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Sonam Field Development

Subsurface Basis of Design


CPDEP Phase 3

CI:
Major 100ft
Minor 40ft

1KM

July 2011

Sonam Development

Subsurface Basis of Design

Table of Contents
1.
2.

6
7

Executive Summary ...........................................................................................................3


Geological Overview ..........................................................................................................4
2.1
Regional Setting ............................................................................................................. 4
2.3
Field Stratigraphy........................................................................................................... 5
2.4
Summary of Field In-place Volumes ............................................................................. 6
Fluid Properties ...................................................................................................................7
3.1
Condensate Yields.......................................................................................................... 7
3.2
Fluid Sampling and Analysis ......................................................................................... 7
3.3
Dew Point Pressures....................................................................................................... 7
3.4
Fluid Compositions ........................................................................................................ 8
3.5
Sonam Field Rich Gas Compositions over Time ........................................................... 9
Field Development Plan ..................................................................................................10
4.1
Location Coordinates ................................................................................................... 10
4.2
Number of Wells .......................................................................................................... 10
4.3
Initial Well Production Rates ....................................................................................... 11
Production Forecasts ......................................................................................................12
5.1
Production Forecasts Plots ........................................................................................... 12
5.2
P10, P50 and P90 Gas, Pool Condensate, and Water Forecasts................................... 13
5.3
Shut-in and Flowing Tubing Pressures ........................................................................ 14
5.4
Downtime Assumptions in Production Forecasts ........................................................ 14
Gas Contaminants ............................................................................................................15
Water Analysis...................................................................................................................16

List of Figures
Figure 1: Structure map of Sonam Field .................................................................................... 4
Figure 2: F-02, Depositional Model, Fluvial- Dominated Delta ............................................... 5
Figure 3: J-01, Depositional Model, Wave-Dominated Delta ......................................................... 5
Figure 4: Type log of F-02 Sand................................................................................................. 6
Figure 5: Type log of J-01 Sand ................................................................................................... 6
Figure 6: Sonam Field Rich Gas Profile .................................................................................. 12
Figure 7: Sonam Field Pool Condensate Profile .................................................................... 12
Figure 8: Sonam Field Water Production Profile .......................................................................... 12
List of Tables
Table 1: Sonam Rich Gas Hydrocarbon in-place .................................................................... 6
Table 2: Range of Condensate Yield (bbl/MMscf) ................................................................... 7
Table 3: Composition Sonam F-02 and J-02 Subsurface Samples ...................................... 7
Table 4: Component EOS Model Dew Point Pressures (psi) ................................................ 7
Table 5: Initial Reservoir Fluid Compositions ........................................................................... 8
Table 6: Sonam Fluid Compositions over Time ....................................................................... 9
Table 7: Properties of Pseudo Components..................................................................................... 9
Table 8: Well Count .................................................................................................................... 10
Table 9: Estimated Initial Production Rates............................................................................ 11
Table 10: Production Forecasts................................................................................................ 13
Table 11: Estimated Pressures and Temperatures ............................................................... 14
Table 12: Downtime Assumptions in Forecasts ............................................................................ 14

Sonam Development

Subsurface Basis of Design

1. Executive Summary
This Basis of Design document provides information on Sonam field required for the design
and operation of the wells, the Sonam NAG Well Platform and pipeline, and the modification
of the Train 2 slug catcher to handle Sonam liquids while maintaining the Trains rich gas
capacity. Sonam field will be developed to keep the Escravos Gas Plant (EGP) full as the
current supply sources decline.
Sonam Field is located offshore in the Western Niger Delta in OML-91 at a water depth of
about 185 feet. It is about 35 kilometers southwest of the Okan Field. This gas condensate
field consisting of seven gas reservoirs was discovered in 1976 with the drilling of Sonam-01.
Four additional wells have been drilled as part of the field appraisal program.
Produced fluids will be flowed in bulk approximately 53 kilometers through a 20 pipeline from
the Sonam NAG platform to the Escravos Gas Plant (EGP). The Sonam Field wells and
facilities are designed to provide a maximum daily rich gas production rate of 300 MMSCFD.
The production forecasts in this document are based on the P10, P50 & P90 simulation
models built in 2011. The forecasts assume offshore compression will not be installed in
future since there are no current plans to do so.

