Bab

2

Chapter

Sel sebagai Unit Asas Hidupan
ISTILAH • Organisasi sel – Cell organisation • Selulosa – Cellulose • Klorofil – Chlorophyll • Kloroplas – Chloroplast • Sitoplasma – Cytoplasm • Organisma multisel – Multicellular organism • Nukleus – Nucleus • Organisma unisel – Unicellular organism • Vakuol – Vacuole

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Cell as a Unit of Life

Konsep

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The

BIG Picture!

WORD • Cell organisation – Organisasi sel • Cellulose – Selulosa • Chlorophyll – Klorofil • Chloroplast – Kloroplas • Cytoplasm – Sitoplasma • Multicellular organism – Organisma multisel • Nucleus – Nukleus • Unicellular organism – Organisma unisel • Vacuole – Vakuol

UP!

CHAPTER

2

Soalan Tahun-tahun Lepas PMR
Tahun 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Kertas 1 S2 S2, S3 S3, S4 S2, S3 S3 S1 Kertas 2 Bhg. A S1 S7 Bhg. B

PMR Past-year Questions
Year 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Paper 1 Q2 Q2, Q3 Q3, Q4 Q2, Q3 Q3 Q7 Paper 2 Sec. A Q1 Q7 Sec. B

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F1MR-ch2(23-34).indd 23

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penutup kaca. clip 3 Place the slide onto the stage diaphragm and ensure that the specimen is mirror in the centre of the aperture. objective lens 2 Adjust the mirror to allow maximum light to fall onto the stage mirror and reflect into the slide microscope tube. p. then on 1 3 and label the structure 4 high 2magnification.1 1. Q. bawang Membandingkan (a)bagi sel pipi dan (b) sel epidermis Pencungkil gigi. forceps To observe the structure of cheek cells eye lens CHAPTER BAB A A 1 CHAPTER 2 1 BAB ✓ pelaras kasar pelaras halus kanta objek pentas slaid klip diafragma cermin Objektif Pembelajaran 1. cover slips.indd 24 7/22/10 10:30:38 AM . 3 Titiskan setitik larutan metilena biru di atas slaid. Conical flask Burette Gas jar Tripod stand 3 Add a drop of blue methylene solution to the smear. first on low magnification. 5 Bersihkan dan keringkan larutan sekeliling kaca penutup dengan menggunakan kertas turas. Place a 5Boiling mm piece onion leaf onConical a clean slide. forsep Memerhati struktur sel pipi kanta mata Manual penggunaan mikroskop 1 Letakkan mikroskop ✓ berhadapan dengan sumber cahaya. S T U (P: Cell wall Q: Cell membrance R: Chloroplast S: Cytoplasm T: Vacuole U: Nucleus) 24 24 F1MR-ch2(23-34). (Nucleus and cytoplasm) P Q R (X: Cell membrane Y: Nucleus Z: Cytoplasm) 7 Label structures P.2 HP PROCEDURE Test tube 2 6 Silinder penyukat 2.1 1. Y and Z for the animal cell below.1 LO • • 1. slides. R. 7 9 10spesimen supaya Dengan perlahan-lahan. Slowly slide the cover slip Test tube Pipette Glass trough Filter funnel to cover the specimen without trapping any air bubbles. 4 Pusingkan skru pelaras untuk memfokuskan spesimen. dropper. 36–37. razor blade.1 PERBINCANGAN 1. Microscope.1 LO •• Identify Explainthe the importance of science in everyday general structures of animal cells and life plant cells •• Draw general structures of you an animal cell and a to plant cell Makethe a list of things around that are related • Label the general structures of an animal cell and a science plant cell 24 2 State the function of each cell structure State the similarities and differences between an animal cell and a plant cell • Use some common scientific apparatus in the Refer to Essential Science Form 1.1 ✓ BAHAN RADAS BAHAGIAN Eksperimen Aktiviti PEKA 2. 4 Adjust the coarse focus control Learning Objective to focus on the specimen. Laboratory Activities laboratory 2. T and U for the plant cell below.1 Learning Learning Objective Objective 2. S. Aktiviti Makmal 2. larutan metilena biru. turunkan kaca untuk menutupi spesimen supaya Tabung didih Bikar Rod penutup kaca Kelalang dasar bulat tiada gelembung udara terperangkap. filter paper. diikuti dengan kuasa pembesaran yang lebih tinggi. SECTION 1. 2 Spread the scrapings onto a clean slide. pisau cukur. 5 Clear and dry up any solution on the slide and around the cover slip with a filter paper.1 HP •• • • Corong tisel Measuring cylinder Thistle funnel Mengenal pasti bahawa sel adalah unit asas hidupan Menyediakan slaid mengikut langkah yang betul Menggunakan mikroskop dengan betul Menerangkan kepentingan dalam kehidupan Mengenal pasti struktur sains am sel haiwan dan harian sel Menyenaraikan perkara di sekeliling anda yang berkaitan tumbuhan dengan Melukis sains struktur am sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan 24 2 Melabel struktur am sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan Menyatakan fungsi setiap struktur sel Menyatakan persamaan dan perbezaan antara sel • Menggunakan radas saintifik yang umum dalam haiwan dan sel tumbuhan makmal Rujuk kepada Essential Science Form 1.2 Knowing the safety percautions and apparatus in a science laboratory base coarse focus control ✓ 2 PROSEDUR Laboratory apparatus and their uses Contextual MINDRobics B To observe the structure of epidermal cells of an onion 1 Peel off an epidermal layer of the leaf from an onion with a razor blade and forceps. 1 2 3 4 5 BAHAGIAN B Memerhati struktur sel epidermis bawang 1 Using the blunt end of a clean toothpick. iodine solution • Ensure that the APPARATUS SECTION toothpick is clean. AIM To compare the structure of (a) cheek cells and (b) epidermal cells of an onion ✓ ✓ SMS MATERIALS Toothpick. 4 Place to the solution 9 on the slide. Lukis dan labelkan sel bawang pada ruang yang disediakan. Round-bottomed flask Boiling tube Beaker Glass rod 4 Place a cover slip at an angle to the solution on the slide. X Y Z INQUIRY 1 What is the basic unit of life? (Cell) 2 Name two structures found in plant cells but not in animal cells.2 DISCUSSION Activity 6 Label structures X. blue methylene solution.2 LO 6 1 Kupas satu lapisan epidermis daripada kulit suatu bawang dengan menggunakan pisau cukur dan forsep. (Amoeba and Paramecium) 5 State two structures of cell that make up the cell protoplasm.in the table below.2 PROCEDURE DISCUSSION Activity ✓ Microscope operating manual 1 Place the microscope with its fine focus control mirror facing a light source. 6 Perhatikan sel bawang di bawah mikroskop dengan menggunakan kuasa pembesaran rendah.1 Experiment PEKA Understanding cells 2. Pipette Burette Round-bottomed flask 2. 6 Examine the onion cell under the microscope. hlm. Lukis dan label sel pipi pada ruang yang disediakan. Preparing cell slides. 28 2. then on high magnification. Draw and label the structure of the onion cell in the space provided. carefully scrape some cells from the inside Name the laboratory apparatus of your cheek. KMS • Pastikan pencungkil gigi bersih Mark (✓) in the boxes provided the natural phenomena. 4 Letakkan satu penutup kaca pada satu sudut kepada larutan di atas sisip kaca. 1.2.1 & 2. first on low magnification.2 Mengetahui langkah-langkah keselamatan dan radas dalam makmal sains tapak Kontekstual PERBINCANGAN 1. Silinder dawai sekeliling Mangkuk pijar Corong tisel 6 Perhatikan pipi di bawah Mangkuk mikroskop dengan menggunakan kuasa pembesaran Kelalang volumetri sel Kaki retort penyejat Penunu Bunsen rendah. Essential Science PMR.1 Experiment INQUIRY DISCUSSION Cell as a and basic unit of animals and plants Science natural phenomena Inquiry-discovery Contextual Cell as a Unit of Life Chapter 2 TUJUAN Tandakan (✓) dalam petak yang struktur disediakan fenomena semula jadi. penitis. Namakan radas2makmal dalam jadual di bawah. Slowly 10 slide the cover slip 7 a cover slip at an angle 8 to cover the specimen without trapping any air bubbles. 8 turunkan penutup kaca untuk menutupi tiada gelembung udara terperangkap. Kelalang kon Buret gas sudut kepada Tungku kaki Dengan perlahan-lahan. Essential Science PMR. hlm. Preparing cell slides. diikuti dengan kuasa pembesaran yang lebih tinggi. 2 Letakkan potongan kulit bawang kira-kira sebesar 5 mm di atas slaid yang bersih. 28 2. Aktiviti Radas makmal dan kegunaannya MINDRobics Palitkan pencungkil gigi tersebut di atas sekeping slaid yang bersih. 36–37. Measuring cylinder Wire gauze Crucible Thistle 5 Clear and dry up any solution on the slide and around thefunnel cover slip with a filter Volumetric flask Retort stand Evaporating dish Bunsen burner paper. 4 Letakkan satu penutup kaca Balang pada satu larutan ditiga atas sisip kaca. (Cell wall and chloroplast) 3 Why plant cell has a fixed shape? (Plant cell has a cell wall) 4 State two animal cells that contain vacuole. tube of the epidermal Beaker flask Volumetric flask 3 Add two drops of iodine solution to the epidermal onion leaf. p.Objektif Pembelajaran Pembelajaran Objektif Chapter 2 Cell as a Unit of Life INKUIRI 2. Tabung uji Pipet Takung kaca Corong turas 5 penyukat Bersihkan danKasa keringkan kaca penutup dengan menggunakan kertas turas.1 HP • • • 1. Pipet Buret Kelalang dasar bulat 2. Tabung uji3 TitiskanTabung didih Bikar Kelalang kon Kelalang volumetri dua titik larutan iodin di atasnya dengan menggunakan penitis. Draw of the cheek5cell in the space provided. 3 Letakkan slaid di atas pentas dan pastikan spesimen berada di tengah lubang. 6 Examine the cheek cells under the microscope.2 PROSEDUR 1 Ambil sebatang pencungkil gigi dan kikis bahagian dalam pipi anda dengan berhati-hati. sisip kaca.2.1 Understanding Understanding cells that science is part of everyday life Inkuiri-penemuan Kontekstual Sel sebagai unit asas haiwan dan tumbuhan Sains dan fenomena semula jadi Activity PEKA 2. larutan ✓ iodin Mikroskop.1 LO • Identify that cell is the basic unit of living things • Prepare slides following the proper procedures • Use a microscope properly 1. 2 Laraskan cermin sehingga cahaya paling cerah dapat dilihat menerusi mikroskop. kertas turas.1 & 2.1 Memahami Memahami sains sel adalah sebahagian daripada kehidupan harian 1.1 2.1 HP • • • 1.

