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AARON Jewish From the given name AARON.

ABRAHAM Jewish, English, Dutch, French Derived from the given name ABRAHAM. ABRAHAMS Jewish, English, Dutch Derived from the given name ABRAHAM. ABRAHAMSON English, Jewish Means "son of ABRAHAM". ABRAMS Jewish, English, Dutch Means "son of ABRAHAM". ADAM English, French, German, Jewish Derived from the given name ADAM. ADAMS English, Jewish Derived from the given name ADAM. AMOS Jewish From the given name AMOS. AMSEL (1) Jewish Derived from the given name Amsl, a variant of ANSELM. AVRAHAM Jewish Variant form of ABRAHAM. BACHMAN Jewish Means "son of life" from the Hebrew ben chayim. BAUM German, Jewish Means "a tree" in German. BAUMANN German, Jewish From Middle High German buman meaning "farmer". BERKOVICH Jewish Means "son of Berko" in Yiddish, derived from Hebrew BARUCH. BERKOWICZ Jewish Variant of BERKOVICH BERKOWITZ Jewish Variant of BERKOVICH BIEBER German, Jewish From Middle High German biber "beaver", German Biber, or Yiddish biber, hence a nickname, possibly a nickname for a hard worker, or from some other fancied resemblance to the animal... [more] BLUM Jewish Means "flower" in German and Yiddish. BLUMENTHAL German, Jewish Derived from German Blumen "flowers" and thal "valley". BLUMSTEIN Jewish, German Means "flower stone" in German. BHMER German, Jewish Variant of BHM BRIEFMAN Jewish Most likely means "brief man". Its origin can be traced back to Israel. CHAIKIN Jewish Metronymic from the Yiddish feminine name Khayke, a diminutive of Khaye meaning "life". COHEN Jewish Means "priest" from Hebrew ) (kohen)... [more] DAVID English, French, Scottish, Jewish, Czech From the given name DAVID. ESPINOSA Spanish, Jewish From the Spanish espinoso, meaning "thorny", ultimately from Latin spna and spnosus, respectively meaning "spine" and "full of spines, spiny"... [more] EZRA Jewish From the given name EZRA. FEIGENBAUM German, Jewish Means "a fig tree" in German. FELD German, Jewish Means "field" in German... [more] FELDT German, Jewish Variant of FELD

FERMI Italian, Jewish Locative surname coming from the town of Fermo in Marche region, not far from Rome... [more] FISHER English, Jewish Cognate of FISCHER. GASS German, Jewish Name for someone who lived on a street in a city, from German gasse. GOLDHIRSCH Jewish Means "golden stag" in Yiddish. GREENBERG German, Jewish Anglicized form of the German surname Grnberg, which is formed from the words grn "green" and Berg "mountain"... [more] GREENSPAN Jewish Anglicized form of German Grnspan which meant "verdigris"... [more] HABER German, Jewish Derived from German Haber "oats"... [more] HAREL Jewish Means in Hebrew "mountain of God". HAYES (3) Yiddish Metronymic from the Yiddish name Khaye "life". HERSCHEL German, Jewish Variant of HIRSCH (1) or HIRSCH (2). HERSHEY Jewish Derived from the name HIRSH. HIRSCH (2) Jewish Derived from the given name HIRSH. HOCHBERG German, Jewish Means "high hill" in German. HOROWITZ German, Jewish From the German name for Horovice, a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. JGER German, Jewish From Middle High German jeger(e) meaning "hunter". JORDAN (2) Jewish Derived from the name of the Jordan river in Israel, which is derived from yarad meaning "descend" or "flow down". KAMINSKI Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, Jewish Name for someone who came from a town called Kamien... [more] KAUFFMANN German, Jewish Variant of KAUFMAN KAUFMAN German, Jewish Means "merchant" in German. KLEID German, Jewish Occupational name for a tailor, from German Kleid "garment, clothing". KLEIN German, Dutch, Jewish Means "little" from German klein or Yiddish kleyn... [more] KRAKOWSKI Polish, Jewish Habitational name for a person of the city of Krakw in southern Poland. KRAMER German, Jewish Variant of KRMER. KRANTZ Jewish, German, Dutch Variant of KRANZ KRAVITZ Jewish Occupational name meaning "tailor" (from Polish krawiec)... [more] LANDAU German, Jewish Derived from the German town of Landau, which meant "land valley". LANGER German, Jewish German form of LONG. LEHRER German, Jewish German surname meaning "teacher". LEVI Jewish From the given name LEVI. LEVINE Jewish Derived from the given name LEVI.

