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# Table of Integrals

! x dx = n + 1 x
n

n +1

## (18) (19) (20) (21) (22)

"
! "

2 ( x ! a )3/2 3

! x dx = ln x
! udv = uv " ! vdu " u( x )v!( x )dx = u( x )v( x ) # " v( x )u !( x )dx

1 dx = 2 x a xa 1 dx = 2 a ! x a! x

"x

2 2 a( x ! a )3/2 + ( x ! a )5/2 3 5

## RATIONAL FUNCTIONS (5) (6)

! ax + b dx = a ln(ax + b)
! ( x + a)
1
2

3/2

dx =

"1 x+a
n

(23)

! (ax + b)
!

(7)

## x % " a + , n ! "1 ! ( x + a) dx = ( x + a) \$ # 1+n 1 + n ' &

n

(24)

2 x dx = ( x 2 a ) x a 3 xa

n

(25)

"

(26)

!
!x
!

## x % dx = x x + a " a ln # \$ x + x+a& x+a

# 4 b 2 2bx 2 x 2 & ax + bdx = % " + + b + ax 5 ( \$ 15 a 2 15 a '
" b x x 3/2 % b + ax x ax + bdx = \$ + 2 ' # 4a & b 2 ln 2 a x + 2 b + ax 4a
3/2

(27)

!a

1 xdx = ln(a 2 + x 2 ) + x2 2
(28)

## x 2 dx "1 ! a 2 + x 2 = x " a tan ( x / a) 1 2 1 2 x 3 dx 2 2 ! a 2 + x 2 = 2 x " 2 a ln(a + x )

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! (

!x
(29)

3/2

" (ax

+ bx + c )!1 dx =

2

5/2

(15) (16)

## 1 1 ! ( x + a)( x + b) dx = b " a [ ln(a + x ) " ln(b + x )] , a ! b

(30)

x 2 a 2 dx =

1 1 x x 2 a 2 a 2 ln x + x 2 a 2 2 2

! ( x + a)

dx =

a + ln(a + x ) a+ x

(31)

"
!x

a 2 ! x 2 dx =

(17)

! ax

2

## # x a2 ! x2 & 1 1 x a 2 ! x 2 ! a 2 tan !1 % 2 ( 2 2 2 \$ x !a '

(32) (33)

1 x 2 a 2 = ( x 2 a 2 )3/2 3

1 x a
2 2

dx = ln x + x 2 a 2

)
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2005 BE Shapiro

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(34)

" ! "
!

1 a !x
2 2

= sin !1

x a

(49)

2

## 1# b2 & + % x 2 " 2 ( ln(ax + b ) a ' 2\$

(35)

x x2 a2 x a2 ! x2
x
2 2 2

= x 2 a2 dx = ! a 2 ! x 2

(50)

## 1 1# a2 & ! b 2 x 2 )dx = ! x 2 + % x 2 ! 2 ( ln(a 2 ! bx 2 ) b ' 2 2\$

(36)

EXPONENTIALS

(37)

x a

dx =

1 1 x x 2 a 2 ! ln x + x 2 a 2 2 2

(51)

!e
!

ax

dx =

1 ax e a
1 i " xeax + 3/2 erf i ax 2a a

(38)

"
!

## # x a2 ! x2 & 1 1 dx = ! x a ! x 2 ! a 2 tan !1 % 2 ( 2 2 2 a2 ! x2 \$ x !a ' x2

" b x% ax 2 + bx + c ax 2 + bx + c ! dx = \$ + # 4a 2 ' &

(52)

xeax dx = 2 !

where

erf ( x ) =
(53) (54) (55) (56) (57) (58)
x

x 0

e" t dt
2

(39)

## 4 ac ( b 2 " 2 ax + b % !!!!!!!!!!!!!! + ln \$ + 2 ax 2 + bc + c ' # & 8 a 3/2 a

! xe dx = ( x " 1)e

!x
(40)

ax 2 + bx + c ! dx =

! xe

ax

## #x 1& dx = % " 2 ( eax \$a a '

x 2

# x 3 bx 8 ac " 3b 2 & + ax 2 + bx + c !!!!!!!!!!!!!!! % + 24 a 2 ( \$ 3 12 a ' !!!!!!!!!!!!!! " b(4 ac " b ) # 2 ax + b & ln % + 2 ax 2 + bc + c ( \$ ' 16 a 5/2 a
2

! x e dx = e ( x
2 x

" 2 x + 2)

(41)

!
!

