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Kimberly Ann D.

Bagtas DGE1 POLIGOV Assignment #4 1) Differentiate a constitution and a by-law

Friday July 5, 2013

A constitution is a written document containing the foundation control of the government and shows a direct detailed description of organized programs. On the other hand, the by-laws are a set of rules for daily operations of regulated by the constitution. It also includes specific procedure system as well as easily modify in case of any additional guidelines are required. 2) What are the salient features of a constitution and a by-law? The constitution covers the critical elements of the organization. These include the name, purpose, membership, officers and election, meetings, quorum, legislation and amendments. The membership section should include qualifications for members, member duties and member selection. Officers and election should include the names of the official positions, their duties, procedures for appointment and timing and nature of the elections. The article regarding meetings defines the frequency, nature and purpose of the organization's regular meetings, along with procedures for calling emergency or special meetings when needed. Quorum is the number of officers and members required to vote on motions during a meeting. This is frequently a two-thirds majority. The legislation sections define the steps for passing legislation in the organization, while the amendment section outlines requirements to amend the constitution or bylaws.

The bylaws are generally divided into membership, dues, executive board, responsibilities of officers, committees, elections, rules of order, amendments and additional policies and procedures of the organization. In this case, the membership section includes requirements and policies for

selection and expulsion of members, along with rights and responsibilities of the membership. The dues section outlines any fees paid to the organization for the privilege of membership. The executive board denotes the highestranking officers, charged with administering the organization as a whole. This section also denotes their specific duties, powers and positions. The committees section denotes any standing committees, methods for forming new committees and rules regarding the composition and powers of committees. The rules of order section define the parliamentary procedural rules to be used by the organization.

3) What are the salient features of the 1987 constitution? The salient features of the 1987 constitution: a) Reinstitution of a Democratic Government b) Separation of Church and State c) Sovereignty of the people d) Renunciation of war as a national policy e) Supremacy of Civilian authority over the military f) Separation of Powers Source: S1 S2 S3