LOWE (1) Jewish Germanized variant of LEVI MAIER German, Jewish Variant of MEYER (1). MAKSIMOV Russian, Jewish, Bulgarian Means "son of MAKSIM". MANDEL German, Jewish Variant of MENDEL; also means "an almond" in German. MANDELBAUM German, Jewish Means "an almond tree" in German. MARKOVIC Russian, Jewish, Serbian Means "son of MARKO". MATOS Portuguese, Jewish Means "dweller by a plantation of trees" from the Old Spanish mata... [more] MAYER (2) Jewish From Hebrew meir which means "enlightened". MEIER German, Jewish Variant of MEYER (1). MEIR Jewish Variant of MAYER (2). MENCHER Polish, Jewish Occupational surname for a miller or flour dealer (derived from Polish maczarz). MENDEL Jewish, German Derived from the given name MENDEL. MENDELSOHN Jewish, German Means "son of MENDEL". MENDELSSOHN Jewish, German Means "son of MENDEL". MEYER (2) Jewish Variant of MAYER (2). MOSES Jewish, English Derived from the given name MOSES. NEUMAN Jewish, German Variant of NEUMANN NOVAK Czech, Polish, Slovak, Slovene, Jewish Derived from Slavic novy "new", originally a name for someone who was new to a village. NUSSBAUM German, Jewish Means "nut tree" from the Germanic words nu meaning "nut" and baum meaning "tree". NUSSENBAUM German, Jewish Variant of NUSSBAUM ORENSTEIN Yiddish Means "horn stone". STBERG Swedish, Jewish Means "mountain (or hill) in the east" from Swedish st "east" and berg "mountain", "hill". PASCAL French, Jewish Derived from the given name PASCAL. PASTERNACK Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, Jewish The name translates literally as "white turnip" or "parsnip". PASTERNAK Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, Jewish Variant of PASTERNACK... [more] PENSAK Yiddish Variant of PENZIG PENZAG Yiddish Variant of PENZIG PENZAK Yiddish Variant of PENZIG PENZIG German, Yiddish Denotes a person who comes from Penzig, the German name for Piesk, a town in southwest Poland... [more] PENZIK Yiddish Variant of PENZIG

PONTECORVO Italian, Jewish From the name of a village near Rome, where an Israeli community settled centuries ago. PRINZ German, Jewish Means "prince", used as an ornamental surname by Jews or as a nickname for someone who acted in a princely manner. RAPP (2) German, Jewish Means "dark haired" or "raven-like". REGENBOGEN German, Jewish From the German word meaning "rainbow". REIS Jewish Ornamental name from German Reis, meaning "twig" or "branch". REUTER (1) German, Jewish Means "dweller in a clearing" or "clearer of woodland" from the Middle High German riute. REUTER (2) German, Jewish Means "highwayman" from the Middle High German riutre. RIESE German, Jewish Means "giant" from German Riese. ROSE (1) English, French, German, Scottish, Jewish Means "rose" from the Middle English, Old French and Middle High German rose... [more] ROSENBERG German, Jewish Means "mountain of roses" in German. ROSENBERGER German, Jewish Variant of ROSENBERG ROSENFELD German, Jewish Means "field of roses" in German. ROT German, Jewish Variant of ROTH ROTH German, Jewish From Middle High German rot meaning "red"... [more] ROTHENBERG German, Jewish Means "red mountain" from the German rot meaning "red" and berg meaning "mountain". ROTHSCHILD German, Jewish Means "red shield, sign" from the German rot "red" and the German or Yiddish s(c)hild "sign, shield"... [more] SALOMON English, French, Italian, German, Danish, Norwegian, Polish, Jewish, Hungarian Derived from the given name SALOMON. SAMSON English, French, German, Jewish, Dutch Derived from the name SAMSON. SAMUEL English, French, German, Jewish Derived from the given name SAMUEL. SCHEINBERG German, Jewish Means "lovely, beautiful mountain" from the German schn "fine, beautiful" and berg meaning "mountain". SCHENCK German, Dutch, Jewish From Middle High German, Middle Dutch schenke meaning "wine server" (from Old High German scenken "to pour out")... [more] SCHINDLER German, Jewish Means "shingler, roof tiler"... [more] SCHNEIDER (2) German, Jewish Means "tailor" from the German schneider or Yiddish shnayder... [more] SCHNUR German, Jewish Means "rope maker" from the German schnur or Yiddish shnur. SCHREIER German, Jewish German and Yiddish word that means "screamer" or "shrieker" or "crier", perhaps an occupational name for a town crier... [more] SCHWARZ German, Jewish From Middle High German swarz meaning "black"... [more] SEELENFREUND German, Jewish Middle High German vriunt, modern German freund, meaning "friend" and modern German seele, meaning "soul". SEGAL (1) Jewish Acronym of the Hebrew phrase SeGan Levia meaning "second rank Levite".

