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Metode Dalil Tiga Momen

2 ton
2.5

t/m

1.5

t/m

1.5 ton

1.5 ton

2 m

5 m

3 m

X1

3 m

X2'

A2'

A1

A2"

4.5 m

2.5 m

A3

X2''

X2'''
A2'''
2 m

5 m

3 m

3 m

Perhitungan bidang momen akibat beban luar dari letak titik beratnya
Bentang B - C
Luas

Titik Berat

A1

qL 3
24

X1

24L
45

2.5

= 13.0208

24
24

x
45

2.6667

5.0625

Bentang C - D
Luas

A2

A2'

+ A2" + A2'''

qL 3
64

A2'' =

5 qL 3
192

A2''' =

PL 2
8

A2 =

5.0625 +

A2'

Titik Berat

X2'

X2''

X2''' =

3
3

+
3L
10

L
2

6
2

1.5

64
5

1.5 x
192

8
8.4375

x
10

9
22.5

8.4375

1.8

4.5 m

2.5 m

Titik Berat

A2
A2 . X2 =

A2'

22.5

X2 =

5.0625

22.5

X2 =

62.4375

X2 =

2.775

+ A2''

8.4375

1.5

1.8

+ A2''' x
x

1.8

Bentang C - D
Luas

1.

A3

qL 3
12

X3

L
2

4.5
2

4.5
12

2.25

= 11.3906

Untuk Batang B C D
B

EI1

EI2

A1
A2
a
b
L1
L2
EI1
EI2

2.6667 m
A1

2.775

A2

5 m

2.

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

13.0208
22.5
2.6667
2.775
5
6
1.4
1.3

m
m
m
m

6 m

MB

L1
EI1

+ 2MC

L1
EI1

L2
EI2

MD

L2
EI2

MB

5
1.4

+ 2MC

5
1.4

6
1.3

MD

6
1.3

MB 3.5714 +

MC 16.3736 +

MD 4.6154 =

3.5714 MB +

16.3736 MC +

4.6154 MD =

6 A1 a
EI1 L1

6 A2 b
EI2 L2

13.0208 x
1.4
x
5

29.7619 +

48.0288

77.7908

..( 1 )

2.6667

1.3

Untuk Batang C D E
C

EI1

EI2

A3

A2

A2
A3
a
b
L1
L2
EI1
EI2

2.25 m

3.225 m

6 m
MC

L1
EI1

+ 2MD

4.5 m
L1
EI1

L2
EI2

ME

L2
EI2

6 A2 a
EI1 L1

6 A3 b
EI2 L2

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

22.5000
11.4
3.225
2.250
6
4.5
1.3
1.2

m
m
m
m

22.5
x

x
6

2.775

6
1.3

MC

6
1.3

+ 2MD

4.5
1.2

MC 4.6154 +

MD 16.7308 +

4.6154 MC +

16.7308 MD +

ME

+
3.75

4.5
1.2

ME

x
1.3

22.5
x

x
6

55.8173 +

28.4766

84.2939

..( 2 )

3.5714 MB =+3 ton


16.3736
m di subtitusi
MC + ke persamaan
4.6154 MD.(
= 1 ) 77.7908

..( 1 )

3.75

ME =

Momen Akibat Lefel pada titik MB = 3 ton m


MB = 3 ton m di subtitusi ke persamaan .( 1 )

3.5714

10.714 +

3 +

16.3736 MC +

16.3736 MC +

16.3736 MC +

4.6154 MD =

4.6154 MD =

4.6154 MD =

77.7908

77.7908

67.0765 ( 3 )

Momen Akibat Lefel pada titik ME = 3,75 ton m


ME = 3,75 ton m di subtitusi ke persamaan .( 2 )
16.7308 MD +

3.7500 ME =

4.6154 MC +

16.7308 MD +

3.7500

4.6154 MC +

16.7308 MD +

14.0625 =

4.6154 MC +

16.7308 MD =

70.2314 ( 4 )

84.2939

..( 2 )

4.6154 MC +

3.75 =

84.2939

84.2939

Mengeliminasi Persamaan ..( 3 ) dan ( 4 )


16.3736 MC +

4.6154 MD =

67.0765

4.6154

4.6154 MC +

16.7308 MD =

70.2314

16.3736

75.5706 MC +

21.3018 MD =

309.584

75.5706 MC +

273.943 MD =

1149.94

-252.64 MD =

-840.36

MD =

3.3263

16.3736 MC +

4.6154 MD =

67.0765

16.3736 MC +

4.6154 x

3.3263 =

16.3736 MC +

15.352 =

67.0765

16.3736 MC =

51.7244

Persamaan ( 3 )

MC =

3.159

Jadi Momen Primernya Adalah:


MB

MC

3.159 ton m

MD

3.3263 ton m

ME

3.75

ton m

ton m

67.0765

3.225

11.3906 x
1.2
x 4.5

2.250

2.775

2.250

Metode Slope Deflection


2 ton
3 ton/m

2 ton/m

2 ton

2 ton

2 m

5 m

Momen Primer

Bentang B - C

2.

