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Summation of series using Binomial , Exponential and Logarithmic series. Approximation using Binomial series. UNIT II: Matrices - Symmetric - Skew symmetric - Hermitian - Skew Hermitian -Orthogonal and Unitary matrices - rank of a matrix. (Order m n when max {m, n} <=4) UNIT III: Consistency and solution of linear equations - Cayley Hamilton theorem and its applications. UNIT IV: Eigen value, Eigen Vectors, Diagonalization of a matrix. UNIT V: Expansions - Expansion of cos n, sin n and tan n - Expansion of cosn , sinn in a series of sines and cosines of multiples of - Expansion of cos , sin in powers of , given in radians - Eulers formula for ei Books for Reference: 1. Algebra volume 1 - S. Narayanan & T.K.Manicavachagom Pillay. 2. Trigonometry - S. Narayanan & T.K.Manicavachagom Pillay 3. Trigonometry - P. Duraipandian 4. Trigonometry - P.R. Vittal

Mathematics Calculus of finite differences and Numerical Analysis II Unit I Numerical differentiation: Derivatives up to second order using Newtons forward and backward difference formula. Derivatives using Stirlings formula. Unit II Derivatives using divided difference formula, Maxima and Minima using the above formulae. Unit III Numerical integration: General Quadrature formula , Trapezoidal rule, Simpsons 1/3 rd rule, Simpsons 3/8th rule, Euler Maclaurin formula. Unit IV Difference Equations: Linear homogeneous and non homogeneous difference equation with constant coefficient Particular integrals for ax, Xm, sin kx, cos kx. Unit V Numerical solutions of ordinary differential equations, (First order only) Taylors series method Picards method Eulers method Modified Eulers method , Runge Kutta method Fourth order. Books for Study: 1. Numerical Analysis - Balasubramaniam 2. Calculus of finite differences and numerical Analysis - P. Kandasamy & K. Thilagavathy

Unit I: Evaluation of eax cos bx dx and eax sin bx dx where a and b are constants- Integration by parts- Bernoullis Formula- Definite integral and its properties. Unit II:

/2

/2 /2

0 sinn xdx, 0 sinmx cosn x dx, where m and n are positive integers

Unit III: Definitions of and integrals, Recurrence formula for functions. Properties of functions. Relations between and functions- Simple problems. Differential Equations: Unit IV: Differential equations of the first order but of higher degree Equations solvable for x, y, and dy/dx, Clairauts form. Linear differential equations of the second order with constant coefficients of the form (aD+bD+c)y=eax v (v is any function of the form cos bx, sin bx, xn) and (aD+bD+c)y=xm (m being a positive integer),Linear differential equations with variable coefficients (reducible to form)

Partial differential equations: Unit V: Formation of equation by elimination of arbitrary constants and an arbitrary function. Definition of general, particular and complete solutions, singular solution (Geometrical Meaning not expected) solution of first order equation on the standard forms. 1. F(p,q)=0 4. F(z,p,q)=0 2.F(x,p,q)=0 3.F(y,p,q)=0 5.F1 (x,p)=F2(y,q)

Lagranges method of solving the differential equations Pp+Qq=R (Geometrical interpretation not expected) Books for reference: 1. Calculus -S. Narayan and T.K.Manicavachagom Pillay. 2. A. Text Book of calculus - K. R. Rajagopalan and others.

Mathematics Differential Equations and Fourier Series Unit I: Differential Equations Differential Equations of the first order but of Higher Degree Equations solvable for x, y and dy/dx, Clairuts form Unit II: Linear Differential Equations of the second order with constant coefficients of the form (aD2 + bD + c)y = e ax V (V is any function of the form cos bx, sin bx, xn ) and (aD2 + bD + c)y = xm ( m being a positive integer) Linear Differential Equations with variable coefficients ( Reducible to form ) Unit III: Equations reducible to the Linear homogenous Equations method of variation of parameters, Exact Differential Equations Simple problems Unit IV: Partial Differential Equations: Formation of Equation by elimination of arbitrary constants and an arbitrary functions. Definition of general, particular and complete solutions, Singular solutions (Geometrical meaning not expected) Solution of the first order Equations of the standard form (i)F(p,q) = 0, (ii) F(x,p,q) = 0 (iii) F(y,p,q) = 0 (iv) F(z,p,q) = 0 (v) F 1(x,p) = F2(y,q) Lagranges method of solving the Differential Equations Pp + Qq = R (Geometrical interpretation not expected) Unit V: Fouries Series Definition, finding Fourier coefficient for given periodic functions with period 2 , odd and even functions Half range series Books for Reference: 1. Calculus S. Narayanan and T.K. Manicavachagom Pillay 2. A Text Book of Calculus K.R. Rajagopalan and others 3. Engineering Mathematics M.K. Venkatraman Volume III 4. Engineering Mathematics P.Kandasamy and others 5. Integral Calculus - S. Narayanan and T.K. Manicavachagom Pillay

