zhejiang 8 70 MW Dong Guan 5&6 2x70 MW Binjiang TPP 13 MW Jiangying TPP 70 MW Jiulong Paper 135 MW Bautou 2 200 MW Hua Ying Shan 100 MW Xinyuan TPP 25 MW Jingmen TPP 2x200 MW Liwen Paper 1&2 2x30 MW Sanfangxiang 2x25 MW Shengyang 2x50 MW Wuxi TPP 25 MW Xinwang 1&2 2x135 MW Zibo 7&8 2x100 MW Heibi TPP 2x135 MW Juhong TPP 135 MW Taizhou 6 135 MW Yima TPP 78 MW Shenhai 200 MW

Mai Liao

2x150 MW

Fifoots 1-3

3x125 MW

Mondi 1&2

2x35 MW

Secunda

120 MW

Mindinao 1&2

2x105 MW
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Alstom FGD Technologies - Jan 2010

ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

First Commercial NID System Elektrownia Power - Laziska Power Plant, Units 1 & 2
Location: Laziska, Poland Application: PC Boiler Fuel : Coal 1.4% Inlet Loading: 1400 ppm Gas Flow: 510,000 ACFM Commercial: Unit 1,1996, Unit 2,1997 SO2: 95% Removal Measured Opacity: Less than 20% Unit size: 2 x 125 MW Reagent: Lime Byproduct: Landfill

Alstom NID Product Presentation - May 2011

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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

First US NID Application Reliant Energy Seward Station


Location: Seward, PA Application: CFB Boiler Unit size: 2 x 260 MW Scope: Material supply Fuel : Waste Coal / 10.0 lb SO2/MBtu Gas Flow: 880,000 acfm Commercial: 2004 Emissions: SO2: 95% removal (Total System) Particulate: 0.015 lb/MMBtu

ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Agenda

Overview - FGD Technology NID Technology Overview PC NID Applications NID History and Reference Units Current US PC-NID Projects
Page 25
ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

NRG Indian River Unit 4


Location: Millsboro, DE Application: PC Boiler Unit size: 440 MW Scope: Material supply Fuel : Bituminous coal Inlet Loading: 4.5 lb SO2/MMBtu Gas Flow: 2,300,000 acfm Commercial: December 2011 Emissions: SO2: 96% Removal Particulate: 0.012 lb/MMBtu

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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Dominion/Kiewit Brayton Point Unit 3


Location: Somerset, MA Application: PC Boiler Unit size: 630 MW Scope: Material supply Fuel : Bituminous coal Inlet Loading: 2.5 lb SO2/MMBtu Gas Flow: 2,400,000 acfm Commercial: February 2014 Emissions: SO2: 98% removal Particulate: 0.010 lb/MMBtu

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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Dominion/Kiewit Brayton Point Unit 3

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ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

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