Sonam Development

Subsurface Basis of Design

2. Geological Overview
2.1 Regional Setting
Sonam Field is located within the outer trend of a general northwest-southeast oriented Middle to
Late Miocene depo-center in the Western Niger Delta and lies near a large wave-dominated delta
system that has been in place since Eocene time.
Basal Akata marine shales provide the hydrocarbon source for overlaying Agbada shallow marine
sandstone reservoir rocks. Continental to shallow marine sandstones of the Benin Formation
overlay this system.
This rapidly prograding depositional system and accompanying sediment instability resulted in the
creation of syndepositional structure building listric growth faults which were sometimes
accompanied by shale diapirism. Formation of the growth faults created large rollover anticlines
within the Agbada Formation. These rollover anticlines serve as hydrocarbon traps and the listric
growth faults serve as migration pathways.

2.2

Field Structure

Sonam Field consists of two major faults which define the structure and several minor internal
synthetic and antithetic faults. The Sonam field is a relatively simple 3-way dip closure against the
NNW-SSE trending Sonajapa-Orih main fault. In some reservoirs, minor closure to the northeast
is provided by the NW-SE trending Sonam main fault. The minor internal synthetic and antithetic
faults have minimal impact on reserves.

CI:
Major 100ft
Minor 40ft

1KM

Figure 1: Structure map of Sonam Field

Sonam Development

Subsurface Basis of Design

2.3 Field Stratigraphy


Sonam field displays typical Niger Delta stratigraphy with massive fresh water sands of the Benin
Formation overlaying interbedded paralic sands and shales of the Agbada Formation.
Hydrocarbon-bearing sands in Sonam Field are found within the Agbada Formation between
6900 feet TVDSS and 11350 feet TVDSS.
Stratigraphic variability and diverse depositional environments in Sonam Field reservoirs are
evidenced by well log signatures, core data and seismic event terminations. Whole cores were
taken in the Sonam-04 well from two of the seven Sonam field reservoirs. Depositional analysis
of this whole core indicates the J-01 sand consists of lower shoreface and marine shelf deposits
within a wave-dominated deltaic system and F-02 sands on the other hand are believed to have
been deposited in a fluvial-dominated deltaic environment and consist of marine shelf, lower
shoreface, lower delta front, lower and upper mouth bar and tidal channel.

Figure 2: F-02, Depositional Model, Fluvial- Dominated Delta

Figure 3: J-01, Depositional Model, Wave-Dominated Delta

Sonam Development

Subsurface Basis of Design

Figure 4: Type log of F-02 Sand

Figure 5: Type log of J-01 Sand

2.4

Summary of Field In-place Volumes


Probabilistic evaluation of original in-place hydrocarbon volumes was conducted for each
of the seven gas-condensate reservoirs in the Sonam Field. Table 1 below shows the
range of original gas in-place volumes determined for the reservoirs

Reservoir

P10
(BCF)

P50
(BCF)

P90
(BCF)

E-01/SO-01

300

400

531

E-05/SO-01

203

296

450

F-02/SO-01

918

1125

1386

G-01/SO-01

31

97

G-05/SO-01

478

671

852

J-01/SO-01

189

279

375

J-02/SO-01

265

329

392

Total

2,357

3,131

4,083

Table 1: Sonam Rich Gas Hydrocarbon in-place

Sonam Development

Subsurface Basis of Design

3 Fluid Properties
3.1 Condensate Yields
Sand

Low

E-01
30
E-05
40
F-02
65
G-01
62
G-05
70
J-01
113
J-02
113
Table 2: Range of Condensate Yield (bbl/MMscf)

Mid

High

42
45
73
76
77
125
125

55
50
80
89
85
138
138

3.2 Fluid Sampling and Analysis


The table below shows the fluid composition data obtained from the F-02 and J-02
reservoirs. The compositions of the various reservoirs were synthesized from these
two compositions using their various yield data (obtained from drill stem tests).

Mole %
F-02
J-02
Nitrogen
0.26
0.27
Carbon Dioxide
1.32
3.73
Hydrogen Sulfide
0
0
Methane
79.85
71.12
Ethane
5.36
7.02
Propane
4.03
4.84
i-Butane
1.1
1.26
n-Butane
1.51
1.81
i-Pentane
0.73
0.93
n-Pentane
0.57
0.77
Hexanes
0.8
1.21
Heptanes Plus
4.47
7.04
Table 3: Composition Sonam F-02 and J-02 Subsurface Samples
Component

3.3 Dew Point Pressures


Sand
E01
E05
F02
G01
G05
J01
J02

Dew Point (psi)


3551
3851
4110
4719
5059
5351
5351

Table 4: Component EOS Model Dew Point Pressures (psi)

Sonam Development

Subsurface Basis of Design

3.4 Fluid Compositions


The table below shows the initial compositions of the different reservoirs.