PEMERHATIAN membran sel sitoplasma dinding sel vakuol membran sel sitoplasma OBSERVATION cell membrane cytoplasm nucleus cell wall vacuole cell membrane cytoplasm Chapter 2 Cell as a Unit of Life Chapter 2 Cell as a Unit of Life nukleus nukleus nucleus Sel pipi Sel epidermis bawang E1C1 E1C6 Cheek cell Epidermal cell of onion E1C1 E1C6 ANALISIS ANALYSIS 1 Sel yang manakah mempunyai bentuk yang tetap. tandakan (✓) pada struktur yang boleh ditemui pada sel pipi dan sel epidermis bawang. 6 Name two low level animals that contain vacuole. determine the type of cell (animal cell or plant cell). the cheek cell (animal cell) or the epidermal cell E1C8 of onion (plant cell)? The epidermal cell of onion 2 What causes the shape of a cheek cell to be different from the shape of an onion’s epidermal cell? TSTS cell wall The cheek cell does not have a as do the cells of • Comparing and contrasting plants like the onion. Struktur sel Sel pipi (sel haiwan) ✓ ✓ ✓ Sel epidermis bawang (sel tumbuhan) ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ 4 Study the cheek cell (animal cell) and the epidermal cell (plant cell) drawn above. 2 Apakah yang menyebabkan bentuk sel pipi berbeza daripada bentuk sel epidermis bawang? KBSB dinding sel Sel pipi tidak mempunyai seperti yang terdapat • Membandingkan dan pada sel epidermis bawang. sel pipi (sel haiwan) atau sel E1C8 epidermis bawang (sel tumbuhan)? Sel epidermis bawang .indd 25 7/22/10 10:30:38 AM . (a) A cell has a cell wall.4 DISCUSSION Activity 25 25 F1MR-ch2(23-34). (Plant cell) (b) A cell has a chloroplast. Ameba dan paramesium KESIMPULAN 1 Sel ialah unit asas nukleus dan Protoplasm is the part of cell that consists of cytoplasm . tick (✓) the structures that can be found in the cheek cell and the epidermal cell of onion. and bagi benda hidup. 2 Animal and plant cells have a few differences . membezakan 3 Kelaskan sel-sel yang diperhatikan kepada sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan. (Plant cells contain chloroplast/chlorophyll) DISCUSSION Activity 8 Based on the given descriptions. Sel haiwan Sel pipi Sel tumbuhan Sel bawang E1C2 1 Which of the cells has a fixed shape. (Controls all activities in the cell) 10 State the function of a cell membrane. persamaan dan 2 Sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan mempunyai beberapa perbezaan . CHAPTER BAB 2 E1 C 1 2 6 8 S 2 E1 C 1 2 6 8 S 3 Classify the observed cells into animal cell and plant cell. (Animal cell) 9 State the function of a nucleus. (Protects the cell) 11 What is the function of a cell wall? (Maintains the shape of the cell/Protects the cell) 2. Amoeba and Paramecium CONCLUSION 1 A cell is a basic unit of life. Then. Animal cell Cheek cell Plant cell Onion cell E1C2 KPS • Mengelaskan SPS • Classifying 4 Kaji sel pipi (sel haiwan) dan sel epidermis bawang (sel tumbuhan) yang dilukis di atas. similarities and 25 2.3 25 12 What is the structure of a cell that contains chlorophyll to carry out photosynthesis? (Chloroplast) 13 Explain why plant cells can carry out photosynthesis. Cell structure Nucleus Cytoplasm Cell membrane Cell wall Vacuole 5 What is cell protoplasm? Cheek cell (animal cell) ✓ ✓ ✓ Epidermal cell (plant cell) ✓ MINDRobics MINDRobics Nukleus Sitoplasma Membran sel Dinding sel Vakuol 5 Apakah protoplasma sel? ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ nucleus Protoplasma sel adalah bahagian sel yang terdiri daripada sitoplasma . Kemudian. (Plant cell) (a) A cell has a cell membrane but does not have a fixed shape. 6 Namakan dua haiwan peringkat rendah yang mengandungi vakuol.

