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# EC2205 ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS-I

A.R. ENGINEERING COLLEGE, VILLUPURAM ECE DEPARTMENT QUESTION BANK SUB. NAME: ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS - I SEM: III BRANCH/YEAR: ECE/II
UNIT I TRANSISTOR BIAS STABILITY PART A What is the condition for thermal stability? Why capacitor coupling used to connect a signal source to an amplifier? Define AC load line. Write short notes on zero current drift in FET. What is the drawback of collector to base bias? Define stability factor of an amplifier? What is its ideal value? What is the advantage of using emitter resistance in the context of biasing? What is the need for biasing? What is meant by compensation techniques? What is the function of bypass capacitor in an amplifier circuit? What is thermal runaway? What are the advantage and disadvantages of fixed bias circuit? What is bias compensation using thermistor? Why is it necessary to stabilize the operating point of transistor? Why do you fix the operating point in the middle of the DC load line? Explain one application JFET used as variable resistor. What is load line? What is the bias stability in FET circuits? What is meant by transistor? What are the different types of biasing in BJT? PART B How is dc and ac load lines draw on the output characteristic curves of on the output characteristics curves of an amplifier sketch them &discuss Explain thermistor compensation technique with neat diagram and explain self bias circuit using n-channel JFET Derive expression for the various stability factors Explain in detail about voltage divider bias circuit for FET What is the need for biasing .explain the different types of biasing of BJT? Explain in detail about collector to base bias circuit of FET Define 3 stability factors derive& explain the condition to avoid thermal run away Describe the stability in fixed &self bias& compare their performance Explain in detail about biasing of MOSFET Show how a FET can be used as a voltage variable resistor Draw the dc load line for the following transistor configuration obtain the quiescent point RC=330, rb1=5.2k, rb2=1.24k, re=100&B=100

## SUB. CODE: EC2205

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## A.R ENGINEERING COLLEGE, VILLUPURAM.

EC2205 ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS-I 12) Determine the values of circuit elements of collector to base bias circuit using vcc=29v, Vce=5v, =45, IC=5 A 13) Explain how FET biasing differs from BJT? &write short notes on heat sink? 14) Design a voltage divider bias network using a supply of 24v,=110&ICQ=4MA, VCEQ=8V choose ve=1/8 vcc 15) Compare different types of transistor configuration 16) Explain in the detail about CE configuration UNIT II MIDBAND ANALYSIS OF SMALL SIGNAL AMPLIFIERS PART A How does input impedance increase due to Darlington pair? Why Darlington pair is not possible for more number of stages? Write short notes on base width modulation? What is the need for differential amplifier? Mention the advantages which are specific to Darlington connection. Define CMRR. What are the features of cascade amplifier? Define Bisection theorem. State Millers theorem. Why bootstrap technique is called so? Define the four H-parameters. Mention two applications of bootstrapped amplifier? What are the advantages of differential amplifier? Define multistage amplifier. Define small signal amplifier. Classification of amplifier based on biasing condition Write down the characteristics of CE amplifier. State advantages and disadvantages of RC coupled amplifier. Write down the characteristics of CC amplifier. Write down the applications of directly coupled amplifier? PART B Explain the operation of the emitter coupled differential amplifier and Discuss about the transfer characters of the differential amplifier Explain bootstrapped Darlington circuit with neat sketch. Explain the differential and common mode operation of transistorized differential amplifier. Derive the expression for CE short circuit current gain and current gain with resistive load at high frequencies. Derive the expression for the voltage gain of i) Common source amplifier Common drain amplifier configurations, under small signal low frequency conditions. Draw the Darlington emitter follower circuit and explain. With small signal equivalent circuit of emitter follower; derive its input and output impedance. Employ boot strapping technique in the emitter follower circuit and derive its input impedance.

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## A.R ENGINEERING COLLEGE, VILLUPURAM.

EC2205 ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS-I 9) Define CMRR. Explain the method used to improve CMRR. 10) Give the guidelines for the analysis of transistor circuit for its small signal behavior. Explain with an example. 11) Draw a two identical stage RC coupled amplifier and explain the need for each component. Comment on its individual stage voltage gain and current gain. What happens to the overall value of the above gains? 12) In a darlingtonpair amplifier Re=100 ohms, I f 1 =100, 2 =75, calculate the overall impedance. 13) Draw a small signal low frequency model for an FET amplifier and explain. 14) Derive the input and output impedances of FET amplifier and explain about common collector amplifier. 15) Explain in detail about transformer coupled amplifier. 16) Explain in detail about direct coupled amplifier. (16) (16) (16) (16) (16) (16) (16) (16)