Component
N2
CO2
C1
C2
C3
iC4
nC4
iC5
nC5
C6
C7
PS-1
PS-2
PS-3
PS-4

E-01(%)
0.27
1.34
82.52
5.41
3.88
0.98
1.30
0.58
0.44
0.56
0.75
0.95
0.51
0.27
0.26

E-05 (%)
0.27
1.34
82.52
5.41
3.88
0.98
1.30
0.58
0.44
0.56
0.40
1.09
0.59
0.32
0.34

F-02(%)
0.26
1.32
79.85
5.36
4.03
1.10
1.51
0.73
0.57
0.80
1.34
1.63
0.81
0.40
0.29

G-01(%)
0.29
3.84
74.44
7.17
4.68
1.28
1.67
0.89
0.76
0.60
0.80
1.14
0.79
0.55
1.11

G-05(%)
0.29
3.84
74.44
7.17
4.68
1.28
1.67
0.89
0.76
0.60
0.70
1.16
0.81
0.56
1.15

J-01(%)
0.27
3.78
71.29
7.09
4.84
1.25
1.71
0.87
0.72
1.01
1.21
2.63
1.49
0.85
1.00

J-02(%)
0.27
3.78
71.29
7.09
4.84
1.25
1.71
0.87
0.72
1.01
1.21
2.63
1.49
0.85
1.00

Table 5: Initial Reservoir Fluid Compositions

Sonam Development

Subsurface Basis of Design

3.5 Sonam Field Rich Gas Compositions over Time


Year

N2

CO2

C1

C2

C3

IC4

NC4

IC5

NC5

C6

C7

2017

0.274

2.808

75.776

6.392

4.387

1.143

1.543

0.778

0.638

0.765

0.877

2018

0.274

2.82

75.806

6.405

4.397

1.145

1.546

0.774

0.633

0.763

0.875

2019

0.274

2.835

75.914

6.425

4.411

1.148

1.549

0.765

0.624

0.755

0.863

2020

0.268

2.606

75.593

6.203

4.36

1.133

1.555

0.749

0.757

1.004

2021

0.268

2.545

76.129

6.175

4.355

1.13

1.553

0.721

0.72

2022

0.269

2.497

76.708

6.162

4.357

1.129

1.553

0.691

0.675

2023

0.271

2.508

77.123

6.19

4.372

1.134

1.557

0.674

2024

0.271

2.451

77.646

6.163

4.362

1.131

1.553

2025

0.27

2.092

79.028

5.904

4.214

1.089

2026

0.271

2.046

79.446

5.883

4.202

1.085

2027

0.271

2.006

79.82

5.865

4.187

2028

0.274

2.443

78.379

6.175

2029

0.275

2.492

78.61

6.237

2030

0.274

2.385

79.104

2031

0.275

2.345

79.401

2032

0.275

2.355

79.514

2033

0.275

2.348

79.629

2034

0.275

2.346

2035

0.275

2.252

2036

0.275

2037

PS-1

PS-2

PS-3

PS-4

1.73

1.09

0.771

1.028

1.727

1.078

0.755

1.002

1.704

1.049

0.726

0.957

1.509

1.911

1.244

0.526

0.582

0.969

1.465

1.818

1.172

0.475

0.506

0.921

1.397

1.705

1.083

0.42

0.433

0.634

0.863

1.302

1.592

0.995

0.382

0.405

0.659

0.595

0.815

1.227

1.5

0.92

0.345

0.364

1.494

0.645

0.557

0.751

1.106

1.352

0.84

0.323

0.334

1.486

0.637

0.521

0.704

1.01

1.288

0.781

0.311

0.327

1.08

1.475

0.631

0.493

0.661

0.932

1.222

0.718

0.311

0.33

4.33

1.131

1.533

0.696

0.546

0.671

0.927

1.31

0.774

0.348

0.463

4.369

1.138

1.543

0.665

0.501

0.63

0.828

1.251

0.711

0.325

0.427

6.168

4.33

1.124

1.522

0.65

0.479

0.606

0.788

1.193

0.66

0.317

0.4

6.149

4.319

1.119

1.513

0.634

0.458

0.585

0.75

1.148

0.618

0.307

0.379

6.164

4.33

1.121

1.516

0.625

0.444

0.57

0.723

1.121

0.592

0.291

0.36

6.164

4.331

1.121

1.515

0.621

0.435

0.559

0.706

1.101

0.572

0.278

0.345

79.693

6.165