3 m

M'BC

q.L 2
30

.-M'CB

q.L 2
20

M'CD

5 qL 2
192

PL
8

.-M'DC

11qL2
192

PL
8

M'DE

q.L 2
12

.-M'ED

q.L 2
12

Momen Lefel di ( M'BA )

3 Ton m

( M'EF )

3.75 Ton m

3 m

2.0833

3.1250

2 x
192

11

2 x
192

2.5313

2.5313

30

20

5 m

6
2 x
8

2.9063

6
2 x
8

4.5938

Bentang D - E
2

12
2

x
12

Menentukan Faktor Kekakuan

B-C

C-D

D-E

4EI
L
x
5
x
6
x
4.5

K
1
1
1

1.12
0.8667
1.0667

Perhitungan Momen Perletakan dan Momen Reaksi Dengan Slope Defkection


MBC

MCB

M'BC

KBC

- 2B

2.0833

1.12

- 2B

2.0833

2.24

1.12

M'CB

KCB

- 2C

-3.1250

1.12

- 2C

-3.1250

2.24

1.12

Bentang C - D

Batang

3 m

MCD

MDC

MDE

MED

MB

M'CD

KCD

- 2C

2.9063

0.8667

- 2C

2.9063

1.7333 C

M'DC

-4.5938

0.8667 D

KDC

- 2D

0.8667

- 2D

-4.5938

1.7333 D

M'DE

2.5313

0.8667 C

KDE

- 2D

1.0667

- 2D

2.5313

2.1333 D

M'ED

-2.5313

-2.5313

- 2E

1.0667

- 2E

2.1333 E

-3

2.0833

2.24

MC

-0.4092
=
+

2.24

C =

1.12

C =

1.12

C ( 1 )

0.5

0
MCD

2.24

-0.2188

1.12

MD

=
+

1.0667 D

-3.1250

MDC

0
MBC

MCB

KED

1.0667 E

MBA

-0.9167

2.9063

3.9733 C

0.8667 D =

1.12

1.7333 C

MDE

1.7333 D

0.8667 C +

2.5313

-2.0625

0.8667 C

3.8667 D

1.0667 E =

ME

MEF

2.1333 E

1.0667 D

1.2188

2.1333 E

1.0667 D =

0 .( 2 )

0.5713

2.1333 D

1.0667 E =

0 .( 3 )

-2.5313

0.8667 D =

-4.5938

MED

3.75

D ( 4 )

0.5

Persamaan ..( 1 ) dan ( 2 )


-0.2188

1.12

-0.2188

1.12

-0.4092

-0.2188

0.4583

0.2396

3.4133 C

3.9733 C
-

0.56
-

0.5
C

0.8667 D

0.8667 D
-

3.9733 C

3.9733 C
=

0 .( 2 )

=
-

0.8667 D

0.8667 D =

0 ..( 5 )

Persamaan ..( 3 ) dan ( 4 )


-2.0625

0.8667 C

3.8667 D

1.0667 E

-2.0625

0.8667 C

3.8667 D

1.0667 0.5713

-2.0625

0.8667 C

3.8667 D

0.6094

-2.6719

0.8667 C

3.3333 D

0 .( 6 )

0 .( 2 )

0.5

0.5333 D =

Mengeliminasi Persamaan ..( 5 ) dan ( 6 )


