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DO-15X Axial Lead

DO-214AA Surface Mount

TO-202AB Type 1 TO-92 Type 70 Do not use mounting tab or center lead, electrically connected

SIDAC
(95 - 330 Volts)
9

General Description
The Sidac is a silicon bilateral voltage triggered switch with greater power-handling capabilities than standard diacs. Upon application of a voltage exceeding the Sidac breakover voltage point, the Sidac switches on through a negative resistance region to a low on-state voltage. Conduction will continue until the current is interrupted or drops below the minimum holding current of the device. Teccor offers the complete voltage range (95-330) over three different packages: TO-92 (95-280 volts) Axial lead DO-15X (95-280 volts) Surface Mount DO-214AA (95-280 volts) TO-202AB (190-330 volts)

Applications
High voltage lamp ignitors Natural gas ignitors Gas oil ignitors High voltage power supplies Xenon ignitors Over voltage protector Pulse generators Fluorescent lighting ignitors HID lighting ignitors

Teccors Sidacs feature glass passivated junctions to ensure a rugged and dependable device capable of withstanding harsh environments. Variations of devices covered in this data sheet are available for custom design applications. Please consult the factory for more information.

Features
AC circuit oriented Glass-passivated junctions High surge current capability

Teccor Electronics (972) 580-7777

9-1

SIDAC

Electrical Specifications
Part No. IT(RMS) VDRM VBO
Breakover Voltage 50/60Hz Sine Wave (1)

IDRM

IBO

Type

On-State Repetitive RMS Current Peak TJ125C Off-State 50/60Hz Voltage Sine Wave (7) (8)

Repetitive Breakover Current Peak 50/60Hz Off-State Current Sine Wave 50/60Hz Sine Wave V=VDRM

DO-15X TO-92 TO-202AB DO-214AA G Package E Package F Package S Package See Package Dimensions section for variations. K1050E70 K1100E70 K1200E70 K1300E70 K1400E70 K1500E70 K2000E70 K2200E70 K2400E70 K2500E70 K1050G K1100G K1200G K1300G K1400G K1500G K2000G K2200G K2400G K2500G K2000F1 K2200F1 K2400F1 K2401F1 K2500F1 K3000F1 K2500S K1050S K1100S K1200S K1300S K1400S K1500S K2000S K2200S K2400S

Amps MAX 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 (10) 1.0 1.0

Volts MIN 90 90 90 90 90 90 180 180 190 190 190 190

Volts MIN 95 104 110 120 130 140 190 205 220 220 240 270 MAX 113 118 125 138 146 170 215 230 250 250 280 330

Amps MAX 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

Amps MAX 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

General Notes
All measurements are made at 60Hz with a resistive load at an ambient temperature of +25C unless otherwise specified. Storage temperature range (TS) is -65C to +150C. The case (TC) or lead (TL) temperature is measured as shown on the dimensional outline drawings. See Package Dimensions section of this catalog. Junction temperature range (TJ) is -40C to +125C. Lead solder temperature is a maximum of +230C for 10 seconds maximum; 1/16" (1.59mm) from case.

Electrical Specification Notes


(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) See Figure 9.6 for VBO change vs junction temperature. See Figure 9.7 for IBO vs junction temperature. See Figure 9.2 for IH vs case temperature. See Figure 9.14 for test circuit. See Figure 9.1 for more than one full cycle rating. RJA for TO-202 Type 23 and Type 41 is 70C/watt. TC 90C for TO-92 Sidac and TC 105C for TO-202 Sidacs. TL 100C for DO-15X and TL 90C for DO-214AA. (8) See Figure 9.15 for clarification of Sidac operation. (9) For best Sidac operation, the load impedance should be near or less than switching resistance. (10) Teccor's new, improved series of sidacs is designed to ensure goodcommutationathigherswitchingfrequencies asrequiredinignitor circuits for high intensity discharge (HID) lighting. A typical circuit for a metal halide lamp ignitor is shown in the schematic, Figure 9.3. With proper component selection this circuit will produce three pulses for ignition of Osram lamp types such as HQI-T70W, HQIT150W, and HQI-T250W which require a minimum of three pulses at 4kV magnitude and >1 s duration each at a minimum repetition rate of 3.3kHz.