4.332

1.121

1.514

0.619

0.429

0.552

0.693

1.092

0.561

0.271

0.337

79.961

6.092

4.289

1.11

1.497

0.627

0.433

0.548

0.697

1.076

0.552

0.263

0.329

2.229

80.078

6.076

4.281

1.108

1.493

0.626

0.429

0.542

0.688

1.062

0.54

0.254

0.32

0.275

2.213

80.163

6.065

4.275

1.106

1.49

0.625

0.425

0.536

0.682

1.052

0.531

0.248

0.313

2038

0.275

2.194

80.247

6.052

4.267

1.104

1.487

0.625

0.423

0.532

0.677

1.042

0.524

0.243

0.309

2039

0.275

2.156

80.379

6.024

4.252

1.1

1.481

0.626

0.421

0.528

0.674

1.031

0.516

0.237

0.301

2040

0.275

2.159

80.395

6.028

4.254

1.1

1.481

0.625

0.419

0.525

0.669

1.027

0.511

0.234

0.298

2041

0.275

2.165

80.392

6.033

4.256

1.101

1.481

0.624

0.418

0.523

0.665

1.024

0.509

0.234

0.299

2042

0.275

2.174

80.389

6.041

4.26

1.102

1.481

0.623

0.417

0.522

0.66

1.021

0.505

0.232

0.298

2043

0.275

2.219

80.273

6.077

4.278

1.106

1.487

0.619

0.416

0.522

0.653

1.025

0.507

0.236

0.305

2044

0.275

2.172

80.426

6.043

4.261

1.101

1.48

0.616

0.412

0.519

0.652

1.016

0.5

0.231

0.295

2045

0.275

2.116

80.624

6.005

4.246

1.094

1.472

0.604

0.399

0.517

0.647

1.01

0.492

0.224

0.273

2046

0.275

2.058

80.826

5.967

4.232

1.087

1.465

0.591

0.386

0.514

0.643

1.004

0.483

0.217

0.251

2047

0.274

1.848

81.577

5.829

4.18

1.062

1.438

0.541

0.335

0.502

0.629

0.979

0.448

0.192

0.167

2048

0.275

1.976

81.3

5.934

4.218

1.072

1.443

0.523

0.345

0.505

0.59

0.958

0.444

0.214

0.201

Table 6: Sonam Fluid Compositions over Time

PS-1
Mole - %
Critical Temperature F
Critical Pressure psig
Accentric Factor
Molecular Weight - lb/lb.mole
Specific Gravity
Critical Volume - l/kg.mole
Boiling Point F
Parachor Volume - l/kg.mole
OmegaA
OmegaB
Costald Volume l/kg.mole
Costald Accentric Factor

1.73
538
517
0.273
115.3
0.75
436.9
202.3
353.0
0.457236
0.077796
0.56867
0.45822

PS-2
1.09
608
438
0.345
151.3
0.79
557.2
303.4
442.6
0.457236
0.077796
0.75804
0.58458

PS-3
0.77
786
243
0.491
192.8
0.83
775.8
456.6
534.9
0.457236
0.077796
0.96010
0.71550

PS-4
1.03
975
210
0.671
270.5
0.88
1,114.4
643.7
687.1
0.457236
0.077796
1.40103
0.91733

Table 7: Properties of Pseudo Components

Sonam Development

Subsurface Basis of Design

4 Field Development Plan


4.1 Location Coordinates
Northing
(Meters)

Easting
(Meters)

Water Depth
(Feet)

165640

265728

180

Northing
(Meters)

Easting
(Meters)

Reentry Plans?
(Yes / No)

SO-01

165675

266430

No

SO-02

164914

268834

No

SO-03

163452

267207

No

SO-04

167219

266336

No

SO-04ST

167218

266336

No

Proposed Platform Location

4.2 Number of Wells


Seven completions are planned to be on-stream on the project start-up date in 2016 and a
future well planned for about 2030.

