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GSM 1. GSM working on three bands are 900 MHz 1800 MHz 1900 MHz PCS USA 2.

Uplink frequency 890 915 MHz Down frequency 935 - 960 MHz 3.Mulitiple access techniques used in GSM are FDMA TDMA 4. Data Frequency Used in GSM 25 MHz 5.Toatal Carriers Used in GSM 125 Carriers 6.Each Carrier Frequency in GSM 200KHz 7.Each Carrier data rate 270.8 Kbps 9.Modulation used in GSM GMSK (Gaussian Mean Shift Key) 10. Out of 125 carrier only one carrier called ARFCN and it is not used. Rest of the carriers are used . 11. 124 Carriers are divided to 4 GSM operators 124/4 = 31 carriers per GSM operator. 12.Bursting is the periodical switching. 13. GSM using same set of frequency between 2 cell areas. 14. Any mobile phone served by a cell area called mobile phone. 15. Cell pattern is a Group of cells 16.Cell pattern used in GSM 4 cell pattern 7 cell pattern 12 cell pattern 17. BSNL follows 7 cell pattern. 18. Group of cell is called cluster. 19.We must maintain co channel distance. 20.Carrier separation frequency 0.2MHz 21. GSM PLMN LA CLUSTER CELL 22.PLMN Public land mobile net work.

23. Inter faces used in GSM architecture MS BTS Um Universal media inter face or Air interface BTS BSC A bis BSC MSC A MSC VLR B MSC HLR C HLR VLR D VLR AUC F MSC PSTN ISDN, SMSC, GMSC, MMSC, VMSC are E interface. 24. Functions of a ME are 1.Digitizing 2.Encoding 3.Encrypting 4.Decrypting 5.Error protection ,Error diction & error correction 6.Modulating 7. Handle 6 BTSs simultaneously & process nearest BTS. 8. Handle messages 9. Location updation 10. Analysis the dedicated channel 25. A Mobile set has Mobile Equip & SIM ME has IMEI no. SIM has IMSI no. IMEI has 15 Digit No. IMSI has 15 Digit No with 3 MCC 2 MNC 10 MSISDN 404 37 9444024365 26.Sim has a flash memory with 16 KB or 32 KB 27. SIM have 2 Security code PIN and PUCK 28. Functions of a BTS. O/P H/F TX I/P Filter I/P Filter H/F RX

Slow Freq.


Proce ssing

TX Sys.


29.SFH Slow frequency hopping is the 217 hops/sec changing of the frequency of XN. 30.Functions of BTS? 1.Preform TransRecive functions. 2.Encrypting & decrypting with BSC 3. TransRecivrs allow several frequencies and different sectors. 4.Interface with BSC by BSF (base station control function o&m) 5.Manages operation status of TX. Software handling and alarm collection. 6.Mdulate Layer 1 Um for GMSK or 8PSK

31. BSC v T TC CE E

Terminal control equipment A bis TCE


Digital switch





32 Lucent supports 60 BTS Alcotel 80 BTS per BTS 33.BSC functions. 1.BSC contain allocation of Radio channels 2.Recives measurements from MS 3.BTS to BTS Hand over 4.BTS acts as a concentrator Between BTS to MSC ie low capacity connection 16Kbps to smaller no of connection 64 Kbps High level utilization . 5. Acts as a performance measuring centre. 34. BSC database contains 1.Information of all sites 2.RRM radio resource management 3.Frequency hopping list. 4.Reciving level for call border calculation. 35.Trns coder Unit covert the voice cnannel coding between GSM {RPE-LTP 13kbps ) to CCITT Standard 64 kbps voice into 20ms Blocks 36 MSC perfom voice data fax sms & call divert and it is a sophisticated circuit switching Centre 37. GMSC MSC with HLR connected to PSDN, PSTn, ISDN, IN etc