UNIT I ARITHMETIC MEAN : Formulae for calculating arithmetic mean in a frequency distribution- Merits and Demerits Simple Problems. UNIT II MEDIAN: Concept : Simple problems. UNIT III MODE: Definition-Formulae: Merits and Demerits Simple Problems. UNIT IV RANGE: Merits and Demerits Simple Problems. QUARTILE DEVIATION : Merits and Demerits Simple Problems. UNIT V STANDARD DEVIATION: Formulae - Merits and Demerits Simple Problems. TEXT BOOK : Business Statistics By P.R.Vittal REFERENCE BOOK : Statistical methods By S.P.Gupta.

UNIT I: Regression Analysis Regression Regression coefficients Properties of regression coefficients - problems UNIT II: Time Series Components of time series Measures of Time Semi average method . UNIT III: Index Number Methods of constructions of index numbers - unweighted aggregate index . UNIT IV: Vital Statistics Mean and Importance Analytical methods Measurement of Vital roles Mortality and Natorlity rates Simple concepts

Reference Book:

S. C. Gupta P. R. Vital Mathematical Statistics Business Mathematics and Business Statistics

UNIT I: Hyperbolic functions Definition of hyperbolic functions Relations between circular and hyperbolic functions Formula involving hyperbolic functions Expansions of sinhx and coshx in powers of x. UNIT II: Inverse hyperbolic functions in terms of logarithmic functions Separation into real and imaginary parts of sin(x+iy), cos(x+iy), tan(x+iy). Logarithm of a complex number Definition Principle value. UNIT III: Sum of sines of n angles in arithmetic progression Gregory series for tan x- Sum of cosines of n angles in arithmetic progression Summation by using complex quantities where the combined series C+iS is of the form of the following series (Binomial, Exponential and Gregory series).

-1

UNIT IV: Theory of Equations Polynomial equations Imaginary roots of the equations occur in pairs, irrational root of the equations occur in pairs Relation between the root and coefficients Value of the symmetric functions of the roots in terms of the coefficients.

UNIT V: Transformation of Equation Equation whose roots are 1. Roots with sign changed 2. Roots multiplied by a given number 3. Roots increased or decreased by h 4. Reciprocal of the roots Reciprocal equations Descartes rule of signs for finding an upper limit to the number of positive / negative roots of an equation (only explanation of the rule). List of Reference Books: Algebra volume 1 S. Narayanan and T.K. Manicavachagam Pillay Trigonometry - S. Narayanan and T.K. Manicavachagam Pillay

Unit I: Solutions of Algebraic and transcendental equations Iteration method, Regula-falsi method - Newton-Raphson Method. Unit II: Solutions of simultaneous equations Gauss elimination methods Gauss - Seidal method Crouts Method. Unit III: Finite difference , V, E operator and relation between them, Differences of a polynomial, factorial polynomial. Unit IV: Interpolation with equal intervals Newtons forward and backward interpolation formula, Central difference formula, Gauss forward and backward formulae, Stirlings formula and Bessels formula. Unit V: Interpolations with unequal intervals divided differences Newton divided difference formula for interpolation - Lagranges formula for interpolation - Inverse interpolation Lagranges formula. Books for Study: 1. Numerical Analysis - Balasubramaniam 2. Calculus of finite differences and numerical Analysis - P. Kandasamy & K. Thilagavathy

MATHEMATICS Calculus

Unit I: Polar co-ordinates Angle between radius vector and tangent Angle of intersection of two curves Pedal equation of a curve Curvature and Radius of curvature in Cartesian and polar Co-ordinates, p-r equations. Unit II: Total differentiation Implicit functions Partial derivatives of a composite function of two variables. Unit III: Integral calculus Integration by parts Bernoullis formula Definite integral and its properties. Unit IV:

/2 /2

Reduction formulae- sin x dx, cos x dx, cos x dx, sinn x dx,

/2

0

ax

0 n

are positive integers. Evaluation of eax cos bx dx and eax sin bx dx where a and b are contants. Unit V: Definitions of and integrals- Recurrence formula for functions. Properties of functions - Relations between and functions Simple problems. Books for reference: 1. Calculus 2.