indd 26 BAB 2 (c) Sitoplasma 2 (c) Cytoplasm 2 Bulatkan organisma yang mempunyai struktur sel seperti yang ditunjukkan di bawah. S1(a) 2005 Sec. tapak sulaiman mukor lumut starfish Mucor moss arnab paku pakis helang rabbit fern eagle 2.2 PERBINCANGAN Aktiviti Struktur sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan Masteri 2.2 DISCUSSION Activity Structures of animal and plant cells Mastery 2005 Bhg.2 LO • Label animal cell and plant cell 26 26 7/22/10 10:30:38 AM . Cell wall Chloroplast Nucleus Cytoplasm Vacuole Cell membrane (d) Dinding sel (a) Membran sel (e) Membran sel (f) Kloroplas (b) Nukleus (g) Vakuol (h) Sitoplasma Sel haiwan Sel tumbuhan (i) Nukleus (d) Cell wall (a) Cell membrane (e) Cell membrane (f) Chloroplast (b) Nucleus (g) Vacuole (h) Cytoplasm Animal cell Plant cell (i) Nucleus CHAPTER F1MR-ch2(23-34).2. 2 Circle the organisms which have the cell structure as shown below.2 HP • Label sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan 2. A. A. Q1(a) 1 Label rajah sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan yang berikut. Dinding sel Kloroplas Nukleus Sitoplasma Vakuol Membran sel 1 Label the following diagrams of animal and plant cells.

A.4 PERBINCANGAN Aktiviti Fungsi struktur dalaman sel Konstruktivisme 2.4 DISCUSSION Activity Functions of the internal structures of a cell Constructivism Padankan struktur sel kepada fungsinya. Function of cell Cell wall Cell membrane Vacuole Cytoplasm Chloroplast Nucleus Plant cell 2005 Sec.3 LO • State the similarities and differences between animal and plant cells 2.4 HP • Menyatakan fungsi setiap struktur sel 27 2. except in lower level animals Tiada Berubah-ubah Tiada.4 LO • State the function of each cell structure 27 F1MR-ch2(23-34). A. Compare and contrast between a plant cell and an animal cell.indd 27 7/22/10 10:30:38 AM . Persamaan Similarity Mempunyai nukleus Has a nucleus Mempunyai membran sel Has cell membrane Sel tumbuhan Mempunyai sitoplasma Perbezaan Ada Ada Tetap Ada Dinding sel Kloroplas Bentuk sel Vakuol Tiada Sel haiwan Plant cell BAB Has cytoplasm Difference Animal cell CHAPTER 2 2 Present Present Cell wall Chloroplast Cell shape Vacuole Absent Absent Changes Absent. kecuali dalam haiwan peringkat rendah Fixed Present 2.2. S1(b) Match the cell structures to the given functions.3 PERBINCANGAN Aktiviti Perbandingan antara sel tumbuhan dengan sel haiwan Masteri 2.3 HP • Menyatakan persamaan dan perbezaan antara sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan 2.3 DISCUSSION Activity Comparison between plant cells and animal cells Mastery Bandingkan dan bezakan antara sel tumbuhan dengan sel haiwan. Q1(b) Mengandungi sap sel yang berisi glukosa dan garam mineral yang terlarut Melindungi dan memberi bentuk kepada sel Mengawal keluar dan masuk semua kandungan bahan sel/melindungi sel Mengawal semua aktiviti sel Tempat berlakunya proses-proses kimia Mengandungi pigmen klorofil yang menyerap cahaya matahari untuk membuat makanan Contains cell sap which is filled with dissolved glucose and mineral salt Protects and gives shape to the cell Controls the exit from and entry of materials into the cell/protects the cell Controls all activities in the cell The place where chemical processes occur Contains chlorophyll which absorbs sunlight to make food 2. Fungsi sel Dinding sel Membran sel Vakuol Sitoplasma Kloroplas Nukleus Sel tumbuhan 2005 Bhg.