SEIDEL German, Jewish From the German word seidel meaning "beer mug". SHAFIR Jewish Ornamental surname meaning "sapphire" from the Yiddish shafir. SHAIN Jewish Ornamental surname meaning "beautiful, handsome" from the German schn. SHAPIRO Jewish From Hebrew shapir which means "pretty, lovely". SHEINFELD German, Jewish Means "lovely, beautiful field" from the German schn "fine, beautiful" and feld meaning "field". SHERMAN (2) Jewish Means "tailor" in Yiddish, derived from sher "scissors". SIEGEL (3) Jewish Variant of SEGAL (1). SILVERSTEIN German, Jewish Means "silver stone" from German Silber and Stein... [more] SIMON Czech, Dutch, English, French, German, Hungarian, Jewish Derived from the Hebrew given name SIMON. SINASOHN German, Jewish Variant of SINASON SISKIN German, Jewish Means "sweet child" from the words suess meaning "sweet" and kind meaning "child". SISKIND German, Jewish Variant of SISKIN SITZ (1) German, Jewish Derived from a given name beginning with the Germanic element sigi meaning "victory". SITZ (2) German, Jewish Means "house owner" from the Middle High German siz "seat, domicile". SOBOL Polish, Jewish Derived from either the Polish sobol meaning "marten" or the Old High German zobel meaning "sable". SOKOL Czech, Jewish Means "falcon" from the Slavic sokol... [more] SOKOLL Jewish Variant of SOKOL SOKOLOF Polish, Jewish Means "son of SOKOL". SOKOLOFF Polish, Bulgarian, Russian, Jewish Means "son of SOKOL". SOKOLSKY Polish, Jewish Means "of SOKOL". SOLOMON French, Jewish Variant of SALOMON SPITZNOGLE German, Jewish Means "sharp nail" in German. STEIN German, Jewish From the Old High German word stein meaning "stone"... [more] STOLARZ Polish, Jewish Occupational name meaning "joiner" from Polish stolarz. STUECK German, Jewish Means "piece, part" from the Middle High German stuck. SUESS German, Jewish From a Jewish ornamental name from the Middle High German sss "sweet". TOBIAS English, French, German, Jewish From the given name TOBIAS. TOLEDANO Jewish Derived from the name of the city of Toledo, during the banishing of the Jews of Spain into Morroco and Africa, they kept their last names which signify the city of origin in Spain. VANG (2) Yiddish Variant of WANG (4) VENETIANER German, Italian, Jewish Probably one of the few surnames with an unique known ancestor - Alexsandor Vinazie, a Jewish man who

possibly emigrated from Venice to the town of Liptovsky Mikulas in a region which today is known as the Slovak Republic... [more] WALDFOGEL German, Jewish Means "forest bird"... [more] WALDVOGEL German, Jewish Variant spelling of WALDFOGEL. WALLACH Yiddish From Middle High German walhe, walch "foreigner from a Romance country", probably a nickname for someone from Italy. WANG (4) Yiddish Nickname for a Jew from Hungary, ultimately from Russian Vengria "Hungary". WARD (3) Yiddish Adopted by bearers of Yiddish surnames like WARSZAWSKI or WARSHAWSKY that start with a similar sound to the English name Ward. WARSHAWSKY Yiddish Yiddish or American spelling of WARSZAWSKI. WECHSLER German, Jewish Means "money changer, banker" from the German word Geldwechsler "money changer". WEXLER German, Jewish Variant of WECHSLER WIRTH German, Jewish Means "innkeeper" from the German Wirt "host". WOLFF German, Norwegian, Jewish Variant of WOLF ZILBERSCHLAG German, Jewish Occupational surname for a silversmith from Yiddish zilber "silver" and schlag "strike". ZIMMAN Jewish Assigned to families migrating via Ellis Island in the early part of the 20th century... [more] ZIMMERMANN German, Jewish From the German word for "carpenter", derived from Middle High German zimber "timber, wood" and mann "man". ZINGEL Jewish From Middle High German zingel "defensive wall"... [more]