3. 4.

5.

S.Narayanan and T.K.Manicavachagam Pillay Calculus P.R. Vittal Engineering Mathematics M.K.Venkataraman,Volume(III) Engineering Mathematics P.Kandasamy and others Integral calculus S.Narayanan and T.K.Manicavachagam Pillay

MATHEMATICS

APPLICATION OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS

UNIT I: DETERMINANTS: Definition, properties, simple problems UNIT II: MATRICES: Definition, Types of matrices, Arithmetic operations on matrices. UNIT III: Rank of a matrix, problems (for rank of order 3) UNIT IV: CORRELATION: Definition, Rank Correlation, repeated ranks (problems only) UNIT V: APPLICATION OF 2:Distribution for goodness of fit, Simple problems Text Book: 1. Algebra, Volume II by T.K.M. Pillai 2. Statistical Methods by S.P.Gupta

Unit I: Binomial, Exponential and Logarithmic series Application- Summations only. Unit II: Rank of a matrix- Consistency of a system of linear nonhomogeneous equations (statement only) - simple problems. Unit III: Expansions - cos n, sin n, tan n (n,+ve integral), cosn, sinn in a series of sines or cosines of multiples of (for specific values of n) cos and sin in powers of , given in radians (proof not required). Unit IV: Hyperbolic functions- Euler formula for ei - Definition of hyperbolic function- Relation between the circular and hyperbolic function. Formulae involving hyperbolic function. Unit V: Higher derivatives- nth derivative of standard function- Leibnitz theorem (statement only)- simple problems. Curvature and radius of curvature Cartesian form only - Simple problems. Books for reference: 1. Calculus -S. Narayan and T.K.Manicavachagom Pillay. 2. A. Text Book of calculus - K. R. Rajagopalan and others.

UNIT I: Analysis of Variance: Introduction One way classification ANOVA table Simple Problems. UNIT II: Two way classification ANOVA table Simple problems. UNIT III: Design of experiments: - Introduction Terminologies in experimental design. UNIT IV: Principles of experimental design Randomization replication local control.

Reference Book:

1. Mathematical Statistics by S. C. Gupta & V. K. Kapoor (Sultan Chand & Sons) 2. Statistical Methods by S. P. Gupta (S. Chand & Co.)

Plane General equation Normal form - Angle between planes Equation of a plane through the line of intersection of two given planes Length of the perpendicular from a given point to the plane Second degree homogeneous equation.

Unit-II

Straight line Symmetrical form Lines through two points Reduction of the unsymmetrical form to the symmetrical form.

Unit-III

Condition for a line to lie on a plane - Plane through a given line Shortest distance between two skew lines and its equation Coplanar lines.

Unit-IV

Sphere- Equations of a sphere with given Centre and radius General form of the equation of a sphere - Diameter form Plane section of a sphere Equation of sphere passing through a given circle Length of the tangent from the given point - Tangent plane to a sphere Equation of a sphere passing through a given circle.

Unit-V

Cone Equation of the cone with vertex at the origin Equation of the quadric cone with given vertex and given base curve- necessary condition for a general equation of second degree to represent a right circular cone( Statement Only) Circular Cone Equation of a circular cone with given vertex, axis and Semi- vertical angle.

1. Analytical Geometry of Three Dimensions T.K. Manicavachagom Pillay and Natarajan 2. Analytical Geometry of Three Dimensions P.Duraipandian.

MATHEMATICS Co-Ordinate Geometry, Multiple integral and Laplace Transform Unit I: Co-Ordinate Geometry

Conics - Parabola, ellipse, hyperbola and rectangular hyperbola pole, polar. Unit II: Conjugate lines, Conjugate diameters, asymptotes and Conjugate hyperbola. Unit III: Multiple integral Double integration Change of order of integration (double). Unit IV : Definition of triple integrals Application of double and triple integral- Area- Centroid - Volume of solids of revolution & Volume as triple integral .