5 PERBINCANGAN 1.5 the meaning of unicellular and • organisms Make a list of things around you that are related to science 2 28 1. mark (✓) in the boxes provided the unicellular organisms. Kaji gambar-gambar itu dan namakan organisma makmal dan petak kegunaannya itu. glass cover.1 sains adalahunisel sebahagian daripada multisel kehidupan harian 2. Essential Science PMR. KESIMPULAN Silinder penyukat Air kolam mengandungi pelbagai organisma Pipet Buret unisel Kelalang dasar bulat dan multisel Corong tisel .2 Mengetahui langkah-langkah keselamatan dan radas dalam makmal sains Paramecium ANALYSIS Amoeba Learning Objective Spirogyra Chlamydomonas ✓ Namakan radas makmal dalam jadual di ✓ bawah.5 2. microscope. TUJUAN Memerhati organisma unisel dan organisma multisel Air kolam Sisip kaca. Unicellular and multicellular Organisms.indd 28 7/22/10 10:30:38 AM . 3 Namakan beberapa organisma yang diperhatikan.5 HP HP •• Menerangkan Menyatakan maksud organisma • Menyenaraikan perkara di sekeliling anda yang berkaitan organisma multisel dengan sains 2 28 1.2 PERBINCANGAN 1Aktiviti Anda diberi foto organisma di atas. Unicellular and Multicellular Organisms.2 LO Refer • Useto some common scientific apparatus in the Essential Science Form 1.3.1 Understanding unicellular that science is part of everyday life Organisma unisel dan organisma Sains dan fenomena semula jadi multisel Inkuiri-penemuan Kontekstual 2.1 LO LO • • State Explain the importance of science in multicellular everyday life 2. (Multicellular organisms) (e) (f) (g) DISCUSSION (Euglena) (Mucor) (Yeast) 28 28 F1MR-ch2(23-34). Kelalang kon Tabung didih Tabung uji Silinder penyukat Kelalang volumetri Ameba 1 2 1. Conical flask Boiling tube Test tube Measuring cylinder Volumetric flask Amoeba 1 1. Aktiviti makmal Makmal 2. Kemudian. 41. ✓ Spirogyra Chlamydomonas ✓ Paramecium Amoeba 1 1 PEMERHATIAN BAB CHAPTER OBSERVATION 2 2 Paramesium ANALISIS Ameba Spirogira Klamidomonas Objektif Pembelajaran 1. 30 1. 2 Perhatikan air kolam itu di bawah kuasa rendah mikroskop. mikroskop.2 HP • Menggunakan radas saintifik yang umum dalam Rujuk kepada Essential Science Form 1.2Memahami Memahami organisma dan organisma 2. hlm. p.2 2.2 and multicellular organisms 1.6 Experiment Understanding unicellular and multicellular organisms INQUIRY Activity 4 Name the following organisms. hlm. penitis 1 Titiskan setitik air kolam ke atas sisip kaca yang bersih. p. Study the photos and name the DISCUSSION organisms. Microorganisms 3 State the meaning of the following organisms.2 Knowing the safety percautions and apparatus in a science laboratory 1 You are given the photos of the above organisms.2 1. 30 2. (a) Unicellular organisms Organisms which consist of only Organisms which consist of many than one cell or9 unicellular Beaker Conical flask one cell (a) Organisma unisel 7 8 (b) Organisma multisel Tabung didih 6 Organisma yang terdiri daripada sel sahaja 9 Bikar Kelalang kon Kelalang volumetri satu Test tube 10 lebih sel 6 CONCLUSION (b) Multicellular organisms 7 Boiling tube Volumetric flask more 8 cells 10 Organisma yang terdiri daripada banyak daripada satu sel atau Pond water contains many and multicellular organisms. 3 Name some of the organisms seen. 41. Laboratory apparatus and their uses Activity Contextual ✓ MINDRobics Buret Balang gas Tungku kaki tiga Bikar Rod kaca Kelalang dasar bulat Pipet Takung kaca Corong turas Kasa dawai Mangkuk pijar Corong tisel Kaki retortParamesium Mangkuk penyejat Penunu Bunsen Spirogira Klamidomonas 3 4 5 Burette Gas jar Tripod stand Beaker Glass rod Round-bottomed flask Pipette Glass trough Filter funnel Wire gauze Crucible Thistle funnel Retort stand Evaporating dishSpirogyra Bunsen burnerChlamydomonas Paramecium MINDRobics 2 Apakah nama yang diberi kepada organisma seni yang tidak dapat dilihat dengan mata kasar? Mikroorganisma 3 Nyatakan maksud organisma yang berikut. Laboratory Activity laboratory 2. Then.1 kepentingan sains unisel dalam dan kehidupan harian 2. penutup kaca. (Unicellular organisms) 3 Name the living things that made up of many cells.1 ✓ BAHAN RADAS PROSEDUR BAB Eksperimen Aktiviti 1. 2 Observe the pond water under a low power microscope. dropper ✓ 1 Put a drop of pond water on a clean slide. Essential Science PMR. (a) (b) (Amoeba) (Spirogyra) (c) (Paramecium) (d) (Chlamydomonas) 1 Name the tiny organisms that only can be seen through a microscope.1 INQUIRY DISCUSSION Experiment Activity Unicellular and multicellular organisms Science and natural phenomena Inquiry-discovery Contextual Cell as a Unit of Life Chapter 2 Tandakan (✓) dalam petak yang disediakan bagi fenomena semula jadi.3. Spirogira ✓ Klamidomonas Paramesium ✓ Ameba ✓ CHAPTER Mark (✓) in the boxes provided the natural phenomena. Tabung uji 2 the minute organisms 3 which cannot be 4 5 2 Name seen with the naked eye. Kontekstual ✓ ✓ ✓ Name the laboratory apparatus in the table below.Radas tandakan (✓) dalam yang diberi bagi organisma unisel.5 1. AIM To observe unicellular and multicellular organisms ✓ MATERIALS Pond water APPARATUS PROCEDURE Slide.Objektif ObjektifPembelajaran Pembelajaran Learning Objective Chapter 2 Cell as a Unit of Life INKUIRI 2. Measuring cylinder Pipette Burette Round-bottomed flask Thistle funnel 1. (Microorganisms) 2 Name the living things that have only one cell.

