Tugas

Metode Numerik

Disusun Oleh :
Antonio Grafiko
FIA 007 002
Dosen Pembimbing
Yulian Fauzi,S.Si,M.Si

Matematika
Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam
Universitas Bengkulu
2008

Metode Bagi Dua (Bisection)

Tentukan akar dari f(x) = e-x – x dengan batas [0,1] dengan tolerasi error dibawah 1%.
f(0) = 1
f(1) = -0,6321
1. f(0) . f(1)  (1) . (-0,6321) < 0

(0 + 1) / 2 = 0,5
2. f(0,5) = 0,1065
f(0) . f(0,5)

(1) . (0,1065) > 0

f(0,5) . f(1)  (0,1065) . (-0,6321) < 0
(0,5 + 1) / 2 = 0,75
3. f(0,75) = -0,2776
f(0,5) . f(0,75)

(0,1065) . (-0,2776) < 0

f(0,75) . f(1)  (-0,2776) . (-0,6321) > 0
(0,5 + 0,75) / 2 = 0,625
4. f(0,625) = -0,0897
f(0,5) . f(0,625)

(0,1065) . (-0,0897) < 0

f(0,625) . f(0,75)

(-0,0897) . (-0,2776) > 0

(0,5 + 0,625) / 2 = 0,5625
5. f(0,5625) = 0,0073
f(0,5) . f(0,5625)  (0,1065) . (0,0073) > 0
f(0,5625) . f(0,625)

(0,0073) . (-0,0897) < 0

(0,5625 + 0,625) / 2 = 0,5938
6. f(0,5938) = -0,0416
f(0,5625) . f(0,5938)  (0,0073) . (-0,0416) < 0
f(0,5938) . f(0,625)  (-0,0416) . (-0,0897) > 0
(0,5625 + 0,5938) / 2 = 0,5782
7. f(0,5782) = -0,0173
f(0,5625) . f(0,5782)

(0,0073) . (-0,0173) < 0

f(0,5782) . f(0,5938)  (-0,0173) . (-0,0416) > 0
(0,5625 + 0,5782) / 2 = 0,5704
8. f(0,5704) = -0,0051
f(0,5625) . f(0,5704)  (0,0073) . f(-0,0051) < 0
f(0,5704) . f(0,5782)

(-0,0051) . (-0,0173) > 0

(0,5625 + 0,5704) / 2 = 0,5669
9. f(0,5665) = 0,0010
f(0,5625) . f(0,5665)  (0,0073) . (0,0010) > 0
f(0,5665) . f(0,5704)

(0,0010) . (-0,0051) < 0

(0,5665 + 0,5704) / 2 = 0,5684
10. f(0,5684) = -0,0011
f(0,5665) . f(0,5684)

(0,0010) . (-0,0011) < 0

f(0,5684) . f(0,5704)  (-0,0011) . (-0,0051) > 0
(0,5665 + 0,5684) / 2 = 0,5675
Persentase
54
0,5938-0,56250,5938 x 100% = 5,2711%

6

5
0,5782-0,59380,5782 x 100% = 2,6980%

76
0,5704-0,57820,5704 x 100% = 1,3675%

8

7
0,5669-0,57040,5669 x 100% = 0,6174%

98
0,5684-0,56690,5684 x 100% = 0,2639%

10

9
0,5675-0,56840,5675 x 100% = 0,1586%

Pada X = 0,5684 dan f(x) = -0,0011

METODE POSISI SALAH
fx=x3+x2-3x-3=0

Penyelesaian
1. Interval -2 sampai -1
f-2=(-2)3+(-2)2-3.(-2)-3=-1
f-1=23+22-3.2-3=3
• x1=-1-3.(-1-(-2))3-(-1)=-1,75
f-1,75=(-1,75)3+(-1,75)2-3.-1,75-3=-0,0469

f-1.f-1,75<0 jadi
x2=-1-3.(-1-(-1,75))3-(-0,0469)=-1,7384
f-1,7384=(-1,7384)3+(-1,7384)2-3.-1,7384-3=-0,0163

f-1.f-1,7384<0 jadi
x3=-1-3.(-1-(-1,7384))3-(-0,0163)=-1,7344
f-1,7344=(-1,7344)3+(-1,7344)2-3.-1,7344-3=-0,0059
error=-1,7344-(-1,7384)-1,7344.100%=-0,23%

