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MEMB113

09 AutoCAD Part 2

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Content
OSNAP OTRACK LAYER BLOCK & INSERT Draw command: rectangle, polygon Edit command: trim, offset, extend, array Demo: Producing multi-view drawing using AutoCAD

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Drawing aid: Object snap


Object snap or OSNAP Are functions to aid the drawing process, a very useful tool To snap on a geometric point on an object Can be turned off or on by clicking OSNAP button on status bar or press CTRL+F or F3 key When turned on, the cursor will jump or snap to the certain point on an object e.g. mid-point of a line or tangent of a circle Includes visual aid AutoSnap Several OSNAP modes available, can activate any number at a time

Endpoint Midpoint Intersection

Nearest

Tangent Quadrant

Center Extension Apparent Intersection

Node Insert Parallel

Perpendicular

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Object snap cont


OSNAP setting Right-click OSNAP button Drafting Setting dialog box turns up Can be used to turn on or off object snap modes Symbols indicated by each mode are shown in drawing with yellow marker

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Object snap cont


How to use: You need to have an object on drawing area

Then you need to be in a drawing command, e.g. CIRCLE, LINE, ARC, etc. Hover the mouse over the existing object, Yellow marker shows up with tool tip

Indicating what type of geometric point snap can be done

Endpoint

Midpoint

Intersection

Example of OTRACK

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Object snap modescont


Endpoint Snap to endpoint of the nearest entity, e.g. end of a line Midpoint Snap to the midpoint of an entity, e.g. midpoint of a straight line, or arc Center Snap to the center of entity such as circle, arc or ellipse Node Snap to the nearest point (entity) Quadrant Snap to the quarter position on the circumference of an arc, circle or ellipse Intersection Snap to the intersection of two entities Tangent Snap to the tangent of entities such as circle, arc or ellipse Nearest Snap to the nearest point on an entities Perpendicular Snap to the point perpendicular to an entity such as straight line

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Layer
Similar to thin transparent sheet being stacked on each other different part of the drawing can be drawn on different layer to create and use layers: [pd menu] > Format >Layer click [Icon Layer] Layer properties manager

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Layers

Layer icon

Layer status Layer list New layer Set to current layer Delete layer

On/off

Layer name Colour

Lock/unlock Freeze/thaw

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Block and insert


Block and insert is similar to copy and paste, but with extra features, where objects can be copied and inserted into the drawing Steps Create block [pd menu] >Block > Make or click [Icon Block] Give name, select objects to be included To insert/paste block into drawing [pd menu] > Insert > Block or click [Icon Insert Block] Specify insertion point on drawing to paste (1) Give name (2) Base point Base point (3) Select objects Insert block Block (make)

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Block & insert ... cont


To use/paste the block in drawing [pd menu] > Insert > Block.. Or [Icon Insert Block] command:insert {enter} Insert icon

Select block

Insertion point

Scale

Rotation

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Block / insert
To copy & paste object into different drawings use command wblock and minsert Select object Command: wblock Command: minsert Base point

Command: minsert Enter block name or [?]: kerusi Specify insertion point or [Scale/X/Y/Z/Rotate/PScale/PX/PY/PZ/PRota te]: Enter X scale factor, specify opposite corner, or [Corner/XYZ] <1>: Enter Y scale factor <use X scale factor>: Specify rotation angle <0>: 90 Enter number of rows (---) <1>: 2 Enter number of columns (|||) <1>: 1 Enter distance between rows or specify unit cell (---): 40

Specify filename

Location on disk

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Rectangle
To draw a rectangular object [pd menu] > Draw > Rectangle or [Icon Rectangle] or Command:rectangle or rectang

1st point

2nd point Rectangle shape

Rectangle icon

Rectangle with 0.25 chamfer

Rectangle with 0.25 fillet

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Polygon
To draw many- & equal- side closed object e.g hexagon, pentagon etc. [pd menu] > Draw > Polygon or [Icon Polygon] or Command: polygon

1st point 2nd point 1st point 2nd point

Center - Inscribed

Polygon icon

Center - Circumscribed

Edge 1st point

2nd point
Examples of polygon drawn

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Offset
To create copy of existing object at a certain distance Concentric circles and squares, parallel lines and curves [pd menu] > Modify > Offset or [Icon Offset] Specify the distance Select the object Click on the side to place the object

Before

After

Before

After

Offset icon

Before

After

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Trim
To remove a certain part of an object based on other object(s) [pd menu] > Modify > Trim or [Icon Trim]

Before

Cutting edge

After

Part to be removed
Before Cutting edge After Before Cutting edge After

Part to be removed Cutting edge

Part to be removed Cutting edge

Before

Part to be removed

After

Before

Part to be removed

After

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Extend
To extend an object to another selected object [pd menu] > Modify > Extend or [Icon Extend] or command: extend

Steps Active the command Click an object to be the boundary object The the object to be extended The object should extend to the boundary object
Before After Before After

Boundary object Object to extend

Boundary object Object to extend

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Array
Creates multiple copies with a certain pattern and distance 2 types: rectangular and polar
Array icon

Rectangular array
[pd menu] > Modify > Array [icon Array] Array Window will be displayed

Before

After

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Array cont
Rectangular array
Click Select object button Click on object(s) or entity to be copied Press enter Change the value of rows and columns accordingly Type in offset distance and direction

No. of columns No. of rows Select object(s) button

Row offset =1 Column offset =1.5 Angle of array = -30

Distance between objects Angle of array

Arrangement Angle of array preview

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Array cont
[pd menu] > Modify > Array [icon Array]

Polar array

Click on Polar Array Select object(s) Specify center point Select method No.of item & angle to fill No.of item & angle between item Angle to fill & angle between item Specify the required value Click on rotate item as copied check box if required

09 AutoCAD Part 2

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Array cont
No. of item = 8 Angle to fill = 360 Rotate = No Before After No. of item = 6 Angle to fill = -180 Rotate = No Before After

Before No. of item = 8 Angle to fill = 360 Rotate = Yes

After

Demo

09 AutoCAD Part 2

Assignment: How to draw this object in AutoCAD?

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

09 AutoCAD Part 2

Example produce multi-view drawing


60 24 9 R5 18

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

20 18 8 12 R9 R20 9

12

10

09 AutoCAD Part 2

Example produce multi-view drawing

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005