Spirogira Tabung uji Tabung didih Kumpulan 1 Bikar Kelalang Kumpulan kon Kelalang volumetri 2 6 Ciri sepunya 7 8 sel Terdiri daripada satu 9 Terdiri daripada10 banyak sel Common characteristics 6 Test tube Group Boiling tube 1 Beaker Group Conical flask 9 2 Volumetric flask 7 Consists of one cell 8 Consists of many 10 cells Nama organisma Silinder penyukat Ameba Paramesium Klamidomonas Pipet Buret Mukor Hidra Spirogira Kelalang dasar bulat Corong tisel 1. (a) Mucor (Plant cell) (b) Amoeba (Animal cell) (c) Paramecium (Animal cell) (d) Spirogyra (Plant cell) (e) Chlamydomonas (Plant cell) 6 State whether the following organisms are a unicellular organism or a multicellular organism.1 LO• • Explain the importance of scienceand in everyday life 2.Chapter 2 Cell as a Unit of Life 2.2 HP • Menggunakan radas saintifik yang umum dalam makmal Name of organisms Measuring cylinder Amoeba Paramecium Chlamydomonas Pipette Burette Mucor Hydra Spirogyra Round-bottomed flask Thistle funnel 1.6 LO Give examples of unicellular multicellular • Make a list of things around you that are related to organisms science 2 29 1.1 PERBINCANGAN ✓ BAB Objektif Pembelajaran Aktiviti 1. B.indd 29 7/22/10 10:30:39 AM . 3 4 5 Amoeba. Aktiviti Terdiri daripada satu seldan kegunaannya Radas makmal Ameba: 1. Hidra. (b) di atas berdasarkan ciri Namakan organisma bagi setiap kumpulan itu.6 1. Chlamydomonas. organisma tersebut.2 one Knowing the safety percautions and apparatus in a science laboratory Consists of cell Amoeba: DISCUSSION Laboratory apparatus and their uses Consists of many cells Activity Mucor: 1. ✓ Amoeba ✓ Mucor ✓ Paramecium CHAPTER 1 1 Ameba ✓ Mukor ✓ Paramesium BAB 2 2 Chlamydomonas Klamidomonas Hidra Objektif Pembelajaran Hydra Spirogyra Spirogira (a) State one characteristic of the Learning organisms. Name the laboratory apparatus in the table Paramecium : ConsistsBurette of one cell Conical flask Gas jar Tripod stand Chlamydomonas : Boiling tube ConsistsBeaker Glass rod Round-bottomed flask of many cells Hydra : tube Test Pipette Glass trough Filter funnel ConsistsWire of many cells Crucible Measuring cylinder gauze Thistle funnel Spirogyra : Volumetric flask Retort stand Evaporating dish Bunsen burner (b) Classify the organisms above into two groups based on common characteristics.1HP HP • • Memberi Menerangkan kepentingan sains dalam kehidupan harian 2. B. Objective 1.1 Memahami sains adalah sebahagian daripadadan kehidupan harian Pengelasan organisma unisel multisel PERBINCANGAN Aktiviti Sains dan fenomena semula jadi Masteri Kontekstual 2007 Bhg. Observe the organisms.1 ✓ CHAPTER DISCUSSION Activity DISCUSSION Activity 1. Paramesium. ✓ The diagram shows a few types of organisms. Mucor. Terdiri daripada satu sel Paramesium: Kelalang kon Buret Balang gas daripada satu sel Tabung didih TerdiriBikar Rod kaca Klamodomonas: Tabung uji Pipet kaca Terdiri daripada banyakTakung sel Hidra: Silinder penyukat Kasa dawai Mangkuk pijar Kelalang volumetri retort penyejat TerdiriKaki daripada banyakMangkuk sel Spirogira: 1. Ameba. fenomena semula jadi.1 Understanding that is part of everyday life Classification ofscience unicellular and multicellular organisms Science and natural phenomena Learning Objective Mastery Contextual 2007 Sec. (Spirogyra consists of many cells and contains chloroplast) 29 29 F1MR-ch2(23-34). Paramecium. Hydra.2 Mengetahui langkah-langkah keselamatan dan radas dalam makmal sains Kontekstual Contextual Tungku kaki tiga Kelalang dasar bulat Corong turas Corong tisel Penunu Bunsen MINDRobics 1 Kelaskan organisma-organisma 2 3 kepada dua kumpulan 4 5 sepunya. Spirogyra MINDRobics (a) Nyatakan satu ciri bagi organisma-organisma tersebut. (a) Amoeba (Unicellular organism) (b) Paramecium (Unicellular organism) (c) (d) (e) (f) Spirogyra (Multicellular organism) Mucor (Multicellular organism) Chlamydomonas (Unicellular organism) Euglena (Unicellular organism) 7 Explain why Spirogyra is classified as a multicellular plant. Klamidomonas. Q7 Cell as a Unit of Life Chapter 2 Rajah di bawah menunjukkan jenis Perhatikan Tandakan (✓) dalam petak yang beberapa disediakan bagi organisma.2 Consists of one cell below. Mukor.2 PERBINCANGAN Terdiri daripada banyak sel Mukor: Namakan radas makmal dalam jadual di bawah. S7 2. Mark (✓) in below the boxes provided the natural phenomena. 1 Name the organisms 2 belonging to each group.6 contoh organisma unisel dan organisma • multisel Menyenaraikan perkara di sekeliling anda yang berkaitan dengan sains 2 29 1.6 1.2 LO • Use some common scientific apparatus in the laboratory 5 State whether the following microorganisms are a plant cell or an animal cell.