0.2396

3.4133 C

0.8667 D

0.8667

-2.6719

0.8667 C

3.3333 D

3.4133

0.2076

2.9582 C

0.7511 D

-9.1200

2.9582 C

11.378 D

10.627 D

=
=

9.3276

0.2396

3.4133 C

0.8667 D

0.2396

3.4133 C

0.8667 x

0.2396

3.4133 C

0.7607

1.0003

3.4133 C
C

MBC

MCB

-0.8778
0

-0.8778
=

0.2931

-0.4092

0.5

-0.4092

0.5 x

-0.4092

0.1465

-0.5558

0.5713

0.5

0.5713

0.5 x

0.5713

0.4389

1.0102

2.0833

2.24

2.0833

2.24

2.0833

1.2449

-3.1250

2.24

-3.1250

2.24

-3.1250

0.6565

-3.159 ton m

0.2931

D
-0.8778

1.12

-0.5558

C
1.12

0.2931

-0.5558

0.3282

ton m
-

1.12

0.2931
+

0.6224

B
1.12

MCD

MDC

MDE

MED

2.9063

1.7333 C

2.9063

1.7333 x

2.9063

0.508

3.159 ton m

-4.5938

1.7333 D

-4.5938

1.7333 x

-4.5938

1.5214

-3.3263 ton m

2.5313

2.1333 D

2.5313

2.1333 x

2.5313

1.8725

3.3263 ton m

-2.5313

2.1333 E

-2.5313

2.1333 x

-2.5313

2.155

-3.75

Jadi Momen Primernya Adalah


MB

MC

3.159 ton m

MD

3.3263 ton m

ME

3.75

ton m

ton m

0.8667 D

0.2931

ton m

-0.8778

0.8667

0.2931

1.0102

-0.8778

0.254

1.0667 E
-

1.0667

1.0775

1.0667 D

1.0102
+

0.8667 C

-0.8778
-

0.8667

0.7607

-0.8778
-

0.9363

1.0667

Freebody Batang A - B

V = 0

1.5 ton
3 ton m

RB

1.5

RB

1.5 ton

2m
Momen dan Lintang A - B ( 0 < 2 )
MX

DX

-1.5

MX
dX

-1.5

Freebody Batang B - C
2.5 ton/m
3 Ton m
3.159 ton m

B
X

2.5

x
2

10.417

MC = 0
RB

RB

RB

5
3

3.159

3.159

3 =

q
L

q'
X

q'

qX
L

2.0515 ton

V = 0
RC

RB

2.5

RC

2.0515

RC

4.1985 ton

0.5

tan

q
L

tan

q'
X

6.25

Momen dan Lintang B - C ( 0 < 5 )


Menentukan q sejauh X

X
L

MX

RB

2.0515

q'X
2

X
3

qX
L

2
2.5

DX

2.0515

2.0515

2.0515

MX
dX

X
5

MB

X
3

X
3

2
0.5

X3
6

0.0833

2.0515

X3

0.25

Menentokan Momen Maximum dan Peralihan pada Lintang B - C ( 0 < 5 )


DX

2.0515

0.25

X2

X2

8.2061

2.8646

Freebody Batang C - D
2 ton
1.5 ton/m
3.159 ton m

3.3263 ton m
D

1.5

MD = 0
RC

RC

RC

12.583

2.0971 ton

RC

6.75

32

2
-

3.159

V = 0
RD

RC

1.5

RD

2.0971

4.5

RD

4.4029 ton

3.159

3.3263

+
0

3.3263

Momen dan Lintang C - D ( 0 < 3 )


MX

= RC X
=

DX

2.0971 X
MX
dX

3.159
-

3.159

2.0971

Menentokan Momen Peralihan C - D ( 0 < 3 )


MX

2.0971

3.159

2.0971

X =

3.159

X =

1.5064

1.5

1.5 X

4.5

Momen dan Lintang C - D ( 3 < 6 )


MX

DX

RC

2.0971 X

2 X

0.0971 X

2.841

0.75

X2

4.5971 X

3.909

0.75

X2

MX
dX

4.5971

1.5

1
2

2.25

Menentokan Momen Maximum dan Peralihan pada Lintang C - D ( 3 < 6 )


DX

4.5971

1.5

X =

1.5

X =

4.5971

X =

3.0647

Menentokan Momen Peralihan C - D ( 3 < 6 )


MX

-0.75
X1

0
X2
=

=
X 1

-4.5971

-4.5971

5.1094

4.5971 X
-

3.909

4.5971 2
-0.75
2

-0.75

-3.909

3.067
-1.5
m

Freebody Batang D - E
1.5 ton/m

3.3263 ton m

3.75
E

4.5 m

ton m

0.5 X

1.5

2.25

3.159
X

3.159
-

6.75

ME = 0
1.5

4.5 2

RD 4.5

RD 4.5

15.188

RD 4.5

14.764

RD

3.2808 ton

2
-

3.3263

3.3263

4.5

3.75

3.75
=

V = 0
RE

RC

1.5

RE

3.2808

RE

3.4692 ton

6.8 =

Momen dan Lintang D - E ( 0 < 4,5 )


MX

RD

MX

3.2808

DX

MX
dX

1.5

3.2808

X2
2
0.75
-

1.5

MD

X2

3.3263

Menentokan Momen Maximum dan Peralihan pada Lintang D - E ( 0 < 4,5 )


=

DX

3.2808

1.5

X =

1.5

X =

3.2808

X =

2.1872

Menentokan Momen Peralihan D - E ( 0 < 4,5 )


=

MX

-0.75

X2

X 1, 2 =

-3.2808

-3.2808

3.2808 X

3.326

3.2808 2
-0.75
2

-0.75

0.886

-1.5

X 1

1.5965

X 2

2.7779

Freebody Batang E - F

V = 0
1.5 ton
3.75

ton m
E

2.5 m

RE

1.5

RE

1.5

-3.326

Momen dan Lintang A - B ( 0 < 2 )


MX

MX

DX

RE

1.5

MX
dX

ME

1.5

3.75