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Name: Danesse Lei T. Glipa Teacher: Sir Elvin O. Unlayao Jr.

Subject: Physical Education

Folk Dances Cariosa


I. II. Name: Cariosa Materials(costume) Maria Clara Dress(girls) Barong Tagalog(boys) Short Explanation

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The dance was originated in the Panay Islands on the Visayan Islands and it was introduced by the Spaniards during their colonization of the Philippines. It is related to some of theSpanish dances like the bolero and the Mexican dance Jarabe Tapatio or the Mexican Hat Dance. IV. Basic Steps The basic footwork is similar to the steps used in a waltz: You move around the floor by stepping to the side with your left foot, then moving your right foot next to your left. You finish off this series of three movements by tapping your left foot on the floor. Repeat this sequence of steps, this time beginning by stepping to the side with your right foot.

Tinikling
I. II. Name: Tinikling Materials(costume) Patadyong Kimona or Barot Saya(girls) Camisa de Chino or Barong Tagalog(boys) Short Explanation The dance originated in Leyte among the Visayan islands in the central Philippines as an imitation of the tikling bird dodging bamboo traps set by rice farmers. The dance imitates the movement of the tikling birds as they walk between grass stems, run over tree branches, or dodge bamboo traps set by rice farmers. Dancers imitate the tikling bird's legendary grace and speed by skillfully maneuvering between large bamboo poles. Basic Steps Tinikling involves five steps; during the first four steps, the dancers dance opposite each other, and during the last step, they start from the same side of the poles. The bamboo is also used as a percussive instrument as it is banged against the ground

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(or a piece of wood to make it easier to hold) and each other in a pattern. The bamboo has to be closed hard enough to make a sound, and the dancers must be quick enough to not get their foot (or feet) caught. As the dance continues, the banging of the bamboo becomes faster and harder, the sound of the clashing bamboo and the quickness of feet demonstrated by the dancers thrilling and awing the crowd. In the United States, this dance had been altered into a four-beat rhythm to adjust to popular music. In some cases, it has been used in conjunction with traditional Filipino martial arts to demonstrate fleetness of foot and flow of movement.

La Jota Moncadea
I. II. III. Name: La Jota Moncadea Materials(costume) Bamboo Castanets Short Explanation La Jota Moncadea is one of the most famous interpretation and adaptation of the Aragonese Jota dance. People of Moncada, Tarlac, call it rather by a different name: Jota Florana. The Jota Folrana was danced to the Ilocano/Yogad bamboo musical instrument ensemble called tallelet. Dance anthropologist Ramon Obusan said that the Jota Florana was danced to accompany a bereaved family to the burial of a loved one. The high pitched clicking of the bamboo clickers are supposed to represent melancholy wails. The slow portion of the dance is in fact named patay (death) or desmayo (fainting) that is performed to a very slow marcha funebre. The same dance figure is found in another Ilocano dance, the Ti Liday (which in Ilocano means 'sorrow' or grief-stricken') Basic Steps The dance combines Spanish and Ilocano dance steps and music.

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Ragragsakan
I. II. III. Name: Ragragsakan Materials(costume) Hand-woven blankets Short Explanation This is classified under Mountain-Igorot Dances. It is an adaptation of a tradition in women gather and prepare for a budong, or peace pact.

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Kalinga

The Kalingga borrowed the beautiful word ragragsakan from the Ilocano, which means "merriment." The two biggest occassions for a ragragsakan in a Kalinga village are for the homecoming of successful head takers and the culmination of peace-pact between warring tribes. In this dance, Kalinga maidens balance labba baskets on thier heads, wave colorful tribal blankets, and sing short salidumay songs as they snake through the terrace dikes and skip through breaks in the path. IV. Basic Steps

Imitating the walk of the women as they climb rice terraces Balancing 'labba" baskets and water pots on their heads Waving colorful tribal blankets Singing short songs and skipping.