part of everyday life systems in the human body 2.7 HP HP •• Menerangkan Namakan jenis sel-sel manusia berbeza •• Menyenaraikan perkara sekeliling anda yang berkaitan Susun mengikut urutan di organisasi sel dari ringkas ke dengan sains kompleks dengan menggunakan istilah sel. human) 2 A group of similar cells that performs the same work is called ……. Tisu otot (d) Nerve cell Epithelial tissue (b) Reproductive cell✓ (c) Muscle tissue (d) Tisu epitelium Sel saraf Sel pembiakan Tisu otot 1 1 BAB Epithelial tissue Nerve cell Reproductive cell Muscle tissue CHAPTER 2 Tulis dengan betul turutan organisasi sel dalam organisma berdasarkan pernyataan yang diberi.2 LO• • Usethe some common scientific apparatus in the laboratory 1.8 LO State function of different types of human cells 1. (a) Cell ➯ ➯ ➯ ➯ ➯ (b) Tissue ➯ (c) Organ ➯ (d) System ➯ (e) Organism 2 2 Unit asas bagi semua hidupan.1 Understanding that cells science is tissues.7 ✓ (a) CHAPTER DISCUSSION Activity Science and natural phenomena Cell organisation Contextual Constructivism Cell as a Unit of Life Chapter 2 1 Namakan yangyang diberi.8 Activity LIBRARY RESEARCH DISCUSSION Activity 1 State the sequence in the cell organisation in humans. 1.2 Knowing the safety together.8 Tabung didih Bikar Rod kaca Kelalang dasar bulat Tabung uji Pipet Takung kaca Corong turas 2007 Bhg.3 form organs and Konstruktivisme Kontekstual Organisasi sel Sains dan fenomena semula jadi 1. Aktiviti PUSTAKA Pengelasan organ-organ dalam sistem Kelalang kon Buret Balang gas Tungku kaki tiga Masteri PENYELIDIKAN 2. organ dan sistem dalam harian badan manusia 1.7 1. Basic unit for all living things.7 PERBINCANGAN 1.1 LO LO • • Name Explain the the different importance types of of science human in cells everyday life • sequentially cell organisation from simple • Arrange Make a list of things around you that are related toto complex science using the terms cell. organ.1 Aktiviti Aktiviti 2. spinal cord (Nervous system) (b) Skin. organs and systems in the human body 2. Aktiviti Radas makmal dan kegunaannya Terdiri daripada semua sistem yang bekerjasama.2 Mengetahui langkah-langkah keselamatan dan radas dalam makmal sains fungsi tertentu.2 PERBINCANGAN Dua atau lebih Sekumpulan sel Terdiri daripada organ yang yang sama jenis dua atau lebih bekerjasama yang jenis tisu yang untuk menjalankan bekerjasama. organ.3 Memahami Memahamisains sel membentuk tisu. Kontekstual MINDRobics Namakan radas makmal dalam jadual di bawah. stomach. state the type of system that is formed in a human body. Kelalang volumetri Kaki retort sistem-sistem Mangkuk penyejat Penunu Bunsen 1 2 Jantung Tulang Salur darah Uterus Ginjal Otak Kulit Hidung 3 Sendi Rawan Pundi kencing Peparu Sistem Tabung uji Tabung didih Bikar Kelalang kon Kelalang volumetri RESERACH Name the laboratory apparatus in the table below.indd 30 7/22/10 10:30:39 AM . Objektif Pembelajaran menjalankan fungsi yang 1. (a) Brain. system.ObjektifPembelajaran Pembelajaran Objektif Chapter 2 Cell as a Unit of Life PERBINCANGAN 2. Q1(a) Test tube Pipette Glass trough Filter funnel Classify Measuring the following organs into systems listed below. tisu. lungs.8 fungsi jenis sel-sel manusia yang makmal berbeza 2. trachea (Respiratory system) (g) Bones.7 Understanding that cells form tissues. (Cell. ✓ ✓ (a) Sel (b) Tisu (c) Organ (d) Sistem (e) Organisma ✓ ✓ 2 Write out in sequence the organisation of cells in an organism based on the given statements. lung. sama. (tissue) 3 A group of tissue that works together is called …………….8 Conical flask 1.3 2. 1 Name given structures.2HP HP • • Menyatakan Menggunakan radas saintifik yang umum dalam 2. S1(a) Silinder penyukat Kasa dawai Mangkuk pijar Corong tisel Kelaskan organ-organ yang berikut kepada yang disenaraikan di bawah. cylinder Wire gauze Crucible Thistle funnel Volumetric flask Retort stand Evaporating dish Bunsen burner Heart Kidneys Joint Spinal cord Nerve fibre 1 2 Brain 3 4 5 Bone Cartilage Testis Stomach Blood vessels Skin Urinary bladder Mouth Ovary Uterus Nose Lungs Trachea Intestine MINDRobics System Test tube Boiling tube Beaker Conical flask Volumetric flask 6 Pernafasan 7 Pencernaan 8 Pembiakan Saraf Otak Saraf tunjang Gentian Buret saraf 9 Perkumuhan 10 Rangka Peredaran darah Salur darah Jantung Corong tisel 6 Respiratory 7 Digestive 8 Reproductive Nervous 9 Excretory 10 Skeletal Blood circulatory Hidung Trakea Peparu Silinder penyukat Mulut Perut Usus Pipet Uterus Testis Ovari Kulit Tulang Peparu Sendi Pundi Rawan kencing Kelalang dasar bulat Ginjal Nose Trachea Lungs Mouth Stomach Intestine Uterus Testis Ovary Pipette Brain Spinal cord Nerve fibre Burette Measuring cylinder Skin Bone Blood vessels Lungs Joint Heart Urinary Cartilage bladder Round-bottomed flask Thistle funnel Kidneys 2. Sel saraf Tisu epitelium Sel pembiakan ✓ ✓ (a) (b) (c) BAB Mark (✓) the in the boxes provided the natural phenomena. liver (Digestive system) (f) Nose. system and organism 2 30 2. A.1 adalah sebahagian daripada kehidupan Learning Objective 1. tissue. organ. tissue.1 kepentingan sainsyang dalam kehidupan harian 2. joints (Skeletal system) 30 30 F1MR-ch2(23-34). A. sistem dan organisma 2 30 1. uses Consisting of all systems working together. Activity Contextual Mastery 4 tunjang Saraf Testis Mulut Trakea 5 Gentian saraf Perut Ovari Usus Burette Gas jar Tripod stand Boiling tube Beaker Glass rod Round-bottomed flask 2007 Sec. (organ) 4 A few organs work together to carry out certain function in a life process to form a …………… (system) 5 Based on the given organs. Classification of organs in a system Activity LIBRARY 2. heart (Blood circulatory system) (d) Testis. 1. ovary (Reproductive system) (e) Mouth. Tandakan (✓) struktur dalam petak disediakan bagi fenomena semula jadi.2 Consisting of A group of cells Consisting of two or more of the same two or more organs working type carrying types of tissue together to carry out the same working Learning Objective percautions and apparatus out in a science laboratory specific function. DISCUSSION Laboratory apparatus and theirfunctions. kidney (Excretory system) (c) Blood vessel.…….1 2.