.

Unit V : Laplace Transforms Definition transform of eat , e-at , cos at, sin at and tn where n is positive integer - First shifting theorem Laplace transform of e-at sin bt, e-atcos bt, eat sin bt, eat cos bt, eat tn , e-at tn transform of f(t) , f(t). Inverse Laplace Transforms relating to above standard forms- Application to the solution of ordinary differential equations with constant co-efficients upto second order. Book for reference 1.Integral Calculus -T.Natarajan and T.K.Manicavachagom Pillay

2.Laplace Transforms - T.K.Manicavachagom Pillay and others. 3. Analytical Geometry of two Dimensions - P. Duraipandian

MATHEMATICS

Programming in C Unit 1: Constants, Variables and data types Character set Key words identifiers constant Variables Data types Declaration of Variables Assigning Values to variables.(Concept only). Unit 2: Operators and expressions Managing input Output operators:Arithmetic operators Relational operators Logical operators Assignment operators Increment and decrement operators Conditional operators arithmetic expressions Evaluation operator precedence and associativity Mathematical functions reading a character writing a character formatter input and output.(Simple programmes only). Unit 3: Decision Making Branching - IF statements Simple IF, IF.ELSE Nesting of IF.ELSE ELSE IF ladder Switch statement the?: Operator GO TO Statement.(Simple Programmes only) Unit 4: Decision Making Looping:- The WHILE Statement DO statement FOR statement jumps in loops. (Simple Programme Only). Unit 5: Arrays:- One dimensional and two dimensional arrays. (Simple programmes only) Treatment as in: Programming in ANSI C by E.Balagurusamy.

MATHEMATICS Statistical Methods and Their Applications II (Allied for B.Sc. Geography) Unit-I:

Normal distribution concepts and simple problems- Concept of sampling distribution- Standard error.

Unit-II:

Test of significance for large samples with respect to mean, variance and correlation coefficient (Sample correlation coefficient and Population correlation coefficient are small )concepts and problems. Unit-III: Test of significance for small samples - using students tdistribution1. Test of significance of sample mean and population mean 2. t-Test for difference of means of two samples (a) If n1 = n2 (b) If n1 n2 where n1 and n2 are sizes of samples and samples are independent. 3. Paired t test of significance

Unit-IV:

F-test of significance to test the equality of two different estimates of the population variance.

Unit-V:

Chi-square test of independence of attributes and Chi-square test of homogeneity. Note 50% Theory & 50% Problems. Books for Reference: 1. S.P.Gupta 2. P.R.Vittal Statistical Methods Mathematical Statistics

Unit I: Probability:- Definition of probability of an event Axioms of probability of an event and properties. Probability space Mutually exclusive events Addition theorem for two and three events Conditional Probability Multiplication theorem for two events Bayes theorem. Simple problems. Unit II: Random variable One dimensional discrete and continuous random variables probability function probability density function cumulative distribution function definitions, properties and problems. Unit III: Mathematical expectation discrete and continuous random variable expected value of random variable properties of expected value variance of a random variable properties of variance moments moment generating function Problems using discrete and continuous probability distributions. Unit IV: Concept of standard distributions Binomial , Poisson and Normal -their properties simple problems fitting of binomial and Poisson distributions. Unit V: Correlation (bivariate discrete data) scatter diagram Pearsons correlation coefficient rank correlation Spearmans rank correlation coefficient.

Treatment as in: Fundamentals of Mathematical Statistics Kapoor Book for Reference: Mathematical Statistics

Unit I: Estimation:

Point estimation Consistency, unbiasedness, efficiency and sufficiency of an estimator Method of maximum likelihood estimator and its properties simple problems. Unit II: Large sample test:

Sampling distribution of statistics based on normal distribution standard error Large sample tests: 1. Test of significance of sample mean and population mean 2. Test of significance for difference of mean of two samples Unit III: 1. Test of significance for the sample standard deviation and population standard deviation 2. Test of significance for the difference of standard deviation of two samples Unit IV: 3. 4. 3. 4. Small sample tests :