2. Interval -1,5 sampai -0,5
f-1,5=(-1,5)3+(-1,5)2-3.(-1,5)-3=0,375
f-0,5=0,53+(0,5)2-3.0,5-3=-1,375
• x1=-0,5--1,375.(-0,5-(-1,5))-1.375-(0,375)=-1,2857
f-1,2857=(-1,2857)3+(-1,2857)2-3.-1,2857-3=0,3848

f-1,2857.f-0,5<0 jadi
x2=-0,5--1,375.(-0,5-(-1,2857))-1.375-(0,3848)=-1,1139
f-1,1139=(-1,1139)3+(-1,1139)2-3.-1,1139-3=0,2004

f-1,1139.f-0,5<0 jadi
x2=-0,5--1,375.(-0,5-(-1,1139))-1.375-(0,2004)=-1,0358
f-1,0358=(-1,0358)3+(-1,0358)2-3.-1,0358-3=0,0689
error=-1,0358-(-1,1139)-1,0358.100%=-7,54%

3. Batas interval 1-2

f1=13+12-3.1-3=-4
f2=23+22-3.2-3=3
x1=2-3.(2-1)3-(-4)=1,5714
f1,5714=(1,5714)3+(1,5714)2-3.1,5714-3=-1,3647

f2.f1,5714<0 jadi
x2=2-3.(2-1,5714)3-(-1,3647)=1,7054
f1,7054=(1,7054)3+(1,7054)2-3.1,7054-3=-0,2478

f2.f1,7054<0 jadi
x3=2-3.(2-1,7054)3-(-0,2478)=1,7279
f1,7279=(1,7279)3+(1,7279)2-3.1,7279-3=-0,0392
f2.f1,7279<0 jadi

x4=2-3.(2-1,7279)3-(-0,0392)=1,7314
f1,7314=(1,7314)3+(1,7314)2-3.1,7314-3=-0,0062
error=1,7314-1,72791,7314.100%=0,0202%

Metode Rapshon
f(x) = e-x – x
Penyelesaian :
xi+1 = xi – f(x) / f’(x)
dimana diketahui bila xi+1 = 0 dan xi = 1 maka
x1 = x0 – f(x0) / f’(x0) = 0 + (1/2) = 0,5
x2 = x1 – f(x1) / f’(x1) = 0,5 + (0,1065 / -1,6065) = 0,5663
x3 = x2 – f(x2) / f’(x2) = 0,5663 – (0,0013 / -1,1339) = 0,5674
Pada x3 ada akar yaitu 0,5674 karena iterasinya < 1%

Metode Secant
f(x) : e-x – x
penyelesaian :
karena selang [0,1] dan bila dibuat grafiknya maka akar terdapat di [0,5;0,6]
xn+1 = xn – yn (xn-xn+1)(yn-yn+1)
x0 dan x1 mempunyai nilai masing-masing x0 = 0,5 dan x1 = 0,6 maka dapat
disimpulkan bahwa ada akar terdapat di selang [0,5;0,6]

y0 = f(x0) = 0,1065
y1 = f(x1) = -0,0512
x2 = x1– y1 (x1-x0)(y1-y0)
x2 = (0,6)– (-0,0512) (0,1)(-0,1577) = 0,5675
y2 = f(x2) = -0,0005
x3 = x2– y2 (x2-x1)(y2-y1)
x3 = (0,5675)– (-0,0005) (-0,0325)(0,0507) = 0,5672
pada x3 terdapat akar yaitu 0,5672 karena nilai error toleransinya <1%

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