chloroplast and vacuole . organisms have only one cell. Cell Organ (a) Sperm: (b) Skin: System Tissue (d) Digestive: (e) Eardrum: Organ Cell (g) Eye: (h) Ovum: (c) Excretory: (f) Lung: (i) Brain: System Organ Organ 31 31 F1MR-ch2(23-34). ‘organ’ atau ‘sistem’. ‘organ’ or ‘system’. u m u m 6 Name the organisms below. Sel Organ (a) Sperma: (b) Kulit: Sistem Tisu (d) Pencernaan: (e) Gegendang telinga: Organ Sel (g) Mata: (h) Ovum: (c) Perkumuhan: (f) Peparu: (i) Otak: State the following structures as ‘cell’.PMR 1 Fungsi: Mengawal semua aktiviti sel Kunci Kejayaan Soalan-soalan berikut melibatkan konsep atau fakta yang kerap ditanya dalam peperiksaan PMR.indd 31 7/22/10 10:30:39 AM . 2 3 4 5 Animal cells do not contain Unicellular Multicellular cell wall . Write the symbols ‘u’ or ‘m’ to represent the unicellular and multicellular organisms respectively. Pastikan anda boleh menjawap semua soalan berikut. Sel pembiakan (a) (b) Sel darah merah Sel darah putih (c) Sel saraf (d) State the type of cell based on its structure and its function. organisms have many cells. Reproductive cell (a) (b) Red blood cell White blood cell (c) Nerve cell (d) Sel darah merah • Mengangkut oksigen dalam badan 8 Sel pembiakan • Memainkan peranan dalam pembiakan Sel saraf • Menghantar maklumat (impuls) dalam badan Sel darah putih Red blood cell • Membunuh bakteria • Transports oxygen in the body Sistem Organ Organ 8 • Takes part in reproduction • Sends information (impulse) in the body • Kills bacteria Reproductive cell Nerve cell White blood cell Nyatakan struktur yang berikut sebagai ‘sel’. ‘tisu’. Cell Tissue Organ System Human body 6 Namakan organisma di bawah. Sel Tisu Organ Sistem Badan manusia Complete the cell organisation below. Tuliskan simbol ‘u’ atau ‘m’ masing-masing untuk mewakili organisma unisel dan multisel. u m u m (a) 7 Ameba (b) Mukor (c) Paramesium (d) Spirogira 7 (a) Amoeba (b) Mucor (c) Paramecium (d) Spirogyra Nyatakan jenis sel berdasarkan struktur dan fungsinya. kloroplas dan vakuol . Lengkapkan organisasi sel di bawah. Cell membrane Nucleus Nucleus Cell membrane Cytoplasm Cell wall Plant cell Chloroplast Function: Contains chlorophyll which absorbs light during photosynthesis Function: Maintains the shape of the cell/Protect the cell Mengandungi klorofil yang menyerap cahaya semasa fotosintesis Fungsi: Mengekalkan bentuk sel/ Melindungi sel Vakuol Vacuole Fungsi: Melindungi sel Sel haiwan Function: Protects the cell Animal cell 2 3 4 5 Sel-sel haiwan tidak mengandungi Organisma Organisma unisel multisel dinding sel . Make sure you can answer all the questions correctly. ‘tissue’. Membran sel Nukleus Nukleus Membran sel Sitoplasma Dinding sel Sel tumbuhan Fungsi: Kloroplas Label the structures of animal and plant cells below and state their function. hanya mempunyai satu sel. PMR 1 Function: Controls all the cell activities Key To Success Questions in this section contain concepts and facts that are frequently tested in the PMR exam. Label struktur sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan di bawah dan nyatakan fungsinya. mempunyai banyak sel.

Choose the best answer. Rajah 6 Antara yang berikut. yang manakah membina organ? A C C C D A B 3 Diagram 1 shows a cell organisation. dan III D Which of the following belong in groups X and Y? X Y A Platelet White blood cell B Kidneys Ovum C Stomach Sperm D Epithelial Lungs tissue CLONE CLONE D 2000 2002 CLONE 2008 D Diagram 4 Which of the structures A. yang manakah mewakili P dan Q? P A B C D Multisel Unisel Tidak berdinding sel Bervakuol Q Unisel Multisel Berdinding sel Tidak bervakuol KLON 2008 Mukor Ameba Spirogira Paramesium 1 4 Diagram 2 shows the classification of organisms. Rajah 3 Antara struktur berlabel A. C A D B Diagram 3 Which of the labelled structures A. Pilih jawapan yang terbaik. • Has a fixed shape • Has big vacuole • Has cell wall Which of the following is the other characteristic of a cell which has the properties listed above? A No cell membrane B Makes own food C Does not respond to light D Has more than one nucleus B 2 Which of the following involves in the fertilisation to produce offspring? A C Rajah 5 Tisu ini ialah A tisu saraf B tisu epitelium C tisu otot D tisu penghubung Diagram 5 The tissue is a A nerve tissue B epithelial tissue C muscle tissue D connective tissue CLONE 2006 KLON 2006 C C 8 Rajah 6 menunjukkan empat jenis mikroorganisma. C and D. Mukor P Spirogira Organisma Yis Q Ameba Rajah 2 Antara yang berikut. yang manakah terlibat dalam persenyawaan untuk menghasilkan anak? A C Each question is followed by four options. yang manakah tidak terdapat pada sel haiwan? KLON D 2000 6 Rajah 4 menunjukkan struktur sel. B. B. II. yang manakah me-rupakan ciri lain bagi satu sel yang mempunyai sifat-sifat di atas? A Tidak mempunyai membran sel B Membuat makanan sendiri C Tidak bergerak balas terhadap cahaya D Mempunyai lebih daripada satu nukleus B 2 Antara yang berikut.PMR KERTAS Sudut Pengukuhan 2 7 Rajah 5 menunjukkan sejenis tisu dalam badan manusia.indd 32 7/22/10 10:30:39 AM . C KLON 2009 5 Diagram 3 shows the structure of a plant cell. C A D B 9 Which of the following builds up an organ? A C 3 Rajah 1 menunjukkan organisasi sel. CLONE 2009 A B C suatu Y D 9 Antara yang berikut. A. C or D is not found in an animal cell? CLONE 2000 D 6 Diagram 4 shows the structure of a cell. C or D absorbs light for photosynthesis? B CLONE CLONE 2004 2005 10 Among the following structures. yang manakah berfungsi menyerap cahaya untuk fotosintesis? KLON KLON B 2005 2004 10 Antara struktur yang berikut. 1 The following information shows the characteristics of a cell. B. B. II and III D 32 32 F1MR-ch2(23-34). Mucor P Spirogyra Organisms Yeast Q Amoeba Diagram 2 Which of the following represents P and Q? P A B C D Multicellular Unicellular Have no cell wall Have vacuole Q Unicellular Multicellular Have cell wall Have no vacuole CLONE 2008 Mucor Amoeba Spirogyra Paramecium Tiap-tiap soalan yang berikut diikuti oleh empat pilihan jawapan. A. PMR PAPER Enhancement Corner 2 7 Diagram 5 shows a type of tissue in human body. which are found in Spirogyra but not in human skin cells? I Cell wall III Vacuole II Chloroplast A I and II only B I and III only C II and III only D I. • Bentuk tetap • Vakuol besar • Berdinding sel Antara yang berikut. yang manakah mikroorganisma multisel? A Mukor dan spirogira B Paramesium dan ameba C Mukor dan paramesium D Ameba dan spirogira A KLON 2006 KLON 2007 Diagram 6 Which of the following are multicellular organisms? A Mucor and Spirogyra B Paramecium and Amoeba C Mucor and Paramecium D Amoeba and Spirogyra A CLONE 2006 CLONE 2007 A B D A B D 5 Rajah 3 menunjukkan struktur sel tumbuhan. B. 8 Diagram 6 shows four types of microorganisms. yang manakah tergolong dalam kumpulan X dan Y ? X Y A Platlet Sel darah putih B Ginjal Ovum C Perut Sperma D Tisu Peparu epitelium D KLON KLON 2000 2002 Rajah 4 Antara struktur A. C dan D. Sel Organisma X Sistem Rajah 1 Cell B D Organism KLON 2008 X System Diagram 1 Y B D D Antara yang berikut. yang manakah terdapat pada Spirogira tetapi tidak terdapat pada sel kulit manusia? I Dinding sel III Vakuol II Kloroplas A I dan II sahaja B I dan III sahaja C II dan III sahaja D I. 1 4 Rajah 2 menunjukkan pengelasan organisma. 1 Maklumat yang berikut menunjukkan ciri-ciri satu sel. B. C dan D. C dan D.