Test of significance using students t-distribution Test of significance of sample mean and population mean t-Test for difference of means of two samples of sizes n1 and n2 (i) n1 n2 (ii) n1 = n2 and the samples are independent Paired t test of significance t-test for an observed sample correlation coefficient

of the population variance Chi-square test of goodness of fit independence of attributes and homogeneity. Treatment as in: Fundamentals of Mathematical Statistics Kapoor Book for Reference: Mathematical Statistics

UNIT I: Definitions of Fourier sine transform, Fourier cosine transform, Fourier transform of f(x). Properties of fourier transform Linear property, Change of Scale property and simple problems. UNIT II: Shifting property ,Modulation theorem,and derivative theorem . Simple problems. UNIT III: Convolution theorem statements only and simple problems related to integral equations UNIT IV: Simple problems related to Fourier Transform. Treatment as in Dr J.K.GOYAL & K.P.GUPTA

MATHEMATICS Statistical Methods and Their Applications I (Allied for B.Sc. Geography) Unit-I:

Diagrammatic representation of various types of statistical data Bar diagram- Pie diagram and Frequency curves .

Unit-II:

Measures of central tendency Mean, Median, Mode Concepts, Formulae without proof and simple problems

Unit-III:

Measures of Dispersion Range, Quartile deviation Standard deviation and Coefficient of variation Concepts. Formulae without proof and simple problems

Unit-IV:

Skewness Kurtosis- Concept and simple problems only.

Unit-V:

Correlation Scatter diagram -Pearsons Correlation coefficient -Spearmans rank Correlation coefficient Simple problems. Note 50% Theory & 50% Problems. Books for Reference: 1. S.P.Gupta 2. P.R.Vittal Statistical Methods Mathematical Statistics

Unit I: Theory of Numbers Prime and composite numbers- Splitting of composite number into prime factors- divisor of a given number N-Eulers function (n)- value of (n)- integral part of a real number- The highest power of a prime contained in n! Congruence. Unit II: Vector Analysis Vector point function- Scalar point function- derivative of a vector and derivative of a sum of vectors- derivative of a product of a scalar and a vector point function- derivative of a scalar product and vector productThe vector operator del (only in Cartesian)- Gradient of a scalar point function- Problem involving the determination of unit normal vector to the given surfaces. Unit III: Divergence of a vector- Curl of a vector- definitions of solenoidal and irrotational vectors- formulae involving operatorLaplacian operator- Formulae involving the operator twice. Unit IV: Unit V: Stokes theorem (statement only no proof) Gauss- divergence theorem (no proof required)- Verification of the theorem in simple cases- Greens theorem in two dimensions. Books for reference: 1. T. V. Lakshmi Narasimhan 2. Nama Sivayam - Vector Analysis - Vector Analysis 3. T. Natarajan &T. K. Manicavachagom Pillay - Algebra 4. Narayanan T & others - Vector Algebra and Vector Analysis Integration Line integral- Surface integral- Volume integral

5. Y. Govindan

- Algebra.

MATHEMATICS Astronomy

Unit I: Chapter : II. Celestial Sphere and Diurnal Motion. Art. 39 to 83 and 86. Unit II: Chapter : III. The Earth: - Zones of Earth , Variations of Day and Night Art. 87 to 89. Unit III: Chapter : III. Dip and Twilight. Art. 106 to 116. Unit IV: Chapter :IV & V. Astronomical Refraction - Geocentric Parallax. Art. 117 to 124, 128 to145. Unit V: Chapter XII & XIII. The Moon - Eclipses. Art. 229 to 242, 249, 250, 256 to 263, 272 to 275. Treatment as in: 1. Astronomy - S.Kumaravelu and Susheela Kumaravelu (Reprinted 2004). 2. An Educational tour to a Planetorium

MATHEMATICS

Discrete Mathematics Unit I: Mathematical logic: TF statements - connectives Atomic and compound statements - well formed (statement Formulae) - Parsing - Truth table of a Formula Tautology - Tautological Implications and equivalence of formulae . Unit II: Normal forms Principal Normal forms Inference theory Predicate calculus Inference theory for Predicate calculus Induction principle Peanos postulates. Unit III: Recurrence relations and generating Functions: Recurrence - Polynomials and their evaluations - Recurrence relations Solutions of finite Order homogeneous (linear) Relations. Unit IV: Lattices: Definitions Some properties of Lattices New Lattices - Modular and distributive Lattices. Unit V: Boolean Algebra: Boolean Algebra - Boolean polynomials - karnaugh Maps Switching circuits. Treatment as in: Discrete Mathematics by Prof V.Sundaresan and others. A.R.Publication, June 2001.

