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# SRI KRISHNA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Panapakkam, Chennai- 601301 Department of Civil Engineering Unit Test-IV Subject: CE 2021: Hydrology

(Elective-1) Class: III Civil Duration: 1 h & 30 min. Part-A (10 x 2=20marks) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. What is Runoff? Distinguish between sub-surface and underground flows. Discuss: Depression storage. What is flood hydrograph? Explain velocity hydrograph What is stage hydrograph? What is S hydrograph? Discuss: Base flow Explain unit hydrograph theory. What do you know by synthetic hydrograph? Date: -03-2013 Max.Marks: 50

Part-B (2 x 15=30marks) 11. (a) Give a neat sketch of a unit hydrograph and discuss the various assumptions in deriving the same. (8) (b)(i) Discuss the convolution and deconvolution methods in determining the direct runoff. (OR) (ii) Describe the procedure for deriving the unit hydrograph for various durations. (7) (7)

12(a). From the topographical map of a drainage basin the following quantities are observed: Area = 3480 km2, L= 148 km and Lc = 74 km. The 12 h UHG derived for the basin has a peak ordinate of 155 m3/s occurring at 40 h. Determine Ct and Cp for the synthetic unit hydrograph of the basin. (15) (OR) (b) The effective rainfall hyetograph of a storm has duration of 12 h, with rainfall intensity of 2.0, 0.75 and 4.0 cm/h respectively in successive 4 h periods. The ordinates of the corresponding direct runoff hydrograph read at 4 h intervals are: 160, 300, 570, 636, 404, 234, 105 and 48 m 3/s respectively. Determine the ordinates of the 4 h UHG using deconvolution method. (15)

SRI KRISHNA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Panapakkam, Chennai- 601301 Department of Civil Engineering Unit Test-IV Subject: CE 2021: Hydrology (Elective-1) Class: III Civil Duration: 1 h & 30 min. Part-A (10 x 2=20marks) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. What is Runoff? Distinguish between sub-surface and underground flows. Discuss: Depression storage. What is flood hydrograph? Explain velocity hydrograph What is stage hydrograph? What is S hydrograph? Discuss: Base flow Explain unit hydrograph theory. What do you know by synthetic hydrograph? Date: -03-2013 Max.Marks: 50

Part-B (2 x 15=30marks) 11. (a) Give a neat sketch of a unit hydrograph and discuss the various assumptions in deriving the same. (8) (b)(i) Discuss the convolution and deconvolution methods in determining the direct runoff. (OR) (ii) Describe the procedure for deriving the unit hydrograph for various durations. (7) (7)

12(a). From the topographical map of a drainage basin the following quantities are observed: Area = 3480 km2, L= 148 km and Lc = 74 km. The 12 h UHG derived for the basin has a peak ordinate of 155 m3/s occurring at 40 h. Determine Ct and Cp for the synthetic unit hydrograph of the basin. (15) (OR) (b) The effective rainfall hyetograph of a storm has duration of 12 h, with rainfall intensity of 2.0, 0.75 and 4.0 cm/h respectively in successive 4 h periods. The ordinates of the corresponding direct runoff hydrograph read at 4 h intervals are: 160, 300, 570, 636, 404, 234, 105 and 48 m 3/s respectively. Determine the ordinates of the 4 h UHG using deconvolution method. (15)

## SRI KRISHNA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

Panapakkam, Chennai- 601301

## Department of Civil Engineering

Unit Test-IV Subject: CE 2021: Hydrology (Elective-1) Class: III Civil Duration: 1 h & 30 min. Part-A (10 x 2=20marks) 1. Discuss flood frequency analysis. 2. Discuss probability of occurrence and non-occurrence of a flood event. 3. What is a Return Period? 4. Is recurrence interval is same as return period, if so how? 5. Write down the flood discharge formula and explain its significance. 6. Explain the basic principle of continuity equation governing the flood routing in general. 7. Write down the equation for storage routing in finite difference form. 8. What is meant by stage - discharge relationship? 9. Determine the probability that exactly two 15 year flood will occur in a single 75 year period. 10. What is the probability of occurrence of 2 or more flood in the above problem? Part-B (2 x 15=30marks) 11. (a) Explain the concept of S hydrograph and under what circumstances you would advocate adoption of this hydrograph. Give a clear associated sketch. (8) (b)(i) Discuss in detail the methods of channel and flood routing. (ii) Explain the concept of convolution and deconvolution in hydrograph. (7) (or) (7) Date: -03-2013 Max.Marks: 50

12. (a) Route the flood hydrograph given below through a channel reach and derive the outflow hydrograph. The Muskingum values of k and x may be taken as 12 h and 0.275 respectively. (15)(or) Time(h) 0 3 Flow(m /s) 40 4 68 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 115 165 194 201 192 172 155 128 107 87 48 74 52 63 56 55

(b) The effective rainfall hyetograph of a storm has duration of 12 h, with rainfall intensity of 2.0, 0.75 and 4.0 cm/h respectively in successive 4 h periods. The ordinates of the corresponding direct runoff hydrograph read at 4 h intervals are: 160, 300, 570, 636, 404, 234, 105 and 48 m3/s respectively. Determine the ordinates of the 4 h UHG using deconvolution method. (15)

## SRI KRISHNA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

Panapakkam, Chennai- 601301

## Department of Civil Engineering

Unit Test-IV Subject: CE 2021: Hydrology (Elective-1) Class: III Civil Duration: 1 h & 30 min. Part-A (10 x 2=20marks) 1. Discuss flood frequency analysis. 2. Discuss probability of occurrence and non-occurrence of a flood event. 3. What is a Return Period? 4. Is recurrence interval is same as return period, if so how? 5. Write down the flood discharge formula and explain its significance. 6. Explain the basic principle of continuity equation governing the flood routing in general. 7. Write down the equation for storage routing in finite difference form. 8. What is meant by stage - discharge relationship? 9. Determine the probability that exactly two 15 year flood will occur in a single 75 year period. 10. What is the probability of occurrence of 2 or more flood in the above problem? Part-B (2 x 15=30marks) 11. (a) Explain the concept of S hydrograph and under what circumstances you would advocate adoption of this hydrograph. Give a clear associated sketch. (8) (b)(i) Discuss in detail the methods of channel and flood routing. (ii) Explain the concept of convolution and deconvolution in hydrograph. (7) (or) (7) Date: -03-2013 Max.Marks: 50

12. (a) Route the flood hydrograph given below through a channel reach and derive the outflow hydrograph. The Muskingum values of k and x may be taken as 12 h and 0.275 respectively. (15)(or) Time(h) 0 Flow(m3/s) 40 4 68 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 115 165 194 201 192 172 155 128 107 87 48 74 52 63 56 55

(b) The effective rainfall hyetograph of a storm has duration of 12 h, with rainfall intensity of 2.0, 0.75 and 4.0 cm/h respectively in successive 4 h periods. The ordinates of the corresponding direct runoff hydrograph read at 4 h intervals are: 160, 300, 570, 636, 404, 234, 105 and 48 m3/s respectively. Determine the ordinates of the 4 h UHG using deconvolution method. (15)