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UNIT III FREQUENCY RESPONSE OF AMPLIFIERS PART A What is meant by gain bandwidth product? Give the equation of overall upper and lower cutoff frequencies of multistage amplifier. What is bandwidth of an amplifier? What is the significance of octaves and decades in frequency response? The midband gain of an amplifier is 100 and the lower cutoff frequency is 1khz. Find the gain of the amplifier at a frequency of 20 Hz. Define fT in a high frequency transistor. If rise time of BJT is 3.5 micro sec, find out its transition frequency. What are the features of cascode amplifier? What are the high frequency effects? What does rise time indicate? What are the 2 characteristics of a bode plot? Give the significance of coupling and bypass capacitor on BW of amplifiers? What are the causes for occurrence of upper cutoff frequency in BJT? What is the effect of Cbc on the input circuit of a BJT amplifier at high frequency. Give the relationship between BW and rise time? What is the BW that can be obtaining using this BJT? PART B Draw the high frequency equivalent circuit for a FET amplifier and derive the values of all the parameters. (16) Derive the expression for transistor conductance for hybrid? Common emitter transistor model. (16) What is the effect of Cbe on the input circuit of a BJT amplifier at high frequencies. (16) Find the equivalent miller capacitance if the Cbc is 10pf, CB current gain is 0.99, the small signal resistance is 26 ohms and the load resistor is 10 kohm. (16) How does base compensation help in broadcasting the bandwidth of an amplifier? Explain with necessary expressions. (16) Derive the expression for Ai,Av,Zi,Yo,Ap for transistor amplifier using h parameter model. (16) Derive the expression for CE short circuit current gain of a transistor at high frequency. (16) Define alpha and beta cutoff frequency,rise time,bandwidth and transistion frequency and derive their values interms of circuit parameters. (16) Discuss the frequency response characteristics of CE amplifier. Derive the general expression for gain at low, middle, high frequencies. Draw the bode plots for

## A.R ENGINEERING COLLEGE, VILLUPURAM.

EC2205 ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS-I low and high frequencies. 10) Using hybrid pi model. Derive the expression for short circuit current gain. Define Ft. Draw bode plot for short circuit current gain as a function of frequency. 11) Explain in detail about low frequency response of BJT amplifier. 12) Explain in detail about low frequency response of JFET amplifier. 13) Explain in detail about high frequency response of BJT amplifier. 14) Explain in detail about high frequency response of JFET amplifier. UNIT IV LARGE SIGNAL AMPLIFIERS PART A 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) Define heat sink? Define class C operation. List any two advantages of transformer coupled class A amplifier circuit. Mention two important conditions to be satisfied by a complementary symmetry power stage. Define class C operation of power amplifier? Why class A amplifier must not be operated under no signal conditions? Why power amplifier gives minimum distortion and why? When does inter modulation occur? Why should it be minimized in hi-fi audio amplifier? What is the drawback of class B amplifier? How is this minimized? Define thermal resistance in the context of power amplifier? What are the advantages of push pull amplifier? What is cross over distortion? How it can be eliminated? What is meant by harmonic distortion? What is the configuration used in complementary symmetry power amplifier? How does it help? Compare the efficiencies of all the power amplifiers. Distinguish between class A and class B operation. PART B Describe the operation of class c amplifier and derive the efficiency. (16) What is thermal runaway? What are design aspects that have to be taken care of While designing power amplifier to have thermal stability? (16) Calculate the efficiency of a class B amplifier with ac peak to peak voltage at output is 5v(vcc=5v). (16) Prove that the maximum efficiency of class A transformer coupled power amplifier is 50% and that of class B type 78.5%. (16) Explain complementary symmetry power amplifier with neat diagram and give the design procedure for heat sinks. (16) Explain the transformer coupled audio power amplifier. (16) Explain the operation of class B push pull amplifier. (16) Explain the working of class D amplifier and explain about cross over distortion. (16) Give the procedure of heat sink, compare class A,B & AB power amplifiers is their performance& efficiency. (16) Draw the transform coupled class B amplifier using PNP transistors& explain its Operation.What is the modification done to alter it to function as a class AB amplifier? (16) Differentiate between voltage & power amplifier. (16) Explain in detail about RC coupled class & amplifier. (16) Explain in detail about different types of distortions in class B amplifier. (16) Explain in detail about class AB amplifier. (16) (16) (16) (16) (16) (16) (16)

## A.R ENGINEERING COLLEGE, VILLUPURAM.

EC2205 ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS-I UNIT V RECTIFIERS AND POWER SUPPLIES PART A 1) What is a voltage multiplier? 2) What is meant by ripple factor? 3) Define line regulation. 4) Define load regulation. 5) What are the limitations of using zener diode regulator? 6) What is the basic concept of SMPS? 7) Indicate two advantages of bleeder resistor? 8) What are the advantages of bridge rectifier? 9) Why is a simple capacitor filter not suitable for heavy load? 10) Define switching regulator. 11) Differentiate series and shunt voltage regulator. 12) Define Rectifier. 13) What are the different types of rectifiers? 14) What are the different types of transformer? 15) Define transformer utilization factor. 16) Define filter. 17) Define voltage regulator. 18) Classification of voltage regulator. 19) Classification of voltage doubler. PART B 1) Explain how Zener diode acts as a regulator. 2) Draw the circuit diagram of a FWR with capacitor input filter. With suitable waveform explain its working. Derive the expression for ripple factor. 3) Describe the regulation of the output voltage with respect to input voltage and load variation of a linear voltage regulator. 4) Design a simple Zener regulator to give a DC fixed output of 5v to a load current of 50mA. Assume any data required, but reasonably. Provide short circuit protection. 5) Explain in detail about Full Wave rectifier circuit. 6) Explain in detail about half Wave rectifier circuit and compare their performance. 7) Draw the block diagram of SMPS and explain its operation. Discuss its merits. 8) Explain in detail about different types of filters. 9) Explain in detail about Bridge rectifier circuit. 10) Describe in block diagram the series and shunt voltage regulator and explain the operation of transistorized series regulator. 11) How regulation of output voltage is obtained against line and load variation in SMPS. 12) Explain in detail the operation of the electronic voltage regulators. 13) Explain in detail about power controlled using SCR. 14) Explain in detail about different types of voltage multiplier.

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