Reservoir

Field
Start Up

E-01

E-05

F-02

G-01

G-05

J-01

J-02

Total

Future
P10

P50

P90

Table 8: Well Count

This plan will be reevaluated as the field is produced and production data is interpreted.

10

Sonam Development

Subsurface Basis of Design

4.3 Initial Well Production Rates


The ranges of initial gas rates from the seven producers are shown in the table below.
Tubing
Size
(inches)

Initial Pool
Condensate
Yield

P10 Initial
Gas Rate

P50 Initial
Gas Rate

P90 Initial
Gas Rate

(MMscfd)

(MMscfd)

(MMscfd)

(bbls/MMscf)

Erosional
Velocity Limit
Rate
(MMscfd)

E-01A

42

38

48

54

105

E-05A

45

63

67

69

103

F-02A

73

88

89

90

103

F-02C

73

88

89

90

103

G-05A

77

84

93

97

100

J-01A

125

41

55

63

86

J-02C

125

49

60

65

65

Table 9: Estimated Initial Production Rates

11

5 Production Forecasts
5.1 Production Forecasts Plots

Daily Gas Rate (MMscfd)

350
300

250
200

P10

150

P50
P90

100

50
0

2015

2025

2035

2045

2055

Figure 6: Sonam Field Rich Gas Profile

Daily Condensate Rate (BPD)

30,000
25,000

Excludes Plant Condensates


20,000
P10

15,000

P50
P90

10,000

5,000
0

2015

2025

2035

2045

2055

Figure 7: Sonam Field Pool Condensate Profile

Daily Water Rate (BWPD)

5,000

Constrained to EGP Water Handling Capacity


4,000

3,000

P10
P50

2,000

P90

1,000

2015

2025

2035

Figure 8: Sonam Field Water Production Profile

2045

2055

Page 13

5.2 P10, P50 and P90 Gas, Pool Condensate, and Water Forecasts
P10
Date

1/1/2017
1/1/2018
1/1/2019
1/1/2020
1/1/2021
1/1/2022
1/1/2023
1/1/2024
1/1/2025
1/1/2026
1/1/2027
1/1/2028
1/1/2029
1/1/2030
1/1/2031
1/1/2032
1/1/2033
1/1/2034
1/1/2035

P50

Gas
Rate
(MMscfd)

Pool
Condensate
Rate
(BCPD)

298
298
300
300
300
300
270
259
212
199
187
164
155
142
130
119
110
101
89

18,581
22,321
19,668
18,947
17,368
15,978
12,948
12,892
11,037
9,953
8,926
7,018
6,346
5,497
4,759
4,153
3,632
3,207
2,744

Water
Rate
(BWPD)

2
88
3,400
3,400
3,400
3,400
3,400
3,400
3,400
3,400
3,400
3,400
3,400
3,400
3,400
3,400
3,400
3,400
3,402

Table 10: Production Forecasts

Date

1/1/2017
1/1/2018
1/1/2019
1/1/2020
1/1/2021
1/1/2022
1/1/2023
1/1/2024
1/1/2025
1/1/2026
1/1/2027
1/1/2028
1/1/2029
1/1/2030
1/1/2031
1/1/2032
1/1/2033
1/1/2034
1/1/2035
1/1/2036
1/1/2037
1/1/2038
1/1/2039
1/1/2040
1/1/2041
1/1/2042
1/1/2043
1/1/2044
1/1/2045

P90

Gas
Rate
(MMscfd)

Pool
Condensate
Rate
(BCPD)

299
291
285
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
299
300
300
281
261
241
214
196
180
164
151
139
127
115
104
94
82

23,659
22,723
21,337
25,368
23,319
21,055
18,982
17,139
14,358
13,013
11,723
13,841
12,346
11,107
10,084
8,893
7,837
6,999
5,937
5,245
4,648
4,129
3,684
3,326
3,018
2,719
2,475
2,160
1,821

Water
Rate
(BWPD)

1
3
7
7
8
9
10
12
4
996
929
28
574
608
779
835
873
2,105
3,700
3,700
3,700
3,698
582
559
542
537
3,596
640
835