SIDAC

9-2

Teccor Electronics (972) 580-7777

SIDAC
IH
Dynamic Holding Current 50/60Hz Sine Wave R = 100 (3) (4)

VTM
Peak On-State Voltage IT = 1 Amp

ITSM
Peak One Cycle Surge Current 50/60Hz Sine Wave (Non-Repetitive) (5)

RS
Switching Resistance
R (V V ) BO S = ------------------------------(I I ) S BO

dVq/dt

dv/dt

di/dt
Critical Rate-of-Rise of On-State Current

Critical Critical Rate-of-Rise Rate-of-Rise of Turn-off of Off-State Voltage at Voltage at 8kHz Rated VDRM TJ 100C

mAmps TYP 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 MAX 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 E 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5

Volts Max Package G 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 F S 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5

50/60Hz Sine Wave (9) Amps 60Hz 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 50Hz 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 k MIN 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 2.0 0.1 0.1 Volts/ Sec MIN 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 42 20 20 Volts/ Sec MIN 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 Amps/Sec TYP 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150

100

Peak Surge (Non-Repetitive) On-State Current [I(TSM)] - Amps

SUPPLY FREQUENCY: 60 Hz Sinusoidal LOAD: Resistive RMS ON-STATE CURRENT: IT RMS Maximum Rated Value at Specified Junction Temperature

40

20 10 8.0 6.0 4.0


BLOCKING CAPABILITY MAY BE LOST DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE CURRENT INTERVAL OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UNTIL JUNCTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED TO STEADY-STATE RATED VALUE.

2.0 1.0 1.0

10

100

1000

Surge Current Duration - Full Cycles

V-I Characteristics

Figure 9.1

Peak Surge Current vs Surge Current Duration

THERMAL RESISTANCE (STEADY STATE) RJC [RJA] C/W (TYPICAL)

E 35 [95]

G 18 [75]

F (6) 7 [45]

S 30 [85]

Teccor Electronics (972) 580-7777

9-3

SIDAC

Electrical Specifications
Maximum Allowable Ambient Temperature (TA) - C
140 CURRENT WAVEFORM: Sinusoidal - 60 Hz LOAD: Resistive or Inductive FREE AIR RATING
2.0

120

IH IH(TC=25 C)

1.5

100

1.0

80

Ratio of

60

.5

TO
40

-9

TO

-2

an

02

TO TY PE 23

-2

02

TY

DO

PE

-2

14

&

41

-40

-15

+25

+65

+105

+125

25 20 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0

Case Temperature (TC) - C

RMS On-State Current [IT(RMS)] - Amps

Figure 9.2

Normalized DC Holding Current vs Case/Lead Temperature

Figure 9.5

Maximum Allowable Ambient Temperature vs On-State Current


+4

H.V. STEP-UP TRANSFORMER BALLAST

Percentage of VBO Change - %

+2 0 -2 -4 -6 -8 -10 -12 -40 -20 0

0.1 - 0.15 F 220V/240V 50/60Hz

K2401F1 METAL HALIDE LAMP

5 - 6H

0.22 - 0.33 F

5.6K - 8.2K 5W

+25

+20

+40

+60

+80

+100

+120 +140

Typical Metal Halide Ignitor Circuit

Junction Temperature (TJ) - C

Figure 9.3

Typical Metal Halide Ignitor Circuit

Figure 9.6

Normalized V BO Change vs Junction Temperature

Repetitive Peak On-State Current (ITRM) - Amps

600 400 200 100 80 60 40 20 10 8 6 4 2 1 0.8 0.6


2 x 10-3
f=1

di/dt Limit Line


No n-R
ITRM VBO Firing Current Waveform

ep

Re

ea

on

f=1
f=1 00 Hz

Fr

0H

eq

ue

nc

yf

=5

Hz
TJ=125C Max

Repetitive Peak Breakover Current (IBO) Multiplier

pe

ted

to l/f

titi

9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2

V=VBO

kH

f=5
f=1
f=20

kH
Hz

0k

1 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130

kHz

Junction Temperature (TJ) - C

6 8

1 x 10-2

6 8

1 x 10-1

4 6 81

Pulse base width (to) - mSec.