MATHEMATICS

Mechanics I Unit I Kinematics: Vectors, Scalars, Velocity and acceleration of a particleresultant of two velocities- relative velocity of a point moving in a planerelative angular velocity vanishing of relative angular velocity when two particles move along concentric circles- velocity and acceleration components in (i) Tangential and Normal directions (ii) Radial and Transverse directions Rectilinear motion with constant acceleration. Unit II: Forces : Newtons law of motion Definition of force Types of forces Earths gravity Tension- Resistance- Friction laws of friction Motion along an inclined plane (smooth and rough) resultant of forces acting on a particle Unit III: Equilibrium of a particle, necessary and sufficient condition for equilibrium of a particle under several forces - Equilibrium under three forces. Law of triangle of forces Lamis theorem Unit IV: Work, Kinetic Energy Potential Energy Conservative forces Principles of conservation of energy rate of work Power units of power Centre of mass of thin wires Laminas and solids using integration. Unit V Non-concurrent forces in a plane, idea of moment of a force about a point and about a line Varignons theorem- three forces acting on a rigid body and keeping it in equilibrium - Equation of the line of action of the resultant- Equilibrium of a rigid body under three coplanar forces Problems Books for Reference: 1.Dynamics A.V. Dharmapadam 2. Dynamics K.Viswanath Naik and M.S. Kasi 3. Statics - A.V. Dharmapadam 4. Statics - K.Viswanath Naik and M.S. Kasi

Unit - I Vector spaces Elementary basic concepts, Linear independence and basis. Unit II Dual Spaces, Inner product spaces. Unit III Linear Transformations The algebra of linear Transformations. Unit IV Characteristic Roots Matrices. Unit V Modules Examples of modules Definitions: Sub-modules direct sum Cyclic modules, Fundamental theorem of finitely generated modules. Treatment as in: I.N. Herstein. Topics in Algebra. (Wiley Eastern Ltd New Delhi.)

Unit I: Linear Programming Formulation Graphical solution Simplex algorithm- Two Phase Method -Artificial basis technique . Unit II: Duality Problems of L.P Properties of duality Fundamental theorem of duality- Solving problems using duality- Complementary slackness theorem-Dual Simplex Method. Unit III: Transportation Problem Formulation Initial feasible solution- North-west corner rule-Least cost method-Vogels approximation method-Degeneracy in transportation problem- Unbalanced transportation problem- Solving transportation problem with Stepping stone method &MODI method. Unit IV: Assignment and Routing Problem Formulation- Hungarian assignment method -Travelling salesman problem. Unit V: Network Analysis Network-Basic concepts- construction of network- Critical Path Method(CPM) Program Evaluation and review technique (PERT). Treatment as in: Operations Research-V.K.KAPOOR (New edition) Books for reference: 1. Linear Programming- S.I. Gauss. 2. Linear Programming- M.K.Venkatraman 3. Operations Research- Prem Kumar Gupta and D.S.Hira.

Unit I: Analytic functions: Functions of a complex variable Mapping, Limits, Theorems on limits, Continuity, Derivative, Differentiation formulae Cauchy - Riemann equations (Cartesian and polar form) - Necessary and sufficient conditions - Analytic functions and Harmonic functions. Unit II: Integrals - definite integrals of a complex valued function - contours line integrals examples - Cauchy - Goursat theorem (Statement Only)preliminary lemma - simple and multiple connected domains Antiderivatives and independence of path - Cauchy integral formula Derivatives of analytic functions Moreras theorem, Maximum modulus theorem - Liouvilles theorem - The fundamental theorem of algebra. Unit III: Power series: Taylors and Laurents theorem Problems Zeros and singularities - Classification of singularities - Problems. Unit IV: Residues and Poles - Residues - Cauchys residue theorem - Rouches theorem - Problems. Unit V: Evaluation of improper real integrals involving sines and cosines Definite integrals involving sines and cosines. Treatment as in: R.V.Churchill and J.W.Brown, Complex variables and Applications Books for reference: 1. P.Duraipandian and others - Complex Analysis 2. B.S.Tyagi - Functions of a Complex Variable 3. M.R.Spiegel -Theory and problems of Complex Variable, Schaums series.

