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TSG-RAN WG1 #49 Kobe, May 7 11, 2007 Source: Title: Agenda Item: Document for: Ericsson Resolution

n of Timing Error Alignment 7.7 Discussion and Decision

R1-072489

1.

Introduction

LTE will support an Uplink Timing Control, as discussed on 3GPP TSG RAN WG1 Meeting #47bis. Here a resolution of 0.52 s was proposed.

2.

Increased timing advance resolution

With the generic frame structure, as specified in [1], a cyclic prefix of 144 samples, corresponding to 4.7 s is specified. For the alternative frame structure a longer cyclic prefix is specified. The purpose of this cyclic prefix is to enable a frequency domain processing of each SC-FDMA symbols. Also, the cyclic prefix act as a buffer in order to avoid inter SC-FDMA symbol interference. If the radio channel has a large delay spread, e.g. as in the commonly used Typical Urban Channel, see Table 1 and [2], the cyclic prefix will not be long enough to capture the whole channel. With a timing advance which has a granularity of 0.52 s the problems with inter SC-FDMA symbol interference will increase. A receiver window in the basestation specifies which samples which are fed into a receiver FFT. Here as much energy of transmitted signal filtered through the radio channel should be captured inside this receiver window, see Figure 1 for an illustration. With large timing errors and with a large delay spread a large fraction of the received signal will fall outside the receiver window, as illustrated in Figure 1. By increasing the granularity of the timing advance, this problem can be reduced.

1 Resource Block, one tap static channel 1 Normalized histogram Timing error -2 s Timing error 0 s 0.5 Timing error +2 s

0 -7

-6

-5

-4

-3

-2

-1

25 Resource Blocks, one tap static channel 1 Normalized histogram

0.5

0 -7

-6

-5

-4 -3 -2 -1 0 Synchronization position [ s]

Figure 1. Histogram of estimated synchronization position with timing errors of

+ 2 , 0 and 2 s .

Nominal sequence of one SC-FDMA symbol Receiver window, input to FFT Channel impulse response

CP

Negative Timing error First channel tap response Last channel tap response Timing error First channel tap response Last channel tap response Positive Timing error First channel tap response Last channel tap response CP CP CP CP CP CP

Figure 2: Illustration of impact of timing errors, with interference into other SC-FDMA symbols and channel tap responses not covered by receiver window. Timing errors are exaggerated for illustration purposes. Histograms of estimated timing errors are illustrated in Figure 1. Here simulations are included both for frequency allocations of one resource block (180 kHz) and for 25 resource blocks (4.5 MHz). These histograms are calculated for simulations within an interval of Signal to Noise Rations (SNR) corresponding to block error rates from 100 to 1%, with rate and 16 QAM. From Figure 1 it can be concluded that with a resource allocation of 25 resource blocks, the timing error can be estimated with an accuracy such that a granularity of at least 0.26 s can be utilized.
One tap (No Case 3 TU static fading) Relative Average Relative Average Relative Average Delay Power Delay Power Delay Power [dB] [dB] [dB] [s] [s] [s] 0 0 0 0 0,0 -4,0 260 -3 0,1 -3,0 521 -6 0,3 0,0 781 -9 0,5 -2,6 0,8 -3,0 1,1 -5,0 1,3 -7,0 1,7 -5,0 2,3 -6,5 3,1 -8,6 3,2 -11,0 5,0 -10,0

Tap number index 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Table 1. Channel tap delays and average power for one tap static (AWGN), Case 3, and Typical Urban

3. 4.
[1]

Conclusion References
TS 36.211 v0.3.1

It is proposed to increase the granularity of the timing advance to 0.26 s.

[2] 3GPP TS 05.05, Radio transmission and reception, v8.20.0 (2005-11), 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group GSM/EDGE, Radio Access Network; (Release 1999)