Figure 9.4 Repetitive Peak On-State Current (I TRM) vs Pulse Width at Various Frequencies Figure 9.7 Normalized Repetitive Peak Breakover Current vs Junction Temperature

SIDAC

9-4

Teccor Electronics (972) 580-7777

SIDAC
9 TL =25C 8

4.7 F
TO-92, DO-214AA & DO-15X "E", "S" and "G" Packages

Positive or Negative Instantaneous On-State Current (iT) - Amps

7 6 5 4 3

10 F

100V

4.7 k

50V

+ 24 VAC 60 Hz
TO-202 "F" Package

K1200E SIDAC 200V

4.7 F 100V

1.2 F

2 1 0 0 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.6

H.V. IGNITOR

Positive or Negative Instantaneous On-State Voltage (vT) - Volts

Figure 9.8

On-State Current vs On-State Voltage (Typical)

Figure 9.11

Ignitor Circuit (Low Voltage Input)

2.2 2.0 Average On-State Power Dissipation [PD(AV)] - Watts 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0

CURRENT WAVEFORM: Sinusoidal LOAD: Resistive or Inductive CONDUCTION ANGLE: See Figure 9.15

BALLAST

BALLAST

TO-202 "F" Package

SIDAC 3.3 K

0.47F 400V LAMP

SIDAC 7.5 K

0.22F LAMP

120 VAC 60 Hz 16 mH
"E", "S" & "G" Packages TO-92, DO-214AA & DO-15X

220 VAC 60 Hz

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.0

120 VAC

220 VAC

RMS On-State Current [IT(RMS)] - Amps

Figure 9.9

Power Dissipation (Typical) vs On-State Current

Figure 9.12 Typical High Pressure Sodium Lamp Firing Circuit

100

SCR

SIDAC
2w

10 F 250V

XENON LAMP

20 M

100-250 VAC 60 Hz

100-250 VAC 60 Hz

+ 10 F - 450V
120VAC 60Hz

K2200F1 4KV SIDAC 200400V TRIGGER TRANSFORMER 20:1 .01F 400V

Figure 9.10 Comparison of Sidac vs SCR

Figure 9.13 Xenon Lamp Flashing Circuit

Teccor Electronics (972) 580-7777

9-5

SIDAC

Electrical Specifications

PUSH TO TEST S1

SWITCH TO TEST IN EACH DIRECTION

VBO

VBO VBO

IPK
TRACE STOPS

100-250 VAC 60 Hz

100 1%

DEVICE UNDER TEST

100-250 VAC 60 Hz

LOAD IH 120-145 CONDUCTION ANGLE IH

IH
S1 SCOPE SCOPE INDICATIONS

LOAD CURRENT

Figure 9.14 Dynamic Holding Current Test Circuit for Sidacs

Figure 9.15 Basic Sidac Circuit

(a) Circuit VBO R SIDAC VDC(IN) VB0 VC t RL IL VC (b) Waveforms

IL

Rmax Rmin

VIN - VBO I BO V -V IN TM IH (MIN)

Figure 9.16 Relaxation oscillator Using a Sidac

VCE MONITOR (See Note B) RBB1 = 150 100 mH TIP-47

INPUT VOLTAGE 0V 5V COLLECTOR CURRENT 0.63 A 0

tw 3 ms (See Note A) tw 100 mS

INPUT 50

2N6127 (or equivalent)

50

RBB2 = 100 + VBB2 =0

+ VCC = 20 V IC MONITOR

SIDAC VBO

COLLECTOR VOLTAGE 10 V VCE(sat)

RS = 0.1

VBB1 =10 V

TEST CIRCUIT

VOLTAGE AND CURRENT WAVEFORMS

NOTE A: Input pulse width is increased until ICM = 0.63A. NOTE B: Sidac (or Diac or series of Diacs) chosen so that VBO is just below VCEO rating of transistor to be protected. The Sidac (or Diac) eliminates a reverse breakdown of the transistor in inductive switching circuits where otherwise the transistor could be destroyed.

Figure 9.17 Sidac Added to Protect Transistor for Typical Transistor Inductive Load Switching Requirements

SIDAC

9-6

Teccor Electronics (972) 580-7777