Unit-I Graphs and subgraphs, operations on graph, isomorphism of graphs Unit-II Walks, paths and cycles, connected graphs Unit-III Trees - Acyclic graph Characterisation Theorem of a Tree Spanning Trees of a graph Branches and chords Cotree Rank and nullity Eccentricity, radius, centre Identification of vertices in a graph Contraction in a graph (algorithm parts are excluded) Unit-IV Connectivity Cut vertex, vertex cut Vertex connectivity Cut edge Cut set Fundamental cut set Edge connectivity Separable graph K-connected graph - Block Subdivision of an edge. Unit-V Eulerian graphs,Hamiltonian graphs Treatment as in: Graph Theory S. Kumaravelu and Suseela Kumaravelu Chapters: I, II, III, IV,V, VI- Articles 78-85, Articles 88-91, VIII, IX- Articles 150-155.

MATHEMATICS MECHANICS-II

Unit-1: Rectilinear Motion: Simple harmonic Motion Composition of two simple harmonic motions- Motion under gravity in a resisting medium resistance varying as the velocity and as the square of the velocity. Unit-II Impact: Definition of Impulsive forces and Impulse Principle of conservation of linear momentum Elasticity Collision of two smooth spheres change in kinetic energy and impulse imparted due to collision impact of a smooth sphere on a fixed smooth plane. Unit-III Motion of a projectile : Motion of a projectile, nature of a trajectory Range on a horizontal plane - Range on an inclined plane Moment of inertia of simple bodies Perpendicular and parallel axis theorems (Statement only) Unit-IV Central orbit: Central forces and central orbit- orbit as a plane curve Differential equation of the central orbit in polar co-ordinates Given a central orbit, to find the law of force and the speed of any Point to obtain the nature of the orbit when the central force is M/r and M|r only. Unit-V: Motion of a Rigid Body: Two dimensional motion of a rigid body motion about a fixed axis Kinetic energy Moment of momentum moment of the effective forces about the fixed axis.

Books for Reference: 1. 2. 3. 4. Dynamics Dynamics Statics Statics A.V. Dharmapadam K.Viswanath Naik & M.S.Kasi A.V. Dharmapadam K.Viswanath Naik & M.S.Kasi

UNIT I: Preliminary Notions -Set Theory-Mappings -Integers-Group Theory-Definition of a group- Some examples of Groups- Some Preliminary lemmas . UNIT II: Sub groups-A counting principle-Normal subgroups and Quotient Groups. Unit III: Homomorphisms - Automorphisms - Cayley's theorem-Permutation Groups. Unit IV: Ring Theory Definition and examples of rings some special classes of ringsHomomorphisms - Ideals and Quotient rings. Unit V: More ideals and Quotient rings. Treatment as in: I.N. Herstein. Topics in Algebra. (Wiley Eastern Ltd New Delhi.)

Unit I: Upper bounds, maximum element, least upper bound (supremum) completeness axiom some properties of the supremum absolute values and the triangle inqualities the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality Sequences similar sets finite and infinte sets countable and uncountable sets uncountability of the real number system set algebra countable collection of countable sets. Unit II: Euclidean space Rn open balls and open sets in Rn - the structure of open sets in R1 closed sets adherent points and accumulation points the Bolzano Weierstass theorem (proof for R1 only) . Unit III: The Heine-Borel covering theorem - compactness in Rn metric spaces point set topology in metric spaces. Convergent sequences in a metric space Cauchy sequences complete metric spaces. Unit IV: Limit of a function continuous functions continuity of composite of open or closed sets functions continuous on compact sets Bolzanos theorem uniform continuity uniform continuity and compact sets discontinuities of real valued functions. Unit V: Definition of derivative derivatives and continuity algebra of derivatives the chain rule one sided derivatives and infinite derivatives functions with non zero derivative zero derivatives and local extrema Rolles theorem the mean value theorem for derivatives intermediate value theorem for derivatives Taylors formula with remainder. Treatment as in: Mathematical analysis Tom M.Apostol (Second Edition) for Unit I to Unit V.

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