## 1 " 2 ax + b % dx = ln + 2 ax 2 + bx + c ' a \$ a # & ax 2 + bx + c 1

! x e dx = e ( x
3 x x

" 3x 2 + 6 x " 6)

(42)

!x e

n ax

dx = ( "1)

! (a, x ) =
(59)

# x

t a "1e" t dt

!e

ax 2

dx = " i

# erf ix a 2 a

## LOGARITHMS (43) (44) (45) (46)

! ln xdx = x ln x " x

2 2 2

## ! sin xdx = " cos x

! ln(ax + b)dx =
2 2 2

! sin ! sin

xdx =

x 1 " sin 2 x 2 4

2b "1 # ax & " 2x ! ln(a x b )dx = x ln(a x b ) + a tan % \$ b( ' 2 a !1 # bx & ! 2x " ln(a ! b x )dx = x ln(a ! b x ) + b tan % \$ a( '
2 2 2 2 2 2

## ! cos xdx = sin x

(47)

(48)

# 2 ax + b & 1 4 ac " b 2 tan "1 % a \$ 4 ac " b 2 ( ' # b & !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! "2 x + % + x ( ln ax 2 + bx + c \$ 2a '

! cos ! cos

xdx = xdx =

2

! ln(ax

+ bx + c )dx =

## ! sin x cos xdx = " 2 cos

2005 BE Shapiro

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(67) (68) (69) (70) (71) (72) (73) (74) (75) (76) (77) (78) (79) (80) (81) (82) (83)

! sin

x cos xdx =
2

(89)

!x

cos axdx =

## 1 1 ! sin x cos xdx = " 4 cos x " 12 cos 3x

2 2 ! sin x cos xdx =

1 n !!!!!!!!!! (ia )1" n \$ %("1) # (1 + n, " iax ) " # (1 + n, iax ) & ' 2

x 1 " sin 4 x 8 32

## ! tan xdx = " ln cos x

2 ! tan xdx = " x + tan x

!x
2

1
2

sin ax

! tan
! sec

3 ! x sin axdx =

2

!x !e !e !e !e

xdx = tan x

x

3

sin xdx =

2

bx

sin(ax )dx =

! sec ! sec
! csc

## x tan xdx = x tan xdx =

1 2 sec x 2 1 n sec x , n ! 0 n

cos xdx =

bx

cos(ax )dx =

2

! xe ! xe

## sin xdx = cos xdx =

! csc ! csc

1 1 xdx = " cot x csc x + ln | csc x " cot x | 2 2 1 x cot xdx = " csc n x , n ! 0 n

!e

ax

cosh bxdx =

## ! x cos xdx = cos x + x sin x

1 1 ! x cos(ax )dx = a 2 cos ax + a x sin ax

2

!e
!e

ax

sinh bxdx =

!x

2

!x

cos axdx =

(88)

!x

## ! tanh axdx = a ln cosh ax

! cos ax cosh bxdx =
!!!!!!!!!! 1 [ a sin ax cosh bx + b cos ax sinh bx ] a + b2
2

## cos xdx = 1 1+ n \$ (i ) % #(1 + n, "ix ) + ( "1)n #(1 + n, ix )& ' 2

(107)

!!!!!!!!! "

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(108)

## ! cos ax sinh bxdx =

!!!!!!!!!! 1 [b cos ax cosh bx + a sin ax sinh bx ] a + b2
2

(109)

## ! sin ax cosh bxdx =

!!!!!!!!!! 1 [ " a cos ax cosh bx + b sin ax sinh bx ] a + b2
2

(110)

## ! sin ax sinh bxdx =

!!!!!!!!!! 1 [b cosh bx sin ax " a cos ax sinh bx ] a + b2
2

(111)

## ! sinh ax cosh axdx = 4 a [ "2ax + sinh(2ax )]

! sinh ax cosh bxdx =
!!!!!!!!!! 1 [b cosh bx sinh ax " a cosh ax sinh bx ] b2 " a2

(112)

2005 BE Shapiro

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