Date

1/1/2017
1/1/2018
1/1/2019
1/1/2020
1/1/2021
1/1/2022
1/1/2023
1/1/2024
1/1/2025
1/1/2026
1/1/2027
1/1/2028
1/1/2029
1/1/2030
1/1/2031
1/1/2032
1/1/2033
1/1/2034
1/1/2035
1/1/2036
1/1/2037
1/1/2038
1/1/2039
1/1/2040
1/1/2041
1/1/2042
1/1/2043
1/1/2044
1/1/2045
1/1/2046
1/1/2047
1/1/2048
1/1/2049
1/1/2050
1/1/2051
1/1/2052
1/1/2053
1/1/2054
1/1/2055
1/1/2056

Gas
Rate
(MMscfd)

284
284
284
284
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
299
300
300
300
300
299
284
270
235
221
209
198
187
177
165
154
143
131
121
112
103
94
85
73

Pool
Condensate
Rate
(BCPD)

23,708
23,366
22,847
22,071
26,318
24,418
22,598
20,839
19,129
17,534
16,334
15,151
13,917
13,023
12,047
12,223
11,516
10,894
10,162
9,255
8,417
7,300
6,698
6,171
5,928
5,492
5,106
4,752
4,444
4,158
3,858
3,578
3,279
3,016
2,758
2,576
2,373
2,131
1,922
1,630

Water
Rate
(BWPD)

0
1
3
5
2
2
1,475
1,398
1,342
1,278
604
782
938
8
9
8
8
583
1,094
1,859
4,000
1,019
948
892
3,092
3,108
3,232
2,457
3,945
3,614
3,105
2,453
487
1,955
1,017
3,700
3,630
335
305
1,094

Page 14

5.3 Shut-in and Flowing Tubing Pressures

Shut-in Tubing
Pressure

Flowing Tubing
Pressure

Flowing Tubing
Temperature

(psig)

(psig)

(F)

E-01A

2812

2167

177

E-05A

3092

2,600

190

F-02A

3269

2715

200

F-02C

3269

2715

200

G-05A

3,615

2667

225

J-01A

4673

3477

243

J-02C

4670

3458

226

Table 11: Estimated

Pressures and Temperatures

5.4 Downtime Assumptions in Production Forecasts


Pessimistic

Most Likely

Optimistic

Production Efficiency of Sonam / EGP Combined

90%

91%

92%

Delivery Pressure at EGP (psig)

900

900

900

Lean Gas Sales Pipeline Availability till 2020

70%

80%

95%

Lean Gas Sales Pipeline Availability after 2020

95%

95%

95%

Water Handling Limit (BWPD)

3,300

3,700

4,100

85

80

75

Minimum Pipeline Operating Rate (MMscfd)


Table 12: Downtime Assumptions in Forecasts

Page 15

6 Gas Contaminants
Parameter

Units

F-02/SO-01

J-02/SO-01

Well

N/A

Sonam 4

Sonam 4

Date

N/A

Dec 2002

Dec 2002

Pressure

psig

355

418

107

146

H2S

ppm volume

0.2

4.9

CO2

% volume

1.2

RSH (Mercaptan Sulfur)

mg/m3

< 0.1

< 0.1

COS (Carbonyl Sulfide)

mg/m3

< 0.1

< 0.1

HG

mg/m3

0.85

1.06

ng/l

<4

<4

H2S

ppm wt

0.2

3.9

RSH

ppm wt

< 0.1

< 0.1

Temperature

Gas Analysis

Arsenic

Condensate Analysis

Page 16

7 Water Analysis
Sonam #4D Produced Water Analysis
Sample Description:

Water collected during DST.

Sampling Point:

Sonam #4D

Sample Date:

12-2002

Reservoir:

F-02/SO-01

Chloride, (Cl-) ppm

430

"The water chloride concentration is lower than would be expected from formation water; therefore it is
possible that the water collected was condensed water vapor from the production stream and not
produced formation water." Forrest A. Garb & Associates, DST Report

Sonam #4D Produced Water Analysis


Sample Description:

Water collected during DST.

Sampling Point:

Sonam #4D

Sample Date:

11-2002

Reservoir:

J-02/SO-01

Chloride, (Cl-) ppm

290

"The water chloride concentration is lower than would be expected from formation water; therefore it is
possible that the water collected was condensed water vapor from the production stream and not
produced formation water." Forrest A. Garb & Associates, DST Report