Sec. dan Z dengan fungsinya. Kloroplas X: __________________ Nukleus Y: __________________ Dinding sel Z: __________________ Section A Answer all the questions. mulut esofagus perut pankreas usus hidung trakea peparu (b) Draw lines to match each type of system with its function. Struktur X • Y • Z • • • • • Fungsi Mengawal semua aktiviti sel Mengandungi klorofil yang menyerap cahaya semasa fotosintesis Melindungi sel Tempat berlakunya proses kimia KLON 2007 Diagram 1 (a) On Diagram 1. dan Z dengan menggunakan perkataan yang berikut: Dinding sel (b) Padankan struktur X. 1 KLON 2005 Diagram 1 shows the structure of a cell. A. S1 2 (a) Diagram 2 shows some examples of the cell organisation in the human body.indd 33 7/22/10 10:30:39 AM . Bhg. 1 Rajah 1 menunjukkan struktur satu sel. Y. label struktur X. Structure X • Y • Z • • • • • Function Controls cell activities Contains chlorophyll which absorbs light during photosynthesis Protects the cell Place where chemical processes occur CLONE 2007 Kloroplas Nukleus Chloroplast Nucleus 2 (a) Rajah 2 menunjukkan beberapa contoh organisasi sel dalam badan manusia. Chloroplast X :__________________ Cell wall Z :__________________ Bhg. A. Q1 Nucleus Y :__________________ Rajah 1 (a) Pada Rajah 1. yang manakah sel? Tandakan (✓) dalam petak yang disediakan. S1 CLONE 2005 Sec. label structures X. Y and Z using the following words: Cell wall (b) Match structures X. A. Ear Ovum Lungs Sperm (b) Lukis garisan untuk memadankan setiap jenis sistem dengan fungsinya. A. Y. (i) Antara yang berikut. Q1 ✓ ✓ Rajah 2 (ii) Bulatkan perkataan dalam petak di bawah untuk menunjukkan dua contoh lain bagi sel. (i) Which of the following is a cell? Tick (✓) in the box provided. Y and Z with their functions. mouth oesophagus stomach pancreas intestines nose trachea lungs rawan cartilage tulang bones Memecahkan makanan kepada bentuk ringkas untuk diserap oleh badan Menyerap oksigen dan menyingkirkan karbon dioksida dari badan Menyokong dan melindungi organ dalaman badan Breaks up food into a simpler form to be absorbed by the body Absorbs oxygen and eliminates carbon dioxide from the body Supports and protects the internal organs of the body 33 33 F1MR-ch2(23-34).KERTAS 2 PAPER 2 Bahagian A Jawab semua soalan. Telinga Ovum Peparu Sperma Diagram 2 (ii) Circle the words in the box below to show two other examples of cells.

Q. R. (a) Nyatakan satu ciri bagi setiap organisma P. P: Mempunyai membran sel/Mempunyai sitoplasma Q: Mempunyai membran sel/Mempunyai sitoplasma R: Mempunyai dinding sel/Mempunyai kloroplas S: Mempunyai dinding sel/Mempunyai kloroplas (b) Kelaskan organisma P. R and S. (a) State one characteristic for each of the organisms P.indd 34 7/22/10 10:30:40 AM . Q. A. A.s P. R and S into two groups based on their common characteristics. Q. P: Has a cell membrane/Has cytoplasm Q: Has a cell membrane/Has cytoplasm R: Has a cell wall/Has chloroplast S: Has a cell wall/Has chloroplast (b) Classify organisms P. R. 3 Rajah 3 menunjukkan organisma P. R. R and S.Bahagian B Jawab soalan di bawah. KLON 2004 Section B Answer all the questions. S1 3 Diagram 3 shows organisms P. dan S kepada dua kumpulan berdasarkan ciri sepunya. Q. CLONE 2004 Sec. Namakan organisma-organisma dalam setiap kumpulan. Name the organisms in each group. Q. Q. Q1 P Q R S P Q R S Rajah 3 Diagram 3 Berdasarkan pemerhatian pada Rajah 3. R and S Ciri sepunya Mempunyai dinding sel/ Mempunyai kloroplas Tidak mempunyai dinding sel/Tidak mempunyai kloroplas Common characteristics Have a cell wall/ Have chloroplast Do not have a cell wall/ Do not have chloroplast Nama organisma Klamidomonas Spirogira Paramesium Ameba Name of organisms Chlamydomonas Spirogyra Paramecium Amoeba 34 34 F1MR-ch2(23-34). R dan S P. jawab soalan-soalan yang berikut. dan S. Q. Based on the observations in Diagram 3. Bhg. answer the following questions. dan S. Q.

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